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parkinson's disease rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816673/generating-arm-swing-trajectories-in-real-time-using-a-data-driven-model-for-gait-rehabilitation-with-self-selected-speed
#1
Babak Hejrati, Andrew S Merryweather, Jake J Abbott
Gait rehabilitation is often focused on the legs, and overlooks the role of the upper limbs. However, a variety of studies have demonstrated the importance of proper arm swing both during healthy walking and during rehabilitation. In this paper, we describe a method for generating proper arm-swing trajectories in real-time using only measurements of the angular velocity of a person's thighs, to be used during gait rehabilitation with self-selected walking speed. A datadriven linear time-invariant transfer function is developed, using frequency-response methods, which captures the frequencydependent magnitude and phase relationship between the thighs' angular velocities and the arm angles (measured at the shoulder, in the sagittal plane), using a data set of 30 healthy adult subjects...
August 14, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805585/understanding-and-treating-pain-syndromes-in-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Marialuisa Gandolfi, Christian Geroin, Angelo Antonini, Nicola Smania, Michele Tinazzi
Pain affects many people with Parkinson's disease (PD) and diminishes their quality of life. Different types of pain have been described, but their related pathophysiological mechanisms remain unclear. The aim of this chapter is to provide movement disorders specialists an update about the pathophysiology of pain and a practical guide for the management of pain syndromes in clinical practice. This chapter reviews current knowledge on the pathophysiological mechanisms of sensory changes and pain in PD, as well as assessment and treatment procedures to manage these symptoms...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802926/nonmotor-symptoms-and-natural-history-of-parkinson-s-disease-evidence-from-cognitive-dysfunction-and-role-of-noninvasive-interventions
#3
Roberta Biundo, Eleonora Fiorenzato, Angelo Antonini
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by motor and nonmotor symptoms (NMS). Several subsequent studies substantiate the great functional burden related to NMS, their progression, and negative effect on quality of life in PD. Additional evidence indicates interesting relationships between striatal dopaminergic function and NMS. The basal ganglia are implicated in the modulation and integration of sensory information and pain, bladder function is under control of both inhibitory (D1) and facilitatory (D2) dopaminergic inputs, finally reduced dopaminergic activity in the mesocortical and mesolimbic pathways is involved in the development of several NMS including mood, motivational, and cognitive alterations...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793808/the-efficacy-and-feasibility-of-aquatic-physiotherapy-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#4
Aan Fleur Terrens, Sze-Ee Soh, Prue Elizabeth Morgan
PURPOSE: To critically evaluate the literature regarding the efficacy and feasibility of aquatic physiotherapy in people with Parkinson's disease. METHOD: Relevant studies were identified through searches in nine health-related databases. Two independent reviewers assessed study quality using either the PEDro scale or a customised tool for safety and feasibility. RESULTS: Database searches yielded 88 articles, of which 10 met the inclusion criteria...
August 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772130/action-observation-in-the-modification-of-postural-sway-and-gait-theory-and-use-in-rehabilitation
#5
REVIEW
Mitesh Patel
The discovery of cortical neurons responsive to both the observation of another individual's movement and one's own physical movement has spurred scientists into utilising this interplay for rehabilitation. The idea that humans can quickly transfer motor programmes or refine existing motor strategies through observation has only recently gained interest in the context of gait rehabilitation but may offer significant promise as an adjunctive therapy to routine balance training. This review is the first dedicated to action observation in postural control or gait in healthy individuals and patients...
July 24, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770096/italian-validation-of-the-belastungsfragebogen-parkinson-kurzversion-bela-p-k-a-disease-specific-questionnaire-for-evaluation-of-the-subjective-perception-of-quality-of-life-in-parkinson-s-disease
#6
Paola Ortelli, Roberto Maestri, Marianna Zarucchi, Veronica Cian, Elisa Urso, Francesca Giacomello, Davide Ferrazzoli, Giuseppe Frazzitta
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QoL) is the sense of well-being perceived by people. The improvement of parkinsonian patient's QoL is a crucial goal for clinicians involved in rehabilitative care. In order to provide an appropriate endpoint for the assessment of the effectiveness of rehabilitation treatments on QoL of patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD), in this study we have first translated and then validated the Belastungsfragebogen Parkinson kurzversion (BELA-P-k). This tool allows evaluating separately two crucial aspects: i) the loss of personal autonomy in activities of daily life and ii) the psychological and psychosocial impact of the disease...
2017: Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745728/-quality-of-life-of-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-in-the-context-of-professional-work-and-physiotherapy
#7
Joanna Cholewa, Agnieszka Gorzkowska, Agnieszka Nawrocka, Jarosław Cholewa
BACKGROUND: Of many diseases and disorders of the nervous system Parkinson's disease (PD) deserves a particular attention for its specific effects having an impact on the ability to undertake different forms of professional and economic activities. Due to the constantly growing incidence rate and the lowering age of patients, PD is becoming more and more serious social problem. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of professional work and physiotherapy on the quality of live in people with Parkinson's disease...
July 26, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714112/wearables-in-epilepsy-and-parkinson-s-disease-a-focus-group-study
#8
A Ozanne, D Johansson, U Hällgren Graneheim, K Malmgren, F Bergquist, M Alt Murphy
OBJECTIVES: Wearable sensors that measure movement and physiological variables are attractive for clinical evaluation of neurological diseases such as epilepsy and Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of this study was to explore perceptions regarding the use of wearable technology in disease monitoring and management as reported by individuals with epilepsy and Parkinson's disease as well as health professionals working with these patient groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six patient groups (n=25) and two groups with health professionals (n=15) participated in this qualitative, descriptive study with focus group interviews...
July 16, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713038/assessment-of-sexual-function-in-women-with-neurological-disorders-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Frédérique Courtois, Marina Gérard, Kathleen Charvier, David B Vodušek, Gérard Amarenco
BACKGROUND: Although the rehabilitation of sexual function has been identified as a top priority among women presenting neurological conditions, sexual function is rarely assessed in this clinical group. OBJECTIVES: To review published assessment tools of sexual dysfunction in women with neurological conditions including multiple sclerosis (MS), spinal cord injury (SCI), Parkinson disease, stroke, traumatic brain injury. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted with Medline via PubMed, PubMed Central, and Medline databases...
July 13, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712331/feasibility-and-efficacy-of-mat-pilates-on-people-with-mild-to-moderate-parkinson-s-disease-a-preliminary-study
#10
Jose Maria Cancela, Irimia Mollinedo, Carlos Ayán Perez, Iris Machado de Oliveira
OBJECTIVES: This pilot study aimed at assessing the feasibility and efficacy of a Mat Pilates program in people with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease. Equipment and methods: The participants carried out a Mat Pilates program twice a week for 12 weeks. The Senior Fitness Test battery and the 39-item Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire were used to assess the effects of the program on the participants' fitness level and quality of life. RESULTS: A total of 16 patients with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease volunteered and finished the study...
July 16, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694221/nordic-walking-for-the-management-of-people-with-parkinson-disease-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Lucia Cugusi, Andrea Manca, Daniele Dragone, Franca Deriu, Paolo Solla, Claudio Secci, Marco Monticone, Giuseppe Mercuro
BACKGROUND: It is well known that physical exercise is the main therapeutic element of rehabilitation programs for people with Parkinson disease (PD). As traditional forms of exercise can guarantee significant health benefits, the emergence of nonconventional physical activities, such as Nordic walking (NW), may add positive effects. OBJECTIVE: To appraise the available evidence on the main effects of NW in the rehabilitation programs for people with PD and to propose a design for upcoming research that might improve the uniformity of future trials...
July 8, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676466/brazilian-samba-protocol-for-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-clinical-non-randomized-study
#12
Ana Cristina Tillmann, Alexandro Andrade, Alessandra Swarowsky, Adriana Coutinho De Azevedo Guimarães
BACKGROUND: In the 10 most populated countries in the world, Parkinson's disease (PD) affects more than 5 million individuals. Despite optimal treatment options already developed for the disease, concomitant involvement of other areas of health care plays an important role in complementing the treatment. From this perspective, dancing can be viewed as a non-drug alternative that can reduce falls by improving some motor skills, such as mobility, balance, gait, and posture, and can also improve the overall quality of life...
July 4, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663005/music-based-interventions-in-neurological-rehabilitation
#13
REVIEW
Aleksi J Sihvonen, Teppo Särkämö, Vera Leo, Mari Tervaniemi, Eckart Altenmüller, Seppo Soinila
During the past ten years, an increasing number of controlled studies have assessed the potential rehabilitative effects of music-based interventions, such as music listening, singing, or playing an instrument, in several neurological diseases. Although the number of studies and extent of available evidence is greatest in stroke and dementia, there is also evidence for the effects of music-based interventions on supporting cognition, motor function, or emotional wellbeing in people with Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, or multiple sclerosis...
August 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661865/health-benefits-of-tai-chi-what-is-the-evidence
#14
REVIEW
Patricia Huston, Bruce McFarlane
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the evidence on the health benefits of tai chi. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: A literature review was conducted on the benefits of tai chi for 25 specific conditions, as well as for general health and fitness, to update a 2014 review of systematic reviews. Systematic reviews and recent clinical trials were assessed and organized into 5 different groups: evidence of benefit as excellent, good, fair, or preliminary, or evidence of no direct benefit...
November 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646914/markerless-motion-capture-systems-as-training-device-in-neurological-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-of-their-use-application-target-population-and-efficacy
#15
REVIEW
Els Knippenberg, Jonas Verbrugghe, Ilse Lamers, Steven Palmaers, Annick Timmermans, Annemie Spooren
BACKGROUND: Client-centred task-oriented training is important in neurological rehabilitation but is time consuming and costly in clinical practice. The use of technology, especially motion capture systems (MCS) which are low cost and easy to apply in clinical practice, may be used to support this kind of training, but knowledge and evidence of their use for training is scarce. The present review aims to investigate 1) which motion capture systems are used as training devices in neurological rehabilitation, 2) how they are applied, 3) in which target population, 4) what the content of the training and 5) efficacy of training with MCS is...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637142/feasibility-of-a-cognitive-strategy-training-intervention-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Erin R Foster, Daniel Spence, Joan Toglia
PURPOSE: To investigate the feasibility of a novel client-centered cognitive strategy training intervention for people with Parkinson's disease (PD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a case series of seven people with PD without dementia but with subjective cognitive decline. The intervention involved ≥5 treatment sessions at the participant's home. Participant acceptance and engagement were assessed by the Credibility/Expectancy Questionnaire (CEQ), Client Satisfaction Questionnaire (CSQ), enjoyment and effort ratings, and homework completion...
February 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629269/aquatic-obstacle-training-improves-freezing-of-gait-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Zhizhong Zhu, Miaomiao Yin, Liling Cui, Ying Zhang, Weijia Hou, Yaqing Li, Hua Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the effect of aquatic obstacle training on balance parameters in comparison with a traditional aquatic therapy in patients with Parkinson's disease. DESIGN: A randomized single-blind controlled trial. SETTING: Outpatients in the rehabilitation department. SUBJECTS: A total of 46 patients with Parkinson's disease in Hoehn-Yahr stage 2-3. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomly assigned to (1) aquatic therapy or (2) obstacle aquatic therapy...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626755/can-rehabilitation-influence-the-efficiency-of-control-signals-in-complex-motion-strategies
#18
Joanna Cholewa, Jaroslaw Cholewa, Agnieszka Gorzkowska, Andrzej Malecki, Arkadiusz Stanula
The factor determining quality of life in Parkinson's disease (PD) is the worsening of a patient's walking ability. The use of external stimuli can improve gait when performing complex motor patterns. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of rehabilitation on the effectiveness of control signals in people with PD. The study was performed on 42 people with idiopathic PD in the third stage of disease. The control group consisted of 19 patients who did not participate in rehabilitation activities. The experimental group was systematically participating in rehabilitation activities twice a week (60 minutes) for 9 months...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615996/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-safety-and-efficacy-of-creatine-supplementation-in-exercise-sport-and-medicine
#19
REVIEW
Richard B Kreider, Douglas S Kalman, Jose Antonio, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Robert Wildman, Rick Collins, Darren G Candow, Susan M Kleiner, Anthony L Almada, Hector L Lopez
Creatine is one of the most popular nutritional ergogenic aids for athletes. Studies have consistently shown that creatine supplementation increases intramuscular creatine concentrations which may help explain the observed improvements in high intensity exercise performance leading to greater training adaptations. In addition to athletic and exercise improvement, research has shown that creatine supplementation may enhance post-exercise recovery, injury prevention, thermoregulation, rehabilitation, and concussion and/or spinal cord neuroprotection...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606769/computer-assisted-cognitive-rehabilitation-on-freezing-of-gait-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-pilot-study
#20
Valeria Dibilio, Alessandra Nicoletti, Giovanni Mostile, Giacomo Portaro, Antonina Luca, Francesco Patti, Mario Zappia
BACKGROUND: In Parkinson's Disease (PD), effects of a cognitive training have been systematically evaluated only for cognitive and behavioral outcome measures, with mild to moderate effects. Despite the demonstrated interplay between cognition and gait, no studies have investigated the effect of cognitive rehabilitation protocols on gait in PD. METHODS: Patients affected by PD with freezing of gait were treated twice a week for six weeks with one hour sessions of computer-assisted training of attention ability and information processing tasks...
July 27, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
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