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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347826/acceptability-of-hiv-cure-related-trials-the-challenges-for-physicians-and-people-living-with-hiv-anrs-apsec
#1
Marie Preau, Marjolaine Doumergue, Christel Protiere, Cécile Goujard, Marion Mora, Laurence Meyer, Jean-Daniel Lelievre, François Raffi, Bruno Spire, Olivier Lambotte, Marie Suzan-Monti
Essential HIV cure-related clinical trials (HCRCT) have a potentially high-risk profile in terms of participants' health, which could hinder enrollment by people living with HIV (PLWH) and healthcare professionals (HP). The ANRS-APSEC survey is part of the IAS "Towards an HIV cure" initiative, which promotes multidisciplinary research for a safe, affordable and scalable cure. The study objectives were to understand the psychosocial mechanisms underlying PLWH and HP viewpoints about future HCRCT. Six focus group discussions (three with PLWH (n = 21) and three with HP (n = 30)) were held in three French infectious disease units...
January 18, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341969/pursuing-normality-reflections-on-cancer-survivorship-care-of-lymphoma-survivors
#2
Louise S Madsen, Charlotte Handberg
BACKGROUND: The present study explored the reflections on cancer survivorship care of lymphoma survivors in active treatment. Lymphoma survivors have survivorship care needs, yet their participation in cancer survivorship care programs is still reported as low. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand the reflections on cancer survivorship care of lymphoma survivors to aid the future planning of cancer survivorship care and overcome barriers to participation...
January 16, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329530/design-and-evaluation-of-a-mobile-application-to-assist-the-self-monitoring-of-the-chronic-kidney-disease-in-developing-countries
#3
Alvaro Sobrinho, Leandro Dias da Silva, Angelo Perkusich, Maria Eliete Pinheiro, Paulo Cunha
BACKGROUND: The chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide critical problem, especially in developing countries. CKD patients usually begin their treatment in advanced stages, which requires dialysis and kidney transplantation, and consequently, affects mortality rates. This issue is faced by a mobile health (mHealth) application (app) that aims to assist the early diagnosis and self-monitoring of the disease progression. METHODS: A user-centered design (UCD) approach involving health professionals (nurse and nephrologists) and target users guided the development process of the app between 2012 and 2016...
January 12, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319390/an-exploration-of-pain-experiences-and-their-meaning-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#4
Annemarie L Lee, Samantha L Harrison, Roger S Goldstein, Dina Brooks
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common symptom in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) which negatively influences quality of life and psychological well-being. However, our understanding of how those with COPD interpret the experience of pain is very limited. OBJECTIVES: To explore how individuals with moderate to severe COPD experience pain. METHODS: Eight patients diagnosed with COPD who reported experiencing pain for greater than three months participated in in-depth interviews...
January 10, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317383/research-and-practice-based-nutrition-education-and-cooking-workshops-in-pediatric-oncology-protocol-for-implementation-and-development-of-curriculum
#5
Cynthia Chaput, Sabrina Beaulieu-Gagnon, Véronique Bélanger, Simon Drouin, Laurence Bertout, Lucie Lafrance, Cinthia Olivier, Marthe Robitaille, Caroline Laverdière, Daniel Sinnett, Marie Marquis, Valérie Marcil
BACKGROUND: Progresses in childhood cancer treatment, diagnosis, and management have resulted in childhood cancer survival rates of over 80%. However, this therapeutic success comes with a heavy price: two-thirds of childhood cancer survivors will be affected by further complications, including cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Adequate nutrition during cancer treatment is essential to ensure the child's optimal development, improve tolerance to treatments, and can contribute to lower the risk of developing cardiometabolic diseases...
January 9, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316279/bowel-health-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patient-perceptions-differ-from-clinical-definitions
#6
Claire Trimingham, Stephen McDonald, Kathryn Dansie, Shilpa Jesudason, Randall Faull, Phil Clayton, Grace Liew, Richard Le Leu, Anthony Meade
BACKGROUND: The bowel health of those with chronic kidney disease (CKD) can be affected by medications, fluid/dietary allowances, reduced activity and pre-existing medical conditions. Patient perceptions of their bowel health can differ from those of health care professionals and the burden of gastrointestinal symptoms could be inaccurately reported. METHODS: Adults with CKD, including those undergoing haemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis and kidney transplant from four South Australian hospitals enrolled in the study...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284534/perineural-local-anaesthetic-catheter-after-major-lower-limb-amputation-trial-placement-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-pilot-study
#7
David C Bosanquet, Graeme K Ambler, Cherry-Ann Waldron, Emma Thomas-Jones, Lucy Brookes-Howell, Mark Kelson, Tim Pickles, Debbie Harris, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Neeraj Saxena, Christopher P Twine
BACKGROUND: Pain after major lower limb amputation for peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a significant problem. A perineural catheter (PNC) can be placed adjacent to the major nerve at the time of amputation with a continuous local anaesthetic infusion given postoperatively to try and reduce pain. Although low-quality observational data suggest that PNC usage reduces postoperative opioid requirements, there are limited data regarding its effect on pain. The aim of PLACEMENT is to explore the feasibility of running an effectiveness trial to assess the impact of a PNC with continuous local anaesthetic infusion, inserted at the time of amputation, on short and medium-term postoperative outcomes...
December 28, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273280/epidemix-an-interactive-multi-model-application-for-teaching-and-visualizing-infectious-disease-transmission
#8
Ulrich Muellner, Guillaume Fournié, Petra Muellner, Christina Ahlstrom, Dirk U Pfeiffer
Mathematical models of disease transmission are used to improve our understanding of patterns of infection and to identify factors influencing them. During recent public and animal health crises, such as pandemic influenza, Ebola, Zika, foot-and-mouth disease, models have made important contributions in addressing policy questions, especially through the assessment of the trajectory and scale of outbreaks, and the evaluation of control interventions. However, their mathematical formulation means that they may appear as a "black box" to those without the appropriate mathematical background...
December 11, 2017: Epidemics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233802/how-when-and-why-people-seek-health-information-online-qualitative-study-in-hong-kong
#9
Joanna Tw Chu, Man Ping Wang, Chen Shen, Kasisomayajula Viswanath, Tai Hing Lam, Sophia Siu Chee Chan
BACKGROUND: The Internet has become an established source for health information. The number of individuals using the Internet to search for health information, ranging from healthy lifestyle advice to treatment and diseases, continues to grow. Scholars have emphasized the need to give greater voice and influence to health consumers. Hong Kong, being one of the most technologically advanced and connected cities in the world, has one of the highest Internet penetration rates in the world...
December 12, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233429/pharmacy-students-perceptions-of-the-usefulness-of-motivational-interviewing-and-the-use-of-mobile-health-applications-on-patient-counseling-in-the-future
#10
Justin K Owensby, Jan Kavookjian
INTRODUCTION: To explore student pharmacists' perceptions of 1) future patient counseling, 2) use of mobile health applications (mHealth apps), and 3) usefulness of motivational interviewing (MI) in patient encounters and potential app messaging. METHODS: A cross-sectional design with first and second year pharmacy students (n=315) at a multi-campus university after exposure to mHealth app and MI curricular content. A questionnaire assessed perceptions of 1) future patient counseling, 2) using apps for personal use and professional encounters, and 3) potential practicality and usefulness of MI principles/skills in apps messaging...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232853/an-exploration-of-intent-to-use-telehealth-at-home-for-patients-with-chronic-diseases
#11
Shu-Lin Uei, Yu-Ming Kuo, Chung-Hung Tsai, Yu-Lun Kuo
Telecare is defined as care practiced at a distance. It is an effective strategy for improving the self-health care management of home-patients with chronic diseases. The purpose of this study was to explore the intent to use of telehealth patients. The correlation between the self-care behaviors, the intent to use of telehealth, and the effects on physiological indicators of patients with chronic disease at home were studied. A cross-sectional study design employing purposive sampling was selected. The structured questionnaire 'Telecare Usage Intention Scale and Self-Care Behavior Scale' were used, 'HbA1c, glucose levels and monthly blood pressure measurements' were analyzed in this thirteen month study...
December 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204434/a-qualitative-study-of-patients-experiences-of-participating-in-space-for-copd-a-self-management-programme-of-activity-coping-and-education
#12
Lindsay D Apps, Samantha L Harrison, Katy E Mitchell, Johanna E A Williams, Nicky Hudson, Sally J Singh
The aim of this study was to understand experiences of participation in a supported self-management programme for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). There is a wealth of clinical trials examining the outcomes of self-management interventions for individuals with COPD, but current understanding regarding patients' perspectives of such complex interventions is limited. Further insight may help to tailor self-management interventions and maximise patient engagement. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with individuals participating in a self-management programme, SPACE for COPD...
October 2017: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195011/experiences-with-tele-health-follow-up-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-qualitative-interview-study
#13
Line R Knudsen, Annette de Thurah, Kirsten Lomborg
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to explore the experiences of a patient-reported outcome (PRO)-based tele-health follow-up from the perspective of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and their experiences of increasing their active role and responsibility for disease control in particular. METHODS: Adopting a strategy of interpretive description, we conducted individual, semi-structured interviews with 15 RA patients participating in a tele-health follow-up. Participants were selected purposively and consecutive from both genders and with various ages, disease durations and disease severity...
December 1, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174681/parental-perceptions-attitudes-and-acceptance-of-childhood-immunization-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Thamir M Alshammari, Gehad M Subaiea, Talib Hussain, Afrasim Moin, Kazeem B Yusuff
OBJECTIVES: The widespread availability and use of vaccines have tremendously reduced morbidity, mortality and health care costs associated with infectious diseases. However, parental beliefs about vaccination are one of the major factors in achieving high vaccination rates. Thus, this study aims to assess the perceptions and attitudes regarding routine childhood immunization among Saudi parents. METHODS: A cross sectional study with a pre-tested 18-item questionnaire was conducted using 467 randomly selected parents from the Hail region of Saudi Arabia in the period between February 1st, 2016, and February 1st, 2017...
November 22, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157950/-knowledge-beliefs-and-attitudes-of-the-roma-population-regarding-colorectal-cancer-screening
#15
María Carmen Santiago-Portero, José Manuel Gómez-García, Helena Reig-Gómez, Tatiana Oltra-Durá, Juan José Gascón-Cánovas
OBJECTIVE: To identify predisposing, inhibitory and facilitating factors that may affect participation in colorectal cancer screening programs in the Roma population. METHOD: Qualitative and exploratory study by focus group technique. Three focus groups of men and three groups of women were carried out, with a total of 16 men and 18 women from the Roma population, aged 50-69 years, from the province of Alicante. A discourse analysis was performed with the PRECEDE model as an analysis framework...
November 17, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127896/student-and-preceptor-perceptions-of-primary-health-care-clinical-placements-during-pre-service-education-qualitative-results-from-a-quasi-experimental-study
#16
Semakaleng H Phafoli, Alice Christensen-Majid, Laura Skolnik, Stephanie Reinhardt, Isabel Nyangu, Madeleine Whalen, Stacie C Stender
As a practice discipline, nursing education has a mandate to collaborate with all clinical settings, including primary health care (PHC), to prepare nursing students to function effectively in different settings upon deployment. Prior to 2011, nursing and midwifery students received minimal exposure to PHC settings in Lesotho. In 2010, the Maternal and Child Health Integrated Program began working with nurses' training institutions to support PHC clinical placements. Between April 2013 and June 2014, a multi-methods study was conducted to describe the effect of PHC placements on students and preceptors...
October 19, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120965/exploring-the-views-of-individuals-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-on-the-use-of-rollators-a-qualitative-study
#17
Alanna Holz, Amanda Bennett, Amber Freethy, Nadia Rossi, Megan Tanzos, Roger Goldstein, Dina Brooks, Samantha L Harrison
PURPOSE: Although it has been well documented that the progressive exercise limitation associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease can be helped with an assistive device, such as a rollator, many individuals use it infrequently. This study seeks to explore the views of individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease regarding the use of rollators. METHODS: A qualitative study design was used. Twelve individuals with moderate to very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were recruited from an outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program to participate in semistructured interviews...
January 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118081/perceptions-of-dental-hygienists-and-dentists-about-preventing-early-childhood-caries-a-qualitative-study
#18
Alice M Horowitz, Dushanka V Kleinman, Wendy Child, Sarah D Radice, Catherine Maybury
Purpose: The objective of this qualitative pilot study was to gain an in-depth understanding of dental hygienists and dentists perspectives regarding children's oral health and what needs to be done to prevent early childhood caries (ECC), the most frequent chronic disease of childhood.Methods: A skilled facilitator conducted four focus groups and four phone interviews with 20 dental hygienists and 17 dentists practicing in a variety of locations within the state of Maryland. The interview guide was based on results from previous state-wide surveys of dental hygienists and dentists...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072214/self-perception-of-patients-after-periodontal-treatment-a-longitudinal-study
#19
Amanda Finger Stadler, Rachel Romagna, Vanessa Rossi, Daniele Morosini Costa, Sabrina Carvalho Gomes
AIMS: To investigate the perceptions of subjects regarding nonsurgical periodontal treatment over a period of 1 year. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This is a secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial, in a longitudinal observational design. METHODS: Nineteen subjects (47.24 ± 6.47 years) with moderate to severe periodontitis completed a questionnaire at two different times after a nonsurgical periodontal treatment: 30 (T1) and 390 days (T2)...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068079/visually-enhanced-education-and-immunization-perceptions-in-low-income-parents
#20
Michelle M Papapchrisanthou, Deborah G Loman
OBJECTIVE: Despite immunizations being an effective health promotion intervention, about 28% of children are not up-to-date on the combined seven-vaccine series by 35 months of age in the United States. Identifying innovative techniques to increase immunization literacy is crucial to the health and well-being of children. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Based on the theory of multimedia learning, this study examined whether the use of visually enhanced education (VEE) positively impacted parental perception of immunization effectiveness, perceived knowledge of disease, comfort with immunization decision making, and satisfaction with the provider...
October 25, 2017: Public Health Nursing
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