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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318266/pd-nanoparticles-coupled-to-wo2-72-nanorods-for-enhanced-electrochemical-oxidation-of-formic-acid
#1
Zheng Xi, Daniel P Erdosy, Adriana Mendoza-Garcia, Paul N Duchesne, Junrui Li, Michelle Muzzio, Qing Li, Peng Zhang, Shouheng Sun
We synthesize a new type of hybrid Pd/WO2.72 structure with 5 nm Pd nanoparticles (NPs) anchored on 50 x 5 nm WO2.72 nanorods (NRs). The strong Pd-WO2.72 coupling results in the lattice expansion of Pd from 0.23 nm to 0.27 nm and the decrease of Pd surface electron density. As a result, the Pd/WO2.72 shows much enhanced catalysis towards electrochemical oxidation of formic acid in 0.1 M HClO4 - it has a mass activity of ~1600 mA/mgPd in a broad potential range of 0.4-0.85 V (vs. RHE) and shows no obvious activity loss after a 12 h chronoamperometry test at 0...
March 20, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317341/metal-doping-for-enhancing-the-photoelectrochemical-behavior-of-lafeo3-photocathodes
#2
María Isabel Díez-García, Roberto Gómez
The development of tandem devices for water photosplitting requires finding photocathodic materials based on earth-abundant elements and showing long-term stability in aqueous electrolytes. Ternary metal oxides seem to be a viable option, among which perovskites stand out. In this context, transparent and compact LaFeO3 thin film electrodes have been prepared by sol-gel, both undoped and doped with metals (M) such as magnesium or zinc. Pristine electrodes support the development of cathodic photocurrents in 0...
March 20, 2017: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291338/tuning-sn-catalysis-for-electrochemical-reduction-of-co2-to-co-via-the-core-shell-cu-sno2-structure
#3
Qing Li, Jiaju Fu, Wenlei Zhu, Zhengzheng Chen, Bo Shen, Liheng Wu, Zheng Xi, Tanyuan Wang, Gang Lu, Jun-Jie Zhu, Shouheng Sun
Tin (Sn) is known to be a good catalyst for electrochemical reduction of CO2 to formate in 0.5 M KHCO3. But when a thin layer of SnO2 is coated over Cu nanoparticles, the reduction becomes Sn-thickness dependent: the thicker (1.8 nm) shell shows Sn-like activity to generate formate whereas the thinner (0.8 nm) shell is selective to the formation of CO with the conversion Faradaic efficiency (FE) reaching 93% at -0.7 V (vs reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE)). Theoretical calculations suggest that the 0.8 nm SnO2 shell likely alloys with trace of Cu, causing the SnO2 lattice to be uniaxially compressed and favors the production of CO over formate...
March 16, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287381/a-preliminary-evaluation-of-next-generation-sequencing-as-a-screening-tool-for-targeted-genotyping-of-erythrocyte-and-platelet-antigens-in-blood-donors
#4
Agnieszka Orzińska, Katarzyna Guz, Michał Mikula, Maria Kulecka, Anna Kluska, Aneta Balabas, Monika Pelc-Kłopotowska, Jerzy Ostrowski, Ewa Brojer
BACKGROUND: Matching the compatibility of donor blood with the recipient's antigens prevents alloimmunisation. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology is a promising method for extensive blood group and platelet antigen genotyping of blood donors. It circumvents the limitations of detecting known alleles based on predefined polymorphisms and enables targeted sequencing on a massive scale. The aim of this study was to evaluate the NGS AmpliSeq application on the Ion Torrent platform as a screening tool for genotyping blood donors' erythrocyte/platelet antigens...
March 10, 2017: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277973/an-ancient-transcriptional-regulatory-module-for-tip-growth-has-been-conserved-throughout-the-vascular-plant-lineage
#5
Hyung-Taeg Cho
The root hair development of vascular plants can be divided into two major processes, fate determination and hair morphogenesis, and the latter should be governed by the former so as to express the morphogenetic toolkits in a root hair-specific manner. Vascular plants, depending on taxa, show different fate-determining mechanisms for hair cell/non-hair cell fates, which leads to a question whether the downstream mophogenetic regulatory module is diverged accordingly to the upstream fate determiners or not. Our study demonstrates that the module of a transcription factor and a root hair-specific cis-element (RHE) for root hair-specific expression of morphogenetic toolkit genes is conserved in spite of different fate-determing mechanisms...
February 17, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275723/efficient-oxygen-reduction-catalysis-by-subnanometer-pt-alloy-nanowires
#6
Kezhu Jiang, Dandan Zhao, Shaojun Guo, Xu Zhang, Xing Zhu, Jun Guo, Gang Lu, Xiaoqing Huang
The common knowledge is that Pt and Pt alloy nanoparticles (NPs) less than 2 nm are not desirable for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). However, whether the same trend is expected in Pt-based nanowires (NWs) and nanoplates remains questionable because there is no scalable approach to make such Pt nanostructures. We report a general approach for preparing subnanometer Pt alloy NWs with a diameter of only 4 to 5 atomic layer thickness, ranging from monometallic Pt NWs to bimetallic PtNi and PtCo NWs and to trimetallic PtNiCo NWs...
February 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268373/automated-transepithelial-electrical-resistance-measurements-of-the-epiderm-reconstructed-human-epidermis-model
#7
Frank A Alexander, Joachim Wiest
Understanding the effect of exogenous substances on human skin is critical for toxicology assessment. To address this, numerous artificial models of the topmost layer of human skin, so-called reconstructed human epidermis (RhE), have been created in an attempt to produce a clear analogue for testing. Unfortunately, current testing modalities still rely on endpoint assays and are not capable of monitoring time-resolved changes in barrier function without using numerous redundant samples. In this work, a novel, time-resolved approach is realized by monitoring the transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) of MatTek EpiDerm® reconstructed human epidermis model, utilizing an automated protocol with the Intelligent Mobile Lab for in vitro diagnostics (IMOLA-IVD)...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261728/electrodeposited-hydroxide-surface-covered-porous-nickel-cobalt-alloy-electrodes-for-efficient-oxygen-evolution-reaction
#8
R K Vishnu Prataap, S Mohan
Herein, we present the electrochemical fabrication of a hydroxide surface-covered nickel-cobalt alloy and its superior catalytic activity towards the electrochemical oxygen evolution reaction in alkaline media. Electrodes were fabricated via the galvanostatic and potentiostatic electrodeposition methods in various electrolytic compositions, in which a nanopyramid-like morphology was obtained under the galvanostatic conditions and a porous structure was obtained under the potentiostatic deposition conditions...
March 6, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253447/electrochemical-investigation-of-arsenic-redox-processes-on-pyrite
#9
Devon Renock, James Voorhis
The specific Eh-pH conditions and mechanism(s) for the reduction of arsenite, As(III), by pyrite are incompletely understood. A fundamental question is what role the pyrite surface plays in the reduction process. We used electrochemical methods to evaluate the reduction of As(III) under controlled redox conditions. As(III) reduction to elemental As(0) occurs on the pyrite surface under suboxic-reducing conditions and is promoted at low pH. Remarkably, As(III) reduction on pyrite occurs at similar potentials to those for reduction on platinum metal, suggesting a similar mechanism and kinetics for these surfaces...
March 21, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243927/topical-treatment-of-rosacea-with-ivermectin-inhibits-gene-expression-of-cathelicidin-innate-immune-mediators-ll-37-and-klk5-in-reconstructed-and-ex-vivo-skin-models
#10
Séverine Thibaut de Ménonville, Carine Rosignoli, Estelle Soares, Manon Roquet, Béatrice Bertino, Jean-Paul Chappuis, Claire Defoin-Platel/Chaussade, David Piwnica
INTRODUCTION: Numerous intrinsic and extrinsic factors have been associated with the pathophysiology of rosacea, including dysregulation of innate immunity. A high level of cathelicidin antimicrobial peptides (e.g., LL-37) has been shown in the facial skin of patients with rosacea. Excessive production of both LL-37 and KLK5, the serine protease responsible for its cleavage, has been suggested to play a role in the pathophysiology of rosacea. Ivermectin 10 mg/g cream, indicated for the treatment of inflammatory lesions of rosacea, is reported to have dual anti-parasitic and anti-inflammatory properties...
February 27, 2017: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240557/all-in-one-derivatized-tandem-p-n-silicon-sno2-tio2-water-splitting-photoelectrochemical-cell
#11
Matthew V Sheridan, David J Hill, Benjamin D Sherman, Degao Wang, Seth L Marquard, Kyung-Ryang Wee, James F Cahoon, Thomas J Meyer
Mesoporous metal oxide film electrodes consisting of derivatized 5.5 μm thick SnO2 films with an outer 4.3 nm shell of TiO2 added by atomic layer deposition (ALD) have been investigated to explore unbiased water splitting on p, n, and p(+)n type silicon substrates. Modified electrodes were derivatized by addition of the water oxidation catalyst, [Ru(bda)(4-O(CH2)3PO3H2)-pyr)2], 1, (pyr = pyridine; bda = 2,2'-bipyridine-6,6'-dicarboxylate), and chromophore, [Ru(4,4'-PO3H2-bpy) (bpy)2](2+), RuP(2+), (bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine), which form 2:1 RuP(2+)/1 assemblies on the surface...
March 3, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240391/au-sub-nanoclusters-on-tio2-toward-highly-efficient-and-selective-electrocatalyst-for-n2-conversion-to-nh3-at-ambient-conditions
#12
Miao-Miao Shi, Di Bao, Ba-Ri Wulan, Yong-He Li, Yue-Fei Zhang, Jun-Min Yan, Qing Jiang
As the NN bond in N2 is one of the strongest bonds in chemistry, the fixation of N2 to ammonia is a kinetically complex and energetically challenging reaction and, up to now, its synthesis is still heavily relying on energy and capital intensive Haber-Bosch process (150-350 atm, 350-550 °C), wherein the input of H2 and energy are largely derived from fossil fuels and thus result in large amount of CO2 emission. In this paper, it is demonstrated that by using Au sub-nanoclusters (≈0.5 nm ) embedded on TiO2 (Au loading is 1...
February 27, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230223/observation-of-charge-transfer-cascades-in-%C3%AE-fe2o3-irox-photoanodes-by-operando-x-ray-absorption-spectroscopy
#13
Alessandro Minguzzi, Alberto Naldoni, Ottavio Lugaresi, Elisabetta Achilli, Francesco D'Acapito, Francesco Malara, Cristina Locatelli, Alberto Vertova, Sandra Rondinini, Paolo Ghigna
Electrochemical devices for energy conversion and storage are central for a sustainable economy. The performance of electrodes is driven by charge transfer across different layer materials and an understanding of the mechanistics is pivotal to gain improved efficiency. Here, we directly observe the transfer of photogenerated charge carriers in a photoanode made of hematite (α-Fe2O3) and a hydrous iridium oxide (IrOx) overlayer, which plays a key role in photoelectrochemical water oxidation. Through the use of operando X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), we probe the change in occupancy of the Ir 5d levels during optical band gap excitation of α-Fe2O3...
February 22, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229519/reduced-sno2-porous-nanowires-with-a-high-density-of-grain-boundaries-as-catalysts-for-efficient-electrochemical-co2-into-hcooh-conversion
#14
Bijandra Kumar, Veerendra Atla, J Patrick Brian, Sudesh Kumari, Tu Quang Nguyen, Mahendra Sunkara, Joshua M Spurgeon
Electrochemical conversion of CO2 into energy-dense liquids, such as formic acid, is desirable as a hydrogen carrier and a chemical feedstock. SnOx is one of the few catalysts that reduce CO2 into formic acid with high selectivity but at high overpotential and low current density. We show that an electrochemically reduced SnO2 porous nanowire catalyst (Sn-pNWs) with a high density of grain boundaries (GBs) exhibits an energy conversion efficiency of CO2 -into-HCOOH higher than analogous catalysts. HCOOH formation begins at lower overpotential (350 mV) and reaches a steady Faradaic efficiency of ca...
February 23, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226537/automated-transepithelial-electrical-resistance-measurements-of-the-epiderm-reconstructed-human-epidermis-model
#15
Frank A Alexander, Joachim Wiest, Frank A Alexander, Joachim Wiest, Joachim Wiest, Frank A Alexander
Understanding the effect of exogenous substances on human skin is critical for toxicology assessment. To address this, numerous artificial models of the topmost layer of human skin, so-called reconstructed human epidermis (RhE), have been created in an attempt to produce a clear analogue for testing. Unfortunately, current testing modalities still rely on endpoint assays and are not capable of monitoring time-resolved changes in barrier function without using numerous redundant samples. In this work, a novel, time-resolved approach is realized by monitoring the transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) of MatTek EpiDerm® reconstructed human epidermis model, utilizing an automated protocol with the Intelligent Mobile Lab for in vitro diagnostics (IMOLA-IVD)...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220996/surviving-high-temperature-calcination-zro2-induced-hematite-nanotubes-for-photoelectrochemical-water-oxidation
#16
Chengcheng Li, Ang Li, Zhibin Luo, Jijie Zhang, Xiaoxia Chang, Zhiqi Huang, Tuo Wang, Jinlong Gong
Nanotubular Fe2 O3 is a promising photoanode material, and producing morphologies that withstand high-temperature calcination (HTC) is urgently needed to enhance the photoelectrochemical (PEC) performance. This work describes the design and fabrication of Fe2 O3 nanotube arrays that survive HTC for the first time. By introducing a ZrO2 shell on hydrothermal FeOOH nanorods by atomic layer deposition, subsequent high-temperature solid-state reaction converts FeOOH-ZrO2 nanorods to ZrO2 -induced Fe2 O3 nanotubes (Zr-Fe2 O3 NTs)...
February 21, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217911/understanding-of-strain-effect-in-electrochemical-reduction-of-co2-using-pd-nanostructures-as-an-ideal-platform
#17
Hongwen Huang, Huanhuan Jia, Zhao Liu, Pengfei Gao, Jiangtao Zhao, Zhenlin Luo, Jinlong Yang, Jie Zeng
Tuning the surface strain of heterogeneous catalysts represents a powerful strategy to engineer their catalytic properties by altering the electronic structures. However, a clear and systematic understanding of strain effect in electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide is still lacking, which restricts the use of surface strain as a tool to optimize the performance of electrocatalysts. Herein, we demonstrate the strain effect in electrochemical reduction of CO2 by using Pd octahedra and icosahedra with similar sizes as a well-defined platform...
February 20, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211275/suppression-of-hydrogen-evolution-by-oxygen-reduction-in-nanoporous-electrocatalysts
#18
Ellen E Benn, Bernard Gaskey, Jonah D Erlebacher
Electroreduction of small molecules in aqueous solution often competes with the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), especially if the reaction is driven even moderately hard using a large overpotential. Here, the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) was studied under proton diffusion-limited conditions in slightly acidic electrolytes: a model system to study the relative transport kinetics of protons and reactants to an electrocatalyst and the relationship between transport and catalytic performance. Using dealloyed nanoporous nickel-platinum (np-NiPt) electrodes, we find the hydrogen evolution reaction can be completely suppressed even at high overpotentials (-400 mV vs RHE)...
March 2, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206748/regulated-synthesis-of-mo-sheets-and-their-derivative-mox-sheets-x-p-s-or-c-as-efficient-electrocatalysts-for-hydrogen-evolution-reactions
#19
Jin Jia, Weijia Zhou, Guixiang Li, Linjing Yang, Zhaoqian Wei, Lindie Cao, Yisheng Wu, Kai Zhou, Shaowei Chen
Electrochemical H2 generation from H2O has been focused on the exploration of non-noble metals as well as earth-rich catalysts. In our practical work, we provide a simple cost-efficient fabrication process to prepare large Mo sheets via the controlled equilibrium between sublimation of MoO3 and reduction of H2. Porous MoP sheets were synthesized from the obtained Mo sheets as the Mo source and template which exhibit notable activity in the hydrogen evolution reaction with a low onset potential of -88 mV vs RHE, small Tafel value of 54...
February 23, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191908/il-1beta-induces-thymic-stromal-lymphopoietin-and-an-atopic-dermatitis-like-phenotype-in-reconstructed-healthy-human-epidermis
#20
Marine Bernard, Cédric Carrasco, Léo Laoubi, Béatrice Guiraud, Aurore Rozières, Catherine Goujon, Hélène Duplan, Sandrine Bessou-Touya, Jean-François Nicolas, Marc Vocanson, Marie-Florence Galliano
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common skin inflammatory disease characterized by the production of thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) and a marked TH 2 polarization. Recent studies suggest that IL-1β contributes to the development of AD skin inflammation. Here, we have investigated the impact of IL-1β signalling on the epidermal homeostasis of both healthy subjects and AD patient [with functional filaggrin (FLG) alleles] with particular attention to TSLP production and keratinocyte differentiation. In healthy reconstructed human epidermis (RHE), IL-1β promoted: (i) a robust secretion of TSLP in an NFkB-dependant manner and (ii) a significant decrease in the expression of filaggrin and other proteins of the epidermal differentiation complex...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Pathology
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