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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432903/the-decidua-of-preeclamptic-like-bph-5-mice-exhibits-an-exaggerated-inflammatory-response-during-early-pregnancy
#1
C Y Heyward, J L Sones, H E Lob, L C Yuen, K E Abbott, W Huang, Z R Begun, S D Butler, A August, C A Leifer, R L Davisson
Preeclampsia is a devastating complication of pregnancy characterized by late-gestation hypertension and proteinuria. Because the only definitive treatment is delivery of the fetus and placenta, preeclampsia contributes to increased morbidity and mortality of both mother and fetus. The BPH/5 mouse model, which spontaneously develops a syndrome strikingly similar to preeclampsia, displays excessive inflammation and suppression of inflammation improves pregnancy outcomes. During early pregnancy, decidual macrophages play an important role in promoting maternal tolerance to fetal antigens and regulating tissue remodeling, two functions that are critical for normal placental development...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428691/relationship-between-xanthine-oxidase-ischemia-modified-albumin-nitric-oxide-with-antioxidants-in-non-pregnants-pre-and-post-delivery-of-normal-pregnants-and-preeclampsia
#2
Vanishree Bambrana, C D Dayanand, Pushpa Kotur
Preeclampsia is a multisystem disorder involves altered homeostasis of oxidants-antioxidants, inflammatory process and endothelial dysfunction. The present study aim was to determine the levels of oxidative stress parameters (malondialdehyde, protein carbonyl, ischemia modified albumin and xanthine oxidase), nutrient antioxidants (vitamin C and vitamin E), enzyme antioxidants (catalase, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase glutathione reductase), total antioxidant status (TAS) and its association with nitric oxide...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395329/vitamin-d-suppresses-oxidative-stress-induced-microparticle-release-by-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells
#3
Xiuyue Jia, Jie Xu, Yang Gu, Xin Gu, Weimin Li, Yuping Wang
Endothelial microparticle (MP) release was increased in numerous cardiovascular diseases including preeclampsia. Oxidative stress is a potent inducer of endothelial dysfunction. In this study, we aimed to investigate if vitamin D could protect endothelial cells (ECs) from MP release induced by oxidative stress. Endothelial cell (from human umbilical vein) oxidative stress was induced by cultivation of cells under lowered oxygen condition (2%O2) for 48 h and cells cultured under standard condition (21%O2) served as control...
January 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391290/role-of-nitric-oxide-synthase-on-blood-pressure-regulation-and-vascular-function-in-pregnant-rats-on-a-high-fat-diet
#4
Ana C Palei, Frank T Spradley, Joey P Granger
BACKGROUND: While obesity is a leading risk factor for preeclampsia, the mechanisms whereby obese women are more susceptible to pregnancy-induced hypertension are unclear. As high-fat diet (HFD) is an important contributor to the development of obesity, we tested the hypothesis that pregnant rats on HFD have hypertension and endothelial dysfunction due to reduced nitric oxide synthase (NOS). METHODS: Twelve-week-old Sprague-Dawley female rats were fed normal diet (ND, 13% fat kcal) or HFD (40% fat kcal) for 9 weeks...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339541/vitamin-d-suppresses-oxidative-stress-induced-microparticle-release-by-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells
#5
Xiuyue Jia, Jie Xu, Yang Gu, Xin Gu, Weimin Li, Yuping Wang
Endothelial microparticle (MP) release was increased in numerous cardiovascular diseases including preeclampsia. Oxidative stress is a potent inducer of endothelial dysfunction. In this study, we aimed to investigate if vitamin D could protect endothelial cells (ECs) from MP release induced by oxidative stress. Endothelial cell (from human umbilical vein) oxidative stress was induced by cultivation of cells under lowered oxygen condition (2%O2) for 48 h and cells cultured under standard condition (21%O2) served as control...
December 27, 2016: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199380/the-effects-of-pravastatin-on-the-normal-human-placenta-lessons-from-ex-vivo-models
#6
Adelina Balan, Irit Szaingurten-Solodkin, Shani S Swissa, Valeria Feinshtein, Mahmoud Huleihel, Gershon Holcberg, Doron Dukler, Ofer Beharier
INTRODUCTION: Research in animal models and preliminary clinical studies in humans support the use of pravastatin for the prevention of preeclampsia. However, its use during pregnancy is still controversial due to limited data about its effect on the human placenta and fetus. METHODS: In the present study, human placental cotyledons were perfused in the absence or presence of pravastatin in the maternal reservoir (PraM). In addition, placental explants were treated with pravastatin for 5, 24 and 72 h under normoxia and hypoxia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188789/biomarker-identification-and-pathway-analysis-of-preeclampsia-based-on-serum-metabolomics
#7
Tingting Chen, Ping He, Yong Tan, Dongying Xu
Preeclampsia presents serious risk of both maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Biomarkers for the detection of preeclampsia are critical for risk assessment and targeted intervention. The goal of this study is to screen potential biomarkers for the diagnosis of preeclampsia and to illuminate the pathogenesis of preeclampsia development based on the differential expression network. Two groups of subjects, including healthy pregnant women, subjects with preeclampsia, were recruited for this study. The metabolic profiles of all of the subjects' serum were obtained by liquid chromatography quadruple time-of-flight mass spectrometry...
March 25, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087411/aspirin-prevents-tnf-%C3%AE-induced-endothelial-cell-dysfunction-by-regulating-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-dependent-mir-155-enos-pathway-role-of-a-mir-155-enos-axis-in-preeclampsia
#8
Joohwan Kim, Kyu-Sun Lee, Ji-Hee Kim, Dong-Keon Lee, Minsik Park, Seunghwan Choi, Wonjin Park, Suji Kim, Yoon Kyung Choi, Jong Yun Hwang, Jongseon Choe, Moo-Ho Won, Dooil Jeoung, Hansoo Lee, Sungwoo Ryoo, Kwon-Soo Ha, Young-Guen Kwon, Young-Myeong Kim
Preeclampsia is an inflammatory disease with endothelial cell dysfunction that occurs via decreased endothelial nitric oxide synthase/nitric oxide (eNOS/NO) activity. Aspirin reduces the incidence of hypertensive pregnancy complications. However, the underlying mechanism has not been clearly explained. Here, we found that tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, microRNA (miR)-155, and eNOS levels as well as endothelial redox phenotype were differentially regulated in preeclamptic patients, implying the involvement of TNF-α- and redox signal-mediated miR-155 biogenesis and eNOS downregulation in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia...
March 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077855/the-nox2-derived-reactive-oxygen-species-damaged-endothelial-nitric-oxide-system-via-suppressed-bkca-skca-in-preeclampsia
#9
Jie Chen, Qinqin Gao, Lin Jiang, Xueqin Feng, Xiaolin Zhu, Xiaorong Fan, Caiping Mao, Zhice Xu
The endothelial nitric oxide (NO) system may be damaged in preeclampsia; however, the involved mechanisms are unclear. In this study, we used primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) to evaluate the endothelial NO system in preeclampsia and to determine the underlying mechanisms that are involved. We isolated and cultured HUVECs from normal and preeclamptic pregnancies and evaluated endothelial NO synthase enzyme (eNOS) expression and NO production. Whole-cell K(+) currents and oxidative stress were also determined in normal and preeclamptic HUVECs...
January 12, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861155/new-conception-for-the-development-of-hypertension-in-preeclampsia
#10
Qinqin Gao, Jiaqi Tang, Na Li, Xiuwen Zhou, Xiaolin Zhu, Weisheng Li, Bailin Liu, Xueqin Feng, Jianying Tao, Bing Han, Hong Zhang, Miao Sun, Zhice Xu
Placental vascular dysfunction was suggested to be critical for placental ischemia-initiated hypertension in preeclampsia, although the contributions of endothelium involved are unclear. The present study found, unlike non-placental vessels, acetylcholine showed no vasodilatation effect on placental vessels, indicating that endothelial-derived nitric oxide (NO) was extremely weak in placental vessels. Placental vascular responses to exogenous NO from sodium nitroprusside (SNP) were significantly different from non-placental vessels...
November 29, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856999/simvastatin-alleviates-pathology-in-a-rat-model-of-preeclampsia-involving-erk-mapk-pathway
#11
Xiujuan Dong, Dandan Shi
Preeclampsia (PE) is a pregnancy-specific condition characterized by new-onset hypertension. There is evidence suggesting that imbalances of angiogenic factors, oxidative stress, and inflammation may be central to the pathogenesis of PE. We sought to investigate whether simvastatin would reduce mean arterial pressure, restore the angiogenic balance, and ameliorate inflammation and oxidative stress in a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor NG-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME)-induced rat model of PE. We found that blood pressure was significantly increased in the l-NAME group compared to normal pregnant dams (P < ...
November 16, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815419/altered-hippocampal-arteriole-structure-and-function-in-a-rat-model-of-preeclampsia-potential-role-in-impaired-seizure-induced-hyperemia
#12
Abbie C Johnson, Marilyn J Cipolla
We investigated the effect of experimental preeclampsia on hyperemia during seizure in the hippocampus and vascular function and structure of hippocampal arterioles using Sprague Dawley rats (n = 14/group) that were nonpregnant, pregnant (d20), or had experimental preeclampsia (induced by a high cholesterol diet d7-20). Hyperemia was measured via hydrogen clearance basally and during pentylenetetrazol-induced seizure (40-130 mg/kg i.v.). Reactivity of isolated and pressurized hippocampal arterioles to KCl, nitric oxide synthase inhibition with NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester and the nitric oxide donor sodium nitroprusside were investigated...
January 1, 2016: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791173/prolactin-alters-blood-pressure-by-modulating-the-activity-of-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase
#13
Albert S Chang, Ruriko Grant, Hirofumi Tomita, Hyung-Suk Kim, Oliver Smithies, Masao Kakoki
Increased levels of a cleaved form of prolactin (molecular weight 16 kDa) have been associated with preeclampsia. To study the effects of prolactin on blood pressure (BP), we generated male mice with a single-copy transgene (Tg; inserted into the hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase locus) that enables inducible hepatic production of prolactin and its cleavage product. The Tg is driven by the indole-3-carbinol (I3C)-inducible rat cytochrome P450 1A1 promoter. When the Tg mice were fed normal chow (NC), plasma prolactin concentrations were comparable to those in female WT mice in the last third of pregnancy, and BP was lower than in WT mice (∼95 mm Hg vs...
November 1, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754163/sy-11-3-hypertension-in-women-more-dangerous-than-in-men
#14
Suzanne Oparil
Heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure are leading causes of death worldwide, and hypertension is a significant risk factor for each. Hypertension is less common in women, compared to men, in those younger than 45 years of age. This trend is reversed in those 65 years and older. In the US between 2011-2014, the prevalence of hypertension in women and men by age group was 6% vs 8% (18-39 years), 30% vs 35% (40-59 years), and 67% vs 63% (60 years and over). Awareness, treatment, and control rates differ between genders with women being more aware of their diagnosis (85% vs 80%), more likely to take their medications (81% vs 71%) and more frequently having controlled hypertension (55% vs 49%)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680811/f5-skin-microvascular-dysfunction-in-preeclampsia-persists-to-the-postpartum-period
#15
Melanie Wittwer, Yann York Chow, Gus Dekker, Vicki Clifton, Margaret Arstall
INTRODUCTION: Preeclampsia is a multisystem disorder characterised by endothelial and microvascular dysfunction that develops in ∼10% of pregnancies. This study will characterise skin microvascular reactivity using laser Doppler flowmetry in women with preeclampsia compared to matched controls during pregnancy and early postpartum. METHODS: Women were recruited and studied on the diagnosis of preeclampsia and followed up for 6-months during postpartum period. Controls were matched for age, gestation and comorbidities...
August 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629886/serelaxin-improves-the-pathophysiology-of-placental-ischemia-in-the-reduced-uterine-perfusion-pressure-rat-model-of-preeclampsia
#16
Jose A Santiago-Font, Lorena M Amaral, Jessica Faulkner, Tarek Ibrahim, Venkata Ramana Vaka, Mark W Cunningham, Babbette LaMarca
Preeclampsia is a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy that has limited therapeutic options. In healthy pregnancy, relaxin plays an important vasodilatory role to maintain vascular compliance; however, currently, there is no preclinical evidence to support the use of relaxin during preeclampsia. Therefore, the goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that recombinant human relaxin-2 (Serelaxin, Novartis; RLX) could reduce mean arterial pressure (MAP) and improve uterine artery resistance index (UARI) and nitric oxide bioavailability, and/or decrease prepro-endothelin-1 (PPET-1), soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1), and TNF-α) in the reduced uterine perfusion pressure (RUPP) model of preeclampsia...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583470/adrenomedullin2-adm2-intermedin-imd-a-potential-role-in-the-pathophysiology-of-preeclampsia
#17
Madhu Chauhan, Meena Balakrishnan, Alex Vidaeff, Uma Yallampalli, Fernando Lugo, Karin Fox, Michael Belfort, Chandra Yallampalli
CONTEXT: It is not known whether decreases in trophoblast invasion promoting the peptide, adrenomedullin2 (ADM2) system is associated with preeclampsia (PreE). OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess the changes in ADM2 levels in plasma, placenta, and amniotic fluid (AF) and its receptor components in placenta from PreE pregnancy compared with the age-matched normal and study the effect of ADM2 on the synthesis of nitric oxide (NO), endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), and matrix-metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 in trophoblast cells...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533763/inflammatory-and-oxidative-stress-airway-markers-in-premature-newborns-of-hypertensive-mothers
#18
R J Madoglio, L M S S Rugolo, C S Kurokawa, M P A Sá, J C Lyra, L C O Antunes
Although oxidative stress and inflammation are important mechanisms in the pathophysiology of preeclampsia and preterm diseases, their contribution to the respiratory prognosis of premature infants of hypertensive mothers is not known. Our objective was to determine the levels of oxidative stress and inflammation markers in the airways of premature infants born to hypertensive and normotensive mothers, in the first 72 h of life, and to investigate whether they are predictors of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)/death...
August 1, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484589/astaxanthin-blocks-preeclampsia-progression-by-suppressing-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation
#19
Rong-Rong Xuan, Ting-Ting Niu, Hai-Min Chen
To investigate the antioxidative effect of astaxanthin on Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME)-induced preeclamptic rats. Cell survival, the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the changes in mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) were examined in astaxanthin and H2O2-treated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The preeclamptic Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat model was established by injection of L‑NAME and treatment with astaxanthin. The activities of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in serum were analyzed...
September 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451103/mechanisms-of-endothelial-dysfunction-in-hypertensive-pregnancy-and-preeclampsia
#20
J S Possomato-Vieira, R A Khalil
Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-related disorder characterized by hypertension and could lead to maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Although the causative factors and pathophysiological mechanisms are unclear, endothelial dysfunction is a major hallmark of preeclampsia. Clinical tests and experimental research have suggested that generalized endotheliosis in the systemic, renal, cerebral, and hepatic circulation could decrease endothelium-derived vasodilators such as nitric oxide, prostacyclin, and hyperpolarization factor and increase vasoconstrictors such as endothelin-1 and thromboxane A2, leading to increased vasoconstriction, hypertension, and other manifestation of preeclampsia...
2016: Advances in Pharmacology
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