keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

apnoea of preterm

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681194/exposure-to-different-intrauterine-environments-implications-for-telomere-attrition-in-early-life
#1
Isabel Cristina Ribas Werlang, Monique Cabral Hahn, Juliana Rombaldi Bernardi, Martha Nast, Marcelo Zubaran Goldani, Mariana Bohns Michalowski
OBJECTIVE: Studies focusing on telomere attrition in newborns and what factors could be involved in this issue are sparse; most reports have been in adult populations. Thereby, the aim of this study was to present an overview of what is currently known about the relationship between environmental exposure of the fetus during pregnancy and telomere length outcomes in early life. METHODS: The MEDLINE (via PubMed) and Bireme databases were searched for studies published until 1 June, 2016...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666098/a-misplaced-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-presenting-as-contralateral-pleural-effusion
#2
Jogender Kumar, Sudeep K C, Kanya Mukhopadhyay, Somosri Ray
A preterm neonate born at 27 weeks, with a birth weight of 555 g, was on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for apnoea of prematurity and initially received total parenteral nutrition (TPN) through the umbilical venous catheter. Peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) was inserted in the left basilica vein on day 8 to continue TPN. The baby developed respiratory distress with persistent hypoxia after TPN was initiated through the PICC line. The baby required mechanical ventilation due to worsening of respiratory distress, and chest X-ray, as well as ultrasound conducted 12 hours, postinfusion of TPN revealed right-sided pleural effusion...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528500/comparison-of-the-longitudinal-effects-of-persistent-periodic-breathing-and-apnoea-on-cerebral-oxygenation-in-term-and-preterm-born-infants
#3
Rosemary S C Horne, Sunjuri Sun, Stephanie R Yiallourou, Karinna L Fyfe, Alexsandria Odoi, Flora Y Wong
BACKGROUND: Periodic breathing and short apnoeas are common in infants, particularly those born preterm, but are thought to be benign. The aim of our study was to assess the incidence and impact of periodic breathing and apnoea on heart rate, oxygen saturation and brain tissue oxygenation index (TOI) in infants born at term and preterm over the first 6 months after term equivalent age. STUDY DESIGN: 19 infants born at (38-42 weeks gestational age) and 24 preterm infants (born at 27-36 weeks gestational age) were studied at 2-4 weeks, 2-3 months and 5-6 months post-term corrected age during sleep...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499081/beta-blockers-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-preterm-infants
#4
REVIEW
Siree Kaempfen, Roland P Neumann, Kerstin Jost, Sven M Schulzke
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a vision-threatening disease of preterm neonates. The use of beta-adrenergic blocking agents (beta-blockers), which modulate the vasoproliferative retinal process, may reduce the progression of ROP or even reverse established ROP. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of beta-blockers on short-term structural outcomes, long-term functional outcomes, and the need for additional treatment, when used either as prophylaxis in preterm infants without ROP, stage 1 ROP (zone I), or stage 2 ROP (zone II) without plus disease or as treatment in preterm infants with at least prethreshold ROP...
March 2, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168593/respiratory-regulation-by-steroids-in-newborn-rats-a-sex-specific-balance-between-allopregnanolone-and-progesterone-receptors
#5
Vincent Joseph, NagaPraveena Uppari, Hayet Kouchi, Celia De Bruyn, Ryma Boukari, Aida Bairam
What is the central question of this study? What are the contributions of allopregnanolone, the neuroactive metabolite of progesterone, and nuclear (nPR) and membrane (mPR) progesterone receptors to the respiratory effect of progesterone in newborn rats? What is the main finding and its importance? Acute progesterone injection increases the apnoea frequency, whereas finasteride (which blocks the conversion of progesterone to allopregnanolone) reduces apnoea frequency. An nPR agonist decreases apnoea frequency in males and an mPR agonist decreases apnoea frequency in males and females...
February 1, 2018: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918395/non-invasive-high-frequency-oscillatory-ventilation-in-preterm-infants-a-randomised-controlled-cross-over-trial
#6
Daniel Klotz, Hendryk Schneider, Stefan Schumann, Benjamin Mayer, Hans Fuchs
OBJECTIVE: Non-invasive high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (nHFOV) has recently been described as a novel mode of respiratory support for premature infants. This study was designed to determine whether nHFOV decreases CO2 partial pressure (pCO2 ) in premature infants more effectively than non-invasive continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP). DESIGN: Non-blinded prospective randomised controlled cross-over study. SETTING: University Medical Center tertiary neonatal intensive care unit...
September 16, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580602/randomised-study-showed-that-recorded-maternal-voices-reduced-pain-in-preterm-infants-undergoing-heel-lance-procedures-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#7
G Chirico, R Cabano, G Villa, A Bigogno, M Ardesi, E Dioni
AIM: Alleviating pain in neonates should be the goal of all caregivers. We evaluated whether recorded maternal voices were safe and effective in limiting pain in preterm infants undergoing heel lance procedures in the neonatal intensive care unit of an Italian children's hospital. METHODS: This prospective, controlled study took place from December 2013 to December 2015. We enrolled 40 preterm infants, born at a 26-34 weeks of gestation, at a corrected gestational age 29-36 weeks and randomised them to listen or not listen to a recording of their mother's voice during a painful, routine heel lance for blood collection...
October 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471526/preterm-infants-at-discharge-nap-polysomnography-versus-24-hour-oximetry
#8
Tamsin Roberts, Angela Campbell, Peter Larsen, Dawn Elder
AIM: This study aimed to determine whether measures of intermittent hypoxia derived from 24-hour oximetry correlate with measures of apnoea derived from modified nap polysomnography undertaken for preterm infants before discharge. METHODS: Infants born ≤32 weeks of gestation were recruited from the neonatal intensive care unit and had a modified polysomnography to assess their respiratory stability once they were ≥35 weeks of postmenstrual age. Infants were defined as unstable if they had more than 10 obstructive events per hour or any apnoea of >20 seconds in length...
November 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427039/low-dose-growth-hormone-treatment-in-infants-and-toddlers-with-prader-willi-syndrome-is-comparable-to-higher-dosage-regimens
#9
Elly Scheermeyer, Mark Harris, Ian Hughes, Patricia A Crock, Geoffrey Ambler, Charles F Verge, Phil Bergman, George Werther, Maria E Craig, Catherine S Choong, Peter S W Davies
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate benefit and risk of low dose growth hormone treatment (GHT, 4.5mg/m(2)/week) in very young children with Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS). DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal clinical intervention. METHODS: We evaluated 31 infants (aged 2-12months) and 42 toddlers (13-24months) from the PWS-OZGROW database for height, weight and BMI using the World Health Organization standard deviation scores (SDSWHO) and PWS specific BMI (SDSPWS), bone age, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-I) levels and adverse events over 3years of GHT...
June 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419406/routine-oro-nasopharyngeal-suction-versus-no-suction-at-birth
#10
REVIEW
Jann P Foster, Jennifer A Dawson, Peter G Davis, Hannah G Dahlen
BACKGROUND: Oro/nasopharyngeal suction is a method used to clear secretions from the oropharynx and nasopharynx through the application of negative pressure via a suction catheter or bulb syringe. Traditionally, airway oro/nasopharyngeal suction at birth has been used routinely to remove fluid rapidly from the oropharynx and nasopharynx in vigorous and non-vigorous infants at birth. Concerns relating to the reported adverse effects of oro/nasopharyngeal suctioning led to a practice review and routine oro/nasopharyngeal suctioning is no longer recommended for vigorous infants...
April 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181680/early-term-deliveries-and-the-risk-of-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-the-offspring
#11
Asnat Walfisch, Tamar Wainstock, Ofer Beharier, Daniella Landau, Eyal Sheiner
BACKGROUND: Preterm delivery may affect the development of the upper airways resulting in a higher risk of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). We investigated whether children born at early term (37-38 6/7 weeks' gestation) are at an increased risk for childhood OSA as compared with those born later. METHODS: In this population-based cohort analysis all singleton deliveries occurring between 1991-2013 at a single regional tertiary medical centre were included. Gestational age upon delivery was sub-divided into: early preterm (<33 6/7 weeks' gestation), late preterm (34-36 6/7), early term, full term (39-40 6/7), late term (41-41 6/7), and post term (>42 0/7)...
March 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176308/fluid-restriction-for-treatment-of-preterm-infants-with-chronic-lung-disease
#12
REVIEW
Keith J Barrington, Etienne Fortin-Pellerin, Thomas Pennaforte
BACKGROUND: Fluid restriction is often recommended as part of the management of infants with early or established bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). OBJECTIVES: To determine whether fluid restriction as part of the therapeutic intervention for early or established BPD improves clinical outcomes. SEARCH METHODS: We used the standard search strategy of Cochrane Neonatal to search the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2016, Issue 1) in the Cochrane Library (searched 16 February 2016), MEDLINE via PubMed (1966 to 16 February 2016), Embase (1980 to 16 February 2016), and CINAHL (1982 to 16 February 2016)...
February 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160271/topical-anaesthesia-for-needle-related-pain-in-newborn-infants
#13
REVIEW
Jann P Foster, Christine Taylor, Kaye Spence
BACKGROUND: Hospitalised newborn neonates frequently undergo painful invasive procedures that involve penetration of the skin and other tissues by a needle. One intervention that can be used prior to a needle insertion procedure is application of a topical local anaesthetic. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of topical anaesthetics such as amethocaine and EMLA in newborn term or preterm infants requiring an invasive procedure involving puncture of skin and other tissues with a needle...
February 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146296/nasal-intermittent-positive-pressure-ventilation-nippv-versus-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-ncpap-for-preterm-neonates-after-extubation
#14
REVIEW
Brigitte Lemyre, Peter G Davis, Antonio G De Paoli, Haresh Kirpalani
BACKGROUND: Previous randomised trials and meta-analyses have shown that nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) is a useful method for providing respiratory support after extubation. However, this treatment sometimes 'fails' in infants, and they may require endotracheal re-intubation with its attendant risks and expense. Nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) can augment NCPAP by delivering ventilator breaths via nasal prongs. Older children and adults with chronic respiratory failure benefit from NIPPV, and the technique has been applied to neonates...
February 1, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130789/retrospective-study-shows-that-doxapram-therapy-avoided-the-need-for-endotracheal-intubation-in-most-premature-neonates
#15
Robert Flint, Nienke Halbmeijer, Naomi Meesters, Joost van Rosmalen, Irwin Reiss, Monique van Dijk, Sinno Simons
AIM: Using doxapram to treat neonates with apnoea of prematurity might avoid the need for endotracheal intubation and invasive ventilation. We studied whether doxapram prevented the need for intubation and identified the predictors of the success. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of preterm infants born from January 2006 to August 2014 who received oral or intravenous doxapram. Success was defined as no need for endotracheal intubation, due to apnoea, during doxapram therapy...
May 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118641/effects-of-breathing-and-apnoea-during-sustained-inflations-in-resuscitation-of-preterm-infants
#16
Gianluca Lista, Francesco Cavigioli, Paola Azzurra La Verde, Francesca Castoldi, Ilia Bresesti, Colin J Morley
BACKGROUND: A sustained inflation (SI) at birth in preterm babies may be ineffective unless the infants breathe. Gain in lung volume is associated with breathing during delivery room non-invasive management. OBJECTIVE: To describe the breathing patterns of preterm infants during an SI and correlate to a calculated gain in lung volume. METHODS: Retrospective observational study. Data collected from a respiratory function monitor during SI (25 cmH2O for 15 s then PEEP at 5 cmH2O) through a face mask in preterm infants (gestational age [GA] ≤31 weeks)...
2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067942/body-positioning-for-spontaneously-breathing-preterm-infants-with-apnoea
#17
REVIEW
Rami A Ballout, Jann P Foster, Lara A Kahale, Lina Badr
BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that body positioning in preterm infants, as compared with other, more invasive measures, may be an effective method of reducing clinically significant apnoea. OBJECTIVES: To determine effects of body positioning on cardiorespiratory parameters in spontaneously breathing preterm infants with clinically significant apnoea.Subgroup analyses examined effects of body positioning of spontaneously breathing preterm infants with apnoea from the following subgroups...
January 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995649/prediction-of-serum-theophylline-concentrations-and-cytochrome-p450-1a2-activity-by-analyzing-urinary-metabolites-in-preterm-infants
#18
Jin A Sohn, Han-Suk Kim, Jaeseong Oh, Joo-Youn Cho, Kyung-Sang Yu, Juyoung Lee, Seung Han Shin, Jin A Lee, Chang Won Choi, Ee-Kyung Kim, Beyong Il Kim, Eun Ae Park
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to explore clinical markers reflecting developmental changes in drug clearance by preterm infants. METHODS: Preterm infants administered aminophylline or theophylline to treat apnoea of prematurity were enrolled in this study. Trough and one of 2 h, 4 h or 6 h post-dose blood samples and urine samples were collected during steady state, to determine the concentrations of theophylline and its targeted metabolites. CYP1A2*1C and CYP1A2*1F genotypes were analyzed...
June 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924661/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-pregnancy-the-maternal-and-fetal-implications
#19
REVIEW
Shanthi Carnelio, Adam Morton, H David McIntyre
Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) which includes obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS), has emerged as a risk factor for adverse maternal-foetal outcomes in pregnancy. Physiological changes of pregnancy predispose a woman 'at risk' towards developing SDB. The increasing incidence of OSA in pregnancy closely correlates with the population trends of obesity. Common screening tools validated in non-pregnant subjects including Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and Berlin Questionnaire (BQ) are poor predictors of SDB in pregnancy...
February 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888413/improving-manual-oxygen-titration-in-preterm-infants-by-training-and-guideline-implementation
#20
Henriëtte A van Zanten, Steffen C Pauws, Evelien C Beks, Ben J Stenson, Enrico Lopriore, Arjan B Te Pas
To study oxygen saturation (SpO2) targeting before and after training and guideline implementation of manual oxygen titration, two cohorts of preterm infants <30 weeks of gestation needing respiratory support and oxygen therapy were compared. The percentage of the time spent with SpO2 within the target range (85-95%) was calculated (%SpO2-wtr). SpO2 was collected every minute when oxygen is >21%. ABCs where oxygen therapy was given were identified and analyzed. After training and guideline implementation the %SpO2-wtr increased (median interquartile range (IQR)) 48...
January 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
118581
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"