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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471818/adult-wilms-tumor-with-inferior-vena-cava-thrombus-and-distal-deep-vein-thrombosis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Krzysztof Ratajczyk, Adrian Czekaj, Joanna Rogala, Pawel Kowal
BACKGROUND: Adult Wilms tumor (WT, nephroblastoma) is a rare, but well-described renal neoplasm. Although inferior vena cava tumor thrombosis is present in up to 10% of Wilms tumors in childhood, only few cases of this clinical manifestation in adults have been reported. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of adult WT infiltrating into inferior vena cava (IVC) with concomitant distal deep vein thrombosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 28-year-old male patient with gross hematuria and right flank pain was diagnosed with right kidney tumor penetrating to IVC...
February 23, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452831/painless-urethral-bleeding-during-penile-erection-in-an-adult-man-with-klippel-trenaunay-syndrome-a-case-report
#2
Hongen Lei, Xing Guan, Hu Han, Xiaosong Qian, Xiaoguang Zhou, Xiaodong Zhang, Long Tian
INTRODUCTION: Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) is a rare congenital vascular disorder characterized by a triad of cutaneous port wine capillary malformations, varicose veins, and hemihypertrophy of bone and soft tissues. AIMS: To report on a rare case of KTS in an adult man manifested by painless urethral bleeding during penile erection briefly review the clinical presentation and management of the genitourinary forms of this syndrome. METHODS: On presentation, the clinical features of this patient, including medical history, signs and symptoms, and imaging examinations, were recorded...
February 13, 2018: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432871/tertiary-referral-hospital-experiences-of-men-presenting-with-painless-post-coital-gross-hematuria-and-a-suggestion-for-the-management-algorithm
#3
Dong Hyuk Kang, Joo Yong Lee, Dae Chul Jung, Young Taik Oh, Eun Suk Cho, Sung Yoon Park, Ki Soo Lee, Kang Su Cho
OBJECTIVE: To review the tertiary referral hospital experiences of men presenting with painless post-coital gross hematuria (PCGH) and suggest the management algorithm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed clinical data from 19 male patients who first visited a clinic because of PCGH between 2009 and 2016. The patients were evaluated according to our tentative management algorithm for painless PCGH. First, a general work-up for painless gross hematuria (GH) was performed...
February 9, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409845/initial-experience-performing-in-office-ultrasound-guided-transperineal-prostate-biopsy-under-local-anesthesia-using-the-precisionpoint-transperineal-access-system
#4
Alexa R Meyer, Gregory A Joice, Zeyad R Schwen, Alan W Partin, Mohamad E Allaf, Michael A Gorin
OBJECTIVE: To describe our procedural technique and initial outcomes performing in-office transperineal prostate biopsies using the PrecisionPoint Transperineal Access System. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Following Institutional Review Board approval, we retrospectively reviewed the records of men who underwent an in-office transperineal prostate biopsy using the PrecisionPoint device. Records were reviewed for baseline characteristics, biopsy results, and post-biopsy complications...
January 31, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394656/-a-case-of-appendiceal-mucinous-adenocarcinoma-detected-with-a-bladder-tumor
#5
Shinji Tsutsumi, Akihiko Murata, Yoichi Yamauchi, Kensuke Okano, Hiroshi Yokoyama, Akitoshi Kimura, Yoshiya Ishizawa, Minoru Umehara, Masashi Kato, Naoki Hashimoto, Yutaka Umehara, Shinsuke Nishikawa, Kenichi Takahashi, Takayuki Morita
A 74-year-oldwoman hadconsultedthe department of urology in our hospital because of microscopic hematuria. Cystoscopy revealeda urinary bladder tumor, suspectedas an adenocarcinoma basedon biopsy. MRI showeda cystic tumor of the appendix with vesical fistula; therefore, she underwent an operation with a diagnosis of appendiceal cancer invading the urinary bladder. During the operation, we found that the appendix sunk into the urinary bladder with right adnexa. Therefore, we performed ileocecal resection, partial resection of the urinary bladder, and right adnexectomy...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393843/successful-treatment-of-nephrotic-syndrome-induced-by-lambda-light-chain-deposition-disease-using-lenalidomide-a-case-report-and%C3%A2-review-of-the-literature%C3%A2
#6
Akira Mima, Dai Nagahara, Kosuke Tansho
BACKGROUND: Light chain deposition disease (LCDD) is a monoclonal immunoglobulin deposition disease (MIDD) that is characterized by the deposition of monoclonal light chains in multiple organs, including the kidney. It is a rare disorder caused by an underlying monoclonal plasma cell dyscrasia. LCDD with renal involvement causes proteinuria, which sometimes can lead to nephrotic syndrome. The monoclonal light chains are mostly in the κ form. Treatment of LCDD is the same as that for multiple myeloma (MM); however, some conventional anticancer drugs show substantial toxicity and therefore cannot be administered to older patients or those with renal impairment...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390513/concomitant-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-hiv-infection-a-rare-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Hong-Yan Liao, Chuan-Min Tao, Jun Su
RATIONALE: Coexisting systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection cases are rare worldwide. Great challenges are posed on the diagnosis and treatment of such concurrent cases. PATIENT CONCERN: We report the case of a 44-year-old Chinese man with edema, hematuria, and fever who presented at West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China, in 2013. DIAGNOSES: An initial diagnosis of SLE was made from the clinical manifestations and laboratory findings based on the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics classification criteria...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390332/spontaneous-rupture-of-the-renal-pelvis-caused-by-upper-urinary-tract-obstruction-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
REVIEW
Huaming Zhang, Guimin Zhuang, Dongchong Sun, Tianxing Deng, Jiawei Zhang
RATIONALE: Spontaneous renal rupture is rupture of the renal parenchyma, collecting system, or renal blood vessel, which often occurs in pathological kidney and is clinically less common. Postoperative long-term renal rupture is rarely reported in flexible ureteroscopy treatment of calculus in the upper urinary tract. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 58-year-old man complained of right lower abdominal pain with hematuria for 3 hours after flexible ureteroscopy, combined with holmium laser lithotripsy of right renal calculi was performed 1 month ago...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388171/combined-membranous-nephropathy-and-tubulointerstitial-nephritis-as-a-rare-renal-manifestation-of-igg4-related-disease-a-case-based-literature-review
#9
Wei Zhang, Jeffrey H Glaze, David Wynne
IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a newly recognized immune-mediated multisystemic disease characterized by a fibro-inflammatory condition with tissue infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells and often associated with elevated serum IgG4 levels. Typical renal involvement of IgG4-RD presents as tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN), membranous or membranoproliferative nephropathy. We are presenting a case with combined IgG4 membranous nephropathy and TIN, as well as a literature review on pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of IgG4-RD...
February 1, 2018: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375692/management-of-upper-urinary-tract-calculi-in-crossed-fused-renal-ectopic-anomaly
#10
Liang Huang, Yong Lin, Zhengyan Tang, Dongjie Lie, Zhao Wang, Hequn Chen, Guilin Wang
The aim of the present study was to summarize the management of upper urinary tract calculi in crossed fused renal ectopia (CFRE). Two patients were retrospectively studied in Xiangya Hospital (Changsha, China) and all relevant literature published in English between 1996 and 2016 was reviewed. All patients, including those reported in the literature, were characterized by age, sex, manifestation, therapy history, ectopic side, stone location, surgery and outcome. The patients had a mean age of 42.3±18.5 years, a male: Female ratio of 5:4 and the ratio of renal ectopic side was 9:8 (left:right)...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374912/-selective-preimplantation-pathological-evaluation-in-renal-transplantation-a-single-center-s-experience
#11
F H Peng, J J Chen, L K Peng, X B Xie, G B Lan, S J Yu, Y Wang, X T Tang, H L Dai, C Gao, C H Fang
Objective: To summarize the clinical data of pre-implantation biopsy donors in our hospital and explore the clinical characteristics of those donors in pathological high-risk, and to provide references for the selective histological evaluation of extended criteria donor kidneys. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data and pre-implantation renal pathologic score of donors from January 1, 2015 to May 1, 2017.During this period, 247 cases of donation after citizen's death (DCD) occurred.After clinical evaluation and selective machine perfusion( Lifeport) evaluation, 30 cases of pre-implantation pathological evaluation were performed...
January 16, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370814/concurrent-renal-cell-carcinoma-and-urothelial-carcinoma-long-term-follow-up-study-of-27-cases
#12
Nienie Qi, Yue Chen, Kan Gong, Hailong Li
BACKGROUND: To investigate the clinical manifestation, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome of simultaneous occurrence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and urothelial carcinoma. METHODS: Twenty-seven consecutive patients with synchronous renal cell carcinoma and urothelial carcinoma treated in two tertiary medical centers from March 2005 to December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Their clinical, pathological, and prognostic features were evaluated. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to estimate overall survival...
January 25, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362656/clinical-efficacy-and-safety-of-transcatheter-embolization-for-vascular-complications-after-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#13
Necdet Poyraz, Mehmet Balasar, İbrahim Erdem Gökmen, Osman Koç, Mehmet Giray Sönmez, Arif Aydın, Yunus Emre Göger, Ahmet Öztürk
Introduction: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) is the preferred procedure for safe and effective surgical treatment of kidney stones. Hemorrhage is the most serious complication of PNL, resulting from pseudoaneurysm (PA) or arteriovenous fistula (AVF), and can usually be controlled with conservative treatment. Aim: To evaluate endovascular treatments and outcomes of vascular complications observed after PNL. Material and methods: We retrospectively reviewed data on 19 patients who underwent renal embolization due to post-PNL renal artery bleeding between March 2005 and September 2016...
December 2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354490/the-contemporary-role-and-impact-of-urine-based-biomarkers-in-bladder-cancer
#14
REVIEW
Igor Duquesne, Lars Weisbach, Atiqullah Aziz, Luis A Kluth, Evanguelos Xylinas
Despite advances in the surgical and medical treatment of bladder cancer, there have only been minor improvements in mortality and morbidity rates over the past decades. Urine-based markers help to improve diagnosing bladder cancer with the aim of complementing or probably in future replacing cystoscopy. Biomarkers may allow individualized risk stratification and support decision-making regarding therapy and follow-up. This review summarizes the existing urine-based biomarkers in bladder cancer. We conducted a comprehensive review of the literature...
December 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331401/preoperative-dipstick-albuminuria-and-other-urine-abnormalities-predict-acute-kidney-injury-and-patient-outcomes
#15
Sehoon Park, Soojin Lee, Anna Lee, Jin Hyuk Paek, Ho Jun Chin, Ki Young Na, Dong-Wan Chae, Sejoong Kim
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether pathologic findings on preoperative urinalysis are associated with the risk of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI). Therefore, we performed a retrospective review to investigate this association. METHODS: We assessed the clinical significance of preoperative dipstick urinalysis in a 10-year surgery cohort from a tertiary hospital in Korea. Patients without available information on perioperative serum creatinine levels or kidney injury prior to surgery were excluded...
January 10, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327821/chronic-kidney-disease-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#16
Omer Shahab, Pegah Golabi, Zobair M Younossi
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection affects many organs in the body, including the liver, kidneys, skin, joints and others. Although the hepatic manifestation of HCV has been widely studied, the extrahepatic manifestaions of HCV have not been fully appreciated. Studies have shown that patients with HCV have a higher risk of chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease, as well as poorer outcomes after kidney transplantation. Given these findings, it is important to screen HCV patients for presence of renal impairement in a timely manner...
January 10, 2018: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321112/the-evaluation-and-management-of-urolithiasis-in-the-emergency-department-a-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Michael Gottlieb, Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Urolithiasis is a common condition in the U.S. Patients frequently present to the emergency department (ED) for care, including analgesia and treatments to facilitate stone passage. OBJECTIVE: With the new evidence concerning the evaluation and treatment of urolithiasis, this review summarizes current literature regarding the ED management of urolithiasis. DISCUSSION: Urolithiasis occurs primarily through supersaturation of urine and commonly presents with flank pain, hematuria, and nausea/vomiting...
January 5, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320993/distribution-of-glomerular-diseases-in-taiwan-preliminary-report-of-national-renal-biopsy-registry-publication-on-behalf-of-taiwan-society-of-nephrology
#18
Hsien-Fu Chiu, Hung-Chun Chen, Kuo-Cheng Lu, Kuo-Hsiung Shu
BACKGROUND: Despite the development of biomarkers and noninvasive imaging tools, biopsy remains the only method for correctly diagnosing patients with unexplained hematuria, proteinuria and renal failure. Renal biopsy has been performed for several decades in Taiwan; however, a national data registry is still lacking until 2013. METHODS: The Renal Biopsy Registry Committee was established within the Taiwan Society of Nephrology in January 2013. A biopsy registry format, including basic demographic data, baseline clinical features, laboratory data, and clinical and pathological diagnosis was developed...
January 10, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319919/outcomes-and-toxicities-in-intermediate-risk-prostate-cancer-patients-treated-with-brachytherapy-alone-or-brachytherapy-and-supplemental-external-beam-radiation-therapy
#19
Emily Schlussel Markovic, Michael Buckstein, Nelson N Stone, Richard G Stock
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cancer control outcomes and long-term treatment-related morbidity of brachytherapy as well as combination brachytherapy and EBRT in patients with intermediate-risk prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted in a prospectively collected database of patients with intermediate-risk prostate cancer who were treated either with brachytherapy or brachytherapy and EBRT, with or without ADT, from 1990-2014. Urinary and erectile dysfunction symptoms are measured using the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and the Mount Sinai erectile function scale, and the Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM), respectively...
January 10, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290317/histiocytic-sarcoma-with-bladder-involvement-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Mª Jesús Fernández-Aceñero, Pablo Pérez Alonso, Cristina Díaz Del Arco
We report an unusual case of histiocytic sarcoma with bladder involvement. An 80 year-old man with a previous history of diffuse large B-cell malignant lymphoma presented with hematuria and back pain. Serial urine cytologies revealed no urothelial malignant cells, but cystoscopy showed a large intravesical mass. The patient underwent transurethral resection (TUR) of the tumor. The bladder TUR specimen showed a widely infiltrating epithelioid neoplasm, with intense immunohistochemical positivity for CD45 and histiocytic markers (CD68, lysozime and fascin)...
January 2018: Revista Española de Patología
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