Read by QxMD icon Read

health professional and perception and disease

A Robertson, R J Delahay, G J Wilson, I J Vernon, R A McDonald, J Judge
Knowledge of badger distribution is important for the management of bovine tuberculosis. At the farm level, typically the only information on badger activity available is from the farmers themselves. This study compares how well farmer perceptions of badger activity match data obtained from ecological surveys. Farmer estimates of numbers of badger setts (burrows) surrounding their farms were generally correlated with field survey results, but tended to be underestimates. Farmers correctly recorded 50 per cent of setts recorded in surveys, with larger setts and active setts more likely to be correctly recorded...
October 18, 2016: Veterinary Record
R Perlstein, S McCoombe, C Shaw, C Nowson
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the perceived importance, knowledge and confidence in nutritional management in a sample of Australian medical students undertaking a 4-year postgraduate medical degree. STUDY DESIGN/METHODS: In 2015, students in years 1-4 were anonymously surveyed to assess students' perceived importance of nutrition, and knowledge and confidence in nutritional management. RESULTS: A total of 131 first and second year (preclinical/yr 1-2) medical students (46% response rate) and 66 third and fourth year (clinical/yr 3-4) students (24% response rate) completed the questionnaire...
October 13, 2016: Public Health
Bvudzai Priscilla Magadzire, Bruno Marchal, Kim Ward
BACKGROUND: The rising demand for chronic disease treatment and the barriers to accessing these medicines have led to the development of novel models for distributing medicines in South Africa's public sector, including distribution away from health centres, known as community-based distribution (CBD). In this article, we provide a typology of CBD models and outline perceived facilitators and barriers to their implementation using an adapted health systems framework with a view to analysing how future policy decisions on CBD could impact existing models and the health system as a whole...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
Ingrid Ølfarnes Røysland, Febe Friberg, Berit Støre Brinchmann, Sunniva Nordeide Svello, Torstein Valborgland, Alf Inge Larsen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explain the transitional process that individuals with unexplained chest pain undergo while participating in an exercise training programme over time. BACKGROUND: Angina-like chest pain in patients with no obstructive coronary artery disease is a growing problem. Functional limitations, restricted daily activities and reduced quality of life are reported. In addition, physical activity is avoided in this population. DESIGN: The study follows a qualitative classic grounded theory (Glaser 1967)...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Carlos Roncero, Néstor Szerman, Antonio Terán, Carlos Pino, José María Vázquez, Elena Velasco, Marta García-Dorado, Miguel Casas
BACKGROUND: There is a need to evaluate the professionals' perception about the consequences of the lack of therapeutic adherence in the evolution of patients with co-occurring disorders. METHODS: An online survey, released on the Socidrogalcohol [Spanish Scientific Society for Research on Alcohol, Alcoholism and other Drug Addictions] and Sociedad Española de Patología Dual [the Spanish Society of Dual Pathology] web pages, was answered by 250 professionals who work in different types of Spanish health centers where dual diagnosis patients are assisted...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Marie Lavesen, Steen Ladelund, Addie J Frederiksen, Bjarne Ø Lindhardt, Dorthe Overgaard
INTRODUCTION: Readmissions reduce quality of life and increase mortality. Furthermore, disease severity and shortened length of stay make it difficult to support disease management during admission. The aim of this study was to explore whether telephone follow-up after discharge may reduce readmission rates, lower mortality and improve disease management in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: This was a randomised controlled trial (n = 224) with nurse-initiated telephone intervention after discharge...
October 2016: Danish Medical Journal
Hugo Carlos Pedroso, Cláudia Giglio de Oliveira Gonçalves
Objective: The article aims to analyze the perception and knowledge of health professionals working in primary health care networks in the Municipality of Curitiba - Paraná, regarding the compulsory notification of Induced Hearing Loss Noise (NIHL) in the National Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN). Methods: We performed a transversal cohort study in Curitiba, analyzing perception and knowledge of health professionals working in the primary health care networks in the Municipality of Curitiba, regarding the compulsory notification of NIHL in SINAN, from 2007 to 2014, featuring the reported cases and exploring the situational analysis of the NIHL notification, through a questionnaire and a structured news conference...
September 26, 2016: CoDAS
K Pateman, N Cockburn, J Campbell, P J Ford
OBJECTIVES: The symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS) can affect oral care and access to dental services, but there is limited literature describing the oral health and perceived oral healthcare needs of people with MS. This study aimed to explore the oral health experiences, oral health behaviours and barriers to accessing dental care perceived by people living with MS in Australia. METHODS: Six focus groups were held across two metropolitan areas (Brisbane, Queensland and Melbourne, Victoria) and one regional area (Toowoomba, Queensland)...
September 28, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Kumiko Imahashi, Reiko Fukatsu, Yasoichi Nakajima, Megumi Nakamura, Tateo Ito, Mariko Horigome, Yuichiro Haruna, Tatsuya Noda, Yasuto Itoyama
A number of persons with an intractable disease (ID) experience work-related problems that could lead to job loss. The aim of this study was to ascertain perceptions regarding a range of work-related issues and corresponding support needs of individuals with an ID. Potential participants were people ages 15 to 64 with one of the 130 intractable chronic diseases designated in the Act to Comprehensively Support the Daily and Social Activities of Persons with Disabilities (Comprehensive Support for the Disabled Act)...
August 2016: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
Anna Porteous, Felicity Dewhurst, William Keith Gray, Paul Coulter, Ulka Karandikar, Rachel Kiltie, Lucy Lowery, Fiona MacCormick, Ann Paxton, Jonathan Pickard, Grace Rowley, Jennifer Vidrine, Rowan Walmsley, Kerry Waterfield, Donna Weiand, Eleanor Grogan
OBJECTIVES: The UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) indicate that palliative care patients are at high risk of delirium and should be screened for it using the short confusion assessment method (short CAM). This study aimed to assess the perceptions of the short CAM for delirium screening amongst health-care workers in specialist palliative care inpatient units (SPCUs) and to investigate its use as a screening instrument. METHODS: Patients in 5 SPCUs in the North East of England were screened for delirium using the short CAM and a staff survey assessed the acceptability of the short-CAM in this setting...
September 2, 2016: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
Uwe Klaus Zettl, Ulrike Bauer-Steinhusen, Thomas Glaser, Klaus Hechenbichler, Michael Hecker
BACKGROUND: Due to the preventive nature of disease-modifying therapies for multiple sclerosis, treatment success particularly depends on adherence to therapeutic regimens and patients' perception of treatment efficacy. The latter is strongly influenced by the confidence in the involved health care professionals and the relationship to the treating physician. METHODS: In this report, we considered physicians' and patients' evaluation of satisfaction with interferon beta-1b treatment efficacy for assessing the congruence in ratings...
September 21, 2016: BMC Neurology
Augustin Balekouzou, Ping Yin, Christian Maucler Pamatika, Sylvain Wilfrid Nambei, Marceline Djeintote, Eric Doromandji, Andre Richard Gouaye, Pascal Gastien Yamba, Elysee Ephraim Guessy, Bertrand Ba-Mpoutou, Dieubeni Rawago Mandjiza, Chang Shu, Minghui Yin, Zhen Fu, Tingting Qing, Mingming Yan, Grace Mella, Boniface Koffi
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women worldwide. High breast cancer mortality has been attributed to lack of public awareness of the disease. Little is known about the level of knowledge of breast cancer in Central African Republic. This study aimed to investigate the knowledge of health professionals on breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 158 health professionals (27 medical; 131 paramedical) in 17 hospitals in Bangui using a self-administered questionnaire...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Jennifer Chamberlain-Salaun, Jane Mills, Priya M Kevat, Marc G W Rémond, Graeme P Maguire
BACKGROUND: Rheumatic fever (RF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) cause considerable morbidity and mortality amongst Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations. Secondary antibiotic prophylaxis in the form of 4-weekly benzathine penicillin injections is the mainstay of control programs. Evidence suggests, however, that delivery rates of such prophylaxis are poor. METHODS: This qualitative study used semi-structured interviews with patients, parents/care givers and health professionals, to explore the enablers of and barriers to the uptake of secondary prophylaxis...
2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Daniel J Decker, Krysten Schuler, Ann B Forstchen, Margaret A Wild, William F Siemer
A significant development in wildlife management is the mounting concern of wildlife professionals and the public about wildlife health and diseases. Concurrently, the wildlife profession is reexamining implications of managing wildlife populations as a public trust and the concomitant obligation to ensure the quality (i.e., health) and sustainability of wildlife. It is an opportune time to emphasize the importance of wildlife health, specifically to advocate for comprehensive and consistent integration of wildlife health in wildlife management...
October 2016: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Chin Hai Teo, Chirk Jenn Ng, Andrew Booth, Alan White
RATIONALE: Men have poorer health status and are less likely to attend health screening compared to women. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review presents current evidence on the barriers and facilitators to engaging men in health screening. METHODS: We included qualitative, quantitative and mixed-method studies identified through five electronic databases, contact with experts and reference mining. Two researchers selected and appraised the studies independently...
September 2016: Social Science & Medicine
M Dąbrowska-Bender, B Michałowicz, L Pączek
INTRODUCTION: Organ transplantation for many patients with end-stage liver disease is a life-saving operation. Progressing at a time and usually irreversible damage to the organ directly leads to many life-threatening complications as well as to progressive deterioration in health and the quality of life (QOL). On the other hand, the assessment of QOL after liver transplantation, apart from the survival analysis, should take into account general health perception, physical activity, a place in the family and in the environment, as well as the patient's social and professional activity...
June 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Katarzyna Nowicka-Sauer, Krzysztof Jarmoszewicz, Małgorzata Pietrzykowska, Sebastian Batkiewicz
OBJECTIVES: Understanding a patient's perspective has received increased attention. Awaiting heart transplant remains a great challenge, not only for patients and their families but also for health professionals. This particular challenge has multiple aspects, the most important being the psychological one. Understanding candidates for heart transplant is vital for all caregivers. In this study, our aim was to present the individual's experience of awaiting heart transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Structured interviews and the Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self Measure, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Illness Cognition Questionnaire, and the Illness Perception Questionnaire-Revised measurements were performed in 2 male patients (60 and 61 years old) who were on heart transplant wait list...
August 2, 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Rama Greenfield, Ellen Busink, Cybele P Wong, Eva Riboli-Sasco, Geva Greenfield, Azeem Majeed, Josip Car, Petra A Wark
BACKGROUND: Professional truck drivers, as other shift workers, have been identified as a high-risk group for various health conditions including cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, sleep apnoea and stress. Mobile health technologies can potentially improve the health and wellbeing of people with a sedentary lifestyle such as truck drivers. Yet, only a few studies on health promotion interventions related to mobile health technologies for truck drivers have been conducted. We aimed to explore professional truck drivers' views on health promotion delivered via mobile health technologies such as wearable devices...
2016: BMC Public Health
OA Sowande, Ao Talabi, Sa Olowookere, Adejuyigbe, Fj Owotade
BACKGROUND: HIV exposed children could require surgical procedures when ill. This study assessed how paediatric HIV/AIDS affected surgical practice among Nigerian paediatric surgeons. METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional study among consenting paediatric surgeons completing a self-administered questionnaire on the current practices and perception on HIV/AIDS in relation to their surgical practice. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. RESULTS: Thirty eight out of forty two copies of questionnaire distributed were completed and included in analysis giving a response rate of 92...
December 2015: African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
M J Hayes, J P Wallace, A Coxon
OBJECTIVES: Effective dietary counselling in a dental setting can significantly reduce the risk of oral disease. However, studies suggest that dental professionals are not instigating dietary advice on a regular basis, and there is a lack of current information of the barriers experienced that limit the delivery of dietary advice. The aim of this study was to investigate the current attitudes and practice behaviours of dental hygienists and oral health therapists in NSW, Australia, regarding dietary advice, and identify the barriers that limit its delivery...
July 26, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"