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Roma factor

Laetitia Duval, François-Charles Wolff, Martin McKee, Bayard Roberts
AIM: To investigate differences in vaccination coverage between Roma and otherwise comparable non-Roma children, including factors associated with the vaccination gap, health care access and discrimination faced by Roma. METHODS: We analyse data from the Roma Regional Survey 2011 implemented in twelve countries of Central and South-East Europe. Our sample comprises 8233 children aged up to 6 with 7072 Roma children and 1161 non-Roma children. Estimates of the Roma vaccination gap are estimated using Logit regressions...
October 7, 2016: Vaccine
Mariana de Almeida Lourenço, Izabela Roma, Marcos Renato de Assis
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the occurrence of falls reported by rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and its relation to disease activity, functional capacity and physical fitness. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study constituted by a sample of 97 RA patients from the city of Marília (SP) from 2012 to 2013, were assessed for disease activity. Instruments validated for Brazilian population in order to evaluate physical and functional capacity were used. Data analysis was carried out with descriptive statistics, Spearman correlation and Chi-squared test, considering p<0...
September 22, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Dimitris Papamichail, Ioanna Petraki, Chrisoula Arkoudis, Agis Terzidis, Emmanouil Smyrnakis, Alexis Benos, Takis Panagiotopoulos
BACKGROUND: Research on Roma health is fragmentary as major methodological obstacles often exist. Reliable estimates on vaccination coverage of Roma children at a national level and identification of risk factors for low coverage could play an instrumental role in developing evidence-based policies to promote vaccination in this marginalized population group. METHODS: We carried out a national vaccination coverage survey of Roma children. Thirty Roma settlements, stratified by geographical region and settlement type, were included; 7-10 children aged 24-77 months were selected from each settlement using systematic sampling...
October 2, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
Erika Zelko, Igor Švab, Danica Rotar Pavlič
OBJECTIVES: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measures a patient's subjective experience of his or her health status. We aimed to show how the presence of chronic diseases and satisfaction with family physicians (FPs) were associated with the HRQoL of a Roma population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in May 2011 on a representative sample of 650 Roma living in Prekmurje, Slovenia. The EQ-5D questionnaire was used for measuring the HRQoL of the Roma...
March 2015: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Marjorie L McCullough, Susan M Gapstur, Roma Shah, Peter T Campbell, Ying Wang, Colleen Doyle, Mia M Gaudet
PURPOSE: Due to the limited evidence on the role of diet and cause-specific mortality among breast cancer survivors, current nutrition guidelines for this population are consistent with those for cancer prevention. We evaluated whether diets consistent with the American Cancer Society recommendations for cancer prevention were associated with risk of death in breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Participants reported information on diet and other factors at baseline in 1992-1993 and twice during follow-up...
September 19, 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Terryl J Hartman, Susan M Gapstur, Mia M Gaudet, Roma Shah, W Dana Flanders, Ying Wang, Marjorie L McCullough
BACKGROUND: Dietary energy density (ED) is a measure of diet quality that estimates the amount of energy per unit of food (kilocalories per gram) consumed. Low-ED diets are generally high in fiber and fruits and vegetables and low in fat. Dietary ED has been positively associated with body mass index (BMI) and other risk factors for postmenopausal breast cancer. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the associations of total dietary ED and energy-dense (high-ED) foods with postmenopausal breast cancer incidence...
October 2016: Journal of Nutrition
Szilvia Fiatal, Réka Tóth, Ágota Moravcsik-Kornyicki, Zsigmond Kósa, János Sándor, Martin McKee, Róza Ádány
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of smoking in Romani of both genders is significantly higher than in the general population. Our aim was to determine whether a genetic susceptibility contributes to the high prevalence of smoking among Roma in a study based on data collected from cross-sectional surveys. METHODS: Twenty single nucleotide polymorphisms known to be closely related to smoking behavior were investigated in DNA samples of Hungarian Roma (N = 1273) and general (N = 2388) populations...
June 27, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Agnieszka Wąsik, Irena Romańska, Lucyna Antkiewicz-Michaluk
The etiology of Parkinson's disease (PD) may involve endogenous and exogenous factors. 1-Benzyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline (1BnTIQ), which was shown to be neurotoxic for dopaminergic neurons, is one of such factors, thus it can be used to construct an animal model of PD. In contrast, 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline (TIQ) and 1-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline (1MeTIQ) produce neuroprotective effects acting as monoamino oxidase (MAO) inhibitors and free radical scavengers that reduce oxidative stress in the mammalian brain...
November 2016: Neurotoxicity Research
Michael J Vinikoor, Lloyd Mulenga, Alice Siyunda, Kalo Musukuma, Roma Chilengi, Carolyn Bolton Moore, Benjamin H Chi, Mary-Ann Davies, Matthias Egger, Gilles Wandeler
OBJECTIVE: To describe the liver disease epidemiology among HIV-infected individuals in Zambia. METHODS: We recruited HIV-infected adults (≥18 years) at antiretroviral therapy initiation at two facilities in Lusaka. Using vibration controlled transient elastography we assessed liver stiffness, a surrogate for fibrosis/cirrhosis, and analyzed liver stiffness measurements (LSM) according to established thresholds (>7.0 kPa for significant fibrosis and >11...
August 6, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
L Moscetti, P Vici, T Gamucci, C Natoli, E Cortesi, P Marchetti, D Santini, R Giuliani, I Sperduti, M Mauri, L Pizzuti, M L Mancini, M A Fabbri, V Magri, L Iezzi, V Sini, L D'Onofrio, L Mentuccia, A Vaccaro, S Ramponi, C L Roma, E M Ruggeri
PURPOSE: The everolimus and exemestane combination represents a treatment option for the endocrine sensitive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients. The toxicity profile reported in the Bolero 2 trial showed the feasibility in the selected patients. Few data are available for the unselected population. METHODS: In order to evaluate the safety in the unselected population of the clinical practice and to evaluate a possible association of toxicities with previous treatments, clinical data from 181 consecutive patients were retrospectively collected...
October 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Jae Jun Shin, Ye Ji Lee, Ranah Kim, Da Yong Lee, Kyu-Hee Won, Byung Chul Jee
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of falsely elevated risk of ovarian malignancy algorithm (ROMA) in a group of women with pathologically confirmed endometrioma and to investigate the associated factors. METHODS: One hundred premenopausal women surgically diagnosed with ovarian endometrioma were selected. Preoperative clinical, laboratory, and surgical characteristics were compared between the elevated-risk group (ROMA-premenopausal value, ≥7.4%) and normal-risk group (ROMA-premenopausal value, <7...
July 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
Natasha Stavreva, Ljuben Guguvcevchi, Biljana Kapusevska
INTRODUCTION: Health is the main component of the quality of life, while oral health is component of the general health. The socio-demographic characteristics are one of the important factors for perception of the oral health and the quality of life. The main purpose of this study was to perform an evaluation of the quality of life of geriatric patients (older than 65) with built-in oral prosthetic dentures depending on the ethnic affiliation, level of education and place of living, as socio-demographic characteristics...
2015: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
Shinae Yu, Jin Kyung Lee, Jea-Hoon Kim, Hyosoon Park, Mi Yeon Lee, Seungho Ryu, Min-Jung Kwon, Hee-Yeon Woo
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to establish distribution and reference limits of HE4 and risk of ovarian malignancy algorithm (ROMA) in healthy Korean women and investigated the factors influencing HE4 levels. We also investigated the diagnostic performances of HE4 and ROMA score, compared with CA125. METHODS: We collected specimens from 1809 healthy Korean women, 140 specimens from patients with ovarian cancers (OCs) and 123 specimens from patients with benign ovarian tumor...
October 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Catherine Papon, Nicolas Delarche, Christophe Le Borgne, Frédéric Bauduer
OBJECTIVES: Roma from Central-Eastern Europe experience a reduced life expectancy in comparison with the general population. Predisposing cardiovascular risk factors could be the underlying reason for this. Here for the first time epidemiologic data on the distribution of cardiovascular risk factors in a subgroup of French Roma has been presented. METHODS: A descriptive epidemiological field survey was conducted in the Manouche community of Pau, Southwestern France...
July 15, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
Amy Keefer, Nicole L Kreiser, Vini Singh, Audrey Blakeley-Smith, Amie Duncan, Catherine Johnson, Laura Klinger, Allison Meyer, Judy Reaven, Roma A Vasa
Modified cognitive-behavioral therapy (MCBT) has been demonstrated to reduce anxiety in youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, non-response rates are fairly high. Few studies have investigated factors associated with response. Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) is a treatment target for anxiety and worry in neurotypical populations and has been linked to anxiety and ASD. We sought to examine whether IU affects outcomes following MCBT in 43 children, ages 8-14 years, with ASD without intellectual disability...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Catarina Roma-Rodrigues, Amelie Heuer-Jungemann, Alexandra R Fernandes, Antonios G Kanaras, Pedro V Baptista
In this work, peptides designed to selectively interact with cellular receptors involved in the regulation of angiogenesis were anchored to oligo-ethylene glycol-capped gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and used to evaluate the modulation of vascular development using an ex ovo chick chorioallantoic membrane assay. These nanoparticles alter the balance between naturally secreted pro- and antiangiogenic factors, under various biological conditions, without causing toxicity. Exposure of chorioallantoic membranes to AuNP-peptide activators of angiogenesis accelerated the formation of new arterioles when compared to scrambled peptide-coated nanoparticles...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Neelima Mishra, Bina Srivastava, Ram Suresh Bharti, Roma Rana, Kamlesh Kaitholia, Anupkumar R Anvikar, Manoj Kumar Das, Susanta K Ghosh, Rajendra M Bhatt, Prajesh K Tyagi, Vas Dev, Sobhan Phookan, Suman Lata Wattal, Gagan Singh Sonal, Akshay Chand Dhariwal, Neena Valecha
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: To combat the problem of antimalarial drug resistance, monitoring the changes in drug efficacy over time through periodic surveillance is essential. Since 2009, systematic and continuous monitoring is being done through nationwide sentinel site system. Potential early warning signs like partner drug resistance markers were also monitored in the clinical samples from the study areas. METHODS: A total of 1864 patients with acute uncomplicated malaria were enrolled in therapeutic efficacy studies of artesunate plus sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (AS+SP) for Plasmodium falciparum; those infected with P...
April 2016: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Giedre Sirvinskiene, Nida Zemaitiene, Roma Jusiene, Egle Markuniene
Emotional and behavioral problems at an early age can reasonably be considered a high-risk factor for later mental health disorders. The aim of the article is to reveal predictive factors of 1½-year-old children's emotional and behavioral problems. The study was a part of a prospective birth-cohort study. The study sample consisted of 172 full-term infants (born during Gestational Weeks 37-42) and their mothers. Emotional and behavioral problems at the age of 1½ years were measured using the Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 1½-5 (T...
July 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
Ruxandra Mălina Petrescu-Mag, Dacinia Crina Petrescu, Ioan Gheorghe Oroian, Ovidiu Călin Safirescu, Nicoleta Bican-Brișan
The paper discusses the necessity to bring environmental equity within the Pata Rât Roma community in Northwest Romania, relying on the answers to three questions: "Does environmental equity exist in Pata Rât?", "How can it be attained?", and "To what extent can it be brought to the targeted people?" It was shown how a trio of factors tailors the destiny of Roma inhabitants: being a minority, their ethnicity, and the fact they are living on and off what society rejects and dumps-a landfill. The framing of the environmental equity concerns within a vision considering negotiation as the most adequate means to attain it is a novel approach...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Magdalena Woźniak, Elżbieta Kaczmarek-Skamira, Krystyna Romańska-Gocka, Rafał Czajkowski, Lucyna Kałużna, Barbara Zegarska
INTRODUCTION: The genetic background of atopic dermatitis (AD) is complex, involves many genes and their participation varies in varied populations, and depends on the intensity and course of a disease. Changes in the nucleotide sequence of the FLG gene and a reduced number or a deficit of the functional product of processed profilaggrin can be one of risk factors for atopic dermatitis. AIM: To determine the prevalence of R501X and 2282del4 mutations of the FLG gene in patients with AD...
April 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
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