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Prosthetic heart valve rheumatic heart disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096024/antithrombotic-therapy-in-atrial-fibrillation-associated-with-valvular-heart-disease-a-joint-consensus-document-from-the-european-heart-rhythm-association-ehra-and-european-society-of-cardiology-working-group-on-thrombosis-endorsed-by-the-esc-working-group
#1
Gregory Y H Lip, Jean Philippe Collet, Raffaele de Caterina, Laurent Fauchier, Deirdre A Lane, Torben B Larsen, Francisco Marin, Joao Morais, Calambur Narasimhan, Brian Olshansky, Luc Pierard, Tatjana Potpara, Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Karen Sliwa, Gonzalo Varela, Gemma Vilahur, Thomas Weiss, Giuseppe Boriani, Bianca Rocca
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a major worldwide public health problem, and AF in association with valvular heart disease (VHD) is also common. However, management strategies for this group of patients have been less informed by randomized trials, which have largely focused on 'non-valvular AF' patients. Thrombo-embolic risk also varies according to valve lesion and may also be associated with CHA2DS2VASc score risk factor components, rather than only the valve disease being causal. Given marked heterogeneity in the definition of valvular and non-valvular AF and variable management strategies, including non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in patients with VHD other than prosthetic heart valves or haemodynamically significant mitral valve disease, there is a need to provide expert recommendations for professionals participating in the care of patients presenting with AF and associated VHD...
November 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974508/recurrent-prosthetic-heart-valve-thrombosis-secondary-to-eosinophilia-a-missed-diagnosis
#2
Nitish Rai, Shyam S Kothari
Prosthetic heart valve thrombosis (PHVT) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with mechanical heart valves. We present a case of recurrent PHVT associated with eosinophilia. A 17-year-old girl underwent aortic and mitral valve replacement for rheumatic heart disease. Over a period of 4 years, she had four episodes of PHVT despite oral anticoagulation with adequate INR. Her investigations revealed eosinophilia which was missed during the previous episodes. No further episodes of PHVT occurred after treatment of eosinophilia with steroids on limited follow-up...
October 3, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876686/management-of-failed-mitral-valve-replacement-the-durban-experience
#3
D Kistan, M Booysen, G Alexander, T E Madiba
BACKGROUND: Mitral valve replacement is the procedure of choice in patients with severe mitral valve disease. However, these patients are surviving longer and are thus at an increased risk of prosthesis failure or valve-related complications. METHOD: Study setting: Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central Hospital, a tertiary referral Hospital in Durban. Study population: All patients undergoing redo mechanical mitral valve replacement surgery between January 2005 and December 2014...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847146/on-x-versus-st-jude-medical-mechanical-prosthesis-in-mitral-position-are-we-moving-forward-in-design-technology
#4
Ezzeldin A Mostafa, Ashraf A El Midany, Ahmed S Taha, Saeed R El Aasy, Ayman A Doghish, Ahmed Helmy, Sherif A Mansour, Ramy Khorshid, Hosam E Ashor, Yaser Elnahas, Mohammed Saffan
BACKGROUND: Continuous effort is still provided in designing optimal artificial heart valves with better hemodynamic function and reduced thromboembolic potential. The question is do we have moved forward toward this goal or not. METHODS: A prospective, randomized comparative study was done on 360 patients scheduled for elective mitral valve replacement. Patients were grouped into On-X group (n=180) who received On-X mechanical valve and SJM (n=180) who received St Jude mechanical valve...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290168/early-results-of-rheumatic-mitral-valve-repair
#5
Giuseppe Petrone, Panagiotis Theodoropoulos, Prakash P Punjabi
BACKGROUND: Mitral valve repair (MVr) in rheumatic heart disease (RHD) remains challenging. The present authors' surgical experience of MVr in 56 patients with RHD operated in between January 2011 and September 2014 is reported. METHODS: Among the patients (mean age 32 ± 11 years), 11 were in NYHA functional class II, 32 in class III, and seven in class IV. An adequate or oversized autologous pericardial patch was sutured to extend the coaptating edge of both the anterior leaflet (in 18 patients) and the posterior leaflet (in 30 patients)...
November 2016: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117248/characteristics-aetiological-spectrum-and-management-of-valvular-heart-disease-in-a-tunisian-cardiovascular-centre
#6
Faten Triki, Jihen Jdidi, Dorra Abid, Nada Tabbabi, Selma Charfeddine, Sahar Ben Kahla, Mourad Hentati, Leila Abid, Samir Kammoun
BACKGROUND: Valvular heart diseases occur frequently in Tunisia, but no precise statistics are available. AIM: To analyse the characteristics of patients with abnormal valvular structure and function, and to identify the aetiological spectrum, treatment and outcomes of valvular heart disease in a single cardiovascular centre in Tunisia. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients with abnormal valvular structure and function, who were screened by transthoracic echocardiography at a single cardiology department between January 2010 and December 2013...
August 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876696/stroke-prevention-strategies-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-and-heart-valve-abnormalities-perceptions-of-valvular-atrial-fibrillation-results-of-the-european-heart-rhythm-association-survey
#7
Tatjana S Potpara, Gregory Y H Lip, Torben B Larsen, Antonio Madrid, Dan Dobreanu, Ewa Jędrzejczyk-Patej, Nikolaos Dagres
The purpose of this European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) Survey was to assess the perceptions of 'valvular' atrial fibrillation (AF) and management of AF patients with various heart valve abnormalities in daily clinical practice in European electrophysiology (EP) centres. Questionnaire survey was sent via the Internet to the EHRA-EP Research Network Centres. Of the 52 responding centres, 42 (80.8%) were university hospitals. Choosing the most comprehensive definition of valvular AF, a total of 49 centres (94...
October 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798368/estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-within-the-normal-or-mildly-impaired-range-and-incident-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation-results-from-a-population-based-cohort-study
#8
Alon Eisen, Moti Haim, Moshe Hoshen, Ran D Balicer, Orna Reges, Morton Leibowitz, Zaza Iakobishvili, David Hasdai
Background Lower estimated glomerular filtration rate, in particular in the significant renal impairment range (estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 ml/min/1.73 m(2)), is associated with incident atrial fibrillation. This association is less established within the normal or mildly impaired estimated glomerular filtration rate range. Methods Using the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) estimated glomerular filtration rate formula, we identified ambulatory adults (>22 years old) without rheumatic heart disease or prosthetic valves and with 60 ml/min/1...
January 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574927/oral-anticoagulation-in-the-elderly-new-oral-anticoagulants-innovative-solution-for-an-old-problem
#9
Mario Barbosa, Luiz Menezes Falcão
Direct oral anticoagulants emerge as the most innovative and promising drug toward preventing and treating cardiovascular disease, raising great interest among the scientific community. Numerous studies and meta-analysis generated much data clarifying clinicians' doubts; however, uncertainties remain regarding their use in particular groups such as patients with prosthetic valves, in valvular atrial fibrillation (defined as atrial fibrillation related to mitral rheumatic heart disease or prosthetic heart valves), among the elderly, in paraneoplastic thromboembolism, in pulmonary embolism with hemodynamic compromise, and scarcity of specific antidotes...
August 29, 2016: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472258/atrial-fibrillation-and-chronic-kidney-disease-requiring-hemodialysis-does-warfarin-therapy-improve-the-risks-of-this-lethal-combination
#10
Lohit Garg, Charity Chen, David E Haines
INTRODUCTION: Warfarin therapy for stroke prevention is recommended for patients with AF, but its value in patients with chronic kidney disease on HD is unknown. METHODS: The anticoagulation regimens of patients with a prior history of AF hospitalized for initiation of chronic HD, and of patients receiving chronic HD who had a new diagnosis of AF between 2009 and 2012 were reviewed. Exclusions were renal transplant, peritoneal dialysis, rheumatic valve disease, prosthetic heart valve, GI bleeding, malignancy with chemotherapy in last 6months or still undergoing treatment, a history of AF ablation, a history of ICD implantation, or those receiving warfarin for non-AF indications...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356759/mechanical-aortic-valve-without-anticoagulation-for-33%C3%A2-years-in-a-yemeni-man-a-case-report
#11
Khadija Aman
BACKGROUND: Mechanical prosthetic heart valves have been used for many decades to replace damaged native valves. Guidelines mandate the use of anticoagulant therapy in patients with mechanical prosthetic valves of any type, irrespective of the position in the heart. The rationale for this is to prevent valve thrombosis and thromboembolic complications without increasing the risk of excess bleeding. We report a case involving a patient with a functioning aortic mechanical valve without any anticoagulation therapy for 33 years...
June 29, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27041159/pathohistological-evidence-of-smoldering-inflammation-in-rheumatic-heart-disease-with-massive-left-atrial-calcification
#12
Mikio Shiba, Yasuo Sugano, Yoshihiko Ikeda, Hatsue Ishibashi-Ueda, Takahiro Ohara, Takuya Hasegawa, Hideaki Kanzaki, Toshihisa Anzai
A 74-year-old man, who had a history of a mitral valve replacement for rheumatic heart disease (RHD) 30 years previously, was admitted with progressive heart failure. Massive calcification was observed around the left atrium on multidetector CT, in addition to a late gadolinium enhancement (LGE)-positive layer adjacently outside of the calcification on MRI. He underwent a second mitral valve replacement for the prosthetic valve failure. Pathohistological analyses of a tissue section of the left atrial wall from a surgical specimen revealed lymphocyte and macrophage infiltration that coincided with the LGE-positive layer on MRI, suggesting the existence of sustained active inflammation even after the long period of RHD...
2016: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26885933/-pharmaceutical-care-for-a-patient-with-warfarin-induced-autoimmune-hepatitis
#13
Wei Liu, Lu Li, Jie Xu, Chao Zhang
Here we reported a patient with warfarin-induced autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), and explored new concerns for the pharmaceutical care of warfarin. A 57- year-old woman was admitted to hospital for repeated anorexia, abdominal pain and abnormal liver function. She received prosthetic heart valve replacement because of rheumatic heart disease, and had started warfarin medication since 2 years before. Her liver function was elevated with highest alanine aminotransferase 861 U/L, aspertate aminotransferase 604 U/L, and total bilirubin 106...
February 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26819429/-clinical-analysis-of-tricuspid-valve-replacement
#14
Jie Li, Tingju Wei, Donghai Liu, Ning Ma, Hong Luo, Weihua Zhang, Chenhui Qiao, Xin Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the outcome of tricuspid valve replacement.
 METHODS: A total of 28 patients (15 males and 13 females) underwent tricuspid valve replacement from March 2000 to February 2015 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were recruited. Among them, 16 patients were Ebstein's anomaly, 7 had rheumatic valve heart disease, 3 and 2 suffered from infective endocarditis and degenerative tricuspid lesions, respectively.
 RESULTS: One patient died of multiple organ failure...
January 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26674791/-clinical-study-of-stroke-in-young-adults-with-infective-endocarditis
#15
Guifang Cao, Qi Bi, Li Cao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features of stroke in young adults with infective endocarditis (IE). METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of clinical data of young patients (aged between 18 and 44 years) diagnosed with IE in Beijing Anzhen Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2003 to March 2013. RESULTS: Three hundred IE patients (209 male and 91 female) were enrolled with mean age of (31.8 ± 7.8) years old...
September 2015: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26214204/fogarty-maneuver-to-restore-coronary-flow-in-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-desperate-times-call-for-desperate-measures
#16
Mark J Larralde, Ashwad Afzal, Sorin J Brener
Nonatherosclerotic embolism is a rare cause (4%-7%) of coronary occlusion in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients, approximately half of which occur in inadequately anticoagulated patients with prosthetic valves. We report a rare case of a patient with severe rheumatic heart disease and 3 mechanical valves presenting with STEMI that was successfully managed by Fogarty maneuver thrombus extraction after failed thrombus aspiration and balloon angioplasty. A 56-year-old woman presented with an acute anterior STEMI and Killip class III heart failure...
September 2016: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26204698/triple-prosthetic-valve-dysfunction-30-years-after-surgery
#17
Maria Bonou, Eva D Papadimitraki, John Skiadas, John Barbetseas
Triple prosthetic valve operation carries a high peri-procedural risk and is associated with decreased long-term survival. Herein is reported the case of a 59-year-old female with a 30-year history of successful triple-valve replacement for rheumatic heart disease, who presented with symptomatic valvular dysfunction and rhythm disturbances. The patient was one of the few who had survived more than 30 years after triple-valve surgery. Illustrative echocardiograms and cinefluoroscopic images are provided, and issues regarding prosthetic valve dysfunction and rhythm disturbance management in operated patients are briefly discussed...
March 2015: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26160099/prosthetic-valve-thrombosis-in-a-patient-with-mitral-valve-replacement
#18
Muhammad Bilal, Muhammad Shahzeb Khan, Abdul Haseeb, Abdul Bari Khan
Prosthetic valve thrombosis within one year after mitral valve replacement is rarely seen in patients on warfarin therapy and without any risk factor. Here, we describe a case of a 39-year- old female, who presented with dyspnoea and shortness of breath 11 months after mitral valve replacement. The echocardiogram revealed severe valvular stenosis due to presence of clots on the mitral valve and restricted motion of the mitral leaflets. As a result of deterioration of general condition and haemodynamic un-stability, plan was made to re-operate for her valve replacement surgery...
July 2015: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26157465/huge-left-atrium-accompanied-by-normally-functioning-prosthetic-valve
#19
Feridoun Sabzi
Giant left atria are defined as those measuring larger than 8 cm and are typically found in patients who have rheumatic mitral valve disease with severe regurgitation. Enlargement of the left atrium may create compression of the surrounding structures such as the esophagus, pulmonary veins, respiratory tract, lung, inferior vena cava, recurrent laryngeal nerve, and thoracic vertebrae and lead to dysphagia, respiratory dysfunction, peripheral edema, hoarse voice, or back pain. However, a huge left atrium is usually associated with rheumatic mitral valve disease but is very rare in a normally functioning prosthetic mitral valve, as was the case in our patient...
2015: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26141545/evaluation-of-acquired-valvular-heart-disease-by-the-pediatrician-when-to-follow-when-to-refer-for-intervention-part-i
#20
REVIEW
Anita Saxena
Lesions of the heart valves are the commonest acquired cardiac abnormalities seen in pediatric age group. In India, the underlying cause for most valvular diseases is chronic rheumatic heart disease (RHD). The aim of evaluation of patients with valvular heart disease is not only to make a diagnosis, but also to decide the management plan. The pediatrician or physician is usually the first health care provider to whom such patients (or their parents) report. It is therefore imperative that the general physician and pediatricians are well versed with valvular heart diseases...
November 2015: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
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