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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429916/opportunities-and-barriers-to-public-health-nutrition-education-in-vietnamese-universities
#1
Quynh Th Pham, Anthony Worsley, Mark Lawrence, Bernie Marshall
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A core challenge for low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in combating the negative effects of the nutrition transition is to implement appropriate prevention strategies to halt the increasing prevalence of obesity and non-communicable diseases (NCDs), against a background of prevailing under nutrition. There have been several proposals for the enhancement of university nutrition education for future health and related professionals who are expected to communicate knowledge of health risks to the broad community...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395034/student-travel-health-and-the-role-of-universities-and-health-clinics-in-new-zealand-to-prevent-imported-infections-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Penny E Neave, Balakrishnan Nair, Anita E Heywood
Background: Tertiary students are at risk of acquiring infectious diseases during overseas travel as they visit low-income countries, have low perceptions of risk and are unlikely to access travel health advice. Some will visit friends and relatives abroad, a group identified as disproportionately affected by imported infections. There is no national student travel health policy in NZ. This study aimed to explore travel health training of university-based health providers; academics' practices and perceptions of travel health; reasons for travel and countries visited by NZ university students, their travel health uptake and factors affecting decision making about this...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385050/-the-complaining-women-health-professionals-perceptions-on-patients-with-fibromyalgia-in-spain
#3
Erica Briones-Vozmediano, Ann Öhman, Isabel Goicolea, Carmen Vives-Cases
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is twofold: (1) to explore health service providers' perceptions regarding fibromyalgia patients in Spain and (2) to analyze possible consequences of these perceptions in terms of how health service providers construct the disease and treat their patients. DESIGN: Qualitative study. SUBJECTS/PATIENTS: Twelve health service providers (eight men, four women) involved in the care of fibromyalgia patients. Providers were from different disciplines and included general practitioners, rheumatologists, occupational doctors, psychologists, psychiatrists, physiotherapists and behavioral specialists from Spain...
April 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381266/cost-effectiveness-of-home-telemonitoring-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-at-different-stages-by-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial-enephro-rationale-and-study-design
#4
Nathalie Thilly, Jacques Chanliau, Luc Frimat, Christian Combe, Pierre Merville, Philippe Chauveau, Pierre Bataille, Raymond Azar, David Laplaud, Christian Noël, Michèle Kessler
BACKGROUND: Home telemonitoring has developed considerably over recent years in chronic diseases in order to improve communication between healthcare professionals and patients and to promote early detection of deteriorating health status. In the nephrology setting, home telemonitoring has been evaluated in home dialysis patients but data are scarce concerning chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients before and after renal replacement therapy. The eNephro study is designed to assess the cost effectiveness, clinical/biological impact, and patient perception of a home telemonitoring for CKD patients...
April 5, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375944/exploring-canadians-and-europeans-health-care-professionals-perception-of-biological-risks-patient-safety-and-professional-s-safety-practices
#5
Laurence Bernard, Agnès Bernard, Alain Biron, Mélanie Lavoie-Tremblay
Patient safety has become a worldwide concern in relation to infectious diseases (Ebola/severe acute respiratory syndrome/flu). During the pandemic, different sanitary responses were documented between Europe and North America in terms of vaccination and compliance with infection prevention and control measures. The purpose of this study was to explore the health care professional's perceptions of biological risks, patient safety, and their practices in European and Canadian health care facilities. A qualitative-descriptive design was used to explore the perceptions of biological risks and patient safety practices among health care professionals in 3 different facilities...
April 3, 2017: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342617/a-study-of-stigma-among-iranian-family-caregivers-of-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-descriptive-explorative-qualitative-study
#6
Reza Masoudi, Fereydoon Khayeri, Leili Rabiei, Kourosh Zarea
AIM: This study was done to investigate the experiences of family caregivers of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) about stigmatization in Iranian health care context. BACKGROUND: Stigmatization has been observed obviously among patients with MS but few studies have been conducted on stigma among the family caregivers of these patients. METHODS: This qualitative study with thematic analysis was done to explore this issue. Fourteen family caregivers of patients with MS were selected by purposive sampling...
April 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337843/exploring-the-role-of-the-dental-hygienist-in-reducing-oral-health-disparities-in-canada-a-qualitative-study
#7
J Farmer, S Peressini, H P Lawrence
OBJECTIVES: Reducing oral health disparities has been an ongoing challenge in Canada with the largest burden of oral disease exhibited in vulnerable populations, including Aboriginal people, the elderly, rural and remote residents, and newcomers. Dental hygienists are a unique set of professionals who work with and within communities, who have the potential to act as key change agents for improving the oral health of these populations. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore, from the dental hygiene perspective, the role of dental hygienists in reducing oral health disparities in Canada...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336155/emergency-nurses-perceptions-of-emergency-department-preparedness-for-an-ebola-outbreak-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#8
Mihirika Sds Pincha Baduge, Cheryle Moss, Julia Morphet
BACKGROUND: Ebola Virus Disease is highly contagious and has high mortality. In 2014, when the outbreak in West Africa was declared a public health emergency, emergency departments in Australia commenced preparation and vigilance for people presenting with ebola like symptoms, to limit spread of the disease. RESEARCH AIM: To examine Australian emergency nurses' perceptions regarding their own and their emergency departments' preparedness to manage an ebola outbreak...
March 20, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300952/the-individual-with-epilepsy-perceptions-about-the-disease-and-implications-on-quality-of-life
#9
Christiane Del Claro Hopker, Ana Paula Berberian, Gisele Massi, Mariluci Hautsch Willig, Rita Tonocchi
Purpose: The present study aims to analyze the perceptions of individuals with epilepsy about the disease and its impact in their quality of life (QoL). Methods: This is a cross-sectional, qualitative and quantitative study conducted in a tertiary referral hospital associated with the Brazilian National Health System (SUS). Data were collected from 30 individuals with diagnosis of refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (RTLE). The study participants responded to a questionnaire to collect sociodemographic and clinical data, as well as their perceptions about the disease...
March 9, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299161/healthcare-professionals-awareness-knowledge-attitudes-perceptions-and-beliefs-about-ebola-at-gondar-university-hospital-northwest-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Tamrat Befekadu Abebe, Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Yonas Getaye Tefera, Akram Ahmad, Muhammad Umair Khan, Sewunet Admasu Belachew, Brandon Brown, Tadesse Melaku Abegaz
A poor understanding of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) among Health Care Professionals (HCPs) may put our lives at risk. We aimed to assess the awareness, knowledge, attitudes, perceptions, beliefs of HCPs towards Ebola at Gondar University Hospital (GUH) in Northwest Ethiopia. We conducted a hospital based, cross-sectional survey among 245 randomly selected HCPs working at GUH from August-October, 2015. A validated, self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data. We calculated descriptive statistics with P<0...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299157/low-coverage-of-hepatitis-b-vaccine-and-determinants-among-health-professionals-working-in-amhara-regional-state-hospitals-ethiopia
#11
Berhanu Elfu Feleke
More than two billion people have been infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV), 360 million have chronic infection and 600,000 die each year from HBV-related liver disease or hepatocellular carcinoma. Each year more than 66,000 health professionals are infected by hepatitis b virus and vaccination against hepatitis B saves the life's of these health professionals. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and associated factors of hepatitis B vaccine coverage in a resource limited settings. A cross sectional study design was conducted...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295744/contributing-factors-for-therapeutic-diet-adherence-in-patients-receiving-haemodialysis-treatment-an-integrative-review
#12
REVIEW
Lissete González Oquendo, José Miguel Morales Asencio, Candela Bonill de Las Nieves
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this integrative review is to identify the factors that contribute to diet adherence in people suffering from kidney disease who are receiving haemodialysis treatment. BACKGROUND: Adherence to the therapeutic regimen determines therapeutic success, quality of life, and survival in patients on haemodialysis. Lack of diet adherence ranges from 25 to 86% in patients receiving haemodialysis treatment and affects patient morbidity and mortality...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290915/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-rabies-risk-in-community-members-and-healthcare-professionals-p%C3%A3-tionville-haiti-2013
#13
N Fenelon, P Dely, M A Katz, N D Schaad, A Dismer, D Moran, F Laraque, R M Wallace
Haiti has the highest human rabies burden in the Western Hemisphere. There is no published literature describing the public's perceptions of rabies in Haiti, information that is critical to developing effective interventions and government policies. We conducted a knowledge, attitudes and practices survey of 550 community members and 116 health professionals in Pétionville, Haiti in 2013 to understand the perception of rabies in these populations. The majority of respondents (85%) knew that dogs were the primary reservoir for rabies, yet only 1% were aware that bats and mongooses could transmit rabies...
March 14, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284791/treatment-and-management-of-liver-diseases-by-khmer-traditional-healers-practicing-in-phnom-penh-area-cambodia
#14
François Chassagne, Eric Deharo, Hieng Punley, Geneviève Bourdy
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Liver disorders are a major health problem in Cambodia, where some patients prefer to seek treatment from traditional healers. The aim of the study was to document the knowledge and practices of these healers in four Southern Cambodian provinces. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An ethnopharmacological survey was carried out from September 2015 to January 2016 in Cambodian urban and rural areas. Thirty-three Khmer traditional healers (KTH) were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire including socio-demographic data, healer's formation and their professional practice conditions, perception of liver diseases (types and causes of liver disorders, diagnostic methods and symptoms of liver problems), dietary recommendations given to patients, and herbal remedies used to treat them...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278496/perceived-health-status-is-obesity-perceived-as-a-risk-factor-and-disease
#15
Tommy L S Visscher, Jeroen Lakerveld, Nanna Olsen, Leanne Küpers, Sofia Ramalho, Laura Keaver, Christina Brei, Jan-Inge Bjune, Silvia Ezquerro, Volkan Yumuk
One might expect that a perception of obesity being a risk factor and disease, contributes to effective obesity prevention and management strategies. However, obesity rates continue to increase worldwide. The question arises whether obesity is truly perceived as a risk factor and a disease. This paper aims at describing perception of obesity as risk factor and disease among individuals seeking care, individuals not seeking care, the society, and different professionals having a role in the field of obesity...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270712/perceptions-of-adolescent-patients-of-the-lived-experience-of-type-1-diabetes
#16
Kathryn M King, Philip J King, Rahul Nayar, Scott Wilkes
The care and management of adolescents with type 1 diabetes presents numerous challenges that are inherent to the fears, attitudes, and perceptions of their illness. This qualitative study aimed to explore the "lived experience" of individuals with type 1 diabetes. In-depth interviews were conducted with 20 patients diagnosed with type 1 diabetes in their adolescent years to elicit their views, perceptions, and concerns regarding living with diabetes. All interviews were conducted and analyzed using the principles of grounded theory...
February 2017: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249545/patient-versus-health-care-provider-perspectives-on-spirituality-and-spiritual-care-the-potential-to-miss-the-moment
#17
Debbie Selby, Dori Seccaraccia, Jim Huth, Kristin Kurppa, Margaret Fitch
BACKGROUND: Spirituality and spiritual care are well recognized as important facets of patient care, particularly in the palliative care population. Challenges remain, however, in the provision of such care. This study sought to compare patient and health care professional (HCP) views on spirituality/spiritual care, originally with a view to exploring a simple question(s) HCP's could use to identify spiritual distress, but evolved further to a comparison of how patients and HCPs were both concordant and discordant in their thoughts, and how this could lead to HCP's 'missing' opportunities to both identify spirituality/spiritual distress and to providing meaningful spiritual care...
January 8, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223290/nephrologists-perspectives-on-defining-and-applying-patient-centered-outcomes-in-hemodialysis
#18
Allison Tong, Wolfgang C Winkelmayer, David C Wheeler, Wim van Biesen, Peter Tugwell, Braden Manns, Brenda Hemmelgarn, Tess Harris, Sally Crowe, Angela Ju, Emma O'Lone, Nicole Evangelidis, Jonathan C Craig
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patient centeredness is widely advocated as a cornerstone of health care, but it is yet to be fully realized, including in nephrology. Our study aims to describe nephrologists' perspectives on defining and implementing patient-centered outcomes in hemodialysis. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Face-to-face, semistructured interviews were conducted with 58 nephrologists from 27 dialysis units across nine countries, including the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Germany, Singapore, and New Zealand...
March 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221937/food-safety-perceptions-and-practices-among-smallholder-pork-value-chain-actors-in-hung-yen-province-vietnam
#19
Sinh Dang-Xuan, Hung Nguyen-Viet, Tongkorn Meeyam, Reinhard Fries, Huong Nguyen-Thanh, Phuc Pham-Duc, Steven Lam, Delia Grace, Fred Unger
Pork safety is an important public health concern in Vietnam and is a shared responsibility among many actors along the pork value chain. We examined the knowledge, perceptions, and practices regarding food safety, disease, and health risk among selected pork value chain actors (slaughterhouse owners and workers, people living around slaughterhouses, pork sellers, consumers, and veterinary and public health staff) in three districts in Hung Yen Province, Vietnam. We randomly selected 52 pork value chain actors to be surveyed through questionnaires, observation checklists, key informant interviews, and focus group discussions...
September 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207675/acculturation-and-self-management-perceptions-among-mexican-american-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Julie Plasencia, Sharon Hoerr, Marsha Carolan, Lorraine Weatherspoon
Because type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is disproportionately high among Mexican Americans in the United States, this study examined how acculturation influences T2DM self-management, a critical component for disease outcome. Qualitative interviews of 24 low-income Mexican American patients with T2DM were matched to their biomedical and dietary data and degree of acculturation. Greater acculturation to the United States was associated with less favorable diabetes control, fiber density, leisure-time physical activity, and more physical disability...
April 2017: Family & Community Health
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