Read by QxMD icon Read

Prosthetic heart valve rheumatic heart disease

Mario Barbosa, Luiz Menezes Falcão
Direct oral anticoagulants emerge as the most innovative and promising drug toward preventing and treating cardiovascular disease, raising great interest among the scientific community. Numerous studies and meta-analysis generated much data clarifying clinicians' doubts; however, uncertainties remain regarding their use in particular groups such as patients with prosthetic valves, in valvular atrial fibrillation (defined as atrial fibrillation related to mitral rheumatic heart disease or prosthetic heart valves), among the elderly, in paraneoplastic thromboembolism, in pulmonary embolism with hemodynamic compromise, and scarcity of specific antidotes...
August 29, 2016: American Journal of Therapeutics
Lohit Garg, Charity Chen, David E Haines
INTRODUCTION: Warfarin therapy for stroke prevention is recommended for patients with AF, but its value in patients with chronic kidney disease on HD is unknown. METHODS: The anticoagulation regimens of patients with a prior history of AF hospitalized for initiation of chronic HD, and of patients receiving chronic HD who had a new diagnosis of AF between 2009 and 2012 were reviewed. Exclusions were renal transplant, peritoneal dialysis, rheumatic valve disease, prosthetic heart valve, GI bleeding, malignancy with chemotherapy in last 6months or still undergoing treatment, a history of AF ablation, a history of ICD implantation, or those receiving warfarin for non-AF indications...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Khadija Aman
BACKGROUND: Mechanical prosthetic heart valves have been used for many decades to replace damaged native valves. Guidelines mandate the use of anticoagulant therapy in patients with mechanical prosthetic valves of any type, irrespective of the position in the heart. The rationale for this is to prevent valve thrombosis and thromboembolic complications without increasing the risk of excess bleeding. We report a case involving a patient with a functioning aortic mechanical valve without any anticoagulation therapy for 33 years...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Mikio Shiba, Yasuo Sugano, Yoshihiko Ikeda, Hatsue Ishibashi-Ueda, Takahiro Ohara, Takuya Hasegawa, Hideaki Kanzaki, Toshihisa Anzai
A 74-year-old man, who had a history of a mitral valve replacement for rheumatic heart disease (RHD) 30 years previously, was admitted with progressive heart failure. Massive calcification was observed around the left atrium on multidetector CT, in addition to a late gadolinium enhancement (LGE)-positive layer adjacently outside of the calcification on MRI. He underwent a second mitral valve replacement for the prosthetic valve failure. Pathohistological analyses of a tissue section of the left atrial wall from a surgical specimen revealed lymphocyte and macrophage infiltration that coincided with the LGE-positive layer on MRI, suggesting the existence of sustained active inflammation even after the long period of RHD...
2016: Internal Medicine
Wei Liu, Lu Li, Jie Xu, Chao Zhang
Here we reported a patient with warfarin-induced autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), and explored new concerns for the pharmaceutical care of warfarin. A 57- year-old woman was admitted to hospital for repeated anorexia, abdominal pain and abnormal liver function. She received prosthetic heart valve replacement because of rheumatic heart disease, and had started warfarin medication since 2 years before. Her liver function was elevated with highest alanine aminotransferase 861 U/L, aspertate aminotransferase 604 U/L, and total bilirubin 106...
February 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Jie Li, Tingju Wei, Donghai Liu, Ning Ma, Hong Luo, Weihua Zhang, Chenhui Qiao, Xin Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the outcome of tricuspid valve replacement.
 METHODS: A total of 28 patients (15 males and 13 females) underwent tricuspid valve replacement from March 2000 to February 2015 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were recruited. Among them, 16 patients were Ebstein's anomaly, 7 had rheumatic valve heart disease, 3 and 2 suffered from infective endocarditis and degenerative tricuspid lesions, respectively.
 RESULTS: One patient died of multiple organ failure...
January 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Guifang Cao, Qi Bi, Li Cao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features of stroke in young adults with infective endocarditis (IE). METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of clinical data of young patients (aged between 18 and 44 years) diagnosed with IE in Beijing Anzhen Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2003 to March 2013. RESULTS: Three hundred IE patients (209 male and 91 female) were enrolled with mean age of (31.8 ± 7.8) years old...
September 2015: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
Mark J Larralde, Ashwad Afzal, Sorin J Brener
Nonatherosclerotic embolism is a rare cause (4%-7%) of coronary occlusion in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients, approximately half of which occur in inadequately anticoagulated patients with prosthetic valves. We report a rare case of a patient with severe rheumatic heart disease and 3 mechanical valves presenting with STEMI that was successfully managed by Fogarty maneuver thrombus extraction after failed thrombus aspiration and balloon angioplasty. A 56-year-old woman presented with an acute anterior STEMI and Killip class III heart failure...
September 2016: American Journal of Therapeutics
Maria Bonou, Eva D Papadimitraki, John Skiadas, John Barbetseas
Triple prosthetic valve operation carries a high peri-procedural risk and is associated with decreased long-term survival. Herein is reported the case of a 59-year-old female with a 30-year history of successful triple-valve replacement for rheumatic heart disease, who presented with symptomatic valvular dysfunction and rhythm disturbances. The patient was one of the few who had survived more than 30 years after triple-valve surgery. Illustrative echocardiograms and cinefluoroscopic images are provided, and issues regarding prosthetic valve dysfunction and rhythm disturbance management in operated patients are briefly discussed...
March 2015: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
Muhammad Bilal, Muhammad Shahzeb Khan, Abdul Haseeb, Abdul Bari Khan
Prosthetic valve thrombosis within one year after mitral valve replacement is rarely seen in patients on warfarin therapy and without any risk factor. Here, we describe a case of a 39-year- old female, who presented with dyspnoea and shortness of breath 11 months after mitral valve replacement. The echocardiogram revealed severe valvular stenosis due to presence of clots on the mitral valve and restricted motion of the mitral leaflets. As a result of deterioration of general condition and haemodynamic un-stability, plan was made to re-operate for her valve replacement surgery...
July 2015: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Feridoun Sabzi
Giant left atria are defined as those measuring larger than 8 cm and are typically found in patients who have rheumatic mitral valve disease with severe regurgitation. Enlargement of the left atrium may create compression of the surrounding structures such as the esophagus, pulmonary veins, respiratory tract, lung, inferior vena cava, recurrent laryngeal nerve, and thoracic vertebrae and lead to dysphagia, respiratory dysfunction, peripheral edema, hoarse voice, or back pain. However, a huge left atrium is usually associated with rheumatic mitral valve disease but is very rare in a normally functioning prosthetic mitral valve, as was the case in our patient...
2015: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
Anita Saxena
Lesions of the heart valves are the commonest acquired cardiac abnormalities seen in pediatric age group. In India, the underlying cause for most valvular diseases is chronic rheumatic heart disease (RHD). The aim of evaluation of patients with valvular heart disease is not only to make a diagnosis, but also to decide the management plan. The pediatrician or physician is usually the first health care provider to whom such patients (or their parents) report. It is therefore imperative that the general physician and pediatricians are well versed with valvular heart diseases...
November 2015: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Wen-Jun Ren, Ben-Gui Zhang, Jia-Sheng Liu, Yong-Jun Qian, Ying-Qiang Guo
BACKGROUND: The efficacies of tricuspid valve repair, risk factors for treatment failure and postoperative quality of life have not been thoroughly evaluated in patients with tricuspid insufficiency associated with rheumatic heart disease (RHD). We therefore reviewed our experience with ring and non-ring tricuspid annuloplasty for the treatment of functional tricuspid insufficiency (TI) in RHD. METHODS: This retrospective, follow-up study involved 74 RHD patients who underwent either non-ring annuloplasty (De Vega procedure; 34 patients, 45...
2015: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Tahereh Davarpasand, Ali Hosseinsabet, Arash Jalali
OBJECTIVES: It has been reported that the short-term mortality of concomitant aortic and mitral valve replacement (AVR and MVR) is considerable and concomitant coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) has adverse effects on the survival of patients with valve replacement surgery. We summarize the short- and mid-term outcome after concomitant CABG, AVR and MVR in our centre. METHODS: Between 2003 and 2013, 103 patients (68 males, 35 females, age: 60.1 ± 10.1 years) underwent CABG, AVR and MVR for rheumatic heart disease (RHD) and coronary artery disease (CAD)...
September 2015: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
P Vaideeswar, J R Deshpande, A Sivaraman
We evaluated the pathologic findings at autopsy in 337 patients who had undergone cardiac valve replacement over 10 years (1982 to 1991). Rheumatic heart disease was the most common indication for valve replacement (84% of cases). Among the 255 patients with short-term survival (<1 month), in 162 cases (63.5%), the cause of death was related to surgery and/or underlying cardiovascular conditions. Host-prosthetic valve interactions contributed to mortality in 14.9% cases. However, in longtime survivors (82 patients), a significant number (86...
September 1997: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
Mariana Mirabel, Romain André, Paul Barsoum Mikhaïl, Hester Colboc, Flore Lacassin, Baptiste Noël, Jacques Robert, Marie Nadra, Corinne Braunstein, Shirley Gervolino, Eloi Marijon, Bernard Iung, Xavier Jouven
INTRODUCTION: Data on clinical characteristics and outcomes of infective endocarditis (IE) in the Pacific are scarce. METHODS: Retrospective hospital-based study in New Caledonia, a high-income country, on patients aged over 18 years with definite IE according to the modified Duke criteria (2005-2010). RESULTS: 51 patients were included: 31 (60.8%) men; median age of 52.4 years (IQR 33.0-70.0). Left-sided IE accounted for 47 (92.2%) patients: native valve IE in 34 (66...
2015: Open Heart
Marwa Sayed Meshaal, Hussein Heshmat Kassem, Ahmad Samir, Ayman Zakaria, Yasser Baghdady, Hussein Hassan Rizk
BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis (IE) is commonly complicated by cerebral embolization and hemorrhage secondary to intracranial mycotic aneurysms (ICMAs). These complications are associated with poor outcome and may require diagnostic and therapeutic plans to be modified. However, routine screening by brain CT and CT angiography (CTA) is not standard practice. We aimed to study the impact of routine cerebral CTA on treatment decisions for patients with IE. METHODS: From July 2007 to December 2012, we prospectively recruited 81 consecutive patients with definite left-sided IE according to modified Duke's criteria...
2015: PloS One
M Tribak, M Konaté, A Elhassani, L Mahfoudi, I Jaabari, F Elkenassi, A Boutayeb, F Lachhab, J Filal, A Maghraoui, A Bensouda, L Marmade, S Moughil
INTRODUCTION: Infective endocarditis (IE) is a serious disease whose prognosis depends on early management. Aortic location is characterized by its evolution toward myocardial failure and the high number of complications reasons for early surgery. AIM: To compare the short- and mid-terms results of surgery for aortic infective endocarditis (IE) in the active phase and the healed phase. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed retrospectively the data of 48 consecutive patients operated for aortic infective endocarditis between January 2000 and January 2012...
February 2016: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
Somchai Waikittipong
AIM: This retrospective study was undertaken to evaluate the midterm results of mitral valve repair for rheumatic mitral regurgitation, in term of survival rate and late valve failure. METHODS: From January 2003 to January 2014, 97 patients underwent mitral valve repair in our hospital. Age ranged from 8 to 74 years, mean 24 ± 1.4 years; 74 (76%) patients were female. Mean preoperative functional class was 2.47 ± 0.07. Mean preoperative ejection fraction was 59...
July 2015: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Supakanya Wongrakpanich, Natanong Thamcharoen, Pakawat Chongsathidkiet, Sarawut Siwamogsatham
Coronary embolism from a prosthetic heart valve is a rare but remarkable cause of acute coronary syndrome. There is no definite management of an entity like this. Here we report a case of 54-year-old male with a history of rheumatic heart disease with dual prosthetic heart valve and atrial fibrillation who developed chest pain from acute myocardial infarction. The laboratory values showed inadequate anticoagulation. Cardiac catheterization and thrombectomy with the aspiration catheter were chosen to be the treatment for this patient, and it showed satisfactory outcome...
2015: Case Reports in Cardiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"