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muscle rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040226/propranolol-and-oxandrolone-therapy-accelerated-muscle-recovery-in-burned-children
#1
Tony Chao, Craig Porter, David N Herndon, Aikaterina Siopi, Henry Ideker, Ronald P Mlcak, Labros S Sidossis, Oscar E Suman
INTRODUCTION: Severe burns result in prolonged hypermetabolism and skeletal muscle catabolism. Rehabilitative exercise training (RET) programs improved muscle mass and strength in severely burned children. The combination of RET with β-blockade or testosterone analogues showed improved exercise-induced benefits on body composition and muscle function. However, the effect of RET combined with multiple drug therapy on muscle mass, strength, cardiorespiratory fitness and protein turnover are unknown...
October 16, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035319/nutritional-therapy-in-liver-transplantation
#2
REVIEW
Ahmed Hammad, Toshimi Kaido, Vusal Aliyev, Claudia Mandato, Shinji Uemoto
Protein-energy malnourishment is commonly encountered in patients with end-stage liver disease who undergo liver transplantation. Malnutrition may further increase morbidity, mortality and costs in the post-transplantation setting. The importance of carefully assessing the nutritional status during the work-up of patients who are candidates for liver replacement is widely recognized. The metabolic abnormalities induced by liver failure render the conventional assessment of nutritional status to be challenging...
October 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034801/gluteus-minimus-and-gluteus-medius-muscle-activity-during-common-rehabilitation-exercises-in-healthy-postmenopausal-women
#3
Charlotte Ganderton, Tania Pizzari, Jill Cook, Adam Semciw
Study Design Controlled laboratory study, cross-sectional. Background The gluteus medius (GMed) and minimus (GMin) provide dynamic stability of the hip joint and pelvis and are susceptible to atrophy and injury with menopause, ageing and disease. Numerous exercises have been reported in the literature to elicit high levels of GMed activity, however few have differentiated between the portions of the GMed, and none have examined GMin. Objectives To quantify and rank the level of muscle activity of the 2 segments of GMin (anterior and posterior fibers) and 3 segments of GMed (anterior, middle and posterior fibers) during 4 isometric and 3 dynamic exercises in a group of healthy, post-menopausal women...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032484/young-athletes-return-too-early-to-knee-strenuous-sport-without-acceptable-knee-function-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#4
Susanne Beischer, Eric Hamrin Senorski, Christoffer Thomeé, Kristian Samuelsson, Roland Thomeé
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the return to knee-strenuous sport rate, muscle function and subjective knee function among adolescent patients (15-20 years of age) and adult patients (21-30 years of age) 8 and 12 months, respectively, after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. It was hypothesised that no differences in outcome would be found between age groups at 8 or 12 months after ACL reconstruction. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from five tests of muscle function, from the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and the Tegner Activity Scale (Tegner), performed at 8 and 12 months after a primary ACL reconstruction, were extracted from a rehabilitation outcome register...
October 14, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030080/-effectiveness-of-pelvic-floor-rehabilitation-in-erectile-dysfunction-a-literature-review
#5
T Rival, L Clapeau
PURPOSE: The pelvic floor is now well known and its role in the mechanism of erection is demonstrated. We wanted to know what is the evidence of the effectiveness of perineal rehabilitation in erectile dysfunction. MATERIALS: An English search was performed in Google scholar and databases PubMed, Medline, Pedro with the keywords "pelvic floor, erectile dysfunction, impotence, physiotherapy, exercises, rehabilitation, PFMT". We have selected randomized clinical trials published in indexed journals...
October 10, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030045/the-potential-role-of-thermography-in-determining-the-efficacy-of-stroke-rehabilitation
#6
Béla Hegedűs
INTRODUCTION: Maintaining good physiological circulation in the extremities requires an optimally functioning muscle pump. Stroke symptoms indicate a change in venous circulation. In this study, changes were measured in joint function and microcirculation, and the correlation between them was examined. SETTING: Physiotherapy Center, Ss. Cosmas and Damian Rehabilitation Institute, Visegrád, Hungary. METHODOLOGY: Sixteen randomly selected poststroke patients with hemiparesis affecting mainly the upper extremities began undergoing rehabilitation 13 ± 4 days following stroke...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026613/a-case-of-generalized-argyria-presenting-with-muscle-weakness
#7
Inha Jung, Eun-Jeong Joo, Byung Seong Suh, Cheol-Bae Ham, Ji-Min Han, You-Gyung Kim, Joon-Sup Yeom, Ju-Yeon Choi, Ji-Hye Park
BACKGROUND: Argyria is a rare irreversible cutaneous pigmentation disorder caused by prolonged exposure to silver. Herein, we report a case of generalized argyria that developed after chronic ingestion of soluble silver-nano particles and presented with muscle weakness. CASE PRESENTATION: A 74-year-old woman visited our emergency room, complaining of fever and mental deterioration. She was diagnosed with acute pyelonephritis and recovered after antibiotic therapy...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025696/usability-test-of-exercise-games-designed-for-rehabilitation-of-elderly-patients-after-hip-replacement-surgery-pilot-study
#8
Yun Ling, Louis P Ter Meer, Zerrin Yumak, Remco C Veltkamp
BACKGROUND: Patients who receive rehabilitation after hip replacement surgery are shown to have increased muscle strength and better functional performance. However, traditional physiotherapy is often tedious and leads to poor adherence. Exercise games, provide ways for increasing the engagement of elderly patients and increase the uptake of rehabilitation exercises. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate Fietsgame (Dutch for cycling game), which translates existing rehabilitation exercises into fun exercise games...
October 12, 2017: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025528/-evaluation-of-the-function-and-quality-of-life-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-by-different-approaches
#9
Paulo Araújo, Luís Machado, Duarte Cadavez, Lisete Mónaco, Filipa Januário, Lisete Luís, Mafalda Bártolo
INTRODUCTION: To assess the function and quality of life in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty distinguishing two surgical approaches (posterior / anterolateral) used by the Orthopedics department of Centro Hospitalar de Leiria. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study of 94 patients subject to unilateral hip replacement surgery, using the 'Hip Osteoarthritis Outcome Score' (HOOS LK 2.0) questionnaire, the Trendelenburg test and evaluation of muscle strength of the hip abductor muscles with dynamometer...
September 29, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025427/adaptive-hybrid-robotic-system-for-rehabilitation-of-reaching-movement-after-a-brain-injury-a-usability-study
#10
F Resquín, J Gonzalez-Vargas, J Ibáñez, F Brunetti, I Dimbwadyo, L Carrasco, S Alves, C Gonzalez-Alted, A Gomez-Blanco, J L Pons
BACKGROUND: Brain injury survivors often present upper-limb motor impairment affecting the execution of functional activities such as reaching. A currently active research line seeking to maximize upper-limb motor recovery after a brain injury, deals with the combined use of functional electrical stimulation (FES) and mechanical supporting devices, in what has been previously termed hybrid robotic systems. This study evaluates from the technical and clinical perspectives the usability of an integrated hybrid robotic system for the rehabilitation of upper-limb reaching movements after a brain lesion affecting the motor function...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024824/body-mass-index-and-fitness-in-high-functioning-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-what-happened-over-a-decade
#11
Maremka Zwinkels, Tim Takken, Thijs Ruyten, Anne Visser-Meily, Olaf Verschuren
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, improving fitness has become an important goal in rehabilitation medicine in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). AIMS: To compare body mass index (BMI), performance-related fitness, and cardiorespiratory fitness of children with CP measured in 2014 with a comparable sample from 2004. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: In total, 25 high-functioning children with CP (i.e., GMFCS I-II) measured in 2004 (13 boys; mean age 13...
October 9, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020968/robot-assisted-assessment-of-muscle-strength
#12
REVIEW
Marco Toigo, Martin Flück, Robert Riener, Verena Klamroth-Marganska
Impairment of neuromuscular function in neurological disorders leads to reductions in muscle force, which may lower quality of life. Rehabilitation robots that are equipped with sensors are able to quantify the extent of muscle force impairment and to monitor a patient during the process of neurorehabilitation with sensitive and objective assessment methods. In this article, we provide an overview of fundamental aspects of muscle function and how the corresponding variables can be quantified by means of meaningful robotic assessments that are primarily oriented towards upper limb neurorehabilitation...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019708/effects-of-long-term-exercise-and-low-level-inhibition-of-gabaergic-synapses-on-motor-control-and-the-expression-of-bdnf-in-the-motor-related-cortex
#13
Takahiro Inoue, Shuta Ninuma, Masataka Hayashi, Akane Okuda, Tadayoshi Asaka, Hiroshi Maejima
Objectives Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays important roles in neuroplasticity in the brain. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of long-term exercise combined with low-level inhibition of GABAergic synapses on motor control and the expression of BDNF in the motor-related cortex. Methods ICR mice were divided into four groups based on the factors exercise and GABAA receptor inhibition. We administered the GABAA receptor antagonist bicuculline intraperitoneally (0.25 mg/kg)...
October 11, 2017: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019442/the-use-of-hamstring-fatigue-to-reduce-quadriceps-inhibition-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#14
Timothy Lowe, Xuanliang Neil Dong
Arthrogenic muscle inhibition, an inability to fully activate the quadriceps muscles, has been persistently observed after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLr) surgery. Reductions in quadriceps activation may be partly due to the flexion reflex pathway, hamstrings activation, and reciprocal quadriceps inhibition. Since central fatigue has been shown to modify hamstring excitability and change the hamstring reflex response, hamstring fatigue might alleviate quadriceps muscle inhibition by counteracting the flexion reflex...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017743/resistance-training-for-rehabilitation-after-burn-injury-a-systematic-literature-review-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Paul M Gittings, Tiffany L Grisbrook, Dale W Edgar, Fiona M Wood, Benedict M Wand, Neil E O'Connell
BACKGROUND/AIM: Resistance training is beneficial for rehabilitation in many clinical conditions, though this has not been systematically reviewed in burns. The objective was to determine the effectiveness of resistance training on muscle strength, lean mass, function, quality of life and pain, in children and adults after burn injury. METHODS: Medline & EMBASE, PubMed, CINAHL and CENTRAL were searched from inception to October 2016. Studies were identified that implemented resistance training in rehabilitation...
October 7, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016480/revisiting-the-single-visit-protocol-for-determining-the-electromyographic-fatigue-threshold
#16
Fatin L Khan, Jordan M Lawal, Drew O Kapture, Joseph D Swingle, Moh H Malek
The electromyographic fatigue threshold (EMGFT) has been shown to demarcate between non-fatiguing and fatiguing exercise workloads. One potential limitation of incorporating the single EMGFT test in a clinical setting is the 2-min stage increment inherit to the protocol. In most rehabilitation clinics time with the client is limited and any testing procedures need to consider this factor. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to determine whether or not the estimation of the EMGFT is influenced by reducing the incremental stage to 1-min intervals...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016400/alterations-in-the-mechanical-response-of-deep-dorsal-neck-muscles-in-individuals-suffering-from-whiplash-associated-disorders-compared-to-healthy-controls-an-ultrasound-study
#17
Leila Rahnama, Gunnel Peterson, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Johan Trygg, Anneli Peolsson
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the mechanical responses of dorsal neck muscles in individuals with whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) versus healthy individuals. DESIGN: This study included 36 individuals with WAD (26 women and 10 men) and 36 healthy controls (26 women and 10 men). Ultrasound imaging with speckle tracking was used to measure deformation and deformation rate in five dorsal neck muscles during a neck extension task...
October 7, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016397/feasibility-and-reliability-of-functional-muscle-tests-in-lung-transplant-recipients
#18
Thomas Kienbacher, Grace Achim-Gunacker, Melanie Pachner, Katharina Kerschan-Schindl, Patrik Gunacker, Richard Habenicht, Walter Klepetko, Peter Jaksch, Stephan Doblhammer, Gerold Ebenbichler
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the feasibility, reliability, and correlations of recommended functional tests in lung transplant recipients shortly after surgery. DESIGN: Observational study METHODS: 50 patients (28 females) performed well standardized maximum isometric back extension in a sitting position, hand grip strength, and Biering-Sørensen endurance tests shortly before discharge from the acute hospital, shortly thereafter, and two months later following subacute rehabilitation...
October 10, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994667/relative-contribution-of-different-altered-motor-unit-control-to-muscle-weakness-in-stroke-a-simulation-study
#19
Henry Shin, Nina Suresh, William Zev Rymer, Xiaogang Hu
Chronic muscle weakness impacts the majority of individuals after a stroke. The origins of this hemiparesis is multifaceted, and an altered spinal control of the motor unit (MU) pool can lead to muscle weakness. However, the relative contribution of different MU recruitment and discharge organization is not well understood. In this study, we sought to examine these different effects by utilizing a MU simulation with variations set to mimic the changes of MU control in stroke. Approach: Using a well-established model of the MU pool, this study quantified the changes in force output caused by changes in MU recruitment range and recruitment order, as well as MU firing rate organization at the population level...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993936/the-influence-of-body-composition-on-pulmonary-rehabilitation-outcomes-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients
#20
Pichapong Tunsupon, M Jeffery Mador
INTRODUCTION: Alterations in body composition are commonly present in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The hypothesis of this study is that COPD patients would achieve clinical benefits after pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) independent of muscle mass depletion or body weight. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using single-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) for assessment of fat-free mass (FFM) depletion (muscle depletion)...
October 9, 2017: Lung
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