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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680439/the-role-of-compression-after-endovenous-ablation-of-varicose-veins
#1
REVIEW
Julien Al Shakarchi, Michael Wall, Jeremy Newman, Rajiv Pathak, Atiq Rehman, Andrew Garnham, Simon Hobbs
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to identify the evidence regarding the optimal duration of compression therapy after endovenous ablation of varicose veins. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for studies assessing the use of compression after endovenous ablation in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement. The primary outcomes for this study were pain score and complications. Secondary outcomes were time to full recovery, quality of life score, leg circumference, bruising score, and compliance rates...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678813/prognostic-significance-of-nuisance-bleeding-in-anticoagulated-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#2
Emily C O'Brien, DaJuanicia N Holmes, Laine E Thomas, Gregg C Fonarow, Larry A Allen, Bernard J Gersh, Peter R Kowey, Daniel E Singer, Michael D Ezekowitz, Gerald V Naccarelli, Jack E Ansell, Paul S Chan, Kenneth W Mahaffey, Alan S Go, James V Freeman, James A Reiffel, Eric D Peterson, Jonathan P Piccini, Elaine M Hylek
Background -Bleeding is commonly cited as a reason for stopping oral anticoagulants (OAC). Whether minor bleeding events ("nuisance bleeding", NB) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) on OAC are associated with OAC discontinuation, major bleeding and stroke/systemic embolism (SSE), is unknown. Methods -Within the ORBIT-AF prospective, outpatient registry, we identified 6771 patients ≥18 years of age at 172 sites with AF and eligible followup visits. NB was ascertained from the medical record and was defined as minor bleeding that did not require medical attention (e...
April 20, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675609/the-bumps-and-bruises-from-turning-a-blind-eye-learning-from-our-failures-and-surprises
#3
EDITORIAL
Lara Varpio, Alisa Nagler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668550/pediatric-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-presenting-with-extreme-thrombocytosis-simulating-essential-thrombocythemia
#4
Jessica L Boklan, Alexandra M Walsh, Michelina C de la Maza, Leon L Su, Francisco A Nizzi, Kristian T Schafernak
A 10-year-old boy presented with spontaneous bruising and was found to have extreme thrombocytosis without neutrophilia/shift to immaturity, basophilia or eosinophilia. While the peripheral blood and bone marrow findings initially suggested essential thrombocythemia, BCR-ABL1 translocation was detected and chronic myeloid leukemia, chronic phase, was diagnosed. Apheresis for platelet depletion was performed as a bridge given the delayed effects of medical therapy.
April 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667852/determination-of-the-position-of-the-knee-at-the-time-of-an-anterior-cruciate-ligament-rupture-for-male-versus-female-patients-by-an-analysis-of-bone-bruises
#5
Kwadwo A Owusu-Akyaw, Sophia Y Kim, Charles E Spritzer, Amber T Collins, Zoë A Englander, Gangadhar M Utturkar, William E Garrett, Louis E DeFrate
BACKGROUND: The incidence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures is 2 to 4 times higher in female athletes as compared with their male counterparts. As a result, a number of recent studies have addressed the hypothesis that female and male patients sustain ACL injuries via different mechanisms. The efficacy of prevention programs may be improved by a better understanding of whether there are differences in the injury mechanism between sexes. Hypothesis/Purpose: To compare knee positions at the time of a noncontact ACL injury between sexes...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661471/do-the-diagnostic-criteria-for-subclinical-hypercortisolism-exist
#6
Antoine Tabarin
"Subclinical hypercortisolism" (SH) refers to a condition associated with a mild chronic increase in cortisol secretion. By definition, patients with SH do not exhibit specific symptoms of overt Cushing's syndrome (such as purple striae, easy bruising, proximal muscle weakness), SH has been preferred to "subclinical Cushing's syndrome", a semantic ambiguity since Cushing's syndrome is, by definition, a set of symptoms; and to the term "preclinical Cushing syndrome" because the progression toward overt clinical hypercortisolism is very rare...
April 13, 2018: Annales D'endocrinologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659376/when-a-child-dies-unexpectedly-no-truth-be-told
#7
Deborah L Callanan, William D McClain
Sudden death of a child beyond infancy is a rare event. We report a child who presented to the emergency care system with asystole and the caregiver's report of an asthma attack as the preceding event. After unsuccessful attempts at resuscitation, an autopsy was performed by the medical examiner. Despite only scattered bruises with no clear-cut signs of abuse, aortic rupture and spinal fractures were found. This case highlights the crucial role of the medical examiner in evaluating sudden childhood death, even in the setting of underlying illness...
April 13, 2018: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656040/-child-sexual-abuse-description-of-a-french-population-having-consulted-in-a-forensic-medical-service-between-2011-and-2015
#8
M Hauet-Wiedemann, A Wiedemann, A Gatin, E Renaud, L Lapp, A Franchi, L Martrille, A Borsa-Dorion
BACKGROUND: When child sexual abuse (CSA) is suspected, the detection of anogenital anomalies is rare. In France, since 2011, most clinical examinations of children for whom CSA is suspected take place in the forensic medical service (FMS). OBJECTIVES: To describe a population of children examined for suspected CSA in the FMS of the Nancy Regional University Hospital Center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Children under the age of 18 who consulted for suspected CSA in the Nancy FMS between 2011 and 2015 were included...
April 11, 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644197/clinical-spectrum-of-autoerythrocyte-sensitization-syndrome-a-series-of-five-cases
#9
Nandakishore Singh Thokchom, D Pradeepa, N A Bishurul Hafi, Kapila Verma
Autoerythrocyte sensitization syndrome (Gardner Diamond syndrome or GDS) is a rare syndrome characterized by painful and spontaneous purpura commonly affecting adult women, and is mostly associated with psychiatric illness. Diagnosis is mainly based on clinical presentation, exclusion of other simulating diseases, and psychiatric evaluation. Only few cases have been reported till date. We report five cases of spontaneous purpura with a normal investigation profile, except for iron deficiency anemia in 1 patient, of which three had associated underlying psychiatric illness...
March 2018: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627995/perceptions-of-fall-circumstances-injuries-and-recovery-techniques-among-power-wheelchair-users-a-qualitative-study
#10
Laura A Rice, JongHun Sung, Joseph Peters, Wendy D Bartlo, Jacob J Sosnoff
OBJECTIVE: To understand the circumstances surrounding the worst fall experienced by power wheelchair users in the past year and to examine injuries sustained and recovery methods. DESIGN: A qualitative study using a semi-structured interview. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: A self-selected volunteer sample of 19 power wheelchair users who utilize their device for at least 75% of mobility. The most common disability represented was cerebral palsy ( n = 8)...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624950/intimate-partner-violence-and-hiv-status-among-ever-married-and-cohabiting-zimbabwean-women-an-examination-of-partners-traits
#11
Loren Henderson, Assata Zerai, Rebecca L Morrow
This study examines the connection between intimate partner violence (IPV) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus status among married and cohabitating women in Zimbabwe using an African feminist framework. Stata 13.0 was used to analyze data from the 2010-2011 Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Survey, which used a national probability sample of households in the country of Zimbabwe. This study used logistic regression to analyze the 2,830 ever-married or cohabitating women who also answered the violence and spousal traits questionnaire as well as provided blood samples...
December 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621374/novel-use-of-a-volumizing-hyaluronic-acid-filler-for-treatment-of-infraorbital-hollows
#12
Michael B Hall, Sudeep Roy, Edward D Buckingham
Importance: Hyaluronic acid filler can be safely used as a soft-tissue filler for correction of infraorbital hollowing. It has a high overall patient satisfaction profile among patients. Objective: To report safety and patient satisfaction outcomes of Juvéderm Voluma XC for correction of infraorbital hollows. Design, Setting, and Patients: This was a retrospective observational study performed at a private ambulatory facial plastic and reconstructive surgery practice...
April 5, 2018: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616164/the-impact-of-recipient-site-external-expansion-in-fat-grafting-surgical-outcomes
#13
Carlo M Oranges, Julia Striebel, Mathias Tremp, Srinivas Madduri, Daniel F Kalbermatten, Dirk J Schaefer
Background: The fat grafting process includes the 4 phases of tissue harvesting, processing, recipient-site preparation, and reinjection. Among them, the preparation of the recipient site has never been exhaustively reviewed. We aim to provide a comprehensive overview of the methods to prepare the recipient site through external expansion with the resulting outcomes. Methods: PubMed/Medline database was searched for studies on fat grafting recipient site preparation by applying the following algorithm: ((fat grafting) OR (lipofilling) OR (lipograft) AND (recipient site))...
February 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605375/nasal-erosion-as-an-uncommon-sign-of-child-abuse
#14
Paige A Culotta, Reena Isaac, Kwabena Sarpong, Binoy Chandy, Andrea Cruz, Marcella Donaruma-Kwoh
While various forms of facial trauma, bruising, burns, and fractures are frequently seen in cases of child abuse, purposeful nasal erosion has rarely been identified as a form of abusive injury. Progressive destruction of nasal tissue in children provokes a wide differential diagnosis crossing multiple subspecialties: infectious, primary immunodeficiencies, inflammatory conditions, malignancy, and genetic disorders. Progressive nasal erosion also can be a manifestation of child abuse. The proposed mechanism is repetitive mechanical denudation of the soft tissue and cartilage resulting in chronic inflammation, bleeding, and ultimately destruction of the insulted tissue...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575615/spectrum-of-hemostatic-disorders-in-indian-females-presenting-with-bleeding-manifestations
#15
A Gupta, P Mishra, H P Pati, S Tyagi, M Mahapatra, T Seth, R Saxena
INTRODUCTION: Hemostatic disorders are often missed in women with bleeding particularly menorrhagia. Preexisting hemostatic disorders are now known as common risk factor for postpartum hemorrhage and prolonged bleeding in puerperium. Females with bleeding complaints constitute an important population referred to hematology clinic. Hence, we aim to evaluate the type and frequency of hemostatic disorders among females presenting with bleeding in a tertiary care hospital and a basic hemostatic laboratory...
March 25, 2018: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573641/impact-sites-representing-potential-bruising-locations-associated-with-bed-falls-in-children
#16
Raymond Dsouza, Gina Bertocci
Bruising can occur as a result of accidental or abusive trauma in children. Bruises are an early sign of child abuse and their locations on the body can be an effective delineator of abusive trauma. Since falls are often reported as false histories in abuse, the ability to predict potential bruising locations in falls could be valuable when attempting to differentiate between abuse and accident. In our study we used an anthropomorphic test device (ATD), a surrogate representing a 12 month old child, adapted with a custom developed force sensing skin to predict potential bruising locations during simulated bed falls...
March 21, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573327/imaging-of-non-accidental-injury-what-is-clinical-best-practice
#17
REVIEW
Amy Nguyen, Robin Hart
Non-accidental injury (NAI) remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Fractures are the second most common findings of NAI, after cutaneous lesions such as bruises and contusions. Imaging in NAI remains a controversial issue with little agreement concerning how, when and what imaging modalities should be used in the investigation of suspected cases. This review addresses the radiological investigations and findings of NAI, and the differential diagnoses of these findings. Adherence to the international guidelines for skeletal survey imaging is recommended...
March 24, 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573286/self-reporting-fiber-reinforced-composites-that-mimic-the-ability-of-biological-materials-to-sense-and-report-damage
#18
REVIEW
Omar Rifaie-Graham, Edward A Apebende, Livia K Bast, Nico Bruns
Sensing of damage, deformation, and mechanical forces is of vital importance in many applications of fiber-reinforced polymer composites, as it allows the structural health and integrity of composite components to be monitored and microdamage to be detected before it leads to catastrophic material failure. Bioinspired and biomimetic approaches to self-sensing and self-reporting materials are reviewed. Examples include bruising coatings and bleeding composites based on dye-filled microcapsules, hollow fibers, and vascular networks...
March 24, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568847/haematologist-reviewed-peripheral-blood-smear-in-paediatric-practice
#19
Anselm Chi-Wai Lee
Manual examination of the peripheral blood smear (PBS) is currently performed on a fraction of samples sent for automated complete cell count. 39 children (age range 0-16.2 years) referred to a private paediatric practice during a 16-month period were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical scenarios, haematological features, laboratory-initiated PBS review, haematologist's PBS review and final diagnosis were described. Clinical indications included isolated thrombocytopenia (n = 10), unexplained bruises (n = 5), acute febrile illnesses (n = 11), anaemia (n = 8) and others (n = 5)...
February 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567456/are-negative-unrealistic-parent-descriptors-of-infant-attributes-associated-with-physical-abuse
#20
Audrey Young, Mary Clyde Pierce, Kim Kaczor, Douglas J Lorenz, Sheila Hickey, Susan P Berger, Suzanne M Schmidt, Amanda Fingarson, Kristine Fortin, Richard Thompson
Parents' perceptions of child behavior influence their responses to the child and may be important predictors of physical abuse. We examined whether infants 12 months of age or younger who were described with negative or developmentally unrealistic words were more likely than other infants to have been physically abused. As part of a prospective observational multicenter study investigating bruising and familial psychosocial characteristics, parents were asked to (1) describe their child's personality, and (2) list three words to describe their child...
March 19, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
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