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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104446/factors-associated-with-fear-of-falling-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-and-without-diabetes-mellitus-findings-from-the-frailty-in-brazilian-older-people-study-fibra-br
#1
Bruno de Souza Moreira, Rosana Ferreira Sampaio, Juliano Bergamaschine Mata Diz, Alessandra de Carvalho Bastone, Eduardo Ferriolli, Anita Liberalesso Neri, Roberto Alves Lourenço, Rosângela Corrêa Dias, Renata Noce Kirkwood
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the associated factors with fear of falling in community-dwelling older adults with and without diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Data from the Frailty in Brazilian Older People Study (FIBRA-BR), involving 4449 individuals aged 65years or older (19.2% with diabetes), were analyzed. The potential factors associated with fear of falling included sociodemographic data, chronic diseases, health-related variables and functional capacity measures...
January 16, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099787/cultural-sensitivity-among-clinical-nurses-a-descriptive-study
#2
Medine Yilmaz, Serap Toksoy, Zübeyde Denizci Direk, Selma Bezirgan, Münevver Boylu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the cultural sensitivity of nurses working in rural and urban hospitals in Turkey. DESIGN AND METHODS: The sampling of this descriptive and correlational study was composed of only 516 clinical nurses working in inpatient clinics. The data collection tools were the Socio-Demographic Questionnaire and the Intercultural Sensitivity Scale. FINDINGS: A majority of the participating nurses experienced culture-related problems...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090750/professionals-views-on-mental-health-service-users-education-challenges-and-support
#3
I Nieminen, M Kaunonen
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Mental health service users (MHSUs) may experience disruptions in their education. However, education has been shown to have a positive influence on their recovery, potentially offering them broader employment opportunities. The literature suggests that providing support for MHSUs in their educational efforts may be beneficial and is wished for by the service users themselves. However, there is a lack of mental health professionals' views on the topic in the setting of a community mental health centre...
February 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076526/perception-of-pre-and-post-hiv-test-counseling-among-patients-diagnosed-with-aids-in-adolescence-hiv-test-counseling-for-adolescents
#4
Stella Regina Taquette, Adriana de Oliveira Rodrigues, Lívia Rocha Bortolotti
Pre- and post-HIV test counseling has singular importance in adolescence, since it is a phase of great changes, and AIDS is an incurable chronic disease. In order to comprehend the perception of young people with AIDS diagnosed in adolescence regarding the counseling received upon testing, we conducted 39 in-depth interviews, with 23 in female patients and 16 male patients, and then analyzed the data with extensive reading, categorization and interpretation on a comprehensive basis. The results revealed that less than one third received pre-test counseling (30...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053511/the-state-of-multiple-sclerosis-current-insight-into-the-patient-health-care-provider-relationship-treatment-challenges-and-satisfaction
#5
Mar Tintoré, Maggie Alexander, Kathleen Costello, Martin Duddy, David E Jones, Nancy Law, Gilmore O'Neill, Antonio Uccelli, Robert Weissert, Sibyl Wray
BACKGROUND: Managing multiple sclerosis (MS) treatment presents challenges for both patients and health care professionals. Effective communication between patients with MS and their neurologist is important for improving clinical outcomes and quality of life. METHODS: A closed-ended online market research survey was used to assess the current state of MS care from the perspective of both patients with MS (≥18 years of age) and neurologists who treat MS from Europe and the US and to gain insight into perceptions of treatment expectations/goals, treatment decisions, treatment challenges, communication, and satisfaction with care, based on current clinical practice...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046044/impact-of-prominent-themes-in-clinician-patient-conversations-on-caregiver-s-perceived-quality-of-communication-with-paediatric-dental-visits
#6
Hai Ming Wong, Susan Margaret Bridges, Colman Patrick McGrath, Cynthia Kar Yung Yiu, Olga A Zayts, Terry Kit Fong Au
Patients' perceived satisfaction is a key performance index of the quality health care service. Good communication has been found to increase patient's perceived satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the prominent themes arising from clinician-patient conversations on the caregiver's perceived quality of communication during paediatric dental visits. 162 video recordings of clinical dental consultations for 62 cases attending the Paediatric Dentistry Clinic of The Prince Philip Dental Hospital in Hong Kong were captured and transcribed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033343/former-buruli-ulcer-patients-experiences-and-wishes-may-serve-as-a-guide-to-further-improve-buruli-ulcer-management
#7
Anita Velink, Rebecca J Woolley, Richard O Phillips, Kabiru M Abass, Tjip S van der Werf, Emmanuel Agumah, Janine de Zeeuw, Sandor Klis, Ymkje Stienstra
BACKGROUND: Buruli ulcer (BU), caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans, is a neglected tropical disease frequently leading to permanent disabilities. The ulcers are treated with rifampicin and streptomycin, wound care and, if necessary surgical intervention. Professionals have exclusively shaped the research agenda concerning management and control, while patients' perspective on priorities and preferences have not explicitly been explored or addressed. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: To get insight into patient perception of the management and control of Buruli ulcer a mixed methods research design was applied with a questionnaire and focus group discussions among former BU patients...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032892/facing-the-dilemma-of-patient-centred-psoriasis-care-a-qualitative-study-identifying-patient-needs-in-dermatological-outpatient-clinics
#8
L R Khoury, L Skov, T Møller
BACKGROUND: Caregivers must be aware of patients' current needs by providing care responsive to the patients' values and preferences and by identifying what approach improves and encourages patients to participate in their treatment and disease management. Patients with psoriasis healthcare needs perhaps change as medical knowledge improves, new drugs emerge and the healthcare system improves its efficiency due to constant structural development. OBJECTIVES: To explore the unmet needs and health perceptions of people with psoriasis, regarding interaction with clinicians and the structure inherent to consultations in a hospital outpatient dermatological clinic...
December 29, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010906/zoonotic-disease-risk-perceptions-in-the-british-veterinary-profession
#9
Charlotte Robin, Judy Bettridge, Fiona McMaster
In human and veterinary medicine, reducing the risk of occupationally-acquired infections relies on effective infection prevention and control practices (IPCs). In veterinary medicine, zoonoses present a risk to practitioners, yet little is known about how these risks are understood and how this translates into health protective behaviour. This study aimed to explore risk perceptions within the British veterinary profession and identify motivators and barriers to compliance with IPCs. A cross-sectional study was conducted using veterinary practices registered with the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons...
January 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009103/experts-perceptions-on-china-s-capacity-to-manage-emerging-and-re-emerging-zoonotic-diseases-in-an-era-of-climate-change
#10
A Hansen, J Xiang, Q Liu, M X Tong, Y Sun, X Liu, K Chen, S Cameron, S Hanson-Easey, G-S Han, P Weinstein, C Williams, P Bi
Zoonotic diseases transmitted by arthropods and rodents are a major public health concern in China. However, interventions in recent decades have helped lower the incidence of several diseases despite the country's large, frequently mobile population and socio-economic challenges. Increasing globalization, rapid urbanization and a warming climate now add to the complexity of disease control and prevention and could challenge China's capacity to respond to threats of emerging and re-emerging zoonoses. To investigate this notion, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 30 infectious disease experts in four cities in China...
December 23, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980488/can-we-say-cure
#11
EDITORIAL
Joseph Pizzorno
Most of the commonly prescribed conventional drugs treat only symptoms, not the underlying causes of a patient's disease. This logically leads to a perception that much of modern medicine is about management of chronic disease and prevention of more serious sequelae-not actual cures. However, most health care professionals are attracted to medicine with the mission of curing patients leading to the cognitive discord that eventually leads them to integrative/functional medicine. Though use of the term cure has been actively discouraged except in limited types of cases, perhaps true health care reform needs to reclaim this term and concept...
October 2016: Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925017/community-health-workers-perceptions-in-relation-to-speech-and-language-disorders
#12
Carla Cristina Lins Santos Knochenhauer, Karina Mary de Paiva Vianna
Purpose: To know the perception of the Community Health Workers (CHW) about the speech and language disorders. Method: Cross-sectional study, which involved a questionnaire with questions related to the knowledge of CHW on speech and language disorders. The research was carried out with CHW allocated in the Centro Sanitary District of Florianópolis. Results: We interviewed 35 CHW, being mostly (80%) female gender, with a average age of 47 years (standard deviation = 2...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922917/adherence-to-oral-administration-of-endocrine-treatment-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-qualitative-study
#13
Laura Iacorossi, Francesca Gambalunga, Alessandra Fabi, Diana Giannarelli, Anna Marchetti, Michela Piredda, Maria Grazia De Marinis
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women in the world, and it is also the leading cause of cancer deaths among women. Nevertheless, breast cancer survival has increased as a result of improvements in early diagnosis and therapy, for example, oral endocrine therapy. Despite the importance of adherence to endocrine therapy, its trend appears complex and multidimensional and therefore has many loopholes and missing information. OBJECTIVE: The study aims to explore the experiences of adherence to endocrine therapy in women with breast cancer and their perceptions of the challenges they face in adhering to their medication prescribed...
December 5, 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918262/prevalence-and-correlates-of-vaccine-hesitancy-among-general-practitioners-a-cross-sectional-telephone-survey-in-france-april-to-july-2014
#14
Pierre Verger, Fanny Collange, Lisa Fressard, Aurélie Bocquier, Arnaud Gautier, Céline Pulcini, Jocelyn Raude, Patrick Peretti-Watel
This article sought to estimate the prevalence of vaccine hesitancy (VH) among French general practitioners (GPs) and to study its demographic, professional and personal correlates. We conducted a cross-sectional telephone survey about GPs' vaccination-related attitudes and practices in 2014 in a national panel of 1,712 GPs in private practice, randomly selected from an exhaustive database of health professionals in France. A cluster analysis of various dimensions of VH (self-reported vaccine recommendations, perceptions of vaccine risks and usefulness) identified three clusters: 86% of GPs (95% confidence interval (CI): 84-88) were not or only slightly vaccine-hesitant, 11% (95% CI: 9-12) moderately hesitant and 3% (95% CI: 3-4) highly hesitant or opposed to vaccination...
November 24, 2016: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909947/vaccine-rejecting-parents-engagement-with-expert-systems-that-inform-vaccination-programs
#15
Katie Attwell, Julie Leask, Samantha B Meyer, Philippa Rokkas, Paul Ward
In attempting to provide protection to individuals and communities, childhood immunization has benefits that far outweigh disease risks. However, some parents decide not to immunize their children with some or all vaccines for reasons including lack of trust in governments, health professionals, and vaccine manufacturers. This article employs a theoretical analysis of trust and distrust to explore how twenty-seven parents with a history of vaccine rejection in two Australian cities view the expert systems central to vaccination policy and practice...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906041/implementation-of-the-better-2-program-a-qualitative-study-exploring-barriers-and-facilitators-of-a-novel-way-to-improve-chronic-disease-prevention-and-screening-in-primary-care
#16
Nicolette Sopcak, Carolina Aguilar, Mary Ann O'Brien, Candace Nykiforuk, Kris Aubrey-Bassler, Richard Cullen, Eva Grunfeld, Donna Patricia Manca
BACKGROUND: BETTER (Building on Existing Tools to Improve Chronic Disease Prevention and Screening in Primary Care) is a patient-based intervention to improve chronic disease prevention and screening (CDPS) for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, and associated lifestyle factors in patients aged 40 to 65. The key component of BETTER is a prevention practitioner (PP), a health care professional with specialized skills in CDPS who meets with patients to develop a personalized prevention prescription, using the BETTER toolkit and Brief Action Planning...
December 1, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883003/opportunities-to-develop-the-professional-role-of-community-pharmacists-in-the-care-of-patients-with-asthma-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Kim Watkins, Aline Bourdin, Michelle Trevenen, Kevin Murray, Peter A Kendall, Carl R Schneider, Rhonda Clifford
There are many indications in Australia and globally that asthma management is suboptimal. Ideally, patients need to proactively self-manage the condition with the support of health professionals. Community pharmacists are a highly accessible resource for patients but currently provide inconsistent services. General practitioners also face many barriers to the provision of chronic disease management for asthma patients. The aim of this research was to characterise patients with asthma who present to community pharmacy...
November 24, 2016: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882792/smoke-free-hospital-site-conversations-how-nurses-can-initiate-change
#18
Peter Mackereth, Charlotte Finchett, Melody Holt
Smoking tobacco continues to be the world's most preventable cause of death and disability with over six trillion cigarettes sold each year. Patients, visitors and health professionals who smoke on hospital sites present a challenge to the effectiveness of public health messages. Health professionals who ignore 'No smoking' hospital/clinic signage, and avoid smoking-cessation activity, help to sustain the perception that smoking is tolerated. Case studies, with a focus on lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), are used to illustrate how nurses can 'seed' the idea of hospitals becoming smoke-free, provide brief interventions and support patients, carers and colleagues to make that change...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875532/willingness-to-know-the-cause-of-death-and-hypothetical-acceptability-of-the-minimally-invasive-autopsy-in-six-diverse-african-and-asian-settings-a-mixed-methods-socio-behavioural-study
#19
Maria Maixenchs, Rui Anselmo, Emily Zielinski-Gutiérrez, Frank O Odhiambo, Clarah Akello, Maureen Ondire, S Shujaat H Zaidi, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Kounandji Diarra, Mahamane Djitèye, Roukiatou Dembélé, Samba Sow, Pamela Cathérine Angoissa Minsoko, Selidji Todagbe Agnandji, Bertrand Lell, Mamudo R Ismail, Carla Carrilho, Jaume Ordi, Clara Menéndez, Quique Bassat, Khátia Munguambe
BACKGROUND: The minimally invasive autopsy (MIA) is being investigated as an alternative to complete diagnostic autopsies for cause of death (CoD) investigation. Before potential implementation of the MIA in settings where post-mortem procedures are unusual, a thorough assessment of its feasibility and acceptability is essential. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a socio-behavioural study at the community level to understand local attitudes and perceptions related to death and the hypothetical feasibility and acceptability of conducting MIAs in six distinct settings in Gabon, Kenya, Mali, Mozambique, and Pakistan...
November 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865086/-knowledge-and-common-sense-of-nurses-on-the-health-s-inequities-an-exploratory-study
#20
Giordano Cotichelli, Giorgia Di Meo, Paolo Giampieri
INTRODUCTION: The data for 2015 show of a general deterioration of living conditions and health of the population in Italy. The possible effects call the nurse to become involved in the subject of health inequalities. The study was designed with the goal of assessing how much the nurses know and perceive the correlation between the state of health of the population and system inequities. METHOD: An exploratory study was conducted through a bibliographic update compared to previous work and questionnaires in convenience samples of professionals and students of nursing and evaluation of results according to the mixed method perspective...
June 2016: Professioni Infermieristiche
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