Read by QxMD icon Read

viral nonstructural protein

Fei Xiao, Stanley Wang, Rina Barouch-Bentov, Gregory Neveu, Szuyuan Pu, Melanie Beer, Stanford Schor, Sathish Kumar, Vlad Nicolaescu, Brett D Lindenbach, Glenn Randall, Shirit Einav
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) spreads via secreted cell-free particles or direct cell-to-cell transmission. Yet, virus-host determinants governing differential intracellular trafficking of cell-free- and cell-to-cell-transmitted virus remain unknown. The host adaptor proteins (APs) AP-1A, AP-1B, and AP-4 traffic in post-Golgi compartments, and the latter two are implicated in basolateral sorting. We reported that AP-1A mediates HCV trafficking during release, whereas the endocytic adaptor AP-2 mediates entry and assembly...
March 13, 2018: MBio
Shifeng Ling, Mingyang Luo, Shengnan Jiang, Jiayu Liu, Chunying Ding, Qinghuan Zhang, Huancheng Guo, Wenjie Gong, Changchun Tu, Jinfu Sun
Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) nonstructural protein NS5A is a multifunctional protein functioning in regulation of viral genome replication, protein translation and assembly by interaction with viral or host proteins. Here, heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) has been identified as a novel binding partner of NS5A by using His tag "pull down" coupled with shotgun LC-MS/MS, with interaction of both proteins further confirmed by co-immunoprecipitation and laser confocal assays. In PK-15 cells, silencing of Hsp27 expression by siRNA enhanced CSFV replication, and upregulation of Hsp27 inhibited viral proliferation...
March 8, 2018: Virology
Kanjana Srisutthisamphan, Krit Jirakanwisal, Suwipa Ramphan, Natthida Tongluan, Atichat Kuadkitkan, Duncan R Smith
Infections with the mosquito-borne dengue virus (DENV) remain a significant public health challenge. In the absence of a commercial therapeutic to treat DENV infection, a greater understanding of the processes of cellular replication is required. The abundant cellular chaperone protein heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) has been shown to play a proviral role in the replication cycle of several viruses, predominantly through the stabilization of specific viral proteins. To investigate any potential role of Hsp90 in DENV infection the interaction between Hsp90 and DENV proteins was determined through co-immunoprecipitation experiments...
March 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
Zhenjian He, Jiahui Chen, Shu An, Xinhuai Dong, Jianchen Yu, Shihao Zhang, Yun Wu, Ge Li, Yu Zhang, Jueheng Wu, Xun Zhu, Mengfeng Li
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne virus that has been identified as a cause of several severe disease manifestations, including congenital microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome, meningoencephalitis and myelitis. Previous studies showed that ZIKV-infected patients exhibited elevated plasma levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), indicating that ZIKV may activate inflammasomes. However, the molecular basis for its viral pathogenesis remains poorly understood. In this current study, we found that ZIKV infection caused severe inflammatory pathological changes and promoted IL-1β production in vitro as well as in vivo...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Rachel D Brownlee, Amir Ardeshir, Michael D Becker, April M Wagner, David G Besselsen
The influence of mouse strain, immune competence and age on the pathogenesis of a field strain of minute virus of mice (MVMm) was examined in BALB/c, C3H, C57BL/6 and SCID mice experimentally infected as neonates, weanlings and adults. Sera, bodily excretions and tissues were harvested at 7, 14, 28 and 56 days after inoculation and evaluated by serology, quantitative PCR and histopathology. Seroconversion to recombinant viral capsid protein 2 was consistently observed in all immunocompetent strains of mice, regardless of the age at which they were inoculated, while seroconversion to the viral nonstructural protein 1 was only consistently detected in neonate inoculates...
March 8, 2018: Journal of General Virology
Chi-Ping Chan, Chun-Kit Yuen, Pak-Hin Hinson Cheung, Sin-Yee Fung, Pak-Yin Lui, Honglin Chen, Kin-Hang Kok, Dong-Yan Jin
PACT is a double-stranded RNA-binding protein that has been implicated in host-influenza A virus (IAV) interaction. PACT facilitates the action of RIG-I in the activation of the type I IFN response, which is suppressed by the viral nonstructural protein NS1. PACT is also known to interact with the IAV RNA polymerase subunit PA. Exactly how PACT exerts its antiviral activity during IAV infection remains to be elucidated. In the current study, we demonstrated the interplay between PACT and IAV polymerase. Induction of IFN-β by the IAV RNP complex was most robust when both RIG-I and PACT were expressed...
March 7, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Yinghao Xin, Dang Wang, Meijin Huang, Jinjin Yu, Liurong Fang, Shaobo Xiao
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), an acute infectious disease agent in swine, causes enormous economic losses to the global swine industry. PRRSV nonstructural protein 1β (nsp1β) plays a critical role in viral subgenomic mRNA synthesis and host immune regulation. However, the global changes of cellular gene expression in natural target cells regulated by the nsp1β have not yet been identified. Here, isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) labeling coupled with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry were used to quantitatively identify cellular proteins in porcine alveolar macrophage (PAM) 3D4/21 cells transduced with recombinant lentivirus expressing PRRSV nsp1β that are differentially expressed compared with PAM 3D4/21 cells transduced with recombinant lentivirus expressing GFP...
March 5, 2018: Virus Genes
Hiroki Ikeda, Tsunamasa Watanabe, Hirohito Shimizu, Tetsuya Hiraishi, Rena Kaneko, Toshiyuki Baba, Hideaki Takahashi, Kotaro Matsunaga, Nobuyuki Matsumoto, Hiroshi Yasuda, Chiaki Okuse, Shogo Iwabuchi, Michihiro Suzuki, Fumio Itoh
AIM: The therapeutic benefit of adding ribavirin (RBV) to 12 weeks of ledipasvir/sofosbuvir (LDV/SOF) for patients who experienced failure of a previous nonstructural protein (NS) 5A inhibitor-containing regimen is unclear. METHODS: A total of 29 genotype 1b HCV patients who had failed prior daclatasvir (DCV) plus asunaprevir (ASV) treatment were retreated for 12 weeks of LDV/SOF, with or without RBV. Antiviral efficacy and predictive factors associating with a sustained virological response at 24 weeks (SVR24) were evaluated retrospectively...
March 5, 2018: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
Sushant Kumar, Raghavendra Ramappa, Kiranmayee Pamidimukkala, C D Rao, K Suguna
Rotavirus nonstructural protein 4, the first viral enterotoxin to be identified, is a multidomain, multifunctional glycoprotein. Earlier, we reported a Ca2+ -bound coiled-coil tetrameric structure of the diarrhea-inducing region of NSP4 from the rotavirus strains SA11 and I321 and a Ca2+ -free pentameric structure from the rotavirus strain ST3, all with a parallel arrangement of α-helices. pH was found to determine the oligomeric state: a basic pH favoured a tetramer, whereas an acidic pH favoured a pentamer...
February 17, 2018: Archives of Virology
D Wu, L Z Zhao, Y H Wu, H Zhang, M Zhang, Q Q Tan, H Q Zhou, F C Zhang, J F He
Objective: To investigate the sensitivity and specificity of commercial nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) testing kits for Dengue fever diagnose, and provide the evidence for diagnostic criteria revision. Methods: 300 PCR or virus isolation positive blood samples for dengue virus were collected from sentinel hospitals for dengue surveillance in Guangzhou, Dongguang and Zhongshang from May 2015 to Nov. 2016. At the same time, 308 PCR negative samples for Dengue virus were collected as control group. The information of the sample was collected using questionnaires...
February 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Farhana Abu Bakar, Lisa F P Ng
Alphaviruses are enveloped, positive single-stranded RNA viruses, typically transmitted by arthropods. They often cause arthralgia or encephalitic diseases in infected humans and there is currently no targeted antiviral treatment available. The re-emergence of alphaviruses in Asia, Europe, and the Americas over the last decade, including chikungunya and o'nyong'nyong viruses, have intensified the search for selective inhibitors. In this review, we highlight key molecular determinants within the alphavirus replication complex that have been identified as viral targets, focusing on their structure and functionality in viral dissemination...
February 9, 2018: Viruses
Célia Boukadida, Matthieu Fritz, Brigitte Blumen, Marie-Laure Fogeron, François Penin, Annette Martin
Over the recent years, several homologues with varying degrees of genetic relatedness to hepatitis C virus (HCV) have been identified in a wide range of mammalian species. HCV infectious life cycle relies on a first critical proteolytic event of its single polyprotein, which is carried out by nonstructural protein 2 (NS2) and allows replicase assembly and genome replication. In this study, we characterized and evaluated the conservation of the proteolytic mode of action and regulatory mechanisms of NS2 across HCV and animal hepaciviruses...
February 2018: PLoS Pathogens
Nancy Reau, Michael N Robertson, Hwa-Ping Feng, Luzelena Caro, Wendy W Yeh, Bach-Yen T Nguyen, Janice Wahl, Eliav Barr, Peggy Hwang, Stephanie O Klopfer
Concomitant proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use reduces plasma concentrations of certain nonstructural protein 5A inhibitors, which are key components of modern hepatitis C infection (HCV) treatments. These reduced concentrations may decrease efficacy, leading to challenging treatment failures due to the development of resistance-associated substitutions. This post-hoc analysis assessed 12-week sustained viral response (SVR12) and pharmacokinetics of fixed-dose combination elbasvir/grazoprevir (EBR/GZR) in patients with HCV infection and self-reported PPI use...
October 2017: Hepatology Communications
Xuelian Sui, Xiaojuan Liu, Wenwu Lin, Zujian Wu, Liang Yang
The nonstructural protein pc6 encoded by rice grassy stunt virus (RGSV) plays a significant role in viral cell-to-cell movement, presumably by transport through plasmodesmata (PD). We confirmed the association of pc6 with PD, and also elucidated the mechanisms of protein targeting to PD. Several inhibitor treatments showed conclusively that pc6 is targeted to PD via the ER-to-Golgi secretory system and actin filaments. In addition, VIII-1 myosin was also found to be involved in pc6 PD targeting. Deletion mutants demonstrated that C-terminal amino acid residues 209-229 (transmembrane domain 2; TM2) are essential for pc6 to move through PD...
February 1, 2018: Archives of Virology
Asad Zia, Sumra Wajid Abbasi, Shabeer Ahmad, Muhammad Zia, Abida Raza
The nonstructural protein 3 (NS3) helicase of HCV is believed to be a plausible target for the identification and designing of potent antiviral drugs. NS3 protein is involved in a positive sense single-stranded viral replication as well as it also cleaves viral poly protein into diverse mature proteins at different time spans. Structural exploration of NS3 revealed that HCV helicase could also act as translocase. In order to identify potential inhibitors for HCV-3a, the current study has been designed. Serum samples from the Pakistani HCV positive patients were collected, sequenced and after purification included in the present study...
January 29, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Liang Guo, Suresh D Sharma, Jose Debes, Daniel Beisang, Bernd Rattenbacher, Irina Vlasova-St Louis, Darin L Wiesner, Craig E Cameron, Paul R Bohjanen
Numerous mammalian proto-oncogene and other growth-regulatory transcripts are upregulated in malignancy due to abnormal mRNA stabilization. In hepatoma cells expressing a hepatitis C virus (HCV) subgenomic replicon, we found that the viral nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A), a protein known to bind to viral RNA, also bound specifically to human cellular transcripts that encode regulators of cell growth and apoptosis, and this binding correlated with transcript stabilization. An important subset of human NS5A-target transcripts contained GU-rich elements, sequences known to destabilize mRNA...
January 29, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
Carolin Klemm, Yvonne Boergeling, Stephan Ludwig, Christina Ehrhardt
Influenza epidemics and pandemics still represent a severe public health threat and cause significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. As intracellular parasites, influenza viruses are strongly dependent on the host cell machinery. To ensure efficient production of progeny viruses, viral proteins extensively interfere with cellular signalling pathways to inhibit antiviral responses or to activate virus-supportive functions. Here, we review various functions of the influenza virus nonstructural proteins NS1, PB1-F2, and PA-X in infected cells and how post-transcriptional modifications of these proteins affect the viral life cycle...
January 17, 2018: Trends in Microbiology
Allyn Spear, Feng-Xue Wang, Matthew A Kappes, Phani B Das, Kay S Faaberg
Recombinant viruses of strain Ingelvac® PRRS porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) modified live virus vaccine were produced with two individual small in-frame deletions in nonstructural protein 2 (nsp2; Δ23 and Δ87) and also the same deletions supplanted with foreign tags (Δ23-V5, Δ23-FLAG, Δ23-S, Δ87-V5, Δ87-FLAG, Δ87-S). The viruses, but one (Δ87-FLAG), were stable for 10 passages and showed minimal effects on in vitro growth. Northern hybridization showed that the Δ23-tagged probe detected intracellular viral genome RNA as well as shorter RNAs that may represent heteroclite species, while the Δ87-tagged probe detected predominantly only genome length RNAs...
January 8, 2018: Virology
Jeffrey W Perry, Yanhua Chen, Elizabeth Speliotes, Andrew W Tai
In the last few decades, dengue virus, an arbovirus, has spread to over 120 countries. Although a vaccine has been approved in some countries, limitations on its effectiveness, and a lack of effective antiviral treatments reinforce the need for additional research. The functions of several viral nonstructural proteins are essentially unknown. To better understand the functions of these proteins and thus dengue virus pathogenesis, we embarked on a genome wide transposon mutagenesis screen with Next Generation Sequencing to determine sites in the viral genome that tolerate 15 nucleotide insertions...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Virology
Matthew B Phillips, Johnasha D Stuart, Emily J Simon, Karl W Boehme
Reovirus non-structural protein σ1s is required for the establishment of viremia and hematogenous viral dissemination. However, the function of the σ1s protein during the reovirus replication cycle is not known. In this study, we found that σ1s was required for efficient reovirus replication in SV40-immortalized endothelial cells (SVECs), mouse embryonic fibroblasts, human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), and T84 human colonic epithelial cells. In each of these cell lines, wild type reovirus produced substantially higher viral titers than a σ1s-deficient mutant...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Virology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"