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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901243/eating-disorders-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-structural-equation-modelling-of-a-conceptual-model
#1
Ana Isabel Vieira, Bárbara C Machado, Célia S Moreira, Paulo P P Machado, Isabel Brandão, António Roma-Torres, Sónia Gonçalves
Evidence suggests several risk factors for both eating disorders (ED) and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), but the relationships between these factors are not well understood. Considering our previous work and a conceptual model, this cross-sectional study aimed to assess the relationships among distal and proximal factors for the presence of NSSI in ED. We assessed 245 ED patients with the Oxford Risk Factor Interview for ED. Structural equation modelling revealed that both distal and proximal factors were related to the presence of NSSI in ED, disclosing a mediating role of the proximal factors...
June 14, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893990/body-height-in-pediatric-ibd-a-structural-equation-model-analysis
#2
Giorgos Chouliaras, Aimilia Mantzou, Daphne Margoni, Nikolaos Tsilifis, Panagiota Pervanidou, Ioanna Panayotou, Christina Kanaka-Gantenbein, George P Chrousos, Eleftheria Roma-Giannikou
BACKGROUND: Linear growth restriction is a unique feature of pediatric inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) and reduced insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) is a major determinant of short stature. We aimed to assess factors influencing somatic height in children suffering from IBD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional study conducted after approval by Institutional authorities. Anthropometric data, disease-related factors, biochemical and clinical indices of inflammation and endocrine parameters were recorded and considered as explanatory covariates...
June 12, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865994/predictive-study-of-academic-stress-with-the-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-medicine-students-at-a-public-university-in-mexico
#3
Elizabeth Pozos-Radillo, Lourdes Preciado-Serrano, Ana Plascencia-Campos, Armando Morales-Fernández, Rosa Valdez-López
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder associated with stress, which may appear by an educational context, given that students are exposed to demands in the academic environment during their education process that may lead to developing diseases. This study reports on the relationship between the IBS and academic stress and compares results of men and women. METHODS: A random survey was made of 561 medicine students at a public university in Mexico...
December 2018: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789486/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-roma-and-non-roma-people-in-slovakia
#4
Sylvia Drazilova, Martin Janicko, Pavol Kristian, Ivan Schreter, Monika Halanova, Ingrid Urbancikova, Andrea Madarasova-Geckova, Maria Marekova, Daniel Pella, Peter Jarcuska
Prevalence of Hepatitis B is relatively low in developed European countries. However specific subpopulations may exist within each country with markedly different Hepatitis B burden. Roma minority is very numerous in Slovakia and their lifestyle is completely different to non-Roma population. The aim of this study is to map Hepatitis B prevalence in Roma and compare it to non-Roma population and to explore potential socio-economic and health related risk factors. Cross-sectional epidemiology study was performed in Slovakia that included randomly sampled Roma population and geographically corresponding random sampled non-Roma population...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781077/demographic-factors-determining-folic-acid-supplementation-in-pregnant-and-childbearing-age-women
#5
Grażyna Kurzawińska, Justyna Magiełda, Anna Romała, Joanna Bartkowiak-Wieczorek, Magdalena Barlik, Krzysztof Drews, Marcin Ożarowski, Agnieszka Seremak-Mrozikiewicz
OBJECTIVES: Adequate folate intake constitutes a significant problem in the periconceptional period and early pregnancy but can be achieved by folic acid (FA) supplementation. Low intake of folate may cause numerous negative effects on the pregnancy outcome, including recurrent miscarriage, preeclampsia, fetal hypotrophy, premature delivery, premature placental abruption, and intrauterine fetal death. The aim of the study was to evaluate factors determining FA supplementation in the population of Polish women before and during pregnancy...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769034/demand-side-determinants-of-timely-vaccination-of-oral-polio-vaccine-in-social-mobilization-network-areas-of-core-group-polio-project-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#6
Manojkumar Choudhary, Roma Solomon, Jitendra Awale, Rina Dey
BACKGROUND: Children who receive all doses of scheduled vaccines reduce their susceptibility to vaccine-preventable diseases. In India, full immunization coverage has increased significantly. However, only a small proportion of children are immunized on time. Globally, studies on factors affecting coverage of childhood immunization have found a significant impact by demand and supply-side determinants. This paper explores the demand-side determinants of timely immunization of the third dose of oral polio vaccine (OPV3) among children aged 6-11 months in the catchment areas of CORE Group Polio Project India...
May 16, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764305/pregnancy-experiences-of-women-in-rural-romania-understanding-ethnic-and-socioeconomic-disparities
#7
Katherine LeMasters, Anne Baber Wallis, Razvan Chereches, Margaret Gichane, Ciprian Tehei, Andreea Varga, Katherine Tumlinson
Women in rural Romania face significant health disadvantages. This qualitative pilot study describes the structural disadvantage experienced during pregnancy by women in rural Romania, focusing on the lived experiences of Roma women. We explore how women in rural communities experience pregnancy, their interactions with the healthcare system, and the role that ethnic and social factors play in pregnancy and childbearing. We conducted 42 semi-structured interviews with health and other professionals, seven narrative interviews with Roma and non-Roma women and a focus group with Roma women...
May 15, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751522/seroprevalence-of-hepatitis-e-virus-in-roma-settlements-a-comparison-with-the-general-population-in-slovakia
#8
Monika Halánová, Eduard Veseliny, Zuzana Kalinová, Peter Jarčuška, Martin Janičko, Ingrid Urbančíková, Daniel Pella, Sylvia Dražilová, Ingrid Babinská
Hepatitis E infection is one of the most frequent causes of acute hepatitis in the world. Currently five human genotypes with different geographical distributions and distinct epidemiologic patterns are identified. In Slovakia, only rare cases of hepatitis E have been reported in past years. Because the most important risk factors associated with HEV infection include consumption of contaminated pork meat and poor hygienic standards, the aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of anti-HEV total antibodies and the main risk factors for HEV in the population living in separated and segregated Roma settlements ( n = 195), which represent places with increased risk of infection in Slovakia and to compare it with the prevalence in the general population ( n = 69)...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725242/prospects-for-observing-and-localizing-gravitational-wave-transients-with-advanced-ligo-advanced-virgo-and-kagra
#9
REVIEW
B P Abbott, R Abbott, T D Abbott, M R Abernathy, F Acernese, K Ackley, C Adams, T Adams, P Addesso, R X Adhikari, V B Adya, C Affeldt, M Agathos, K Agatsuma, N Aggarwal, O D Aguiar, L Aiello, A Ain, P Ajith, T Akutsu, B Allen, A Allocca, P A Altin, A Ananyeva, S B Anderson, W G Anderson, M Ando, S Appert, K Arai, A Araya, M C Araya, J S Areeda, N Arnaud, K G Arun, H Asada, S Ascenzi, G Ashton, Y Aso, M Ast, S M Aston, P Astone, S Atsuta, P Aufmuth, C Aulbert, A Avila-Alvarez, K Awai, S Babak, P Bacon, M K M Bader, L Baiotti, P T Baker, F Baldaccini, G Ballardin, S W Ballmer, J C Barayoga, S E Barclay, B C Barish, D Barker, F Barone, B Barr, L Barsotti, M Barsuglia, D Barta, J Bartlett, M A Barton, I Bartos, R Bassiri, A Basti, J C Batch, C Baune, V Bavigadda, M Bazzan, B Bécsy, C Beer, M Bejger, I Belahcene, M Belgin, A S Bell, B K Berger, G Bergmann, C P L Berry, D Bersanetti, A Bertolini, J Betzwieser, S Bhagwat, R Bhandare, I A Bilenko, G Billingsley, C R Billman, J Birch, R Birney, O Birnholtz, S Biscans, A Bisht, M Bitossi, C Biwer, M A Bizouard, J K Blackburn, J Blackman, C D Blair, D G Blair, R M Blair, S Bloemen, O Bock, M Boer, G Bogaert, A Bohe, F Bondu, R Bonnand, B A Boom, R Bork, V Boschi, S Bose, Y Bouffanais, A Bozzi, C Bradaschia, P R Brady, V B Braginsky, M Branchesi, J E Brau, T Briant, A Brillet, M Brinkmann, V Brisson, P Brockill, J E Broida, A F Brooks, D A Brown, D D Brown, N M Brown, S Brunett, C C Buchanan, A Buikema, T Bulik, H J Bulten, A Buonanno, D Buskulic, C Buy, R L Byer, M Cabero, L Cadonati, G Cagnoli, C Cahillane, J Calderón Bustillo, T A Callister, E Calloni, J B Camp, K C Cannon, H Cao, J Cao, C D Capano, E Capocasa, F Carbognani, S Caride, J Casanueva Diaz, C Casentini, S Caudill, M Cavaglià, F Cavalier, R Cavalieri, G Cella, C B Cepeda, L Cerboni Baiardi, G Cerretani, E Cesarini, S J Chamberlin, M Chan, S Chao, P Charlton, E Chassande-Mottin, B D Cheeseboro, H Y Chen, Y Chen, H-P Cheng, A Chincarini, A Chiummo, T Chmiel, H S Cho, M Cho, J H Chow, N Christensen, Q Chu, A J K Chua, S Chua, S Chung, G Ciani, F Clara, J A Clark, F Cleva, C Cocchieri, E Coccia, P-F Cohadon, A Colla, C G Collette, L Cominsky, M Constancio, L Conti, S J Cooper, T R Corbitt, N Cornish, A Corsi, S Cortese, C A Costa, M W Coughlin, S B Coughlin, J-P Coulon, S T Countryman, P Couvares, P B Covas, E E Cowan, D M Coward, M J Cowart, D C Coyne, R Coyne, J D E Creighton, T D Creighton, J Cripe, S G Crowder, T J Cullen, A Cumming, L Cunningham, E Cuoco, T Dal Canton, S L Danilishin, S D'Antonio, K Danzmann, A Dasgupta, C F Da Silva Costa, V Dattilo, I Dave, M Davier, G S Davies, D Davis, E J Daw, B Day, R Day, S De, D DeBra, G Debreczeni, J Degallaix, M De Laurentis, S Deléglise, W Del Pozzo, T Denker, T Dent, V Dergachev, R De Rosa, R T DeRosa, R DeSalvo, R C Devine, S Dhurandhar, M C Díaz, L Di Fiore, M Di Giovanni, T Di Girolamo, A Di Lieto, S Di Pace, I Di Palma, A Di Virgilio, Z Doctor, K Doi, V Dolique, F Donovan, K L Dooley, S Doravari, I Dorrington, R Douglas, M Dovale Álvarez, T P Downes, M Drago, R W P Drever, J C Driggers, Z Du, M Ducrot, S E Dwyer, K Eda, T B Edo, M C Edwards, A Effler, H-B Eggenstein, P Ehrens, J Eichholz, S S Eikenberry, R A Eisenstein, R C Essick, Z Etienne, T Etzel, M Evans, T M Evans, R Everett, M Factourovich, V Fafone, H Fair, S Fairhurst, X Fan, S Farinon, B Farr, W M Farr, E J Fauchon-Jones, M Favata, M Fays, H Fehrmann, M M Fejer, A Fernández Galiana, I Ferrante, E C Ferreira, F Ferrini, F Fidecaro, I Fiori, D Fiorucci, R P Fisher, R Flaminio, M Fletcher, H Fong, S S Forsyth, J-D Fournier, S Frasca, F Frasconi, Z Frei, A Freise, R Frey, V Frey, E M Fries, P Fritschel, V V Frolov, Y Fujii, M-K Fujimoto, P Fulda, M Fyffe, H Gabbard, B U Gadre, S M Gaebel, J R Gair, L Gammaitoni, S G Gaonkar, F Garufi, G Gaur, V Gayathri, N Gehrels, G Gemme, E Genin, A Gennai, J George, L Gergely, V Germain, S Ghonge, Abhirup Ghosh, Archisman Ghosh, S Ghosh, J A Giaime, K D Giardina, A Giazotto, K Gill, A Glaefke, E Goetz, R Goetz, L Gondan, G González, J M Gonzalez Castro, A Gopakumar, M L Gorodetsky, S E Gossan, M Gosselin, R Gouaty, A Grado, C Graef, M Granata, A Grant, S Gras, C Gray, G Greco, A C Green, P Groot, H Grote, S Grunewald, G M Guidi, X Guo, A Gupta, M K Gupta, K E Gushwa, E K Gustafson, R Gustafson, J J Hacker, A Hagiwara, B R Hall, E D Hall, G Hammond, M Haney, M M Hanke, J Hanks, C Hanna, M D Hannam, J Hanson, T Hardwick, J Harms, G M Harry, I W Harry, M J Hart, M T Hartman, C-J Haster, K Haughian, K Hayama, J Healy, A Heidmann, M C Heintze, H Heitmann, P Hello, G Hemming, M Hendry, I S Heng, J Hennig, J Henry, A W Heptonstall, M Heurs, S Hild, E Hirose, D Hoak, D Hofman, K Holt, D E Holz, P Hopkins, J Hough, E A Houston, E J Howell, Y M Hu, E A Huerta, D Huet, B Hughey, S Husa, S H Huttner, T Huynh-Dinh, N Indik, D R Ingram, R Inta, K Ioka, H N Isa, J-M Isac, M Isi, T Isogai, Y Itoh, B R Iyer, K Izumi, T Jacqmin, K Jani, P Jaranowski, S Jawahar, F Jiménez-Forteza, W W Johnson, D I Jones, R Jones, R J G Jonker, L Ju, J Junker, T Kagawa, T Kajita, M Kakizaki, C V Kalaghatgi, V Kalogera, M Kamiizumi, N Kanda, S Kandhasamy, S Kanemura, M Kaneyama, G Kang, J B Kanner, S Karki, K S Karvinen, M Kasprzack, Y Kataoka, E Katsavounidis, W Katzman, S Kaufer, T Kaur, K Kawabe, N Kawai, S Kawamura, F Kéfélian, D Keitel, D B Kelley, R Kennedy, J S Key, F Y Khalili, I Khan, S Khan, Z Khan, E A Khazanov, N Kijbunchoo, C Kim, H Kim, J C Kim, J Kim, W Kim, Y-M Kim, S J Kimbrell, N Kimura, E J King, P J King, R Kirchhoff, J S Kissel, B Klein, L Kleybolte, S Klimenko, P Koch, S M Koehlenbeck, Y Kojima, K Kokeyama, S Koley, K Komori, V Kondrashov, A Kontos, M Korobko, W Z Korth, K Kotake, I Kowalska, D B Kozak, C Krämer, V Kringel, B Krishnan, A Królak, G Kuehn, P Kumar, Rahul Kumar, Rakesh Kumar, L Kuo, K Kuroda, A Kutynia, Y Kuwahara, B D Lackey, M Landry, R N Lang, J Lange, B Lantz, R K Lanza, A Lartaux-Vollard, P D Lasky, M Laxen, A Lazzarini, C Lazzaro, P Leaci, S Leavey, E O Lebigot, C H Lee, H K Lee, H M Lee, H W Lee, K Lee, J Lehmann, A Lenon, M Leonardi, J R Leong, N Leroy, N Letendre, Y Levin, T G F Li, A Libson, T B Littenberg, J Liu, N A Lockerbie, A L Lombardi, L T London, J E Lord, M Lorenzini, V Loriette, M Lormand, G Losurdo, J D Lough, C O Lousto, G Lovelace, H Lück, A P Lundgren, R Lynch, Y Ma, S Macfoy, B Machenschalk, M MacInnis, D M Macleod, F Magaña-Sandoval, E Majorana, I Maksimovic, V Malvezzi, N Man, V Mandic, V Mangano, S Mano, G L Mansell, M Manske, M Mantovani, F Marchesoni, M Marchio, F Marion, S Márka, Z Márka, A S Markosyan, E Maros, F Martelli, L Martellini, I W Martin, D V Martynov, K Mason, A Masserot, T J Massinger, M Masso-Reid, S Mastrogiovanni, F Matichard, L Matone, N Matsumoto, F Matsushima, N Mavalvala, N Mazumder, R McCarthy, D E McClelland, S McCormick, C McGrath, S C McGuire, G McIntyre, J McIver, D J McManus, T McRae, S T McWilliams, D Meacher, G D Meadors, J Meidam, A Melatos, G Mendell, D Mendoza-Gandara, R A Mercer, E L Merilh, M Merzougui, S Meshkov, C Messenger, C Messick, R Metzdorff, P M Meyers, F Mezzani, H Miao, C Michel, Y Michimura, H Middleton, E E Mikhailov, L Milano, A L Miller, A Miller, B B Miller, J Miller, M Millhouse, Y Minenkov, J Ming, S Mirshekari, C Mishra, V P Mitrofanov, G Mitselmakher, R Mittleman, O Miyakawa, A Miyamoto, T Miyamoto, S Miyoki, A Moggi, M Mohan, S R P Mohapatra, M Montani, B C Moore, C J Moore, D Moraru, G Moreno, W Morii, S Morisaki, Y Moriwaki, S R Morriss, B Mours, C M Mow-Lowry, G Mueller, A W Muir, Arunava Mukherjee, D Mukherjee, S Mukherjee, N Mukund, A Mullavey, J Munch, E A M Muniz, P G Murray, A Mytidis, S Nagano, K Nakamura, T Nakamura, H Nakano, Masaya Nakano, Masayuki Nakano, K Nakao, K Napier, I Nardecchia, T Narikawa, L Naticchioni, G Nelemans, T J N Nelson, M Neri, M Nery, A Neunzert, J M Newport, G Newton, T T Nguyen, W-T Ni, A B Nielsen, S Nissanke, A Nitz, A Noack, F Nocera, D Nolting, M E N Normandin, L K Nuttall, J Oberling, E Ochsner, E Oelker, G H Ogin, J J Oh, S H Oh, M Ohashi, N Ohishi, M Ohkawa, F Ohme, K Okutomi, M Oliver, K Ono, Y Ono, K Oohara, P Oppermann, Richard J Oram, B O'Reilly, R O'Shaughnessy, D J Ottaway, H Overmier, B J Owen, A E Pace, J Page, A Pai, S A Pai, J R Palamos, O Palashov, C Palomba, A Pal-Singh, H Pan, C Pankow, F Pannarale, B C Pant, F Paoletti, A Paoli, M A Papa, H R Paris, W Parker, D Pascucci, A Pasqualetti, R Passaquieti, D Passuello, B Patricelli, B L Pearlstone, M Pedraza, R Pedurand, L Pekowsky, A Pele, F E Peña Arellano, S Penn, C J Perez, A Perreca, L M Perri, H P Pfeiffer, M Phelps, O J Piccinni, M Pichot, F Piergiovanni, V Pierro, G Pillant, L Pinard, I M Pinto, M Pitkin, M Poe, R Poggiani, P Popolizio, A Post, J Powell, J Prasad, J W W Pratt, V Predoi, T Prestegard, M Prijatelj, M Principe, S Privitera, G A Prodi, L G Prokhorov, O Puncken, M Punturo, P Puppo, M Pürrer, H Qi, J Qin, S Qiu, V Quetschke, E A Quintero, R Quitzow-James, F J Raab, D S Rabeling, H Radkins, P Raffai, S Raja, C Rajan, M Rakhmanov, P Rapagnani, V Raymond, M Razzano, V Re, J Read, T Regimbau, L Rei, S Reid, D H Reitze, H Rew, S D Reyes, E Rhoades, F Ricci, K Riles, M Rizzo, N A Robertson, R Robie, F Robinet, A Rocchi, L Rolland, J G Rollins, V J Roma, R Romano, J H Romie, D Rosińska, S Rowan, A Rüdiger, P Ruggi, K Ryan, S Sachdev, T Sadecki, L Sadeghian, N Sago, M Saijo, Y Saito, K Sakai, M Sakellariadou, L Salconi, M Saleem, F Salemi, A Samajdar, L Sammut, L M Sampson, E J Sanchez, V Sandberg, J R Sanders, Y Sasaki, B Sassolas, B S Sathyaprakash, S Sato, T Sato, P R Saulson, O Sauter, R L Savage, A Sawadsky, P Schale, J Scheuer, E Schmidt, J Schmidt, P Schmidt, R Schnabel, R M S Schofield, A Schönbeck, E Schreiber, D Schuette, B F Schutz, S G Schwalbe, J Scott, S M Scott, T Sekiguchi, Y Sekiguchi, D Sellers, A S Sengupta, D Sentenac, V Sequino, A Sergeev, Y Setyawati, D A Shaddock, T J Shaffer, M S Shahriar, B Shapiro, P Shawhan, A Sheperd, M Shibata, Y Shikano, T Shimoda, A Shoda, D H Shoemaker, D M Shoemaker, K Siellez, X Siemens, M Sieniawska, D Sigg, A D Silva, A Singer, L P Singer, A Singh, R Singh, A Singhal, A M Sintes, B J J Slagmolen, B Smith, J R Smith, R J E Smith, K Somiya, E J Son, B Sorazu, F Sorrentino, T Souradeep, A P Spencer, A K Srivastava, A Staley, M Steinke, J Steinlechner, S Steinlechner, D Steinmeyer, B C Stephens, S P Stevenson, R Stone, K A Strain, N Straniero, G Stratta, S E Strigin, R Sturani, A L Stuver, Y Sugimoto, T Z Summerscales, L Sun, S Sunil, P J Sutton, T Suzuki, B L Swinkels, M J Szczepańczyk, M Tacca, H Tagoshi, S Takada, H Takahashi, R Takahashi, A Takamori, D Talukder, H Tanaka, K Tanaka, T Tanaka, D B Tanner, M Tápai, A Taracchini, D Tatsumi, R Taylor, S Telada, T Theeg, E G Thomas, M Thomas, P Thomas, K A Thorne, E Thrane, T Tippens, S Tiwari, V Tiwari, K V Tokmakov, K Toland, T Tomaru, C Tomlinson, M Tonelli, Z Tornasi, C I Torrie, D Töyrä, F Travasso, G Traylor, D Trifirò, J Trinastic, M C Tringali, L Trozzo, M Tse, R Tso, K Tsubono, T Tsuzuki, M Turconi, D Tuyenbayev, T Uchiyama, T Uehara, S Ueki, K Ueno, D Ugolini, C S Unnikrishnan, A L Urban, T Ushiba, S A Usman, H Vahlbruch, G Vajente, G Valdes, N van Bakel, M van Beuzekom, J F J van den Brand, C Van Den Broeck, D C Vander-Hyde, L van der Schaaf, J V van Heijningen, M H P M van Putten, A A van Veggel, M Vardaro, V Varma, S Vass, M Vasúth, A Vecchio, G Vedovato, J Veitch, P J Veitch, K Venkateswara, G Venugopalan, D Verkindt, F Vetrano, A Viceré, A D Viets, S Vinciguerra, D J Vine, J-Y Vinet, S Vitale, T Vo, H Vocca, C Vorvick, D V Voss, W D Vousden, S P Vyatchanin, A R Wade, L E Wade, M Wade, T Wakamatsu, M Walker, L Wallace, S Walsh, G Wang, H Wang, M Wang, Y Wang, R L Ward, J Warner, M Was, J Watchi, B Weaver, L-W Wei, M Weinert, A J Weinstein, R Weiss, L Wen, P Weßels, T Westphal, K Wette, J T Whelan, B F Whiting, C Whittle, D Williams, R D Williams, A R Williamson, J L Willis, B Willke, M H Wimmer, W Winkler, C C Wipf, H Wittel, G Woan, J Woehler, J Worden, J L Wright, D S Wu, G Wu, W Yam, H Yamamoto, K Yamamoto, T Yamamoto, C C Yancey, K Yano, M J Yap, J Yokoyama, T Yokozawa, T H Yoon, Hang Yu, Haocun Yu, H Yuzurihara, M Yvert, A Zadrożny, L Zangrando, M Zanolin, S Zeidler, J-P Zendri, M Zevin, L Zhang, M Zhang, T Zhang, Y Zhang, C Zhao, M Zhou, Z Zhou, S J Zhu, X J Zhu, M E Zucker, J Zweizig
We present possible observing scenarios for the Advanced LIGO, Advanced Virgo and KAGRA gravitational-wave detectors over the next decade, with the intention of providing information to the astronomy community to facilitate planning for multi-messenger astronomy with gravitational waves. We estimate the sensitivity of the network to transient gravitational-wave signals, and study the capability of the network to determine the sky location of the source. We report our findings for gravitational-wave transients, with particular focus on gravitational-wave signals from the inspiral of binary neutron star systems, which are the most promising targets for multi-messenger astronomy...
2018: Living Reviews in Relativity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707128/rantes-and-il-6-cooperate-in-inducing-a-more-aggressive-phenotype-in-breast-cancer-cells
#10
Marianna Gallo, Daniela Frezzetti, Cristin Roma, Nicoletta Chicchinelli, Antonio Barbieri, Claudio Arra, Giosuè Scognamiglio, Gerardo Botti, Antonella De Luca, Nicola Normanno
Both the CC chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5/RANTES) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), released by mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) as well as by neoplastic cells, promote breast cancer cell progression through autocrine and paracrine mechanisms. In order to assess the effects of the simultaneous overexpression of RANTES and IL-6 on the tumor cell phenotype, we overexpressed both proteins in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cell lines. MCF-7 cells co-expressing RANTES and IL-6 had a greater ability to form colonies in soft agar, compared to cells overexpressing RANTES or IL-6...
April 3, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700008/smoking-and-prostate-cancer-specific-mortality-after-diagnosis-in-a-large-prospective-cohort
#11
Ted Gansler, Roma Shah, Ying Wang, Victoria L Stevens, Baiyu Yang, Christina C Newton, Susan M Gapstur, Eric J Jacobs
Background: Prior studies of prostate cancer survivors suggest that smoking might be associated with higher prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM) after diagnosis with prostate cancer. However, most of these studies were small, and questions remain regarding this association's strength and whether it persists after adjustment for stage and Gleason score. Methods: This analysis included men diagnosed with nonmetastatic prostate cancer between enrollment in the Cancer Prevention Study II Nutrition Cohort in 1992-1993 and June 2013...
June 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683351/co-occurring-psychiatric-conditions-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Tamara E Rosen, Carla A Mazefsky, Roma A Vasa, Matthew D Lerner
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at increased risk for experiencing one or more co-occurring psychiatric conditions. When present, these conditions are associated with additional impairment and distress. It is therefore crucial that clinicians and researchers adequately understand and address these challenges. However, due to symptom overlap, diagnostic overshadowing, and ambiguous symptom presentation in ASD, the assessment of co-occurring conditions in ASD is complex and challenging. Likewise, individual difference factors, such as age, intellectual functioning, and gender, may influence the presentation of co-occurring symptoms...
February 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674279/association-of-melatonin-mtnr1b-variants-with-type-2-diabetes-in-gujarat-population
#13
Roma Patel, Nirali Rathwa, Sayantani Pramanik Palit, A V Ramachandran, Rasheedunnisa Begum
AIM/HYPOTHESIS: Melatonin is a circadian rhythm regulator and any imbalance in its levels can be related to various metabolic disorders. Melatonin and the genetic variants of Melatonin Receptor 1B (MTNR1B) are reported to be associated with Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) susceptibility. The aim of the present study was to investigate i) plasma melatonin levels ii) Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) of MTNR1B and iii) Genotype-phenotype correlation analysis in T2D patients. METHODS: Plasma and PBMCs were separated from venous blood of 478 diabetes patients and 502 controls...
July 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673349/severe-dyslipidemia-and-concomitant-risk-factors-in-the-middle-aged-lithuanian-adults-a-cross-sectional-cohort-study
#14
Sandra Kutkienė, Žaneta Petrulionienė, Aleksandras Laucevičius, Marija Petrylaitė, Diana Maskeliūnaitė, Roma Puronaitė, Milda Kovaitė, Irma Kalibaitaitė, Egidija Rinkūnienė, Vilma Dženkevičiūtė, Vytautas Kasiulevičius
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia is highly prevalent and is one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease in Lithuania. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of severe dyslipidemia in Lithuanian middle aged primary prevention population and to investigate cardiovascular risk profile. METHODS: The group of 83,376 people were examined in the Lithuanian High Cardiovascular Risk primary prevention program (LitHiR), during 2009-2015 years. This study recruited middle aged men and women without overt cardiovascular disease...
April 19, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672568/rna-seq-transcriptome-analysis-of-amaranthus-palmeri-with-differential-tolerance-to-glufosinate-herbicide
#15
Reiofeli A Salas-Perez, Christopher A Saski, Rooksana E Noorai, Subodh K Srivastava, Amy L Lawton-Rauh, Robert L Nichols, Nilda Roma-Burgos
Amaranthus palmeri (Amaranthaceae) is a noxious weed in several agroecosystems and in some cases seriously threatens the sustainability of crop production in North America. Glyphosate-resistant Amaranthus species are widespread, prompting the use of alternatives to glyphosate such as glufosinate, in conjunction with glufosinate-resistant crop cultivars, to help control glyphosate-resistant weeds. An experiment was conducted to analyze the transcriptome of A. palmeri plants that survived exposure to 0.55 kg ha-1 glufosinate...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664552/importance-of-polymorphic-variants-of-tumour-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-gene-in-the-etiology-of-intrauterine-growth-restriction
#16
Agnieszka Kaluba-Skotarczak, Justyna Magiełda, Anna Romała, Grażyna Kurzawińska, Magdalena Barlik, Krzysztof Drews, Marcin Ożarowski, Tomasz Łoziński, Agnieszka Seremak-Mrozikiewicz
OBJECTIVES: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is one of the main global causes of increased perinatal mortality and fetal and neonatal morbidity. It remains a key challenge for modern perinatal medicine. Negative effects of IUGR are manifested not only in the perinatal period but also at the later stages of life. Proinflammatory cytokines and their polymorphisms are hypothesized to play an important role in IUGR pathomechanisms. The aim of the study was to determine the role of selected polymorphisms (-238G >A, -308G >A and -376G >A) of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in the etiology of intrauterine growth restriction...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603033/factorial-validity-of-the-toronto-alexithymia-scale-tas-20-in-clinical-samples-a-critical-examination-of-the-literature-and-a-psychometric-study-in-anorexia-nervosa
#17
Sandra Torres, Marina P Guerra, Kylee Miller, Patrício Costa, Inês Cruz, Filipa M Vieira, Isabel Brandão, António Roma-Torres, Magda Rocha
There is extensive use of the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) in research and clinical practice in anorexia nervosa (AN), though it is not empirically established in this population. This study aims to examine the factorial validity of the TAS-20 in a Portuguese AN sample (N = 125), testing four different models (ranging from 1 to 4 factors) that were identified in critical examination of existing factor analytic studies. Results of confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) suggested that the three-factor solution, measuring difficulty identifying (DIF) and describing feelings (DDF), and externally oriented thinking (EOT), was the best fitting model...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587278/a-risk-adapted-approach-to-patients-with-stage-i-seminoma-according-to-the-status-of-rete-testis-the-fourth-spanish-germ-cell-cancer-group-study
#18
Jorge Aparicio, Alfonso Sánchez-Muñoz, Josep Gumà, Montserrat Domenech, José A Meana, José García-Sánchez, Romà Bastús, Regina Gironés, Enrique González-Billalabeitia, Naiara Sagastibelza, Sebastián Ochenduszko, Alfredo Sánchez, Josefa Terrasa, Josep R Germà-Lluch, Xavier García Del Muro
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess a risk-adapted strategy for stage I seminoma guided by the presence of rete testis invasion. METHODS: Between January 2013 and December 2015, a total of 135 consecutive patients with stage I seminoma from 18 Spanish tertiary hospitals were included in a prospective multicenter study. Median patient age was 38 years (range 22-60). Preoperative beta-human chorionic gonadotropin was elevated in 9.6% of patients. Rete testis invasion was present in 47...
March 26, 2018: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578845/negative-stereotypes-as-motivated-justifications-for-moral-exclusion
#19
Márton Hadarics, Anna Kende
We investigated the connection between moral exclusion of outgroups and on the one hand, right-wing authoritarianism (RWA), and social dominance orientation (SDO) on the other. We assumed that both RWA and SDO would increase the tendency to place other groups out of the scope of justice. However, we also tested whether negative stereotypes about an outgroup's threatening and norm-violating misbehavior would serve as a justification for moral exclusion. These assumptions were tested in connection with Roma, Jewish, and Muslim people as target groups in the Hungarian context (N = 441)...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569164/prognostic-and-predictive-factors-for-renal-cell-carcinoma
#20
Cristina Suárez, Marc Campayo, Romà Bastús, Sergi Castillo, Olatz Etxanitz, Marta Guix, Núria Sala, Enrique Gallardo
Metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) is an incurable malignancy, characterized by its resistance to traditional chemotherapy, radiation, and hormonal therapy. Treatment perspectives and prognosis of patients with mRCC have been significantly improved by advances in the understanding of its molecular pathogenesis, which have led to the development of targeted therapeutics. Different molecular factors derived from the tumor or the host detected in both tissue or serum could be predictive of therapeutic benefit...
March 22, 2018: Targeted Oncology
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