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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149793/improving-quality-of-work-life-for-care-providers-by-fostering-the-emotional-well-being-of-persons-with-dementia-a-cluster-randomized-trial-of-a-nursing-intervention-in-german-long-term-care-settings
#1
Charlotte Berendonk, Roman Kaspar, Marion Bär, Matthias Hoben
We tested the feasibility of a nursing intervention (DEMIAN) in routine care and its effects on care providers' job satisfaction, motivation, and work strain. This cluster-randomized trial was conducted in 20 German long-term care facilities. We randomly assigned 20 facilities to an intervention group (84 care providers, 42 residents with dementia) or a control group (96 care providers, 42 residents with dementia). Intervention group providers received two training days on the intervention; 68 providers attended both training days...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149735/carbamazepine-lamotrigine-levetiracetam-and-valproic-acid-in-dried-blood-spots-with-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-method-development-and-validation
#2
Camilla Linder, Anna Hansson, Sara Sadek, Lars L Gustafsson, Anton Pohanka
Monitoring of antiepileptic drugs in children with epilepsy require multiple visits at a clinic for blood collection. Dried blood spot sampling is an alternative way of collection, performed at home by self-collection and can save time and costs for patients and family members. The aim was to develop and validate an LC-MS/MS dried blood spot method for carbamazepine, lamotrigine, levetiracetam and valproic acid with the requirements of using standard equipment and material in a routine laboratory setting. Whatman-903 filter paper was utilized, and discs were punched into a 96 well plate with an automated puncher and barcode reading...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148137/brain-computer-interfaces-with-multi-sensory-feedback-for-stroke-rehabilitation-a-case-study
#3
Danut C Irimia, Woosang Cho, Rupert Ortner, Brendan Z Allison, Bogdan E Ignat, Guenter Edlinger, Christoph Guger
Conventional therapies do not provide paralyzed patients with closed-loop sensorimotor integration for motor rehabilitation. This work presents the recoveriX system, a hardware and software platform that combines a motor imagery (MI)-based brain-computer interface (BCI), functional electrical stimulation (FES), and visual feedback technologies for a complete sensorimotor closed-loop therapy system for poststroke rehabilitation. The proposed system was tested on two chronic stroke patients in a clinical environment...
November 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147548/automaticity-in-stimulus-parity-synaesthesia
#4
Tsvetomira Dumbalska, Rebekah C White, Mihaela D Duta, Kate Nation
Automaticity is a defining characteristic of synaesthesia. Here, we assess for automaticity in stimulus-parity synaesthesia; a subtype that has been documented only 3 times in the literature. Synaesthete R experiences many (nonnumerical) stimuli as being odd or even. She described a toy shape-sorter, which paired odd shapes with even colour slots (and vice versa) and relayed difficulties with the incongruency created by this simple toy. Inspired by this anecdote, we devised a computerised task in which Synaesthete R (and 10 control participants) indicated the location of a target shape, which was presented on a coloured bar...
November 2017: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146978/oxygen-rich-microporous-carbons-with-exceptional-hydrogen-storage-capacity
#5
Troy Scott Blankenship Ii, Norah Balahmar, Robert Mokaya
Porous carbons have been extensively investigated for hydrogen storage but, to date, appear to have an upper limit to their storage capacity. Here, in an effort to circumvent this upper limit, we explore the potential of oxygen-rich activated carbons. We describe cellulose acetate-derived carbons that combine high surface area (3800 m(2) g(-1)) and pore volume (1.8 cm(3) g(-1)) that arise almost entirely (>90%) from micropores, with an oxygen-rich nature. The carbons exhibit enhanced gravimetric hydrogen uptake (8...
November 16, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146872/holistic-bioengineering-rewiring-central-metabolism-for-enhanced-bioproduction
#6
REVIEW
Selçuk Aslan, Elad Noor, Arren Bar-Even
What does it take to convert a living organism into a truly productive biofactory? Apart from optimizing biosynthesis pathways as standalone units, a successful bioengineering approach must bend the endogenous metabolic network of the host, and especially its central metabolism, to support the bioproduction process. In practice, this usually involves three complementary strategies which include tuning-down or abolishing competing metabolic pathways, increasing the availability of precursors of the desired biosynthesis pathway, and ensuring high availability of energetic resources such as ATP and NADPH...
November 16, 2017: Biochemical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146830/mechanical-thrombectomy-performs-similarly-in-real-world-practice-a-2016-nationwide-study-from-the-czech-republic
#7
Ondrej Volny, Antonin Krajina, Silvie Belaskova, Michal Bar, Petra Cimflova, Roman Herzig, Daniel Sanak, Ales Tomek, Martin Köcher, Miloslav Rocek, Radek Padr, Filip Cihlar, Miroslava Nevsimalova, Lubomir Jurak, Roman Havlicek, Martin Kovar, Petr Sevcik, Vladimir Rohan, Jan Fiksa, Bijoy K Menon, Robert Mikulik
BACKGROUND: Randomized clinical trials have proven mechanical thrombectomy (MT) to be a highly effective and safe treatment in acute stroke. The purpose of this study was to compare neurothrombectomy data from the Czech Republic (CR) with data from the HERMES meta-analysis. METHODS: Available nationwide data for the CR from 2016 from the Safe Implementation of Treatments in Stroke-Thrombectomy (SITS-TBY) registry for patients with terminal internal carotid artery (ICA) and/or middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusions were compared with data from HERMES...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146387/dilemmas-in-genetic-counseling-for-low-penetrance-neuro-susceptibility-loci-detected-on-prenatal-chromosomal-microarray-analysis
#8
Dana Brabbing-Goldstein, Adi Reches, Ran Svirsky, Anat Bar-Shira, Yuval Yaron
BACKGROUND: Chromosomal microarray analysis is standard of care in fetuses with malformations, detecting clinically significant copy number variants in 5-7% of cases over conventional karyotyping. However, it also detects variants of uncertain significance in 1.6% - 4.2% of the cases, some of which are low-penetrance neuro-susceptibility loci. The interpretation of these variants in pregnancy is particularly challenging, because the significance is often unclear and the clinical implications may be difficult to predict...
November 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145092/ionic-liquid-solvent-bar-micro-extraction-of-cdcln-n-2-species-for-ultra-trace-cd-determination-in-seawater
#9
Belén Herce-Sesa, José A López-López, Carlos Moreno
Water analysis of trace metals has been benefited by recent studies on sample preparation by liquid micro-extraction. However, there are still limitations for its application to seawater, such as the need of additives to preserve the sample or the availability of chemical extractants for the selective extraction from highly saline samples. In this work, a three phase solvent bar micro-extraction (3SBME) system containing the ionic liquid trioctylmethylammonium chloride (Aliquat(®) 336) has been used for isolation and pre-concentration of Cd from seawater samples, due to its ability for ionic exchange of CdCln((n-2)-)...
November 1, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144880/online-only-articles
#10
(no author information available yet)
On occasion we receive manuscripts that we would like to publish, but do not have the page room to include in the print journal. For the full article, please go to www.jopdentonline.org or enter the provided address into your address bar.
November 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144596/controlled-radical-polymerization-of-ethylene-using-organotellurium-compounds
#11
Franck D'Agosto, Arne Wolpers, Bastian Ebeling, Yasuyuki Nakamura, Shigeru Yamago, Vincent Monteil
The first successfully controlled radical polymerization (CRP) of ethylene is reported using several organotellurium chain-transfer agents (CTAs) under mild conditions (70 °C, 200 bar of ethylene) within the concept of organotellurium-mediated radical polymerization (TERP). In contrast to preceding works on CRPs of ethylene applying reversible addition-fragmentation chain-transfer (RAFT), the organotellurium-mediated system provided a high livingness and chain-end functionalization of polyethylene chains...
November 16, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144056/oropharyngeal-dysphagia-profiles-in-individuals-with-oculopharyngeal-muscular-dystrophy
#12
L C Tabor, E K Plowman, C Romero-Clark, S Youssof
BACKGROUND: Although dysphagia represents a hallmark manifestation of oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD), limited knowledge exists regarding the underlying nature of oropharyngeal swallowing impairments in this patient population. We aimed to delineate global pharyngeal dysphagia profiles in OPMD and identify the prevalence and physiologic associations of impairments in swallowing safety and efficiency. METHODS: Twenty-two individuals with OPMD completed a videofluoroscopic swallowing evaluation...
November 16, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143022/high-co2-absorption-capacity-by-chemisorption-at-cations-and-anions-in-choline-based-ionic-liquids
#13
Shubhankar Bhattacharyya, Andrei Filippov, Faiz Ullah Shah
The effect of CO2 absorption on the aromaticity and hydrogen bonding in ionic liquids is investigated. Five different ionic liquids with choline based cations and aprotic N-heterocyclic anions were synthesized. Purity and structures of the synthesized ionic liquids were characterized by (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy. CO2 capture performance was studied at 20 °C and 40 °C under three different pressures (1, 3, 6 bar). The IL [N1,1,6,2OH][4-Triz] showed the highest CO2 capture capacity (28.6 wt%, 1.57 mol of CO2 per mol of the IL, 6...
November 16, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142879/effect-of-water-storage-on-flexural-strength-of-silorane-and-methacrylate-based-composite-resins
#14
Narges Panahandeh, Hassan Torabzadeh, Hani Naderi, Seyedeh Mahsa Sheikh-Al-Eslamian
Objectives: This study assessed the effect of water storage on the flexural strength (FS) of low shrinkage composites. Materials and Methods: A total of 165 bar-shaped specimens (2 × 2 × 25 mm) were fabricated of 2 low shrinkage composites (Filtek P90 [3M ESPE], GC Kalore [GC International]) and a conventional methacrylate-based composite (Filtek Z250 [3M ESPE]). The specimens were subjected to 3-point bending test at 6 time intervals, namely: immediately after curing, at 24 hours, 1 week, 1 month, 6 months, and 1 year following storage in wet and dry conditions...
November 2017: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142326/complex-organic-molecules-in-strongly-uv-irradiated-gas
#15
S Cuadrado, J R Goicoechea, J Cernicharo, A Fuente, J Pety, B Tercero
We investigate the presence of complex organic molecules (COMs) in strongly UV-irradiated interstellar molecular gas. We have carried out a complete millimetre (mm) line survey using the IRAM 30 m telescope towards the edge of the Orion Bar photodissociation region (PDR), close to the H2 dissociation front, a position irradiated by a very intense far-UV (FUV) radiation field. These observations have been complemented with 8.5″ resolution maps of the H2CO JKa,Kc = 51,5 → 41,4 and C(18)O J = 3 → 2 emission at 0...
July 2017: Astronomy and Astrophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142125/emergence-of-double-and-triple-gene-reassortant-g1p-8-rotaviruses-possessing-a-ds-1-like-backbone-post-rotavirus-vaccine-introduction-in-malawi
#16
Khuzwayo C Jere, Chrispin Chaguza, Naor Bar-Zeev, Jenna Lowe, Chikondi Peno, Benjamin Kumwenda, Osamu Nakagomi, Jacqueline E Tate, Umesh D Parashar, Robert S Heyderman, Neil French, Nigel A Cunliffe, Iturriza-Gomara Miren
To combat the high burden of rotavirus gastroenteritis, multiple African countries have introduced rotavirus vaccines into their childhood immunisation programmes. Malawi incorporated a G1P[8] rotavirus vaccine (Rotarix™) into its immunisation schedule in 2012. Utilising a surveillance platform of hospitalised rotavirus gastroenteritis cases, we examined the phylodynamics of G1P[8] rotavirus strains that circulated in Malawi before (1998 - 2012) and after (2013 - 2014) vaccine introduction. Analysis of whole genomes obtained through next generation sequencing revealed that all randomly-selected pre-vaccine G1P[8] strains sequenced (n=32) possessed a Wa-like genetic constellation, whereas post-vaccine G1P[8] strains (n=18) had a DS-1-like constellation...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141880/divergent-respiratory-and-cardiovascular-responses-to-hypoxia-in-bar-headed-geese-and-andean-birds
#17
Sabine L Lague, Beverly Chua, Luis Alza, Graham R Scott, Peter B Frappell, Yang Zhong, Anthony P Farrell, Kevin G McCracken, Yuxiang Wang, William K Milsom
Many high-altitude vertebrates have evolved increased capacities in their oxygen transport cascade (ventilation, pulmonary diffusion, circulation and tissue diffusion), enhancing oxygen transfer from the atmosphere to mitochondria. However, the extent of interspecies variation in the control processes that dictate hypoxia responses remains largely unknown. We compared the metabolic, cardiovascular and respiratory responses to progressive decreases in inspired oxygen levels of bar-headed geese (Anser indicus), birds that biannually migrate across the Himalayan mountains, with those of Andean geese (Chloephaga melanoptera) and crested ducks (Lophonetta specularioides), lifelong residents of the high Andes...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141146/the-effect-of-pressure-and-temperature-on-mid-infrared-sensing-of-dissolved-hydrocarbons-in-water
#18
Charles Heath, Matthew B Myers, Bobby Pejcic
Attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy using a polymer coated internal reflection element/waveguide is an established sensor platform for the detection of a range of organic and hydrocarbon molecules dissolved in water. The polymer coating serves two purposes: to concentrate hydrocarbons from the aqueous phase and to exclude water along with other interfering molecules from the surface of the internal reflection element. Crucial to reliable quantification and analytical performance is the calibration of the ATR-FTIR sensor which is commonly performed in water under mild ambient conditions (i...
November 15, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140674/triptycene-based-microporous-cyanate-resins-for-adsorption-separations-of-benzene-cyclohexane-and-carbon-dioxide-gas
#19
Gaoyang Deng, Zhonggang Wang
Triptycene-based cyanate monomers 2,6,14-tricyanatotriptycene (TPC) and 2,6,14-tris(4-cyanatophenyl)triptycene (TPPC) that contain different numbers of benzene rings per molecule were synthesized, from which two microporous cyanate resins PCN-TPC and PCN-TPPC were prepared. Of interest is the observation that the two polymers have very similar porosity parameters, but PCN-TPPC uptakes considerably higher benzene (77.8 wt %) than PCN-TPC (17.6 wt %) at room temperature since the higher concentration of phenyl groups in PCN-TPPC enhances the π-π interaction with benzene molecules...
November 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139588/breast-cancer-in-young-women-aged-35-and-under-patterns-of-care-and-outcome
#20
Maria Passhak, Shlomit Strulov Shachar, Gil Bar-Sela, Georgeta Fried
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Breast Journal
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