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muscle rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909230/postural-stability-and-trunk-muscle-responses-to-the-static-and-perturbed-balance-tasks-in-individuals-with-and-without-symptomatic-degenerative-lumbar-disease
#1
Yun-Chung Lin, Chi-Chien Niu, Mohammad Nikkhoo, Meng-Ling Lu, Wen-Chien Chen, Chen-Ju Fu, Chih-Hsiu Cheng
BACKGROUND: Degenerative lumbar diseases (DLDs) are characterized by motor functional deficits and postural instability. In this study, we investigated the differences in the trunk muscle responses to postural control between the presurgical DLD patients and healthy individuals while performing the static and perturbed balance tasks. METHODS: Thirty-five DLD patients (aged 61.1 ± 8.0 years) and thirty-five asymptomatic controls (aged 62.9 ± 3.7 years) participated in this study...
June 11, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907841/comparison-of-knee-stability-strength-deficits-and-functional-score-in-primary-and-revision-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstructed-knees
#2
Do Kyung Kim, Geon Park, Kamarulzaman Bin Haji M S Kadir, Liang-Tseng Kuo, Won Hah Park
Comparing to primary surgery, revision ACL reconstruction is more technically demanding and has a higher failure rate. Theoretically, rehabilitation can improve knee function after ACL reconstruction surgery. This study aimed to compare knee stability, strength, and function between primary and revision ACL reconstructed knees. 40 primary and 40 revision ACL reconstruction surgeries were included between April 2013 and May 2016. Patients with revision surgery had a higher anteroposterior translation comparing those with primary reconstruction (median laxity, 2...
June 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907353/determinants-of-skeletal-muscle-protein-turnover-following-severe-burn-trauma-in-children
#3
Ioannis Malagaris, David N Herndon, Efstathia Polychronopoulou, Victoria G Rontoyanni, Clark R Andersen, Oscar E Suman, Craig Porter, Labros S Sidossis
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Burns remain the fifth cause of non-fatal pediatric injuries globally, with muscle cachexia being a hallmark of the stress response to burns. Burn-induced muscle wasting is associated with morbidity, yet the determinants of muscle protein catabolism in response to burn trauma remains unclear. Our objective was to determine the effect of patient and injury characteristics on muscle protein kinetics in burn patients. METHODS: This retrospective, observational study was performed using protein kinetic data from pediatric patients who had severe burns (>30% of the total body surface area burned) and underwent cross-limb stable isotope infusions between 1999 and 2008 as part of prospective clinical trials...
June 4, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905640/imaging-investigation-of-thyroid-eye-disease
#4
Loizos C Siakallis, Jimmy M Uddin, Katherine A Miszkiel
INTRODUCTION: Thyroid eye disease (TED), is a term referring to the extrathyroidal manifestation of Grave's disease, a disorder which is currently the most common cause of hyperthyroidism and is characterised by underlying autoimmunity.The pathogenic course of the disease can be broadly classified into two stages, an early inflammatory and a late fibrotic stage. These stages are reflected in clinical severity and activity classifications, such as Clinical Activity Score and Class 0: No signs or symptoms, 1: Only signs, no symptoms (e...
June 13, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904049/a-promising-tool-for-flail-arms-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-rehabilitation-a-case-report
#5
Simona Portaro, Vincenzo Cimino, Maria Accorinti, Alessandra Pidalà, Antonino Naro, Rocco S Calabrò
BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis flail arm (ALS-FA) is a motor neuron disease form confined to the upper limbs (cervical spinal cord region), often with asymmetric onset. To date, there is no defined neurorehabilitative strategy for ALS patients, although aerobic exercises may be of some help. CASE REPORT: A 69 year-old woman affected by ALS-FA was admitted to our research institute because of upper limb muscles weakness. She was then submitted to two different conventional physiotherapy programs, the first stand-alone and the second combined to a robotic treatment...
June 14, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903643/the-use-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-nmes-for-managing-the-complications-of-ageing-related-to-reduced-exercise-participation
#6
REVIEW
Dominic O'Connor, Louise Brennan, Brian Caulfield
Exercise participation and activity levels are low in many older adults, and when paired with the multi-systemic effects of ageing, such as sarcopenia and decreased cardiovascular function, can result in a loss of functional independence. Voluntary exercise may not always be feasible for these individuals, highlighting a need for alternative therapies. There is a growing body of literature that recognises the positive effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) on muscle strength, muscle mass and cardiorespiratory function in older adults...
July 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903607/improvement-of-physical-activity-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-by-pulmonary-rehabilitation-and-pharmacological-treatment
#7
REVIEW
Takanobu Shioya, Susumu Sato, Masahiro Iwakura, Hitomi Takahashi, Yoshino Terui, Sachiko Uemura, Masahiro Satake
Physical activity (PA) is defined as bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles with energy expenditure beyond resting levels. PA is closely related to reduced morbidity and mortality in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Self-report questionnaires are often subject to recall bias, correlating poorly with objectively qualified PA, and do not provide an accurate estimate of free-living energy expenditure. PA may be objectively evaluated by newly developed tri-axial accelerometers by quantifying steps or body movements over a period of time...
June 11, 2018: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903447/neurophysiology-of-gait
#8
Mariano Serrao, Alberto Ranavolo, Carlo Casali
Beyond the classic clinical description, recent studies have quantitatively evaluated gait and balance dysfunction in cerebellar ataxias by means of modern motion analysis systems. These systems have the aim of clearly and quantitatively describing the differences, with respect to healthy subjects, in kinematic, kinetic, and surface electromyography variables, establishing the basis for a rehabilitation strategy and assessing its efficacy. The main findings which characterize the gait pattern of cerebellar patients are: increased step width, reduced ankle joint range of motion with increased coactivation of the antagonist muscles, and increased stride-to-stride variability...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901587/quantitative-analysis-of-shoulder-function-and-strength-after-breast-reconstruction-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Yujin Myung, Bomi Choi, Heeyeon Kwon, Chan Yeong Heo, Eun-Kyu Kim, Eunyoung Kang, Jae Hoon Jeong, Eun Joo Yang
Immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) after mastectomy has been proven to affect patient quality of life, psychological well-being, and functional capacities. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effect of breast reconstruction on postoperative shoulder function and muscle performance by evaluating isokinetic muscle performance tests.A retrospective chart review to collect data on shoulder function analysis with isokinetic muscle performance testing was performed among patients who received mastectomy with IBR from July 2013 to March 2015...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898586/the-challenges-of-providing-rehabilitation-for-patients-undergoing-sacrectomy-two-case-reports
#10
George J Francis, An Ngo-Huang, Laurence D Rhines, Eduardo Bruera
BACKGROUND: Sacral neoplasms often present as large masses that often require sacrectomy. Multiple sacral nerve roots may be compromised post-sacrectomy and postoperative complications may result in impaired mobility, pain, orthostasis, and neurogenic bowel and bladder. CASE REPORTS: CASE #1: 58 year-old female with a sacral solitary fibrous tumor underwent a high-level sacrectomy and bilateral gluteal muscle flaps. Her rehabilitation course included management of pain, orthostasis, and neurogenic bowel and bladder...
June 11, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898585/outcome-measures-in-the-clinical-evaluation-of-ambulatory-charcot-marie-tooth-1a-subjects
#11
Laura Mori, Valeria Prada, Alessio Signori, Davide Pareyson, Giuseppe Piscosquito, Luca Padua, Costanza Pazzaglia, Gian M Fabrizi, Alessandro Picelli, Angelo Schenone
BACKGROUND: The outcome measures (OMs) in clinical trials for Charcot Marie Tooth disease (CMT) still represent an issue. A recent study highlighted that three additional clinical OMs, the 10 meters walk test (10MWT), 9 hole-peg test, and foot dorsal flexion dynamometry, further improve discrimination between severely and mildly affected patients. Another study recently assess the validity and reliability of the 6 Minutes Walking test (6MWT). AIM: To identify the most useful scales in the clinical evaluation of CMT1A patients...
June 11, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896235/curative-effect-of-posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-in-the-treatment-of-single-segment-lumbar-degenerative-disease-and-changes-in-adjacent-segment-quantitative-score
#12
Yan Zhuang, Feng Zhou, Yunqin Zhang, Zheng Jin
Curative effect of posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) in the treatment of single-segment lumbar degenerative disease and changes in adjacent segment quantitative score was investigated. A total of 86 patients with single-segment lumbar degenerative disease were randomly selected and divided into control group (n=43) and observation group (n=43). The control group was treated with posterolateral lumbar fusion, while the observation group was treated with PLIF. The observation group had a significantly longer operation time and shorter hospitalization time compared with the control group (P<0...
July 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893604/treatment-success-of-hip-and-core-or-knee-strengthening-for-patellofemoral-pain-development-of-clinical-prediction-rules
#13
Jennifer E Earl-Boehm, Lori A Bolgla, Carolyn Emory, Karrie L Hamstra-Wright, Sergey Tarima, Reed Ferber
CONTEXT:   Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a common injury that interferes with quality of life and physical activity. Clinical subgroups of patients may exist, one of which is proximal muscle dysfunction. OBJECTIVES:   To develop clinical prediction rules that predict a positive outcome after either a hip and core- or knee-focused strengthening program for individuals with PFP. DESIGN:   Secondary analysis of data from a randomized control trial...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889951/a-case-of-rhabdomyolysis-caused-by-blood-flow-restricted-resistance-training
#14
Joshua Krieger, Donald Sims, Cameron Wolterstorff
Blood flow-restricted resistance (BFRR) training is effective as a means to improve muscle strength and size while enduring less mechanical stress. It is generally safe but can have adverse effects. We present a case of an active duty Soldier who developed rhabdomyolysis as a result of a single course of BFRR training. He was presented to the emergency department with bilateral lower extremity pain, was admitted for electrolyte monitoring and rehydration, and had an uncomplicated hospital course and full recovery...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889150/core-and-back-rehabilitation-for-high-speed-rotation-sports-highlight-on-lacrosse
#15
Heather K Vincent, Kevin R Vincent
Lacrosse is a fast-paced game that incorporates elements from multiple sports, such as soccer, basketball, baseball, tennis, and hockey. The sport involves rapid changes of direction, endurance, sprinting, physical contact, rotational movement, passing, and shooting. Passing and shooting are further complicated by having a weighted object (ball) at the end of a long moment arm (crosse) which places increased stress on the body segments. Thus, it is important to properly prepare for sport participation by improving strength, endurance, and dynamic stability of the postural and core stability muscles...
June 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888225/differences-in-emg-burst-patterns-during-grasping-dexterity-tests-and-activities-of-daily-living
#16
Jen Rowson, Alaster Yoxall, Victor Gonzalez
The aim of this study was to characterize the muscle activation patterns which underlie the performance of two commonly used grasping patterns and compare the characteristics of such patterns during dexterity tests and activities of daily living. EMG of flexor digitorum and extensor digitorum were monitored from 6 healthy participants as they performed three tasks related to activities of daily living (picking up a coin, drinking from a cup, feeding with a spoon) and three dexterity tests (Variable Dexterity Test-Precision, Variable Dexterity Test-Cylinder, Purdue Pegboard Test)...
2018: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888017/importance-of-the-wrist-extensor-muscle-training-two-cases-of-elbow-flexorplasty-following-traumatic-brachial-plexus-injuries
#17
Shigeki Kubota, Tadashi Kubo, Hiromi Kameda, Yoshiyasu Itoh
The modified Steindler procedure-a reconstructive surgery used to restore elbow flexion following upper brachial plexus injuries-involves shifting the origins of the muscle groups responsible for wrist flexion and forearm pronation originating from the medial epicondyle to the proximal direction to be used as flexors of the elbow. In the postoperative rehabilitation, we focused on strengthening not only the transferred muscle but also the wrist extensor muscles as antagonist muscles. After reconstruction surgery for elbow flexion via the modified Steindler procedure for traumatic brachial plexus injury, we performed long-term rehabilitation to strengthen the antagonist muscles...
2018: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887363/hip-recovery-strategy-used-by-below-knee-amputees-following-mediolateral-foot-perturbations
#18
Sarah E Miller, Ava D Segal, Glenn K Klute, Richard R Neptune
Lower-limb amputees have a higher risk of falling compared to non-amputees. Proper regulation of whole-body angular momentum is necessary to prevent falls, particularly in the frontal plane where individuals are most unstable. However, the balance recovery mechanisms used by lower-limb amputees when recovering from a perturbation are not well-understood. This study sought to understand the balance recovery mechanisms used by lower-limb amputees in response to mediolateral foot perturbations by examining changes to frontal plane whole-body angular momentum and hip joint work...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881691/ultrasound-guided-suture-tape-augmentation-and-stabilization-of-the-medial-collateral-ligament
#19
Alan M Hirahara, Gordon Mackay, Wyatt J Andersen
Management of medial collateral ligament (MCL) injuries usually consists of time and conservative management; however, patients are typically immobilized and need extensive time to return to sport. Although the MCL has been shown to have the ability to heal given time, surgical management is still sometimes needed to provide stability to the knee. Operative techniques vary in methodology, but are typically highly invasive and technically demanding. In the event of multiligamentous or severe injuries, reinforcing the MCL with an ultrahigh-strength, 2-mm-wide suture tape allows for early functional rehabilitation, permitting the native MCL tissue to heal and avoiding late reconstructions...
March 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880827/post-stroke-kinematic-analysis-in-rats-reveals-similar-reaching-abnormalities-as-humans
#20
Gustavo Balbinot, Clarissa Pedrini Schuch, Matthew S Jeffers, Matthew W McDonald, Jessica M Livingston-Thomas, Dale Corbett
A coordinated pattern of multi-muscle activation is essential to produce efficient reaching trajectories. Disruption of these coordinated activation patterns, termed synergies, is evident following stroke and results in reaching deficits; however, preclinical investigation of this phenomenon has been largely ignored. Furthermore, traditional outcome measures of post-stroke performance seldom distinguish between impairment restitution and compensatory movement strategies. We sought to address this by using kinematic analysis to characterize reaching movements and kinematic synergies of rats performing the Montoya staircase task, before and after ischemic stroke...
June 7, 2018: Scientific Reports
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