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perception and complementary treatment

Lu Yang, Wenbo Peng, Jon Adams, David William Sibbritt
INTRODUCTION: Emerging evidence has shown that traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has a positive effect on arthritis. This research provides the first critical, systematic examination of TCM practitioners' perceptions of TCM use for people with arthritis. METHODS: An online survey was distributed to all TCM professionals including acupuncturists and Chinese herbal medicine practitioners registered with the Practitioner Research and Collaborate Initiative (PRACI) practitioner database...
March 8, 2018: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
Arin E Freeman, Patrick Sullivan, Darrel Higa, Akshay Sharma, Robin MacGowan, Sabina Hirshfield, George J Greene, Laura Gravens, Pollyanna Chavez, A D McNaghten, Wayne D Johnson, Brian Mustanski
HIV testing is the gateway into both prevention and treatment services. It is important to understand how men who have sex with men (MSM) perceive HIV self-tests. We conducted focus groups and individual interviews to collect feedback on two HIV self-tests, and on a dried blood spot (DBS) specimen collection kit. Perceptions and attitudes around HIV self-testing (HIVST), and willingness to distribute HIV self-tests to others were assessed. MSM reported HIVST to be complementary to facility-based testing, and liked this approach because it offers privacy and convenience, does not require counseling, and could lead to linkage to care...
February 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
Carlo Vecchioli-Scaldazza, Carolina Morosetti, Serena Maruccia, Stefano Casellato, Wilma Rociola, Ester Illiano, Francesco Garofalo
INTRODUCTION: To assess efficacy and tolerability of a new complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) consisting of vitamins (C and D), herbal products (cucurbita maxima, capsicum annum, polygonum capsicatum) and amino acid L-Glutammina, in the treatment of female Overactive Bladder syndrome (OAB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 90 consecutive women with OAB symptoms were enrolled in this prospective, randomized, controlled study. Women were divided randomly into two groups of 45 patients each...
December 31, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Ciara M Hughes, S D Liddle, Marlene Sinclair, Julie E M McCullough
Low back and pelvic girdle pain (LBPGP) is a common complaint among pregnant women, which increases throughout pregnancy and women use various complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies to manage their pain. Using an online survey, CAM treatments used by pregnant women in the UK and their perceptions of these therapies to relieve LBPGP were investigated. 191 women completed the survey and 70% experienced LBPGP lasting more than one week. Over half of women who sought treatment from a GP or physiotherapist were dissatisfied...
February 2, 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Jon L Wardle, David W Sibbritt, Jon Adams
Aim This study examines GP perceptions, attitudes and knowledge of complementary medicine (CM), and to understand contextual factors that influence these perceptions, attitudes and knowledge. BACKGROUND: CM use is increasing, and its influence on primary care becoming increasingly significant. Although general practitioners (GPs) often have central primary care gate-keeper roles within health systems, few studies have looked specifically at GPs' perceptions, attitudes and knowledge of CM...
February 8, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
A Valero, A M Navarro, A Del Cuvillo, I Alobid, J R Benito, C Colás, G de Los Santos, R Fernández Liesa, A García-Lliberós, R González-Pérez, A Izquierdo-Domínguez, A Jurado-Ramos, M M Lluch-Bernal, J R Montserrat Gili, J Mullol, A Puiggròs Casas, M C Sánchez-Hernández, F Vega, J M Villacampa, M Armengot-Carceller, M T Dordal
Nasal obstruction (NO) is defined as the subjective perception of discomfort or difficulty in the passage of air through the nostrils. It is a common reason for consultation in primary and specialized care, and it may affect up to 30-40% of the population. It affects the quality of life (it especially disturbs sleep) and lowers work efficiency. The aim of this document is to agree on how to treat NO, establish a methodology for evaluating and diagnosing it, and define an individualized approach to its treatment...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
Vivian Hiu Man Tsang, Phoebe Hiu Wai Lo, Fong Tao Lam, Lulu Suet Wing Chung, Tin Yan Tang, Hoi Man Lui, Jordan Tsz Gwan Lau, Ho Fung Yee, Yiu Kun Lun, Hei Tung Chan, Jason Pui Yin Cheung
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use in patients with low back pain (LBP) and to identify its correlation with demographic factors, clinical condition and psychosocial factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 278 LBP patients. Use of CAM, demographic parameters and disease duration were determined. Self-reported health status and self-rated scales assessed the effect of disease on quality of life and emotional well-being, respectively...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
Lucinda A Harris, John Horn, Michele Kissous-Hunt, Leslie Magnus, Eamonn M M Quigley
INTRODUCTION: There is limited literature comparing the experiences and attitudes of patients with chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC) to those of healthcare professionals (HCPs) treating CIC patients. The BURDEN-CIC study was conducted to better understand the experiences and ongoing needs of CIC patients and to assess their alignment versus disconnection with the perceptions and needs of HCPs who treat CIC patients. METHODS: The BURDEN-CIC study was an author-developed, online questionnaire that used KnowledgePanel® to survey individuals with CIC (n = 1223)...
December 2017: Advances in Therapy
Jenny McLeish, Maggie Redshaw
OBJECTIVE: to explore trained volunteer doulas' and mothers' experiences of doula support at birth and their perceptions of how this related to the midwife's role. DESIGN: a qualitative descriptive study, informed by phenomenological social psychology. METHODS: semi-structured interviews were carried out between June 2015 and March 2016. Interview transcripts were analysed using inductive thematic analysis. SETTING: three community volunteer doula projects run by third sector organisations in England...
January 2018: Midwifery
Adeline Abbe, Bruno Falissard
BACKGROUND: Internet is a particularly dynamic way to quickly capture the perceptions of a population in real time. Complementary to traditional face-to-face communication, online social networks help patients to improve self-esteem and self-help. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to use text mining on material from an online forum exploring patients' concerns about treatment (antidepressants and anxiolytics). METHODS: Concerns about treatment were collected from discussion titles in patients' online community related to antidepressants and anxiolytics...
October 23, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Fibromyalgia is a multisymptomatic diffuse chronic musculoskeletal pain syndrome with evidence of central nervous system dysfunction. Accordingly, non-invasive brain stimulation techniques such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) may be a complementary therapeutic resource to reduce pain perception. AIMS: To review the potential effectiveness of tDCS to reduce pain in fibromyalgia, to identify the most effective neurostimulation parameters and to delimit its safety...
October 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
Douglas Bruce, John P Brady, Elissa Foster, Mona Shattell
OBJECTIVES: Despite expanded legalization and utilization of medical cannabis (MC) internationally, there is a lack of patient-centered data on how MC is used by persons living with chronic conditions in tandem with or instead of prescription medications. This study describes approaches to use of MC vis-à-vis prescription medications in the treatment of selected chronic conditions. DESIGN: Participants completed semistructured telephone interviews with open-ended questions...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Janice Ryan
This exploratory, evidence-based practice research study focuses on presenting a plausible mesoscopic brain dynamics hypothesis for the benefits of treating clients with psychosocial and cognitive challenges using a mindful therapeutic approach and multi-sensory environments. After an extensive neuroscientific review of the therapeutic benefits of mindfulness, a multi-sensory environment is presented as a window of therapeutic opportunity to more quickly and efficiently facilitate the neurobiological experience of becoming more mindful or conscious of self and environment...
October 2017: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
Noella A Dietz, Tatiana Mijares-Cantrell, Daisy Acevedo, Debra Annane, Remberto Rodriguez, Panagiota Caralis, Silvina Levis
BACKGROUND: The increasing number and older age of women Veterans receiving care at Veterans Health Administration (VHA) requires health-care providers to adjust to their changing patient population. We explored women Veterans' self-reported knowledge of menopause, current/preferred sources of menopausal health information, and perceptions/barriers regarding treatment of menopausal symptoms. METHODS: Three focus groups were conducted at two South Florida VHA facilities in 2014, which included 30 women Veterans (aged 45-60 years) who visited VHA primary care clinics at least once in the past year...
August 14, 2017: Women & Health
Emily Fisher, Rebecca Lazarus, Ramin Asgary
We evaluated community attitudes, perceptions, and experiences regarding access and use of health care systems in Northern Malawi. Through a qualitative descriptive approach, 12 focus group discussions were conducted in 2014 with community members (n=71) in Mzimba North, Malawi. Data were transcribed and analyzed for major themes. Both formal health care systems and traditional medicine were widely used as complementary. Health care-seeking behavior was governed by previous treatment history and by whether a disease was believed to be biological or spiritual in nature, the latter being best treated with traditional medicine...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Tobias Romeyke, Elisabeth Nöhammer, Hans Christoph Scheuer, Harald Stummer
BACKGROUND: The integration of naturopathic methods into acute inpatient care has been the subject of very few scientific studies. Patient expectations of the service received in hospital are increasing, and the integration of naturopathy into clinical practice can serve as Unique Selling Proposition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted over a period of two years. In total, over 1700 patients were included in the study. The setting is an acute hospital specialising in a multimodal, patient-centred approach to treatment...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Christian Weisstanner, Livio Mordasini, George N Thalmann, Rajeev K Verma, Christian Rummel, Andrea Federspiel, Thomas M Kessler, Roland Wiest
BACKGROUND: The imaging method most frequently employed to identify brain areas involved in neuronal processing of nociception and brain pain perception is blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Arterial spin labelling (ASL), in contrast, offers advantages when slow varying changes in brain function are investigated. Chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) is a disorder of, mostly, young males that leads to altered pain perceptions in structures related to the pelvis...
August 3, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
Pinky N Manana, Lazarus Kuonza, Alfred Musekiwa, Hluphi D Mpangane, Lizette L Koekemoer
BACKGROUND: In South Africa malaria is endemic in Mpumalanga, Limpopo and the north-eastern areas of KwaZulu-Natal provinces. South Africa has set targets to eliminate malaria by 2018 and research into complementary vector control tools such as the Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) is ongoing. It is important to understand community perceptions regarding malaria transmission and control interventions to enable development of community awareness campaign messages appropriate to the needs of the community...
July 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
Timothy A Hore
Vitamins A and C represent unrelated sets of small molecules that are essential to the human diet and have recently been shown to intensify erasure of epigenetic memory in naive embryonic stem cells. These effects are driven by complementary enhancement of the ten-eleven translocation (TET) demethylases - vitamin A stimulates TET expression, whereas vitamin C potentiates TET catalytic activity. Vitamin A and C cosupplementation synergistically enhances reprogramming of differentiated cells to the naive state, but overuse may exaggerate instability of imprinted genes...
June 2017: Epigenomics
Laura S Ellerbe, Luisa Manfredi, Shalini Gupta, Tyler E Phelps, Thomas R Bowe, Anna D Rubinsky, Jennifer L Burden, Alex H S Harris
BACKGROUND: In the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), residential treatment programs are an important part of the continuum of care for patients with a substance use disorder (SUD). However, a limited number of program-specific measures to identify quality gaps in SUD residential programs exist. This study aimed to: (1) Develop metrics for two pre-admission processes: Wait Time and Engagement While Waiting, and (2) Interview program management and staff about program structures and processes that may contribute to performance on these metrics...
April 4, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
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