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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056178/is-there-any-benefit-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-patients-older-than-60-years
#1
Cécile Toanen, Guillaume Demey, Panagiotis G Ntagiopoulos, Paolo Ferrua, David Dejour
BACKGROUND: Results of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction are traditionally excellent in younger and nonarthritic patients. During the past few decades, people older than 60 years have become more active than ever, with more demanding physical lifestyles. An increase also has been noted in active patients with diagnosed ACL injuries. More patients are requesting treatment for ACL deficiency in hopes of returning to preinjury levels of activity. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to evaluate the results of ACL reconstruction in patients older than 60 years in terms of functional recovery, return to sports, and postoperative incidence of osteoarthritis and to compare their results with published results of different age groups...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054658/early-functional-rehabilitation-versus-traditional-immobilization-for-surgical-achilles-tendon-repair-after-acute-rupture-a-systematic-review-of-overlapping-meta-analyses
#2
Jia-Guo Zhao, Xiao-Hui Meng, Lin Liu, Xian-Tie Zeng, Shi-Lian Kan
Several meta-analyses comparing early functional rehabilitation and traditional immobilization following surgical Achilles tendon repair after acute rupture have been published. However, they have led to conflicting conclusions. The aims of this systematic review were to select high-quality meta-analyses from multiple discordant meta-analyses and to provide a postoperative rehabilitation strategy following surgical repair using currently available evidence. We performed a comprehensive search using the PubMed and Embase databases and the Cochrane Library...
January 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053262/functional-outcomes-of-conservatively-managed-acute-ruptures-of-the-achilles-tendon
#3
J E Lawrence, P Nasr, D M Fountain, L Berman, A H N Robinson
AIMS: This prospective cohort study aims to determine if the size of the tendon gap following acute rupture of the Achilles tendon shows an association with the functional outcome following non-operative treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients presenting within two weeks of an acute unilateral rupture of the Achilles tendon between July 2012 and July 2015 were considered for the study. In total, 38 patients (nine female, 29 male, mean age 52 years; 29 to 78) completed the study...
January 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042226/cell-and-biologic-based-treatment-of-flexor-tendon-injuries
#4
Stephen W Linderman, Richard H Gelberman, Stavros Thomopoulos, Hua Shen
The two primary factors leading to poor clinical results after intrasynovial tendon repair are adhesion formation within the digital sheath and repair-site elongation and rupture. As the outcomes following modern tendon multi-strand repair and controlled rehabilitation techniques are often unsatisfactory, alternative approaches, such as the application of growth factors and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), have become increasingly attractive treatment options. Successful biological therapies require carefully controlled spatiotemporal delivery of cells, growth factors, and biocompatible scaffold matrices in order to simultaneously (1) promote matrix synthesis at the tendon repair site leading to increased biomechanical strength and stiffness and (2) suppress matrix synthesis along the tendon surface and synovial sheath preventing adhesion formation...
September 2016: Operative Techniques in Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033291/adductor-canal-block-versus-femoral-nerve-block-combined-with-sciatic-nerve-block-as-an-anesthetic-technique-for-hindfoot-and-ankle-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-noninferiority-trial
#5
Han Bum Joe, Ho Sik Choo, Ji Sang Yoon, Sang Eon Oh, Jae Ho Cho, Young Uk Park
BACKGROUND: A femoral nerve block (FNB) in combination with a sciatic nerve block (SNB) is commonly used for anesthesia and analgesia in patients undergoing hindfoot and ankle surgery. The effects of FNB on motor function, related fall risk, and rehabilitation are controversial. An adductor canal block (ACB) potentially spares motor fibers in the femoral nerve, but the comparative effect on hindfoot and ankle surgeries between the 2 approaches is not yet well defined. We hypothesized that compared to FNB, ACB would cause less weakness in the quadriceps and produce similar pain scores during and after the operation...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018685/coexistence-of-factor-vii-deficiency-and-hereditary-spastic-paraplegia-in-two-siblings
#6
Hortensia De la Corte-Rodriguez, E Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan, M Teresa Alvarez-Roman, Ana L Hernandez-Moreno
We present the case of two patients aged 12 years and 7 years who were referred to our hospital for factor VII deficiency inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, who had suffered from previous multiple joint haemarthroses. They presented with fine motor symptoms and difficulty in walking. During physical examination we observed neurological symptoms (general hypotonia, muscular hypotrophy, exaggerated tendon reflexes, pes cavus, and spastic gait). Given that the symptoms were not justified by the deficiency of coagulation factor VII and on suspicion of hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP), tests were carried out...
2016: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017240/focal-muscle-vibration-an-effective-rehabilitative-approach-in-severe-gait-impairment-due-to-multiple-sclerosis
#7
F Camerota, C Celletti, E Di Sipio, C De Fino, C Simbolotti, M Germanotta, M Mirabella, L Padua, V Nociti
Gait impairment is one of the most frequent and life-altering consequences of Multiple sclerosis (MS), frequently associated with lower limb spasticity. Focal muscle vibration (fMV) is a technique that applies a vibratory stimulus to a specific muscle or its tendon, reducing spasticity. The aim of our study is to evaluate the efficacy of fMV in ameliorating gait impairment in MS patients with severe lower limb spasticity, measured by Gait Analysis (GA) and objective and patient-oriented scales scores. Fourteen patients affected by Secondary Progressive MS (SPMS) with a lower limb spasticity with a low or no response to antispastic drugs, received repetitive fMV (r-fMV) over the quadriceps and the lumbar paraspinal muscles...
January 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999728/from-acute-achilles-tendon-rupture-to-return-to-play-a-case-report-evaluating-recovery-of-tendon-structure-mechanical-properties-clinical-and-functional-outcomes
#8
Jennifer A Zellers, Daniel H Cortes, Karin Grävare Silbernage L
INTRODUCTION: Achilles tendon rupture results in significant functional deficits regardless of treatment strategy (surgical versus non-surgical intervention). Recovery post-rupture is highly variable, making comprehensive patient assessment critical. Assessment tools may change along the course of recovery as the patient progresses - for instance, moving from a seated heel-rise to standing heel-rise to jump testing. However, tools that serve as biomarkers for early recovery may be particularly useful in informing clinical decision-making...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993587/percutaneous-needle-tenotomy-for-the-treatment-of-muscle-and-tendon-contractures-in-adults-with-brain-damage-results-and-complications
#9
Flavia Coroian, Claire Jourdan, Jérome Froger, Claire Anquetil, Olivier Choquet, Bertand Coulet, Isabelle Laffont
OBJECTIVE: To study the results and complications of percutaneous needle tenotomy (PNT) of superficial retracted tendons in brain damaged patients. Muscle and tendon contractures are common in this population and can lead to severe functional impairment. Care management is commonly based on open surgical tenotomy. PNT is a mini-invasive surgical procedure suspected to be safer among frail patients. DESIGN: Prospective observational study SETTING: University Hospital Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) and Orthopedic Surgery Departments...
December 16, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992239/differential-effects-of-two-rehabilitation-programs-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#10
Igor Setuain, Mikel Izquierdo, Fernando Idoate, Eder Bikandi, Esteban M Gorostiaga, Per Aagaard, Eduardo L Cadore, Jesús Alfaro-Adrián
Context- The muscular function restoration related to the type of physical rehabilitation followed after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) using autologous hamstring tendon graft in terms of strength and cross sectional area (CSA) remain controversial. Objective- To analyze the CSA and force output of quadriceps and hamstring muscles in subjects following either an Objective Criteria-Based rehabilitation (OCBR) algorithm or the usual care (UCR) for ACL rehabilitation in Spain, before and one year after undergoing an ACLR...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975032/flexor-tendon-repair-postoperative-rehabilitation-the-saint-john-protocol
#11
Amanda Higgins, Donald H Lalonde
The Saint John Protocol describes a rehabilitation program of up to half a fist of protected true active finger flexion beginning 3 to 5 days after flexor tendon repair. We no longer use full fist place and hold. We illustrate with film and text the reasons for these changes.
November 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964900/zone-ii-flexor-tendon-repairs-in-the-united-states-trends-in-current-management
#12
Peter D Gibson, Garret L Sobol, Irfan H Ahmed
PURPOSE: The repair of zone II flexor tendon injuries is an evolving topic in hand surgery with current literature suggesting the use of a 4-strand repair; 3-0 or 4-0 braided, nonabsorbable sutures; and an epitendinous repair. It was hypothesized that variability would exist within the hand surgeon community in treatment of zone II flexor tendon repairs in surgical material used, surgical technique, and postoperative rehabilitation protocol. METHODS: An online single-answer multiple-choice survey was distributed to the American Society for Surgery of the Hand members' database...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941740/assessing-the-rehabilitation-of-achilles-tendon-ruptures-using-modified-teuffer-and-lindholm-technique
#13
M Alinoor, N K Datta, K P Das, S K Sen, M S Rahman, M M Goni, M R Islam, J U Ahmad, M S Alam
The aim of this study is to assess the optimum rehabilitation and the functional outcome of open repaired Achilles tendon ruptures. This study was conducted for the 18 consecutive patients of complete ruptures at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh from 2012 to 2013. Two groups were considered during 6 to 18 months post-operative observation and each group consist 9 patients. In the Group I, modified Teuffer's and in Group II, Lindholm operative methods were employed for the open repair of Achille tendon...
October 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932695/posture-dependent-corticomotor-excitability-differs-between-the-transferred-biceps-in-individuals-with-tetraplegia-and-the-biceps-of-nonimpaired-individuals
#14
Carrie L Peterson, Lynn M Rogers, Michael S Bednar, Anne M Bryden, Michael W Keith, Eric J Perreault, Wendy M Murray
Background Following biceps transfer to enable elbow extension in individuals with tetraplegia, motor re-education may be facilitated by greater corticomotor excitability. Arm posture modulates corticomotor excitability of the nonimpaired biceps. If arm posture also modulates excitability of the transferred biceps, posture may aid in motor re-education. Objective Our objective was to determine whether multi-joint arm posture affects corticomotor excitability of the transferred biceps similar to the nonimpaired biceps...
December 8, 2016: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932679/tendon-collagen-synthesis-declines-with-immobilization-in-elderly-humans-no-effect-of-anti-inflammatory-medication
#15
Kasper Dideriksen, Anders Ploug Boesen, Søren Reitelseder, Christian Couppe, Rene Brüggebusch Svensson, Peter Schjerling, S Peter Magnusson, Lars Holm, Michael Kjaer
BACKGROUND: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) are used as pain killers during periods of unloading caused by traumatic occurrences or diseases. However, it is unknown how the tendon protein turnover and mechanical properties responds to unloading and subsequent loading in elderly humans, and especially whether NSAIDs affect tendon adaptation during such periods. Thus, we studied the influence of NSAID upon the human patellar tendon protein synthesis and mechanical properties during immobilization and subsequent rehabilitating resistance training...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922288/medial-gastrocnemius-myotendinous-junction-displacement-and-plantar-flexion-strength-in-patients-treated-with-immediate-rehabilitation-after-achilles-tendon-repair
#16
Carlos I De la Fuente, Roberto Peña Y Lillo, Rodrigo Ramirez Campillo, Pablo Ortega-Auriol, Mauricio Delgado, Joel Alvarez-Ruf, Gabriel Carreño
CONTEXT:  Pathologic plantar flexion frequently occurs after operative repair of the Achilles tendon (AT) because of immobilization and non-weight bearing in the first weeks of traditional rehabilitation. Novel rehabilitation strategies that apply mobilization and weight bearing have been proposed, but their effects on medial gastrocnemius myotendinous junction displacement (MJD) and isometric plantar-flexion strength (PFS) are unknown. OBJECTIVE:  To compare the effects of 12 weeks of immediate versus traditional rehabilitation on MJD and PFS in patients with percutaneous AT repair and to compare AT rupture scores (ATRSs) during follow-up...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903590/anterior-cruciate-ligament-derived-stem-cells-transduced-with-bmp2-accelerate-graft-bone-integration-after-acl-reconstruction
#17
Yohei Kawakami, Koji Takayama, Tomoyuki Matsumoto, Ying Tang, Bing Wang, Yutaka Mifune, James H Cummins, Ryan J Warth, Ryosuke Kuroda, Masahiro Kurosaka, Freddie H Fu, Johnny Huard
BACKGROUND: Strong graft-bone integration is a prerequisite for successful graft remodeling after reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) using soft tissue grafts. Novel strategies to accelerate soft tissue graft-bone integration are needed to reduce the need for bone-tendon-bone graft harvest, reduce patient convalescence, facilitate rehabilitation, and reduce total recovery time after ACL reconstruction. HYPOTHESIS: The application of ACL-derived stem cells with enhanced expression of bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) onto soft tissue grafts in the form of cell sheets will both accelerate and improve the quality of graft-bone integration after ACL reconstruction in a rat model...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900699/the-anconeus-triceps-lateral-flap-approach-for-total-elbow-arthroplasty-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#18
A Celli, P Bonucci
BACKGROUND: The posterior approaches to the elbow are considered as to allow an excellent joint exposure for total elbow arthroplasty. One complication that is well recognized is the insufficiency of the extensor mechanism in particular with the patients with poor tendon quality as in the rheumatoid diseases. The purpose of this paper is to present a new triceps-splitting exposure for total elbow arthroplasty used in rheumatoid patients with their preliminary results. METHODS: Fifteen consecutive patients with rheumatoid disease at grades III to V of the Larsen grading scale underwent total elbow replacement using the new triceps-splitting exposure called anconeus-triceps lateral flap and it preserves the integrity of the medial proper triceps tendon...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900292/hypoxia-inhibits-primary-cilia-formation-and-reduces-cell-mediated-contraction-in-stress-deprived-rat-tail-tendon-fascicles
#19
Michael Lavagnino, Anna N Oslapas, Keri L Gardner, Steven P Arnoczky
BACKGROUND: Hypoxia, which is associated with chronic tendinopathy, has recently been shown to decrease the mechanosensitivity of some cells. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effect of hypoxia on the formation of elongated primary cilia (a mechanosensing organelle of tendon cells) in vitro and to determine the effect of hypoxia on cell-mediated contraction of stress-deprived rat tail tendon fascicles (RTTfs). METHODS: Tendon cells isolated from RTTfs were cultured under normoxic (21% O2) or hypoxic (1% O2) conditions for 24 hours...
April 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900291/elastin-a-possible-genetic-biomarker-for-more-severe-ligament-injuries-in-elite-soccer-a-pilot-study
#20
Rosa Artells, Ricard Pruna, Alexandre Dellal, Nicola Maffulli
BACKGROUND: The study of new genetic biomarkers in genes related to connective tissue repair and regeneration may help to identify individuals with greater predisposition to injury, who may benefit from targeted preventive measures, and those who require longer recovery time following a muscle, ligament or tendon injury. The present study investigated whether single nucleotide polymorphisms of the Elastin gene could be related to MCL injury. METHODS: 60 top class football players were studied to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms for the Elastin (ELN) gene using Allelic Discrimination analysis...
April 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
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