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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429487/effect-of-orthodontic-treatment-on-the-periodontal-tissues
#1
REVIEW
Joseph S Antoun, Li Mei, Kelsi Gibbs, Mauro Farella
Reduced periodontal support is a challenge that clinicians often face during rehabilitation of compromised dentition. The close and intricate relationship between the periodontal tissues and the processes of tooth movement suggest that adjunct orthodontic therapy may play an important role in overcoming these problems. On the other hand, excessive movement of teeth beyond the anatomic boundaries of the alveolar process is commonly believed to contribute to further destruction of the periodontal tissues. This review evaluates the clinical effects of various orthodontic tooth movements on the surrounding periodontal soft tissues and alveolar bone...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429472/transoral-orthodromic-temporalis-muscle-transfer-technique-for-the-paralysed-midface-our-learning-curve-experience-from-the-first-10-cases
#2
Lepa Lazarova, Tristram H Lesser, Samuel C Leong
Sir Harold Gillies first described rotating a band of temporalis muscle over the zygoma where the muscle sling was augmented with strips of fascia lata to rehabilitate facial paralysis (1) . McLaughlin later modified this technique in the 1950s without inversion of the temporal muscle but in an orthodromic manner thus avoiding the soft tissue fullness over the zygomatic arch area and depression of the donor site (2) . Although several refinements of this technique have been described, all required skin incisions on the face until a transoral technique was described recently by this clinical group (3) ...
April 21, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412234/premolar-autotransplantation-in-juvenile-dentition-quantitative-assessment-of-vertical-bone-and-soft-tissue-growth
#3
Inessa Michl, Dirk Nolte, Claudia Tschammler, Martin Kunkel, Robert Linsenmann, Johannes Angermair
OBJECTIVE: Premolar autotransplantation represents an effective therapeutic option for the treatment of juvenile dentition with either aquired or congenital hypodontia. The objective of this prospective clinical study was to quantitatively assess bone and soft tissue levels after autogenous premolar transplantation by clinical and radiographic parameters. STUDY DESIGN: In the study, 26 premolars were transplanted in 20 patients after traumatic tooth loss (n = 16) or congenital aplasia (n = 10) in the anterior maxilla...
February 22, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405484/thyroid-associated-ophthalmopathy
#4
REVIEW
Esra Şahlı, Kaan Gündüz
Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy is the most frequent extrathyroidal involvement of Graves' disease but it sometimes occurs in euthyroid or hypothyroid patients. Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy is an autoimmune disorder, but its pathogenesis is not completely understood. Autoimmunity against putative antigens shared by the thyroid and the orbit plays a role in the pathogenesis of disease. There is an increased volume of extraocular muscles, orbital connective and adipose tissues. Clinical findings of thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy are soft tissue involvement, eyelid retraction, proptosis, compressive optic neuropathy, and restrictive myopathy...
April 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402345/mandibular-regional-anatomical-landmarks-and-clinical-implications-for-ridge-augmentation
#5
Istvan A Urban, Alberto Monje, Hom-Lay Wang, Jaime Lozada, Gabor Gerber, Gabor Baksa
Mandibular ridge augmentation via guided bone regeneration in the atrophic mandible is considered one of the most challenging scenarios for implant-supported oral rehabilitation. Uneventful wound healing has clearly demonstrated its impact on the final regenerative outcome. Soft tissue management must be precise and adequate to attain flap-free wound closure. Accordingly, it demands exhaustive insight and expertise to avoid damaging the neighboring structures. The cadaver study described herein discusses the mandibular morphologic landmarks (ie, musculature, vascularization, innervation, and salivary glands) necessary to safely perform regenerative procedures in the atrophic mandibular ridge, such as vertical ridge augmentation and dental implant surgery...
May 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401197/platelet-rich-fibrin-prf-in-implants-dentistry-in-combination-with-new-bone-regenerative-flapless-technique-evolution-of-the-technique-and-final-results
#6
Antonio Cortese, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Massimo Amato, Candace M Howard, Lorenzo Pedicini, Pier Paolo Claudio
Most common techniques for alveolar bone augmentation are guided bone regeneration (GBR) and autologous bone grafting. GBR studies demonstrated long-term reabsorption using heterologous bone graft. A general consensus has been achieved in implant surgery for a minimal amount of 2 mm of healthy bone around the implant. A current height loss of about 3-4 mm will result in proper deeper implant insertion when alveolar bone expansion is not planned because of the dome shape of the alveolar crest. To manage this situation a split crest technique has been proposed for alveolar bone expansion and the implants' insertion in one stage surgery...
January 2017: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374715/-clinical-experience-with-various-techniques-integrated-treat-the-wounded-with-gunshot-fractures-of-limbs
#7
V K Kozlov, B G Akhmedov, A M Chililov
AIM: To increase an efficiency of complex treatment of patients with diaphyseal gunshot fractures of long bones by introduction of modern minimally invasive surgical techniques of internal osteosynthesis into clinical practice of civil health care and to improve the outcomes in victims. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective comparative clinical trial included 104 victims from the Republic of Yemen with gunshot wounds of limbs of various severity for the period 2009-2011...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356694/naso-orbital-fistula-and-socket-reconstruction-with-radial-artery-forearm-flap-following-orbital-mucormycosis
#8
Ankur Bhatnagar, Amit Agarwal
Invasive mucormycosis is an uncommon cause of orbital exenteration. Reconstruction of an exenterated orbit is a surgical challenge. The loss of eyelids, adnexal structures, and even surrounding skin causes significant facial disfigurement. The goal for reconstruction demands a symmetrical orbital cavity with good prosthetic rehabilitation. Multiple reconstructive options in the form of skin grafts, local flaps, and free flaps are available. However, none of them provide ideal reconstruction. Our patient not only had extensive soft-tissue loss and unstable lining but also a large naso-orbital fistula...
July 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352600/soft-tissue-reconstruction-of-complete-circumferential-defects-of-the-upper-extremity
#9
Zhi Yang Ng, Shaun Shi Yan Tan, Alexandre Gaston Lellouch, Curtis Lisante Cetrulo, Harvey Wei Ming Chim
BACKGROUND: Upper extremity soft tissue defects with complete circumferential involvement are not common. Coupled with the unique anatomy of the upper extremity, the underlying etiology of such circumferential soft tissue defects represent additional reconstructive challenges that require treatment to be tailored to both the patient and the wound. The aim of this study is to review the various options for soft tissue reconstruction of complete circumferential defects in the upper extremity...
March 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351547/the-road-to-union-protocol-for-the-reconstruction-of-isolated-complex-high-energy-tibial-trauma
#10
Erik Hohmann, Franz Birkholtz, Vaida Glatt, Kevin Tetsworth
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to describe a standardized staged approach, "The Road to Union", for the reconstruction of isolated complex tibial trauma, both acute and chronic in nature. METHODS: This retrospective study included all patients treated for complex tibial trauma at a specialized limb reconstruction centre, including acute open fracture as well as infected and aseptic non-unions. This standardized approach includes eight specific steps, employed in sequence...
March 18, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349028/therapeutic-effectiveness-of-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-for-soft-tissue-injury-mechanisms-and-practical-application
#11
REVIEW
Jooyoung Kim, Dong Jun Sung, Joohyung Lee
This article reviews the mechanism and effects of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM), along with guidelines for its practical application. IASTM refers to a technique that uses instruments to remove scar tissues from injured soft tissues and facilitate healing process through formation of new extracellular matrix proteins such as collagen. Recently, frequent use of this instrument has increased in the fields of sports rehabilitation and athlete training. Some experimental studies and case reports have reported that IASTM can significantly improve soft tissue function and range of motion following sports injury, while also reducing pain...
February 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337459/maxillofacial-prosthesis-in-dentofacial-traumas-a-retrospective-clinical-study-and-introduction-of-new-classification-method
#12
Edoardo Brauner, Giorgio Pompa, Alessandro Quarato, Sara Jamshir, Francesca De Angelis, Stefano Di Carlo, Valentino Valentini
Background. Maxillofacial trauma represents a field of common interest as regards both the maxillofacial surgery and prosthodontics, especially for the functional and aesthetic stomatognathic rehabilitation. This condition necessitates relationship between maxillofacial surgeon and prosthodontist, to achieve the ultimate treatment goal. Purpose. The purpose of this study is to make predictable patients outcomes classifying their clinical data, using certain parameters and introducing a new classification method...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322596/motor-imagery-during-action-observation-increases-eccentric-hamstring-force-an-acute-non-physical-intervention
#13
Matthew Scott, Stephen Taylor, Paul Chesterton, Stefan Vogt, Daniel Lloyd Eaves
PURPOSE: Rehabilitation professionals typically use motor imagery (MI) or action observation (AO) to increase physical strength for injury prevention and recovery. Here we compared hamstring force gains for MI during AO (AO + MI) against two pure MI training groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a 3-week intervention physically fit adults imagined Nordic hamstring exercises in both legs and synchronized this with a demonstration of the same action (AO + MI), or they purely imagined this action (pure MI), or imagined upper-limb actions (pure MI-control)...
March 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286396/reconstruction-of-a-post-traumatic-anterior-maxillary-defect-by-transport-distraction-osteogenesis
#14
K Rajkumar, R S Neelakandan, Pradeep Devadoss, T K Bandyopadhyay
Rehabilitation of segmental defects of maxilla presents a reconstructive challenge to obtain an ideal osseous form and height with adequate soft tissue investment. Though variety of prosthetic and surgical reconstructive options like the use of vascularized and non vascularized bone grafts are available they produce less than optimal results. Bone transport distraction is a reliable procedure in various maxillofacial bony defect reconstruction techniques. We describe herein a technique of maxillary bone transport distraction using an indigenously designed, custom made trifocal transport distractor performed in a post traumatic avulsive defect of the anterior maxilla...
March 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286393/versatility-of-fibula-free-flap-in-reconstruction-of-facial-defects-a-center-study
#15
Sunil S Shroff, Sanjiv C Nair, Anjan Shah, Balasubramanya Kumar
PURPOSE: To study a series of cases where vascularised fibula flap was used in various combinations of bone with muscle and skin along with its modifications for reconstruction of simple and composite defects of the facial region. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The investigators designed a retrospective study composed of patients with any pathology or defect who underwent reconstruction of maxilla or mandible with vascularised fibula free flap from 2009 to 2013. All patients were evaluated for age, gender, location and type of defect, incorporation of adjoining skin paddle and muscle, number of fibula osteotomies, ischaemia time, anticoagulant regimen, length of hospital stay, flap failure rate, dental implant rehabilitation...
March 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285897/arthrofibrosis-associated-with-total-knee-arthroplasty
#16
REVIEW
Victor A Cheuy, Jared R H Foran, Roger J Paxton, Michael J Bade, Joseph A Zeni, Jennifer E Stevens-Lapsley
The purpose of this article is to review the etiology, economic burden, treatment strategies, and future research directions of arthrofibrosis after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Arthrofibrosis is a debilitating postoperative complication of TKA. This condition is one of the leading causes of hospital readmission and a predominant reason for TKA failure. The prevalence of arthrofibrosis will increase as the annual incidence of TKA in the United States rises into the millions. Characterized by the excessive proliferation of scar tissue during an impaired wound healing response, the resulting stiffness of arthrofibrosis causes functional deficits in activities of daily living, such as walking, stair climbing, and standing from a chair...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285881/finite-element-analysis-of-the-amputated-lower-limb-a-systematic-review-and-recommendations
#17
REVIEW
A S Dickinson, J W Steer, P R Worsley
The care and rehabilitation of individuals after lower limb amputation presents a substantial and growing socioeconomic challenge. Clinical outcome is closely linked to successful functional rehabilitation with a prosthetic limb, which depends upon comfortable prosthetic limb - residual limb load transfer. Despite early interest in the 1980s, the amputated limb has received considerably less attention in computational biomechanical analysis than other subjects, such as arthroplasty. This systematic literature review investigates the state of the art in residual limb finite element analysis published since 2000...
March 9, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272857/management-of-acute-complex-traumatic-wound-with-a-dermal-regeneration-template-case-report
#18
R R V Patel, M Giaquinto-Cillers, J Kotze, R S Hartnick, L W van der Merwe, E B Holford
BACKGROUND: Acute complex traumatic wounds of the lower limbs are usually managed by a combination of multiple debridements, dressing changes, and specialized surgical procedures which may include tissue transfers for the reconstruction of the soft tissue injury. The recovery is lengthy, and the outcome dependent on the initial injury, the surgical procedures undertaken and rehabilitation programs with a multidisciplinary team. METHOD: A nine-year-old male patient presented to Kimberly Hospital with an extensive soft tissue injury of the leg associated with a tibia fracture caused by a high velocity pedestrian vehicle accident...
November 2016: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251794/augmentation-of-severly-resorbed-alveolar-crests-with-bovine-bone-blocks-a-human-histology-pilot-study
#19
Christer Slotte, Ulf Nannmark
BACKGROUND: Allo-/xenogenic bone blocks are used to treat bone defects. Few human histologic studies are found on their integration and capacity to augment new bone. PURPOSE: To study incorporation and stability of collagenated bovine bone blocks (CBB). Short term effects, histology, and morphometry on biopsy specimens are presented. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine patients exhibiting extremely narrow alveolar ridges had CBB adapted and fixed to the recipient bone and covered with collagen barriers...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248691/prospective-evaluation-of-postural-control-and-gait-in-pediatric-patients-with-cancer-after-a-4-week-inpatient-rehabilitation-program
#20
Carsten Müller, Dieter Rosenbaum, Konstantin A Krauth
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of a 4-wk inpatient rehabilitation program on postural control and gait in pediatric patients with cancer. DESIGN: Eighty-eight patients with brain tumors (n = 59) and bone/soft tissue sarcomas (n = 29) were evaluated. Postural control was assessed examining the velocity of the center of pressure and single-leg stance time on a pressure distribution platform. Walk ratio, a measure of neuromotor control, was used to evaluate intervention effects on gait...
February 28, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
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