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ros, bcl-6,bcl-2,

Martin Busch, Susanne Wasmuth, Georg Spital, Albrecht Lommatzsch, Daniel Pauleikhoff
BACKGROUND: Retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells undergo functional changes upon complement stimulation, which play a role in the pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). These effects are in part enhanced by pretreating ARPE-19 cells with UV-irradiated photoreceptor outer segments (UV-POS) in vitro. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of human complement serum (HCS) treatment on p44/42 mitogen-activated protein kinase (extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 [ERK1/2]) activation in ARPE-19 cells pretreated with UV-POS...
February 27, 2018: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
Ling-Zhi Ding, Xiao Teng, Zhao-Bo Zhang, Chang-Jun Zheng, Shi-Hong Chen
Mangiferin is a xanthone glucoside, which possesses antioxidant, antiviral, antitumor and anti-inflammatory functions, and is associated with gene regulation. However, it remains unknown whether mangiferin protects osteoblasts, such as the MC3T3-E1 cell line, against glucocorticoid-induced damage. In the present study, MC3T3-E1 cells were treated with dexamethasone (Dex), which is a well-known synthetic glucocorticoid, in order to establish a glucocorticoid-induced cell injury model. After Dex and/or mangiferin treatment, cell viability, apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was measured by Cell Counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and flow cytometry, respectively, and the concentration of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6 and macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) was measured by ELISA...
February 20, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Ling-Yu Li, Jia-Di Peng, Wenjuan Zhou, Hui Qiao, Xin Deng, Zhou-Hua Li, Ji-Deng Li, Yun-Dong Fu, Song Li, Kai Sun, Hong-Min Liu, Wen Zhao
Hydrazone and their derivatives are a series of highly active molecules, which are widely used as lead compounds for the research and development of new anti-cancer drugs. In this study, 20 compounds were synthesized, based on this scaffold and their in vitro cytotoxicity against 6 cancer cell lines, including EC9706, SMMC-7721, MCF7, PC3, MGC-803 and EC109 was tested. Among them, compound 6p, showed strong anti-proliferative activities on esophageal carcinoma cells: EC9706 and EC109 with IC50 values of 1...
February 14, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Ji Hoon Song, Dahae Lee, Seoung Rak Lee, Jae Sik Yu, Tae Su Jang, Joo-Won Nam, Ki Hyun Kim, Ki Sung Kang
A phytochemical investigation of the MeOH extracts from mulberries (the fruit of Morus alba L.) led to the identification of six heterocyclic compounds (1‑6). These compounds were screened to detect whether they protected pancreatic INS‑1 cells from streptozotocin (STZ)‑induced cytotoxicity. Compound 3 was the most effective at preventing STZ‑induced cytotoxicity and the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in INS‑1 cells. In addition, compound 3 effectively prevented apoptosis induced by STZ in INS‑1 cells...
February 8, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
S-W Wang, L-X Deng, H-Y Chen, Z-Q Su, S-L Ye, W-Y Xu
OBJECTIVE: The apoptosis of vascular endothelial cells (VEC) is related to ischemic stroke. Phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT/PKB) signaling pathway can upregulate Bcl-2 expression, reduce reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and induce apoptosis. The level of miR-124 was significantly increased after cerebral ischemia. This study aimed to investigate the role of miR-124 in regulating PI3K expression, brain VEC apoptosis, and ROS production. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expressions of miR-124, PI3K, p-AKT, and Bcl-2 in brain VEC of rats from the sham group and middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) group were tested...
January 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Qian Sun, Na-Na Lu, Lei Feng
Apigetrin (APG), as a flavonoid, has many cellular bioactivities, including regulation of oxidative stress, and induction of apoptosis. However, the means by which APG suppresses human gastric cancer are still little to be understood. In the present study, the anti-cancer effects of APG on human gastric cancer cells were investigated. The results indicated that APG could suppress the proliferation and induce apoptosis in gastric cancer cells. Its role in apoptosis induction was through reducing Bcl-2, and enhancing Bax, Caspase-9/-3 and poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) cleavage...
February 2, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Amirhosein Shahali, Mustafa Ghanadian, Seyyed Mehdi Jafari, Mahmoud Aghaei
Natural products isolated from plants provide a valuable source for expansion of new anticancer drugs. Nardosinen (4,9-dihydroxy-nardosin-6-en) is a natural sesquiterpene extracted from Juniperus foetidissima. Recently, we have reported the cytotoxic effects of nardosinen in various cancer cells. The aim of the current study was to investigate the anticancer features of nardosinen as well as its possible molecular mechanisms of the nardosinen cytotoxic effect on breast tumor cells. MTT assay showed that nardosinen notably inhibited cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner in MCF-7 breast cancer cells...
February 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Changming Dou, Jie Zhang, Cuicui Qi
Cooking oil fumes (COFs) are the major sources of indoor air pollution in Asia. It is well known that alveolar cells are key participants in the development of respiratory system; however, it still remains unknown whether alveolar cells are affected by COFs. Therefore, the present study investigated the effects of COFs on alveolar cells (A549 cells) and illuminated its apoptotic mechanism in response to COF-PM2.5 exposure. When A549 cells were exposed to COF-PM2.5, cell viability was substantially decreased, while the generation of ROS increased, and LDH levels and CCK-8 levels gradually changed within a dose-dependent manner...
January 27, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Guoyong Jiang, Lulu Zhang, Hui Wang, Qian Chen, Xiaolin Wu, Xiaoli Yan, Yi Chen, Mingyong Xie
The preventive role of a purified Ganoderma atrum polysaccharide PSG-1-F2 as a new dietary antioxidant against the intestinal toxicity of acrylamide (ACR) was investigated in vitro. Our results showed that ACR could induce oxidative stress in IEC-6 cells by the overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA), and as well as the reduction in the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px). In addition, the induction of a mitochondria-mediated intrinsic apoptotic pathway by ACR was evidenced by the events of loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, bax/bcl-2 dysregulation, cytochrome c release, and activation of caspase-3...
January 24, 2018: Food & Function
Yao Yuan, Jiewei Wu, Bailin Li, Jia Niu, Haibo Tan, Shengxiang Qiu
The compound 29-(4-methylpiperazine)-luepol (M22), a novel derivative of lupeol has shown anti-proliferative effects against the human non-small cell lung cancer A549 cell line. M22 showed significant anti-proliferative activity at 6.80 μM and increased accumulation of G1 cells and effectively suppressed expression of the G1 arrest-related genes cyclins D1 and E1, CDK2 and CDC25A. This was further confirmed by Western blotting demonstrating decreased cyclin D1 and CDC25A protein levels. Furthermore, M22 caused induction of apoptosis that downregulated the anti-apoptotic BCL-2 gene and increased expression of BAX, CASP3 and CASP9 as well as the APAF1 gene...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
Bing Tang, Dan Wan, Yang-Jie Wang, Qiao-Yan Yi, Bo-Hong Guo, Yun-Jun Liu
A new ligand THPDP (THPDP = 11-(6,7,8,9-tetrahydrophenazin-2-yl)dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine) and its iridium(III) complex [Ir(ppy)2(THPDP)]PF6 (Ir-1) was synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, ESI-MS, 1H NMR and 13C NMR. The cytotoxicity in vitro of the complex against cancer cells B16, A549, Eca-109, SGC-7901, BEL-7402 and normal NIH 3T3 cell lines was evaluated using MTT method. The IC50 values of the complex toward B16, A549 and Eca-109 cells are 1.0 ± 0.02, 1.4 ± 0...
December 30, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Zhihao Wang, Guangyue Su, Zhiguo Zhang, Han Dong, Yuehui Wang, Huiying Zhao, Yuqing Zhao, Qi Sun
Oxidative stress injury and apoptosis are the main mechanisms of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MI/RI). Compounds with anti-oxidant properties can treat MI/RI. Therefore, identification of natural antioxidants such as herbs or botanical drugs is an ideal strategy to develop safe and effective anti-MI/RI drugs. Cardioprotective effects of Ginseng are well documented and are attributable to its anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumorigenic, anti-arrhythmic, anti-ischemic properties. Ginseng monomer 20®-dammarane -3 beta,6 alpha,12 beta,20,25-pentol(25-hydroxyl-Protopanaxatriol,25-OH-PPT), a novel compound, which belongs to panaxatriol category, is extracted from the leaves and stem of ginseng...
January 8, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Qiannan Li, Bingshu Li, Cheng Liu, Linlin Wang, Jianming Tang, Li Hong
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We investigated the protective effect and underlying molecular mechanism of nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) against mechanical-stretch-induced apoptosis in mouse fibroblasts. METHODS: Normal cells, Nrf2 silencing cells, and Nrf2 overexpressing cells were respectively divided into two groups-nonintervention and cyclic mechanical strain (CMS)-subjected to CMS of 5333 μ (1.0 Hz for 4 h), six groups in total (control, CMS, shNfe212, shNfe212 + CMS, LV-shNfe212, and LV-shNfe212 + CMS)...
January 10, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
G L Hong, Z N Yang, Y Y He, J P Tan, A Liangm, G J Zhao, Z Q Lu
Objective: To investigate the effects of mono-carbonyl analogues of curcumin (L6H21) on paraquat (PQ) -induced injury in HK-2 cell line and explore its underlying mechanisms. Methods: Cultured HK-2 cells were challenged by PQ with or without L6H21 treatment. Cell viability and apoptosis were determined by CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry, respectively. Gene expressions and protein levels of apoptotic and inflammatory factors were assessed by RT-PCR, ELISA, and western blot. Intracellular ROS production was detected by DCFH-DA staining...
September 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Qinghui Tang, Qiang Len, Zheng Liu, W D Wang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Oxidative stress injury is believed to be important in diabetic cardiomyopathy. Recent evidence indicates that miR-22 plays an important role in various cardiovascular diseases, but the protective role of miR-22 in diabetic cardiomyopathy remains undetermined. METHODS: Diabetes was induced in male C57BL/6 mice by intraperitoneal injection with streptozotocin combined with a high-fat diet and miR-22 was overexpressed following transfection with adeno-associated virus...
December 29, 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
Bo-Fang Zhang, Hong Jiang, Jing Chen, Xin Guo, Qi Hu, Shuo Yang
Previous studies have indicated that lysine (K)‑specific demethylase 3A (KDM3A) is associated with diverse diabetes‑associated cardiovascular complications in response to high glucose levels. However, the effects of KDM3A on the pathological progression of cardiovascular injuries in response to high insulin levels remain unknown. The present study aimed to explore whether KDM3A knockdown may attenuate high insulin‑induced vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) dysfunction, and to further investigate the underlying mechanisms...
December 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Junchuan Yu, Yaoliang Deng, Zhiwei Tao, Weixia Liang, Xiaofeng Guan, Jihua Wu, Xin Ning, Yunlong Liu, Quan Liu, Ziqi He
This study developed an in vitro system by co-culturing HK-2 cells with different concentration of hydroxyapatite (HAP) and/or macrophage cells to simulate the internal environment of urolithiasis as far as possible, investigating the regulatory effects of macrophage cells on HAP-induced expression of relative inflammatory factors of HK-2 cells. The control group (H group) was only comprised of HK-2 cells. Experimental groups included co-culturing HK-2 cells and macrophage cells (H + M group), co-culturing HK-2 cells and HAP (H + A group), co-culturing macrophage cells and HAP (M + A group), and co-culturing HK-2 cells and macrophage cells with HAP (H + M + A group)...
December 13, 2017: Urolithiasis
J Zhang, Q Chen, S Wang, T Li, Z Xiao, W Lan, G Huang, X Cai
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a complicated and heterogeneous chronic disease with the characteristic of progressive joint destruction, deformity and disability. It is associated with not only genetic but also environmental factors. Many studies suggest that RA-derived fibroblast-like synoviocyte (RA-FLS) is involved in the pathogenic process of RA. The apoptosis and proliferation of RA-FLS is of great importance in the development and progression in RA. Nowadays, more and more traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) or natural products are studied in the treatment of RA...
2017: Current Molecular Medicine
Wayne Young Liu, Shorong-Shii Liou, Tang-Yao Hong, I-Min Liu
The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effects and mechanisms of hesperidin, a plant based active flavanone found in citrus fruits, under the oxidative stress and apoptosis induced by high levels of glucose in retinal ganglial cells (RGCs). RGC-5 cells were pretreated with hesperidin (12.5, 25, or 50 μmol/L) for 6 h followed by exposure to high (33.3 mmol/L) d-glucose for 48 h. The 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was adopted to evaluate cell viability...
December 2, 2017: Nutrients
Ryoko Watanabe, Takumi Kurose, Yuta Morishige, Ko Fujimori
6-Hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) induces the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that are associated with various neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease. 3,3',4',7-Tetrahydroxyflavone (fisetin), a plant flavonoid has a variety of physiological effects such as antioxidant activity. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanism of the neuroprotective effects of fisetin against 6-OHDA-induced cell death in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. 6-OHDA-mediated cell toxicity was reduced in a fisetin concentration-dependent manner...
February 2018: Neurochemical Research
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