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ketamine postoperative pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049110/evidence-for-the-efficacy-of-systemic-opioid-sparing-analgesics-in-pediatric-surgical-populations-a-systematic-review
#1
Alyssa Zhu, Hubert A Benzon, T Anthony Anderson
While a large number of studies has examined the efficacy of opioid-sparing analgesics in adult surgical populations, fewer studies are available to guide postoperative pain treatment in pediatric patients. We systematically reviewed available publications on the use of systemic nonopioid agents for postoperative analgesia in pediatric surgical populations. A comprehensive literature search identified meta-analyses and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effects of systemic, nonopioid agents on postoperative narcotic requirements or pain scores in pediatric surgical populations...
November 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028641/postoperative-care-after-tonsillectomy-what-s-the-evidence
#2
Patrick Carpenter, Daniel Hall, Jeremy D Meier
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to evaluate the current literature regarding postoperative management after tonsillectomy in children. RECENT FINDINGS: Controversy remains regarding the ideal medication regimen to manage pain after tonsillectomy. Acetaminophen and ibuprofen are routinely used, although concerns of more severe postoperative hemorrhage with ibuprofen remain. Narcotics are prescribed commonly, but with extreme caution in children with severe obstructive sleep apnea...
October 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025089/oral-ketamine-for-acute-pain-management-after-amputation-surgery
#3
Asokumar Buvanendran, Jeffrey S Kroin, Arvind Rajagopal, Sherry J Robison, Mario Moric, Kenneth J Tuman
Objective: Intravenous ketamine has been shown to provide postoperative analgesia in many clinical trials, in particular to reduce opioid consumption. The primary objective of this pilot study is to determine if multiple dosing over a three-day perioperative period with oral ketamine is a safe treatment method for acute pain after amputation surgery. Methods: Three consented subjects (age 57-60 years) undergoing elective amputation of the lower extremity were included in the study (Institutional Review Board and Food and Drug Administration Investigational New Drug approved)...
September 14, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994672/low-dose-intravenous-ketamine-for-postcardiac-surgery-pain-effect-on-opioid-consumption-and-the-incidence-of-chronic-pain
#4
Jennifer Cogan, Geneviève Lalumière, Grisell Vargas-Schaffer, Alain Deschamps, Zeynep Yegin
BACKGROUND: Recent meta-analyses have concluded that low-dose intravenous ketamine infusions (LDKIs) during the postoperative period may help to decrease acute and chronic postoperative pain after major surgery. AIMS: This study aims to evaluate the level of pain at least 3 months after surgery for patients treated with a postoperative LDKI versus patients who were not treated with a postoperative LDKI. METHODS: Administrative and Ethics Board approval were obtained for this study...
October 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984096/preventative-effect-of-ketamine-on-post-surgical-hyperalgesia-induced-at-a-body-part-remote-from-the-surgical-site-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Young-Eun Moon, Mi-Hyun Kim, Hyung-Mook Lee, Hyo-Min Yoon, Young-Jae Jeon
BACKGROUND: It is known that pain hypersensitivity can be induced at a body part remote from a surgical site (tertiary hyperalgesia), leading to patient discomfort. Nevertheless, no reported study to date has investigated methods to attenuate such tertiary hyperalgesia. Ketamine is known to modulate hyperalgesia induced by central sensitization. Thus, we investigated whether intraoperative administration of ketamine could decrease post-surgical tertiary hyperalgesia in patients undergoing a laparoscopic hysterectomy...
October 4, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979762/ketamine-for-pain
#6
REVIEW
Kelly Jonkman, Albert Dahan, Tine van de Donk, Leon Aarts, Marieke Niesters, Monique van Velzen
The efficacy of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist ketamine as an analgesic agent is still under debate, especially for indications such as chronic pain. To understand the efficacy of ketamine for relief of pain, we performed a literature search for relevant narrative and systematic reviews and meta-analyses. We retrieved 189 unique articles, of which 29 were deemed appropriate for use in this review. Ketamine treatment is most effective for relief of postoperative pain, causing reduced opioid consumption...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928589/laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-under-segmental-thoracic-spinal-anesthesia-a-feasible-economical-alternative
#7
Aditya Kumar Kejriwal, Shaheen Begum, Gopal Krishan, Richa Agrawal
Laparoscopic surgery is normally performed under general anesthesia, but regional techniques like thoracic epidural and lumbar spinal have been emerging and found beneficial. We performed a clinical case study of segmental thoracic spinal anaesthesia in a healthy patient. We selected an ASA grade I patient undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy and gave spinal anesthetic in T10-11 interspace using 1 ml of bupivacaine 5 mg ml(-1) mixed with 0.5 ml of fentanyl 50 μg ml(-1). Other drugs were only given (systemically) to manage patient anxiety, pain, nausea, hypotension, or pruritus during or after surgery...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914332/-comment-on-ketamine-for-prevention-of-postoperative-delirium-and-pain
#8
S Ziemann, M Coburn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888802/yamamoto-new-scalp-acupuncture-for-postoperative-pain-management-in-cats-undergoing-ovariohysterectomy
#9
Matheus R Ribeiro, Carolina B de Carvalho, Ricardo H Z Pereira, Gabriel M Nicácio, Rejane B Brinholi, Renata N Cassu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the analgesic efficacy of Yamamoto New Scalp Acupuncture (YNSA) as an adjuvant for postoperative pain management in cats. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, blinded, clinical study. ANIMALS: Twenty cats aged (mean ± standard deviation) 25 ± 9 months and weighing 2.7 ± 0.6 kg undergoing ovariohysterectomy. METHODS: The cats were sedated with intramuscular (IM) ketamine (5 mg kg(-1)), midazolam (0...
April 13, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853044/consensus-statement-for-clinical-pathway-development-for-perioperative-pain-management-and-care-transitions
#10
REVIEW
Alan D Kaye, Erik M Helander, Nalini Vadivelu, Leandro Lumermann, Thomas Suchy, Margaret Rose, Richard D Urman
The perioperative surgical home (PSH) model has been created with the intention to reduce costs and to improve efficiency of care and patient experience in the perioperative period. The PSH is a comprehensive model of care that is team-based and patient-centric. The team in each facility should be multidisciplinary and include the input of perioperative services leadership, surgical services, and support personnel in order to provide seamless care for the patient from the preoperative period when decision to undergo surgery is initially made to discharge and, if needed after discharge from the hospital, until full recovery is achieved...
August 29, 2017: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806222/transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-1-antagonists-prevent-anesthesia-induced-hypothermia-and-decrease-postincisional-opioid-dose-requirements-in-rodents
#11
Andras Garami, Mohab Ibrahim, Kerry Gilbraith, Rajesh Khanna, Eszter Pakai, Alexandra Miko, Erika Pinter, Andrej A Romanovsky, Frank Porreca, Amol M Patwardhan
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative hypothermia and postoperative pain control are two important clinical challenges in anesthesiology. Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 has been implicated both in thermoregulation and pain. Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 antagonists were not advanced as analgesics in humans in part due to a side effect of hyperthermia. This study tested the hypothesis that a single, preincision injection of a transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 antagonist could prevent anesthesia-induced hypothermia and decrease the opioid requirement for postsurgical hypersensitivity...
November 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757824/effects-of-preincisional-analgesia-with-surgical-site-infiltration-of-ketamine-or-levobupivacaine-in-patients-undergoing-abdominal-hysterectomy-under-general-anesthesia-a-randomized-double-blind-study
#12
Nasr Mahmoud Abdallah, Atef Kamel Salama, Ahmed Mohamed Ellithy
CONTEXT: Postoperative pain management remains a cornerstone in patient's management to ensure a better quality of life. Preemptive analgesia is reported to inhibit the persistence of postoperative pain. AIMS: The aim of this study is to assess the analgesic effectiveness of preincisional infiltration of ketamine following elective abdominal hysterectomy as compared to levobupivacaine. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a prospective, randomized, double-blind study...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731926/history-of-anaesthesia-the-ketamine-story-past-present-and-future
#13
Georges Mion
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728322/perioperative-hypertension-management-during-facelift-under-local-anesthesia-with-intravenous-hypnotics
#14
Ki Ho Chung, Myeong Soo Cho, Hoon Jin
Perioperative hypertension is a phenomenon in which a surgical patient's blood pressure temporarily increases throughout the preoperative and postoperative periods and remains high until the patient's condition stabilizes. This phenomenon requires immediate treatment not only because it is observed in a majority of patients who are not diagnosed with high blood pressure, but also because occurs in patients with underlying essential hypertension who show a sharp increase in their blood pressure. The most common complication following facelift surgery is hematoma, and the most critical risk factor that causes hematoma is elevated systolic blood pressure...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707454/interventions-for-postoperative-pain-in-children-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#15
REVIEW
Krste Boric, Svjetlana Dosenovic, Antonia Jelicic Kadic, Marijan Batinic, Marija Cavar, Marjan Urlic, Nikolina Markovina, Livia Puljak
The aim of this study was to conduct an overview of systematic reviews that summarizes the results about efficacy and safety from randomized controlled trials involving the various strategies used for postoperative pain management in children. We searched the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, CINAHL, Database of Reviews of Effect, Embase, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO from the earliest date to January 24, 2016. This overview included 45 systematic reviews that evaluated interventions for postoperative pain in children...
September 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700455/perioperative-ketamine-for-analgesia-in-spine-surgery-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
Arif Pendi, Ryan Field, Saifal-Deen Farhan, Martin Eichler, Stacey Samuel Bederman
STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of perioperative supplemental ketamine to reduce postoperative opioid analgesic consumption following spine surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although low-dose supplemental ketamine has been known to reduce pain after surgery, there is conflicting evidence regarding whether ketamine can be effective to reduce opioid consumption following spine surgery...
July 11, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682950/baseline-morphine-consumption-may-explain-between-study-heterogeneity-in-meta-analyses-of-adjuvant-analgesics-and-improve-precision-and-accuracy-of-effect-estimates
#17
Brett Doleman, Alex J Sutton, Matthew Sherwin, Jonathan N Lund, John P Williams
BACKGROUND: Statistical heterogeneity can increase the uncertainty of results and reduce the quality of evidence derived from systematic reviews. At present, it is uncertain what the major factors are that account for heterogeneity in meta-analyses of analgesic adjuncts. Therefore, the aim of this review was to identify whether various covariates could explain statistical heterogeneity and use this to improve accuracy when reporting the efficacy of analgesics. METHODS: We searched for reviews using MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
July 4, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682644/assessing-analgesia-equivalence-and-appetite-following-alfaxalone-or-ketamine-based-injectable-anesthesia-for-feline-castration-as-an-example-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery
#18
Tatum Armstrong, Marika C Wagner, Jagjit Cheema, Daniel Sj Pang
Objectives The primary study objective was to assess two injectable anesthetic protocols, given to facilitate castration surgery in cats, for equivalence in terms of postoperative analgesia. A secondary objective was to evaluate postoperative eating behavior. Methods Male cats presented to a local clinic were randomly assigned to receive either intramuscular ketamine (5 mg/kg, n = 26; KetHD) or alfaxalone (2 mg/kg, n = 24; AlfHD) in combination with dexmedetomidine (25 μg/kg) and hydromorphone (0.05 mg/kg)...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663631/influence-of-difference-in-timing-of-perioperative-administration-of-low-dose-ketamine-on-postoperative-analgesia
#19
Ragi Jain, Namrata Kochhar
BACKGROUND: Preemptive analgesia is a part of multimodal regime for effective postoperative analgesia. Ketamine is said to possess preemptive effects, which has been simultaneously refuted by other studies. Hence, we designed this randomized, double-blinded trial to establish the influence of timing of perioperative ketamine administration for superior postoperative analgesia. METHODS: Ninety patients undergoing infraumbilical surgeries under spinal anesthesia were randomized to receive ketamine either preincision (Group KI), preincision and during skin closure (Group KII), or only during skin closure (Group KIII)...
April 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663627/efficacy-of-low-dose-ketamine-as-sole-analgesic-agent-in-maintaining-analgesia-and-intraoperative-hemodynamics-during-laparoscopic-gynecological-surgeries
#20
Dipti Saxena, Atul Dixit, Naina Kumar, Bipin Arya, Sadhana Sanwatsarkar, Shilpa Bhandari
BACKGROUND: Ketamine, in low doses, is known to possess intense analgesic properties. The available literature shows wide variation regarding the time and dose of administration of ketamine during surgery. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of intraoperative administration of ketamine when used as sole analgesic in low doses, on hemodynamics and postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing laparoscopic gynecological surgery and compared on the basis of duration of surgery...
April 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
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