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Dend syndrome

Balamurugan Kandasamy, Show-Ling Shyng
The ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP ) channel formed by the inwardly rectifying potassium channel Kir6.2 and the sulfonylurea receptor 1 (SUR1) plays a key role in regulating insulin secretion. Genetic mutations in KCNJ11 or ABCC8 which encode Kir6.2 and SUR1 respectively are major causes of insulin secretion disorders: those causing loss of channel function lead to congenital hyperinsulinism, whereas those causing gain of channel function result in neonatal diabetes and in some cases developmental delay, epilepsy, and neonatal diabetes, referred to as the DEND syndrome...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Olcay Evliyaoğlu, Oya Ercan, Emel Ataoğlu, Ümit Zübarioğlu, Bahar Özcabı, Aydilek Dağdeviren, Hande Erdoğan, Elisa De Franco, Sian Ellard
Neonatal diabetes mellitus is a rare form of monogenic diabetes which is diagnosed in the first six months of life. Here we report three patients with neonatal diabetes; two with isolated pancreas agenesis due to mutations in the pancreas-specific transcription factor 1A (PTF1A) enhancer and one with developmental delay, epilepsy, and neonatal diabetes (DEND) syndrome, due to a KCNJ11 mutation. The two cases with mutations in the distal enhancer of PTF1A had a homozygous g.23508363A>G and a homozygous g...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
Sabeen Abid Khan, Arit Parkash, Mohsina Ibrahim
DEND syndrome is a very rare syndrome of permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus, with an incidence of < 1/1000,000. It is defined as a triad of developmental delay, epilepsy, and neonatal diabetes. We report the case of a 9-month infant girl who presented with the most severe form of neonatal diabetes mellitus spectrum along with developmental delay and epilepsy. Genetic mutation testing confirmed mutations in KCNJ11 gene encoding the Kir6.2 subunit of the K-ATPchannel, which are involved in insulin secretion...
November 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Ja Hyang Cho, Eungu Kang, Beom Hee Lee, Gu Hwan Kim, Jin Ho Choi, Han Wook Yoo
Permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus (PNDM) is caused by mutations in the ATP-sensitive potassium channel (KATP channel) subunits. Developmental delay, epilepsy, and neonatal diabetes (DEND) syndrome is the most severe form of PNDM and is characterized by various neurologic features. We report on a patient with DEND syndrome following initial misdiagnosis with type 1 DM, who was successfully switched from insulin to sulfonylurea therapy. A 50-day-old male presented with fever and seizure, complicated by persistent hyperglycemia...
June 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
P Bowman, A T Hattersley, B A Knight, E Broadbridge, L Pettit, M Reville, S E Flanagan, M H Shepherd, T J Ford, J Tonks
We support the findings of Carmody et al. [1], who offered new insights into the neurological phenotype of people with KCNJ11 neonatal diabetes. Neurological features result from the KATP channel affected by these mutations being expressed in the brain as well as the pancreas [2]. Previous work has characterized developmental delay associated with specific mutations, for example, V59M, known as developmental delay, epilepsy and neonatal diabetes (DEND) syndrome [3,4]. Affected individuals also have impaired visuo-motor performance [5] and psychiatric (predominantly neurodevelopmental) disorders [6]...
May 6, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Elif Ozsu, Dinesh Giri, Gulcan Seymen Karabulut, Senthil Senniappan
Neonatal diabetes is a rare form of monogenic diabetes characterised by persistent hyperglycaemia during the first 6-9 months of age. About half of the cases of neonatal diabetes are transient forms resulting from mutations in the genes in the imprinted region of chromosome 6q24 and the other half are permanent forms. Activating mutations in the potassium ATP (KATP) channels encoded by the genes KCNJ11 and ABCC8 are responsible for the majority of permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus (PNDM). Mutations in KATP channels can be associated with Developmental delay, Epilepsy and Neonatal Diabetes (DEND) syndrome...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Yukiko Hashimoto, Sumito Dateki, Masakazu Hirose, Kenichi Satomura, Hirotake Sawada, Haruo Mizuno, Shigetaka Sugihara, Koichi Maruyama, Tatsuhiko Urakami, Hidenori Sugawara, Kenji Shirai, Tohru Yorifuji
BACKGROUND: There are few reports pertaining to Asian patients with neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM) caused by activating mutations in the ATP-sensitive potassium channel genes (KATP-NDM). OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the characteristics of Japanese patients with KATP-NDM. METHODS: By the amplification and direct sequencing of all exons and exon-intron boundaries of the KCNJ11 and ABCC8 genes, 25 patients with KATP-NDM were identified from a total of 70 patients with NDM...
September 29, 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
Yuko Maejima, Shinji Hasegawa, Shoichiro Horita, Kensuke Kumamoto, Juris Galvanovskis, Seiichi Takenoshita, Kenju Shimomura
In this study, we present a case of developmental delay, epilepsy and neonatal diabetes (DEND) syndrome in a young male patient with the R50P mutation located in the Kir6.2 subunit of the ATP-sensitive K(+) (KATP) channel. Whereas most patients with DEND syndrome are resistant to sulfonylurea therapy, our patient was responsive to sulfonylurea, lacked the most common neurological symptoms, such as epilepsy, but refused to drink water. His serum electrolytes and plasma osmolarity were normal but the serum vasopressin level was increased...
2015: Endocrine Journal
Susan Peña-Almazan
Mutations in KCNJ11 cause majority of cases of permanent neonatal diabetes (PND). Multiple reports of PND with successful transitioning to oral sulfonylurea had been reported except for those with DEND syndrome. This case report highlights a case of successful sulfonylurea treatment in a patient with DEND syndrome.
April 2015: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Poonam Singh, Sudha Chandrashekhar Rao, Ruchi Parikh
Permanent Neonatal Diabetes Mellitus (PNDM), is a rare monogenic disorder, caused by activating mutations of the KATP channel. The most severe clinical form of PNDM presents as Developmental delay, Epilepsy and Neonatal Diabetes (DEND) syndrome. Diagnosis is confirmed by genetic mutation testing. Oral sulfonylurea therapy improves neurological outcome.
December 2014: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Hakan Doneray, Jayne Houghton, Kadir Serafettin Tekgunduz, Ferat Balkir, Ibrahim Caner
Mutations in the KCNJ11 gene are responsible for the majority of permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus (PNDM) cases. Some mutations in this gene, including p.Q52R, are associated with the developmental delay, epilepsy, neonatal diabetes (DEND) syndrome. We describe a patient with PNDM who had no neurological finding although she was determined to have a novel mutation (p.Q52L) in the same residue of the KCNJ11 as in the previously reported cases with DEND syndrome. This case suggests that not all Q52 mutations in the KCNJ11 gene are necessarily related to DEND syndrome...
March 2014: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Akanksha N Thakkar, Mamta N Muranjan, Sunil Karande, Nalini S Shah
Neonatal diabetes mellitus and organic acidemias, may present with similar features like hyperglycemia, ketoacidosis and failure to thrive. A four-mo-old girl presented with diabetic ketoacidosis following a febrile respiratory illness during which high anion gap metabolic acidosis and hyperglycemia were detected. She also had hyperammonemia, which led to diagnostic uncertainty. Euglycemia was achieved with insulin injections. Genotyping revealed a homozygous novel mutation of the ABCC8 gene coding for the SUR1 subunit of the pancreatic beta cell potassium channel...
July 2014: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Wojciech Fendler, Iwona Pietrzak, Melissa F Brereton, Carolina Lahmann, Mariusz Gadzicki, Malgorzata Bienkiewicz, Izabela Drozdz, Maciej Borowiec, Maciej T Malecki, Frances M Ashcroft, Wojciech M Mlynarski
OBJECTIVE: Activating mutations in the KCNJ11 gene, encoding the Kir6.2 subunit of the KATP channel, result in permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus. They also may cause neurologic symptoms such as mental retardation and motor problems (iDEND syndrome) and epilepsy (DEND syndrome). Sulphonylurea (SU) treatment is reported to alleviate both the neurologic symptoms and diabetes in such cases. The study aimed to establish the magnitude and functional basis of the effect of SUs on the neurologic phenotype in children with iDEND using neuroimaging before and after insulin replacement with glibenclamide...
August 2013: Diabetes Care
Sachie Itoh, Hisafumi Matsuoka, Yuki Yasuda, Nobuka Miyake, Keiko Suzuki, Tohru Yorifuji, Shigetaka Sugihara
Heterozygous activating mutations of KCNJ11 (Kir6.2) are the most common cause of permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM), and successful glycemic control has been obtained in several cases with oral sulfonylureas (SU). We have verified a lack of clinical response for both glycemic control and neurological features in an infant with permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus and DEND syndrome due to a V59A mutation in the KCNJ11 gene. Thus, our case reinforces that most cases with DEND syndrome are insensitive to SU...
2013: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Juliette Dupont, Carla Pereira, Ana Medeira, Rui Duarte, Sian Ellard, Lurdes Sampaio
Permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus (PNDM) is a rare form of diabetes diagnosed within the first 6 months of life. Heterozygous activation mutations in KCNJ11, encoding the Kir6.2 subunit of the ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel, which acts as a key role in insulin secretion regulation, account for about half of the cases of PNDM. The majority of the patients represent isolated cases resulting from de novo mutations. Approximately 20% have associated neurologic features: the most severe form, which includes epilepsy and developmental delay, is called developmental delay, epilepsy, and neonatal diabetes (DEND) syndrome and the milder form, with less severe developmental delay and without epilepsy, is designated intermediate DEND syndrome...
2012: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Domenica Battaglia, Yu-Wen Lin, Claudia Brogna, Antonino Crinò, Valeria Grasso, Alessia F Mozzi, Lucia Russo, Sabrina Spera, Carlo Colombo, Stefano Ricci, Colin G Nichols, Eugenio Mercuri, Fabrizio Barbetti
Gain-of-function mutations of KCNJ11 can cause permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus, but only rarely after 6 months of age. Specific uncommon mutations KCNJ11give rise to a syndrome defined as developmental delay, epilepsy, and neonatal diabetes (DEND), or - more frequently - to a milder sub-type lacking epilepsy, denoted as intermediate-DEND (iDEND). Our aim was to consider a possible monogenic etiology in a 12-yr-old boy with early onset diabetes and mild neurological features. We studied a subject diagnosed with diabetes at 21 months of age, and negative to type 1 diabetes autoantibodies testing...
December 2012: Pediatric Diabetes
P Klee, C Bellanné-Chantelot, G Depret, J P Llano, C Paget, M Nicolino
AIM: ATP-sensitive potassium channels are important regulators of insulin secretion. They consist of four sulphonylurea receptor (encoded by ABCC8) and four inwardly rectifying protein (encoded by KCNJ11) subunits. Activating ABCC8 mutations lead to decreased insulin secretion and to diabetes. Wide phenotype variability is associated with single ABCC8 mutations, ranging from transient or permanent neonatal diabetes (ND) with or without developmental delay (DEND syndrome) to very mild phenotypes...
April 2012: Diabetes & Metabolism
Yanmei Sang, Guichen Ni, Yi Gu, Min Liu
Heterozygous activating mutations in the KCNJ11 gene can cause permanent and transient neonatal diabetes. In the present study, we sequenced the KCNJ11 gene in a Chinese boy diagnosed with permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus (PNDM) and also in his parents. A heterozygous 175G > A (V59M) mutation was identified in the patient, while no KCNJ11 gene mutations were found in his parents, indicating that this mutation is de novo. The patient with the V59M mutation successfully switched from insulin injections to oral glibenclamide; 2 years of follow-up revealed that the patient had intermediate developmental delay, epilepsy and neonatal diabetes (DEND) syndrome...
2011: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Georges Serratrice, Jean-François Pellissier, Jacques Serra-Trice, Pierre-Jean Weiller
Interest in Morvan's disease or syndrome has grown, owing to its close links with various potassium channelopathies. Potassium is crucial for gating mechanisms (channel opening and closing), and especially for repolarization. Defective potassium regulation can lead to neuronal hyperexcitability. There are three families of potassium channels: voltage-gated potassium channels or VGKC (Kv1.1-Kv1.8), inward rectifier K+ channels (Kir), and two-pore channels (K2p). VGK channels are the commonest, and especially those belonging to the Shaker group (neuromyotonia and Morvan's syndrome, limbic encephalitis, and type 1 episodic ataxia)...
February 2010: Bulletin de L'Académie Nationale de Médecine
Angus G Jones, Andrew T Hattersley
BACKGROUND: A 17-year-old female was referred for the reassessment of her type 1 diabetes mellitus, with which she had been diagnosed at the age of 15 weeks owing to symptoms of ketoacidosis. The patient had mild learning difficulties, which resulted in her requiring additional support at school. There was no family history of diabetes. INVESTIGATIONS: Measurements of plasma C-peptide and glutamate decarboxylase autoantibodies. Molecular genetic testing was performed...
June 2010: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
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