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Linnea A Weiss, Marta Nieto
Cux1 and Cux2 are the vertebrate members of a family of homeodomain transcription factors (TF) containing Cut repeat DNA-binding sequences. Perturbation of their expression has been implicated in a wide variety of diseases and disorders, ranging from cancer to autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Within the nervous system, both genes are expressed during neurogenesis and in specific neuronal subpopulations. Their role during development and circuit specification is discussed here, with a particular focus on the cortex where their restricted expression in pyramidal neurons of the upper layers appears to be responsible for many of the specialized functions of these cells, and where their functions have been extensively investigated...
March 6, 2018: Brain Research
Chao Duan, Han Wang, Ying Chen, Ping Chu, Tianyu Xing, Chao Gao, Zhixia Yue, Jie Zheng, Mei Jin, Weiyue Gu, Xiaoli Ma
Background: We ought to explore the acquired somatic alterations, shedding light on genetic basis of somatic alterations in NB patients with chemotherapy. Methods: Marrow blood samples from NB patients were collected before treatment, after the 2nd and 4th chemotherapy for baseline research and continuous monitoring by whole exome sequencing. Plasma cell free DNA (cfDNA) was prepared for baseline research. Finger nail cells were extracted as self control. The clinical data was analyzed...
2018: Cancer Cell International
Pengxia Wang, Weixi Qin, Pengyun Wang, Yufeng Huang, Ying Liu, Rongfeng Zhang, Sisi Li, Qin Yang, Xiaojing Wang, Feifei Chen, Jingqiu Liu, Bo Yang, Xiang Cheng, Yuhua Liao, Yanxia Wu, Tie Ke, Xin Tu, Xiang Ren, Yanzong Yang, Yunlong Xia, Xiaoping Luo, Mugen Liu, He Li, Jingyu Liu, Yi Xiao, Qiuyun Chen, Chengqi Xu, Qing K Wang
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia. In 2014, two new meta-GWAS identified 5 AF loci, including the NEURL locus, GJA1 locus, CAND2 locus, and TBX5 locus in the European ancestry populations and the NEURL locus and CUX2 locus in a Japanese population. The TBX5 locus for AF was reported by us in 2013 in the Chinese population. Here we assessed the association between AF and SNPs in the NEURL, GJA1, CAND2 and CUX2 loci in the Chinese Han population. We carried out a large case-control association study with 1,164 AF patients and 1,460 controls...
February 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Fei-Fan Chang, Lei Zhang, Pei-Chen Zhao, Wei Huang
Three 46-membered [2 + 2] pendant-armed Schiff-base macrocyclic dinuclear CdII and CuII complexes (2a, 2b, and 3b) and one 23-membered [1 + 1] CuII macrocycle 4a were prepared from the template-directed condensation reactions between 1,2-bis(2-aminoethoxy)-ethane and extended Cl-dialdehyde in the presence of CdX2 and CuX2 (X = Cl and Br), in which halide effects play important roles in the organization of final macrocyclic complexes in addition to the dominant influence of metal cations. Transmetalation was intensively studied among these CdII and CuII complexes with large and flexible macrocyclic ligands, including two previously synthesized dinuclear ZnII macrocycles (1a and 1b)...
February 5, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Muhammad U Anwar, Ahmed Al-Harrasi, Emma L Gavey, Melanie Pilkington, Jeremy M Rawson, Laurence K Thompson
The synthesis and coordination chemistry of a new series of open chain diazine based ligands (L3aH2 , L3bH2 , and L3cH2 ) is reported. The ligands comprise a central disubstituted bipyridine moiety with two bridging alkoxide oxygen donors, together with diazine and pyridine terminal groups strategically located to coordinate three metal centres. Reactions of L3aH2 and L3bH2 with CuX2 (X- = ClO4 , Cl, NO3 ) yield a trinuclear complex (1) and 1-D copper chains (2, 3). In these complexes the ligands bind copper ions via Nbipyridne , trans Ndiazine , Ohydrazone , and Npyridne donors while vacant sites are occupied by counter ions or solvent molecules (methanol, water, acetonitrile)...
February 20, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Mohamad Abbass, Kathleen Trought, David Long, Anton Semechko, Albert H C Wong
BACKGROUND: There have been inconsistencies in the histological abnormalities found in the cerebral cortex from patients with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression. Discrepancies in previously published reports may arise from small sample sizes, inconsistent methodology and biased cell counting. METHODS: We applied automated quantification of neuron density, neuron size and cortical layer thickness in large regions of the cerebral cortex in psychiatric patients...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
Rance Nault, Kelly A Fader, Jack R Harkema, Tim Zacharewski
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a highly conserved transcription factor that mediates a broad spectrum of species-, strain-, sex-, age-, tissue-, and cell-specific responses elicited by structurally diverse ligands including 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Dose-dependent effects on liver-specific and sexually dimorphic gene expression were examined in male and female mice gavaged with TCDD every 4 days for 28 or 92 days. RNA-seq data revealed the coordinated repression of 181 genes predominately expressed in the liver including albumin (3...
2017: PloS One
Dana Lau-Corona, Alexander Suvorov, David J Waxman
Sex-dependent pituitary GH secretory profiles--pulsatile in males and persistent in females--regulate sex-biased, STAT5-dependent expression of hundreds of genes in mouse liver, imparting sex differences in hepatic drug/lipid metabolism and disease risk. Here we examine transcriptional and epigenetic changes induced by continuous-GH infusion (cGH) in male mice, which rapidly feminizes the temporal profile of liver STAT5 activity. cGH repressed 86% of male-biased genes and induced 68% of female-biased genes within 4-days; however, several highly female-specific genes showed weak or no feminization, even after 14-days cGH...
July 10, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Hong Yi, Dali Yang, Jie Xin, Xiaotian Qi, Yu Lan, Yi Deng, Chih-Wen Pao, Jyh-Fu Lee, Aiwen Lei
As a versatile metal, copper has demonstrated a wide application in acting as both organometallic reagent and catalyst. Organocuprates are among the most used organometallic reagents in the formation of new carbon-carbon bonds in organic synthesis. Therefore, revealing the real structures of organocuprates in solution is crucial to provide insights into the reactivity of organocuprates. Here we provide several important insights into organocuprate chemistry. The main finding contains the following aspects. The Cu(0) particles were detected via the reduction of CuX by nBuLi or PhLi...
March 16, 2017: Nature Communications
Stephen E Repper, Anthony Haynes, Evert J Ditzel, Glenn J Sunley
Absorption of carbon monoxide by copper(i)-containing ionic liquids, [Cn mim][CuX2 ] (Cn mim = 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium, n = 2, 4, 6, X = Cl, Br, I) has been investigated using in situ high pressure infrared spectroscopy. For each liquid, observation of a ν(CO) band in the region 2075-2090 cm-1 indicates the formation of copper(i) monocarbonyl complexes, assigned as [Cu(CO)X2 ]- . The rate of growth and equilibrium intensity of the ν(CO) absorption is dependent on applied CO pressure. Binding of CO is reversible such that complete desorption occurs rapidly on heating above 100 °C and the liquids are robust over multiple gas absorption/desorption cycles...
February 28, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Lian Liu, Yusuke Ebana, Jun-Ichi Nitta, Yoshihide Takahashi, Shinsuke Miyazaki, Toshihiro Tanaka, Masatoshi Komura, Mitsuaki Isobe, Tetsushi Furukawa
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) affects millions of individuals worldwide. The genome-wide association studies have identified robust genetic associations with AF. METHODS: We genotyped 5461 participants of Japanese ancestry for 11 AF-related loci and determined the effects of carrying different numbers of risk alleles on disease development and age at disease onset. The weighted genetic risk score (GRS) was calculated, and its ability to predict AF was determined...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Honghuang Lin, Xiaoyan Yin, Zhijun Xie, Kathryn L Lunetta, Steven A Lubitz, Martin G Larson, Darae Ko, Jared W Magnani, Michael M Mendelson, Chunyu Liu, David D McManus, Daniel Levy, Patrick T Ellinor, Emelia J Benjamin
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, but little is known about the molecular mechanisms associated with AF arrhythmogenesis. DNA methylation is an important epigenetic mechanism that regulates gene expression and downstream biological processes. We hypothesize that DNA methylation might play an important role in the susceptibility to develop AF. A total of 2,639 participants from the Offspring Cohort of Framingham Heart Study were enrolled in the current study. These participants included 183 participants with prevalent AF and 220 with incident AF during up to 9 years follow up...
January 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
Hong Yi, Chunlan Song, Yiying Li, Chih-Wen Pao, Jyh-Fu Lee, Aiwen Lei
Transition-metal mediated C-S bond formation using thiol compounds has been widely used in recent years. However, there has been less focus on the interaction between the metal and thiol compounds. In this work, we have successfully evidenced the single-electron transfer between CuX2 and thiophenol utilizing EXAFS. The fitting EXAFS results reveal that two halide anions are coordinated with the CuI center, whereas no sulfur atom is observed in the first coordination sphere. This CuI ate complex serves as the key intermediate for the proton transfer in the application of Markovnikov-type hydrothiolation reactions...
December 19, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Simran Kaur, Yan Coulombe, Zubaidah M Ramdzan, Lam Leduy, Jean-Yves Masson, Alain Nepveu
Base excision repair is initiated by DNA glycosylases that recognize specific altered bases. DNA glycosylases for oxidized bases carry both a glycosylase activity that removes the faulty base and an apyrimidinic/apurinic lyase activity that introduces a single-strand DNA incision. In particular, the CUT domains within the CUX1 and CUX2 proteins were recently shown to interact with the 8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) DNA glycosylase and stimulate its enzymatic activities. SATB1, which contains two CUT domains, was originally characterized as a T cell-specific genome organizer whose aberrant overexpression in breast cancer can promote tumor progression...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Sven Wiesner, Arne Wagner, Elisabeth Kaifer, Hans-Jörg Himmel
The electronic structures of dinuclear copper complexes of the general formula [GFA(CuX2 )2 ], where X = Br or Cl and GFA denotes a redox-active bridging Guanidino-Functionalized Aromatic ligand, were analysed and compared. The diamagnetic complexes [GFA(CuBr2 )2 ] can all be described as dinuclear CuI complexes with bridging GFA2+ dicationic ligand units exhibiting a [CuI -GFA2+ -CuI ] electronic structure. The electronic structure prevails in the solid state and in all applicable organic solvents. The situation changes completely for the [GFA(CuCl2 )2 ] complexes...
October 12, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Sourav Kumar Santra, Arghya Banerjee, Prakash Ranjan Mohanta, Bhisma K Patel
A Pd(II)-catalyzed peroxide-free ortho aroylation of directing arenes has been developed via cross dehydrogenative coupling (CDC) in the presence of the terminal oxidant Cu(OAc)2·H2O. Ortho aroylation of directing arenes proceeds via decarbonylation of the in situ generated phenyl glyoxal, which is obtained from 2-acetoxyacetophenone in the presence of the oxidant Cu(OAc)2·H2O. However, changing the oxidant to CuX2 (X = Cl, Br) provided exclusive di-ortho-halogenated 2-arylbenzothiazoles. During the halogenation, CuX2 served the dual role of a halogen source as well as a co-oxidant...
July 15, 2016: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Emily Capaldo, Angelo Iulianella
BACKGROUND: The rhombic lip (RL), a germinal zone in the developing hindbrain, gives rise to all of the excitatory neurons of the cerebellum. It is presently unclear what factors distinguish between RL progenitor pools and play a role in differentiating the multiple cell types that arise from this region. The transcription factor Cux2 has been shown to play important roles in proliferation and differentiation of distinct neuronal populations during embryogenesis, but its role in cerebellar fate restriction is unknown...
August 2016: Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
Masayuki Sakiyama, Hirotaka Matsuo, Hirofumi Nakaoka, Ken Yamamoto, Akiyoshi Nakayama, Takahiro Nakamura, Sayo Kawai, Rieko Okada, Hiroshi Ooyama, Toru Shimizu, Nariyoshi Shinomiya
Gout is a common disease resulting from hyperuricemia. Recently, a genome-wide association study identified an association between gout and a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs2188380, located on an intergenic region between MYL2 and CUX2 on chromosome 12. However, other genes around rs2188380 could possibly be gout susceptibility genes. Therefore, we performed a fine-mapping study of the MYL2-CUX2 region. From 8,595 SNPs in the MYL2-CUX2 region, 9 tag SNPs were selected, and genotyping of 1,048 male gout patients and 1,334 male controls was performed by TaqMan method...
May 16, 2016: Scientific Reports
Akiya Watakabe
The claustrum/endopiriform nucleus is a unique structure that sits between the striatum and the cerebral cortex. Recent genome-wide mapping of gene expression in mice identified various genes concentrated in this structure, suggesting a requirement for a special set of genes for its function. In situ hybridization histochemistry was performed for such "claustrum-enriched" genes in the marmoset brain. In marmosets, nurr1 and netrinG2 genes exhibited highly concentrated expression in the claustrum and endopiriform nucleus, as well as in a subpopulation of layer 6 neurons across the entire cortex, consistent with their expression patterns as described in macaques...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
Angelika Mühlebner, Anand M Iyer, Jackelien van Scheppingen, Jasper J Anink, Floor E Jansen, Tim J Veersema, Kees P Braun, Wim G M Spliet, Wim van Hecke, Figen Söylemezoğlu, Martha Feucht, Pavel Krsek, Josef Zamecnik, Christian G Bien, Tilman Polster, Roland Coras, Ingmar Blümcke, Eleonora Aronica
BACKGROUND: Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a multisystem disorder that results from mutations in the TSC1 or TSC2 genes, leading to constitutive activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. Cortical tubers represent typical lesions of the central nervous system (CNS) in TSC. The pattern of cortical layering disruption observed in brain tissue of TSC patients is not yet fully understood, and little is known about the origin and phenotype of individual abnormal cell types recognized in tubers...
2016: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
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