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Prosthetic heart valve rheumatic heart disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716704/clinical-microbiological-characterization-and-risk-factors-of-mortality-in-infective-endocarditis-from-a-tertiary-care-academic-hospital-in-southern-india
#1
Prasanna Subbaraju, Shipra Rai, Jwalit Morakhia, Geet Midha, Asha Kamath, Kavitha Saravu
AIMS: To dissect the clinical-microbiological profile of Infective endocarditis (IE) population and to determine the risk factors for IE related mortality. METHODS: A cohort study was conducted using relevant data from clinical records of patients (≥12years) with definite/possible IE from December 2007 to December 2013 and was analyzed using appropriate statistical tests. RESULTS: In the cohort of 139 IE patients, mean age was 47.9±15.8years, with male preponderance (68...
March 2018: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617499/mortality-predictors-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-active-infective-endocarditis
#2
Jenny Lourdes Rivas de Oliveira, Magaly Arrais Dos Santos, Renato Tambellini Arnoni, Auristela Ramos, Dorival Della Togna, Samira Kaissar Ghorayeb, Roberto Tadeu Magro Kroll, Luiz Carlos Bento de Souza
INTRODUCTION: Active infective endocarditis is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Surgery is indicated in high-risk conditions, and the main determinants of mortality in surgical treatment should be evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To identify mortality predictors in the surgical treatment of active infective endocarditis in a long-term follow-up. METHODS: This prospective observational study involved 88 consecutive patients diagnosed with active infective endocarditis, who underwent surgery between January 2005 and December 2015...
January 2018: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608495/medical-management-of-rheumatic-heart-disease-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#3
E Anne Russell, Warren F Walsh, Ben Costello, Alex Ja McLellan, Alex Brown, Christopher M Reid, Lavinia Tran, Graeme P Maguire
Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is an important cause of heart disease globally. Its management can encompass medical and procedural (catheter and surgical) interventions. Literature pertaining to the medical management of RHD from PubMed 1990-2016 and via selected article reference lists was reviewed. Areas included symptom management, left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, rate control in mitral stenosis (MS), atrial fibrillation (AF), anticoagulation, infective endocarditis prophylaxis and management in pregnancy...
March 30, 2018: Cardiology in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560019/a-case-of-anterior-spinal-artery-syndrome-caused-by-streptococcus-mitis-endocarditis
#4
Aria Mahtabfar, Hamoon Eshraghi, Melroy D'Souza, William Berrigan, Kathleen Casey
Background: Infectious endocarditis (IE) typically occurs in the setting of intravenous drug use, prosthetic heart valves, or rheumatic heart disease. However, there are a few reports of IE occurring in the setting of immunosuppression secondary to cancer and/or chemotherapy. Here, we present a case of a cancer patient who developed anterior spinal artery (ASA) syndrome secondary to a septic embolus from IE. Case Presentation: A 78-year-old male with a history of gastroesophageal cancer treated with chemotherapy and radiation presented to the hospital after a fall at home...
2018: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540261/stroke-thromboembolism-and-bleeding-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-according-to-the-ehra-valvular-heart-disease-classification
#5
Arnaud Bisson, Alexandre Bodin, Nicolas Clementy, Anne Bernard, Dominique Babuty, Gregory Y H Lip, Laurent Fauchier
AIMS: We compared thromboembolic (TE) and bleeding risks in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) according to the new 'Evaluated Heartvalves, Rheumatic or Artificial' (EHRA) valve classification. METHODS: Patients were divided into 3 categories: (i) EHRA type 1 corresponds to the previous 'valvular' AF patients, with either rheumatic mitral valve stenosis or mechanical prosthetic heart valves; (ii) EHRA type 2 includes AF patients with other valvular heart disease (VHD) and valve bioprosthesis or repair; and (iii) 'non-VHD controls' i...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457259/prosthetic-mitral-valve-thrombosis-malfunction-and-paroxysmal-mitral-regurgitation
#6
Nagaraja Moorthy, Rajiv Ananthakrishna, Dattatreya P V Rao, Satvic C Manjunath, Manjunath C Nanjappa
Intermittent dysfunction of mechanical mitral valve prosthesis is an uncommon condition. It carries serious clinical implications if unrecognized. Here, we present a case of a 28-year-old female with a history of rheumatic multivalvular disease, for which she had undergone double valve replacement and tricuspid annuloplasty. Six months later, she presented with heart failure. Clinical examination revealed intermittent loss of closing clicks followed by a pansystolic murmur at the apex, suggestive of mitral prosthetic valve dysfunction...
March 2018: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096024/antithrombotic-therapy-in-atrial-fibrillation-associated-with-valvular-heart-disease-a-joint-consensus-document-from-the-european-heart-rhythm-association-ehra-and-european-society-of-cardiology-working-group-on-thrombosis-endorsed-by-the-esc-working-group
#7
Gregory Y H Lip, Jean Philippe Collet, Raffaele de Caterina, Laurent Fauchier, Deirdre A Lane, Torben B Larsen, Francisco Marin, Joao Morais, Calambur Narasimhan, Brian Olshansky, Luc Pierard, Tatjana Potpara, Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Karen Sliwa, Gonzalo Varela, Gemma Vilahur, Thomas Weiss, Giuseppe Boriani, Bianca Rocca
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a major worldwide public health problem, and AF in association with valvular heart disease (VHD) is also common. However, management strategies for this group of patients have been less informed by randomized trials, which have largely focused on 'non-valvular AF' patients. Thrombo-embolic risk also varies according to valve lesion and may also be associated with CHA2DS2VASc score risk factor components, rather than only the valve disease being causal. Given marked heterogeneity in the definition of valvular and non-valvular AF and variable management strategies, including non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in patients with VHD other than prosthetic heart valves or haemodynamically significant mitral valve disease, there is a need to provide expert recommendations for professionals participating in the care of patients presenting with AF and associated VHD...
November 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974508/recurrent-prosthetic-heart-valve-thrombosis-secondary-to-eosinophilia-a-missed-diagnosis
#8
Nitish Rai, Shyam S Kothari
Prosthetic heart valve thrombosis (PHVT) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with mechanical heart valves. We present a case of recurrent PHVT associated with eosinophilia. A 17-year-old girl underwent aortic and mitral valve replacement for rheumatic heart disease. Over a period of 4 years, she had four episodes of PHVT despite oral anticoagulation with adequate INR. Her investigations revealed eosinophilia which was missed during the previous episodes. No further episodes of PHVT occurred after treatment of eosinophilia with steroids on limited follow-up...
October 3, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876686/management-of-failed-mitral-valve-replacement-the-durban-experience
#9
D Kistan, M Booysen, G Alexander, T E Madiba
BACKGROUND: Mitral valve replacement is the procedure of choice in patients with severe mitral valve disease. However, these patients are surviving longer and are thus at an increased risk of prosthesis failure or valve-related complications. METHOD: Study setting: Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central Hospital, a tertiary referral Hospital in Durban. Study population: All patients undergoing redo mechanical mitral valve replacement surgery between January 2005 and December 2014...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847146/on-x-versus-st-jude-medical-mechanical-prosthesis-in-mitral-position-are-we-moving-forward-in-design-technology
#10
Ezzeldin A Mostafa, Ashraf A El Midany, Ahmed S Taha, Saeed R El Aasy, Ayman A Doghish, Ahmed Helmy, Sherif A Mansour, Ramy Khorshid, Hosam E Ashor, Yaser Elnahas, Mohammed Saffan
BACKGROUND: Continuous effort is still provided in designing optimal artificial heart valves with better hemodynamic function and reduced thromboembolic potential. The question is do we have moved forward toward this goal or not. METHODS: A prospective, randomized comparative study was done on 360 patients scheduled for elective mitral valve replacement. Patients were grouped into On-X group (n=180) who received On-X mechanical valve and SJM (n=180) who received St Jude mechanical valve...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290168/early-results-of-rheumatic-mitral-valve-repair
#11
Giuseppe Petrone, Panagiotis Theodoropoulos, Prakash P Punjabi
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Mitral valve repair (MVr) in rheumatic heart disease (RHD) remains challenging. The present authors' surgical experience of MVr in 56 patients with RHD operated in between January 2011 and September 2014 is reported. METHODS: Among the patients (mean age 32 ± 11 years), 11 were in NYHA functional class II, 32 in class III, and seven in class IV. An adequate or oversized autologous pericardial patch was sutured to extend the coaptating edge of both the anterior leaflet (in 18 patients) and the posterior leaflet (in 30 patients)...
November 2016: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117248/characteristics-aetiological-spectrum-and-management-of-valvular-heart-disease-in-a-tunisian-cardiovascular-centre
#12
Faten Triki, Jihen Jdidi, Dorra Abid, Nada Tabbabi, Selma Charfeddine, Sahar Ben Kahla, Mourad Hentati, Leila Abid, Samir Kammoun
BACKGROUND: Valvular heart diseases occur frequently in Tunisia, but no precise statistics are available. AIM: To analyse the characteristics of patients with abnormal valvular structure and function, and to identify the aetiological spectrum, treatment and outcomes of valvular heart disease in a single cardiovascular centre in Tunisia. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients with abnormal valvular structure and function, who were screened by transthoracic echocardiography at a single cardiology department between January 2010 and December 2013...
August 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876696/stroke-prevention-strategies-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-and-heart-valve-abnormalities-perceptions-of-valvular-atrial-fibrillation-results-of-the-european-heart-rhythm-association-survey
#13
Tatjana S Potpara, Gregory Y H Lip, Torben B Larsen, Antonio Madrid, Dan Dobreanu, Ewa Jędrzejczyk-Patej, Nikolaos Dagres
The purpose of this European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) Survey was to assess the perceptions of 'valvular' atrial fibrillation (AF) and management of AF patients with various heart valve abnormalities in daily clinical practice in European electrophysiology (EP) centres. Questionnaire survey was sent via the Internet to the EHRA-EP Research Network Centres. Of the 52 responding centres, 42 (80.8%) were university hospitals. Choosing the most comprehensive definition of valvular AF, a total of 49 centres (94...
October 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798368/estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-within-the-normal-or-mildly-impaired-range-and-incident-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation-results-from-a-population-based-cohort-study
#14
Alon Eisen, Moti Haim, Moshe Hoshen, Ran D Balicer, Orna Reges, Morton Leibowitz, Zaza Iakobishvili, David Hasdai
Background Lower estimated glomerular filtration rate, in particular in the significant renal impairment range (estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 ml/min/1.73 m2 ), is associated with incident atrial fibrillation. This association is less established within the normal or mildly impaired estimated glomerular filtration rate range. Methods Using the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) estimated glomerular filtration rate formula, we identified ambulatory adults (>22 years old) without rheumatic heart disease or prosthetic valves and with 60 ml/min/1...
January 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574927/oral-anticoagulation-in-the-elderly-new-oral-anticoagulants-innovative-solution-for-an-old-problem
#15
Mario Barbosa, Luiz Menezes Falcão
Direct oral anticoagulants emerge as the most innovative and promising drug toward preventing and treating cardiovascular disease, raising great interest among the scientific community. Numerous studies and meta-analysis generated much data clarifying clinicians' doubts; however, uncertainties remain regarding their use in particular groups such as patients with prosthetic valves, in valvular atrial fibrillation (defined as atrial fibrillation related to mitral rheumatic heart disease or prosthetic heart valves), among the elderly, in paraneoplastic thromboembolism, in pulmonary embolism with hemodynamic compromise, and scarcity of specific antidotes...
August 29, 2016: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472258/atrial-fibrillation-and-chronic-kidney-disease-requiring-hemodialysis-does-warfarin-therapy-improve-the-risks-of-this-lethal-combination
#16
Lohit Garg, Charity Chen, David E Haines
INTRODUCTION: Warfarin therapy for stroke prevention is recommended for patients with AF, but its value in patients with chronic kidney disease on HD is unknown. METHODS: The anticoagulation regimens of patients with a prior history of AF hospitalized for initiation of chronic HD, and of patients receiving chronic HD who had a new diagnosis of AF between 2009 and 2012 were reviewed. Exclusions were renal transplant, peritoneal dialysis, rheumatic valve disease, prosthetic heart valve, GI bleeding, malignancy with chemotherapy in last 6months or still undergoing treatment, a history of AF ablation, a history of ICD implantation, or those receiving warfarin for non-AF indications...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356759/mechanical-aortic-valve-without-anticoagulation-for-33%C3%A2-years-in-a-yemeni-man-a-case-report
#17
Khadija Aman
BACKGROUND: Mechanical prosthetic heart valves have been used for many decades to replace damaged native valves. Guidelines mandate the use of anticoagulant therapy in patients with mechanical prosthetic valves of any type, irrespective of the position in the heart. The rationale for this is to prevent valve thrombosis and thromboembolic complications without increasing the risk of excess bleeding. We report a case involving a patient with a functioning aortic mechanical valve without any anticoagulation therapy for 33 years...
June 29, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27041159/pathohistological-evidence-of-smoldering-inflammation-in-rheumatic-heart-disease-with-massive-left-atrial-calcification
#18
Mikio Shiba, Yasuo Sugano, Yoshihiko Ikeda, Hatsue Ishibashi-Ueda, Takahiro Ohara, Takuya Hasegawa, Hideaki Kanzaki, Toshihisa Anzai
A 74-year-old man, who had a history of a mitral valve replacement for rheumatic heart disease (RHD) 30 years previously, was admitted with progressive heart failure. Massive calcification was observed around the left atrium on multidetector CT, in addition to a late gadolinium enhancement (LGE)-positive layer adjacently outside of the calcification on MRI. He underwent a second mitral valve replacement for the prosthetic valve failure. Pathohistological analyses of a tissue section of the left atrial wall from a surgical specimen revealed lymphocyte and macrophage infiltration that coincided with the LGE-positive layer on MRI, suggesting the existence of sustained active inflammation even after the long period of RHD...
2016: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26885933/-pharmaceutical-care-for-a-patient-with-warfarin-induced-autoimmune-hepatitis
#19
Wei Liu, Lu Li, Jie Xu, Chao Zhang
Here we reported a patient with warfarin-induced autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), and explored new concerns for the pharmaceutical care of warfarin. A 57- year-old woman was admitted to hospital for repeated anorexia, abdominal pain and abnormal liver function. She received prosthetic heart valve replacement because of rheumatic heart disease, and had started warfarin medication since 2 years before. Her liver function was elevated with highest alanine aminotransferase 861 U/L, aspertate aminotransferase 604 U/L, and total bilirubin 106...
February 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26819429/-clinical-analysis-of-tricuspid-valve-replacement
#20
Jie Li, Tingju Wei, Donghai Liu, Ning Ma, Hong Luo, Weihua Zhang, Chenhui Qiao, Xin Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the outcome of tricuspid valve replacement.
 METHODS: A total of 28 patients (15 males and 13 females) underwent tricuspid valve replacement from March 2000 to February 2015 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were recruited. Among them, 16 patients were Ebstein's anomaly, 7 had rheumatic valve heart disease, 3 and 2 suffered from infective endocarditis and degenerative tricuspid lesions, respectively.
 RESULTS: One patient died of multiple organ failure...
January 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
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