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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618909/improving-adherence-to-medication-for-secondary-cardiovascular-disease-prevention
#1
Jan Keenan
Survivors of myocardial infarction are at risk of recurrent events and have an annual death rate of 5%. Advances in treatment and, in particular, the interventional management of myocardial infarction have seen important mortality gains over recent decades, yet cardiovascular diseases remain the biggest killer in many European countries. Change in lifestyle and adherence to medication to prevent further events are key to the recurrence of future events following myocardial infarction, but adherence to medication for the secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease is a profound problem...
June 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617184/patient-perceptions-of-experience-with-cardiac-rehabilitation-after-isolated-heart-valve-surgery
#2
Tina B Hansen, Selina K Berg, Kirstine L Sibilitz, Ann D Zwisler, Tone M Norekvål, Anne Lee, Niels Buus
BACKGROUND: Little evidence exists on whether cardiac rehabilitation is effective for patients after heart valve surgery. Yet, accepted recommendations for patients with ischaemic heart disease continue to support it. To date, no studies have determined what heart valve surgery patients prefer in a cardiac rehabilitation programme, and none have analysed their experiences with it. AIMS: The purpose of this qualitative analysis was to gain insight into patients' experiences in cardiac rehabilitation, the CopenHeartVR trial...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617065/unmet-needs-for-family-caregivers-of-elderly-people-with-dementia-living-in-italy-what-do-we-know-so-far-and-what-should-we-do-next
#3
Maria C De Cola, Viviana Lo Buono, Agata Mento, Mariella Foti, Silvia Marino, Placido Bramanti, Alfredo Manuli, Rocco S Calabrò
Care of the elderly with dementia represents one of the major challenges for the modern society worldwide. The burden of dementia care often falls on the family members, entailing heavy psychosocial and economic consequences. The aim of this study was to evaluate the caregiver's perspective concerning the support for disease management on behalf of the physicians and the local Sicilian administrations (Italy), and the burden of care and effects on their lifestyle, to propose new prevention strategies and service for managing dementia and caregiver's burden...
January 1, 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610847/-application-of-the-cultural-competence-model-in-the-experience-of-care-in-nursing-professionals-primary-care
#4
María Dolores Gil Estevan, María Del Carmen Solano Ruíz
OBJECTIVE: To know the experiences and perceptions of nurses in providing care and health promotion, women belonging to groups at risk of social vulnerability, applying the model of cultural competence Purnell. DESIGN: Phenomenological qualitative study. LOCATION: Department of Health Elda. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 22 primary care professional volunteers. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews and focus groups with recording and content analysis, according to the theory model of cultural competence...
June 10, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610633/health-care-users-key-community-informants-and-primary-health-care-workers-views-on-health-health-promotion-health-assets-and-deficits-qualitative-study-in-seven-spanish-regions
#5
Mariona Pons-Vigués, Anna Berenguera, Núria Coma-Auli, Haizea Pombo-Ramos, Sebastià March, Angela Asensio-Martínez, Patricia Moreno-Peral, Sara Mora-Simón, Maria Martínez-Andrés, Enriqueta Pujol-Ribera
BACKGROUND: Although some articles have analysed the definitions of health and health promotion from the perspective of health-care users and health care professionals, no published studies include the simultaneous participation of health-care users, primary health care professionals and key community informants. Understanding the perception of health and health promotion amongst these different stakeholders is crucial for the design and implementation of successful, equitable and sustainable measures that improve the health and wellbeing of populations...
June 13, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609169/a-gap-analysis-of-the-united-states-death-care-sector-to-determine-training-and-education-needs-pertaining-to-highly-infectious-disease-mitigation-and-management
#6
Aurora B Le, Lesley Witter, Jocelyn J Herstein, Katelyn C Jelden, Elizabeth Beam, Shawn G Gibbs, John J Lowe
PURPOSE: A United States industry-specific gap analysis survey of the death care sector-which comprises organizations and businesses affiliated with the funeral industry and the handling of human remains- was developed, the results analyzed, and training and education needs in relation to highly infectious disease mitigation and management were explored in an effort to identify where occupational health and safety can be enhanced in this worker population. METHODS: Collaborating national death care organizations distributed the 47-question electronic survey...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589012/-they-will-be-afraid-to-touch-you-lgbti-people-and-sex-workers-experiences-of-accessing-healthcare-in-zimbabwe-an-in-depth-qualitative-study
#7
Jennifer Hunt, Katherine Bristowe, Sybille Chidyamatare, Richard Harding
OBJECTIVES: To examine experiences of key populations (lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and intersex (LGBTI) people, men who have sex with men (MSM) and sex workers) in Zimbabwe regarding access to, and experiences of, healthcare. DESIGN: Qualitative study using in-depth interviews and focus groups, with thematic analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty individuals from key populations in Zimbabwe. SETTING: Participants were recruited from four locations (Harare, Bulawayo, Mutare, Beitbridge/Masvingo)...
March 2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558516/nurses-improve-their-communities-health-where-they-live-learn-work-and-play
#8
Meriel McCollum, Christine T Kovner, Melissa T Ojemeni, Carol Brewer, Sally Cohen
Nurses are often recognized for their volunteer efforts following disasters and international humanitarian crises. However, little attention is paid to the activities of nurses who promote a culture of health in their communities through local volunteer work. In this article, we describe nurses' perceptions of how they promote health in their communities through formal and informal volunteer work. Using 315 written responses to an open-ended question included in a 2016 survey of the career patterns of nurses in the U...
January 1, 2017: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548195/-qualitative-research-methodology-in-health-care
#9
Paula Bedregal, Carolina Besoain, Alejandro Reinoso, Tamara Zubarew
Health care research requires different methodological approaches such as qualitative and quantitative analyzes to understand the phenomena under study. Qualitative research is usually the least considered. Central elements of the qualitative method are that the object of study is constituted by perceptions, emotions and beliefs, non-random sampling by purpose, circular process of knowledge construction, and methodological rigor throughout the research process, from quality design to the consistency of results...
March 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543969/the-public-s-perception-of-the-role-of-community-pharmacists-in-wales
#10
Joanne Kember, Karen Hodson, Delyth H James
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the general public's perceptions of the community pharmacist's (CP) role in Wales by exploring understanding, awareness of services provided and potential interventions for promoting the role of CPs. METHODS: Qualitative methodology using focus group (FG) discussions exploring opinions, facilitated by a moderator (pharmacist) and an assistant. Topics discussed included the following: what a CP does; reasons for visiting; from whom they seek advice on medicines or lifestyle issues; use of traditional and newer services and promotion of services...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537205/community-pharmacists-perspectives-of-online-health-related-information
#11
Ong See Wan, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Fahad Saleem
BACKGROUND: The Internet is a resource used by health professionals as well as the public to access health information. Within this context, little is reported on community pharmacists' (CPs') perceptions of online health-related information. The objective of this study was to explore the attitudes of Malaysian CPs towards online health-related information. METHODS: A qualitative research method was adopted with face-to-face interviews, using a semi-structured interview guide...
January 1, 2017: HIM Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532480/medication-adherence-perspectives-in-haemodialysis-patients-a-qualitative-study
#12
Saurav Ghimire, Ronald L Castelino, Matthew D Jose, Syed Tabish R Zaidi
BACKGROUND: End-stage kidney disease patients undergoing haemodialysis are prescribed with multiple complex regimens and are predisposed to high risk of medication nonadherence. The aims of this study were to explore factors associated with medication adherence, and, to examine the differential perspectives on medication-taking behaviour shown by adherent and nonadherent haemodialysis patients. METHODS: A qualitative exploratory design was used. One-on-one semi-structured interviews were conducted with 30 haemodialysis patients at the outpatient dialysis facility in Hobart, Australia...
May 22, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532204/management-of-allergic-rhinitis-in-the-era-of-effective-over-the-counter-treatments
#13
Warner W Carr, Barbara P Yawn
Allergic rhinitis (AR) may be regarded as a trivial issue unworthy of the doctor's time, and with the availability of many different over-the-counter (OTC) treatments, up to two thirds of patients self-manage AR before seeking medical care. Yet, AR can have a significant impact on health-related quality of life and is associated with a greater detriment to work productivity than other chronic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. For many patients, the impact on quality of life is greater than suggested by reported symptoms and should also be a focus of treatment...
June 9, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523474/perceptions-of-successful-aging-among-older-adults-in-bangladesh-an-exploratory-study
#14
Iftekhar Amin
To analyze older adults' definitions of successful aging in Bangladesh. The purposively selected study sample comprised twelve participants who were aged over 60. Interviews using in-depth semi-structured questionnaires were conducted based on participants' chosen mode, either face-to-face, or by phone. Findings of this study support that successful aging is multidimensional - that is - for Bangladeshis successful aging encompasses dimensions such as adaptation to an aging body, financial security, family and intergenerational care, and social participation...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516820/blogging-in-infectious-diseases-and-clinical-microbiology-assessment-of-blogosphere-content
#15
Gabriel Birgand, Rachael Troughton, Luke S P Moore, Esmita Charani, Timothy M Rawson, Enrique Castro-Sánchez, Alison H Holmes
OBJECTIVE To analyze influential infectious diseases, antimicrobial stewardship, infection control, or medical microbiology blogs and bloggers SETTING World wide web DESIGN We conducted a systematic search for blogs in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines in September 2015. METHODS A snowball sampling approach was applied to identify blogs using various search engines. Blogs were eligible if they (1) focused on infectious diseases, antimicrobial stewardship, infection control, or medical microbiology; (2) were intended for health professionals; and (3) were written in English and (4) were updated regularly...
May 18, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511827/psychosomatic-aspects-of-vitiligo
#16
Felipe Cupertino, João Paulo Niemeyer-Corbellini, Marcia Ramos-E-Silva
Vitiligo is a chronic common skin disease. The asymptomatic hypopigmented cutaneous lesions are considered by many health care professionals as a cosmetic problem only; however, vitiligo can have a major psychosocial impact on patients' lives. We review some of the factors responsible for this impact, such as the general public's wrong perception of the disease, feelings and emotional responses from patients, how stressful events can act as triggers of the disease, stigmatization experiences suffered by the patients, the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity, the effects on relationships and sex life, how quality of life in adults and children is impaired, and how treatment can improve it...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501455/exploring-the-acceptability-of-the-available-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccines-in-canadian-health-care-professionals-and-immunization-experts
#17
Melissa Berman, Eve Dubé, Caroline Quach
BACKGROUND: In children, the 13 and 10-valent pneumoccocal conjugate vaccines (PCV13/10) are currently approved for the prevention of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD). Acceptability is a key consideration in the implementation of a vaccine program and it is recognized that health professional's attitudes and opinions towards vaccines are independent predictors of the success of an immunization program. We aimed to survey the beliefs and attitudes for the two available PCVs in health care professionals and immunization experts...
June 5, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493635/the-double-edged-experience-of-healthcare-encounters-among-women-with-endometriosis-a-qualitative-study
#18
Hanna Grundström, Siw Alehagen, Preben Kjølhede, Carina Berterö
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: to identify and describe the experience of healthcare encounters among women with endometriosis. BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a "hidden" chronic gynecological disease appearing in every 10(th) woman of fertile age. Different manifestations of pain are the main symptoms, often leading to impaired physical and mental health, and lower quality of life. Previous research on healthcare experiences among women with endometriosis has focused on diagnostic delay and experiences of encountering general practitioners...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490349/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-the-management-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-fatigue-with-a-nested-qualitative-element-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Micol Artom, Wladyslawa Czuber-Dochan, Jackie Sturt, Christine Norton
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is one of the most prevalent and burdensome symptoms for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Although fatigue increases during periods of inflammation, for some patients it persists when disease is in remission. Compared to other long-term conditions where fatigue has been extensively researched, optimal management of fatigue in patients with IBD is unknown and fatigue has rarely been the primary outcome in intervention studies. To date, interventions for the management of IBD-fatigue are sparse, have short-term effects and have not been implemented within the existing health system...
May 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482899/improving-access-to-health-care-amongst-vulnerable-populations-a-qualitative-study-of-village-malaria-workers-in-kampot-cambodia
#20
Marco Liverani, Chea Nguon, Ra Sok, Daro Kim, Panharith Nou, Sokhan Nguon, Shunmay Yeung
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in the expansion of community health workers programmes in low- and middle-income countries as a cost-effective approach to address shortages of health professionals. However, our understanding of the reception of large-scale programmes and how to improve them remains limited, with knowledge gaps about factors that may promote or discourage equitable access to services. This paper examines the case of the Village Malaria Workers (VMW) programme in Cambodia, an extensive community-based intervention for the management of malaria cases in remote rural areas...
May 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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