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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817170/hospital-pharmacists-seen-through-the-eyes-of-physicians-qualitative-semi-structured-interviews
#1
Clare Béchet, Renaud Pichon, André Giordan, Pascal Bonnabry
Background Pharmacist-physician collaboration can lead to many positive outcomes. However, collaboration between healthcare providers is complex and rarely performed optimally. Objectives To study physician-pharmacist collaboration in hospital settings, from the physician's point of view. Setting Eight regional non-teaching hospital facilities, within a local area of northwest Switzerland, supplied by an independent central pharmacy. Method Physicians were sampled using a maximal variation purposive method...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756298/an-assessment-of-the-impact-of-herb-drug-combinations-used-by-cancer-patients
#2
Saud M Alsanad, Rachel L Howard, Elizabeth M Williamson
BACKGROUND: Herb/Dietary Supplements (HDS) are the most popular Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) modality used by cancer patients and the only type which involves the ingestion of substances which may interfere with the efficacy and safety of conventional medicines. This study aimed to assess the level of use of HDS in cancer patients undergoing treatment in the UK, and their perceptions of their effects, using 127 case histories of patients who were taking HDS. Previous studies have evaluated the risks of interactions between HDS and conventional drugs on the basis on numbers of patient using HDSs, so our study aimed to further this exploration by examining the actual drug combinations taken by individual patients and their potential safety...
October 18, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736871/determinants-of-treatment-abandonment-in-childhood-cancer-results-from-a-global-survey
#3
Paola Friedrich, Catherine G Lam, Geetinder Kaur, Elena Itriago, Raul C Ribeiro, Ramandeep S Arora
BACKGROUND: Understanding and addressing treatment abandonment (TxA) is crucial for bridging the pediatric cancer survival gap between high-income (HIC) and low-and middle-income countries (LMC). In childhood cancer, TxA is defined as failure to start or complete curative cancer therapy and known to be a complex phenomenon. With rising interest on causes and consequences of TxA in LMC, this study aimed to establish the lay-of-the-land regarding determinants of TxA globally, perform and promote comparative research, and raise awareness on this subject...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609097/perception-of-risk-and-communication-among-conventional-and-complementary-health-care-providers-involving-cancer-patients-use-of-complementary-therapies-a-literature-review
#4
Trine Stub, Sara A Quandt, Thomas A Arcury, Joanne C Sandberg, Agnete E Kristoffersen, Frauke Musial, Anita Salamonsen
BACKGROUND: Communication between different health care providers (conventional and complementary) and cancer patients about their use of complementary therapies affects the health and safety of the patients. The aim of this study was to examine the qualitative research literature on the perception of and communication about the risk of complementary therapies between different health care providers and cancer patients. METHODS: Systematic searches in six medical databases covering literature from 2000 to 2015 were performed...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424888/evaluation-of-the-influence-of-pharmacists-and-gps-on-patient-perceptions-of-long-term-topical-corticosteroid-use
#5
Lisa L Farrugia, Andrew Lee, Gayle Fischer, Alex Blaszczynski, Stephen R Carter, Saxon D Smith
PURPOSE: To assess pharmacist and general practitioner (GP) advice and behaviors, as related to and reported by patients and parents of patients using topical corticosteroids (TCS) on a long-term basis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multicenter cross-sectional survey of patients (aged 18+) and parents of pediatric patients (aged <18) with a history of long-term (≥ 1 month) TCS use, assessing: TCS treatment adherence and reasons for non-adherence; beliefs regarding TCS use and safety; messages regarding TCS received from community pharmacists, general practitioners (GPs), family/friends, and the Internet; and experiences of GP and pharmacist counseling regarding TCS use...
July 17, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27354244/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-for-constipation-a-critical-review-focusing-upon-prevalence-type-cost-and-users-profile-perception-and-motivations
#6
REVIEW
W Peng, H Liang, D Sibbritt, J Adams
OBJECTIVES: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is increasingly used by those suffering from constipation. This paper reports the first critical integrative review of CAM use for people with constipation focusing upon the prevalence, type and cost of CAM use, as well as CAM users' profile, perception and motivations. METHODS: A comprehensive search of international literature was conducted in MEDLINE, Academic Search Complete (EBSCO), and Allied and Complementary Medicine Database (AMED)...
September 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27235649/-perception-of-adverse-reactions-of-chemotherapy-and-hormone-therapy-by-women-treated-for-breast-cancer
#7
Maud Jodar, Jean-Philippe Jacquin, Josette Vallée
INTRODUCTION: In Europe, breast cancer is the most common cancer among women. His treatment (TTT) can have a significant impact on daily life. AIMS: Explore the experienced short-term side effects (SE) of chemotherapy and hormonal therapy by women themselves, the information delivered and the place of the general practitioner (GP). METHOD: Qualitative study by individual interview, conducted from January to May 2015, with 14 women followed for no metastatic breast cancer after chemotherapy and possible initiation of hormone therapy, at the Cancer Institute of the Loire (France)...
June 2016: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27195450/patient-perceptions-of-a-1-h-art-making-experience-during-blood-and-marrow-transplant-treatment
#8
L Mische Lawson, J Cline, A French, N Ismael
Patients with various forms of cancer receiving blood and marrow transplant (BMT) treatment at an outpatient clinic develop chemotherapy-related symptoms and an increased desire to use complementary and alternative medicine in order to address these symptoms. Art-making offers an inexpensive way to pass time and relieve symptoms during long hours in treatment. Twenty-one BMT patients painted a tile and participated in research. Researchers used semi-structured interviews to understand patients' experiences with art-making...
May 16, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27170468/heart-rate-variability-and-cardiac-baroreflex-inhibition-derived-index-predicts-pain-perception-in-burn-patients
#9
Papaioannou Vasilios, Chouvarda Ioanna, Gaertner Elizabeth, Benyamina Mourad, Ferry Axelle, Maurel Veronique, Soussi Sabri, Blet Alice, Chaouat Marc, Plaud Benoît, Mebazaa Alexandre, Legrand Matthieu
BACKGROUND: Dressing changes induce acute pain in burn patients. This pain is difficult to predict and may be therefore undertreated. Two different non-invasive electrophysiological indices from heart rate variability and baroreflex inhibition-derived indices, analgesia/nociception index (ANI) and cardiovascular depth of analgesia (CARDEAN), have been proposed to predict and better assess adequacy of anti-nociception. The aim of this study was to evaluate these techniques as early pain alert tools in conscious burnt patients during dressing changes' procedures...
May 8, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27084337/attitudes-knowledge-use-and-recommendation-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-by-health-professionals-in-western-mexico
#10
Aniel Jessica Leticia Brambila-Tapia, Blanca Estela Rios-Gonzalez, Liliana Lopez-Barragan, Ana Miriam Saldaña-Cruz, Katya Rodriguez-Vazquez
BACKGROUND: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has increased in many countries, and this has altered the knowledge, attitudes, and treatment recommendations of health professionals in regard to CAM. METHODS: Considering Mexican health professionals׳ lack of knowledge of CAM, in this report we surveyed 100 biomedical researchers and Ph.D. students and 107 specialized physicians and residents of a medical specialty in Guadalajara, México (Western Mexico) with a questionnaire to address their attitudes, knowledge, use, and recommendation of CAM...
May 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26895323/use-of-herbal-remedies-by-multiple-sclerosis-patients-a-nation-wide-survey-in-italy
#11
A Loraschi, P Bellantonio, F Bortolon, R Capra, P Cavalla, G Costantino, A Lugaresi, V Martinelli, M G Marrosu, F Patti, M Rottoli, M Salvetti, P Sola, C Solaro, C Klersy, F Marino, M Zaffaroni, M Cosentino
Though recent progress in multiple sclerosis (MS) treatment is remarkable, numerous unmet needs remain to be addressed often inducing patients to look for complementary and alternative medicines (CAM), especially herbal remedies (HR). HR use, scarcely investigated in MS, may cause adverse reactions (AR) and interfere with conventional treatment. We performed a survey aimed at evaluating use and attitudes towards HR and factor associated to HR use. Other CAM use and attitudes have been investigated as well. Multiple-choice questionnaires were distributed to MS out patients attending 14 Italian referral Centers...
April 2016: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26893929/a-psychosocial-perspective-of-medication-side-effects-experiences-coping-approaches-and-implications-for-adherence-in-hypertension-management
#12
Irene A Kretchy, Frances T Owusu-Daaku, Samuel A Danquah, Emmanuel Asampong
INTRODUCTION: This study examined whether psychosocial variables influenced patients' perception and experience of side effects of their medicines, how they coped with these experiences and the impact on medication adherence behaviour. METHODS: A hospital-based mixed methods study using quantitative and qualitative approaches was conducted with hypertensive patients. Participants were asked about side effects, medication adherence, common psychological symptoms and coping mechanisms with the aid of standard questionnaires and an interview guide...
2015: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26817337/-personality-of-medical-students-declaring-surgical-specialty-choice-in-the-context-of-prospective-medical-practice-style
#13
Michał Skrzypek, Dorota Turska
INTRODUCTION: Specialty choice made by medical students takes into account the nature of future medical practice. Holland's congruence theory, according to which career choice is treated as an expression of personality characteristics common for all representatives of the same profession, has served as a theoretical background for own research on the subject matter. Spectacular exemplification of fit between mental resources--personality characteristics and working environment requirements, is the concept of distinct surgical personality (DSP), widely discussed in worldwide literature of the subject (although not in native one)...
2015: Przegla̧d Lekarski
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26803820/knowledge-perception-and-attitudes-of-cancer-patients-towards-cancer-and-cancer-care-local-perspective-from-saudi-arabia
#14
Ahmed Mohieldin, Abdulmoneim Eldali, Ali Aljubran
Understanding the attitudes of cancer patients towards different cancer-related issues is very important for the health care provider in order to deliver an optimal care. This survey was designed to collect data about the initial patient's perception and reaction to the diagnosis of cancer, the patient's preference regarding the disclosure of diagnosis, and prevalence and pattern of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use. Between January and December 2011, of 234 cancer patients, 42.2 % believed that eye of evil/envy was the cause of their cancers...
January 23, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26635476/the-ability-of-early-changes-in-motivation-to-predict-later-antidepressant-treatment-response
#15
Philip Gorwood, Guillaume Vaiva, Emmanuelle Corruble, Pierre-Michel Llorca, Franck J Baylé, Philippe Courtet
INTRODUCTION: Baseline values and early changes of emotional reactivity, cognitive speed, psychomotor function, motivation, and sensory perception have not been studied to any extent in unipolar depression, although they could help to characterize different dimensions of illness that are harder to capture by clinicians, give new insights on how patients improve, and offer new early clinical markers for later treatment response. METHODS: About 1,565 adult outpatients with major depressive disorder receiving agomelatine completed the clinician-rated 16-item quick inventory of depressive symptoms, Clinical Global Impression, and Multidimensional Assessment of Thymic States (MAThyS) rating scales at inclusion, Week 2 and Week 6...
2015: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26625809/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-patients-with-gynecologic-cancer-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Dercan Akpunar, Hatice Bebis, Tulay Yavan
PURPOSE: Research carried out with gynecologic cancer patients using CAM was reviewed to provide a source for discussing which CAM method is used for which purpose, patients' perceptions on the effects/side effects occurred during/after using CAM and their sources of information regarding CAM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This literature review was carried out for the period between January 2000 and March 2015 using Scopus, Dynamed, Med-Line, Science Direct, Ulakbim, Research Starters, Ebscohost, Cinahl Complete, Academic Onefile, Directory of Open Access Journals, BMJ Online Journals (2007-2009), Ovid, Oxford Journal, Proquest Hospital Collection, Springer-Kluwer Link, Taylor and Francis, Up To Date, Web Of Science (Citation Index), Wiley Cochrane-Evidence Base, Wiley Online Library, and Pub-Med search databases with "complementary and alternative medicine, gynecologic cancer" as keywords...
2015: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26604097/placebo-use-in-pain-management-a-mechanism-based-educational-intervention-enhances-placebo-treatment-acceptability
#17
Nkaku R Kisaalita, Robert W Hurley, Roland Staud, Michael E Robinson
UNLABELLED: Health care providers use treatments whose effectiveness derives partially or completely from 'nonspecific' factors, frequently referred to as placebo effects. Although the ethics of interventional placebo use continues to be debated, evidence suggests that placebos can produce clinically meaningful analgesic effects. Burgeoning evidence suggest that patients with chronic pain might be open to placebo treatments in certain contexts despite limited knowledge of their well-established psychoneurobiological underpinnings...
February 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26581376/additive-neuroprotective-effects-of-the-multifunctional-iron-chelator-m30-with-enriched-diet-in-a-mouse-model-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#18
Sagit Golko-Perez, Silvia Mandel, Tamar Amit, Lana Kupershmidt, Moussa B H Youdim, Orly Weinreb
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is the most common degenerative disease of the motoneuron system, involving various abnormalities, such as mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress, transitional metal accumulation, neuroinflammation, glutamate excitotoxicity, apoptosis, decreased supply of trophic factors, cytoskeletal abnormalities, and extracellular superoxide dismutase (SOD)-1 toxicity. These multiple disease etiologies implicated in ALS gave rise to the perception that future therapeutic approaches for the disease should be aimed at targeting multiple pathological pathways...
February 2016: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26557217/rosacea-patient-perspectives-on-homeopathic-and-over-the-counter-therapies
#19
Hossein Alinia, Lucy Lan, Sandy Kuo, Karen E Huang, Sarah L Taylor, Steven R Feldman
BACKGROUND: Rosacea patients commonly employ nonprescription therapies. The authors' aim was to understand rosacea patients' perceptions of over-the-counter products, complementary and alternative medicine, and homeopathic therapies. METHOD: A public, online discussion forum comprising 3,350 members and 27,051 posts provided a source of 346 posts on patient perceptions on alternative rosacea treatments. RESULTS: Three major themes of nonprescription treatment were identified-motivation for use, patient-provider discussions, and experience with these treatments...
October 2015: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26546447/smax1-like-d53-family-members-enable-distinct-max2-dependent-responses-to-strigolactones-and-karrikins-in-arabidopsis
#20
Ishwarya Soundappan, Tom Bennett, Nicholas Morffy, Yueyang Liang, John P Stanga, Amena Abbas, Ottoline Leyser, David C Nelson
The plant hormones strigolactones and smoke-derived karrikins are butenolide signals that control distinct aspects of plant development. Perception of both molecules in Arabidopsis thaliana requires the F-box protein MORE AXILLARY GROWTH2 (MAX2). Recent studies suggest that the homologous SUPPRESSOR OF MAX2 1 (SMAX1) in Arabidopsis and DWARF53 (D53) in rice (Oryza sativa) are downstream targets of MAX2. Through an extensive analysis of loss-of-function mutants, we demonstrate that the Arabidopsis SMAX1-LIKE genes SMXL6, SMXL7, and SMXL8 are co-orthologs of rice D53 that promote shoot branching...
November 2015: Plant Cell
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