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Heart failure and ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901585/abdominal-peripheral-nerve-block-as-the-only-anesthetic-technique-for-totally-extraperitoneal-endoscopic-inguinal-hernia-repair-two-case-reports
#1
Woojin Kwon, Seunguk Bang, Hyojung Soh, Won Jun Jeong, Sang Chul Lee, Byung Jo Choi
RATIONALE: Laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) inguinal hernia repair is a rapidly evolving, minimally invasive treatment modality for inguinal hernia. Compared with open hernia repair, this method requires a smaller incision, has cosmetic advantages, and facilitates rapid recovery and early return to daily activities because of less postoperative pain. Because general anesthesia is essential for TEP hernia repair, it cannot be performed on patients who have an increased risk of developing complications when placed under general anesthesia...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897276/focus-on-acute-heart-failure-prehospital-diagnosis-ultrasound-examination-and-monitoring-pathophysiology-diuretic-resistance
#2
Christiaan Jm Vrints
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887195/misconceptions-in-acute-heart-failure-diagnosis-and-management-in-the-emergency-department
#3
REVIEW
Brit Long, Alex Koyfman, Eric J Chin
INTRODUCTION: Acute heart failure (AHF) accounts for a significant number of emergency department (ED) visits, and the disease may present along a spectrum with a variety of syndromes. OBJECTIVE: This review evaluates several misconceptions concerning heart failure evaluation and management in the ED, followed by several pearls. DISCUSSION: AHF is a heterogeneous syndrome with a variety of presentations. Physicians often rely on natriuretic peptides, but the evidence behind their use is controversial, and these should not be used in isolation...
June 1, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886608/-prenatal-interventional-therapy-in-two-cases-with-critical-pulmonary-stenosis-or-pulmonary-atresia-with-intact-ventricular-septum
#4
C C Pang, W Pan, Z W Zhang, C B Zhou, Y F Li, X Zhang, F Z Han, Y X Sun, S Wang, J Zhuang
Objectives: Two cases who underwent fetal pulmonary valvuloplasty (FPV) for pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PA-IVS) or critical pulmonary stenosis with intact ventricular septum (CPS-IVS) successfully were reported. The aim of the report was to explore the criteria for case selection, the technical essentials of FPV, and the postpartum outcome of the fetus. Methods: One case with PA-IVS and the other with CPS-IVS were enrolled in September 2016 and February 2017 in Guangdong General Hospital, and both cases were diagnosed with severe right ventricular dysplasia and tricuspid regurgitation by fetal echocardiogram...
June 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871961/rapidly-involuting-congenital-haemangioma-of-the-liver
#5
Deirdre Lewis, Kevin Hachey, Shannon Fitzgerald, Ruben Vaidya
Rapidly involuting congenital haemangiomas (RICHs) are rare benign vascular tumours of infancy. They are generally asymptomatic, but can present with thrombocytopaenia and coagulopathy. Significant complications including life-threatening bleeding, high-output heart failure and liver failure, though rare, can occur. RICHs generally regress by 12-14 months of age and can be managed clinically with symptomatic treatment, watchful waiting and close monitoring of the size of the haemangioma. Medical management (corticosteroids, propranolol) has not shown to be effective, in contrast to infantile haemangioma which will not regress spontaneously and has been noted to respond to medical therapy...
June 5, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869341/a-literature-review-of-systemic-to-pulmonary-collaterals-in-preterm-infants-to-emphasise-their-existence-and-clinical-importance
#6
REVIEW
Dimple Goel, Pankaj Gupta, Stephen Cooper, Jan Klimek
AIM: Cardiorespiratory physiology plays an important role in neonatal care with increasing utility of point of care ultrasound. This review is to bring to light the importance of systemic to pulmonary collaterals (SPCs) in the preterm population without congenital heart disease (CHD) and provide a useful diagnostic tool to the neonatologist performing a cardiac ultrasound. METHODS: Medline, PubMed, EMBASE, and the internet were searched up to November 2017 for papers in English which included SPCs in preterm infants without CHD...
June 5, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866523/right-ventricular-function-after-creation-of-atriovenous-fistula-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#7
Karim Said, Mohamed Hassan, Mahmoud Farouk, Essam Baligh, Bahaa Zayed
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is associated with increased risk of heart failure and mortality in end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Accumulating evidence suggests an association between atriovenous fistula (AVF) and RV dysfunction; however, there is no adequate data on the relation between AVF characteristics and risk of RV dysfunction after AVF creation. METHODS: The study included 30 ESRD patients (median age: 44years, 17 male) who had their first autogenous mature AVF...
April 18, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861222/osteopathic-manual-therapy-in-heart-failure-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Sergio R Thomaz, Felipe A Teixeira, Alexandra C G B de Lima, Gerson Cipriano JĂșnior, Magno F Formiga, Lawrence Patrick Cahalin
BACKGROUND: Heart Failure (HF) patients usually present with increased arterial resistance and reduced blood pressure (BP) leading to an impaired functional capacity. Osteopathic Manual Therapy (OMT) focused on myofascial release techniques (MRT) and in the balancing of diaphragmatic tensions, has been shown to improve blood flow in individuals using the resistive index (RI). However, its effects in HF patients have not been examined. PURPOSE: To evaluate the acute response of selected osteopathic techniques on RI, heart rate (HR), and BP in patients with HF...
April 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797105/feasibility-study-of-advanced-focused-cardiac-measurements-within-the-emergency-department
#9
Joe Betcher, Al Majkrzak, Jim Cranford, Ross Kessler, Nik Theyyunni, Rob Huang
BACKGROUND: This study aims to compare the increased time needed to perform advanced focused cardiac measurements in the emergency department, including diastolic heart failure evaluation via E/E', and cardiac output with LVOT/VTI. Patients with pertinent cardiopulmonary symptoms in the emergency department had a focused cardiac ultrasound performed by the emergency department ultrasound team. The ability to obtain basic cardiac windows, evaluate for effusion, systolic ejection fraction, and right-sided heart pressures were recorded...
May 25, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772331/surgical-treatment-of-a-high-flow-femoro-femoral-arteriovenous-fistula-in-an-intravenous-drug-abuser
#10
Pietro Rossetti, Paolo Perini, Alessandro Ucci, Gaetano Carolla, Antonio Freyrie, Roberto Quintavalla
OBJECTIVE: To report the surgical treatment of a high-flow femoro-femoral arteriovenous fistula (AVF), a rare complication of intravenous drug abuse. CASE REPORT: A 36-year-old woman with history of intravenous heroin and cocaine abuse presented with right lower limb oedema, inguinal bruit and heart failure. Duplex ultrasound examination and CT-angiography showed a large, high-flow AVF involving the common femoral vein and the superficial femoral artery, associated with thrombosis of the great saphenous vein and an important inflammation in the right groin, without active bleeding...
May 14, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761678/ultrasound-of-jugular-veins-for-assessment-of-acute-dyspnea-in-emergency-departments-and-for-the-assessment-of-acute-heart-failure
#11
Batsheva Tzadok, Shay Shapira, Eran Tal-Or
BACKGROUND: When a patient arrives at the emergency department (ED) presenting with symptoms of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF), it is possible to reach a definitive diagnosis through many different venues, including medical history, physical examination, echocardiography, chest X-ray, and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels. Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has become a mainstream tool for diagnosis and treatment in the field of emergency medicine, as well as in various other departments in the hospital setting...
May 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759779/16-years-of-cardiac-resynchronization-pacing-among-congenital-heart-disease-patients-direct-contractility-dp-dt-max-screening-when-the-guidelines-do-not-apply
#12
Peter P Karpawich, Neha Bansal, Sharmeen Samuel, Yamuna Sanil, Kathleen Zelin
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to use direct cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT)-paced contractility (dP/dt-max) response as a pre-implantation evaluation among patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) and follow clinical parameters and contractility indexes after CRT implantation. BACKGROUND: Patients with CHD often develop early heart failure with few therapeutic options, leading to heart transplantation (HT). Unfortunately, guidelines for CRT do not apply, and function evaluations by cardiac ultrasound are often inaccurate among CHD anatomies...
August 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719295/serum-exosomal-mir-92b-5p-as-a-potential-biomarker-for-acute-heart-failure-caused-by-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#13
Tao Wu, Yichen Chen, Yantao Du, Jin Tao, Zhong Zhou, Zhuo Yang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) can be used as biomarkers for cardiovascular diseases, especially for heart failure. However, there are few reports on serum exosomal miRNA biomarkers in patients with acute heart failure (AHF) due to Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). METHODS: We analyzed 3 different serum exosomal miRNAs (exo-miR-92b-5p, exo-miR-192-5p, and exo-miR-320a) in 43 patients with DCM-AHF and 34 healthy volunteers as a control group (CG) by using exosome separation followed by a quantitative reverse-transcript PCR assay...
2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718851/ultrasound-b-lines-in-the-evaluation-of-interstitial-lung-disease-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis-cut-off-point-definition-for-the-presence-of-significant-pulmonary-fibrosis
#14
Marika Tardella, Marco Di Carlo, Marina Carotti, Emilio Filippucci, Walter Grassi, Fausto Salaffi
The aim of this study was to establish the cut-off point of ultrasound (US) B-lines number for detecting the presence of significant interstitial lung disease (ILD) in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) (SSc-ILD) in relation to high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) findings.Consecutive SSc-ILD patients underwent chest HRCT, lung US (LUS), pulmonary function test, and clinical assessment. Exclusion criteria were represented by the presence of a coexisting congestive heart failure and a clinical history suggestive of lung or pleural diseases...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706899/development-of-the-human-placenta-and-fetal-heart-synergic-or-independent
#15
REVIEW
Graham J Burton, Eric Jauniaux
The placenta is the largest fetal organ, and toward the end of pregnancy the umbilical circulation receives at least 40% of the biventricular cardiac output. It is not surprising, therefore, that there are likely to be close haemodynamic links between the development of the placenta and the fetal heart. Development of the placenta is precocious, and in advance of that of the fetus. The placenta undergoes considerable remodeling at the end of the first trimester of pregnancy, and its vasculature is capable of adapting to environmental conditions and to variations in the blood supply received from the mother...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685638/a-human-centered-approach-to-cv-care-infrastructure-development-in-uganda
#16
Christopher T Longenecker, Ankur Kalra, Emmy Okello, Peter Lwabi, John O Omagino, Cissy Kityo, Moses R Kamya, Allison R Webel, Daniel I Simon, Robert A Salata, Marco A Costa
In this case study, we describe an ongoing approach to develop sustainable acute and chronic cardiovascular care infrastructure in Uganda that involves patient and provider participation. Leveraging strong infrastructure for HIV/AIDS care delivery, University Hospitals Harrington Heart and Vascular Institute and Case Western Reserve University have partnered with U.S. and Ugandan collaborators to improve cardiovascular capabilities. The collaboration has solicited innovative solutions from patients and providers focusing on education and advanced training, penicillin supply, diagnostic strategy (e...
April 20, 2018: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682535/the-role-of-mirna-132-against-apoptosis-and-oxidative-stress-in-heart-failure
#17
Xuelei Liu, Zhou Tong, Keyan Chen, Xiaofang Hu, Hongxu Jin, Mingxiao Hou
Objective: To explore the effect of microRNA-132 of heart failure and provide theoretical guidance for clinical treatment of heart failure (HF). Methods: Peripheral blood was collected from HF patients. RT-qPCR was used to determine microRNA-132 expression. Mouse models of heart failure were established. Color Doppler ultrasound was utilized to measure the changes of cardiac function. HE and Masson staining were applied to observe pathological changes of the myocardium...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664116/usefulness-of-inferior-vena-cava-ultrasonography-in-outpatients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#18
Jose Curbelo, Maria Aguilera, Pablo Rodriguez-Cortes, Paloma Gil-Martinez, Carmen Suarez Fernandez
BACKGROUND: Inferior vena cava (IVC) ultrasonography has been used for the diagnosis and prognosis of acute heart failure (HF). Its usefulness in chronic HF is less known. HYPOTHESIS: IVC ultrasonography is a useful tool in the care of patients with chronic HF. METHODS: For this prospective cohort study, 95 patients with chronic HF were included consecutively as they attended scheduled medical visits. Ultrasound was done with a 5-MHz convex probe device, calculating IVC collapse index (IVCCI)...
April 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652681/direct-ultrasound-of-the-pulmonary-artery-helps-diagnose-a-rare-cause-of-right-ventricular-failure-after-heart-transplantation-a-case-report
#19
John S McNeil, Si M Pham, Julie L Huffmyer
Pulmonary artery anastomosis stenosis is a rare cause of right ventricular failure after orthotopic heart transplantation. In this case report, direct ultrasound of the pulmonary artery helped diagnose stenosis at a location not visible on transesophageal echocardiography or even with standard epicardial ultrasound views. It is important to evaluate all vascular anastomoses after heart or lung transplantation because surgical revision of these lesions is facile, but if left undiagnosed, significant morbidity or mortality is likely...
April 15, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628300/long-term-outcomes-of-selective-renal-artery-embolization-for-renal-arteriovenous-fistulae-with-dilated-venous-sac
#20
Yasushi Kimura, Keigo Osuga, Yusuke Ono, Tetsuro Nakazawa, Hiroki Higashihara, Noriyuki Tomiyama
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the role of selective renal artery embolization for renal arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) with dilated venous sac. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2002 and 2015, 14 patients (7 men and 7 women; mean age, 60 years) with a single renal AVF with dilated venous sac underwent selective renal artery embolization. Three patients presented with gross hematuria, 4 presented with occult blood in urine, and 1 presented with chronic heart failure...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
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