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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212329/enzyme-assisted-discovery-of-antioxidant-peptides-from-edible-marine-invertebrates-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Tsun-Thai Chai, Yew-Chye Law, Fai-Chu Wong, Se-Kwon Kim
Marine invertebrates, such as oysters, mussels, clams, scallop, jellyfishes, squids, prawns, sea cucumbers and sea squirts, are consumed as foods. These edible marine invertebrates are sources of potent bioactive peptides. The last two decades have seen a surge of interest in the discovery of antioxidant peptides from edible marine invertebrates. Enzymatic hydrolysis is an efficient strategy commonly used for releasing antioxidant peptides from food proteins. A growing number of antioxidant peptide sequences have been identified from the enzymatic hydrolysates of edible marine invertebrates...
February 16, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203188/endoscope-assisted-and-controlled-argus-ii-epiretinal-prosthesis-implantation-in-late-stage-retinitis-pigmentosa-a-report-of-2-cases
#2
Emin Özmert, Sibel Demirel
Several different approaches for restoring sight in subjects who are blind due to outer retinal degeneration are currently under investigation, including stem cell therapy, gene therapy, and visual prostheses. Although many different types of visual prostheses have shown promise, to date, the Argus II Epiretinal Prosthesis System, developed in a clinical setting over the course of 10 years, is the world's first and only retinal prosthesis that has been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and has been given the CE-Mark for sale within the European Economic Area (EEA)...
September 2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202100/low-income-adults-perceptions-of-farmers-markets-and-community-supported-agriculture-programmes
#3
Elizabeth W Cotter, Carla Teixeira, Annessa Bontrager, Kasharena Horton, Deyanira Soriano
OBJECTIVE: To better understand low-income adults' attitudes towards participating in farmers' markets, community-supported agriculture (CSA) and nutrition education programming. DESIGN: Focus groups were held with a diverse sample of adults. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed using thematic analysis. SETTING: Three affordable housing communities in Washington, DC, USA. SUBJECTS: Participants included twenty-eight residents of the three affordable housing communities...
February 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196475/nutrition-and-dementia-care-developing-an-evidence-based-model-for-nutritional-care-in-nursing-homes
#4
Jane L Murphy, Joanne Holmes, Cindy Brooks
BACKGROUND: There is a growing volume of research to offer improvements in nutritional care for people with dementia living in nursing homes. Whilst a number of interventions have been identified to support food and drink intake, there has been no systematic research to understand the factors for improving nutritional care from the perspectives of all those delivering care in nursing homes. The aim of this study was to develop a research informed model for understanding the complex nutritional problems associated with eating and drinking for people with dementia...
February 14, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194259/anti-inflammatory-activity-of-a-sulfated-polysaccharide-isolated-from-an-enzymatic-digest-of-brown-seaweed-sargassum-horneri-in-raw-264-7-cells
#5
Kalu Kapuge Asanka Sanjeewa, Ilekkuttige Priyan Shanura Fernando, Eun-A Kim, Ginnae Ahn, Youngheun Jee, You-Jin Jeon
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Sargassum horneri is an edible brown alga that grows in the subtidal zone as an annual species along the coasts of South Korea, China, and Japan. Recently, an extreme amount of S. horneri moved into the coasts of Jeju Island from the east coast of China, which made huge economic and environmental loss to the Jeju Island. Thus, utilization of this biomass becomes a big issue with the local authorities. Therefore, the present study was performed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory potential of crude polysaccharides (CPs) extracted from S...
February 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192220/the-effect-of-real-time-vibrotactile-feedback-delivered-through-an-augmented-fork-on-eating-rate-satiation-and-food-intake
#6
Roel C J Hermans, Sander Hermsen, Eric Robinson, Suzanne Higgs, Monica Mars, Jeana H Frost
Eating rate is a basic determinant of appetite regulation, as people who eat more slowly feel sated earlier and eat less. Without assistance, eating rate is difficult to modify due to its automatic nature. In the current study, participants used an augmented fork that aimed to decelerate their rate of eating. A total of 114 participants were randomly assigned to the Feedback Condition (FC), in which they received vibrotactile feedback from their fork when eating too fast (i.e., taking more than one bite per 10 s), or a Non-Feedback Condition (NFC)...
February 10, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188864/food-shopping-sensory-determinants-of-food-choice-and-meal-preparation-by-visually-impaired-people-obstacles-and-expectations-in-daily-food-experiences
#7
Eliza Kostyra, Sylwia Żakowska-Biemans, Katarzyna Śniegocka, Anna Piotrowska
The number of visually impaired and blind people is rising worldwide due to ageing of the global population, but research regarding the impact of visual impairment on the ability of a person to choose food and to prepare meals is scarce. The aim of this study was threefold: to investigate factors determining the choices of food products in people with impaired vision; to identify obstacles visually impaired people face while purchasing food, preparing meals and eating out; and to determine what would help them in the areas of food shopping and meal preparation...
February 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187518/male-caffeine-and-alcohol-intake-in-relation-to-semen-parameters-and-in%C3%A2-vitro-fertilization-outcomes-among-fertility-patients
#8
A E Karmon, T L Toth, Y-H Chiu, A J Gaskins, C Tanrikut, D L Wright, R Hauser, J E Chavarro
Much of the literature on the impact of male caffeine and alcohol intake on reproductive outcomes has utilized semen quality as a proxy for male fertility, although semen parameters have a limited predictive value for spontaneous pregnancy. The objective of this study was to investigate whether male caffeine and alcohol intakes are associated with semen parameters and assisted reproductive technology outcome. The Environment and Reproductive Health Study, an ongoing prospective cohort study, enrolls subfertile couples presenting for treatment at an academic fertility center (2007-2012)...
February 10, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187216/the-lexicocalorimeter-gauging-public-health-through-caloric-input-and-output-on-social-media
#9
Sharon E Alajajian, Jake Ryland Williams, Andrew J Reagan, Stephen C Alajajian, Morgan R Frank, Lewis Mitchell, Jacob Lahne, Christopher M Danforth, Peter Sheridan Dodds
We propose and develop a Lexicocalorimeter: an online, interactive instrument for measuring the "caloric content" of social media and other large-scale texts. We do so by constructing extensive yet improvable tables of food and activity related phrases, and respectively assigning them with sourced estimates of caloric intake and expenditure. We show that for Twitter, our naive measures of "caloric input", "caloric output", and the ratio of these measures are all strong correlates with health and well-being measures for the contiguous United States...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186839/meeting-basic-needs-social-supports-and-services-provided-by-hospice
#10
Nathan A Boucher, Maragatha Kuchibhatla, Kimberly S Johnson
OBJECTIVE: Describe social goods and services for which hospices assist patients and families and the resources hospices use to do so. BACKGROUND: Basic social supports and services not routinely covered by insurers may be needed by terminally ill patients and their families. Little is known about hospices' provision of such social supports and services. METHODS: A 2014-2015 cross-sectional survey of hospices nationwide. Participating hospices had been in operation for at least 3 years and were located in any of the 50 states or District of Columbia...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181402/allethrin-toxicity-causes-reproductive-dysfunction-in-male-rats
#11
Golla Madhubabu, Suresh Yenugu
Pyrethroids are widely used for domestic and agricultural purposes and their use is increasing, especially in developing countries. Uncontrolled use of these insecticides resulted in their entry into the food chain thereby causing toxicity to different organ systems. Allethrin is one of the widely used pyrethroids, but its toxicological effects are underreported when compared to other pyrethroids. Further, its effects on the male reproductive tract remain uncharacterized. In this study, its toxicity on the male reproductive tract was evaluated by administering 25-150 mg/kg body weight allethrin to adult rats for 60 days...
February 9, 2017: Environmental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169159/barriers-to-a-healthy-lifestyle-post-gestational-diabetes-an-australian-qualitative-study
#12
Tehzeeb Zulfiqar, Fiona E Lithander, Cathy Banwell, Rosemary Young, Lynelle Boisseau, Martha Ingle, Christopher J Nolan
BACKGROUND: Overseas-born-women from certain ethnicities are at high risk of type-2 diabetes and related metabolic disorders. This study explored the barriers and facilitators to long-term healthy lifestyle recommendations among Australian-born and overseas-born-women who attended health promotion sessions at a tertiary Australian Hospital for gestational diabetes 3-4 years previously. METHOD: Face-to-face semi-structured interviews were conducted. Data were analyzed to identify major themes and the differing experiences of both groups of women...
February 3, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168706/flow-field-simulations-and-hemolysis-estimates-for-the-food-and-drug-administration-critical-path-initiative-centrifugal-blood-pump
#13
Margaret L Heck, Allen Yen, Trevor A Snyder, Edgar A O'Rear, Dimitrios V Papavassiliou
The design of blood pumps for use in ventricular assist devices, which provide life-saving circulatory support in patients with heart failure, require remarkable precision and attention to detail to replicate the functionality of the native heart. The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) initiated a Critical Path Initiative to standardize and facilitate the use of computational fluid dynamics in the study and development of these devices. As a part of the study, a simplified centrifugal blood pump model generated by computer-aided design was released to universities and laboratories nationwide...
February 7, 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166787/the-efficacy-of-protected-mealtimes-in-hospitalised-patients-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Judi Porter, Terry P Haines, Helen Truby
BACKGROUND: Protected Mealtimes is an intervention developed to address the problem of malnutrition in hospitalised patients through increasing positive interruptions (such as feeding assistance) whilst minimising unnecessary interruptions (including ward rounds and diagnostic procedures) during mealtimes. This clinical trial aimed to measure the effect of implementing Protected Mealtimes on the energy and protein intake of patients admitted to the subacute setting. METHODS: A prospective, stepped wedge cluster randomised controlled trial was undertaken across three hospital sites at one health network in Melbourne, Australia...
February 7, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158953/immigrant-women-s-food-choices-in-pregnancy-perspectives-from-women-of-chinese-origin-in-canada
#15
Gina Marie Awoko Higginbottom, Helen Valianatos, Janki Shankar, Jalal Safipour, Christina Davey
OBJECTIVE: Following migration, pregnant immigrant women may encounter social, cultural, and economic challenges that negatively affect their food choices and subsequent health outcomes. Culturally appropriate health care is crucial during the perinatal period to ensure the health of immigrant mothers and their children. This project aims to explore and understand how the health beliefs and practices of Chinese immigrant women affect their food choices during the perinatal period. DESIGN: This qualitative study used the methodology of focused ethnography...
February 3, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157461/multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-patients-views-of-interventions-to-reduce-treatment-loss-to-follow-up
#16
T Tupasi, A M C G Garfin, J M Mangan, R Orillaza-Chi, L C Naval, G I Balane, R Basilio, A Golubkov, E S Joson, W-J Lew, V Lofranco, M Mantala, S Pancho, J N Sarol, A Blumberg, D Burt, E V Kurbatova
SETTING: Patients who initiated treatment for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) at 15 Programmatic Management of Drug-resistant Tuberculosis (PMDT) health facilities in the Philippines between July and December 2012. OBJECTIVES: To describe patients' views of current interventions, and suggest changes likely to reduce MDR-TB loss to follow-up. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted between April and July 2014 with MDR-TB patients who were undergoing treatment, had finished treatment at the time of the interview (controls), or had been lost to follow-up (LTFU)...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155316/characteristics-of-street-children-in-cameroon-a-situational-analysis-of-demographic-socio-economic-and-behavioural-profiles-and-challenges
#17
Samuel N Cumber, Joyce M Tsoka-Gwegweni
INTRODUCTION: The issue of street children is one of the global social problems rising in low- and middle-income countries. These children are vulnerable, but because of a lack of sufficient information, it is very difficult for stakeholders to address their plight in Cameroon. AIM: To examine the situation and characteristics of street children in three Cameroonian cities. OBJECTIVES: To describe the demographic, socio-economic and behavioural profiles of street children...
November 18, 2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150741/antennal-transcriptomes-of-three-tortricid-moths-reveal-putative-conserved-chemosensory-receptors-for-social-and-habitat-olfactory-cues
#18
Francisco Gonzalez, Peter Witzgall, William B Walker
Insects use chemical signals to find mates, food and oviposition sites. The main chemoreceptor gene families comprise odorant receptors (ORs), ionotropic receptors (IRs) and gustatory receptors (GRs). Understanding the evolution of these receptors as well as their function will assist in advancing our knowledge of how chemical stimuli are perceived and may consequently lead to the development of new insect management strategies. Tortricid moths are important pests in horticulture, forestry and agriculture around the globe...
February 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147461/investigating-how-to-align-schools-marketing-environments-with-federal-standards-for-competitive-foods
#19
Michele Polacsek, Liam M O'Brien, Elizabeth Pratt, Janet Whatley-Blum, Sabrina Adler
BACKGROUND: Limiting food and beverage marketing to children is a promising approach to influence children's nutrition behavior. School-based marketing influences nutrition behavior and studies have consistently found marketing for nonnutritious foods and beverages in schools. No studies have examined the resources necessary to align school marketing environments with federal school nutrition standards. The purpose of this study was to determine how to improve school marketing environments so that they align with new federal competitive food nutrition standards...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146277/dietary-guidance-for-pulses-the-challenge-and-opportunity-to-be-part-of-both-the-vegetable-and-protein-food-groups
#20
Stefanie Havemeier, Jennifer Erickson, Joanne Slavin
Pulses are a dry, edible variety of beans, peas, and lentils that have been consumed for 10,000 years. Pulses are rich in plant-based protein and fiber, as well as micronutrients such as iron and potassium. The satiating effect of both fiber and protein assists in managing weight and combating obesity. The high fiber content and low glycemic index of pulses aid people with diabetes in maintaining blood glucose and insulin levels. Pulse consumption may improve serum lipid levels to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease...
February 1, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
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