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Biliary fistula

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700780/distinction-of-risk-factors-for-superficial-vs-organ-space-surgical-site-infections-after-pancreatic-surgery
#1
Irmina A Elliott, Carmen Chan, Tara A Russell, Amanda M Dann, Jennifer L Williams, Lauren Damato, Hallie Chung, Mark D Girgis, O Joe Hines, Howard A Reber, Timothy R Donahue
Importance: Surgical site infection (SSI) rates are increasingly used as a quality metric. However, risk factors for SSI in pancreatic surgery remain undefined. Objective: To stratify superficial and organ-space SSIs after pancreatectomy and investigate their modifiable risk factors. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective analysis included 201 patients undergoing pancreatic surgery at a university-based tertiary referral center from July 1, 2013, through June 30, 2015, and 10 371 patients from National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Hepatopancreaticobiliary (NSQIP-HPB) Collaborative sites from January 1, 2014, through December 31, 2015...
July 12, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695433/reconstruction-of-bile-duct-injury-and-defect-with-the-round-ligament
#2
Safi Dokmak, Béatrice Aussilhou, Emilia Ragot, Camille Tantardini, François Cauchy, Philippe Ponsot, Jacques Belghiti, Alain Sauvanet, Olivier Soubrane
Lateral injury of the bile duct can occur after cholecystectomy, bile duct dissection, or exploration. If direct repair is not possible, conversion to bilioenteric anastomosis can be needed with the risk of long-term bile duct infections and associated complications. We developed a new surgical technique which consist of reconstructing the bile duct with the round ligament. The vascularized round ligament is completely mobilized until its origin and used for lateral reconstruction of the bile duct to cover the defect...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666492/a-novel-technique-for-detection-and-suturing-of-biliary-fistula-in-a-giant-hydatid-cyst-video-assisted-biliary-fistula-suturing-in-hydatid-cyst
#3
Ali Ezer, Alper Parlakgumus
Hydatid disease remains an important health problem in endemic areas; and by the way of travel and immigration, it can also be encountered in non-endemic areas. The most common cases with complications following hydatid liver surgeries are biliary fistulas with a frequency of 14.6 - 27.5%. Postoperative biliary leakage is generally due to unnoticed biliary tract communications. It is technically difficult to determine and suture the biliary fistulas, particulary for deep located ones with giant cavities for patients with high body mass index...
November 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661596/-diagnosis-and-surgical-treatment-of-mirizzi-syndrome
#4
V A Syplyvy, D V Levtushenko, G D Petrenko, S A Andreyeshchev, Levtushenko A V
Retrospective analysis of the surgical treatment results in 34 patients, operated for intraoperatively diagnosed Mirizzi syndrome (MS), was done. Analysis of intraoperative changes have witnessed, that while transition occurrence of MS from the first to the fifth type a severity of morphological changes in a gallbladder-biliary ducts-duodenum system enhanced with duodenal integrity loss and development of cholecystobiliary or cholecystodigestive fistula. Surgical correction of MS have envisaged cholecystectomy performance or subtotal resection of gallbladder, plastic closure of biliary fistula, using various procedures, external biliary draining and formation of hepaticojejunostomy in accordance to Roux method...
August 2016: Klinichna Khirurhiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653000/updates-in-mirizzi-syndrome
#5
REVIEW
Alan Isaac Valderrama-Treviño, Juan José Granados-Romero, Mariana Espejel-Deloiza, Jonathan Chernitzky-Camaño, Baltazar Barrera Mera, Aranza Guadalupe Estrada-Mata, Jesús Carlos Ceballos-Villalva, Jonathan Acuña Campos, Rubén Argüero-Sánchez
Mirizzi syndrome, known as extrinsic bile compression syndrome, is a rare complication of cholecystitis and chronic cholelithiasis, secondary to the obliteration of the infundibulum of the gallbladder or cystic duct caused by the impact of one or more calculations in these anatomical structures, which leads to compression of the adjacent bile duct, resulting in partial or complete obstruction of the common hepatic duct, triggering liver dysfunction. Our aim is to identify and describe the current epidemiology, diagnostic methods, and treatment of Mirizzi syndrome...
June 2017: Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626373/biliary-pleural-fistula-following-portal-vein-embolization-for-perihilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#6
Mujtaba Mohammed, Katsuhiro Kobayashi, Mohammed Jawed
Biliary-pleural fistula (BPF), an abnormal communication between the biliary tract and pleural space, is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication following percutaneous biliary intervention. We report a case of BPF following portal vein embolization (PVE) in a 79-year-old woman with obstructive jaundice secondary to perihilar cholangiocarcinoma. The patient successfully underwent right-sided PVE; however, the patient developed a symptomatic right-sided bilious pleural effusion the following day...
May 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617876/cholecysto-cutaneous-fistula-in-a-patient-with-biliary-lithiasis
#7
Victor Stoica, Vasile Lungu, Carmen M Preda, Gabriel Constantinescu, Anca Hurduc, Mircea Diculescu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611568/two-anomalies-in-one-a-rare-case-of-an-intrahepatic-gallbladder-with-a-cholecystogastric-fistula
#8
Mohammad F Ali, David Friedel, Galina Levin
The gallbladder can be situated in a variety of anomalous positions. An intrahepatic gallbladder - the second most common ectopic location of the gallbladder - is one that is completely embedded within the liver parenchyma. Described in the literature as early as 1935, intrahepatic gallbladders predominantly result from a developmental anomaly but in some instances have been reported to be secondary to chronic inflammation. The significance of an intrahepatic gallbladder lies in the fact that 60% of the cases are associated with gallstones and may present a challenge for the general surgeon during cholecystectomy and other biliary operations in addition to causing misdiagnosis on imaging...
January 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603823/early-versus-delayed-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-for-lithiasic-acute-cholecystitis-during-emergency-admissions-results-of-a-monocentric-experience-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Mohamed Salah Jarrar, Ibrahim Chouchène, Houssem Fadhl, Rafik Ghrissi, Amine Elghali, Fehmi Ferhi, Hedi Mraidha, Fehmi Hamila, Rached Letaief
BACKGROUND: It is established that the standard treatment for lithiasic acute cholecystitis is the laparoscopic cholecystectomie. However, the question of the timing of cholecystectomy remains controversial. AIM: To compare early laparoscopic cholecystectomies (within 72 hours of symptom onset) and delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomies (beyond 72 hours) for lithiasic acute cholecystitis in terms of intra-operative difficulties and post-operative complications. METHODS: The patients operated on for acute cholecystitis, between January 2007 and December 2012, were included in a retrospective study...
August 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603100/total-closure-of-pancreatic-section-for-end-to-side-pancreaticojejunostomy-decreases-incidence-of-pancreatic-fistula-in-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#10
Yu-Ling Sun, Ya-Lei Zhao, Wen-Qi Li, Rong-Tao Zhu, Wei-Jie Wang, Jian Li, Shuai Huang, Xiu-Xian Ma
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is a serious complication and results in prolonged hospitalization and high mortality. The present study aimed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of total closure of pancreatic section for end-to-side pancreaticojejunostomy in pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). METHODS: This was a prospective randomized clinical trial comparing the outcomes of PD between patients who underwent total closure of pancreatic section for end-to-side pancreaticojejunostomy (Group A) vs those who underwent conventional pancreaticojejunostomy (Group B)...
June 2017: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601317/iatrogenic-injuries-of-the-extrahepatic-biliary-system
#11
Ghodratollah Maddah, Mohammad Taghi Rajabi Mashhadi, Mehdi Parvizi Mashhadi, Mehdi Jabbari Nooghabi, Masoumeh Hassanpour, Abbas Abdollahi
BACKGROUND: Iatrogenic traumatic extrahepatic biliary tract injuries though rarely occur; they can lead to exceedingly morbid complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the management strategies and outcomes of patients presented with iatrogenic bile duct injuries. METHODS: This is a retrospective study. Over 19 y, 124 patients were managed for iatrogenic biliary injuries at our institution. The data related to the etiology of biliary tract injury, symptoms of injury, laboratory and radiologic studies, injury-to-diagnosis time, type of biliary tract injury, injury management, hospitalization time, and postoperative complications were reviewed...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597682/a-bronchobiliary-fistula-due-to-giant-hydatid-cyst
#12
Marcello Di Martino, Claudio Laganá, Jesús Delgado Valdueza, Elena Martín-Pérez
Intrathoracic rupture of hydatid cyst of the liver is a rare but severe complication of echinococcal disease. It represent a serious condition responsible for lesions at 3 levels: hepatic, diaphragmatic, and pulmonary. Early diagnosis and management of septic associated complications are essential. We present the case of a 55 year old female patient with a giant hydatid cyst type CE 2 based on WHO Classification, communicating with the biliary tree and with a massive extension to the right hemithorax.
June 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567453/hemobilia-due-to-arteriobiliary-fistula-complicating-ercp-for-residual-bile-duct-stone-in-a-case-of-mirizzi-syndrome
#13
Surendrakumar Mathur, Vinaykumar Thapar, Vasudev Chowda
Hemobilia is a rare cause of upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding. Most cases are iatrogenic following medical interventions, most commonly liver biopsy and transhepatic cholangiography. We present a case of arteriobiliary fistula between the right hepatic artery and the common hepatic duct, in a case of Mirrizi syndrome, following endoscopic biliary stenting and presenting with hemobilia. The patient was treated by surgical disconnection of the fistula, ligation of the right hepatic artery, and bilioenteric anastomosis...
May 2017: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566617/biliary-pneumonia-due-to-the-presence-of-a-bronchobiliary-fistula
#14
Takeshi Matsumoto, Kojiro Otsuka, Satoshi Kaihara, Keisuke Tomii
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527479/-biliary-anastomosis-in-liver-transplantation-with-or-without-t-tube
#15
Janine Carmelino, Susana Rodrigues, Hugo Pinto Marques, Vasco Ribeiro, Daniel Virella, Marta Alves, Américo Martins, Eduardo Barroso
INTRODUCTION: Biliary complications occur in 10-30% of liver transplants. The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of these complications in liver transplants when the T-tube was or was not used during the biliary anastomosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analysis of 2 groups of patients undergoing liver transplantation between 2008 and 2012. Patients were divided considering if the T-tube was used (G1) or if it was not (G2). We sought explanatory models of the occurrence of biliary complications by logistic regression, including the variables identified in the univariate analysis...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515595/percutaneous-transhepatic-techniques-for-management-of-biliary-anastomotic-strictures-in-living-donor-liver-transplant-recipients
#16
Chinmay B Kulkarni, Nirmal K Prabhu, Nazar P Kader, Ramiah Rajeshkannan, Sreekumar K Pullara, Srikanth Moorthy
AIM: To retrospectively analyze the percutaneous transhepatic techniques and their outcome in the management of biliary strictures in living donor liver transplant (LDLT) recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrieved the hospital records of 400 LDLT recipients between 2007 and 2015 and identified 45 patients with biliary strictures. Among them, 17 patients (37.8%) (Male: female = 13:4; mean age, 36.1 ± 17.5 years) treated by various percutaneous transhepatic biliary techniques alone or in combination with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) were included in the study...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508251/occlusion-of-a-long-term-transpleural-biliary-drainage-tract-using-a-gelatin-pledget-hep-plug-%C3%A2
#17
Nikolas Kortes, Daniel Gnutzmann, Philip Konietzke, Philipp Mayer, Migle Sumkauskaite, Hans-Ulrich Kauczor, Boris A Radeleff
This case describes a technique used to close a long-term 14F transpleural biliary drainage catheter tract to prevent biliopleural fistula and further complications. We deployed a compressed gelatin foam pledget provided in a pre-loaded delivery device (Hep-Plug™) along the intrahepatic tissue tract for sealing it against the pleural cavity. The device used is easy to handle and gives the Interventional Radiologist the possibility to safely manage and prevent complications after percutaneous transhepatic interventions...
May 15, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495458/demonstration-of-a-bronchobiliary-fistula-using-magnetic-resonance-image-with-hepatospecific-contrast-agent
#18
S Baleato-González, C Vieira-Leite, A M Alvárez-Castro, R García-Figueiras
Bronchobiliary fistulas are a rare entity of difficult diagnosis. The utility of magnetic resonance image (MRI) with hepatospecific contrast agents to demonstrate such condition is seldom described in the literature. This case reports a patient with pulmonary infection with a past history of hepatic surgery for hydatid disease in whom the presence of bile in the sputum rose the suspicious of a bronchobiliary fistula. MRI with hepatospecific contrast agents showed the communication between the biliary and bronchial tree and provided anatomic data to allow a therapeutic approach...
May 8, 2017: Radiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476904/oesophageal-stent-placement-to-treat-a-massive-iatrogenic-duodenal-defect-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#19
Alissa Greenbaum, Gulshan Parasher, Gerald Demarest, Edward Auyang
Iatrogenic duodenal injury occurring during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is managed surgically, though rarely a large, persistent fistula is refractory to surgical interventions. We present the case of a 40-year-old woman transferred to our centre following elective LC for a reported perforated duodenal ulcer. An uncontained leak was found to originate from a 1.5 cm duodenal defect, with no evidence of ulceration. A duodenostomy tube was placed. One month after abdominal closure, the patient continued to have a persistent, large duodenal fistula...
May 5, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475221/influence-of-cholangitis-after-preoperative-endoscopic-biliary-drainage-on-postoperative-pancreatic-fistula-in-patients-with-middle-and-lower-malignant-biliary-strictures
#20
Toru Kaneko, Hiroshi Imaizumi, Mitsuhiro Kida, Eiji Miyata, Hiroshi Yamauchi, Kosuke Okuwaki, Tomohisa Iwai, Wasaburo Koizumi
BACKGROUND: Preoperative cholangitis after preoperative drainage has been reported to increase postoperative complications, particularly pancreatic fistula. We therefore examined the effects of cholangitis after preoperative endoscopic biliary drainage (EBD) on postoperative pancreatic fistula in patients with middle and lower malignant biliary strictures. METHODS: The study group comprised 102 patients who underwent EBD among patients who underwent surgery. RESULTS: Of the 102 patients, 33 (32%) had postoperative pancreatic fistulas, and 56 (55%) had preoperative cholangitis after preoperative drainage...
May 5, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
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