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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323898/perfluorocarbon-reduces-cell-damage-from-blast-injury-by-inhibiting-signal-paths-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mapk-and-bcl-2-bax-signaling-pathway-in-a549-cells
#1
Zhaorui Zhang, Zhixin Liang, Huaidong Li, Chunsun Li, Zhen Yang, Yanqin Li, Danyang She, Lu Cao, Wenjie Wang, Changlin Liu, Liangan Chen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Blast lung injury is a common type of blast injury and has very high mortality. Therefore, research to identify medical therapies for blast injury is important. Perfluorocarbon (PFC) is used to improve gas exchange in diseased lungs and has anti-inflammatory functions in vitro and in vivo. The aim of this study was to determine whether PFC reduces damage to A549 cells caused by blast injury and to elucidate its possible mechanisms of action. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A549 alveolar epithelial cells exposed to blast waves were treated with and without PFC...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288411/vitexin-alleviates-ox-ldl-mediated-endothelial-injury-by-inducing-autophagy-via-ampk-signaling-activation
#2
Shaoli Zhang, Changlei Guo, Zhigang Chen, Peiyong Zhang, Jianhua Li, Yan Li
Endothelial cell injury plays a crucial role in the development and pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. Vitexin is a natural flavonoid characterized by anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory properties. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of vitexin on ox-LDL-induced endothelial dysfunction and to explore the underlying molecular mechanisms. In the present study, vitexin was found to play a protective role against ox-LDL-induced endothelial injury. Vitexin significantly promoted cell viability and inhibited apoptosis in ox-LDL-treated HUVECs...
March 10, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257878/the-carboxyl-terminus-of-heat-shock-protein-70-interacting-protein-chip-participates-in-high-glucose-induced-cardiac-injury
#3
Wenjun Xiong, Shiwen Liu, Wenyao Cai, Jinhua Wen, Yongnan Fu, Jingtian Peng, Zeqi Zheng
The carboxyl terminus of heat shock protein 70-interacting protein (CHIP) is confirmed to have a protective effect on the myocardium, but its effect on diabetic cardiomyopathy is unclear. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) was used for knockdown experiments in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes to examine the function of CHIP in high glucose-induced injury. High glucose stimulated the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (NOX), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) production...
February 28, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245385/-isoalantolactone-inhibits-proliferation-of-k562-a02-cells-through-caspase-dependent-apoptotic-pathway
#4
Yong-Hai Guan, Xiao-Dan Zhang, Hong Cai, Chun-Hui Yang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the apoptosis-inducing effects of isoalantolactone on chronic myeloid leukemia drug-resistant cell line K562/A02. METHODS: K562/A02 cells were treated with 0, 6.25, 12.5, 25, 50, and 100 µmol/L isoalantolactone for 12 h, 24 h, and 48 h. The cell viability was analyzed with CCK8 assay. The effects of isoalantolactone on mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), reactive oxygen species(ROS) and apoptosis of K562/A02 cells were measured by flow cytometry...
February 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219713/effect-of-doxorubicin-induced-ovarian-toxicity-on-mouse-ovarian-granulosa-cells
#5
Ting Zhang, Wan Hong He, Ling Lin Feng, Hao Guang Huang
The objective of this study was to identify the effect of doxorubicin-induced ovarian toxicity on mouse ovarian granulosa cells. After granulosa cells were treated with doxorubicin at the final concentrations of 0, 0.4, 0.8, and 1.6 μg/ml for 24 h, cell apoptosis was detected by DAPI staining or caspase-3/7 fluorescence probe; ROS was determined by 2', 7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescin diacetate fluorescence probe; mitochondrial membrane potential was detected by rhodamine-123 fluorescence probe; and mRNA expression levels of Bax, Bcl-2, p53, FSHR, StAR, P450scc and P450arom were analyzed by RT-PCR...
February 17, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216619/15-deoxy-%C3%AE-12-14-prostaglandin-j2-alleviates-hepatic-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-mice-via-inducing-antioxidant-response-and-inhibiting-apoptosis-and-autophagy
#6
Kan Chen, Jing-Jing Li, Sai-Nan Li, Jiao Feng, Tong Liu, Fan Wang, Wei-Qi Dai, Yu-Jing Xia, Jie Lu, Ying-Qun Zhou, Chuan-Yong Guo
Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is a common clinical impairment that occurs in many circumstances and leads to poor prognosis. Both apoptosis and autophagy have been shown to contribute to cell death in hepatic I/R injury. 15-Deoxy-Δ(12,14)-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2) is one of the best-studied anti-inflammatory prostaglandins, which has been verified to exert anti-inflammatory and cell-protective functions in various types of cells and animal models. In this study we explored the effects of 15d-PGJ2 on both apoptosis and autophagy in mouse hepatic I/R injury and its possible mechanisms...
February 20, 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178868/low-level-laser-effect-on-proliferation-migration-and-antiapoptosis-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#7
Kan Yin, Rongjia Zhu, Shihua Wang, Robert Chunhua Zhao
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been proved to be an important element in cell-based therapy. Photobiomodulation used extremely low-level lasers (LLLs) to affect the behavior of cells. The effect mechanism of LLLs on MSCs from human remained to be discovered. In this study, cell viability was assessed using MTS assays and cell cycle was evaluated by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS). The influence of LLLs on mitochondrial biogenesis (fission or fusion) and function (ATP, reactive oxygen species [ROS], nitric oxide [NO]) was evaluated by transmission electron microscope, FACS, quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (q-PCR), and immunocytochemistry...
March 27, 2017: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177678/protective-mechanisms-of-melatonin-against-hydrogen-peroxide-induced-toxicity-in-human-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#8
Saeed Mehrzadi, Majid Safa, Seyed Kamran Kamrava, Radbod Darabi, Parisa Hayat, Manijeh Motevalian
Many obstacles compromise the efficacy of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) by inducing apoptosis in the grafted MSCs. Current study investigates the effect of melatonin on important mediators involved in survival of BM-MSCs in hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) apoptosis model.In brief, BM-MSCs were isolated treated with melatonin and then exposed to H2O2.Their viability was assessed by MTT assay and apoptotic fractions were evaluated through Annexin V, Hoechst staining and ADP/ATP ratio. Oxidative stress biomarkers including: ROS, total antioxidant power (TAP), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activity, glutathione (GSH), thiol molecules and lipid peroxidation (LPO) levels were determined...
December 23, 2016: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123512/sirt4-overexpression-protects-against-diabetic-nephropathy-by-inhibiting-podocyte-apoptosis
#9
Jian-Xia Shi, Qi-Jin Wang, Hui Li, Qin Huang
Diabetic nephropathy is a diabetic complication associated with capillary damage and increased mortality. Sirtuin 4 (SIRT4) plays an important role in mitochondrial function and the pathogenesis of metabolic diseases, including aging kidneys. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between SIRT4 and diabetic nephropathy in a glucose-induced mouse podocyte model. A CCK-8 assay showed that glucose simulation significantly inhibited podocyte proliferation in a time- and concentration-dependent manner...
January 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068628/epoxy-clerodane-diterpene-inhibits-mcf-7-human-breast-cancer-cell-growth-by-regulating-the-expression-of-the-functional-apoptotic-genes-cdkn2a-rb1-mdm2-and-p53
#10
P Subash-Babu, Ghedeir M Alshammari, S Ignacimuthu, Ali A Alshatwi
Systematic analyses of plants that are used in traditional medicine may lead to the discovery of novel cytotoxic secondary metabolites. Diterpene possesses multiple bioactivities; here, epoxy clerodane diterpene (ECD) was isolated from Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) stem and shown potential antiproliferative effect in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. The antiproliferative effect of ECD on MCF-7 cells was systematically analyzed by cell and nuclear morphology, alterations in oxidative stress, and the expression of tumor suppressor and mitochondria-mediated apoptosis-related genes...
March 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054986/d-l-sulforaphane-induces-ros-dependent-apoptosis-in-human-gliomablastoma-cells-by-inactivating-stat3-signaling-pathway
#11
Ziwei Miao, Fei Yu, Yahao Ren, Jun Yang
d,l-Sulforaphane (SFN), a synthetic analogue of broccoli-derived isomer l-SFN, exerts cytotoxic effects on multiple tumor cell types through different mechanisms and is more potent than the l-isomer at inhibiting cancer growth. However, the means by which SFN impairs glioblastoma (GBM) cells remains poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the anti-cancer effect of SFN in GBM cells and determined the underlying molecular mechanisms. Cell viability assays, flow cytometry, immunofluorescence, and Western blot results revealed that SFN could induced apoptosis of GBM cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner, via up-regulation of caspase-3 and Bax, and down-regulation of Bcl-2...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011381/induction-of-g2-m-phase-arrest-and-apoptosis-by-a-new-tetrahydroingenol-diterpenoid-from-euphorbia-erythradenia-bioss-in-melanoma-cancer-cells
#12
Faranak Fallahian, Mustafa Ghanadian, Mahmoud Aghaei, Seyed Mohammad Zarei
In the current study, a new tetrahydroingenol diterpene isolated from Euphorbia erythradenia, 7,13-diacetyl-5-angeloyl-20-nicotinyl-3-propionyl-1,2,6,7-tetrahydroingenol (DANPT), were tested for the molecular mechanism of its anti-cancer activity in two human melanoma cancer cell lines, A375 and HMCB. DANPT was found cytotoxic against A375 and HMCB cells with IC50 value of 15.37±2.6μM and 15.62±1.89μM, respectively. Flow cytometric analysis showed that DANPT halted the A375 and HMCB cells in G2/M phase and induced apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner...
February 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922685/5%C3%A2-bromo%C3%A2-3%C3%A2-3%C3%A2-hydroxyprop%C3%A2-1%C3%A2-ynyl-%C3%A2-2h%C3%A2-pyran%C3%A2-2%C3%A2-one-induces-apoptosis-in-t24-human-bladder-cancer-cells-through-mitochondria-dependent-signaling-pathways
#13
Guo-Qiang Yu, Zhong-Ling Dou, Zhao-Hui Jia
The present study was performed to investigate the effect of 5-bromo-3-(3-hydroxyprop-1-ynyl)-2H-pyran-2-one (BHP) on the induction of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in T24 human bladder carcinoma cells. An MTT assay was used to investigate the inhibition of cell proliferation. Flow cytometry was used to observe alterations in the cell cycle, generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), alterations in mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and induction of apoptosis in the T24 cells following BHP treatment...
January 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916261/cis-bifenthrin-causes-immunotoxicity-in-murine-macrophages
#14
Xia Wang, Xingli Gao, Bingnan He, Yuanxiang Jin, Zhengwei Fu
Synthetic pyrethroids (SPs) are commonly used insecticides that have been detected in mammals, including humans, indicating a potential threat to human health. Bifenthrin (BF), as well as other pyrethroids, has been shown to possess neurotoxic, reproductive, hepatotoxic and nephrotoxic potential in mammals. However, studies regarding the immunotoxicity of BF and its mechanism are limited. In this study, we aim to exam the immunotoxicity of cis-BF on the murine macrophage cell line, RAW 264.7. MTT assay results demonstrated that cis-BF exposure induced apoptosis in RAW 264...
February 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871895/protective-effect-of-lycopene-on-fluoride-induced-ameloblasts-apoptosis-and-dental-fluorosis-through-oxidative-stress-mediated-caspase-pathways
#15
Weishan Li, Binghua Jiang, Xianglin Cao, Yongjiang Xie, Ting Huang
Fluoride is an environmental toxicant and induces dental fluorosis and oxidative stress. Lycopene (LYC) is an effective antioxidant that is reported to attenuate fluoride toxicity. To determine the effects of LYC on sodium fluoride (NaF) -induced teeth and ameloblasts toxicity, rats were treated with NaF (10 mg/kg) and/or LYC (10 mg/kg) by orally administration for 5 weeks; ameloblasts were treated with NaF (5 mM) and/or LYC (2 μM) for 6 h. We found that the concentrations of fluoride, malondialdehyde (MDA) and reactive oxygen species (ROS), gene expressions and activities of Caspase-9 and Caspase-3, and the gene expressions of Bax were significantly decreased, while the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX), the gene expression of Bcl-2 were significantly increased in the LYC + NaF-treated rats group; concentrations of MDA and ROS, gene expressions and activities of Caspase-9 and Caspase-3, and the gene expression of Bax, and ameloblasts apoptosis rate were significantly decreased, while the activities of SOD and GPX, the gene expression of Bcl-2 were significantly increased in the LYC + NaF-treated ameloblasts group...
January 5, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855397/inhibition-of-cartilage-acidic-protein-1-reduces-ultraviolet-b-irradiation-induced-apoptosis-through-p38-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-and-jun-amino-terminal-kinase-pathways
#16
Yinghong Ji, Xianfang Rong, Dan Li, Lei Cai, Jun Rao, Yi Lu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation can easily induce apoptosis in human lens epithelial cells (HLECs) and further lead to various eye diseases including cataract. Here for the first time, we investigated the role of cartilage acidic protein 1 (CRTAC1) gene in UVB irradiation induced-apoptosis in HLECs. METHODS: Three groups of HLECs were employed including model group, empty vector group, and CRTAC1 interference group. RESULTS: After UVB irradiation, the percentage of primary apoptotic cells was obviously fewer in CRTAC1 interference group...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855372/small-molecule-th-39-potentially-targets-hec1-nek2-interaction-and-exhibits-antitumor-efficacy-in-k562-cells-via-g0-g1-cell-cycle-arrest-and-apoptosis-induction
#17
Yongxia Zhu, Wei Wei, Tinghong Ye, Zhihao Liu, Li Liu, Yong Luo, Lidan Zhang, Chao Gao, Ningyu Wang, Luoting Yu
BACKGROUND: Cancer is still a major public health issue worldwide, and new therapeutics with anti-tumor activity are still urgently needed. METHODS: The anti-tumor activity of TH-39, which shows potent anti-proliferative activity against K562 cells with an IC50 of 0.78 µM, was investigated using immunoblot, co-immunoprecipitation, the MTT assay, and flow cytometry. RESULTS: Mechanistically, TH-39 may disrupt the interaction between Hec1 and Nek2 in K562 cells...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827932/bauhinia-championii-flavone-attenuates-hypoxia-reoxygenation-induced-apoptosis-in-h9c2-cardiomyocytes-by-improving-mitochondrial-dysfunction
#18
Ping Liao, Guibo Sun, Chan Zhang, Min Wang, Yao Sun, Yuehan Zhou, Xiaobo Sun, Jie Jian
This study aimed to determine the effects of Bauhinia championii flavone (BCF) on hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) induced apoptosis in H9c2 cardiomyocytes and to explore potential mechanisms. The H/R model in H9c2 cardiomyocytes was established by 6 h of hypoxia and 12 h of reoxygenation. Cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay. Apoptotic rate was measured by Annexin V/PI staining. Levels of mitochondria-associated ROS, mitochondrial transmembrane potential (∆Ψm) and mitochondrial permeability transition pores (MPTP) opening were assessed by fluorescent probes...
November 4, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816647/synthesis-characterization-and-anticancer-effect-of-the-ruthenium-ii-polypyridyl-complexes-on-hepg2-cells
#19
Dan Wan, Shang-Hai Lai, Hui-Hui Yang, Bing Tang, Cheng Zhang, Hui Yin, Chuan-Chuan Zeng, Yun-Jun Liu
As one of the major cell regulated center, mitochondria are closely associated with cell proliferation, apoptosis of tumor cell. In this work, four new ruthenium (II) polypyridyl complexes [Ru(bpy)2(FTTP)](ClO4)2 (1) (FTTP=11-(3-fluoro-naphthalen-2-yloxy)-4,5,9,14-tetraaza-benzo[b]triphenylene, bpy=2,2'-bipyridine), [Ru(phen)2(FTTP)](ClO4)2 (2) (phen=1,10-phenanthroline), [Ru(bpy)2(PTTP)](ClO4)2 (3) (PTTP=2-phenoxy-1,4,8,9-tetraazatriphenylene) and [Ru(phen)2(PTTP)](ClO4)2 (4) were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, ESI-MS, (1)H NMR and (13)C NMR...
December 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796592/the-induction-of-apoptosis-in-sgc-7901-cells-through-the-ros-mediated-mitochondrial-dysfunction-pathway-by-a-ir-iii-complex
#20
Cheng Zhang, Shang-Hai Lai, Chuan-Chuan Zeng, Bing Tang, Dan Wan, De-Gang Xing, Yun-Jun Liu
A new ligand BTCP and its iridium(III) complex [Ir(ppy)2(BTCP)]PF6 (Ir-1) were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, ESI-MS, IR, (1)H NMR and (13)C NMR. The cytotoxic activity in vitro of the ligand and its complex against SGC-7901, HeLa, HOS, PC-12, BEL-7402, MG-63, SiHa, A549, HepG2 and normal cell LO2 were evaluated by MTT method [MTT = (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide)]. The apoptosis was assayed with AO/EB and Hoechst 33258 staining methods. The reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial membrane potential, autophagy and cell invasion were studied under fluorescent microscope...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: JBIC
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