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Heart failure and ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664116/usefulness-of-inferior-vena-cava-ultrasonography-in-outpatients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#1
Jose Curbelo, Maria Aguilera, Pablo Rodriguez-Cortes, Paloma Gil-Martinez, Carmen Suarez Fernandez
BACKGROUND: Inferior vena cava (IVC) ultrasonography has been used for the diagnosis and prognosis of acute heart failure (HF). Its usefulness in chronic HF is less known. HYPOTHESIS: IVC ultrasonography is a useful tool in the care of patients with chronic HF. METHODS: For this prospective cohort study, 95 patients with chronic HF were included consecutively as they attended scheduled medical visits. Ultrasound was done with a 5-MHz convex probe device, calculating IVC collapse index (IVCCI)...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652681/direct-ultrasound-of-the-pulmonary-artery-helps-diagnose-a-rare-cause-of-right-ventricular-failure-after-heart-transplantation-a-case-report
#2
John S McNeil, Si M Pham, Julie L Huffmyer
Pulmonary artery anastomosis stenosis is a rare cause of right ventricular failure after orthotopic heart transplantation. In this case report, direct ultrasound of the pulmonary artery helped diagnose stenosis at a location not visible on transesophageal echocardiography or even with standard epicardial ultrasound views. It is important to evaluate all vascular anastomoses after heart or lung transplantation because surgical revision of these lesions is facile, but if left undiagnosed, significant morbidity or mortality is likely...
April 15, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628300/long-term-outcomes-of-selective-renal-artery-embolization-for-renal-arteriovenous-fistulae-with-dilated-venous-sac
#3
Yasushi Kimura, Keigo Osuga, Yusuke Ono, Tetsuro Nakazawa, Hiroki Higashihara, Noriyuki Tomiyama
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the role of selective renal artery embolization for renal arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) with dilated venous sac. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2002 and 2015, 14 patients (7 men and 7 women; mean age, 60 years) with a single renal AVF with dilated venous sac underwent selective renal artery embolization. Three patients presented with gross hematuria, 4 presented with occult blood in urine, and 1 presented with chronic heart failure...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619917/emergency-department-ultrasound-for-the-detection-of-b-lines-in-the-early-diagnosis-of-acute-decompensated-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Kyle McGivery, Paul Atkinson, David Lewis, Luke Taylor, Tim Harris, Kathleen Gadd, Jacqueline Fraser, George Stoica
CLINICIAN'S CAPSULE What is known about the topic? Current diagnostic tools for heart failure in the emergency department (ED) have limited accuracy and often lead to delays in management. What did this study ask? What is the accuracy of early bedside lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of acute decompensated heart failure? What did this study find? This meta-analysis found that the sensitivity and specificity of bedside lung US in ADHF is 82.5% and 83.6%, respectively. Why does this study matter to clinicians? The implementation of early bedside lung US in the ED may lead to more accurate and timely diagnoses of ADHF...
April 5, 2018: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619581/approach-to-undifferentiated-dyspnea-in-emergency-department-aids-in-rapid-clinical-decision-making
#5
Siva Nageswara Rao Guttikonda, Kiran Vadapalli
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis and management of patients presenting with acute dyspnea is one of the major challenges for physicians in emergency department (ED). A correct diagnosis is frequently delayed and difficult to ascertain, and clinical uncertainty is common, explaining the need for rapid diagnosis and a management plan. The primary aim of our study is to assess a diagnostic strategy using multiorgan point of care ultrasonography (USG) to differentiate patients presenting with acute dyspnea to ED into different diagnostic categories for timely management in a resource-limited setting...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607054/non-alcoholic-steatofibrosis-nasf-can-independently-predict-mortality-in-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld
#6
Pegah Golabi, Maria Stepanova, Huong T Pham, Rebecca Cable, Nila Rafiq, Haley Bush, Trevor Gogoll, Zobair M Younossi
Background: Hepatic fibrosis in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) independently predicts mortality. Given liver biopsy's invasive nature, non-invasive method to assess hepatic steatosis and fibrosis provides NAFLD risk stratification algorithm in clinical practice. NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS) is simple and non-invasive predictive model recommended by American Association for the Study of Liver Disease (AASLD) Guideline to identify patients with NAFLD with fibrosis risk...
2018: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603862/intraoperative-hypoxia-secondary-to-pneumothorax-the-role-of-lung-ultrasound
#7
Cristian Mirabile, Sophie Malekzadeh-Milani, Tran Quang Vinh, Ayman Haydar
Intraoperative pneumothorax during general anesthesia is a dangerous event. It is a possible cause of sudden intraoperative hypoxia, which can be critical especially in high-risk patients such as those with end-stage heart failure. Early diagnosis and effective treatment are essential. We describe the case of a pneumothorax during cardiac transplantation, diagnosed by ultrasound and immediately treated. A good skill in lung ultrasound is advantageous in the management of intraoperative hypoxia, particularly for prompt diagnosis of pneumothorax...
March 30, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602472/local-anesthesia-for-percutaneous-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-is-associated-with-fewer-pulmonary-complications
#8
Kathryn Van Orden, Alik Farber, Marc L Schermerhorn, Philip P Goodney, Jeffrey A Kalish, Douglas W Jones, Denis Rybin, Jeffrey J Siracuse
OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) can be performed with general anesthesia (GA) or local anesthesia (LA). Our goal was to assess perioperative outcomes comparing anesthesia type in percutaneous EVAR. METHODS: The Vascular Quality Initiative database was queried for all exclusively percutaneous EVAR procedures. Univariable analysis was used to compare which patients were offered LA. Multivariable analysis was used to determine the independent effect of anesthesia type...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600555/right-atrial-structure-and-function-in-patients-with-hypertension-and-with-chronic-heart-failure
#9
Moritz Proplesch, Allison A Merz, Brian L Claggett, Eldrin F Lewis, Kristin H Dwyer, Daniela R Crousillat, Emily S Lau, Montane B Silverman, Julie Peck, Jose Rivero, Susan Cheng, Elke Platz
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have shown that both heart failure (HF) and atrial fibrillation (AF) are factors that impact left atrial function and structure. However, right atrial (RA) function measured as RA emptying fraction (RAEF) on echocardiography has not been analyzed systematically in a chronic HF population. The aim of this study was to assess RA volume index (RAVI) and RAEF in patients with chronic HF and patients with hypertension (HTN) and to relate these findings to other cardiopulmonary ultrasound parameters and 12-month outcomes...
March 30, 2018: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600543/speckle-tracking-analysis-in-intensive-care-unit-a-toy-or-a-tool
#10
REVIEW
Antonello D'Andrea, Juri Radmilovic, Donato Mele, Flavio D'Ascenzi, Eustachio Agricola, Andreina Carbone, Francesco Lo Iudice, Giuseppina Novo, Francesco Ancona, Francesca Maria Righini, Sergio Mondillo, Eduardo Bossone, Maurizio Galderisi
The use of conventional echocardiography in the intensive care unit (ICU) is today established to assess left and right ventricular systolic function, for preload determination and procedural guidance. Next step in ICU echocardiography could be the use of novel ultrasound techniques such as strain echocardiography to assist in the management of patients with acute coronary syndrome, heart failure, or pulmonary embolism. This review has gathered the available evidence supporting the incremental value of strain in the diagnostic workup of cardiac diseases treated in ICU...
March 30, 2018: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598962/sources-of-variability-in-the-detection-of-b-lines-using-lung-ultrasound
#11
Emanuele Pivetta, Federico Baldassa, Serena Masellis, Federica Bovaro, Enrico Lupia, Milena M Maule
Lung ultrasound (LUS) is a largely employed diagnostic tool but an operational protocol for implementation has never been proposed. The lack of standardization clearly introduces variability in LUS results. We enrolled adult patients presenting for acute dyspnea with a clinical suspect of etiology related to heart failure. We calculated agreement among four providers in assessing B-lines. We varied probes, depth, evaluation time and scanning areas and we estimated the importance of each factors on B-lines assessment...
March 26, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598865/pet-assessment-of-epicardial-intimal-disease-and-microvascular-dysfunction-in-cardiac-allograft-vasculopathy
#12
Sharon Chih, Aun Yeong Chong, Fernanda Erthal, Robert A deKemp, Ross A Davies, Ellamae Stadnick, Derek Y So, Christopher Overgaard, George Wells, Lisa M Mielniczuk, Rob S B Beanlands
BACKGROUND: Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is a leading cause of graft failure and death after heart transplantation. Absolute myocardial blood flow (MBF) quantification using rubidium 82 (Rb-82) positron emission tomography (PET) could enable evaluation of diagnostically challenging diffuse epicardial and microvascular disease in CAV. OBJECTIVES: The authors aimed to evaluate Rb-82 PET detection of CAV. METHODS: Consecutive transplant recipients undergoing coronary angiography were prospectively evaluated with PET, multivessel intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), and intracoronary hemodynamics...
April 3, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582318/clinical-mimics-an-emergency-medicine-focused-review-of-pneumonia-mimics
#13
REVIEW
Drew Alan Long, Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
Pneumonia is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in adults in the United States. While pneumonia classically presents with a fever, cough, and shortness of breath, the presentation can vary widely in adults. This review evaluates history and physical examination findings of pneumonia and several conditions that mimic pneumonia. Pneumonia is a potentially deadly disease. History and examination findings are variable in pneumonia, and many conditions mimic pneumonia. These conditions include pulmonary embolism, diffuse interstitial lung disease, endocarditis, vasculitis, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage, acute decompensated heart failure, tuberculosis, lung cancer, and acute respiratory distress syndrome...
March 26, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581760/a-new-and-safe-mode-of-ventilation-for-interventional-pulmonary-medicine-the-ease-of-nasal-superimposed-high-frequency-jet-ventilation
#14
Wolfgang Hohenforst-Schmidt, Paul Zarogoulidis, Haidong Huang, Yan-Gao Man, Stella Laskou, Charilaos Koulouris, Dimitris Giannakidis, Stylianos Mantalobas, Maria C Florou, Aikaterini Amaniti, Michael Steinheimer, Anil Sinha, Lutz Freitag, J Francis Turner, Robert Browning, Thomas Vogl, Andrei Roman, Naim Benhassen, Isaak Kesisoglou, Konstantinos Sapalidis
We use pulmonary interventional procedures for the diagnosis of pulmonary diseases either for benign or malignant lesions. Flexible bronchoscopy with or without radial endobronchial ultrasound, convex-probe endobronchial ultrasound and electromagnetic navigation are procedures performed in centers with experience in diagnostic pulmonary medicine. The method of sedation and ventilation is very important in order to avoid or handle with success complications. Proper respiration during pulmonary (or other interventional) procedures is a key factor...
2018: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564352/management-of-sequelae-of-kawasaki-disease-in-adults
#15
REVIEW
John B Gordon, Jane C Burns
Background: A growing population of young adults is presenting to cardiologists with late manifestations of Kawasaki disease (KD) that include cardiomyopathy, ischemia, and infarction. The management of these conditions differs in important ways from atherosclerotic heart disease, and yet there is little awareness in the adult cardiology community regarding the special challenges posed by the cardiovascular sequelae of KD. Methods: Observations were made on a population of 140 adult KD patients enrolled in the San Diego Adult KD Collaborative Study...
October 31, 2017: Global Cardiology Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550319/myocardial-stiffness-evaluation-using-noninvasive-shear-wave-imaging-in-healthy-and-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathic-adults
#16
Olivier Villemain, Mafalda Correia, Elie Mousseaux, Jérome Baranger, Samuel Zarka, Ilya Podetti, Gilles Soulat, Thibaud Damy, Albert Hagège, Mickael Tanter, Mathieu Pernot, Emmanuel Messas
OBJECTIVES: The goal of our study was to investigate the potential of myocardial shear wave imaging (SWI) to quantify the diastolic myocardial stiffness (MS) (kPa) noninvasively in adult healthy volunteers (HVs) and its physiological variation with age, and in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) populations with heart failure and preserved ejection function (HFpEF). BACKGROUND: MS is an important prognostic and diagnostic parameter of the diastolic function. MS is affected by physiological changes but also by pathological alterations of extracellular and cellular tissues...
March 9, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541615/three-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-benefits-and-limitations-of-integrating-myocardial-mechanics-with-three-dimensional-imaging
#17
REVIEW
Denisa Muraru, Alice Niero, Hugo Rodriguez-Zanella, Diana Cherata, Luigi Badano
Three-dimensional (3D) speckle-tracking echocardiography (3DSTE) is an advanced imaging technique designed for left ventricular (LV) myocardial deformation analysis based on 3D data sets. 3DSTE has the potential to overcome some of the intrinsic limitations of two-dimensional STE (2DSTE) in the assessment of complex LV myocardial mechanics, offering additional deformation parameters (such as area strain) and a comprehensive quantitation of LV geometry and function from a single 3D acquisition. Albeit being a relatively young technique still undergoing technological developments, several experimental studies and clinical investigations have already demonstrated the reliability and feasibility of 3DSTE, as well as several advantages of 3DSTE over 2DSTE...
February 2018: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541611/clinical-implications-of-organ-congestion-in-heart-failure-patients-as-assessed-by-ultrasonography
#18
REVIEW
Yoshihiro Seo, Tomofumi Nakatsukasa, Seika Sai, Tomoko Ishizu, Noriko Iida, Masayoshi Yamamoto, Tomoko Machino-Ohtsuka, Yasushi Kawakami, Akihiko Nogami, Kazutaka Aonuma
In the management of heart failure (HF), decongestion is critical for improving clinical outcomes in addition to patients' symptoms. Although physicians accept this theory, there are no established markers for the achievement of optimal decongestion status. Organ congestion, in particular liver and kidney congestion, has recently attracted substantial attention. Ultrasound methods have been introduced for assessing organ congestion, although this is merely a preliminary step. Here, we review the clinical implications of the assessment of organ congestion by ultrasound...
February 2018: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532155/combined-use-of-lung-ultrasound-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-and-echocardiography-for-outcome-prediction-in-patients-with-acute-hfref-and-hfpef
#19
Alberto Palazzuoli, Gaetano Ruocco, Matteo Beltrami, Ranuccio Nuti, John G Cleland
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasound (LUS) can be used to assess pulmonary congestion by imaging B-lines ('comets') for patients with acute heart failure (AHF). OBJECTIVES: Investigate relationship of B-lines, plasma concentrations of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), and echocardiographic left ventricular (LV) function measured at admission and discharge and their relationship to prognosis for AHF with preserved (HFpEF) or reduced (HFrEF) LV ejection fraction. METHODS: Patients with AHF had the above tests done at admission and discharge...
March 12, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525246/evaluation-and-management-of-aortic-stenosis-for-the-emergency-clinician-an-evidence-based-review-of-the-literature
#20
Michael Gottlieb, Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
INTRODUCTION: Aortic stenosis is a common condition among older adults that can be associated with dangerous outcomes, due to both the disease itself and its influence on other conditions. OBJECTIVE: This review provides an evidence-based summary of the current emergency department (ED) evaluation and management of aortic stenosis. DISCUSSION: Aortic stenosis refers to significant narrowing of the aortic valve and can be caused by calcific disease, congenital causes, or rheumatic valvular disease...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
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