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parkinson's disease rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782477/sociodemographic-factors-affecting-the-disease-acceptance-and-the-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-preliminary-study
#1
Joanna Rosińczuk, Aleksandra Pytel, Aleksandra Kołtuniuk
PURPOSE: Parkinson's disease (PD) significantly affects functioning of patients, thereby lowering their quality of life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of sociodemographic variables on illness acceptance and quality of life in patients with idiopathic PD. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional research study. METHODS: The study was conducted with 50 patients with PD. The diagnostic survey method was applied for the purposes of this study with the use of the Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire, the Acceptance of Illness Scale, and a study-specific demographic questionnaire that included questions about sociodemographic data...
May 19, 2018: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779721/evaluation-of-an-ontology-based-system-for-computerized-cognitive-rehabilitation
#2
Anna Alloni, Silvana Quaglini, Silvia Panzarasa, Elena Sinforiani, Sara Bernini
OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the results of a randomized clinical trial about the effectiveness of a computerized rehabilitation treatment on a sample of 31 patients affected by Parkinson disease. METHODS: Computerized exercises were administered by the therapists to the intervention group (n = 17) through the CoRe tool, which automatically generates a big variety of exercises leveraging on a stimuli set (words, sounds and images) organized into a dedicated ontology...
July 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778064/is-the-limit-cycle-attractor-an-almost-invariable-characteristic-in-human-walking
#3
Kim-Charline Broscheid, Christian Dettmers, Manfred Vieten
BACKGROUND: Common methods of gait analyses measure step length/width, gait velocity and gait variability to name just a few. Those parameters tend to be changing with fitness and skill of the subjects. But, do stable subject characteristic parameters in walking exist? Does the Limit-Cycle-Attractor qualify as such a parameter?. RESEARCH QUESTION: The attractor method is a new approach focusing on the dynamics of human motion. It classifies the fundamental walking pattern by calculating the Limit-Cycle-Attractor and its variability from acceleration data of the feet...
May 16, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774765/-staying-safe-a-narrative-review-of-falls-prevention-in-people-with-parkinson-s-pdsafe
#4
Sophia Hulbert, Lynn Rochester, Alice Nieuwboer, Vicki Goodwin, Carolyn Fitton, Kim Chivers-Seymour, Ann Ashburn
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease demonstrates a spectrum of motor and non-motor symptoms. Falling is common and disabling. Current medical management shows minimal impact to reduce falls or fall-related risk factors, such as deficits in gait, strength, and postural instability. Despite evidence supporting rehabilitation in reducing fall risk factors, the most appropriate intervention to reduce overall fall rate remains inconclusive. This article aims to 1) synthesise current evidence and conceptual models of falls rehabilitation in Parkinson's in a narrative review; and based on this evidence, 2) introduce the treatment protocol used in the falls prevention and multi-centre clinical trial "PDSAFE"...
May 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764704/current-understanding-of-neuroinflammation-after-traumatic-brain-injury-and-cell-based-therapeutic-opportunities
#5
REVIEW
Ye Xiong, Asim Mahmood, Michael Chopp
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains a major cause of death and disability worldwide. Increasing evidence indicates that TBI is an important risk factor for neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Despite improved supportive and rehabilitative care of TBI patients, unfortunately, all late phase clinical trials in TBI have yet to yield a safe and effective neuroprotective treatment. The disappointing clinical trials may be attributed to variability in treatment approaches and heterogeneity of the population of TBI patients as well as a race against time to prevent or reduce inexorable cell death...
April 24, 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745627/neurophysiological-and-clinical-effects-of-blinfolded-balance-training-bbt-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients-a-preliminary-study
#6
Sonia Bonnì, Viviana Ponzo, Marco Tramontano, Alex Martino Cinnera, Carlo Caltagirone, Giacomo Koch, Antonella Peppe
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence support the hypothesis that rehabilitative strategies based on sensorimotor stimulation in the neurorehabilitation of Parkinson's Disease (PD) may be useful to improve gait in PD patients. AIM: We supposed that sensorimotor stimulation produce modulation of Anticipatory Postural Adjustments (APAs) arising from the supplementary motor area (SMA). We aimed to investigate the clinical and neurophysiological effects of a blindfolded balance training (BBT)...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745307/a-dance-program-to-improve-gait-and-balance-in-individuals-with-chronic-stroke-a-feasibility-study
#7
Kara K Patterson, Jennifer S Wong, Thi-Ut Nguyen, Dina Brooks
Background and Objective Despite gains made with rehabilitation, gait and balance remain limited post-stroke. Dance is a fun and motivating activity which has shown benefits in individuals with Parkinson's disease. The purpose of this article is to investigate the feasibility of a dance program for individuals with chronic stroke. Methods Pre-post intervention feasibility study where twenty individuals with chronic stroke participated in a dance class twice a week for 10 weeks. Feasibility measures included interest, enrollment, attendance, adverse events, and participant satisfaction...
May 10, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733882/basal-ganglia-and-beyond-the-interplay-between-motor-and-cognitive-aspects-in-parkinson-s-disease-rehabilitation
#8
REVIEW
Davide Ferrazzoli, Paola Ortelli, Graziella Madeo, Nir Giladi, Giselle M Petzinger, Giuseppe Frazzitta
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by motor and cognitive dysfunctions, affecting the motor behaviour. We summarize evidence that the interplay between motor and cognitive approaches is crucial in PD rehabilitation. Rehabilitation is complementary to pharmacological therapy and effective in reducing the PD disturbances, probably acting by inducing neuroplastic effects. The motor behaviour results from a complex integration between cortical and subcortical areas, underlying the motor, cognitive and motivational aspects of movement...
May 4, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725348/dynamic-neuro-cognitive-imagery-improves-mental-imagery-ability-disease-severity-and-motor-and-cognitive-functions-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Amit Abraham, Ariel Hart, Isaac Andrade, Madeleine E Hackney
People with Parkinson's disease (PD) experience kinesthetic deficits, which affect motor and nonmotor functions, including mental imagery. Imagery training is a recommended, yet underresearched, approach in PD rehabilitation. Dynamic Neuro-Cognitive Imagery (DNI™) is a codified method for imagery training. Twenty subjects with idiopathic PD (Hoehn and Yahr stages I-III) were randomly allocated into DNI training (experimental; n = 10) or in-home learning and exercise program (control; n = 10). Both groups completed at least 16 hours of training within two weeks...
2018: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720544/advantages-of-virtual-reality-in-the-rehabilitation-of-balance-and-gait-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Desiderio Cano Porras, Petra Siemonsma, Rivka Inzelberg, Gabriel Zeilig, Meir Plotnik
BACKGROUND: Virtual reality (VR) has emerged as a therapeutic tool facilitating motor learning for balance and gait rehabilitation. The evidence, however, has not yet resulted in standardized guidelines. The aim of this study was to systematically review the application of VR-based rehabilitation of balance and gait in 6 neurologic cohorts, describing methodologic quality, intervention programs, and reported efficacy. METHODS: This study follows the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses...
May 2, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706993/instrumental-or-physical-exercise-rehabilitation-of-balance-improves-both-balance-and-gait-in-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Marica Giardini, Antonio Nardone, Marco Godi, Simone Guglielmetti, Ilaria Arcolin, Fabrizio Pisano, Marco Schieppati
We hypothesised that rehabilitation specifically addressing balance in Parkinson's disease patients might improve not only balance but locomotion as well. Two balance-training protocols (standing on a moving platform and traditional balance exercises) were assessed by assigning patients to two groups (Platform, n = 15, and Exercises, n = 17). The platform moved periodically in the anteroposterior, laterolateral, and oblique direction, with and without vision in different trials. Balance exercises were based on the Otago Exercise Program...
2018: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706722/the-jfk-big-study-the-impact-of-lsvt-big-%C3%A2-on-dual-task-walking-and-mobility-in-persons-with-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Sara Isaacson, Ashley O'Brien, Jennifer D Lazaro, Arlen Ray, Gerard Fluet
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that Lee Silverman Voice Treatment-BIG decreases the negative impact of hypokinesia on dual task performance in persons with Parkinson's disease. [Subjects and Methods] The records of 114 patients with Parkinson's admitted to outpatient rehabilitation at a suburban hospital were reviewed. Demographics and data for 8 outcome measures were extracted for subjects that completed 14 of 16 sessions of BIG. 93 of these subjects had records of pre and post-test Timed Up and Go, Timed Up and Go Motor, and Timed Up and Go Cognitive scores...
April 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696627/subjective-and-psychological-well-being-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#13
F Vescovelli, D Sarti, C Ruini
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to summarize studies investigating subjective and psychological well-being in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic and integrative review according to PRISMA criteria was performed with a literature search from inception up to September 2017 in multidisciplinary databases (PubMED, Scopus, Web of Knowledge) by combining together key words related to PD and well-being. Studies were included if: their full-text was available; they involved PD patients; focused on the selected positive dimensions; written in English...
April 25, 2018: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686121/author-response-utilization-of-rehabilitation-therapy-services-in-parkinson-disease-in-the-united-states
#14
Michelle E Fullard, Allison W Willis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686120/reader-response-utilization-of-rehabilitation-therapy-services-in-parkinson-disease-in-the-united-states
#15
Mon S Bryant, Elizabeth J Protas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686119/editors-note-utilization-of-rehabilitation-therapy-services-in-parkinson-disease-in-the-united-states
#16
Chafic Karam, Steven Galetta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681829/dysphagia-causes-symptom-fluctuations-after-oral-l-dopa-treatment-in-a-patient-with-parkinson-disease
#17
Hiromasa Sato, Toshiyuki Yamamoto, Masako Sato, Yoshihiko Furusawa, Miho Murata
Objective: The causes of "delayed-on" and "no-on" phenomena in Parkinson disease (PD) are thought to have some impact on the progress of L-DOPA from the time of ingestion until it reaches the brain and is converted to dopamine. Dysphagia can cause fluctuating symptom expression in L-DOPA therapy for PD. Case Description: A 69-year-old man with PD presented with "delayed-on" and "no-on" phenomena. The patient developed a gait disorder at age 60 years, and he began coughing on his food during breakfast at age 64 years...
January 2018: Case Reports in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629527/an-8-week-low-intensity-progressive-cycling-training-improves-motor-functions-in-patients-with-early-stage-parkinson-s-disease
#18
Hsiu Chen Chang, Chin Song Lu, Wei Da Chiou, Chiung Chu Chen, Yi Hsin Weng, Ya Ju Chang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The effects of high-intensity cycling as an adjuvant therapy for early-stage Parkinson's disease (PD) were highlighted recently. However, patients experience difficulties in maintaining these cycling training programs. The present study investigated the efficacy of cycling at a mild-to-moderate intensity in early-stage PD. METHODS: Thirteen PD patients were enrolled for 16 serial cycling sessions over a 2-month period. Motor function was assessed using the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale part III (UPDRS III) and Timed Up and Go (TUG) test as primary outcomes...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614698/cognitive-rehabilitation-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#19
Hamad Alzahrani, Annalena Venneri
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairments are the most common non-motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD). These symptoms have a negative impact on patients' quality of life and daily living activities. This review will focus on published articles that investigated the efficacy of cognitive rehabilitation in PD. OBJECTIVES: To review the existing literature on the efficacy of cognitive rehabilitation in PD and highlight the most effective form of intervention to prevent cognitive decline...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571090/impaired-set-shifting-is-associated-with-previous-falls-in-individuals-with-and-without-parkinson-s-disease
#20
J Lucas McKay, Kimberly C Lang, Lena H Ting, Madeleine E Hackney
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) are at increased risk for falls, which lead to substantial morbidity and mortality. Understanding the motor and non-motor impairments associated with falls in PD is critical to informing prevention strategies. In addition to motor symptoms, individuals with PD exhibit non-motor deficits, including impaired set shifting, an aspect of executive function related to cognitive flexibility that can be measured quickly with the Trailmaking Test...
March 6, 2018: Gait & Posture
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