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Fang-Gui Sun, De-Xin Wang, Yu-Tong Hu, Rong-Ming Xu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the curative effect and the recessive loss of blooding of PFNA for the treatment of intertrochanteric fractures of femur. METHODS: From January 2012 to January 2015, a total of 49 patients with intertrochanteric fractures of femur were treated with proximal femoral anti-rotation nail including 41 males and 8 females with an average age of 79 years old ranging from 65 to 91 years old. According to the modified Evans type, 1 case was type I, 12 cases were type II, 36 cases were type III...
October 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Ahmet Gökyar, Cengiz Cokluk
Objective: The aim of this experimental study was to evaluate the feasibility of using fresh cadaveric cow brain as in a training model for microsurgical dissection of sulcus, cisterns, and fissure. Methods: Experimental microneurosurgical activities in this study were performed under the operating microscope. Bilateral sylvian cisterns, interhemispheric fissure, and hemispheric sulcus of the fresh cadaveric cow brain were used as an interested area for this experimental study...
January 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Gwenda Delanghe, Waney Squier, Michel Sonnaert, Jeroen Dudink, Maarten Lequin, Paul Govaert
A specific type of acute brain injury can occur during birth, presenting on ultrasound examination with focal, unilateral, or asymmetrical change in the core of the superior frontal gyri. Ultrasound inspection of the superior gyri near the convexity of the frontal lobe is warranted following mechanically difficult delivery.
February 2018: Clinical Case Reports
Lucia Tattoli, Michael Tsokos, Claas Buschmann
Patterned bruising of the internal organs is unusual. In these cases a cutaneous pattern of bruising is not observed but the underlying tissue may show unusual injuries that may even be recognizable as a tramline pattern. We report the suicide of a 23-year-old man by jumping off a bridge. At autopsy, an unusual finding was "tramline" bruising of the right liver lobe. The "blunt objects" that inflicted the bruising were determined to be the right ribs which were pushed against the liver capsule as a consequence of the extensive thoracic and vertebral trauma after a fall from a height with intermediate impact...
February 13, 2018: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
Michelle Louise Hall, Angela Claire Mackie, Daniel Cury Ribeiro
QUESTION: What is the effectiveness and what are the adverse effects. DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with shoulder or upper extremity pain or dysfunction. INTERVENTION: Trigger point dry needling (TDN) compared to control, another intervention or another needling technique. OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcome measures included shoulder or upper limb pain, shoulder or upper limb dysfunction...
August 7, 2017: Physiotherapy
Mary Rodriguez-Ziccardi, Manolo Rubio, Marvin Lu, Allan Greenspan
Anagrelide is a phosphodiesterase-3 inhibitor used in the treatment of essential thrombocythaemia. Cardiovascular side effects such as ventricular tachycardia and cardiomyopathy are rare but potentially fatal and should be made known to patients before starting the medication. It usually arises within the first 6 months after initiation of therapy and may be dose related. The elderly population are particularly susceptible. These cardiotoxicities result from an increase in cyclic AMP that induces positive inotropic and chronotropic effects and are often reversible with cessation of use...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Janice J C Cheung, Shasha Liu, Kenneth K W Li
INTRODUCTION: An increasing number of patients are taking novel oral anticoagulant (NOAC) medication, making perioperative management in phacoemulsification surgery an important issue. This study reports the haemorrhagic complications of NOAC in phacoemulsification surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective case study over a 4-year period. METHODS: Consecutive cases receiving NOAC during the time of phacoemulsification were reviewed. Patients were either advised to continue medications (continued group) or withhold medications before surgery (withheld group)...
February 13, 2018: International Ophthalmology
Nicholas Poponea, Mohanad Suede, Mohammad Muhsin Chisti
We report a 74-year-old female who presented to the emergency department complaining of bruising and stroke-like symptoms. She underwent a negative stroke work-up but was found to have profoundly low platelets and splenomegaly on examination. An abdominal CT scan was ordered, showing pelvic lymphadenopathy. Lymphoma was suspected. However, subsequent bone marrow and lymph node biopsies showed no evidence of this. She was treated for immune thrombocytopenia purpura (ITP) to no avail while a lymphoma work-up continued...
September 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
C Harris, A Alcock, L Trefan, D Nuttall, S T Evans, S Maguire, A M Kemp
BACKGROUND: Bruising is a common abusive injury in children, and it is standard practice to image and measure them, yet there is no current standard for measuring bruise size consistently. We aim to identify the optimal method of measuring photographic images of bruises, including computerised measurement techniques. METHODS: 24 children aged <11 years (mean age of 6.9, range 2.5-10 years) with a bruise were recruited from the community. Demographics and bruise details were recorded...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Joseph M Dyer, Richard A Miller
Thin skin and the appearance of bruises, seemingly unprovoked, are frequent complaints of elderly patients. Chronic cutaneous insufficiencies such as these are termed dermatoporosis. Although it is seldom the primary reason for consultation, dermatoporosis is associated with bleeding and healing complications and presents an opportunity for patient education and prevention. In this review, the authors explore the risk factors, pathogenetic mechanisms, clinical expression, and evidence-based therapies reported for chronic skin fragility due to aging...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Pooja Kadam, Jerrick Lim, Ian Paver, David E Connor, Kurosh Parsi
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the pathogenesis of telangiectatic matting (TM) and identify possible risk factors. METHODS: This study had two parts. The clinical records of consecutive patients were retrospectively analysed to identify risk factors for TM. In the second part, the haemostatic and coagulation profile of the subset of patients with TM were analysed and compared with controls using standard coagulation tests, platelet function and a global assay of coagulation (rotational thromboelastometry, ROTEM)...
February 3, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Abel-Jan Tasman
Postoperative periorbital edema and ecchymosis are most bothersome to rhinoplasty patients. The degree of swelling and bruising is influenced by several factors, and numerous prophylactic and therapeutic measures have been described in the literature. This article reviews the current literature and concludes with the author's suggestions on how to best minimize postoperative periorbital edema and ecchymosis.
February 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Douglas C Wu, Mitchel P Goldman
BACKGROUND: Calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA) is currently the only FDA-approved soft-tissue filler indicated for augmentation of the dorsal hand. Although the treatment is generally safe and effective, adverse side effects such as swelling and edema postinjection are common and can sometimes be debilitating. OBJECTIVE: In this study, the authors explore the utility of triamcinolone acetate coinjection with CaHA to the dorsal hands to mitigate adverse effects and improve patient experience...
February 5, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Ayo Stephen Adebowale
BACKGROUND: The growth in Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) cases among couples in Nigeria has been significant in recent years. Victims, which are often females, face numerous health challenges, including early death. I examined the linkages between spousal age differences and IPV in Nigeria. METHOD: The couples recode data section of the 2013 Nigeria Demographic Health and Survey was used (n = 6765). Intimate partner violence was measured using 13-item questions...
February 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
Abhilash Koratala, Deepti Bhattacharya
Heparin is an anticoagulant, which is frequently used in hospitalized patients for prophylaxis of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Subcutaneous administration of heparin may lead to complications such as bruising, hematoma, and pain at the injection site. Hematomas can develop without visible bruising, as in our case.
January 2018: Clinical Case Reports
Giovanna Damm Raphael Junqueira, André Luiz Machado Lima, Robison Boni, Joelmar César DE Almeida, Rafael Souza Ribeiro, Leandro Azevedo DE Figueiredo
Objectives: A retrospective statistical data gathering of wrist and hand complaints assisted over two years in the orthopedic emergency department of a regional referral hospital, seeking to know the profile of these patients. Methods: Information obtained by analysis of 31.356 orthopedic visits from May 2013 to April 2015, of which 6.754 related to hand complaints and/or wrist, at the Hospital Estadual Doutor Jayme dos Santos Neves (HDJSN) and analyzed by IBM SPSS Statistics software version 21...
November 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
Joseph P Hunstad, Christopher P Godek, Bruce W Van Natta, Bill G Kortesis, Gaurav Bharti, John C Crantford, Mark A Daniels, Mark S Andrew
Background: Tissue liquefaction liposuction (TLL) deploys a novel energy source utilizing a stream of warmed, low-pressurized, and pulsed saline to extract fat tissue. Objective: Compare TLL to suction-assisted liposuction (SAL) to determine which device is more efficient for surgeons and provides better recovery for patients. Methods: Thirty-one adult female patients were followed prospectively in a contralateral study design comparing differences in bruising, swelling, tenderness, and incision appearance ratings between TLL and SAL procedures...
January 23, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Michael S Pollanen
Detainees may be subjected to torture and extra-judicial execution by State actors and terrorists. But, the pathology of torture has not been well-described. This is due to the lack of autopsies performed on victims of torture, mostly due to the disposal of the bodies of the victims by their torturers. On this basis, the cause of death of detainees subjected to torture is often a matter of speculation or remains obscure. This paper provides an overview of the pathology of torture based on the authour's experience with the autopsies of torture victims...
December 18, 2017: Forensic Science International
Priscilla Tu
The differential diagnosis of heel pain is extensive, but a mechanical etiology is the most common. The specific anatomic location of the pain can help guide diagnosis. The most common diagnosis is plantar fasciitis, which leads to medial plantar heel pain, especially with the first weight-bearing steps after rest. Other causes of plantar heel pain include calcaneal stress fractures (progressively worsening pain after an increase in activity or change to a harder walking surface), nerve entrapment or neuroma (pain accompanied by burning, tingling, or numbness), heel pad syndrome (deep, bruise-like pain in the middle of the heel), and plantar warts...
January 15, 2018: American Family Physician
Irena Kostadinova-Petrova, Elida Mitevska, Biljana Janeska
BACKGROUND: In forensics bruises as injuries take an important part in the interpretation of the causes of death. Since activating the inflammatory response of the body in their formation, histological analysis of the bruised tissue can provide data on the determination the time when the injury occurred. AIM: The aim of this study is to compare the histological features of 1-day and 5-days old bruises. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Bruised human skin samples, 1-day old in group A and 5-day-old in group B, obtained at autopsy from individuals who died from a violent death, were analyzed in this study...
December 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
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