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Rheumatic heart disease children rct

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26017576/anti-inflammatory-treatment-for-carditis-in-acute-rheumatic-fever
#1
REVIEW
Antoinette Cilliers, Alma J Adler, Haroon Saloojee
BACKGROUND: Rheumatic heart disease remains an important cause of acquired heart disease in developing countries. Although prevention of rheumatic fever and management of recurrences have been well established, optimal management of active rheumatic carditis remains unclear. This is an update of a review published in 2003, and previously updated in 2009 and 2012. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects, both harmful and beneficial, of anti-inflammatory agents such as aspirin, corticosteroids and other drugs in preventing or reducing further valvular damage in patients with acute rheumatic fever...
May 28, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23866796/health-education-interventions-to-raise-awareness-of-rheumatic-fever-a-systematic-review-protocol
#2
Laura Susan Ramsey, Lauren Watkins, Mark Emmanuel Engel
BACKGROUND: There is a significant global health burden associated with acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD), especially in developing countries. ARF and RHD most often strike children and young adults living in impoverished settings, where unhygienic conditions and lack of awareness and knowledge of streptococcal infection progression are common. Secondary prophylactic measures have been recommended in the past, but primary prevention measures have been gaining more attention from researchers frustrated by the perpetual prevalence of ARF and RHD in developing countries...
2013: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22895944/short-term-late-generation-antibiotics-versus-longer-term-penicillin-for-acute-streptococcal-pharyngitis-in-children
#3
REVIEW
Saleh Altamimi, Adli Khalil, Khalid A Khalaiwi, Ruth A Milner, Martin V Pusic, Mohammed A Al Othman
BACKGROUND: The standard duration of treatment for children with acute group A beta hemolytic streptococcus (GABHS) pharyngitis with oral penicillin is 10 days. Shorter duration antibiotics may have comparable efficacy. OBJECTIVES: To summarize the evidence regarding the efficacy of two to six days of newer oral antibiotics (short duration) compared to 10 days of oral penicillin (standard duration) in treating children with acute GABHS pharyngitis. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL 2012, Issue 3) which contains the Cochrane Acute Respiratory Infections Group's Specialized Register, MEDLINE (January 1966 to March week 3, 2012) and EMBASE (January 1990 to April 2012)...
2012: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22696333/anti-inflammatory-treatment-for-carditis-in-acute-rheumatic-fever
#4
REVIEW
Antoinette Cilliers, Juliet Manyemba, Alma J Adler, Haroon Saloojee
BACKGROUND: Rheumatic heart disease remains an important cause of acquired heart disease in developing countries. Although the prevention of rheumatic fever and the management of recurrences is well established, the optimal management of active rheumatic carditis is still unclear. This is an update of a review published in 2003 and previously updated in 2009. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of anti-inflammatory agents such as aspirin, corticosteroids, immunoglobulin and pentoxifylline for preventing or reducing further heart valve damage in patients with acute rheumatic fever...
June 13, 2012: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19160243/short-versus-standard-duration-antibiotic-therapy-for-acute-streptococcal-pharyngitis-in-children
#5
REVIEW
Saleh Altamimi, Adli Khalil, Khalid A Khalaiwi, Ruth Milner, Martin V Pusic, Mohammed A Al Othman
BACKGROUND: The standard duration of treatment for acute group A beta hemolytic streptococcus (GABHS) pharyngitis with oral penicillin is 10 days. Shorter duration antibiotics may have comparable efficacy. OBJECTIVES: To summarize the evidence regarding the efficacy of two to six days of newer oral antibiotics (short duration) compared to 10 days of oral penicillin (standard duration) in treating children with acute GABHS pharyngitis. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library 2007, issue 4), which contains the Acute Respiratory Infections Group's Specialized Register; the Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE); MEDLINE (1966 to October 2007); OLDMEDLINE (1950 to December 1965); and EMBASE (January 1990 to November 2007)...
2009: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16185620/-usefulness-of-cochrane-collaboration-for-pediatric-cardiology
#6
REVIEW
Javier González-de Dios, Albert Balaguer-Santamaría, Carlos Ochoa-Sangrador
The Cochrane Collaboration provides growing and readily accessible resources to help ensure that medical decision-making is based on detailed, methodical, and up-to-date reviews of the best available evidence. We analyzed systematic reviews in the field of pediatric cardiology published by the Cochrane Collaboration's 50 Collaborative Review Groups. We found a total of 20 systematic reviews: 13 published by the Cochrane Neonatal Group, 6 by the Cochrane Heart Group, and 1 by the Cochrane Peripheral Vascular Disease Group...
September 2005: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11157692/intravenous-immunoglobulin-in-acute-rheumatic-fever-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
L M Voss, N J Wilson, J M Neutze, R M Whitlock, R V Ameratunga, L M Cairns, D R Lennon
BACKGROUND: Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) remains the leading cause of acquired heart disease in children worldwide. No therapeutic agent has been shown to alter the clinical outcome of the acute illness. Immunological mechanisms appear to be involved in the pathogenesis of ARF. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), a proven immunomodulator, may benefit cardiac conditions of an autoimmune nature. We investigated whether IVIG modified the natural history of ARF by reducing the extent and severity of carditis...
January 23, 2001: Circulation
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