Read by QxMD icon Read

Roma factor

Tamara E Rosen, Carla A Mazefsky, Roma A Vasa, Matthew D Lerner
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at increased risk for experiencing one or more co-occurring psychiatric conditions. When present, these conditions are associated with additional impairment and distress. It is therefore crucial that clinicians and researchers adequately understand and address these challenges. However, due to symptom overlap, diagnostic overshadowing, and ambiguous symptom presentation in ASD, the assessment of co-occurring conditions in ASD is complex and challenging. Likewise, individual difference factors, such as age, intellectual functioning, and gender, may influence the presentation of co-occurring symptoms...
April 23, 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
Roma Patel, Nirali Rathwa, Sayantani Pramanik Palit, A V Ramachandran, Rasheedunnisa Begum
AIM/HYPOTHESIS: Melatonin is a circadian rhythm regulator and any imbalance in its levels can be related to various metabolic disorders. Melatonin and the genetic variants of Melatonin Receptor 1B (MTNR1B) are reported to be associated with Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) susceptibility. The aim of the present study was to investigate i) plasma melatonin levels ii) Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) of MTNR1B and iii) Genotype-phenotype correlation analysis in T2D patients. METHODS: Plasma and PBMCs were separated from venous blood of 478 diabetes patients and 502 controls...
April 16, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Sandra Kutkienė, Žaneta Petrulionienė, Aleksandras Laucevičius, Marija Petrylaitė, Diana Maskeliūnaitė, Roma Puronaitė, Milda Kovaitė, Irma Kalibaitaitė, Egidija Rinkūnienė, Vilma Dženkevičiūtė, Vytautas Kasiulevičius
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia is highly prevalent and is one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease in Lithuania. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of severe dyslipidemia in Lithuanian middle aged primary prevention population and to investigate cardiovascular risk profile. METHODS: The group of 83,376 people were examined in the Lithuanian High Cardiovascular Risk primary prevention program (LitHiR), during 2009-2015 years. This study recruited middle aged men and women without overt cardiovascular disease...
April 19, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
Reiofeli A Salas-Perez, Christopher A Saski, Rooksana E Noorai, Subodh K Srivastava, Amy L Lawton-Rauh, Robert L Nichols, Nilda Roma-Burgos
Amaranthus palmeri (Amaranthaceae) is a noxious weed in several agroecosystems and in some cases seriously threatens the sustainability of crop production in North America. Glyphosate-resistant Amaranthus species are widespread, prompting the use of alternatives to glyphosate such as glufosinate, in conjunction with glufosinate-resistant crop cultivars, to help control glyphosate-resistant weeds. An experiment was conducted to analyze the transcriptome of A. palmeri plants that survived exposure to 0.55 kg ha-1 glufosinate...
2018: PloS One
Agnieszka Kaluba-Skotarczak, Justyna Magiełda, Anna Romała, Grażyna Kurzawińska, Magdalena Barlik, Krzysztof Drews, Marcin Ożarowski, Tomasz Łoziński, Agnieszka Seremak-Mrozikiewicz
OBJECTIVES: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is one of the main global causes of increased perinatal mortality and fetal and neonatal morbidity. It remains a key challenge for modern perinatal medicine. Negative effects of IUGR are manifested not only in the perinatal period but also at the later stages of life. Proinflammatory cytokines and their polymorphisms are hypothesized to play an important role in IUGR pathomechanisms. The aim of the study was to determine the role of selected polymorphisms (-238G >A, -308G >A and -376G >A) of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in the etiology of intrauterine growth restriction...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
Sandra Torres, Marina P Guerra, Kylee Miller, Patrício Costa, Inês Cruz, Filipa M Vieira, Isabel Brandão, António Roma-Torres, Magda Rocha
There is extensive use of the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) in research and clinical practice in anorexia nervosa (AN), though it is not empirically established in this population. This study aims to examine the factorial validity of the TAS-20 in a Portuguese AN sample (N = 125), testing four different models (ranging from 1 to 4 factors) that were identified in critical examination of existing factor analytic studies. Results of confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) suggested that the three-factor solution, measuring difficulty identifying (DIF) and describing feelings (DDF), and externally oriented thinking (EOT), was the best fitting model...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Jorge Aparicio, Alfonso Sánchez-Muñoz, Josep Gumà, Montserrat Domenech, José A Meana, José García-Sánchez, Romà Bastús, Regina Gironés, Enrique González-Billalabeitia, Naiara Sagastibelza, Sebastián Ochenduszko, Alfredo Sánchez, Josefa Terrasa, Josep R Germà-Lluch, Xavier García Del Muro
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess a risk-adapted strategy for stage I seminoma guided by the presence of rete testis invasion. METHODS: Between January 2013 and December 2015, a total of 135 consecutive patients with stage I seminoma from 18 Spanish tertiary hospitals were included in a prospective multicenter study. Median patient age was 38 years (range 22-60). Preoperative beta-human chorionic gonadotropin was elevated in 9.6% of patients. Rete testis invasion was present in 47...
March 26, 2018: Oncology
Márton Hadarics, Anna Kende
We investigated the connection between moral exclusion of outgroups and on the one hand, right-wing authoritarianism (RWA), and social dominance orientation (SDO) on the other. We assumed that both RWA and SDO would increase the tendency to place other groups out of the scope of justice. However, we also tested whether negative stereotypes about an outgroup's threatening and norm-violating misbehavior would serve as a justification for moral exclusion. These assumptions were tested in connection with Roma, Jewish, and Muslim people as target groups in the Hungarian context (N = 441)...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Social Psychology
Cristina Suárez, Marc Campayo, Romà Bastús, Sergi Castillo, Olatz Etxanitz, Marta Guix, Núria Sala, Enrique Gallardo
Metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) is an incurable malignancy, characterized by its resistance to traditional chemotherapy, radiation, and hormonal therapy. Treatment perspectives and prognosis of patients with mRCC have been significantly improved by advances in the understanding of its molecular pathogenesis, which have led to the development of targeted therapeutics. Different molecular factors derived from the tumor or the host detected in both tissue or serum could be predictive of therapeutic benefit...
March 22, 2018: Targeted Oncology
Emma Weiss, Cristina Japie, Ana Maria Balahura, Daniela Bartos, Elisabeta Badila
BACKGROUND: The Roma population has a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, higher mortality, and shorter life expectancy. It is found in largest numbers in Romania, but published data are still scarce here. We studied cardiovascular risk factors and disease along with target organ damage on a population of Roma inhabitants from Bucharest, Romania. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled, in a community-based participatory research manner, 806 Roma subjects (18-83 years)...
March 19, 2018: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
Isabel Iguacel, Laura Escartín, Juan M Fernández-Alvira, Iris Iglesia, Idoia Labayen, Luis A Moreno, María Pilar Samper, Gerardo Rodríguez
OBJECTIVES: To explore early life risk factors of overweight/obesity at age 6 years and their cumulative effects on overweight/obesity at ages 2, 4 and 6 years. METHODS: Altogether 1031 Spanish children were evaluated at birth and during a 6-year follow-up. Early life risk factors included: parental overweight/obesity, parental origin/ethnicity, maternal smoking during pregnancy, gestational weight gain, gestational age, birth weight, caesarean section, breastfeeding practices and rapid infant weight gain collected via hospital records...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Beáta Gavurová, Boris Popesko, Janusz K Grabara, Samuel Koróny
AIM: Access to primary health care is highly connected to the prevention of cancer mortality, since the risk factors threatening health can be early identified. The aim of this paper is, firstly, to explore similarity within and between the regions of the Slovak Republic and cancer mortality patterns, and secondly, to reveal if similar regions are characterised by the similar access to health care or risk factors occurrence. METHODS: Data on deaths by sex, type of cancer death and region from 1996 to 2014 is provided by the National Health Information Centre of Slovakia...
December 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
Daniela Antolová, Martin Janičko, Monika Halánová, Peter Jarčuška, Andrea Madarasová Gecková, Ingrid Babinská, Zuzana Kalinová, Daniel Pella, Mária Mareková, Eduard Veseliny
The lifestyle, health and social status of the Roma are generally below the standards characteristic for the non-Roma population. This study aimed to find out the seropositivity to Toxoplasma gondii ( T. gondii ) in the population of Roma living in segregated settlements and to compare it with the prevalence of antibodies in the non-Roma population from the catchment area of eastern Slovakia. The seroprevalence of antibodies to T. gondii was significantly higher in the Roma group (45.0%) than in non-Roma inhabitants (24...
February 27, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Daphne Margoni, Kelly Michalakakou, Eleni Angeli, Panagiota Pervanidou, Christina Kanaka-Gantenbein, George Chrousos, Ioannis Papassotiriou, Eleftheria Roma
BACKGROUND: Brain-derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) is a neurotrophin that has a protective role in the nervous system and is involved in neural plasticity. It is abundant in the central nervous system, but is also expressed in the gastrointestinal tract. Coeliac disease (CD), characterized by intestinal inflammation, has some co-morbidity with neurologic and mental disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate circulating BDNF concentrations in patients with CD at diagnosis or on a Gluten Free Diet (GFD) for longer than one year and in healthy controls (HC)...
February 22, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
Martina Miceli, Andrea Mazziotta, Chiara Palumbo, Elia Roma, Eleonora Tosi, Giovanna Longhi, Sergio Abbate, Paolo Lupattelli, Giuseppe Mazzeo, Tecla Gasperi
Taking into account the postulated reaction mechanism for the organocatalytic epoxidation of electron-poor olefins developed by our laboratory, we have investigated the key factors able to positively influence the H-bond network installed inside the substrate/catalyst/oxidizing agent. With this aim, we have: (i) tested a few catalysts displaying various effects that noticeably differ in terms of steric hindrance and electron demand; (ii) employed α-alkylidene oxindoles decorated with different substituents on the aromatic ring ( 11a - g ), the exocylic double bond ( 11h - l ), and the amide moiety ( 11m - v )...
February 16, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Wei Tang, Steven G Smith, Wei Du, Akash Gugilla, Juan Du, John Paul Oliveria, Karen Howie, Brittany M Salter, Gail M Gauvreau, Paul M O'Byrne, Roma Sehmi
Background: Eosinophil-lineage committed progenitor cells (EoP) migrate from the bone marrow and differentiate locally to provide an ongoing source of mature eosinophils in asthmatic inflammatory responses in the airways. Sputum levels of EoP are increased in asthmatics compared to normal controls suggesting an exaggerated eosinophilopoietic environment in the airways. Understanding what factors promote EoP traffic to the airways is important to understand the diathesis of asthma pathology...
2018: Clinical and Translational Allergy
Petra Matyas, Etelka Postyeni, Katalin Komlosi, Renata Szalai, Judit Bene, Lili Magyari, Bela Melegh, Kinga Hadzsiev
Age-related hearing impairment (ARHI) is the most frequent sensory disease in the elderly, which is caused by an interaction between genetic and environmental factors. Here we examined the ethnic differences, allele and genotype frequencies of the NAT2, GRM7, and GRHL2 genes pooled samples of healthy Hungarian and healthy and hearing impaired Roma people. Study populations of healthy Hungarian and Roma subjects were characterized for the rs1799930 NAT2, rs11928865 GRM7, rs10955255, rs13263539, and rs1981361 GRHL2 polymorphisms and deaf Roma subjects were characterized for the rs1799930 NAT2, rs13263539, and rs1981361 GRHL2 using a PCR-RFLP method...
February 17, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Jelen Amador López, Ramón Flecha García, Teresa Sordé Martí
Background: High incidences of drug consumption and mental health problems are found among the Roma population in Spain, a reality that remains understudied. Past studies have indicated the positive role played by the Iglesia Evangélica Filadelfia (IEF) in promoting rehabilitation and prevention of these practices. Objective: In this article, authors analyze in which ways the IEF favors processes of drug rehabilitation and mental health recovery as well as the prevention of these problems among its Roma members...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
N Fournet, L Mollema, W L Ruijs, I A Harmsen, F Keck, J Y Durand, M P Cunha, M Wamsiedel, R Reis, J French, E G Smit, A Kitching, J E van Steenbergen
BACKGROUND: Despite effective national immunisation programmes in Europe, some groups remain incompletely or un-vaccinated ('under-vaccinated'), with underserved minorities and certain religious/ideological groups repeatedly being involved in outbreaks of vaccine preventable diseases (VPD). Gaining insight into factors regarding acceptance of vaccination of 'under-vaccinated groups' (UVGs) might give opportunities to communicate with them in a trusty and reliable manner that respects their belief system and that, maybe, increase vaccination uptake...
January 30, 2018: BMC Public Health
Abhishek Rathore, Vikas K Singh, Sarita K Pandey, Chukka Srinivasa Rao, Vivek Thakur, Manish K Pandey, V Anil Kumar, Roma Rani Das
Agricultural disciplines are becoming data intensive and the agricultural research data generation technologies are becoming sophisticated and high throughput. On the one hand, high-throughput genotyping is generating petabytes of data; on the other hand, high-throughput phenotyping platforms are also generating data of similar magnitude. Under modern integrated crop breeding, scientists are working together by integrating genomic and phenomic data sets of huge data volumes on a routine basis. To manage such huge research data sets and use them appropriately in decision making, Data Management Analysis & Decision Support Tools (DMASTs) are a prerequisite...
January 26, 2018: Advances in Biochemical Engineering/biotechnology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"