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Can Wu, Yuhang Zhang, Duo Dong, Haiming Xie, Jinghong Li
To promote the practical application of electrochemical energy storage and conversion systems, nonprecious electrocatalysts of low cost and with highly efficient performance in oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) are highly desired. In this work, a cubic sodium chloride (NaCl) crystal-templated strategy is proposed for coupling Co9S8 nanoparticles to nitrogen- and sulfur-doped carbon nanosheets (Co9S8/N,S-CNS) by facile pyrolysis. The nitrogen and sulfur dual-doped carbon nanosheets can effectively prevent the aggregation of Co9S8 nanoparticles and greatly improve the conductivity of the hybrid structure...
August 15, 2017: Nanoscale
Seungtaeg Oh, Hakhyeon Song, Jihun Oh
Photoelectrochemical (PEC) cells have attracted much attention as a viable route for storing solar energy and producing value-added chemicals and fuels. However, the competition between light absorption and electrocatalysis at a restrained cocatalyst area on conventional planar-type photoelectrodes could limit their conversion efficiency. Here, we demonstrate a new monolithic photoelectrode architecture that eliminate the optical-electrochemical coupling by forming locally nanostructured cocatalysts on a photoelectrode...
August 11, 2017: Nano Letters
Jie Zhang, Lu Chen, Fengwang Li, Ying Zhang, Cameron Bentley, Mike Horne, Alan Bond
Electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 present in a 30% (w/w) monoethanolamine (MEA) aqueous solution has been undertaken at In, Sn, Bi, Pb, Pd, Ag, Cu and Zn metal electrodes. Upon dissolution of CO2, the non-conducting MEA solution is transformed into a conducting one, as needed for electrochemical reduction of CO2. Both an increase in the electrode surface porosity and addition of surfactant cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) suppress the competing hydrogen evolution reaction with the latter having a significantly stronger impact...
August 10, 2017: ChemSusChem
Xinghua Chen, Fei He, Yanfei Shen, Yiran Yang, Hao Mei, Songqin Liu, Toshiyuki Mori, Yuanjian Zhang
Of note, the mass kinetic current density (mass JK) of most extensively reported M-N/C catalysts (M represents non-precious metal elements such as Fe, Co, and Cu), a potential alternative to noble metal catalyst in fuel cells, is poorer than that of commercial Pt/C. Thus, deep understanding of the intrinsic roles of carbon supports may contribute to the development of M-N/C catalysts from a practical point of view. Herein, the routinely used carbon supports, i.e. carbon black (CB) and carbon nanotubes (CNT) that have different morphology and crystallinity were investigated to uncover the factors that affected the mass JK of Fe-N/C in electrocatalytic oxygen reduction...
August 9, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Shanqing Qu, Jun Huang, Jinsong Yu, Guangliang Chen, Wei Hu, Mengmeng Yin, Rui Zhang, Sijun Chu, Chaorong Li
A facile and effective strategy for fabricating a three-dimensionally (3-D) structured nanocomposite catalyst based on nonprecious metals for water splitting in alkaline electrolyzers is reported in this paper. This nanocomposite catalyst consists of the CdS quantum dots (QDs) decorated Ni3S2 nanosheet flowers deposited on the plasma-treated nickel foam (PNF). The NiO formed during the plasma treatment is shown to play an important role for pushing the hydrogen and oxygen evolution reactions (HER and OER) in alkaline media...
August 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Mohammed A Amin, Sahar A Fadlallah, Ghaida S Alosaimi, Emad M Ahmed, Nasser Y Mostafa, Pascal Roussel, Sabine Szunerits, Rabah Boukherroub
Self-supported electrocatalysts are a new class of materials exhibiting high catalytic performance for various electrochemical processes and can be directly equipped in energy conversion devices. We present here, for the first time, sparse Au NPs self-supported on etched Ti (nanocarved Ti substrate self-supported with TiH2) as promising catalysts for the electrochemical generation of hydrogen (H2) in KOH solutions. Cleaned, as-polished Ti substrates were etched in highly concentrated sulphuric acid solutions without and with 0...
August 3, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Katja Bäsler, Marie-Florence Galliano, Sophia Bergmann, Holger Rohde, Ewa Wladykowski, Sabine Vidal-Y-Sy, Beatrice Guiraud, Pia Houdek, Germar Schüring, Thomas Volksdorf, Antony Caruana, Sandrine Bessou-Touya, Stefan W Schneider, Hélène Duplan, Johanna M Brandner
Bacterial infections (e.g., with Staphylococcus aureus) are serious problems in skin with a compromised barrier, such as in patients with atopic dermatitis. Previously, it was shown that tight junction (TJ) proteins are influenced by staphylococcal infection, and TJ function is impaired after infection of the keratinocyte cell line HaCaT. However, functional studies in cells or models more similar to human skin are missing. Therefore, we investigated bacterial colonialization and infection with live S. aureus in primary human keratinocytes and reconstructed human epidermis (RHE)...
July 28, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Andebet Gedamu Tamirat, Amare Aregahegn Dubale, Wei-Nien Su, Hung-Ming Chen, Bing-Joe Hwang
Hematite (α-Fe2O3) is a suitable candidate for photoelectrochemical water splitting due to its well-suited band structure, stability, and availability. However, water splitting using a low external potential is the major challenge that limits the practical application of hematite. Here, we achieve a very low onset potential using a sequential surface treatment approach to overcome two fundamental limiting factors, sluggish hole transfer, and interfacial recombination, independently. First, a heavily doped Fe2-xSnxO3 surface passivation layer was created by Sn(4+) surface treatment which can robustly inhibit interfacial recombination...
August 9, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Jinlong Gong, Zhibin Luo, Tuo Wang, Jijie Zhang, Chengcheng Li, Huimin Li
This paper describes the introduction of a thin titanium dioxide interlayer that serves as passivation layer and dopant source for hematite (α-Fe2O3) nanoarray photoanode. This interlayer is demonstrated to boost the photocurrent by suppressing the substrate/hematite interfacial charge recombination, and increase the electrical conductivity by enabling Ti4+ incorporation. A dendritic nanostructure of this photoanode with enhanced solid-liquid junction area further improves to the surface charge collection efficiency, generating a photocurrent of ~2...
July 25, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Tung Ngoc Pham, Tiva Sharifi, Robin Sandström, William Siljebo, Andrey Shchukarev, Krisztian Kordas, Thomas Wågberg, Jyri-Pekka Mikkola
Herein we report a 3D heterostructure comprising a hierarchical macroporous carbon foam that incorporates mesoporous carbon nanotubes decorated with cobalt oxide nanoparticles as an unique and highly efficient electrode material for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in electrocatalytic water splitting. The best performing electrode material showed high stability after 10 h, at constant potential of 1.7 V vs. RHE (reversible hydrogen electrode) in a 0.1 M KOH solution and high electrocatalytic activity in OER with low overpotential (0...
July 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
Saeid Masudy-Panah, Roozbeh Siavash Moakhar, Chin Sheng Chua, Ajay Kumar Kushwaha, Goutam Kumar Dalapati
Enhancing stability against photo-corrosion and improving photocurrent response are the main challenges toward the development of cupric oxide (CuO) based photocathodes for solar-driven hydrogen production. In this paper, stable and efficient CuO-photocathodes have been developed using in-situ materials engineering and through gold-palladium (Au-Pd) nanoparticles deposition on the CuO surface. The CuO photocathode exhibits a photocurrent generation of ~3 mA/cm2 at 0V v/s RHE. Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) analysis and X-ray spectroscopy (XPS) confirm the formation of oxygen-rich (O-rich) CuO film which demonstrate highly stable photocathode with retained photocurrent of ~90% for 20 minutes...
July 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Masamichi Isobe, Takaaki Konuma, Yuka Abe-Wada, Kyoko Hirata, Kazuo Ogami, Seiko Kato, Maki Oiwa-Monna, Susumu Tanoue, Tokiko Nagamura-Inoue, Satoshi Takahashi, Arinobu Tojo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
Xinyi Chia, Zdeněk Sofer, Jan Luxa, Martin Pumera
Owing to the anisotropic nature, layered transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have captured tremendous attention for their promising uses in a plethora of applications. Currently, bulk of the research is centered on Group 6 TMDs. Layered noble metal dichalcogenides, in particular the noble metal tellurides, belong to a subset of Group 10 TMDs, wherein the transition metal is a noble metal of either palladium or platinum. We address here a lack of contemporary knowledge on these compounds by providing a comprehensive study on the electrochemistry of layered noble metal tellurides, PdTe2 and PtTe2, and their efficiency as electrocatalysts toward the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER)...
July 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Pooya Hosseini-Benhangi, Chun Haow Kung, Akram Alfantazi, Elöd L Gyenge
High-performance, nonprecious metal bifunctional electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction and evolution reactions (ORR and OER, respectively) are of great importance for rechargeable metal-air batteries and regenerative fuel cells. A comprehensive study based on statistical design of experiments is presented to investigate and optimize the surfactant-assisted structure and the resultant bifunctional ORR/OER activity of anodically deposited manganese oxide (MnOx) catalysts. Three classes of surfactants are studied: anionic (sodium dodecyl sulfate, SDS), non-ionic (t-octylphenoxypolyethoxyethanol, Triton X-100), and cationic (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, CTAB)...
August 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Xue Lu, Zhifeng Liu
A novel one-dimensional Co3O4/CuO/Ag composite structure film was directly grown on indium tin oxide glass substrate by a simple hydrothermal method and electrodeposition method. The film was employed for the first time as a photocathode for photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting to generate hydrogen. The photocurrent density of the Co3O4/CuO/Ag composite structure achieved -5.13 mA cm(-2) at -0.2 V vs. RHE, which is roughly 12.8 times that of 1D Co3O4 nanowires and 3.31 times Co3O4/CuO heterojunction photocathodes...
July 17, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Hao-Fan Wang, Cheng Tang, Bin Wang, Bo-Quan Li, Qiang Zhang
Bifunctional electrocatalysis for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) constitutes the bottleneck of various sustainable energy devices and systems like rechargeable metal-air batteries. Emerging catalyst materials are strongly requested toward superior electrocatalytic activities and practical applications. In this study, transition metal hydroxysulfides are presented as bifunctional OER/ORR electrocatalysts for Zn-air batteries. By simply immersing Co-based hydroxide precursor into solution with high-concentration S(2-) , transition metal hydroxides convert to hydroxysulfides with excellent morphology preservation at room temperature...
July 17, 2017: Advanced Materials
Hemma Mistry, Yong-Wook Choi, Alexander Bagger, Fabian Scholten, Cecile Bonifacio, Ilya Sinev, Nuria J Divins, Ioannis Zegkinoglou, Hyo Sang Jeon, Kim Kisslinger, Eric A Stach, Judith C Yang, Jan Rossmeisl, Beatriz Roldán Cuenya
Efficient, stable catalysts with high selectivity for a single product are essential to making the electroreduction of CO2 a viable route to the synthesis of industrial feedstocks and fuels. We reveal how a plasma oxidation pre-treatment can lead to an enhanced content of low-coordinated active sites which dramatically lower the overpotential and increase the activity of CO2 electroreduction to CO. At -0.6 V vs. RHE, more than 90% Faradaic efficiency towards CO could be achieved on a pre-oxidized silver foil...
July 14, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Monique Manche, Benoît Foligné, Mathieu Sauty, Anne Platel, Eric Vercauteren, Gaétan Rauwel, Sophie Catoire, Hervé Ficheux, Jacques Criquelion, Fabrice Nesslany
Hand hygiene plays a key role in nosocomial infection prevention. To achieve users' adherence, products' dermal tolerance is essential. We aimed at making a comparative assessment of skin irritation and phototoxicity of the 3 alcohols commonly used in alcohol-based hand rubs (Ethanol, Propan-2-ol, Propan-1-ol) at 60, 70, 80 or 85% w/w in water or with co-formulates (hydrating, emollient and skin protective agents). In vitro validated OECD methods 439 and 432 were used. For irritation, EpiSkin™ Small Model was the chosen Reconstructed Human Epidermis (RhE)...
July 9, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
Jeremy T Feaster, Anna L Jongerius, Xinyan Liu, Makoto Urushihara, Stephanie A Nitopi, Christopher Hahn, Karen Chan, Jens K Nørskov, Thomas F Jaramillo
We have studied the influence of low concentrations (0.1 M) of the ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([EMIM]Cl) on suppressing the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) using polycrystalline Ag, Cu, and Fe electrodes in aqueous acidic and basic media. HER suppression is generally desired when aiming to catalyze other reactions of interests, e.g., CO2 electro-reduction. Cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry measurements were performed at potentials between -0.2 and -0.8 V versus the reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE) to investigate HER activity in a simulated CO2 electrolysis environment without the CO2...
July 10, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Si-Jia Li, Di Bao, Miao-Miao Shi, Ba-Ri Wulan, Jun-Min Yan, Qing Jiang
Ammonia synthesis is one of the most kinetically complex and energetically challenging chemical processes in industry and has used the Harber-Bosch catalyst for over a century, which is processed under both harsh pressure (150-350 atm) and hightemperature (623-823 K), wherein the energy and capital intensive Harber-Bosch process has a huge energy cost accounting for about 1%-3% of human's energy consumption. Therefore, there has been a rough and vigorous exploration to find an environmentally benign alternative process...
July 6, 2017: Advanced Materials
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