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hematuria review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221636/urothelial-neoplasms-in-pediatric-and-young-adult-patients-a-large-single-center-series
#1
James A Saltsman, Marcus M Malek, Victor E Reuter, William J Hammond, Enrico Danzer, Harry W Herr, Michael P LaQuaglia
PURPOSE: Bladder cancer is the sixth most common cancer in the United States, but is exceedingly rare in young patients, leading to a lack of accepted standards for diagnosis, treatment, and surveillance. We review our institutional experience with bladder urothelial neoplasms in pediatric and young adult patients summarizing presentation, treatment, and outcomes. METHODS: Surgical pathology records at our institution were searched for cases of urothelial neoplasms among patients ≤25 years of age treated between January 1997 and September 2016...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209798/-two-synchronous-malignancies-in-a%C3%A2-single-nephrectomy-specimen
#2
J Hrudka, V Eis, J Šach, P Klézl, S Schilling, D Bandke
We report a case of a 65-year-old man examined for hematuria and neurologic symptoms. Radiologically a tumour of the kidney was suspected, with metastatic involvement of the brain and both lungs. The urologists then performed a cytoreductive nephrectomy.In histopathological examination of the nephrectomy specimen a clear cell renal cell carcinoma (clear cell RCC) was found. However, an additional focus of a high-grade adenocarcinoma was discovered that turned out to be a metastasis of a poor differentiated lung adenocarcinoma...
December 5, 2017: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207219/-donor-and-recipient-selection-in-living-donor-kidney-transplantation-eligibility
#3
REVIEW
Marilena Gregorini, Eleonora Francesca Pattonieri, Gianluca Fasoli, Mauro Valente, Edoardo La Porta, Michele Canevari, Fulvia Erasmi, Teresa Rampino
This review is intended to be a guide for the physician to evaluate and prepare a donor / recipient couple for living kidney transplantation. Although it is intended to be exhaustive, it will not be able to respond at all possible and different cases, but it may apply at most of them. Renal transplantation is considered the choice treatment for patients with chronic renal failure and if the kidney transplant is performed pre-emptive it is associated with better organ and patient survival. The main aim of the program is to evaluate the risks of donor and recipient and to ensure the donor safety and well-being...
December 5, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169843/diagnostic-evaluation-of-patients-presenting-with-hematuria-an-electronic-health-record-based-study
#4
Kyle A Richards, Vania Lopez Ruiz, Daniel R Murphy, Tracy M Downs, E Jason Abel, David F Jarrard, Hardeep Singh
BACKGROUND: To gain new insights into the origin and prevention of diagnostic delays in the evaluation of hematuria in an electronic health record (EHR)-based integrated care setting. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 298 consecutive patients with new-onset hematuria at a Veterans Affairs facility from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2013 excluding those where diagnostic evaluation was unnecessary (i.e., cystoscopy within 3 years prior). We collected data on presentation, such as red flags of painless gross hematuria (PGH) or asymptomatic microhematuria (AMH) and subsequent evaluation (imaging, urologic referral, and cystoscopy)...
November 20, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168217/prevalence-management-and-prognosis-of-bladder-cancer-in-patients-with-neurogenic-bladder-a-systematic-review
#5
Salima Ismail, Gilles Karsenty, Emmanuel Chartier-Kastler, Olivier Cussenot, Eva Compérat, Morgan Rouprêt, Véronique Phé
AIM: To perform a systematic review of the literature regarding epidemiology, diagnosis, management and prognosis of bladder cancer in the neuro-urological patient population, in order to serve as a basis for future recommendations and research. METHODS: A systematic review was performed according to the PRISMA-Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyzes Statement. Embase was searched for studies providing data on epidemiology, diagnosis, management and prognosis of bladder cancer in neuro-urological patients...
November 23, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154041/patient-characteristics-treatment-patterns-and-prognostic-factors-in-squamous-cell-bladder-cancer
#6
Haris Zahoor, Paul Elson, Andrew Stephenson, Georges-Pascal Haber, Jihad Kaouk, Amr Fergany, Byron Lee, Vadim Koshkin, Moshe Ornstein, Timothy Gilligan, Jorge A Garcia, Brian Rini, Petros Grivas
BACKGROUND: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is an uncommon histologic subtype of bladder cancer with limited data on treatment patterns, outcomes, and prognostic factors. "Real world" information might inform decision-making, prognostic estimates, and clinical trial designs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with tissue-confirmed bladder SCC treated at Cleveland Clinic from 2007 to 2016 was performed. Data on patient characteristics, treatment patterns, and clinical follow-up were extracted...
October 17, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148427/urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-bladder-in-pediatric-patient-four-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Murat Uçar, Metin Demirkaya, Berna Aytaç Vuruşkan, Emin Balkan, Nizamettin Kılıç
BACKGROUND: Urothelial carcinoma (UC) of bladder is a rare condition in children. Majority of the cases are non-invasive and low grade in this age group. However, there is no follow-up protocol defined for this patient group. The objective of this study is to draw attention to childhood bladder tumors and focus on current recommendations for postoperative follow-up together with our experience with four cases. CASE REPORT: A total of 4 cases aged under the age of 18, who were treated in our clinics between 2001 and 2015 with the diagnosis of urothelial carcinoma were retrospectively evaluated...
November 17, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147449/prostatic-lymphoma-masquerading-as-urinary-retention-and-hematuria-with-review-of-literature
#8
Tsering Gyalpo Lama Tamang, Prabhsimranjot Singh, Jonathan Garellek, Sonali Malhotra, Abhinav Binod Chandra, William Solomon
Lymphomas of prostate are very rare tumors. They are not commonly considered in the clinical and histological differential diagnosis of prostatic enlargement. We report a case of a 49-year-old man who presented to emergency department with several weeks of difficulty in urination, for which he was being treated for benign prostate hyperplasia with no improvement. Computerized tomography scan showed lobulated mass originating from the superior aspect of the prostate with right inguinal lymph node involvement and no distant organ metastatic disease...
August 2017: World Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145282/autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-combined-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-a-case-report
#9
Yingjing Shen, Chenggang Xu
INTRODUCTION: This report describes the novel sampling of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) combined with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). SYMPTOMS AND CLINICAL FINDINGS: A 48-year-old Chinese man presented with anasarca, hypourocrinia, gross hematuria, and weight gain by 10 kg subsequently developed acute kidney injury after struck by acute respiratory distress syndrome, really a threat to his heart. DIAGNOSES: Abdominal ultrasound revealed multiple small cysts in both kidneys, with the right kidney measuring 11...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144625/acquired-hemophilia-presenting-as-gross-hematuria-following-kidney-stone-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Max Schmidt-Bowman, Lael Reinstatler, Eric P Raffin, Joseph E Yared, John D Seigne, Einar F Sverrisson
A rare condition in itself, acquired hemophilia A, seldom presents as isolated gross hematuria. It is a serious condition with a high mortality rate and thus clinical suspicion followed by prompt diagnosis is imperative (1). In fact, only 8 cases of such presentation of this condition have been reported thus far in the literature. Of these, none describe the initial presentation of hematuria with the inciting event of a kidney stone. We present a case of a 67-year-old man with signs and symptoms of nephrolithiasis accompanied by profuse hematuria, who was subsequently found to have developed expression of factor VIII inhibitor leading to acquired hemophilia A...
November 19, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131558/cytologic-findings-of-an-adult-rhabdomyoma-in-the-parapharyngeal-space-a-report-of-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Josephine Kamtai Dermawan, Erika Doxtader, Deborah J Chute, Maria Luisa Policarpio-Nicolas
Adult extracardiac rhabdomyomas are rare benign mesenchymal tumor arising from skeletal muscle. While they are often located in the larynx and pharynx, the incidence in the parapharyngeal area is extremely rare with only 1 documented cytology case report to date. We report a case of an adult extracardiac rhabdomyoma in the parapharyngeal space diagnosed cytologically with subsequent histologic confirmation. The patient is a 57-year-old man with history of weight loss, hematuria, dysphagia, and airway encroachment...
November 12, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130997/non-diabetic-kidney-disease-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-prevalence-clinical-predictors-and-outcomes
#12
Siyar Erdogmus, Saba Kiremitci, Zeynep Kendi Celebi, Serkan Akturk, Neval Duman, Kenan Ates, Sehsuvar Erturk, Gokhan Nergizoglu, Sim Kutlay, Sule Sengul, Arzu Ensari, Kenan Keven
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is one of the most frequent microvascular complications of diabetes and is the leading cause of end-stage kidney disease worldwide. In patients with diabetes, non-diabetic kidney disease (NDKD) can also occur. NDKD can be either alone or superimposed with the DKD. In this study, we aimed to investigate the utility of kidney biopsy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and the predictability of diagnosing DKD versus NDKD from clinical and laboratory data...
November 1, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129340/synchronous-colorectal-cancer-and-multiple-myeloma-with-chest-wall-involvement-is-this-a-coincidence
#13
Qiu-Li Li, Jin-An Ma, Hai-Peng Li, Ren-Bing Huang, Chun-Hong Hu, Xian-Ling Liu, Ya-Wen Gao, Gang-Hua Feng, Fang Wu
Multiple primary malignant neoplasms (MPMNs) are rare malignant neoplasms that simultaneously or successively occur in the same patient as 2 or more primary malignancies. Currently, an increasing number of cases are being reported. In general, MPMNs more commonly occur as 2 solid tumors or 2 hematological malignancies. Cases of MPMN that involve a solid tumor and a hematological malignancy are rare. Here, we report a case of synchronous colorectal cancer (CRC) and multiple myeloma (MM) with chest wall involvement...
September 25, 2017: Current Problems in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126395/contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-of-small-cell-carcinoma-in-urinary-bladder-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#14
Meixiang Zhang, Chengcheng Niu, Ming Zhang, Qinghai Peng, Minzhi Ouyang
BACKGROUND: Small cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder (SCCB) is a relatively rare malignant bladder tumor, and few reports have investigated the microvasculature of SCCB imaged using contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). CASE PRESENTATION: A 63-year-old female was admitted to our hospital after experiencing painless gross hematuria for one week. The gray-scale ultrasound (US) demonstrated a 4.8 × 3.4 × 3.6-cm(3) hypoechoic mass in the apex of the urinary bladder with a wide base and an irregular surface; the mass did not move with changes in body position...
November 10, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124347/the-effect-of-onabotulinumtoxina-according-to-site-of-injection-in-patients-with-overactive-bladder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Jung Ki Jo, Kyu Nam Kim, Dong Won Kim, Yong Tae Kim, Ji Yoon Kim, Ji Yeon Kim
PURPOSE: This study assessed the efficacy and safety of onabotulinumtoxinA according to injection site for treatment of overactive bladder. METHODS: A systematic literature review located randomized controlled trials of onabotulinumtoxinA treatment for neurogenic detrusor overactive bladder and idiopathic overactive bladder in adults. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register using the Ovid platform. Meta-analysis was based on Cochrane Review Methods...
November 9, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118544/the-rarest-phenomenon-of-flexible-ureterolithotripsy-kidney-stone-in-supernumerary-type-combination-with-a-horseshoe-kidney
#16
Musab Ilgi, Cemil Kutsal, Cumhur Yesildal, Ayhan Dalkilinc, Sinan Levent Kirecci
The horseshoe kidney (HSK) is common and supernumerary kidney is the rarest developmental anomaly of the urogenital system. The supernumerary kidney in a HSK conjunction is extremely rare, and prevalence of it is unknown. A review of literature, there have been a few case reports about the supernumerary and HSK combination, however, none of which also had a concomitant kidney stone and obstructive pathology. Our case indicated that patient referred to flank pain and visible hematuria to our clinic, and further investigations demonstrate supernumerary kidney in a horseshoe configuration and kidney stone...
October 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114042/deletion-variants-of-cfhr1-and-cfhr3-associate-with-mesangial-immune-deposits-but-not-with-progression-of-iga-nephropathy
#17
Perrine Jullien, Blandine Laurent, Guillaume Claisse, Ingrid Masson, Miriana Dinic, Damien Thibaudin, Francois Berthoux, Eric Alamartine, Christophe Mariat, Nicolas Maillard
Activation of complement through the alternative pathway has a key role in the pathogenesis of IgA nephropathy (IgAN). Large, international, genome-wide association studies have shown that deletion of complement factor H-related genes 1 and 3 (CFHR3,1Δ) is associated with a reduced risk of developing IgAN, although the prognostic value of these deletions in IgAN remains unknown. Here, we compared the renal outcomes of patients with IgAN according to their CFHR3,1Δ genotype. This retrospective, monocentric cohort study included 639 white patients with biopsy-proven IgAN since 1979 (mean age at diagnosis, 40...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106367/telephone-consultations-in-urology-who-when-where-and-why
#18
Anne-Sophie Blais, Joanie Pelletier, Katherine Moore
INTRODUCTION: Telephone consultations are part of a strategy to allow access to medical expertise. Telephone consultations have been fee-for-services benefits in the province of Quebec since 2012.(1) Recent studies have shown that adequate communication is one of the most common means to prevent disability and death.(2) We sought to determine the characteristics of phone consultations made to a tertiary centre's urologists and to characterize their experience. METHODS: We performed a prospective study using all billing receipts filed by 15 academic urologists for phone consultations received during a 10-month period...
November 1, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102424/lower-tract-neoplasm-update-of-imaging-evaluation
#19
REVIEW
Robert Hartman, Akira Kawashima
Cancers of the lower urinary tract can arise from the bladder, urachus or urethra. Urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB) is the most common of these. The presentation of bladder, urachal and urethral cancers can differ but many result in hematuria as an initial indication. The diagnosis and staging of these cancers often necessitate radiologic imaging often in the form of cross-section CT urography or MR urography. The following article reviews the specific nature of lower tract cancers and their imaging...
November 1, 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097267/spontaneous-neonatal-renal-vein-thromboses-should-we-treat-them-all-a-report-of-five-cases-and-a-literature-review
#20
François Niada, René Tabin, Simon Kayemba-Kay's
Renal vein thrombosis (RVT) is a rare but well-known neonatal entity for which several therapeutic modalities are reported in the literature because of the lack of consensus management guidelines. POPULATION AND METHODS: A retrospective study of the medical records of children managed between January 1990 and December 2013, and whose final diagnosis was RVT. The diagnosis was initially clinical and subsequently confirmed by the abdominal ultrasonography (AUS) and Doppler imaging if necessary...
October 9, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
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