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intensive care dysphagia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122566/intentional-avoidance-of-the-esophagus-using-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-to-reduce-dysphagia-after-palliative-thoracic-radiation
#1
Patrick V Granton, David A Palma, Alexander V Louie
BACKGROUND: Palliative thoracic radiotherapy is an effective technique to alleviate symptoms of disease burden in advanced-stage lung cancer patients. Previous randomized controlled studies demonstrated a survival benefit in patients with good performance status at radiation doses of 35Gy10 or greater but with an increased incidence of esophagitis. The objective of this planning study was to assess the potential impact of esophageal-sparing IMRT (ES-IMRT) compared to the current standard of care using parallel-opposed pair beams (POP)...
January 26, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024718/patterns-of-dysphagia-and-acute-toxicities-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-undergoing-helical-imrt%C3%A2-concurrent-chemotherapy
#2
Laura B Moroney, Jennifer Helios, Elizabeth C Ward, Jane Crombie, Leesa F Wockner, Clare L Burns, Ann-Louise Spurgin, Claire Blake, Lizbeth Kenny, Brett G M Hughes
BACKGROUND: There is limited prospective data reporting the extent of treatment related toxicities associated with helical Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (H-IMRT) for head and neck cancer (HNC). The study aim was to investigate severity, peak incidence and recovery patterns of dysphagia and related toxicities in patients undergoing H-IMRT±chemotherapy to examine when patients are experiencing symptoms requiring supportive clinical care. METHODS: Prospective study of 212 patients undergoing H-IMRT...
January 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983872/recovery-of-dysphagia-symptoms-after-oral-endotracheal-intubation-in-ards-survivors-a-5-year-longitudinal-study
#3
Martin B Brodsky, Minxuan Huang, Carl Shanholtz, Pedro A Mendez-Tellez, Jeffrey B Palmer, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Dale M Needham
RATIONALE: Nearly 60% of patients who are intubated in intensive care units (ICUs) experience dysphagia after extubation, and approximately 50% of them aspirate. Little is known about dysphagia recovery time after patients are discharged from the hospital. OBJECTIVE: To determine factors associated with recovery from dysphagia symptoms after hospital discharge for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) survivors who received oral intubation with mechanical ventilation...
December 16, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913722/impact-of-a-multidisciplinary-round-visit-for-the-management-of-dysphagia-utilizing-a-wi-fi-based-wireless-flexible-endoscopic-evaluation-of-swallowing
#4
MULTICENTER STUDY
Koichi Sakakura, Masayuki Tazawa, Natsuko Otani, Masato Takagi, Mariko Morita, Minori Kurosaki, Tomoko Chiyoda, Yuri Kanai, Ayaka Endo, Takaaki Murata, Masato Shino, Yuki Yokobori, Kenji Shirakura, Naoki Wada, Kazuaki Chikamatsu
OBJECTIVES: The management of dysphagia requires a multidisciplinary approach, especially in large-scale hospitals. We introduce a novel protocol using a Wi-Fi-based flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) system and aim to verify its effectiveness in evaluation and rehabilitation of inpatients with dysphagia. METHOD: We conducted novel Wi-Fi-based FEES at the bedside using 3 iPads as monitors and recorders. Functional outcomes of swallowing in 2 different hospitals for acute care with conventional wired or wireless FEES were compared retrospectively...
January 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803496/left-atrial-to-esophageal-fistula-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Muhammad Yasir Khan, Waqas Javed Siddiqui, Praneet S Iyer, Ahmed Dirweesh, Nigahus Karabulut
BACKGROUND Left atrial to esophageal fistula (LAEF) is a rare fatal complication of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for atrial fibrillation and is associated with high mortality. Clinical features can be nonspecific and include fever, dysphagia, upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, sepsis, and embolic stroke a after recent history of RFA for atrial fibrillation. CASE REPORT  A 57-year-old Caucasian male was brought to the emergency department (ED) by his family because of an altered mental status. He had undergone a radiofrequency ablation for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation three weeks earlier...
November 2, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796101/development-of-a-clinical-feeding-assessment-scale-for-very-young-infants-in-south-africa
#6
Mari Viviers, Alta Kritzinger, Bart Vinck
BACKGROUND: There is a need for validated neonatal feeding assessment instruments in South Africa. A locally developed instrument may contribute to standardised evaluation procedures of high-risk neonates and address needs in resource constrained developing settings. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to develop and validate the content of a clinical feeding assessment scale to diagnose oropharyngeal dysphagia (OPD) in neonates. METHOD: The Neonatal Feeding Assessment Scale (NFAS) was developed using the Delphi method...
October 26, 2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779967/dysphagia-after-cardiac-operations-is-associated-with-increased-length-of-stay-and-costs
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Son Nguyen, Allen Zhu, William Toppen, Adeel Ashfaq, Jessica Davis, Richard Shemin, Abie H Mendelsohn, Peyman Benharash
Although the true incidence of postoperative dysphagia after cardiac surgery is unknown, it has been reported to occur in 3 to 21.6 per cent of patients. Historically, dysphagia has been associated with increased surgical complications and prolonged hospital stay. This study aimed to evaluate the costs and outcomes associated with dysphagia after cardiac surgery. Patients undergoing nonemergent, nontransplant cardiac operations between June 2013 and June 2014 were eligible for inclusion. Independent predictors of cost were identified through a multivariate linear regression model...
October 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755181/sore-throat-following-three-adult-supraglottic-airway-devices-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Joël L'Hermite, Elisabeth Dubout, Sophie Bouvet, Laure-Hélène Bracoud, Philippe Cuvillon, Jean-Emmanuel de La Coussaye, Jacques Ripart
BACKGROUND: Sore throat is a common complaint after surgery. It affects patient satisfaction and can affect activity after discharge. The supraglottic airway device (SAD) offers an alternative to traditional tracheal intubation with potential benefit in preventing sore throat. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of sore throat following three different SADs, the laryngeal mask airway Unique (LMA-U) and the more recent LMA Supreme (LMA-S) and the I-gel...
October 15, 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733188/nurse-performed-screening-for-postextubation-dysphagia-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-critically-ill-medical-patients
#9
Kay Choong See, Si Yu Peng, Jason Phua, Chew Lai Sum, Johncy Concepcion
BACKGROUND: Swallowing difficulties are common, and dysphagia occurs frequently in intensive care unit (ICU) patients after extubation. Yet, no guidelines on postextubation swallowing assessment exist. We aimed to investigate the safety and effectiveness of nurse-performed screening (NPS) for postextubation dysphagia in the medical ICU. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of mechanically ventilated patients who were extubated in a 20-bed medical ICU...
October 12, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424019/caustic-agent-ingestion-by-a-1-5-year-old-boy
#10
Behdad Gharib, Masoud Mohammadpour, Bahareh Yaghmaie, Meisam Sharifzadeh, Mehrzad Mehdizadeh, Fatemeh Zamani, Rouhollah Edalatkhah, Reihaneh Mohsenipour
We present a case of caustic ingestion by a 1.5-year-old boy. The caustic agent was drain opener which is a strong alkaline substance. Children in Iran and many other countries are still exposed to not "child proof" (child resistant packaging) toxic substance containers. Ingestion of caustic agents may lead to necrosis, perforation, and strictures. Substances that are ingested more frequently are liquid alkali material which causes severe, deep liquefaction necrosis. Common signs and symptoms of caustic agents are vomiting, drooling, refusal to drink, oral burns, stridor, hematemesis, dyspnea, dysphagia and abdominal pain...
July 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27258955/myasthenia-gravis-presentation-after-a-cervical-laminectomy-with-fusion
#11
Darlene Deters, Stephanie L Fowler, Raymundo Orozco, Patrick R Smith, Shelby Spurlock, Darlene Blackmon, Samantha Thomas
Myasthenia gravis is a chronic neuromuscular disorder that causes skeletal muscle weakness. Typically, myasthenia gravis affects the ocular, bulbar, neck, proximal limbs, and respiratory muscles. Although the presentation is typically observed with complaints of vision and bulbar symptoms such as diplopia, dystonia, and dysphagia, this article presents a case study of an elderly man with a history of increasing upper extremity weakness with complaints of worsening hand dexterity and intermittent episodes of expressive aphasia...
July 2016: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27219206/speech-language-pathology-in-acute-pediatric-chemical-or-button-battery-ingestion-injury
#12
Anna M Follent, Anna F Rumbach, Elizabeth C Ward, Pamela Dodrill, Peter Lewindon
OBJECTIVES: Dysphagia is a common consequence of pediatric ingestion injury, yet there is a lack of data relating to recommencement of oral (per os; PO) intake or use of feeding therapy. We describe patterns of early PO intake, and referral to speech-language pathology (SLP) for feeding therapy, during the acute admission of a pediatric cohort postchemical or button battery ingestion injury. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of pediatric ingestion injuries admitted to a quaternary hospital from 2008 to 2013...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159603/clinical-case-of-the-month-a-48-year-old-man-with-fever-and-abdominal-pain-of-one-day-duration
#13
Mary Yu, David Tadin, Erich J Conrad, Fred A Lopez
A 48-year-old man residing in a mental health department inpatient program with a history of schizoaffective disorder presented to the emergency department with a chief complaint of fever and intense abdominal pain for one day. The patient stated he initially fell in the shower and afterwards experienced back pain. He was transferred to an acute care unit within the facility for further evaluation. The facility physician noted that the patient had a mild temperature elevation and abdominal rigidity on exam...
September 2015: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27115679/postextubation-dysphagia-in-critical-patients-a-first-report-from-the-largest-step-down-intensive-care-unit-in-greece
#14
Georgia A Malandraki, Vasiliki Markaki, Voula C Georgopoulos, Loukia Psychogios, Serafim Nanas
PURPOSE: This study provided preliminary data on the occurrence and impact of postextubation dysphagia in the largest Greek step-down intensive care unit (ICU) over 2 years. METHOD: A retrospective observational cohort study of patients referred for swallowing assessment postextubation was conducted from November, 2011, to August, 2013. RESULTS: Of the 357 patients admitted to the unit during this period, 87, aged 55.8 ± 18.1 years (61 male, 26 female), were referred and evaluated...
May 1, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27093099/comparing-dysphagia-therapy-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-in-australia-with-international-healthcare-systems
#15
Nadine Lawson, Gintas P Krisciunas, Susan E Langmore, Kerlly Castellano, William Sokoloff, Reza Hayatbakhsh
PURPOSE: The Australian healthcare system has invested heavily in multidisciplinary cancer care teams. Despite such investments, guidelines that clearly delineate standard of care dysphagia treatment are lacking and services provided to Head and Neck Cancer (HNC) patients are not always consistent. There is little consensus regarding the frequency and intensity of dysphagia therapy. This is largely due to a lack of well-designed clinical trials that establish the efficacy of any dysphagia therapy in this patient population...
April 19, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26893442/the-effect-of-disc-shaped-gastric-resection-of-anastomosis-site-on-reducing-postoperative-dysphagia-and-stricture-after-esophagogastric-anastomosis-in-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#16
Rahim Mahmodlou, Kamran Shateri, Faramarz Homayooni, Sanaz Hatami
BACKGROUND: Esophagectomy remains the most reliable technique for managing esophageal cancer, but anastomotic complications including postoperative leak, ischemia and stricture negatively affect outcomes of this specific surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a novel method of esophagogastric anastomosis for reducing postoperative dysphagia and stricture formation. METHODS: Eighty patients who were scheduled for esophagectomy due to esophageal cancer were randomly assigned into two groups: intervention and control (40 each)...
February 17, 2016: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26892893/patterns-of-return-to-oral-intake-and-decannulation-post-tracheostomy-across-clinical-populations-in-an-acute-inpatient-setting
#17
Lee Pryor, Elizabeth Ward, Petrea Cornwell, Stephanie O'Connor, Marianne Chapman
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is often a comorbidity in patients who require a tracheostomy, yet little is known about patterns of oral intake commencement in tracheostomized patients, or how patterns may vary depending on the clinical population and/or reason for tracheostomy insertion. AIMS: To document patterns of clinical management around the commencement of oral intake throughout hospital admission and along the decannulation pathway in patients with a new tracheostomy, and to examine the nature of variability across multiple clinical populations...
September 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26891064/risk-of-swallowing-related-chest-infections-in-patients-with-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-treated-with-definitive-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy
#18
Jiaqing Xiong, Gita Krishnaswamy, Sharon Raynor, Kwok Seng Loh, Andrea Lay Hoon Kwa, Chwee Ming Lim
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary complications secondary to dysphagia may be encountered in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) after definitive intensity-modulated radiotherapy. The purpose of this study was to identify patients with NPC at risk of developing swallowing-related chest infections (SRCIs). METHODS: Retrospective chart review was performed on 217 patients with stage I to IVB NPC treated definitively with radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy. RESULTS: Twenty-six patients (12...
April 2016: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26770277/position-paper-of-the-german-society-of-oto-rhino-laryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-and-the-german-society-of-phoniatrics-and-pediatric-audiology-current-state-of-clinical-and-endoscopic-diagnostics-evaluation-and-therapy-of-swallowing-disorders-in-children
#19
REVIEW
Christoph Arens, Ingo F Herrmann, Saskia Rohrbach, Cornelia Schwemmle, Tadeus Nawka
Swallowing disorders are frequent. The main concern is mortality due to aspiration-induced pneumonia and malnutrition. In addition, quality of life is severely affected. The demographic trend indicates an increase of dysphagia in the future. Neurodegenerative diseases, tumors of the digestive tract, and sequelae of tumor treatment in the head and neck region are the main pathologic entities. Predominantly ENT physicians and phoniatricians are asked for diagnostics and therapy, and will coordinate the interdisciplinary treatment according to the endoscopic findings...
2015: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26724618/early-morbidity-and-mortality-in-50-very-elderly-patients-after-posterior-atlantoaxial-fusion-for-traumatic-odontoid-fractures
#20
Yu-Mi Ryang, Elisabeth Török, Insa Janssen, Andreas Reinke, Niels Buchmann, Jens Gempt, Florian Ringel, Bernhard Meyer
BACKGROUND: Traumatic odontoid fractures (tOFs) in the very elderly are associated with high morbidity and mortality. The best treatment strategy (conservative vs. surgery) is still unclear. METHODS: Between April 2008 and April 2014, fifty (17 male, 33 female) patients (mean age 87.2 ± 4.4 years; range: 80-99) were included in this retrospective cohort study. All patients underwent posterior fusion surgery for tOF. Early outcome, morbidity and mortality, length of hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) stay, comorbidities, and perioperative complications were assessed...
March 2016: World Neurosurgery
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