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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545258/marker-assisted-molecular-profiling-deletion-mutant-analysis-and-rna-seq-reveal-a-disease-resistance-cluster-associated-with-uromyces-appendiculatus-infection-in-common-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris-l
#1
Antonette R Todd, Nicole Donofrio, Venkateswara R Sripathi, Phillip E McClean, Rian K Lee, Marcial Pastor-Corrales, Venu Kal Kalavacharla
Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is an important legume, useful for its high protein and dietary fiber. The fungal pathogen Uromyces appendiculatus (Pers.) Unger can cause major loss in susceptible varieties of the common bean. The Ur-3 locus provides race specific resistance to virulent strains or races of the bean rust pathogen along with Crg, (Complements resistance gene), which is required for Ur-3-mediated rust resistance. In this study, we inoculated two common bean genotypes (resistant "Sierra" and susceptible crg) with rust race 53 of U...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545131/major-changes-in-microbial-diversity-and-community-composition-across-gut-sections-of-a-juvenile-panchlora-cockroach
#2
Erin A Gontang, Frank O Aylward, Camila Carlos, Tijana Glavina Del Rio, Mansi Chovatia, Alison Fern, Chien-Chi Lo, Stephanie A Malfatti, Susannah G Tringe, Cameron R Currie, Roberto Kolter
Investigations of gut microbiomes have shed light on the diversity and genetic content of these communities, and helped shape our understanding of how host-associated microorganisms influence host physiology, behavior, and health. Despite the importance of gut microbes to metazoans, our understanding of the changes in diversity and composition across the alimentary tract, and the source of the resident community are limited. Here, using community metagenomics and 16S rRNA gene sequencing, we assess microbial community diversity and coding potential in the foregut, midgut, and hindgut of a juvenile Panchlora cockroach, which resides in the refuse piles of the leaf-cutter ant species Atta colombica...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542615/taking-dietary-habits-into-account-a-computational-method-for-modeling-food-choices-that-goes-beyond-price
#3
Rahmatollah Beheshti, Jessica C Jones-Smith, Takeru Igusa
Computational models have gained popularity as a predictive tool for assessing proposed policy changes affecting dietary choice. Specifically, they have been used for modeling dietary changes in response to economic interventions, such as price and income changes. Herein, we present a novel addition to this type of model by incorporating habitual behaviors that drive individuals to maintain or conform to prior eating patterns. We examine our method in a simulated case study of food choice behaviors of low-income adults in the US...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538577/in-depth-review-of-symptoms-triggers-and-treatment-of-occipital-migraine-headaches-site-iv
#4
Mona Ascha, David E Kurlander, Abdus Sattar, James Gatherwright, Bahman Guyuron
BACKGROUND: This study reports the surgical technique and efficacy of deactivation of occipital-triggered migraine headaches. In addition, it reports the effect of surgical deactivation of occipital-triggered migraine headaches on migraine triggers and associated symptoms other than pain. METHODS: One hundred ninety-five patients undergoing surgery for occipital-triggered migraine headaches performed by a single surgeon, and followed for at least 1 year, were analyzed...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537330/-eating-together-is-associated-with-food-behaviors-and-demographic-factors-of-older-japanese-people-who-live-alone
#5
M Ishikawa, Y Takemi, T Yokoyama, K Kusama, Y Fukuda, T Nakaya, M Nozue, N Yoshiike, K Yoshiba, F Hayashi, N Murayama
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the relationships between eating together and subjective health, frailty, food behaviors, food accessibility, food production, meal preparation, alcohol intake, socioeconomic factors and geography among older Japanese people who live alone. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, multilevel survey was designed. The questionnaire was distributed by post and self-completed by participants. SETTING: The sample was drawn from seven towns and cities across Japan...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536476/a-chemometrics-driven-strategy-for-the-bioactivity-evaluation-of-complex-multicomponent-systems-and-the-effective-selection-of-bioactivity-predictive-chemical-combinations
#6
Yoshinori Fujimura, Chihiro Kawano, Ayaka Maeda-Murayama, Asako Nakamura, Akiko Koike-Miki, Daichi Yukihira, Eisuke Hayakawa, Takanori Ishii, Hirofumi Tachibana, Hiroyuki Wariishi, Daisuke Miura
Although understanding their chemical composition is vital for accurately predicting the bioactivity of multicomponent drugs, nutraceuticals, and foods, no analytical approach exists to easily predict the bioactivity of multicomponent systems from complex behaviors of multiple coexisting factors. We herein represent a metabolic profiling (MP) strategy for evaluating bioactivity in systems containing various small molecules. Composition profiles of diverse bioactive herbal samples from 21 green tea extract (GTE) panels were obtained by a high-throughput, non-targeted analytical procedure...
May 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535111/relative-validity-and-reproducibility-of-an-interviewer-administered-14-item-ffq-to-estimate-flavonoid-intake-among-older-adults-with-mild-moderate-dementia
#7
Katherine Kent, Karen Charlton
There is a large burden on researchers and participants when attempting to accurately measure dietary flavonoid intake using dietary assessment. Minimizing participant and researcher burden when collecting dietary data may improve the validity of the results, especially in older adults with cognitive impairment. A short 14-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to measure flavonoid intake, and flavonoid subclasses (anthocyanins, flavan-3-ols, flavones, flavonols, and flavanones) was developed and assessed for validity and reproducibility against a 24-hour recall...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533895/effects-of-nitrogen-and-tiller-type-on-grain-yield-and-physiological-responses-in-rice
#8
Yang Wang, Jianwei Lu, Tao Ren, Saddam Hussain, Chen Guo, Sen Wang, Rihuan Cong, Xiaokun Li
The increasing food demands from an expanding population necessitate global efforts to increase crop production and ensure food security. The rate of nitrogen (N) fertilizer application is strongly related to crop yield. However, although the application of N fertilizer significantly increases the number of tillers in rice, late emerging tillers usually produce lower yields compared with early emerging tillers. Understanding the physiological constraints of late emerging rice tillers is critical for further increasing rice grain yields...
March 2017: AoB Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532659/two-year-healthy-eating-outcomes-an-rct-in-afterschool-programs
#9
Michael W Beets, R Glenn Weaver, Gabrielle Turner-McGrievy, Jennifer Huberty, Justin B Moore, Dianne S Ward, Darcy A Freedman, Aaron Beighle
INTRODUCTION: Across the U.S., afterschool programs (ASPs, 3:00pm-6:00pm) are trying to achieve nationally endorsed nutrition standards (Healthy Eating Standards) calling for fruits/vegetables and water to be served every day, while eliminating sugar-sweetened beverages and foods. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the 2-year changes in the types of foods and beverages served during a community-based intervention designed to achieve the Healthy Eating Standards. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized delayed treatment trial with an immediate (1-year baseline and 2-year intervention) or delayed (2-year baseline and 1-year intervention) group...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531558/accumulation-translocation-and-conversion-of-six-arsenic-species-in-rice-plants-grown-near-a-mine-impacted-city
#10
Li Ma, Lin Wang, Yuyu Jia, Zhaoguang Yang
Paddy rice (Oryza sativa L.) as the staple food in China was found to be efficient in accumulating arsenic (As) due to cultivated in flooded paddy soil. Uptake and translocation of As in rice plant depended on the As species. In this work, rice plant samples including roots, straws and grains as well as rhizosphere soils were collected from paddy fields near Changsha, a mine impacted city in Southern China. The total As concentrations in the collected samples were observed in the descending order as root > soil > straw > grain...
May 17, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530588/capillary-electrophoresis-coupled-to-mass-spectrometry-employing-hexafluoro-2-propanol-for-the-determination-of-nucleosides-and-nucleotide-mono-di-and-tri-phosphates-in-baby-foods
#11
María Mateos-Vivas, Javier Domínguez-Álvarez, Encarnación Rodríguez-Gonzalo, Rita Carabias-Martínez
The present work describes a method for the simultaneous determination of unmodified nucleosides and nucleotide mono-, di- and tri-phosphates by capillary electrophoresis coupled to mass spectrometry (CE-MS). The use of hexafluoro-2-propanol (HFIP) in the separation medium, and as an additive to the sheath liquid of the electrospray interface (ESI), generated a highly efficient and sensitive method. Instrumental limits of detection in the range of 14-53ngmL(-1) for nucleosides and 7-23, 20-49 and 64-124ngmL(-1) for nucleotide mono-, di-, and tri-phosphates, respectively, were found...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528932/robot-assisted-gynaecological-cancer-surgery-complications-and-prevention
#12
REVIEW
Ka Yu Tse, Hextan Yuen Sheung Ngan, Peter Christopher Lim
Ever since the US Food and Drug Administration approval of the use of da Vinci surgical systems (Intuitive Surgical Inc., Sunnyvale, California) in gynaecology in 2005, robot-assisted surgery has been widely adopted in different countries. Some of the applications in benign and oncological gynaecology include myomectomy, sacrocolpopexy, tubal anastomosis, simple hysterectomy, radical hysterectomy, radical trachelectomy, pelvic and/or para-aortic lymphadenectomy and even debulking surgery for ovarian cancer and pelvic exenteration for recurrent cervical and vaginal cancer...
April 23, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508954/-perceived-risks-of-food-contaminants
#13
REVIEW
Severine Koch, Mark Lohmann, Astrid Epp, Gaby-Fleur Böl
BACKGROUND: Food contaminants can pose a serious health threat. In order to carry out adequate risk communication measures, the subjective risk perception of the public must be taken into account. In this context, the breadth of the topic and insufficient terminological delimitations from residues and food additives make an elaborate explanation of the topic to consumers indispensable. A representative population survey used language adequate for lay people and a clear definition of contaminants to measure risk perceptions with regard to food contaminants among the general public...
May 16, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506518/the-addition-of-peanuts-to-habitual-diets-is-associated-with-lower-consumption-of-savory-non-core-snacks-by-men-and-sweet-non-core-snacks-by-women
#14
Jayne A Barbour, Emilija Stojanovski, Lisa J Moran, Peter R C Howe, Alison M Coates
Snacking is associated with intakes of non-core foods which may predispose to obesity. Peanuts have potential satiety benefits and may assist with weight management; we hypothesized that peanut consumption would reduce intake of non-core snack foods due to compensation. We investigated the effects of adding peanuts to a habitual diet on snacking habits and energy intake. Sixty-one healthy participants (65±7years, body mass index 31±4kg/m(2)) consumed their habitual diet with or without peanuts (56g/d for 32 women, 84g/d for 29 men) for 12weeks each in a randomized crossover design...
April 20, 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503311/a-community-resource-for-exploring-and-utilizing-genetic-diversity-in-the-usda-pea-single-plant-plus-collection
#15
William L Holdsworth, Elodie Gazave, Peng Cheng, James R Myers, Michael A Gore, Clarice J Coyne, Rebecca J McGee, Michael Mazourek
Globally, pea (Pisum sativum L.) is an important temperate legume crop for food, feed and fodder, and many breeding programs develop cultivars adapted to these end-uses. In order to assist pea development efforts, we assembled the USDA Pea Single Plant Plus Collection (PSPPC), which contains 431 P. sativum accessions with morphological, geographic and taxonomic diversity. The collection was characterized genetically in order to maximize its value for trait mapping and genomics-assisted breeding. To that end, we used genotyping-by-sequencing-a cost-effective method for de novo single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) marker discovery-to generate 66 591 high-quality SNPs...
2017: Horticulture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503187/worker-reproduction-of-the-invasive-yellow-crazy-ant-anoplolepis-gracilipes
#16
Ching-Chen Lee, Hirotaka Nakao, Shu-Ping Tseng, Hung-Wei Hsu, Gwo-Li Lin, Jia-Wei Tay, Johan Billen, Fuminori Ito, Chow-Yang Lee, Chung-Chi Lin, Chin-Cheng Scotty Yang
BACKGROUND: Reproductive division of labor is one of the key features of social insects. Queens are adapted for reproduction while workers are adapted for foraging and colony maintenance. In many species, however, workers retain functional ovaries and can lay unfertilized male eggs or trophic eggs. Here we report for the first time on the occurrence of physogastric workers and apparent worker reproduction in the invasive yellow crazy ant Anoplolepis gracilipes (Fr. Smith). We further examined the reproductive potential and nutritional role of physogastric workers through multidisciplinary approaches including morphological characterization, laboratory manipulation, genetic analysis and behavioral observation...
2017: Frontiers in Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500980/serum-metabolomics-reveals-the-mechanistic-role-of-functional-foods-and-exercise-for-obesity-management-in-rats
#17
Naglaa M Ammar, Mohamed A Farag, Tahani E Kholeif, Nadia S Metwally, Nora M El-Sheikh, Abdel Nasser El Gendy, Abdel-Hamid Z Abdel-Hamid
Obesity is one of the independent risk factors for several health problems, leading to metabolic perturbations and for which analytical approaches i.e., "metabolomics" is needed to monitor the underlying metabolic changes. In this study, obesity associated changes were assessed via serum metabolites analysis of obese rats fed on high fat diet. Obese rats were subsequently treated with different functional foods used for obesity management including pomegranate, grapefruit, and red cabbage in parallel to swimming exercise...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500017/tablet-based-well-being-check-for-the-elderly-development-and-evaluation-of-usability-and-acceptability
#18
Pradeep Ray, Junhua Li, Arni Ariani, Vasvi Kapadia
BACKGROUND: Many elderly people prefer to live at home independently. One of the major concerns raised by the family members is the safety and well-being of their elderly family members when living independently in a home environment. To address this issue, assistive technology solutions have been available in the market. Despite their availability and proliferation, these types of solutions are not popular with the elderly due to their intrusive nature, privacy-related issues, social stigma, and fear of losing human interaction...
May 12, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499433/servar-an-augmented-reality-tool-to-guide-the-serving-of-food
#19
Megan E Rollo, Tamara Bucher, Shamus P Smith, Clare E Collins
BACKGROUND: Accurate estimation of food portion size is a difficult task. Visual cues are important mediators of portion size and therefore technology-based aids may assist consumers when serving and estimating food portions. The current study evaluated the usability and impact on estimation error of standard food servings of a novel augmented reality food serving aid, ServAR. METHODS: Participants were randomised into one of three groups: 1) no information/aid (control); 2) verbal information on standard serving sizes; or 3) ServAR, an aid which overlayed virtual food servings over a plate using a tablet computer...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495065/the-miniaturized-pediatric-continuous-flow-device-preclinical-assessment-in-the-chronic-sheep-model
#20
Iki Adachi, Sarah Burki, David Horne, Gil G Costas, Taylor Spangler, Robert Jarvik, John Teal, J Timothy Baldwin, Kurt Dasse, M Patricia Massicotte, Jeff Conger, William E Cohn, Charles D Fraser
BACKGROUND: The Infant Jarvik 2015 is an implantable axial-flow ventricular assist device (VAD) that has undergone the major evolutionary design modifications to improve hemocompatibility. This study was conducted in anticipation of data submission to the US Food and Drug Administration to obtain Investigational Device Exemption approval. METHODS: The VAD was implanted via a left thoracotomy in Barbado sheep (n = 10, 26 (19-34] kg). Anticoagulation was maintained with coumadin, with a target international normalized ratio of greater than the individual sheep's baseline values...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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