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ros, bcl-6,bcl-2,

Boyu Yang, Yue Xu, Yaguang Hu, Yiwen Luo, Xi Lu, Ching Kit Tsui, Lin Lu, Xiaoling Liang
Madecassic acid (MA) is an abundant triterpenoid in Centella asiatica (L.) Urban. (Apiaceae) that has been used as a wound-healing, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer agent. Up to now, the effects of MA against oxidative stress remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the effect of MA and its mechanisms on hypoxia-induced human Retinal Microvascular Endothelial Cells (hRMECs). hRMECs were pre-treated with different concentrations of MA (0-50μM) for 30min before being incubated under hypoxia condition (37°C, 5% CO2 and 95% N2)...
October 8, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Wenda Zhang, Ting Ma, Shanshan Li, Yanwei Yang, Jianpeng Guo, Wenying Yu, Lingyi Kong
STAT3 is an attractive therapeutic target for cancer therapy. However, due to low potency or poor druggability, none of its inhibitors are clinically available. Herein, a series of aminobenzo[b]thiophene 1, 1-dioxides with good drug-likeness properties were designed, synthesized and evaluated as STAT3 inhibitors. Most of them exhibited higher antitumor activity than the small-molecule STAT3 inhibitor, Stattic. Compound 15 was the most potent and had an IC50 range in 0.33-0.75 μM in various cancer cell lines...
September 22, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Zhi-Hang Yuan, Zeng-Enni Liang, Jing Wu, Jin-E Yi, Xiao-Jun Chen, Zhi-Liang Sun
Koumine is a kind of alkaloid extracted from Gelsemium elegans (G. elegans). Benth, which has shown promise as an anti-tumor, anxiolytic, and analgesic agent. In our present study, the effect of koumine on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-mediated RAW 264.7 cell apoptosis was evaluated. MTT assays showed that koumine obviously increased cell viability in LPS-mediated RAW 264.7 macrophages. Preincubation with koumine ameliorated LPS-medicated apoptosis by decreasing reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, which resulted in a significant decrease in the levels of nitric oxide (NO) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)...
September 30, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Jose J G Marin, Elisa Lozano, Maria J Perez
Alterations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and autophagy activation are common events in tumors. Here we have investigated the effect of mitochondrial genome depletion on chemical hypoxia-induced autophagy in liver tumor cells. Human SK-Hep-1 wild-type and mtDNA-depleted (Rho) cells were exposed to the hypoxia mimetic agents CoCl2 and deferoxamine (DFO). Up-regulation of HIF-1α, but not HIF-2α was observed. The expression of several HIF-1α target genes was also found. In human SK-Hep-1 and mouse Hepa 1-6 liver tumor cells, but not in the counterpart Rho derived lines, chemical hypoxia increased the abundance of autophagosomes and autolysosomes...
September 26, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Guan-Yu Chen, Yu-Chieh Shu, Duen-Yau Chuang, Yuan-Chuen Wang
Helicobacter pylori infections induce host cell inflammation and apoptosis, however, they are conflicting. Tanshinone IIA is an active compound of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge. In this study, we investigated the regulatory effects of tanshinone IIA on H. pylori-induced inflammation and apoptosis in vitro. Tanshinone IIA treatments (13.6-54.4[Formula: see text][Formula: see text]M) significantly decreased nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kB) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) [p-38 and C-terminal Jun-kinase 1/2 (JNK1/2)] protein expressions and inflammatory substance [cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), 5-lipooxygenase (5-LOX), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), reactive oxygen species (ROS), nitric oxide (NO), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), interleukin-1[Formula: see text] (IL-1[Formula: see text], IL-6, and IL-8] production in the H...
2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Ju-Fang Liu, Chien-Yu Chen, Hsien-Te Chen, Chih-Shiang Chang, Chih-Hsin Tang
Chondrosarcoma is a highly malignant cartilage-forming bone tumor that has the capacity to invade locally and cause distant metastasis. Moreover, chondrosarcoma is intrinsically resistant to conventional chemotherapy or radiotherapy. The novel benzofuran derivative, BL-038 (2-amino-3-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)-6-(4-methoxyphenyl)benzofuran-4-yl acetate), has been evaluated for its anticancer effects in human chondrosarcoma cells. BL-038 caused cell apoptosis in two human chondrosarcoma cell lines, JJ012 and SW1353, but not in primary chondrocytes...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Yuan-Man Hsu, Mei-Chin Yin
BACKGROUND: Effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6) upon fatty acid composition, oxidative and inflammatory factors and aging proteins in brain of d-galactose (DG) treated aging mice were examined. METHODS: Each fatty acid at 7 mg/kg BW/week was supplied for 8 weeks. Brain aging was induced by DG treatment (100 mg/kg body weight) via daily subcutaneous injection for 8 weeks. RESULTS: DG, EPA and DHA treatments changed brain fatty acid composition...
June 2016: BioMedicine
Govindhan Annamalai, Suresh Kathiresan, Nagappan Kannappan
Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a well-known herb used in ethnomedicine. [6]-shogaol, a phenolic nature is a major constituent of ginger. In this study, we investigated the anticancer activity of [6]-shogaol in Laryngeal cancer (Hep-2) cells. We demonstrated the effects of [6]-shogaol on the cell growth and apoptosis in Hep-2 cells were analyzed by the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), the level of mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔYm), DNA damage and apoptotic morphological changes were analyzed by AO/EtBr, AO and Hoechst staining...
August 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Shaopeng Wang, Xiance Sun, Liping Jiang, Xiaofang Liu, Min Chen, Xiaofeng Yao, Qinghua Sun, Guang Yang
6-Gingerol, the major pharmacologically-active component of ginger, has the potential to prevent heart disease. However, the mechanisms are not well understood. In this study, the protective effect of 6-gingerol against hydrogen peroxide-induced apoptosis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) was investigated. Apoptosis was detected by Hoechst 33342 and Flow cytometry analysis. To further elucidate the crosstalk between apoptosis and autophagy, we tested the expression of autophagy related proteins, LC3B, Bcl-2, Beclin1, AKT, p-AKT, mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR), and p-mTOR...
August 25, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
Dai Cheng, Xinyu Zhang, Meng Meng, Lirong Han, Caijiao Li, Lihua Hou, Wentao Qi, Chunling Wang
A water-soluble polysaccharide (BP-1) was obtained from highland barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) by hot water extraction and purification of sepharose column chromatography. BP-1 had an average molecular weight of about 6.7×10(4)Da and was composed of glucose (Glc), xylose (Xyl), arabinose (Ara) and rhamnose (Rha) with a relative molar ratio of 8.82:1.92:1.50:1.00. It was found that BP-1 inhibited proliferation of human colon cancer cells (HT-29) in a time- and dose-dependent manner with half maximal inhibitory concentration at 48h of 48...
July 1, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Fuchsia Gold-Smith, Alyssa Fernandez, Karen Bishop
Mangiferin, a bioactive compound derived primarily from Anacardiaceae and Gentianaceae families and found in mangoes and honeybush tea, has been extensively studied for its therapeutic properties. Mangiferin has shown promising chemotherapeutic and chemopreventative potential. This review focuses on the effect of mangiferin on: (1) inflammation, with respect to NFκB, PPARү and the immune system; (2) cell cycle, the MAPK pathway G₂/M checkpoint; (3) proliferation and metastasis, and implications on β-catenin, MMPs, EMT, angiogenesis and tumour volume; (4) apoptosis, with a focus on Bax/Bcl ratios, intrinsic/extrinsic apoptotic pathways and telomerase activity; (5) oxidative stress, through Nrf2/ARE signalling, ROS elimination and catalase activity; and (6) efficacy of chemotherapeutic agents, such as oxaliplatin, etoposide and doxorubicin...
2016: Nutrients
J Q Xu, B Chen, H X Hu, R C Yue, S Zhang, L Xu, H Wang, Q Li, C Y Tan, H Y Chen, R Y Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of lycopene on primary cultured neonatal mouse cardiomyocytes with hypoxia/reoxgenation (H/R) injury and explore related mechanism. METHODS: Primary cultured neonatal mouse cardiomyocytes were randomly divided to control group (control); lycopene group (5 μmol/L, lyc); H/R group (4 hours hypoxia followed by 6 hours reoxgenation); lycopene+ H/R group (lyc+ H/R, the cardiomyocytes were incubated with 5 μmol/L lycopene for 4 hours before H/R treatment)...
June 24, 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
Jie Chen, Ming-Feng Zhao, Xiao-Li Cao, Juan-Xia Meng, Yi Xing, Xiao-Yuan He, Xin Jin, Ping Xu, Yan-Yu Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of iron overload on apoptosis and function of splenic CD8+ T cells in mice. METHODS: Forty C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into control groups, Iron overload (IO), IO+NAC and IO+DFX groups. The iron overload model was established by intraperitoneal injection of iron dextran, and saline was injected as the control. The levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and labile iron pool (LIP) were analyzed by measuring the mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of 2-7 dichlorofluorescein (DCF) or calcein...
June 2016: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Yan Jiang, Hanjie Xu, Jiafei Wang
Alantolactone is the active ingredient in frankincense, and is extracted from the dry root of elecampane. It has a wide variety of uses, including as an insect repellent, antibacterial, antidiuretic, analgesic and anticancer agent. In addition, alantolactone induces apoptosis of human cervical cancer cells, however, its mechanism of action remains to be elucidated. Therefore, the present study investigated whether alantolactone was able to induce apoptosis of human cervical cancer cells, and its potential mechanisms of action were analyzed...
June 2016: Oncology Letters
Xinhui Yang, Jiangtao Jiang, Xinyan Yang, Jichun Han, Qiusheng Zheng
Licochalcone A (LCA) has been reported to significantly inhibit cell proliferation, increase reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, and induce apoptosis of T24 human bladder cancer cells via mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-triggered signaling pathways. Based on these findings, the present study aimed to investigate the mechanisms by which LCA induces apoptosis of T24 cells. Cultured T24 cells were treated with LCA, and cell viability was measured using the sulforhodamine B assay. Apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry with Annexin V/propidium iodide staining, and by fluorescent microscopy with Hoechst 33258 staining...
July 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Pang-Hu Zhou, Wei Hu, Xiao-Bin Zhang, Wei Wang, Li-Jun Zhang
This study was carried out to investigate whether ADM can modulate LPS-induced inflammation and apoptosis in rat Leydig cells. Leydig cells were treated with ADM before LPS-induced cytotoxicity. We determined the concentrations of ROS, MDA, GSH, LDH, and testosterone and the MMP. The mRNA levels of IL-1, IL-6, iNOS, and COX-2 were obtained, and the concentrations of IL-1, IL-6, NO, and PGE2 were determined. Apoptosis was assessed by TUNEL and detection of DNA fragmentation. The levels of mRNA and protein were determined for Bcl-2, Bax, caspase-3, and PARP...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
Aili Cao, Li Wang, Xia Chen, Hengjiang Guo, Shuang Chu, Xuemei Zhang, Wen Peng
Oxidative stress has a great role in diabetes and diabetes induced organ damage. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is involved in the onset of diabetic nephropathy. We hypothesize that ER stress inhibition could protect against kidney injury through anti-oxidative effects. To test whether block ER stress could attenuate oxidative stress and improve diabetic nephropathy in vivo and in vitro, the effect of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), an ER stress inhibitor, on spontaneous diabetic nephropathy db/db mice, ER stress inducer or high glucose-triggered podocytes were studied...
August 1, 2016: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Valdelúcia Maria Alves de Souza Grinevicius, Maicon Roberto Kviecinski, Nádia Sandrini Ramos Santos Mota, Fabiana Ourique, Luiza Sheyla Evenni Porfirio Will Castro, Rafaela Rafognato Andreguetti, João Francisco Gomes Correia, Danilo Wilhem Filho, Claus Tröger Pich, Rozangela Curi Pedrosa
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ayurvedic and Chinese traditional medicine and tribal people use herbal preparations containing Piper nigrum fruits for the treatment of many health disorders like inflammation, fever, asthma and cancer. In Brazil, traditional maroon culture associates the spice Piper nigrum to health recovery and inflammation attenuation. AIMS OF THE STUDY: The aim of the current work was to evaluate the relationship between reactive oxygen species (ROS) overproduction, DNA fragmentation, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis induced by Piper nigrum ethanolic extract and its antitumor activity...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Yan-Fei Kang, Hai-Xia Qiao, Long-Zuo Xin, Li-Ping Ge
Resveratrol is identified as a natural cancer chemoprevention agent. There has been a lot of interest in designing and developing resveratrol analogs with cancer chemoprevention activity superior to that of parent molecule and exploring their action mechanism in the past several decades. In this study, we have synthesized resveratrol analogs of compounds A-C via conjugated chain elongation based on isoprene unit retention strategy. Remarkably, cytotoxic activity analysis results indicated that compound B possesses the best proliferation inhibition activity for NCI-H460 cells in all the test compounds...
September 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Hui Wang, Yang Yu, Jingshuang Li, Handong Wu, Jing Sun, Zhen Zhang, Lijing Geng, Xiaolei Yu, Zheng Liu
CONTEXT: Cadmium (Cd(2+)) is an important industrial and environmental pollutant and has been shown to induce apoptosis in a variety of cell types and tissues. OBJECTIVE: To assess the specific effects of low-dose Cd(2+ )on the skin. This organ is easily exposed to Cd(2+), but how it damages cells is not fully understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mouse skin fibroblasts were treated with low doses of Cd(2+ )(0.4, 0.8 or 1.6 μM) for 12-48 h, and we observed cell morphological alterations, measured DNA damage and quantified cell viability changes...
May 5, 2016: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
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