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Hepatic cardiac syndrome

Raul S Gonzalez, Michael A Gilger, Won Jae Huh, Kay Washington
Context .- Cardiac hepatopathy and Budd-Chiari syndrome are 2 forms of hepatic venous outflow obstruction with different pathophysiology but overlapping histologic findings, including sinusoidal dilation and centrilobular necrosis. Objective .- To determine whether a constellation of morphologic findings could help distinguish between the 2 and could suggest the diagnoses in previously undiagnosed patients. Design .- We identified 26 specimens with a diagnosis of cardiac hepatopathy and 23 with a diagnosis of Budd-Chiari syndrome...
September 28, 2016: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Antonio Mirijello, Gaetano Pepe, Patrizio Zampiello, Giovanni Marco Criconia, Angela Mendola, Antonio Manfrini
BACKGROUND: Approximately 1% of emergency department (ED) visits are due to anaphylaxis. Symptoms can include skin rash, facial and laryngeal edema, dyspnea, vomiting, hypotension, and shock. A transient loss of consciousness can also be a manifestation of anaphylaxis. A variety of electrocardiographic changes due to anaphylaxis have been described for Kounis syndrome, also known as allergic angina. CASE REPORT: Here we describe the case of a male patient presenting at an ED with syncope, anaphylactic shock, and ST-segment elevation on electrocardiogram (ECG)...
October 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Rohini Mehta, Munkzhul Otgonsuren, Zahra Younoszai, Hussain Allawi, Bryan Raybuck, Zobair Younossi
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome and coronary artery disease (CAD) is the cardiac manifestation of metabolic syndrome. NAFLD is strongly linked to CAD and hepatic steatosis is an independent risk factor for CAD and cardiac mortality. The pathogenic mechanism underlying this association remains poorly understood. In this study, we explored expression of circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) in patients with NAFLD and associated CAD...
2016: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
Sarmad Said, Debabrata Mukherjee, Thomas F Whayne
Cardiovascular (CV) disease is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, particularly in the presence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS). Classifications and treatment of the MetS have recently been redefined. While the majority of the cardiac components such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus (DM) and dyslipidemia are objectively measurable elements, a few disparities among the definitions have to be considered that can variably modify diagnosis, treatment and prevention. Noncardiac factors such as liver disease (including, but not limited to, alcoholic and non-alcoholic steatosis/hepatitis), renal disease, severe obesity, polycystic ovarian syndrome and obstructive sleep apnea, may have independent or synergistic relationship with complementary cardiac MetS elements, and these additional risk factors may have an incremental adverse impact on CV outcome...
July 22, 2016: Current Vascular Pharmacology
W Wayne Lautt, Zhi Ming, Dallas J Legare, Kawshik K Chowdhury, Grant M Hatch, Hui Helen Wang
Meal-induced insulin sensitization (MIS) refers to the augmented glucose uptake response to insulin following a meal. Absence of MIS (AMIS) causes significant decrease in post-meal glucose disposal leading to postprandial hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, hyperlipidemia, adiposity, increased free radical stress, and a cluster of progressive metabolic, vascular, and cardiac dysfunctions referred to as the AMIS syndrome. We tested the hypothesis that fat accumulation in the liver and heart is part of the AMIS syndrome...
2015: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Mio Kitano, Gail W Davidson, Lawrence A Shirley, Carl R Schmidt, Gregory E Guy, Hooman Khabiri, Joshua D Dowell, Manisha H Shah, Mark Bloomston
BACKGROUND: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) have a propensity to metastasize to the liver, often resulting in massive tumor burden and hepatic dysfunction. While transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is effective in treating patients with NET metastatic to the liver, there are limited data on its utility and benefit in patients with large hepatic involvement. The aim of our study was to determine the clinical benefit and complication rate of TACE in patients with massive hepatic tumor burden...
July 8, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Masato Yoshihara, Michinori Mayama, Mayu Ukai, Sho Tano, Yasuyuki Kishigami, Hidenori Oguchi
Hepatic infarction is an extremely rare and fatal complication associated with hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets (HELLP) syndrome. It can develop into fulminant liver failure, which increases both maternal and neonatal mortality rates. A 34-year-old woman with no remarkable past medical history developed eclampsia after delivery at 40 weeks of gestation. Imaging indicated massive hepatic infarction and rupture followed by cardiac arrest and fulminant liver failure. Despite liver replacement therapy with plasma exchange and continuous hemodiafiltration, the patient gradually deteriorated with persistent bacterial infection until death at 98 days after delivery...
June 29, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Stephen A Gaeta, Cary Ward, Richard A Krasuski
Advancement in correction or palliation of congenital cardiac lesions has greatly improved the lifespan of congenital heart disease patients, resulting in a rapidly growing adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) population. As this group has increased in number and age, emerging science has highlighted the systemic nature of ACHD. Providers caring for these patients are tasked with long-term management of multiple neurologic, pulmonary, hepatic, renal, and endocrine manifestations that arise as syndromic associations with congenital heart defects or as sequelae of primary structural or hemodynamic abnormalities...
October 2016: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
Tary A Salman, Ahmed M Edrees, Hala H El-Said, Osama L El-Abd, Gasser I El-Azab
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a major risk factor for hepatorenal syndrome. Albumin infusion has been shown to prevent renal impairment and reduce mortality in SBP. The study aimed to compare the effect of different therapeutic modalities on hemodynamics and short clinical outcomes in high-risk patients with SBP. METHODS: Two hundred cirrhotic patients with SBP and bilirubin greater than 4 mg[Fraction Slash]dl or creatinine more than 1 mg[Fraction Slash]dl were enrolled...
July 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Aya M Fattouh, Engy A Mogahed, Nehal Abdel Hamid, Rodina Sobhy, Noha Saber, Hanaa El-Karaksy
BACKGROUND: There is deficiency of data about congenital heart defects (CHDs) in cholestatic disorders of infancy other than Alagille syndrome (AGS). We aimed to define the prevalence and types of CHDs in infants with various causes of cholestatic disorders of infancy. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 139 infants presenting with cholestasis whether surgical or non-surgical. The study was carried out at the Pediatric Hepatology Unit, Cairo University Children's Hospital, Egypt...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Tobias Glück, Peter Alter
Therapeutic implications of marine omega-3 highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFA) in cardiovascular disease are still discussed controversially. Several clinical trials report divergent findings and thus leave ambiguity on the meaning of oral omega-3 therapy. Potential prognostic indications of HUFA treatment have been predominantly studied in coronary artery disease, sudden cardiac death, ventricular arrhythmias, atrial fibrillation and heart failure of various origin. It is suspected that increased ventricular wall stress is crucially involved in the prognosis of heart failure...
July 2016: Vascular Pharmacology
Robert D B Jaquiss, Hamza Aziz
For the child born with a functionally univentricular heart, multi-stage surgical palliation culminating in the Fontan operation is now well established as the standard of care. Though this is an effective approach, there are several inherent disadvantages to the Fontan circulation: subnormal resting cardiac output, impaired exercise capacity, increased risk of thromboembolism, and increased risk of arrhythmia. Perhaps most importantly, the long-term deleterious effects of substantial systemic venous hypertension, which is necessary to "drive" blood through the pulmonary vascular bed, include progressive dysfunction of other organ systems, particularly renal, lymphatic, gastrointestinal, and hepatic systems...
2016: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Annual
Sanja Glišić, David P Cavanaugh, Krishnan K Chittur, Milan Sencanski, Vladimir Perovic, Tijana Bojić
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiological overlapping between Sjorgen's Syndrome (SS) and HCV, presence of anti- muscarinic receptor type 3 (M3R) antibodies in SS, the role that M3R plays in the regulation of the heart rate, has led to the assumption that cardiovagal dysfunction in HCV patients is caused by anti-M3R antibodies elicited by HCV proteins or by their direct interaction with M3R. RESULTS: To identify HCV protein which possibly is crossreactive with M3R or which binds to this receptor, we performed the Informational Spectrum Method (ISM) analysis of the HCV proteome...
2016: BMC Bioinformatics
Naomi B Haas, Judith Manola, Robert G Uzzo, Keith T Flaherty, Christopher G Wood, Christopher Kane, Michael Jewett, Janice P Dutcher, Michael B Atkins, Michael Pins, George Wilding, David Cella, Lynne Wagner, Surena Matin, Timothy M Kuzel, Wade J Sexton, Yu-Ning Wong, Toni K Choueiri, Roberto Pili, Igor Puzanov, Manish Kohli, Walter Stadler, Michael Carducci, Robert Coomes, Robert S DiPaola
BACKGROUND: Renal-cell carcinoma is highly vascular, and proliferates primarily through dysregulation of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway. We tested sunitinib and sorafenib, two oral anti-angiogenic agents that are effective in advanced renal-cell carcinoma, in patients with resected local disease at high risk for recurrence. METHODS: In this double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised, phase 3 trial, we enrolled patients at 226 study centres in the USA and Canada...
May 14, 2016: Lancet
Huabo Cai, Baoxing Huang, Zhongsheng Zhu, Dongling Dai, Shaoming Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To explore the etiology and clinical characteristics of hypoxic hepatitis (HH) in children. METHOD: Clinical data of 7 patients with HH in Shenzhen Children's Hospital from January 2011 to March 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULT: Seven cases diagnosed as HH, age from 4 months to 11 years, were admitted to pediatric intensive care unit (PICU), and accounted for 0.32% of patients in PICU during the same period. The primary causes of HH were respiratory failure and cardiac shock caused by severe hand-foot-and-mouth disease, fulminant myocarditis, infant muggy syndrome ...
March 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Anna W Chalmers, Jamile M Shammo
Transfusion-dependent anemia is a common feature in a wide array of hematological disorders, including thalassemia, sickle cell disease, aplastic anemia, myelofibrosis, and myelo-dysplastic syndromes. In the absence of a physiological mechanism to excrete excess iron, chronic transfusions ultimately cause iron overload. Without correction, iron overload can lead to end-organ damage, resulting in cardiac, hepatic, and endocrine dysfunction/failure. Iron chelating agents are utilized to reduce iron overload, as they form a complex with iron, leading to its clearance...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Rajesh Kumar Suman, Ipseeta Ray Mohanty, Manjusha K Borde, Ujwala Maheshwari, Y A Deshmukh
Background. The incidence of metabolic syndrome co-existing with diabetes mellitus is on the rise globally. Objective. The present study was designed to develop a unique animal model that will mimic the pathological features seen in individuals with diabetes and metabolic syndrome, suitable for pharmacological screening of drugs. Materials and Methods. A combination of High-Fat Diet (HFD) and low dose of streptozotocin (STZ) at 30, 35, and 40 mg/kg was used to induce metabolic syndrome in the setting of diabetes mellitus in Wistar rats...
2016: Advances in Pharmacological Sciences
Matthew P Cheng, Michael G Kozoriz, Amir A Ahmadi, John Kelsall, Katryn Paquette, Jake M Onrot
BACKGROUND: The immunological literature has been redefining clinical phenomena as hypotheses emerge regarding causal links between triggers, immunologic manifestations, and their specific inflammatory cascades. Of late, autoimmune manifestations that appear to be caused by an external adjuvant have been grouped into a complex syndrome referred to as autoimmune/inflammatory syndrome induced by adjuvants (ASIA). This syndrome may present with diverse clinical problems, which may include neurocognitive impairment, inflammatory musculoskeletal changes, and constitutional symptoms...
2016: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
Dianna L Ng, Farida Al Hosani, M Kelly Keating, Susan I Gerber, Tara L Jones, Maureen G Metcalfe, Suxiang Tong, Ying Tao, Negar N Alami, Lia M Haynes, Mowafaq Ali Mutei, Laila Abdel-Wareth, Timothy M Uyeki, David L Swerdlow, Maha Barakat, Sherif R Zaki
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection causes an acute respiratory illness and is associated with a high case fatality rate; however, the pathogenesis of severe and fatal MERS-CoV infection is unknown. We describe the histopathologic, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural findings from the first autopsy performed on a fatal case of MERS-CoV in the world, which was related to a hospital outbreak in the United Arab Emirates in April 2014. The main histopathologic finding in the lungs was diffuse alveolar damage...
March 2016: American Journal of Pathology
Rebeca Sanabria Mateos, Niamh M Hogan, Dimitri Dorcaratto, Helen Heneghan, Venkatesh Udupa, Donal Maguire, Justin Geoghegan, Emir Hoti
AIM: To evaluate the outcomes of two-stage liver transplant at a single institution, between 1993 and March 2015. METHODS: We reviewed our institutional experience with emergency hepatectomy followed by transplantation for fulminant liver failure over a twenty-year period. A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained liver transplant database was undertaken at a national liver transplant centre. Demographic data, clinical presentation, preoperative investigations, cardiocirculatory parameters, operative and postoperative data were recorded...
February 8, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
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