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Biliary fistula

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931638/complications-of-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-endoscopic-ultrasound
#1
REVIEW
Sundeep Lakhtakia
Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS) provides the unique opportunity to visualize, interrogate and intervene gastrointestinal (GI) luminal, mural or peri-luminal structures and pathology with negligible adverse effects. Diagnostic, upper GI and rectal EUS is feasible, extremely safe, and efficacious. Most EUS guided interventions are safe, effective and minimally invasive, compared to peers in the percutaneous radiological or surgical procedures. As with any endoscopic procedure, EUS and its guided interventions may be accompanied by adverse events...
October 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921278/bronchobiliary-fistula-caused-after-hepatectomy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-case-report
#2
Seikan Hai, Yuji Iimuro, Tadamichi Hirano, Kazuhiro Suzumura, Akito Yada, Jiro Fujimoto
BACKGROUND: A bronchobiliary fistula, an intercommunication between the biliary tract and bronchial trees, is an extremely rare complication after hepatectomy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old male underwent partial resection of the liver for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma under a thoracoabdominal approach. The immediate postoperative clinical course was uneventful, but the patient was febrile and laboratory examinations revealed leukocytosis on the 15th postoperative day...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920850/choledochoduodenal-fistula-in-the-setting-of-crohn-s-disease
#3
Shane Knipping, Ravi Rajpoot, Roozbeh Houshyar
Of all the spontaneous fistulas that occur between the extrahepatic biliary system and the intestine, a choledochoduodenal fistula is rarely seen. When it does occur, it is most often secondary to a perforated duodenal ulcer, choledocholithiasis, or cholelithiasis. It may also be seen following complications related to iatrogenic injury or tuberculosis. Generally, choledochoduodenal fistulas are asymptomatic, but may present with vague abdominal pain, fever, and other symptoms related to cholangitis. As a result, they can be difficult to diagnose clinically before imaging is obtained...
December 2016: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920840/unusual-use-of-gd-eob-dtpa-in-mrcp-in-order-to-reveal-the-source-of-bile-leakage-in-a-patient-with-neuroendocrine-tumor-case-report
#4
Rafał Mazur, Aleksander Pawluś, Kinga Szymańska, Mateusz Patyk, Anna Otlewska, Krzysztof Międzybrodzki, Dąbrówka Sokołowska-Dąbek, Eliza Kubicka, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz
BACKGROUND: MRCP is the method of choice in diagnosing pathologies of the biliary system. One of them is bile fistulae. They are uncommon but tend to cause many diagnostic problems. The possible way to improve MRCP is using it with intravenous injection of hepatobiliary-specific contrast agents. As it is eliminated via the hepatobiliary system, it can be visualized in the bile ducts and may help to reveal disorders undetected by a standard MRCP. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 36-year-old woman with leakage in the biliary system which led to creation of a subcutaneous bile reservoir...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905290/postoperative-wound-myiasis-caused-by-sarcophaga-carnaria
#5
Sefa Ergün, Ozan Akıncı, Serhat Sirekbasan, Ahmet Kocael
Myiasis is a parasitic infection caused by dipteran larvae settling in living tissue and organs. Infestation is generally found in tropical and rural areas, where interaction with animals is common. It is diagnosed based on the evidence of the existence of dipteran larvae in tissues and organs. When planning the treatment, identifying the type of larvae is as important as identifying the infected organ or system. In this case report, we present the case of a female who had a biliary tract injury caused by laparoscopic cholecystectomy and who developed a postoperative enterocutaneous fistula and myiasis caused by third-stage Sarcophaga sp...
September 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861347/the-safety-and-efficacy-of-nasobiliary-drainage-versus-biliary-stenting-in-malignant-biliary-obstruction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Huapeng Lin, Shengwei Li, Xi Liu
BACKGROUND: Preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) has been widely used to treat patients with malignant biliary obstruction. However, it is still unclear which method of PBD (endoscopic nasobiliary drainage or endoscopic biliary stenting) is more effective. Thus, we carried out a meta-analysis to compare the safety and efficacy of endoscopic nasobiliary drainage (ENBD) and endoscopic biliary stenting (EBS) in malignant biliary obstruction in terms of preoperative and postoperative complications...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814912/treatment-of-benign-biliary-leaks-with-transhepatic-placement-of-coated-self-expanding-metallic-stents
#7
M Páramo, P García-Barquín, M Carrillo, M Millor Muruzábal, I Vivas, J I Bilbao
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the safety and efficacy of percutaneous placement of coated self-expanding metallic stents (SEMS) in patients with biliary leaks. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This ethics committee at our center approved this study. We retrospectively reviewed all coated SEMS placed between October 2008 and September 2015. We analyzed patient-related factors such as the primary underlying disease, prior hepatic procedures, and clinical outcome. We evaluated the location, the number and type of leak (anastomotic or non-anastomotic), and the characteristics of the interventional procedure (number of stents deployed, location of the stents, technical success, and primary functionality)...
November 1, 2016: Radiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811506/hepatopancreaticoduodenectomy-for-biliary-cancer-strategies-for-near-zero-operative-mortality-and-acceptable-long-term-outcome
#8
Taku Aoki, Yoshihiro Sakamoto, Yoshiharu Kohno, Nobuhisa Akamatsu, Junichi Kaneko, Yasuhiko Sugawara, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Masatoshi Makuuchi, Norihiro Kokudo
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of hepatopancreaticoduodenectomy (HPD) for patients with biliary cancer. BACKGROUND: HPD is thought to be the only curative treatment for widespread bile duct cancer and for some advanced cases of gallbladder cancer; however, HPD has not yet been accepted as a standard operative procedure because of concerns over morbidity and mortality. METHODS: Fifty-two patients undergoing HPD were retrospectively reviewed...
November 1, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806780/-combined-multiple-artery-first-approach-to-pancreatoduodenectomy
#9
Z D Wang, X M Jiang, X Y Zhong, P C Kang, C L Li, Z L Su, S Tai, C X Hua, Y F Cui
Objective: To investigate the clinical application of combined multiple artery-first approach to pancreatoduodenectomy. Methods: The clinical data of 53 patients who were diagnosed with peripancreatic head tumor at Department of Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery of Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University between June 2013 and June 2015 was retrospectively analyzed.Pancreatic enhanced CT scan, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, ultrasonography and tumor marker detection were applied for all the patients preoperatively...
November 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803836/primarily-proximal-jejunal-stone-causing-enterolith-ileus-in-a-patient-without-evidence-of-cholecystoenteric-fistula-or-jejunal-diverticulosis
#10
Houssam Khodor Abtar, Mostapha Mneimneh, Mazen M Hammoud, Ahmed Zaaroura, Yasmina S Papas
Stone formation within the intestinal lumen is called enterolith. This stone can encroach into the lumen causing obstruction and surgical emergency. Jejunal obstruction by an enterolith is a very rare entity and often missed preoperatively. To our knowledge, most cases of jejunal obstruction, secondary to stone, were associated with biliary disease (cholecystoenteric fistula), bezoar, jejunal diverticulosis, or foreign body. Hereby we present a rare case report of small bowel obstruction in an elderly man who was diagnosed lately to have primary proximal jejunal obstruction by an enterolith without evidence of a cholecystoenteric fistula or jejunal diverticulosis...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787479/biliary-fistula-after-liver-resection-central-role-of-intra-operative-perihepatic-drain
#11
Matteo Barabino, Andrea Gatti, Roberto Santambrogio, Leonardo Centonze, Matteo Virdis, Maria R Angiolini, Carmelo Luigiano, Enrico Opocher
BACKGROUND: Despite notable advances in surgical skills and technology, incidence of biliary fistula after hepatic resection remains an issue. Aim of this study is to assess the role of intra-operative perihepatic drain in diagnosis and treatment of this complication. METHODS: The study included 641 patients who underwent hepatic resection without hepaticojejunostomy between Jan-2003 and Jan-2016. Data were obtained from our single- institution perspective database...
October 27, 2016: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771601/r-gas-under-diaphragm
#12
Maddibande Ramachar Sreevathsa, Khyati Melanta
INTRODUCTION: The most common cause of gas under diaphragm is hollow viscous perforation. In 10% of cases it can be due to rare causes, both abdominal and extra-abdominal, one of them being intra abdominal infection by gas forming organisms. PRESENTATION OF THE CASE: A 51 year old male patient, a poorly controlled diabetic, presented with a second episode of severe pain abdomen and abdominal distention, with lower abdominal tenderness. Plain Xray of the abdomen in erect posture showed gas under the right dome of diaphragm and ultrasound abdomen confirmed gross pneumoperitoneum...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768898/pancreaticogastrostomy-has-advantages-over-pancreaticojejunostomy-on-pancreatic-fistula-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#13
REVIEW
Han Qin, Lin Luo, Zexin Zhu, Jiwei Huang
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether pancreaticogastrostomy (PG) or pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) is the better reconstructive method to reduce postoperative complications, especially pancreatic fistula (PF), after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). BACKGROUND: PF is a severe complication after PD. The best reconstructive method to reduce occurrence of PF is controversial. We carried out this meta-analysis to compare PG with PJ. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted on PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library published up to October 2015 to identify studies comparing PG with PJ...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759782/immediate-complications-after-88-hepatectomies-brazilian-consecutive-series
#14
Enio Campos Amico, José Roberto Alves, Samir Assi João, Priscila Luana Franco Costa Guimarães, Joafran Alexandre Costa de Medeiros, Élio José Silveira da Silva Barreto
Background: Hepatectomies have been increasingly recommended and performed in Brazil; they present great differences related to immediate complications. Aim: Assessing the immediate postoperative complications in a series of 88 open liver resections. Method: Prospective database of patients subjected to consecutive hepatectomies over nine years. The post-hepatectomy complications were categorized according to the Clavien-Dindo classification; complications presenting grade equal to or greater than 3 were considered major complications...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746621/delayed-severe-hemobilia-due-to-bilio-venous-fistula-after-percutaneous-transhepatic-biliary-drainage-treatment-with-covered-stent-placement
#15
Kumble S Madhusudhan, Nihar R Dash, Adil Afsan, Shivanand Gamanagatti, Deep N Srivastava, Arun K Gupta
Biliovenous fistula occurs due to development of a communication between hepatic duct and portal vein branches and is a rare complication of percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD). Most of them are self-limiting and only occasionally they need interventional management. Placement of biliary stent graft is a viable option. We present here a case of a 56-year-old male with carcinoma of gall bladder presenting with hemodynamic shock due to severe hemobilia after PTBD and treated successfully by biliary covered stent placement...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681160/endoscopic-ultrasonography-guided-choledochoduodenostomy-using-a-newly-designed-laser-cut-metal-stent-feasibility-study-in-a-porcine-model
#16
Kosuke Minaga, Masayuki Kitano, Chimyon Gon, Kentaro Yamao, Hajime Imai, Takeshi Miyata, Ken Kamata, Shunsuke Omoto, Mamoru Takenaka, Masatoshi Kudo
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)-guided choledochoduodenostomy (EUS-CDS) is increasingly used in the treatment of malignant distal biliary obstruction. Standardized use of this technique requires improvements in instruments, including more convenient and safer devices. The present study was designed to evaluate the resistance force to migration (RFM) of a newly designed laser-cut metal stent and the feasibility of EUS-CDS using this stent. METHODS: This experimental study used a porcine model of biliary dilatation involving five male pigs...
September 28, 2016: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679943/mirizzi-syndrome-grades-iii-and-iv-surgical-treatment
#17
Ronald Reverdito, André DE Moricz, Tércio DE Campos, Adhemar Monteiro Pacheco, Rodrigo Altenfelder Silva
OBJECTIVE: : to evaluate the epidemiology and outcomes of surgical treatment of patients with Mirizzi Syndrome (MS) grades III and IV, the most advanced according to Csendes classification. METHODS: : we conducted a retrospective, cross-sectional study by reviewing records of thirteen patients with grades III and IV MS operated from December 2001 to September 2013, among the 3,691 cholecystectomies performed in the period. RESULTS: : the incidence of MS was 0...
July 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607405/a-case-report-of-the-anesthetic-management-for-liver-retransplantation-in-a-patient-with-a-bronchobiliary-fistula
#18
Adrienne Carr, Nelson Gonzalez, Roberto Hernandez-Alejandro, Ramiro Arellano
A 64-year-old woman with a previous liver transplant developed graft failure with biliary complications including a bronchobiliary fistula, which did not respond to preoperative conservative therapy. Liver retransplantation provided definitive therapy for the liver failure and bronchobiliary fistula. We present anesthestic considerations for the intraoperative management of a liver retransplant with one-lung ventilation.
September 7, 2016: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606661/-congenital-broncho-biliary-fistula-a-case-report
#19
Cinthia G Pérez, Aixa Reusmann
Congenital tracheo-or-bronchobiliary fistula or congenital he-patopulmonary fistula is a rare malformation with high morbidity and mortality if the diagnosis is not made early. The tracheo-or-bronchobiliary fistula is a communication between the respiratory (trachea or bronchus) and biliary tract. To date, only 35 cases have been published worldwide. We report a case of a neonate with right pneumonia and bilious fluid in the endotracheal tube. Diagnosis was made using bronchoscopy with fluoroscopy. Videothoracoscopy was used to remove the bronchobiliary fistula...
October 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589348/endoscopic-management-of-bile-duct-injury-after-hepatobiliary-tract-surgery-a-comprehensive-review
#20
Carmelo Luigiano, Giuseppe Iabichino, Benedetto Mangiavillano, Leonardo H Eusebi, Monica Arena, Pierluigi Consolo, Carmela Morace, Sharmila Fagoonee, Matteo Barabino, Enrico Opocher, Rinaldo Pellicano
Bile duct injuries are the most serious complications after hepatobiliary surgery and are associated with high morbidity and mortality. The incidence of iatrogenic injuries of bile ducts has increased after the advent of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Bile duct injuries present with biliary leak or biliary obstruction or a combination of both. Successful treatment of these complications requires a multidisciplinary team that includes biliary endoscopists, interventional radiologists and hepatobiliary surgeons...
September 2, 2016: Minerva Chirurgica
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