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perception and complementary treatment

Laura S Ellerbe, Luisa Manfredi, Shalini Gupta, Tyler E Phelps, Thomas R Bowe, Anna D Rubinsky, Jennifer L Burden, Alex H S Harris
BACKGROUND: In the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), residential treatment programs are an important part of the continuum of care for patients with a substance use disorder (SUD). However, a limited number of program-specific measures to identify quality gaps in SUD residential programs exist. This study aimed to: (1) Develop metrics for two pre-admission processes: Wait Time and Engagement While Waiting, and (2) Interview program management and staff about program structures and processes that may contribute to performance on these metrics...
April 4, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
Alexandra Séverac Cauquil, Fabienne Ory-Magne, Vincent Jardiné, Monique Galitzky, Maxime Rosito, Christine Brefel-Courbon, Simona Celebrini
3D perception, which is necessary for an optimal navigation in our environment, relies on 2 complementary kinds of cues; binocular cues allowing precise depth localization near the point of visual interest and monocular ones that are necessary for correct global perception of visual space. Recent studies described deficient binocular 3D vision in PD patients; here we tested 3D vision in PD patients when based on monocular cues (m3D). Sixteen PD patients and 16 controls had to categorize visual stimuli as perceived in 2D (flat) or 3D (with depth)...
March 18, 2017: Brain Research
Megan L Kloep, Richard H Hunter, Sarah J Kertz
This study explored an intensive 3-week training program and use of psychiatric service dogs for military-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and associated symptoms. The sample included 2 separate cohorts of military veterans (n = 7 and n = 5) with prior diagnoses of PTSD. Participants completed self-report measures assessing PTSD, depression, perception of social support, anger, and overall quality of life 1 month prior to the training (baseline), at arrival to the training site, and 6-month follow-up...
March 13, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Inas Rifaat Ibrahim, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Fahad Saleem, Haydar F Al Tukmagi
BACKGROUND: The self-treatment with complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) in chronic diseases is portraying an expanding trend worldwide. Yet, little is known concerning patients' motives to use CAM in the control of blood pressure. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the self-use of CAM in the management of hypertension and explore patients' attitudes, perceived benefits, and disclosure to the physician. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A qualitative technique was adopted and face-to-face interviews, using a validated interview guide, were carried out among twenty hypertensive patients...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Louise E Craig, Leonid Churilov, Liudmyla Olenko, Dominique A Cadilhac, Rohan Grimley, Simeon Dale, Cintia Martinez-Garduno, Elizabeth McInnes, Julie Considine, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Sandy Middleton
BACKGROUND: Multiple barriers may inhibit the adoption of clinical interventions and impede successful implementation. Use of standardised methods to prioritise barriers to target when selecting implementation interventions is an understudied area of implementation research. The aim of this study was to describe a method to identify and prioritise barriers to the implementation of clinical practice elements which were used to inform the development of the T(3) trial implementation intervention (Triage, Treatment [thrombolysis administration; monitoring and management of temperature, blood glucose levels, and swallowing difficulties] and Transfer of stroke patients from Emergency Departments [ED])...
February 7, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
EunJin Lim, Janette L Vardy, ByeongSang Oh, Haryana M Dhillon
PURPOSE: Integrative medicine (IM) has received increasing attention since the 1990s, but few studies have explored the key factors of the IM model in health care. This study aimed to describe the IM model in leading centers operating in the USA and Germany. METHODS: A 28-item structured survey and semi-structured interviews were conducted in six centers providing integrative medicine in the USA and Germany, and were analyzed using a convergent mixed-method approach...
January 25, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Felicity L Bishop, Lucy Yardley, Cyrus Cooper, Paul Little, George Lewith
BACKGROUND: Acupuncture is a popular form of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), but it is not clear why patients do (or do not) follow acupuncturists' treatment recommendations. This study aimed to investigate theoretically-derived predictors of adherence to acupuncture. METHODS: In a prospective study, adults receiving acupuncture for low back pain completed validated questionnaires at baseline, 2 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months. Patients and acupuncturists reported attendance...
January 3, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Marc Labetoulle, Maurizio Rolando, Christophe Baudouin, Gysbert van Setten
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To improve understanding of patients' experience and perception of dry eye disease (DED) and its impact on quality of life (QoL). METHODS: This survey was observational, non-interventional and cross-sectional. The survey was conducted online on 706 patients with DED from five European countries (France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the UK). All patients met the following inclusion criteria: 40 years or older with DED diagnosed by a healthcare professional (HCP), not wearing contact lenses and using tear substitutes daily for at least 6 months...
December 21, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Faustine Williams, Kellie R Imm, Graham A Colditz, Ashley J Housten, Lin Yang, Keon L Gilbert, Bettina F Drake
PURPOSE: Physical activity is recognized as a complementary therapy to improve physical and physiological functions among prostate cancer survivors. Little is known about communication between health providers and African-American prostate cancer patients, a high risk population, regarding the health benefits of regular physical activity on their prognosis and recovery. This study explores African-American prostate cancer survivors' experiences with physical activity prescription from their physicians...
April 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Clare Béchet, Renaud Pichon, André Giordan, Pascal Bonnabry
Background Pharmacist-physician collaboration can lead to many positive outcomes. However, collaboration between healthcare providers is complex and rarely performed optimally. Objectives To study physician-pharmacist collaboration in hospital settings, from the physician's point of view. Setting Eight regional non-teaching hospital facilities, within a local area of northwest Switzerland, supplied by an independent central pharmacy. Method Physicians were sampled using a maximal variation purposive method...
December 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Saud M Alsanad, Rachel L Howard, Elizabeth M Williamson
BACKGROUND: Herb/Dietary Supplements (HDS) are the most popular Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) modality used by cancer patients and the only type which involves the ingestion of substances which may interfere with the efficacy and safety of conventional medicines. This study aimed to assess the level of use of HDS in cancer patients undergoing treatment in the UK, and their perceptions of their effects, using 127 case histories of patients who were taking HDS. Previous studies have evaluated the risks of interactions between HDS and conventional drugs on the basis on numbers of patient using HDSs, so our study aimed to further this exploration by examining the actual drug combinations taken by individual patients and their potential safety...
October 18, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Paola Friedrich, Catherine G Lam, Geetinder Kaur, Elena Itriago, Raul C Ribeiro, Ramandeep S Arora
BACKGROUND: Understanding and addressing treatment abandonment (TxA) is crucial for bridging the pediatric cancer survival gap between high-income (HIC) and low-and middle-income countries (LMC). In childhood cancer, TxA is defined as failure to start or complete curative cancer therapy and known to be a complex phenomenon. With rising interest on causes and consequences of TxA in LMC, this study aimed to establish the lay-of-the-land regarding determinants of TxA globally, perform and promote comparative research, and raise awareness on this subject...
2016: PloS One
Trine Stub, Sara A Quandt, Thomas A Arcury, Joanne C Sandberg, Agnete E Kristoffersen, Frauke Musial, Anita Salamonsen
BACKGROUND: Communication between different health care providers (conventional and complementary) and cancer patients about their use of complementary therapies affects the health and safety of the patients. The aim of this study was to examine the qualitative research literature on the perception of and communication about the risk of complementary therapies between different health care providers and cancer patients. METHODS: Systematic searches in six medical databases covering literature from 2000 to 2015 were performed...
September 8, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Lisa L Farrugia, Andrew Lee, Gayle Fischer, Alex Blaszczynski, Stephen R Carter, Saxon D Smith
PURPOSE: To assess pharmacist and general practitioner (GP) advice and behaviors, as related to and reported by patients and parents of patients using topical corticosteroids (TCS) on a long-term basis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multicenter cross-sectional survey of patients (aged 18+) and parents of pediatric patients (aged <18) with a history of long-term (≥1 month) TCS use, assessing: TCS treatment adherence and reasons for non-adherence; beliefs regarding TCS use and safety; messages regarding TCS received from community pharmacists, GPs, family/friends and the Internet; and experiences of GP and pharmacist counseling regarding TCS use...
March 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
W Peng, H Liang, D Sibbritt, J Adams
OBJECTIVES: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is increasingly used by those suffering from constipation. This paper reports the first critical integrative review of CAM use for people with constipation focusing upon the prevalence, type and cost of CAM use, as well as CAM users' profile, perception and motivations. METHODS: A comprehensive search of international literature was conducted in MEDLINE, Academic Search Complete (EBSCO), and Allied and Complementary Medicine Database (AMED)...
September 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Maud Jodar, Jean-Philippe Jacquin, Josette Vallée
INTRODUCTION: In Europe, breast cancer is the most common cancer among women. His treatment (TTT) can have a significant impact on daily life. AIMS: Explore the experienced short-term side effects (SE) of chemotherapy and hormonal therapy by women themselves, the information delivered and the place of the general practitioner (GP). METHOD: Qualitative study by individual interview, conducted from January to May 2015, with 14 women followed for no metastatic breast cancer after chemotherapy and possible initiation of hormone therapy, at the Cancer Institute of the Loire (France)...
June 2016: Thérapie
L Mische Lawson, J Cline, A French, N Ismael
Patients with various forms of cancer receiving blood and marrow transplant (BMT) treatment at an outpatient clinic develop chemotherapy-related symptoms and an increased desire to use complementary and alternative medicine in order to address these symptoms. Art-making offers an inexpensive way to pass time and relieve symptoms during long hours in treatment. Twenty-one BMT patients painted a tile and participated in research. Researchers used semi-structured interviews to understand patients' experiences with art-making...
May 16, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
Vasilios Papaioannou, Ioanna Chouvarda, Elizabeth Gaertner, Mourad Benyamina, Axelle Ferry, Veronique Maurel, Sabri Soussi, Alice Blet, Marc Chaouat, Benoît Plaud, Alexandre Mebazaa, Matthieu Legrand
BACKGROUND: Dressing changes induce acute pain in burn patients. This pain is difficult to predict and may be therefore undertreated. Two different non-invasive electrophysiological indices from heart rate variability and baroreflex inhibition-derived indices, analgesia/nociception index (ANI) and cardiovascular depth of analgesia (CARDEAN), have been proposed to predict and better assess adequacy of anti-nociception. The aim of this study was to evaluate these techniques as early pain alert tools in conscious burnt patients during dressing changes' procedures...
November 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Aniel Jessica Leticia Brambila-Tapia, Blanca Estela Rios-Gonzalez, Liliana Lopez-Barragan, Ana Miriam Saldaña-Cruz, Katya Rodriguez-Vazquez
BACKGROUND: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has increased in many countries, and this has altered the knowledge, attitudes, and treatment recommendations of health professionals in regard to CAM. METHODS: Considering Mexican health professionals׳ lack of knowledge of CAM, in this report we surveyed 100 biomedical researchers and Ph.D. students and 107 specialized physicians and residents of a medical specialty in Guadalajara, México (Western Mexico) with a questionnaire to address their attitudes, knowledge, use, and recommendation of CAM...
May 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
A Loraschi, P Bellantonio, F Bortolon, R Capra, P Cavalla, G Costantino, A Lugaresi, V Martinelli, M G Marrosu, F Patti, M Rottoli, M Salvetti, P Sola, C Solaro, C Klersy, F Marino, M Zaffaroni, M Cosentino
Though recent progress in multiple sclerosis (MS) treatment is remarkable, numerous unmet needs remain to be addressed often inducing patients to look for complementary and alternative medicines (CAM), especially herbal remedies (HR). HR use, scarcely investigated in MS, may cause adverse reactions (AR) and interfere with conventional treatment. We performed a survey aimed at evaluating use and attitudes towards HR and factor associated to HR use. Other CAM use and attitudes have been investigated as well. Multiple-choice questionnaires were distributed to MS out patients attending 14 Italian referral Centers...
April 2016: Neurological Sciences
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