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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237254/the-impact-of-skin-problems-on-the-quality-of-life-in-patients-treated-with-anticancer-agents-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Jaewon Lee, Jin Lim, Jong Seo Park, Miso Kim, Tae-Yong Kim, Tae Min Kim, Kyung-Hun Lee, Bhumsuk Keam, Sae-Won Han, Je-Ho Mun, Kwang Hyun Cho, Seong Jin Jo
Purpose: Patients treated with anticancer agents often experience a variety of treatment-related skin problems, which can impair their quality of life. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and clinical information were evaluated in patients under active anticancer treatment using a questionnaire survey and their medical records review. Result: Of 375 evaluated subjects with anticancer therapy, 136 (36...
December 14, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231263/a-prospective-controlled-trial-comparing-xenograft-autogenous-bone-and-collagen-stabilized-xenograft-for-maxillary-sinus-augmentation-complications-patient-reported-outcomes-and-volumetric-analysis
#2
Jamil Alayan, Saso Ivanovski
OBJECTIVE: Compare maxillary sinus augmentation (MSA) using two different materials-anorganic bovine bone mineral (ABBM) + autogenous bone (AB) (control group) vs. collagen-stabilized ABBM (test group) in terms of complications, patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and volumetric analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients underwent sinus augmentation (30 control + 30 test group). Intra- and postoperative complications were recorded. PROMs measured the impact of grafting on daily activities, pain and morbidity...
December 12, 2017: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231023/-analysis-on-the-injury-mechanism-and-characteristics-of-ox-horn
#3
W L Zhang, Y L Du
OBJECTIVES: To study the morphological characteristics of the injury caused by ox horn on human body and its injury mechanism, and to discuss the rules and characteristics of injury by ox horn and provide forensic evidences for identification of such cases. METHODS: The comparative analysis of position and morphological characteristics were performed by summarizing the data of 100 victims gored by ox accepted by Heilongjiang agricultural areas public security bureau during 2004-2014...
April 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224980/factors-responsible-for-the-post-slaughter-loss-of-carcass-and-offal-s-in-abattoirs-in-south-africa
#4
Ishmael Festus Jaja, Borden Mushonga, Ezekiel Green, Voster Muchenje
Global demand for food is surging upward due to the expansion of human population. Hence food production and supply need to double with little or no waste to meet this demand. Food loss at any point in the farm to fork chain inhibits the stability of food security at household and national level. A retrospective (AR) and a post mortem meat inspection (PMMI) study to identify major causes of offal and carcass condemnation was conducted in three abattoirs namely, Adeliade, Queenstown and East London abattoirs represented as AD, QT, and EL respectively...
December 7, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202350/case-report-ectopic-cushing-s-syndrome-in-a-young-male-with-hidden-lung-carcinoid-tumor
#5
Ghanem Aljassem, Hazem Aljasem
INTRODUCTION: Ectopic Cushing syndrome is a form of Cushing's in which a tumor outside the pituitary gland produces adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). Small cell carcinoma and carcinoid of the lung comprises half of its cases. The main purpose of this study is to present a case of ectopic Cushing syndrome caused by a hidden lung carcinoid and how to manage it. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Here we present a case of a 26year old young male complains of increased weight and appetite, proximal muscle weakness, easy bruising and appearing of purple striae on his abdomen, with a final diagnosis of ACTH secreting lung carcinoid...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194055/hinged-lids-and-fatal-head-entrapment-in-early-childhood
#6
Roger W Byard, Allan D Cala
Young children are at risk of head entrapment because they often do not understand potentially dangerous situations or have the intellectual or physical capabilities to self-extricate. Two cases of head entrapment due to hinged lids are presented to demonstrate another rare lethal situation specific to the very young. Case 1 was a 14-month-old boy found suspended by his neck in a semikneeling position under a toilet seat. A horizontal linear bruise measuring 0.6 × 20 mm was present on the right side of the neck with petechial hemorrhages of the forehead...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194053/cervical-injuries-in-drowning-cases-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-literature
#7
Maroua Boussaid, Mohamed Amin Mesrati, Yosra Mahjoub, Nidhal Haj Salem, Abdelfateh Zakhama, Ali Chadly, Adnen Moussa, Abir Aissaoui
Discovery of bruises in the muscles of the neck and a fracture of the hyoid bone in a body recovered from water makes the diagnosis and the determination of the manner of death difficult.The aims of this work are to report a case of a drowned body with cervical injuries and to highlight the importance of interpreting these findings accurately.A 39-year-old woman was found dead face down in a 6-m deep well with a 3-m water level. She was mentally disturbed and had a history of suicide attempts. In fact, she had previously attempted to jump into that well in an attempt to put an end to her life...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187941/-accidents-of-the-everyday-life-acvc-in-children-in-dakar-about-201-cases
#8
Azhar Salim Mohamed, Aloïse Sagna, Mbaye Fall, Ndeye Aby Ndoye, Papa Alassane Mbaye, Aimé Lakh Fall, Alou Diaby, Oumar Ndour, Gabriel Ngom
Accidents of everyday life (AcVC) are common in children and can led to disabling injuries and death. This study aimed to analyze the epidemiological aspects of AcVC and the related injury mechanisms in Dakar. We conducted a descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted from 1 January 2013 to 30 June 2013. All the children victims of domestic accidents, sport and leisure accidents or school accidents were included. We studied some general parameters and some parameters related to each type of AcVC. Two hundred and one children were included, accounting for 27% of emergency consultations...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183280/using-a-monitoring-and-evaluation-framework-to-improve-study-efficiency-and-quality-during-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-infants-receiving-rotavirus-vaccination-in-el-alto-bolivia-the-infant-nutrition-inflammation-and-diarrheal-illness-nidi-study
#9
Anna M Aceituno, Kaitlyn K Stanhope, Paulina A Rebolledo, Rachel M Burke, Rita Revollo, Volga Iñiguez, Parminder S Suchdev, Juan S Leon
BACKGROUND: Implementing rigorous epidemiologic studies in low-resource settings involves challenges in participant recruitment and follow-up (e.g., mobile populations, distrust), biological sample collection (e.g., cold-chain, laboratory equipment scarcity) and data collection (e.g., literacy, staff training, and infrastructure). This article describes the use of a monitoring and evaluation (M&E) framework to improve study efficiency and quality during participant engagement, and biological sample and data collection in a longitudinal cohort study of Bolivian infants...
November 28, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173678/blunt-cardiac-trauma-review
#10
REVIEW
Maite A Huis In 't Veld, Colin A Craft, Robert E Hood
Patients suffering blunt cardiac trauma vary widely in the severity of their condition on presentation. Although some may present with mild sternal bruising, others may present with acute valvular rupture or malignant arrhythmia. Disposition for these patients ranges from discharge home to admission for urgent cardiac surgery. This article discusses some of the common types of blunt cardiac trauma and reviews the current literature and guidelines for their triage and initial management.
February 2018: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172172/visualization-of-old-bruises-in-children-use-of-violet-light-to-record-long-term-bruises
#11
Sohtaro Mimasaka, Toru Oshima, Maki Ohtani
When a child consultation center evaluates abused children, evidence of the abuse must be documented. Children who have suffered physical abuse often have bruises, which cannot be confirmed by visualization when the bruise has healed. In forensics, a method to confirm an old bruise by ultraviolet radiation is possible. However, long-term ultraviolet exposure can be harmful. In this study, we observed 15 bruises on healthy volunteer children using four kinds of light sources, including ultraviolet radiation, over time...
November 16, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170344/47%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-analgesic-efficacy-and-safety-profile-of-single-injection-fascia-iliaca-compartment-blocks-in-the-acute-pre-operative-pain-management-of-hip-fractures
#12
Fiqry Fadhlillah, David Chan
BACKGROUND: It is hypothesised that a single injection fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB) administered in the pre-operative setting provides better analgesic control for traumatic hip fractures and is not associated with major adverse effects. Systemic analgesics, whilst effective, could lead to cardiovascular, respiratory and cognitive impairment. As a consequence, undertreatment of acute pain remains prevalent in adult patients with hip fractures, with a consistent decline seen in analgesic administration with age...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154071/clinical-effects-of-zingiber-cassumunar-plai-a-systematic-review
#13
Bunchai Chongmelaxme, Rosarin Sruamsiri, Piyameth Dilokthornsakul, Teerapon Dhippayom, Chuenjid Kongkaew, Surasak Saokaew, Anchalee Chuthaputti, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
Zingiber cassumunar Roxb. known locally as "Plai" in Thai, has been used for treating bruise, sprain and musculoskeletal pain. Several pre-clinical studies demonstrated the anti-inflammatory effect of Plai. However, current evidence of clinical effects of Plai is still unclear. This study aimed to determine the clinical efficacy and safety of Plai among all identified indications. Of the 808 articles identified by a systematic review, six studies were included. Four studies were randomized controlled trials, while two studies were quasi-experimental studies involving 178 patients in intervention group and 177 patients in control group...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153227/effect-of-changing-the-duration-of-keeping-sandbag-over-catheter-insertion-site-on-the-coronary-angiography-acute-complications-a-controlled-clinical-trial
#14
Mohammad Fathi, Sina Valiee, Parvin Mahmoodi
Transfemoral coronary angiography may cause acute and chronic complications. The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of changing the duration of keeping sandbag over the catheter insertion site on the acute complications of coronary angiography. This quasiexperimental study was conducted on 60 patients undergoing transfemoral coronary angiography. Participants were selected using convenience sampling and were randomly assigned to intervention (n = 30) or control group (n = 30). In the intervention group, the sandbag over the insertion site of catheter was taken off at the third hour, whereas in the control group, based on the routine care, sandbag was taken off at the sixth hour after the angiography...
December 2017: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132955/injuries-from-physical-abuse-national-survey-of-children-s-exposure-to-violence-i-iii
#15
Thomas R Simon, Anne Shattuck, Akadia Kacha-Ochana, Corinne F David-Ferdon, Sherry Hamby, Megan Henly, Melissa T Merrick, Heather A Turner, David Finkelhor
INTRODUCTION: Official data sources do not provide researchers, practitioners, and policy makers with complete information on physical injury from child abuse. This analysis provides a national estimate of the percentage of children who were injured during their most recent incident of physical abuse. METHODS: Pooled data from three cross-sectional national telephone survey samples (N=13,052 children) included in the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence completed in 2008, 2011, and 2014 were used...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128952/effects-of-acupuncture-on-cancer-related-fatigue-a-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Yan Zhang, Lu Lin, Huiling Li, Yan Hu, Li Tian
PURPOSE: This study was designed to critically evaluate the effect of acupuncture on cancer-related fatigue (CRF). METHODS: Seven databases (Cochrane Library, Embase, Medline, Web of Science, CBM, Wanfang, and CNKI) were systematically reviewed from inception to November 2016 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Two reviewers critically and independently assessed the risk of bias using Cochrane Collaboration criteria and extracted correlated data using the designed form...
November 11, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123835/ambulance-dispatches-to-schools-during-a-5-year-period-in-fukui-prefecture
#17
Yoshikazu Takinami, Shinji Maeda
Aim: To determine the characteristics and trends of medical emergencies during school activities by analyzing information provided by fire departments. Methods: During a 5-year period from January 2009 to December 2013, all nine fire departments in Fukui Prefecture handled 850 emergencies at schools. We investigated the 850 cases with the age range of 0-63 years. Results: It was found that 21.5% of ambulance dispatches to schools were on weekends and there were more dispatches for non-faculty members of all age groups on weekends than on weekdays...
January 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114302/contrecoup-extradural-hematoma-with-coronal-suture-diastasis
#18
Pratap Chandra Nath, Sudhansu Sekhar Mishra, Manmath Kumar Dhir, Rama Chandra Deo, Bikash Ranjan Behera, Sitansu Kumar Rout
Extradural hematoma (EDH) generally occurs in the site of impact, that is, coup injury site. EDH is associated with fracture of skull in many a times due to direct impact. However, EDH in counter coup site is a rare occurrence. Hardly, yet, 12 cases have been reported including this case. Here, we reported a case of a 22-year-old male of contrecoup acute EDH who had sustained head injury due to fall from bike. Physical examination revealed direct impact at the left occipito-parietal region with laceration of scalp and bruise with transient loss of consciousness at the time of injury...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107481/physical-examination-is-the-best-predictor-of-the-need-for-abdominal-surgery-in-children-following-motor-vehicle-collision
#19
Natalie A Drucker, Lucas McDuffie, Eric Groh, Jodi Hackworth, Teresa M Bell, Troy A Markel
BACKGROUND: Exploratory laparotomy in children after motor vehicle collision (MVC) is rare. In the absence of definitive hemorrhage or free abdominal air on radiographic imaging, predictors for operative exploration are conflicting. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore objective findings that may aid in determining which children require operative abdominal exploration after MVC. METHODS: Data from 2010-2014 at an American College of Surgeons-certified level 1 pediatric trauma center were retrospectively reviewed...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095703/sudden-death-due-to-cystic-tumor-of-the-atrioventricular-node-and-fibromuscular-dysplasia-involving-branches-of-the-coronary-arteries
#20
Silvia Farkašová Iannaccone, Daniel Farkaš, Alžbeta Ginelliová, Marián Švajdler, Ján Laco, Ivo Šteiner, Lucia Fröhlichová
In this paper, we report the autopsy findings of a 42-year-old White male who was found deceased at his home by his brother in the early morning hours with a history of excessive alcohol consumption 1 day before his death. A medical record review revealed chronic alcohol use with alcohol dependence syndrome, hypertension, and cardiac arrhythmias by electrocardiogram 2 years prior. External examination revealed only a single bruise on the forehead. Internal examination revealed changes associated with chronic alcohol abuse and mild atherosclerosis...
November 2, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
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