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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728940/silicone-infusion-tubing-instead-of-hunter-rods-for-two-stage-zone%C3%A2-2-flexor-tendon-reconstruction-in-a-resource-limited-surgical-environment
#1
K Kibadi, F Moutet
The authors describe their experience using silicone infusion tubing in place of Hunter rods for two-stage zone 2 flexor tendon reconstruction in a resource-limited surgical environment. This case report features a 47-year-old, right-handed man who had no active PIP and DIP joint flexion in four fingers of the right hand 5 months after an injury. During the first repair stage, the A2 and A4 pulleys were reconstructed using an extensor retinaculum graft. An infusion tube was inserted instead of Hunter rods...
July 17, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717615/outcomes-of-prolotherapy-for-intra-tendinous-achilles-tears-a-case-series
#2
Otto Chan, Ben Havard, Sarah Morton, Mel Pritchard, Nicola Maffulli, Tom Crisp, Nat Padhiar, Jeremy David Perry, John King, Dylan Morrissey
BACKGROUND: The intra-tendinous tear is a new pathology that is defined as a discontinuity of fibres situated entirely within the tendon. Prolotherapy involves injecting an irritant, such as hyperosmolar dextrose, to stimulate a tissue healing response and ultimately reduce pain. METHODS: 43 consecutive patients diagnosed with an intra-tendinous tear were included (27 males: 16 females, mean (SD) age 41 (11.3). Patients were injected with 0.4ml-1.5ml (mean 0.8ml) of 50% dextrose and 0...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717614/activity-level-recovery-after-acute-achilles-tendon-rupture-surgically-repaired-a-series-of-29-patients-with-a-mean-follow-up-of-46-months
#3
Richard Zayni, Raphaël Coursier, Moudasser Zakaria, Jean-François Desrousseaux, Denis Cordonnier, Gilles Polveche
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendon rupture is a common injury but its optimal management is still controversial. When decided, surgical repair can be performed by open or percutaneous techniques. Till now, there is no agreement on the ideal type of surgical management. PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of the percutaneous and open surgical treatment for acute Achilles tendon rupture and to assess the postoperative activity level recovery. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2013, 29 patients were surgically treated for acute Achilles tendon rupture in our institution...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697088/intraarticular-distal-radius-fracture-open-reduction-internal-fixation
#4
Jason A Nydick, Benjamin D Streufert, Jeffrey D Stone
PURPOSE: Intraarticular distal radius fractures are often treated with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) through a volar approach. This common approach, however, is technically demanding to restore the articular surface of the radiocarpal joint while respecting soft tissue integrity. The purpose of this video is to demonstrate the surgical technique of volar plate fixation of an intraarticular distal radius fracture. METHODS: A 32-year-old patient who sustained multiple injuries including an intraarticular distal radius fracture was treated with ORIF by a volar approach...
August 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694858/local-application-of-vibration-in-motor-rehabilitation-scientific-and-practical-considerations
#5
Daniela Poenaru, Delia Cinteza, Irina Petrusca, Liliana Cioc, Dan Dumitrascu
Vibration stimulates specific receptors, cutaneous and musculo-tendinous. The aff erent impulses travel through spinal neurons to thalamus and cortical structures. The local muscular response to a vibration is a tonic vibratory refl ex. This refl ex depends on many factors: frequency, amplitude, and tendon and muscle length. Based upon this refl ex, vibration produced alteration of isometric and isotonic contraction, fl exibility, spasticity. Many studies investigated facilitator eff ects on movement in stroke patients and spinal cord injuries...
September 2016: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693535/alfredson-versus-silbernagel-exercise-therapy-in-chronic-midportion-achilles-tendinopathy-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Bas Habets, Robert E H van Cingel, Frank J G Backx, Bionka M A Huisstede
BACKGROUND: Midportion Achilles tendinopathy (AT) is a common overuse injury, usually requiring several months of rehabilitation. Exercise therapy of the ankle plantar flexors (i.e. tendon loading) is considered crucial during conservative rehabilitation. Alfredson's isolated eccentric and Silbernagel's combined concentric-eccentric exercise programs have both shown beneficial results, but it is unknown whether any of these programs is superior for use in clinical practice. Therefore, the primary objective of this study is to compare the effectiveness of both programs on clinical symptoms...
July 11, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688825/three-dimensional-bio-printed-scaffold-sleeves-with-mesenchymal-stem-cells-for-enhancement-of-tendon-to-bone-healing-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-using-soft-tissue-tendon-graft
#7
Sin Hyung Park, Yeong-Jin Choi, Sang Won Moon, Byung Hoon Lee, Jin-Hyung Shim, Dong-Woo Cho, Joon Ho Wang
PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy of the insertion of 3-dimensional (3D) bio-printed scaffold sleeves seeded with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to enhance osteointegration between the tendon and tunnel bone in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in a rabbit model. METHODS: Scaffold sleeves were fabricated by 3D bio-printing. Before ACL reconstruction, MSCs were seeded into the scaffold sleeves. ACL reconstruction with hamstring tendon was performed on both legs of 15 adult rabbits (aged 12 weeks)...
July 5, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673623/primary-flexor-tendon-repair-with-early-active-motion-experience-in-europe
#8
REVIEW
Thomas Giesen, Maurizio Calcagni, David Elliot
The protocol for primary flexor tendon repair in zones 1 and 2 of the hand is changing. This article discusses recent changes. Immediate repair within 48 hours is performed whenever possible. A 6-strand core suture is performed using the M modification of Tang's technique. The pulleys are divided to allow free excursion of the repaired tendon within the tendon sheath. To avoid repaired structures within the sheath being too bulky, the authors generally repair only half of the flexor digitorum superficialis...
August 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673622/strong-digital-flexor-tendon-repair-extension-flexion-test-and-early-active-flexion-experience-in-300-tendons
#9
REVIEW
Jin Bo Tang, Xiang Zhou, Zhang Jun Pan, Jun Qing, Ke Tong Gong, Jing Chen
Over the past 2 decades, repair and rehabilitation methods of primary repair of the digital flexor tendon have changed. In this article, we outline interim results from ongoing investigations in several units. Surgeons in these units now perform digital flexor tendon repairs according to a treatment protocol. Before adopting the protocol, they had no history of tendon-related research; they had not used any of the repair and rehabilitation methods described in the protocol. The surgeons involved are junior or midlevel attending surgeons...
August 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671957/clinimetric-properties-of-lower-limb-neurological-impairment-tests-for-children-and-young-people-with-a-neurological-condition-a-systematic-review
#10
Ramona Clark, Melissa Locke, Bridget Hill, Cherie Wells, Andrea Bialocerkowski
BACKGROUND: Clinicians and researchers require sound neurological tests to measure changes in neurological impairments necessary for clinical decision-making. Little evidence-based guidance exists for selecting and interpreting an appropriate, paediatric-specific lower limb neurological test aimed at the impairment level. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinimetric evidence underpinning neurological impairment tests currently used in paediatric rehabilitation to evaluate muscle strength, tactile sensitivity, and deep tendon reflexes of the lower limb in children and young people with a neurological condition...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665563/-update-on-the-postsurgical-shoulder-rotator-cuff-rehabilitation
#11
Claude Pichonnaz, José Milliet, Alain Farron, François Luthi
Primary care physicians play a crucial role in rehabilitation following rotator cuff surgery. This synthesis paper aims to address essential issues of postsurgical rehabilitation, based on recent recommendations. The rehabilitation comprises 4 phases, which are determined by the tendon healing process.For each phase, this article presents the stage of tendon healing, the allowed mechanical constraints, the exercise and physiotherapy modalities, the possible activities and the potential complications. Information and counseling to support the patient implication in the rehabilitation are also detailed...
July 13, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660438/lower-material-stiffness-in-rupture-repaired-achilles-tendon-during-walking-transmission-mode-ultrasound-for-post-surgical-tendon-evaluation
#12
Mathias Wulf, Mihir Shanker, Michael Schuetz, Michael Lutz, Christian M Langton, Sue L Hooper, James E Smeathers, Torsten Brauner, Scott C Wearing
PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study used transmission-mode ultrasound to evaluate dynamic tendon properties during walking in surgically repaired and contralateral Achilles tendon (AT), with a median (range) post-operative period of 22 (4-58) months. It was hypothesised that the axial transmission speed of ultrasound (TSOU) during walking would be slower, indicating lower material stiffness in repaired compared with contralateral AT. METHODS: Ten patients [median (range) age 47 (37-69) years; height 180 (170-189) cm; weight 93 (62-119) kg], who had undergone open surgical repair of the AT and were clinically recovered according to their treating clinicians, walked barefoot on a treadmill at self-selected speed (1...
June 28, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654614/evidence-based-medicine-surgical-management-of-flexor-tendon-lacerations
#13
Robin N Kamal, Jeffrey Yao
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After reading this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Accurately diagnose a flexor tendon injury. 2. Develop a surgical approach with regard to timing, tendon repair technique, and rehabilitation protocol. 3. List the potential complications following tendon repair. SUMMARY: Flexor tendon lacerations are complex injuries that require a thorough history and physical examination for accurate diagnosis and management. Knowledge of operative approaches and potential concomitant injuries allows the surgeon to be prepared for various findings during exploration...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619447/similar-movements-are-associated-with-drastically-different-muscle-contraction-velocities
#14
Daniel A Hagen, Francisco J Valero-Cuevas
We investigated how kinematic redundancy interacts with the neurophysiological control mechanisms required for smooth and accurate, rapid limb movements. Biomechanically speaking, tendon excursions are over-determined because the rotation of few joints determines the lengths and velocities of many muscles. But how different are the muscle velocity profiles induced by various, equally valid hand trajectories? We used an 18-muscle sagittal-plane arm model to calculate 100,000 feasible shoulder, elbow, and wrist joint rotations that produced valid basketball free throws with different hand trajectories, but identical initial and final hand positions and velocities...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619382/does-early-motion-lead-to-a-higher-failure-rate-or-better-outcomes-after-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair-a-systematic-review-of-overlapping-meta-analyses
#15
REVIEW
Bryan M Saltzman, William A Zuke, Beatrice Go, Randy Mascarenhas, Nikhil N Verma, Brian J Cole, Anthony A Romeo, Brian Forsythe
BACKGROUND: The aims of the study were as follows: to perform a systematic review of meta-analyses comparing "early motion" and "delayed motion" after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair; to provide a framework to analyze the best available evidence to develop recommendations; and to identify gaps where suggestions could be made for future investigations. METHODS: Literature searches were performed to identify meta-analyses examining arthroscopic rotator cuff repair with early-motion vs...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616759/is-dual-semitendinosus-allograft-stronger-than-turndown-for-achilles-tendon-reconstruction-an-in-vitro-analysis
#16
Michael C Aynardi, Lara C Atwater, Roshan Melvani, Brent G Parks, Adrian G Paez, Stuart D Miller
BACKGROUND: Large Achilles tendon defects pose a treatment challenge. The standard treatment with a turndown flap requires a large extensile incision, puts the sural nerve at risk, and demands slow, careful rehabilitation. Dual allograft semitendinosus reconstruction is a new clinical alternative that has the theoretical advantages of a smaller incision, less dissection, and a stronger construct that may allow for faster rehabilitation. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: In a cadaver biomechanical model, we compared the dual allograft semitendinosus reconstruction with the myofascial turndown in terms of (1) mechanical strength and resistance to deformation and (2) failure mechanisms in reconstruction of large segmental Achilles defects...
June 14, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607938/biomechanical-head-to-head-comparison-of-2-sutures-and-the-giftbox-versus-bunnell-techniques-for-midsubstance-achilles-tendon-ruptures
#17
Rufus O Van Dyke, Sejul A Chaudhary, Gregory Gould, Roman Trimba, Richard T Laughlin
BACKGROUND: Acute midsubstance Achilles tendon ruptures are a common orthopaedic problem for which the optimal repair technique and suture type remain controversial. Head-to-head comparisons of current fixation constructs are needed to establish which stitch/suture combination is most biomechanically favorable. HYPOTHESIS: Of the tested fixation constructs, Giftbox repairs with Fiberwire will exhibit superior stiffness and strength during biomechanical testing. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607322/assessment-of-the-mechanical-properties-of-the-muscle-tendon-unit-by-supersonic-shear-wave-imaging-elastography-a-review
#18
Kelly Mônica Marinho E Lima, José Francisco Silva Costa Júnior, Wagner Coelho de Albuquerque Pereira, Liliam Fernandes de Oliveira
This review aimed to describe the state of the art in muscle-tendon unit (MTU) assessment by supersonic shear wave imaging (SSI) elastography in states of muscle contraction and stretching, during aging, and in response to injury and therapeutic interventions. A consensus exists that MTU elasticity increases during passive stretching or contraction, and decreases after static stretching, electrostimulation, massage, and dry needling. There is currently no agreement regarding changes in the MTU due to aging and injury...
April 15, 2017: Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603874/impact-of-rest-duration-on-achilles-tendon-structure-and-function-following-isometric-training
#19
C M Waugh, T Alktebi, A de Sa, A Scott
Intervention programs are often sought to strengthen the Achilles tendon (AT) due to its high injury rate. Long rest periods between loading cycles have been found to increase collagen synthesis by tenocytes, suggesting rest duration may be important for tendon adaptation in vivo, however exercise programs comparing long and short rest duration have not been directly compared. Fourteen adults completed a 12-week progressive training intervention; training sessions consisted of 5 x 10 isometric plantarflexion contractions each of 3-s duration performed at 90% of MVC three times weekly...
June 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603355/biomechanical-analysis-of-infinity-rehabilitation-method-for-treatment-of-low-back-pain
#20
Matej Daniel, Michaela Tomanová, Jana Hornová, Iva Novotná, Lenka Lhotská
[Purpose] Low back pain is a pervasive problem in modern societies. Physical rehabilitation in treatment of low back pain should reduce pain, muscle tension and restore spine stability and balance. The INFINITY® rehabilitation method that is based on a figure of eight movement pattern was proved to be effective in low back pain treatment. The aim of the paper is to estimate the effect of a figure of eight motion on the L5/S1 load and lumbar spine muscle activation in comparison to other motion patterns. [Subjects and Methods] Three-dimensional model of lumbar spine musculoskeletal system is used to simulate effect of various load motion pattern induced by displacement of the center of gravity of the upper body...
May 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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