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health professional and perception and disease

Carl Joakim Brandt, Jane Clemensen, Jesper Bo Nielsen, Jens Søndergaard
OBJECTIVES: Assisting patients in lifestyle change using collaborative e-health tools can be an efficient treatment for non-communicable diseases like diabetes, cardiovascular disease and chronic obstructive lung disease that are caused or aggravated by unhealthy living in the form of unhealthy diet, physical inactivity or tobacco smoking. In a prospective pilot study, we tested an online collaborative e-health tool in general practice. The aim of this study was to identify drivers of importance for long-term personal lifestyle changes from a patient perspective when using a collaborative e-health tool, including the support of peers and healthcare professionals...
March 12, 2018: BMJ Open
Jamie Bryant, Rochelle Smits, Heidi Turon, Rob Sanson-Fisher, Jennifer Engel
PURPOSE: To describe the perceptions of haematological cancer patients about the components of care deemed essential to supporting them to obtain and understand information about their cancer, its treatment and its impact on their life. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with individuals diagnosed with haematological cancer. Eligible patients presenting for a scheduled outpatient appointment were invited to complete a pen-and-paper survey in the clinic waiting room while waiting for their appointment...
March 9, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Salman Shuja, Azmina Hussain, Sofia Malik, Tahir Rizwan, Muhammad Amin, Ziaullah Choudhry
BACKGROUND: Globally approximately 100 million people are waterpipe smokers and this trend also prevails in Pakistan. It has detrimental effects on general health and oral health. The objective of the study was to determine the perception of health professional students regarding waterpipe smoking (WPS) and to assess their awareness about adverse effects of WPS on oral health. METHODS: A selfadministered questionnaire based cross-sectional study was conducted among health professional students in three medical and dental institutes of Karachi from December 2015 to February 2016...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Sarah Abdi, Avanti Wadugodapitiya, Sandra Bedaf, Carolin Elizabeth George, Gift Norman, Mark Hawley, Luc de Witte
BACKGROUND: Urban slums are characterised by unique challenging living conditions, which increase their inhabitants' vulnerability to specific health conditions. The identification and prioritization of the key health issues occurring in these settings is essential for the development of programmes that aim to enhance the health of local slum communities effectively. As such, the present study sought to identify and prioritise the key health issues occurring in urban slums, with a focus on the perceptions of health professionals and community workers, in the rapidly growing city of Bangalore, India...
March 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
Susana Rebelo, Sofia Velho Rua, Joana d'Orey Leça, Ana Couto, Rute Teixeira, João Firmino-Machado
OBJECTIVES: To determine if children attend the family physician (FP) or the FP/paediatrician for their surveillance medical appointments, as well as analyse the variables associated with the parents' choice between the two physicians. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Public, semiprivate and private kindergartens in the city of Vila Nova de Famalicão (Portugal). PARTICIPANTS: Parents of children aged 6 years or less without chronic diseases, enrolled in the selected kindergartens...
March 1, 2018: BMJ Open
Marcelo D Agostino, Felipe Medina Mejía, Myrna Martí, David Novillo-Ortiz, Flavio Hazrum, Federico G de Cosío
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to: 1) raise awareness of the volume of quality health information on the Internet; 2) explore perceptions of information professionals with regard to the use of qualified sources for health decision-making; and 3) make recommendations that facilitate strengthening health worker capacities and institutional competencies related to digital literacy. METHODS: A non-experimental, descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with a non-probability sample of 32 information professionals from nine countries...
February 19, 2018: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Despina Laparidou, Jo Middlemass, Terence Karran, A Niroshan Siriwardena
Background There are an estimated 46.8 million people worldwide living with dementia in 2015, being cared for usually by family members or friends (informal caregivers). The challenges faced by informal caregivers often lead to increased levels of stress, burden and risk of care-recipient institutionalisation. Aim The overarching aim of this study was to explore the experiences and perceptions of informal caregivers of people with dementia when interacting with the health care system, and whether the support received acted as a mediator of caregiver stress...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
Stephanie L Richards, Jo Anne G Balanay, Brian D Byrd, Michael H Reiskind, Diane M Styers
Mosquitoes are a nuisance and can transmit pathogens to humans and other animals, resulting in notable morbidity and mortality. Organized mosquito control programs conduct surveillance, source reduction, treatment of mosquito oviposition sites, and adulticiding to protect public health. However, in some regions, there has been a decline in county and municipal mosquito control programs, and homeowners increasingly contract with private mosquito control companies or address mosquito-related issues themselves at the household level...
December 2017: Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
Stephanie Smith, Virginia Eatough, James Smith, Radu Mihai, Andrew Weaver, Gregory P Sadler
OBJECTIVE: Thyroid cancer is one of the most common cancers affecting young people and carries an excellent prognosis. Little is known about the psychosocial issues that face young people diagnosed with a treatable cancer. This study explored how young people experienced diagnosis, treatment, and how they made sense of an experience which challenged their views on what it means to have cancer. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight young people diagnosed with either papillary or follicular thyroid cancer, and analysed with interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA)...
January 22, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Marie Preau, Marjolaine Doumergue, Christel Protiere, Cécile Goujard, Marion Mora, Laurence Meyer, Jean-Daniel Lelievre, François Raffi, Bruno Spire, Olivier Lambotte, Marie Suzan-Monti
Essential HIV cure-related clinical trials (HCRCT) have a potentially high-risk profile in terms of participants' health, which could hinder enrollment by people living with HIV (PLWH) and healthcare professionals (HP). The ANRS-APSEC survey is part of the IAS "Towards an HIV cure" initiative, which promotes multidisciplinary research for a safe, affordable and scalable cure. The study objectives were to understand the psychosocial mechanisms underlying PLWH and HP viewpoints about future HCRCT. Six focus group discussions (three with PLWH (n = 21) and three with HP (n = 30)) were held in three French infectious disease units...
January 18, 2018: AIDS Care
Louise S Madsen, Charlotte Handberg
BACKGROUND: The present study explored the reflections on cancer survivorship care of lymphoma survivors in active treatment. Lymphoma survivors have survivorship care needs, yet their participation in cancer survivorship care programs is still reported as low. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand the reflections on cancer survivorship care of lymphoma survivors to aid the future planning of cancer survivorship care and overcome barriers to participation...
January 16, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Alvaro Sobrinho, Leandro Dias da Silva, Angelo Perkusich, Maria Eliete Pinheiro, Paulo Cunha
BACKGROUND: The chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide critical problem, especially in developing countries. CKD patients usually begin their treatment in advanced stages, which requires dialysis and kidney transplantation, and consequently, affects mortality rates. This issue is faced by a mobile health (mHealth) application (app) that aims to assist the early diagnosis and self-monitoring of the disease progression. METHODS: A user-centered design (UCD) approach involving health professionals (nurse and nephrologists) and target users guided the development process of the app between 2012 and 2016...
January 12, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Annemarie L Lee, Samantha L Harrison, Roger S Goldstein, Dina Brooks
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common symptom in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) which negatively influences quality of life and psychological well-being. However, our understanding of how those with COPD interpret the experience of pain is very limited. OBJECTIVES: To explore how individuals with moderate to severe COPD experience pain. METHODS: Eight patients diagnosed with COPD who reported experiencing pain for greater than three months participated in in-depth interviews...
January 10, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Cynthia Chaput, Sabrina Beaulieu-Gagnon, Véronique Bélanger, Simon Drouin, Laurence Bertout, Lucie Lafrance, Cinthia Olivier, Marthe Robitaille, Caroline Laverdière, Daniel Sinnett, Marie Marquis, Valérie Marcil
BACKGROUND: Progresses in childhood cancer treatment, diagnosis, and management have resulted in childhood cancer survival rates of over 80%. However, this therapeutic success comes with a heavy price: two-thirds of childhood cancer survivors will be affected by further complications, including cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Adequate nutrition during cancer treatment is essential to ensure the child's optimal development, improve tolerance to treatments, and can contribute to lower the risk of developing cardiometabolic diseases...
January 9, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Claire Trimingham, Stephen McDonald, Kathryn Dansie, Shilpa Jesudason, Randall Faull, Phil Clayton, Grace Liew, Richard Le Leu, Anthony Meade
BACKGROUND: The bowel health of those with chronic kidney disease (CKD) can be affected by medications, fluid/dietary allowances, reduced activity and pre-existing medical conditions. Patient perceptions of their bowel health can differ from those of health care professionals and the burden of gastrointestinal symptoms could be inaccurately reported. METHODS: Adults with CKD, including those undergoing haemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis and kidney transplant from four South Australian hospitals enrolled in the study...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Renal Care
David C Bosanquet, Graeme K Ambler, Cherry-Ann Waldron, Emma Thomas-Jones, Lucy Brookes-Howell, Mark Kelson, Tim Pickles, Debbie Harris, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Neeraj Saxena, Christopher P Twine
BACKGROUND: Pain after major lower limb amputation for peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a significant problem. A perineural catheter (PNC) can be placed adjacent to the major nerve at the time of amputation with a continuous local anaesthetic infusion given postoperatively to try and reduce pain. Although low-quality observational data suggest that PNC usage reduces postoperative opioid requirements, there are limited data regarding its effect on pain. The aim of PLACEMENT is to explore the feasibility of running an effectiveness trial to assess the impact of a PNC with continuous local anaesthetic infusion, inserted at the time of amputation, on short and medium-term postoperative outcomes...
December 28, 2017: Trials
Ulrich Muellner, Guillaume Fournié, Petra Muellner, Christina Ahlstrom, Dirk U Pfeiffer
Mathematical models of disease transmission are used to improve our understanding of patterns of infection and to identify factors influencing them. During recent public and animal health crises, such as pandemic influenza, Ebola, Zika, foot-and-mouth disease, models have made important contributions in addressing policy questions, especially through the assessment of the trajectory and scale of outbreaks, and the evaluation of control interventions. However, their mathematical formulation means that they may appear as a "black box" to those without the appropriate mathematical background...
December 11, 2017: Epidemics
Joanna Tw Chu, Man Ping Wang, Chen Shen, Kasisomayajula Viswanath, Tai Hing Lam, Sophia Siu Chee Chan
BACKGROUND: The Internet has become an established source for health information. The number of individuals using the Internet to search for health information, ranging from healthy lifestyle advice to treatment and diseases, continues to grow. Scholars have emphasized the need to give greater voice and influence to health consumers. Hong Kong, being one of the most technologically advanced and connected cities in the world, has one of the highest Internet penetration rates in the world...
December 12, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
Justin K Owensby, Jan Kavookjian
INTRODUCTION: To explore student pharmacists' perceptions of 1) future patient counseling, 2) use of mobile health applications (mHealth apps), and 3) usefulness of motivational interviewing (MI) in patient encounters and potential app messaging. METHODS: A cross-sectional design with first and second year pharmacy students (n=315) at a multi-campus university after exposure to mHealth app and MI curricular content. A questionnaire assessed perceptions of 1) future patient counseling, 2) using apps for personal use and professional encounters, and 3) potential practicality and usefulness of MI principles/skills in apps messaging...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Shu-Lin Uei, Yu-Ming Kuo, Chung-Hung Tsai, Yu-Lun Kuo
Telecare is defined as care practiced at a distance. It is an effective strategy for improving the self-health care management of home-patients with chronic diseases. The purpose of this study was to explore the intent to use of telehealth patients. The correlation between the self-care behaviors, the intent to use of telehealth, and the effects on physiological indicators of patients with chronic disease at home were studied. A cross-sectional study design employing purposive sampling was selected. The structured questionnaire 'Telecare Usage Intention Scale and Self-Care Behavior Scale' were used, 'HbA1c, glucose levels and monthly blood pressure measurements' were analyzed in this thirteen month study...
December 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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