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health professional and perception and disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774584/-i-can-see-fine-patient-knowledge-of-eye-care
#1
Elizabeth L Irving, Alisa M Sivak, Marlee M Spafford
PURPOSE: To learn more about the perceptions and attitudes toward eye care of members of the public - in particular, their knowledge of the purpose, components and providers of eye examinations, their ability to self-monitor ocular status and their awareness of major sight threatening eye conditions. METHODS: This study used the qualitative research strategy, grounded theory. Participants were recruited via poster and social media. Two researchers, one with optometric knowledge and one without, moderated seven 60- to 90-min, semi-structured focus group discussions, which were audiotaped and transcribed...
May 17, 2018: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736043/perceptions-of-hospital-pharmacists-concerning-clinical-research-a-survey-study
#2
Robin Lee, Karen Dahri, Tim T Y Lau, Stephen Shalansky
Background: Few studies have attempted to determine the proportion of Canadian hospital pharmacists involved in clinical research, despite a general consensus that research should be an essential component of a pharmacist's professional role. Objectives: The primary objective was to characterize the involvement in clinical pharmacy research of hospital pharmacists in the 4 health authorities of the Lower Mainland of British Columbia (collectively known as the Lower Mainland Pharmacy Services)...
March 2018: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707657/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-kap-towards-vaccinations-in-the-school-settings-an-explorative-survey
#3
M Riccò, L Vezzosi, G Gualerzi, C Signorelli
Background: Past researches have shown that schoolteachers' (STs) interventions maximize the consent for vaccination programs. European data regarding knowledge, attitudes and practices of STs towards vaccination are otherwise lacking. Objectives: The aim of this study was therefore to evaluate knowledge and attitudes of STs regarding vaccinations in a sample from North Italy. Material and methods: In this cross sectional study, 154 STs from Lombardy region (Northern Italy) responded to a specific questionnaire assessing their attitude towards vaccination and vaccine related knowledge...
December 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689385/pre-travel-health-seeking-practices-of-umrah-pilgrims-departing-from-assiut-international-airport-egypt
#4
Mirette M Aziz, Hosnia S Abd El-Megeed, Mennat Allah M Abd Ellatif
OBJECTIVES: to assess the health seeking practices and their determinants among Umrah pilgrims departing from Assiut international Airport. METHODS: We interviewed 300 pilgrims departing from Assiut International Airport while they were in the departure lounge, using a semi-structured questionnaire. RESULTS: Only 60%, 46.3% and 46.3% of Umrah pilgrims believed in importance of pre-travel vaccination, seeking health information, and health examination, respectively...
April 22, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682511/preferences-of-older-adults-and-their-families-for-meaningful-use-clinical-summaries
#5
Karen Colorafi, Robert A Greenes, Marc Kates
Background: This study assessed the perceptions of older adults regarding the plan of care (POC) contained in the clinical summary mandated by the Electronic Health Records (EHR) Incentive Program. Methods: A qualitative descriptive design was selected for this study. Older adults (≥65) with chronic cardiac diagnoses were invited to participate. The investigator shadowed the physician during the patient encounter, interviewed the patients following their encounter, and asked patients to complete standard health literacy and cognitive screening tools and the Patient Activation Measure...
2018: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678798/analysis-of-college-students-personal-health-information-activities-online-survey
#6
Sujin Kim, Donghee Sinn, Sue Yeon Syn
BACKGROUND: With abundant personal health information at hand, individuals are faced with a critical challenge in evaluating the informational value of health care records to keep useful information and discard that which is determined useless. Young, healthy college students who were previously dependents of adult parents or caregivers are less likely to be concerned with disease management. Personal health information management (PHIM) is a special case of personal information management (PIM) that is associated with multiple interactions among varying stakeholders and systems...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670007/prevalence-of-self-reported-gluten-related-disorders-and-adherence-to-a-gluten-free-diet-in-salvadoran-adult-population
#7
Noé Ontiveros, Cecilia Ivonne Rodríguez-Bellegarrigue, Gerardo Galicia-Rodríguez, Marcela de Jesús Vergara-Jiménez, Elia María Zepeda-Gómez, Jesús Gilberto Arámburo-Galvez, Martina Hilda Gracia-Valenzuela, Francisco Cabrera-Chávez
Gluten-related disorders are not considered of relevance at public health level in Central America. The prevalence of gluten-related disorders, and adherence to a gluten-free diet, remain unknown in the Central American region. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of the Central American population from San Salvador, El Salvador, to estimate the prevalence rates of self-reported gluten-related disorders and adherence to a gluten-free diet. 1326 individuals were surveyed. Self-reported prevalence rates were (95% Confidence Interval): gluten sensitivity 3...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660091/context-before-implementation-a-qualitative-study-of-decision-makers-views-of-a-peer-led-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness-in-supportive-housing
#8
Leopoldo J Cabassa, Ana Stefancic
People with serious mental illness die at an earlier age than people in the general population largely due to cardiovascular disease. Healthy lifestyle interventions can help reduce this health inequity. In this qualitative study, we examined the perceptions that decision makers in supportive housing agencies had toward a peer-led healthy lifestyle intervention and their views of contextual factors that could shape implementation at these agencies. A purposive sample of 12 decision makers from three supportive housing agencies was recruited...
April 4, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623157/collaborative-comanagement-between-neurohospitalists-and-internal-medicine-hospitalists-decreases-provider-costs-and-enhances-satisfaction-with-neurology-care-at-an-academic-medical-center
#9
James G Greene
Background and Purpose: The majority of academic medical centers are moving to a neurohospitalist model of care for hospital neurology coverage. Potential benefits over a more traditional academic model of patient care include greater expertise in acute neurologic disease, increased efficiency, and improved availability to patients, providers, and learners. Despite these perceived advantages, switching to a neurohospitalist model can come at substantial financial cost, so finding ways to maximize the positive impact of a limited number of neurohospitalists is very important to the future health of academic neurology departments...
April 2018: Neurohospitalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594486/perceptions-of-care-and-patient-reported-outcomes-in-people-living-with-neuroendocrine-tumours
#10
Vanessa L Beesley, Matthew Burge, Monica Dumbrava, Jack Callum, Rachel E Neale, David K Wyld
BACKGROUND: Neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) are rare, and when metastatic NETs are incurable, the tumours are frequently slowly growing. Patients may be confronted with disease-specific problems and distinct issues when accessing health-care. We aimed to assess perceptions of care coordination, identify unmet needs, and examine if these varied by whether patients received specialist oncology care in a single hospital or shared between that and another hospital. We also quantified anxiety, depression, and NET-related physical symptoms...
March 29, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580062/service-user-preferences-for-diabetes-education-in-remote-and-rural-areas-of-the-highlands-and-islands-of-scotland
#11
Jenny Hall, Fiona Skinner, Phil Tilley, Sandra MacRury
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes prevalence in Scotland is 5.3%, with type 2 diabetes accounting for 86.7% of all cases in the National Health Service Highlands health board area and 85.7% in the Western Isles. Structured education is a key component in the management of this chronic disease. However, current group session models are less feasible in lower-population non-urban environments due to distance, participant numbers and access to appropriately trained healthcare professionals. Group sessions may also be a less attractive option in small communities, where people tend to have close day-to-day personal contact...
March 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530904/drivers-for-successful-long-term-lifestyle-change-the-role-of-e-health-a-qualitative-interview-study
#12
Carl Joakim Brandt, Jane Clemensen, Jesper Bo Nielsen, Jens Søndergaard
OBJECTIVES: Assisting patients in lifestyle change using collaborative e-health tools can be an efficient treatment for non-communicable diseases like diabetes, cardiovascular disease and chronic obstructive lung disease that are caused or aggravated by unhealthy living in the form of unhealthy diet, physical inactivity or tobacco smoking. In a prospective pilot study, we tested an online collaborative e-health tool in general practice. The aim of this study was to identify drivers of importance for long-term personal lifestyle changes from a patient perspective when using a collaborative e-health tool, including the support of peers and healthcare professionals...
March 12, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520441/optimal-cancer-care-what-essential-elements-of-care-would-help-haematological-cancer-patients-obtain-and-understand-information-about-their-disease-and-its-treatment-and-impact
#13
Jamie Bryant, Rochelle Smits, Heidi Turon, Rob Sanson-Fisher, Jennifer Engel
PURPOSE: To describe the perceptions of haematological cancer patients about the components of care deemed essential to supporting them to obtain and understand information about their cancer, its treatment and its impact on their life. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with individuals diagnosed with haematological cancer. Eligible patients presenting for a scheduled outpatient appointment were invited to complete a pen-and-paper survey in the clinic waiting room while waiting for their appointment...
March 9, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504339/perceptions-of-health-professional-students-regarding-waterpipe-smoking-and-its-effects-on-oral-health
#14
Salman Shuja, Azmina Hussain, Sofia Malik, Tahir Rizwan, Muhammad Amin, Ziaullah Choudhry
BACKGROUND: Globally approximately 100 million people are waterpipe smokers and this trend also prevails in Pakistan. It has detrimental effects on general health and oral health. The objective of the study was to determine the perception of health professional students regarding waterpipe smoking (WPS) and to assess their awareness about adverse effects of WPS on oral health. METHODS: A selfadministered questionnaire based cross-sectional study was conducted among health professional students in three medical and dental institutes of Karachi from December 2015 to February 2016...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499698/identification-of-priority-health-conditions-for-field-based-screening-in-urban-slums-in-bangalore-india
#15
Sarah Abdi, Avanti Wadugodapitiya, Sandra Bedaf, Carolin Elizabeth George, Gift Norman, Mark Hawley, Luc de Witte
BACKGROUND: Urban slums are characterised by unique challenging living conditions, which increase their inhabitants' vulnerability to specific health conditions. The identification and prioritization of the key health issues occurring in these settings is essential for the development of programmes that aim to enhance the health of local slum communities effectively. As such, the present study sought to identify and prioritise the key health issues occurring in urban slums, with a focus on the perceptions of health professionals and community workers, in the rapidly growing city of Bangalore, India...
March 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496894/is-healthy-children-surveillance-being-duplicated-by-family-physicians-and-paediatricians-a-cross-sectional-study-in-portugal
#16
Susana Rebelo, Sofia Velho Rua, Joana d'Orey Leça, Ana Couto, Rute Teixeira, João Firmino-Machado
OBJECTIVES: To determine if children attend the family physician (FP) or the FP/paediatrician for their surveillance medical appointments, as well as analyse the variables associated with the parents' choice between the two physicians. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Public, semiprivate and private kindergartens in the city of Vila Nova de Famalicão (Portugal). PARTICIPANTS: Parents of children aged 6 years or less without chronic diseases, enrolled in the selected kindergartens...
March 1, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466516/-infoxication-in-health-health-information-overload-on-the-internet-and-the-risk-of-important-information-becoming-invisible
#17
Marcelo D Agostino, Felipe Medina Mejía, Myrna Martí, David Novillo-Ortiz, Flavio Hazrum, Federico G de Cosío
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to: 1) raise awareness of the volume of quality health information on the Internet; 2) explore perceptions of information professionals with regard to the use of qualified sources for health decision-making; and 3) make recommendations that facilitate strengthening health worker capacities and institutional competencies related to digital literacy. METHODS: A non-experimental, descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with a non-probability sample of 32 information professionals from nine countries...
February 19, 2018: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385819/caregivers-interactions-with-health-care-services-mediator-of-stress-or-added-strain-experiences-and-perceptions-of-informal-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-a-qualitative-study
#18
Despina Laparidou, Jo Middlemass, Terence Karran, A Niroshan Siriwardena
Background There are an estimated 46.8 million people worldwide living with dementia in 2015, being cared for usually by family members or friends (informal caregivers). The challenges faced by informal caregivers often lead to increased levels of stress, burden and risk of care-recipient institutionalisation. Aim The overarching aim of this study was to explore the experiences and perceptions of informal caregivers of people with dementia when interacting with the health care system, and whether the support received acted as a mediator of caregiver stress...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369034/regional-survey-of-mosquito-control-knowledge-and-usage-in-north-carolina
#19
Stephanie L Richards, Jo Anne G Balanay, Brian D Byrd, Michael H Reiskind, Diane M Styers
Mosquitoes are a nuisance and can transmit pathogens to humans and other animals, resulting in notable morbidity and mortality. Organized mosquito control programs conduct surveillance, source reduction, treatment of mosquito oviposition sites, and adulticiding to protect public health. However, in some regions, there has been a decline in county and municipal mosquito control programs, and homeowners increasingly contract with private mosquito control companies or address mosquito-related issues themselves at the household level...
December 2017: Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356226/-i-know-i-m-not-invincible-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-thyroid-cancer-in-young-people
#20
Stephanie Smith, Virginia Eatough, James Smith, Radu Mihai, Andrew Weaver, Gregory P Sadler
OBJECTIVE: Thyroid cancer is one of the most common cancers affecting young people and carries an excellent prognosis. Little is known about the psychosocial issues that face young people diagnosed with a treatable cancer. This study explored how young people experienced diagnosis, treatment, and how they made sense of an experience which challenged their views on what it means to have cancer. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight young people diagnosed with either papillary or follicular thyroid cancer, and analysed with interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA)...
May 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
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