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patients and perception and disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781587/patients-concerns-and-perceptions-regarding-biologic-therapies-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-insights-from-a-large-scale-survey-of-social-media-platforms
#1
Eldin Dzubur, Carine Khalil, Christopher V Almario, Benjamin Noah, Deeba Minhas, Mariko Ishimori, Corey Arnold, Yujin Park, Jonathan Kay, Michael H Weisman, Brennan M R Spiegel
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have examined ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients' concerns and perceptions of biologic therapies outside of traditional surveys. In this study, we used social media data to examine AS patients' knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs regarding biologic therapies. METHODS: We collected posts from 601 social media sites made between 1/1/06-4/26/17. Each post mentioned both an AS keyword and a biologic. To explore themes within the collection in an unsupervised manner, a latent Dirichlet allocation topic model was fit to the dataset...
May 21, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780422/cochlear-implantation-in-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
C Lane Anzalone, Sarah Nuhanovic, Amy P Olund, Matthew L Carlson
Introduction: Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is a peripheral hereditary neuropathy associated with motor and sensory impairment and can result in profound sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Currently, the role of cochlear implantation in the setting of CMT and other progressive peripheral neurodegenerative disorders is not well established. Methods: Case report and review of the English literature. Results: A 70-year-old male with CMT was referred for evaluation of progressive asymmetric SNHL and reported a 15-year duration of deafness involving the left ear...
2018: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774584/-i-can-see-fine-patient-knowledge-of-eye-care
#3
Elizabeth L Irving, Alisa M Sivak, Marlee M Spafford
PURPOSE: To learn more about the perceptions and attitudes toward eye care of members of the public - in particular, their knowledge of the purpose, components and providers of eye examinations, their ability to self-monitor ocular status and their awareness of major sight threatening eye conditions. METHODS: This study used the qualitative research strategy, grounded theory. Participants were recruited via poster and social media. Two researchers, one with optometric knowledge and one without, moderated seven 60- to 90-min, semi-structured focus group discussions, which were audiotaped and transcribed...
May 17, 2018: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774227/identifying-what-matters-to-hysterectomy-patients-postsurgery-perceptions-beliefs-and-experiences
#4
Andrew S Bossick, Roopina Sangha, Heather Olden, Gwen L Alexander, Ganesa Wegienka
Purpose: Hysterectomy is the most common non-obstetrical surgery for women in the United States. Few investigations comparing hysterectomy surgical approaches include patient-centered outcomes. Methods: The study was performed at Henry Ford Health System in Detroit, Michigan between February 2015 and May 2015. The data were collected through structured focus groups with 24 post-hysterectomy women in order to identify PCOs to employ in a subsequent cohort study of hysterectomy surgical approaches...
2018: Journal of Patient-centered Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773941/periodontal-disease-and-diabetes-perceptions-communication-and-referral-between-rural-primary-care-physicians-and-dentists
#5
Paige M Fisketjon, Eric L Johnson
Background and objective: Connections between oral health and systemic disease, specifically diabetes, are well described in the literature. Screening strategies for diabetes in dental settings and dental screenings in diabetes care settings exist. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the communication and referral patterns between dentists and physicians in a rural state with respect to recognition of dental disease and diabetes. Methods: Surveys were sent to the members of the North Dakota Academy of Family Physicians, the North Dakota Medical Association, and the North Dakota Dental Association...
May 2018: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773688/understanding-patients-perceptions-of-asthma-control-a-qualitative-study
#6
Natalie Bidad, Neil Barnes, Chris Griffiths, Rob Horne
Asthma control is suboptimal for many sufferers despite the existence of effective treatments. Patients' self-management is influenced by their perceptions of asthma and its treatment. This study explored sufferers' perceptions of asthma control and their influence on self-management behaviours.Participants (n=42) recruited from primary and secondary care asthma clinics in London each underwent a qualitative interview exploring perceptions and experiences of asthma control. Purposive sampling ensured variation in disease severity, degree of asthma control, age and socioeconomic status...
May 17, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770722/patients-preferences-for-different-corticosteroid-vehicles-are-highly-variable
#7
Kayla Felix, Emily Unrue, Meyene Inyang, Leah A Cardwell, Elias Oussedik, Irma Richardson, Steven R Feldman
INTRODUCTION: Topical corticosteroids, available in an array of vehicles are used to control a variety of inflammatory skin diseases. Patients' preferences for different vehicles may affect their willingness to use treatment. We assess corticosteroid vehicle preference and potential impact of topical characteristics on adherence and quality of life in patients with psoriasis. METHODS: Subjects with psoriasis were recruited from Wake Forest University Dermatology Clinic...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769545/short-term-temporal-memory-in-idiopathic-and-parkin-associated-parkinson-s-disease
#8
Bertrand Degos, Ilhame Ameqrane, Sophie Rivaud-Péchoux, Pierre Pouget, Marcus Missal
In a rapidly changing environment, we often know when to do something before we have to do it. This preparation in the temporal domain is based on a 'perception' of elapsed time and short-term memory of previous stimulation in a similar context. These functions could be perturbed in Parkinson's disease. Therefore, we investigated their role in eye movement preparation in sporadic Parkinson's disease and in a very infrequent variant affecting the Parkin gene. We used a simple oculomotor task where subjects had to orient to a visual target and movement latency was measured...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766732/-remission-of-the-disease-associated-related-with-immunoglobulin-igg4-accompanied-by-multiple-lymphadenopathy-after-treatment-with-rituximab-and-dexamethasone-a-case-report
#9
Zdeněk Adam, Zita Chovancová, Markéta Nová, Pavel Fabian, Zdeněk Řehák, Renata Koukalová, Marek Slávik, Luděk Pour, Marta Krejčí, Aleš Čermák, Zdeněk Král, Jiří Mayer
A disease associated with immunoglobulin IgG4 is a rare unit with very variable symptoms. We describe the course and treatment of the disease in a patient who presented with multiple lymphadenopathy and infiltrates in the area of the retroperitoneum and pelvis and signs of chronic sclerosing pancreatitis. The disease was clinically manifested by a significant loss of weight, but also by a loss of perception of taste and smell. The diagnosis was made based on a high amount of IgG4 expressing plasma cells in the sampled tissue and an increased concentration of immunoglobulins of type IgG and mainly subclass IG4...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765926/sexual-disharmony-in-menopausal-women-and-their-husband-a-qualitative-study-of-reasons-strategies-and-ramifications
#10
Masumeh Ghazanfarpour, Talat Khadivzadeh, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari
Objectives: The goal of this study was to explore perceptions and experiences of general practitioners and midwives during sexual dialogue with menopausal women. Methods: In a descriptive exploratory qualitative study, 13 midwives and 12 general practitioners were selected using a semi-structured interview and purposive sampling method. Data analysis was conducted using qualitative content analysis adopted by Graneheim and Lundman. Results: Through data analysis "sexual disharmony" emerged as a central theme, which included three categories of reasons, strategies, and ramifications of sexual disharmony...
April 2018: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765209/using-the-frailty-assessment-for-care-planning-tool-fact-to-screen-elderly-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-for-frailty-the-nurse-experience
#11
Heather Moffatt, Paige Moorhouse, Laurie Mallery, David Landry, Karthik Tennankore
Purpose: Recent evidence supports the prognostic significance of frailty for functional decline and poor health outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease. Yet, despite the development of clinical tools to screen for frailty, little is known about the experiential impact of screening for frailty in this setting. The Frailty Assessment for Care Planning Tool (FACT) evaluates frailty across 4 domains: mobility, function, social circumstances, and cognition. The purpose of this qualitative study was as follows: 1) explore the nurse experience of screening for frailty using the FACT tool in a specialized outpatient renal clinic; 2) determine how, if at all, provider perceptions of frailty changed after implementation of the frailty screening tool; and 3) determine the perceived factors that influence uptake and administration of the FACT screening tool in a specialized clinical setting...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762118/pediatric-orthopaedic-consults-from-chiropractic-care
#12
Andy B Awwad, William L Hennrikus, Douglas G Armstrong
Alternative medicine in pediatrics is expanding, with chiropractic now a common choice for families seeking alternative medical care. Currently, there is sparse information in the literature exploring the role of chiropractic in orthopaedic pathology. The objective of this case series is to present pediatric patients who received treatment from chiropractors and orthopaedic physicians as well as to review the respective existing research. Data collected included chiropractic diagnosis, orthopaedic diagnosis, imaging studies, treatments, and complications...
2018: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761280/adverse-effects-of-media-reports-on-the-treatment-of-osteoporosis
#13
REVIEW
Cristiana Cipriani, Jessica Pepe, Salvatore Minisola, E Michael Lewiecki
PURPOSE: The review focused on the role that media reporting plays in the level of public awareness about osteoporosis and its influence on osteoporosis treatment decisions. METHODS: We reviewed the literature on the role of media on three main aspects influencing patient adherence to osteoporosis treatment: the awareness of osteoporosis as a major health problem, the perception of the effectiveness of osteoporosis medications, and the fear of adverse effects with osteoporosis medications...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757390/battery-longevity-of-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-and-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-defibrillators-technical-clinical-and-economic-aspects-an-expert-review-paper-from-ehra
#14
Giuseppe Boriani, Josè Merino, David J Wright, Fredrik Gadler, Beat Schaer, Maurizio Landolina
In recent years an extension of devices longevity has been obtained for implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs), including ICDs for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT-D) through improved battery chemistry and device technology and this implies important clinical benefits (reduced need for device replacements and associated complications, particularly infections), as well as economic benefits, in line with patient preferences and needs. From a clinical point of view, the availability of this improvement in technology allows to better tune the choice of the device to be implanted, taking into account that the reasons supporting the value of an extended device longevity as a clinical priority may differ according to the clinical setting (purely electrical diseases or left ventricular dysfunction/heart failure, respectively)...
May 10, 2018: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757040/cost-savings-for-biosimilars-in-the-united-states-a-theoretical-framework-and-budget-impact-case-study-application-using-filgrastim
#15
Simrun Grewal, Scott Ramsey, Sanjeev Balu, Josh J Carlson
OBJECTIVE: Biosimilars can directly reduce the cost of treating patients for whom a reference biologic is indicated by offering a highly similar, lower priced alternative. We examine factors related to biosimilar regulatory approval, uptake, pricing, and financing and the potential impact on drug expenditures in the U.S. METHODS: We developed a framework to illustrate how key factors including regulatory policies, provider and patient perception, pricing, and payer policies impact biosimilar cost-savings...
May 14, 2018: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750550/knowledge-of-hiv-testing-guidelines-among-us-internal-medicine-residents-a-decade-after-the-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-s-routine-hiv-testing-recommendations
#16
Dima Dandachi, Bich N Dang, Rita Wilson Dib, Harvey Friedman, Thomas Giordano
Ten years after the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended universal HIV screening, rates remain low. Internal medicine residents are the front-line medical providers for large groups of patients. We evaluated the knowledge of internal medicine residents about HIV testing guidelines and examined adherence to universal HIV testing in an outpatient setting. A cross-sectional survey of internal medicine residents at four residency programs in Chicago was conducted from January to March 2016. Aggregate data on HIV screening were collected from 35 federally qualified community health centers in the Chicago area after inclusion of an HIV testing best practice alert in patients' electronic medical records...
May 2018: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748110/interoceptive-processing-deficit-a-behavioral-marker-for-subtyping-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Gabriella Santangelo, Carmine Vitale, Chiara Baiano, Alfonsina D'Iorio, Katia Longo, Paolo Barone, Marianna Amboni, Massimiliano Conson
BACKGROUND: Non-motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD), such as cognitive, emotional, autonomic and somatosensory alterations, are not ubiquitous but vary between the tremor dominant (TD) and postural instability/gait difficulty (PIGD) subtypes of the syndrome. Non-motor phenomena (e.g., anxiety, depression and apathy) have been related to representation of autonomic and somatosensory sensations (interoception), and recent findings suggest interoceptive deficits in PD. OBJECTIVES: To test whether interoceptive processing is differently affected in TD and PIGD phenotypes, by assessing both interoceptive accuracy and sensibility in PD patients with TD and PIGD subtypes, and in healthy controls...
May 5, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746974/tobacco-use-in-cardiac-patients-perceptions-use-and-changes-after-a-recent-myocardial-infarction-among-us-adults-in-the-path-study-2013-2015
#18
Diann E Gaalema, Irene Pericot-Valverde, Janice Y Bunn, Andrea C Villanti, Antonio Cepeda-Benito, Nathan J Doogan, Diana R Keith, Allison N Kurti, Alexa A Lopez, Tyler Nighbor, Maria A Parker, Amanda J Quisenberry, Ryan Redner, Megan E Roberts, Cassandra A Stanton, Philip A Ades, Stephen T Higgins
Smoking status following cardiac events strongly predicts future morbidity and mortality. Using a nationally representative sample of United States adults, aims of this study were (1) to estimate use of, and attitudes towards, tobacco products as a function of level of cardiac risk, and (2) to explore changes in attitudes and tobacco use among adults experiencing a recent myocardial infarction (MI). Data were obtained from the first and second waves of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) study...
May 7, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746286/ranolazine-for-symptomatic-management-of-microvascular-angina
#19
Erin Rayner-Hartley, Mahraz Parvand, Karin H Humphries, Andrew Starovoytov, Julie E Park, Tara Sedlak
BACKGROUND: Ranolazine is approved in the United States and Europe for chronic stable angina. Microvascular angina (MVA) is defined as angina with no obstructive coronary artery disease. STUDY QUESTION: Our objective was to assess the effectiveness of ranolazine at improving angina scores and quality of life in a Canadian cohort with severe refractory angina due to MVA. STUDY DESIGN: We administered questionnaires to 31 patients at baseline and after at least 6 weeks of ranolazine treatment...
May 9, 2018: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745452/efficacy-of-a-shower-cream-and-a-lotion-with-skin-identical-lipids-in-healthy-subjects-with-atopic-dry-skin
#20
Enzo Berardesca, Susan Mortillo, Norma Cameli, Marco Ardigo, Maria Mariano
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, pruritic inflammatory skin disease that adversely affects quality of life. AIMS: The current study evaluates the efficacy of a shower cream and a lotion, each with skin-identical lipids and emollients, in the treatment of atopic dry skin of subjects with a history of atopic condition. METHODS: In all, 40 healthy females with clinically dry skin on the lower legs were enrolled in the study and underwent 4 weeks of daily use of the shower cream and 2 additional weeks of both the shower cream and the body lotion...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
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