keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Apes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218658/hypopharyngeal-multichannel-intraluminal-impedance-leads-to-the-promising-outcome-of-antireflux-surgery-in-japanese-population-with-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-symptoms
#1
Takeshi Suzuki, Yosuke Seki, Yoshitaka Okamoto, Toshitaka Hoppo
BACKGROUND: Clinical characteristics of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) in Japanese population remain unclear, and its treatment outcome is suboptimal. The objectives of this study were to evaluate Japanese patients with LPR symptoms using hypopharyngeal multichannel intraluminal impedance (HMII) and to assess the outcome of antireflux surgery (ARS). METHODS: Subjects included patients who had LPR symptoms for > 12 weeks or laryngoscopic findings suggestive of LPR and underwent laryngoscopy and esophageal testing including HMII...
December 7, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203828/foxp2-variation-in-great-ape-populations-offers-insight-into-the-evolution-of-communication-skills
#2
Nicky Staes, Chet C Sherwood, Katharine Wright, Marc de Manuel, Elaine E Guevara, Tomas Marques-Bonet, Michael Krützen, Michael Massiah, William D Hopkins, John J Ely, Brenda J Bradley
The gene coding for the forkhead box protein P2 (FOXP2) is associated with human language disorders. Evolutionary changes in this gene are hypothesized to have contributed to the emergence of speech and language in the human lineage. Although FOXP2 is highly conserved across most mammals, humans differ at two functional amino acid substitutions from chimpanzees, bonobos and gorillas, with an additional fixed substitution found in orangutans. However, FOXP2 has been characterized in only a small number of apes and no publication to date has examined the degree of natural variation in large samples of unrelated great apes...
December 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199612/involvement-of-different-genes-expressions-during-immunological-and-inflammatory-responses-in-vitiligo
#3
Chandra Kant Sharma, Monika Sharma, Kanika Prasad
Vitiligo is a condition of the skin distinguished by hypo-pigmentation. Etiology of this disorder is unknown, and several theories and mechanisms have been hypothesized. The inflammatory response in vitiligo is thought to be mediated by polymorphism in genes such as FOXP3, ACE, APE, GSTP1, TLR, SOD, CTLA-4, TAP/LMP gene cluster, etc. Theories including reactive oxygen species model, Nrf2-antioxidant response element (ARE) pathway, WNT pathway, tyrosinase activity, biochemical, molecular, and cellular alterations have been hypothesized to explain vitiligo pathogenesis...
2017: Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192342/zoonotic-enterobacterial-pathogens-detected-in-wild-chimpanzees
#4
Matthew R McLennan, Hirotake Mori, Aongart Mahittikorn, Rapeepun Prasertbun, Katsuro Hagiwara, Michael A Huffman
Infectious diseases including those acquired through direct or indirect contact with people and livestock threaten the survival of wild great apes. Few studies have reported enterobacterial pathogens in chimpanzees. We used multiplex PCR to screen faeces of chimpanzees sharing a landscape with villagers and livestock in Bulindi, Uganda for Salmonella spp., enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Shigella spp./enteroinvasive E. coli. All three potentially zoonotic pathogens were detected. Individual prevalence ranged between 7 and 20%, with most infections observed in mature male chimpanzees...
November 30, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192145/self-medication-by-orang-utans-pongo-pygmaeus-using-bioactive-properties-of-dracaena-cantleyi
#5
H C Morrogh-Bernard, I Foitová, Z Yeen, P Wilkin, R de Martin, L Rárová, K Doležal, W Nurcahyo, M Olšanský
Animals self-medicate using a variety of plant and arthropod secondary metabolites by either ingesting them or anointing them to their fur or skin apparently to repel ectoparasites and treat skin diseases. In this respect, much attention has been focused on primates. Direct evidence for self-medication among the great apes has been limited to Africa. Here we document self-medication in the only Asian great ape, orang-utans (Pongo pygmaeus), and for the first time, to our knowledge, the external application of an anti-inflammatory agent in animals...
November 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185525/primate-archaeology-evolves
#6
REVIEW
Michael Haslam, R Adriana Hernandez-Aguilar, Tomos Proffitt, Adrian Arroyo, Tiago Falótico, Dorothy Fragaszy, Michael Gumert, John W K Harris, Michael A Huffman, Ammie K Kalan, Suchinda Malaivijitnond, Tetsuro Matsuzawa, William McGrew, Eduardo B Ottoni, Alejandra Pascual-Garrido, Alex Piel, Jill Pruetz, Caroline Schuppli, Fiona Stewart, Amanda Tan, Elisabetta Visalberghi, Lydia V Luncz
Since its inception, archaeology has traditionally focused exclusively on humans and our direct ancestors. However, recent years have seen archaeological techniques applied to material evidence left behind by non-human animals. Here, we review advances made by the most prominent field investigating past non-human tool use: primate archaeology. This field combines survey of wild primate activity areas with ethological observations, excavations and analyses that allow the reconstruction of past primate behaviour...
October 2017: Nature Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184471/abdominoperineal-excision-technical-challenges-in-optimal-surgical-and-oncological-outcomes-after-abdominoperineal-excision-for-rectal-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Torbjörn Holm
Treatment results in rectal cancer have improved significantly during the recent two decades, but local control and survival after abdominoperineal excision (APE) have not improved to the same degree as that seen after anterior resection (AR). The reason for this is an increased risk of inadvertent bowel perforations and tumor involved margins after APE as compared with AR. The conventional synchronous combined APE has not been a standardized procedure and consequently oncological outcomes have varied considerably between different institutions and in different reports...
November 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173053/alfred-walter-campbell-s-return-to-australia
#8
Malcolm Macmillan
Alfred Walter Campbell (1868-1937) established the basic cytoarchitectonic structure of the human brain while he was working as a pathologist at the Rainhill Lunatic Asylum near Liverpool in the United Kingdom. He returned to Australia in 1905 and continued doing research while establishing a neurological practice. His research over the next 17 years focused on four topics: (a) localisation in the cerebellum, (b) the neuroses and psychoses in war, (c) localisation in the cerebral cortex of the gorilla, and (d) the causes and pathology of the mysterious Australian "X" Disease (later known as Murray Valley encephalitis)...
November 27, 2017: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172196/-memory-of-past-events-and-mental-time-travel-in-apes
#9
Satoshi Hirata
Mental time travel refers to the ability to recall a past event and imagine the future. Some researchers claim that this ability is unique to humans, while others argue that nonhuman animals also possess this ability. A study on apes by using eye-tracking revealed that chimpanzees and bonobos can remember a single event for 24 hours, suggesting that they possess at least some elements of mental time travel.
November 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170230/molecular-and-cellular-reorganization-of-neural-circuits-in-the-human-lineage
#10
André M M Sousa, Ying Zhu, Mary Ann Raghanti, Robert R Kitchen, Marco Onorati, Andrew T N Tebbenkamp, Bernardo Stutz, Kyle A Meyer, Mingfeng Li, Yuka Imamura Kawasawa, Fuchen Liu, Raquel Garcia Perez, Marta Mele, Tiago Carvalho, Mario Skarica, Forrest O Gulden, Mihovil Pletikos, Akemi Shibata, Alexa R Stephenson, Melissa K Edler, John J Ely, John D Elsworth, Tamas L Horvath, Patrick R Hof, Thomas M Hyde, Joel E Kleinman, Daniel R Weinberger, Mark Reimers, Richard P Lifton, Shrikant M Mane, James P Noonan, Matthew W State, Ed S Lein, James A Knowles, Tomas Marques-Bonet, Chet C Sherwood, Mark B Gerstein, Nenad Sestan
To better understand the molecular and cellular differences in brain organization between human and nonhuman primates, we performed transcriptome sequencing of 16 regions of adult human, chimpanzee, and macaque brains. Integration with human single-cell transcriptomic data revealed global, regional, and cell-type-specific species expression differences in genes representing distinct functional categories. We validated and further characterized the human specificity of genes enriched in distinct cell types through histological and functional analyses, including rare subpallial-derived interneurons expressing dopamine biosynthesis genes enriched in the human striatum and absent in the nonhuman African ape neocortex...
November 24, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168441/detection-of-hev-specific-antibodies-in-four-non-human-primate-species-including-great-apes-from-different-zoos-in-germany
#11
C Spahr, T Knauf-Witzens, L Dähnert, M Enders, M Müller, R Johne, R G Ulrich
The hepatitis E virus (HEV) has been described in humans and various animal species in different regions of the world. However, the knowledge on natural HEV infection in non-human primates and the corresponding risk of zoonotic transmission is scarce. To determine whether primates in captivity are affected by HEV infection, we investigated 259 individual sera of clinically healthy non-human primates of 14 species from nine German zoos. Using a commercial double-antigen-sandwich ELISA and a commercial IgG ELISA, 10 animals (3·9%) reacted positive in at least one assay...
November 23, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168188/the-relationship-between-social-play-and-developmental-milestones-in-wild-chimpanzees-pan-troglodytes-schweinfurthii
#12
Matthew R Heintz, Carson M Murray, A Catherine Markham, Anne E Pusey, Elizabeth V Lonsdorf
Social play is common among many group-living animals, but the benefits are not well understood. Proposed benefits include increased muscle coordination as the result of increased locomotor versatility and development, and strengthened social bonds through interactions with like-aged individuals. In this study, we used 33 years of long-term behavioral data on infant chimpanzees in Gombe National Park, Tanzania, to examine these potential benefits of social play, specifically how the percentage of time engaged in social play relates to motor and social developmental milestones...
November 23, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166660/great-apes-are-sensitive-to-prior-reliability-of-an-informant-in-a-gaze-following-task
#13
Benjamin Schmid, Katja Karg, Josef Perner, Michael Tomasello
Social animals frequently rely on information from other individuals. This can be costly in case the other individual is mistaken or even deceptive. Human infants below 4 years of age show proficiency in their reliance on differently reliable informants. They can infer the reliability of an informant from few interactions and use that assessment in later interactions with the same informant in a different context. To explore whether great apes share that ability, in our study we confronted great apes with a reliable or unreliable informant in an object choice task, to see whether that would in a subsequent task affect their gaze following behaviour in response to the same informant...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160572/rapid-on-site-evaluation-of-routine-biochemical-parameters-to-predict-right-ventricular-dysfunction-in-and-the-prognosis-of-patients-with-acute-pulmonary-embolism-upon-admission-to-the-emergency-room
#14
Dong Jia, Fan Liu, Qin Zhang, Guang-Qiao Zeng, Xue-Lian Li, Gang Hou
INTRODUCTION: Patients with acute pulmonary embolism(APE)who present with right ventricular dysfunction (RVD) have a worse prognosis. This study aimed to evaluate the value of routine biochemical parameters in predicting RVD and 30-day mortality in patients with APE. METHODS: We retrospectively collected the clinical data for 154 enrolled patients, including the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), D-dimer, cardiac troponin I (cTnI), and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP)...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154970/patient-engagement-using-new-technology-to-improve-adherence-to-positive-airway-pressure-therapy-a-retrospective-analysis
#15
Atul Malhotra, Maureen E Crocker, Leslee Willes, Colleen Kelly, Sue Lynch, Adam V Benjafield
BACKGROUND: Sleep apnea has major neurocognitive and cardiovascular and metabolic risks. Treatment of sleep apnea is sub-optimal because of variable adherence to existing therapies. METHODS: This trial compared PAP adherence among patients who were provided active patient engagement (APE) technology versus those who received usual care monitoring (UCM). The primary outcome was defined by the U.S. Medicare definition of adherence. PARTICIPANTS: Adherence data from two cloud-based databases (AirView™ and myAir™) were analyzed for patients with sleep apnea...
November 15, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154098/generation-and-application-of-a-novel-transgenic-zebrafish-line-tg-cyp1a-mcherry-as-an-in-vivo-assay-to-sensitively-monitor-pahs-and-tcdd-in-the-environment
#16
Shao-Lin Xie, Muhammad Junaid, Wan-Ping Bian, Juan-Juan Luo, Jabir Hussain Syed, Chao Wang, Wen-Xu Xiong, Yan-Bo Ma, Aping Niu, Xiao-Jun Yang, Ji-Xing Zou, De-Sheng Pei
The polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) are classified as human carcinogens, and can also cause serious health problems. To develop a convenient bio-monitoring tool for the detection of PAHs and TCDD in the environment, we generated a transgenic zebrafish line Tg(cyp1a:mCherry) with cyp1a promoter driving mCherry expression. Here, Tg(cyp1a:mCherry) embryos were treated with different concentrations of TCDD and five US EPA priority PAHs congeners. The results showed that the expressions of mCherry and endogenous cyp1a were consistent with the PAHs exposure concentrations and were largely induced by TCDD and ≥4-ring PAHs...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151532/association-of-admission-glucose-level-and-improvement-in-pulmonary-artery-pressure-in-patients-with-submassive-type-acute-pulmonary-embolism
#17
Masaomi Gohbara, Keigo Hayakawa, Azusa Hayakawa, Yusuke Akazawa, Yukihiro Yamaguchi, Shuta Furihata, Ai Kondo, Yusuke Fukushima, Sakie Tomari, Takayuki Mitsuhashi, Tsutomu Endo, Kazuo Kimura
Objective The admission glucose level is a predictor of mortality even in patients with acute pulmonary embolism (APE). However, whether or not the admission glucose level is associated with the severity of APE itself or the underlying disease of APE is unclear. Methods This study was a retrospective observational study. A pulmonary artery (PA) catheter was used to accurately evaluate the severity of APE. The percentage changes in the mean PA pressure (PAPm) upon placement and removal of the inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) were evaluated...
November 20, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150813/a-social-cichlid-fish-failed-to-pass-the-mark-test
#18
Takashi Hotta, Shiho Komiyama, Masanori Kohda
Since the pioneering work in chimpanzees, mirror self-recognition (MSR), the ability to recognise oneself in a mirror, has been reported in great apes, Asian elephants, dolphins, and some social birds using the mark test, in which animals that possess MSR touch an imperceptible mark on their own bodies only when a mirror is present. However, giant pandas, which are solitary, failed to pass the mark test, suggesting that MSR evolved solely in highly social animals. In contrast to the increasing evidence of MSR in mammals and birds, little is known about MSR in fish...
November 17, 2017: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146419/syncope-on-presentation-is-a-surrogate-for-submassive-and-massive-acute-pulmonary-embolism
#19
Hesham R Omar, Mehdi Mirsaeidi, Michael B Weinstock, Garett Enten, Devanand Mangar, Enrico M Camporesi
INTRODUCTION: There are conflicting data regarding the prognostic value of syncope in patients with acute pulmonary embolism (APE). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data of 552 consecutive adults with computed tomography pulmonary angiogram-confirmed APE to determine the correlates and outcome of the occurrence of syncope at the time of presentation. RESULTS: Among 552 subjects with APE (mean age 54years, 47% men), syncope occurred in 12...
November 7, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144567/reliable-recognition-of-lying-sitting-and-standing-with-a-hip-worn-accelerometer
#20
Henri Vähä-Ypyä, Pauliina Husu, Jaana Suni, Tommi Vasankari, Harri Sievänen
Hip-worn accelerometers are widely used to estimate physical activity (PA), but the accuracy of acceleration-threshold based analysis is compromised when it comes to identifying stationary and sedentary behaviors, let alone classifying body postures into lying, sitting or standing. The purpose of this study was to devise a novel method for accurate classification of body posture using triaxial data from hip-worn accelerometer and to evaluate its performance in free-living conditions against a thigh-worn accelerometer...
November 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
keyword
keyword
118651
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"