keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Individual differences memory

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332052/when-art-meets-gardens-does-it-enhance-the-benefits-the-nancy-hypothesis-of-care-for-persons-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#1
Thérèse Rivasseau Jonveaux, Reinhard Fescharek
The creation of healing gardens for persons with Alzheimer's disease and related diseases (ADRD) offers vast potential. They can play a role in the scaffolding of cognitive disorders, emotional stress, sensory processing, sense of harmony, and appeasement. These effects are achieved through a distributed interplay of psychological functions with the immediate environment and local culture on the one hand, and dialogue on the other. The garden, a natural canvas created by man, shares with art the ability to foster an esthetic sense for which the perception can be measured by functional neurological imaging exploration...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331837/spontaneous-focusing-on-numerosity-in-preschool-as-a-predictor-of-mathematical-skills-and-knowledge-in-the-fifth-grade
#2
Cristina E Nanu, Jake McMullen, Petriina Munck, Minna M Hannula-Sormunen
Previous studies in a variety of countries have shown that there are substantial individual differences in children's spontaneous focusing on numerosity (SFON), and these differences are positively related to the development of early numerical skills in preschool and primary school. A total of 74 5-year-olds participated in a 7-year follow-up study, in which we explored whether SFON measured with very small numerosities at 5 years of age predicts mathematical skills and knowledge, math motivation, and reading in fifth grade at 11 years of age...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331727/individual-variation-in-working-memory-is-associated-with-fear-extinction-performance
#3
Daniel M Stout, Dean T Acheson, Tyler M Moore, Ruben C Gur, Dewleen G Baker, Mark A Geyer, Victoria B Risbrough
PTSD has been associated consistently with abnormalities in fear acquisition and extinction learning and retention. Fear acquisition refers to learning to discriminate between threat and safety cues. Extinction learning reflects the formation of a new inhibitory-memory that competes with a previously learned threat-related memory. Adjudicating the competition between threat memory and the new inhibitory memory during extinction may rely, in part, on cognitive processes such as working memory (WM). Despite significant shared neural circuits and signaling pathways the relationship between WM, fear acquisition, and extinction is poorly understood...
January 5, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330680/the-illusion-of-control-sequential-dependencies-underlie-contingent-attentional-capture
#4
Greg Huffman, Victoria M Antinucci, Jay Pratt
The degree to which humans have top-down control over which information they process remains a central debate within the attention literature. Most of the evidence supporting the top-down control of visuospatial attention has come from cueing paradigms in which target stimuli are preceded by cues that are similar or dissimilar from the target. These studies find that the cues similar to targets capture attention, but dissimilar cues do not, suggesting the top-down control of attention. Here, we used a modified cueing paradigm to investigate an alternative possibility that the cue type differences are due to sequential dependency effects occurring between cue and target processing rather than the top-down control of attention...
January 12, 2018: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330327/signal-complexity-of-human-intracranial-eeg-tracks-successful-associative-memory-formation-across-individuals
#5
Timothy C Sheehan, Vishnu Sreekumar, Sara K Inati, Kareem A Zaghloul
Memory performance is highly variable between individuals. Most studies examining human memory, however, have largely focused on the neural correlates of successful memory formation within individuals, rather than the differences between them. As such, what gives rise to this variability is poorly understood. Here, we examined intracranial EEG (iEEG) recordings captured from 43 participants (23 male) implanted with subdural electrodes for seizure monitoring as they performed a paired-associates verbal memory task...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329293/cognitive-deficits-and-educational-loss-in-children-with-schistosome-infection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Amara E Ezeamama, Amaya L Bustinduy, Allan K Nkwata, Leonardo Martinez, Noel Pabalan, Michael J Boivin, Charles H King
BACKGROUND: By means of meta-analysis of information from all relevant epidemiologic studies, we examined the hypothesis that Schistosoma infection in school-aged children (SAC) is associated with educational loss and cognitive deficits. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: This review was prospectively registered in the PROSPERO database (CRD42016040052). Medline, Biosis, and Web of Science were searched for studies published before August 2016 that evaluated associations between Schistosoma infection and cognitive or educational outcomes...
January 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329060/affective-and-cognitive-reactivity-to-mood-induction-in-chronic-depression
#7
Anne Guhn, Philipp Sterzer, Friderike H Haack, Stephan Köhler
BACKGROUND: Chronic depression (CD) is strongly associated with childhood maltreatment, which has been proposed to lead to inefficient coping styles that are characterized by abnormal affective responsiveness and dysfunctional cognitive attitudes. However, while this notion forms an important basis for psychotherapeutic strategies in the treatment of CD, there is still little direct empirical evidence for a role of altered affective and cognitive reactivity in CD. The present study therefore experimentally investigated affective and cognitive reactivity to two forms of negative mood induction in CD patients versus a healthy control sample (HC)...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327497/congenital-central-hypoventilation-syndrome-broader-cognitive-deficits-revealed-by-parent-controls
#8
Frank A Zelko, Tracey M Stewart, Cindy D Brogadir, Casey M Rand, Debra E Weese-Mayer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate neurocognitive deficits in children with Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome (CCHS) by comparing them to their parents, since parents comprise a particularly suitable control group matched on disease-extrinsic factors that can influence neurocognitive functioning. We compared CCHS patients to their parents and to population norms, hypothesizing that they would obtain lower intelligence test scores than both groups. We also compared patient-parent differences against patient-normative differences, to determine whether the two analytic approaches would yield different results...
January 12, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324924/mobile-phone-use-for-5-minutes-can-cause-significant-memory-impairment-in-humans
#9
F Kalafatakis, D Bekiaridis-Moschou, Eirini Gkioka, Magda Tsolaki
INTRODUCTION: Concerns about the possible adverse health effects of mobile phones (MP) have increased along with the expansion of their use. A number of research papers have tried to address this issue. Although many investigations concluded that MP use does have negative consequences, in terms of cognitive function of the human brain, the results so far have been divisive. A number of studies reported impairment of cognitive function after exposure to mobile phone electromagnetic field (MP EMF), while others observed no effect or improved performance...
September 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324369/early-life-social-stress-and-resting-state-functional-connectivity-in-postpartum-rat-anterior-cingulate-circuits
#10
Benjamin C Nephew, Marcelo Febo, Wei Huang, Luis M Colon-Perez, Laurellee Payne, Guillaume L Poirier, Owen Greene, Jean A King
INTRODUCTION: Continued development and refinement of resting state functional connectivity (RSFC) fMRI techniques in both animal and clinical studies has enhanced our comprehension of the adverse effects of stress on psychiatric health. The objective of the current study was to assess both maternal behavior and resting state functional connectivity (RSFC) changes in these animals when they were dams caring for their own young. It was hypothesized that ECSS exposed dams would express depressed maternal care and exhibit similar (same networks), yet different specific changes in RSFC (different individual nuclei) than reported when they were adult females...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323526/psychological-and-neural-correlates-of-embitterment-in-old-age
#11
Simone Kühn, Sandra Düzel, Johanna Drewelies, Denis Gerstorf, Ulman Lindenberger, Jürgen Gallinat
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic embitterment disorder (PTED) comprises a stress-related response to a negative life event that violates the belief system of the individual. Characteristic symptoms involve repeated intrusive thoughts, emotional arousal when reminded of the event, and decreases in well-being. METHOD: Within the scope of the present study, embitterment was treated as a continuous rather than categorical concept, and we investigated its psychological and brain structural correlates in a sample of healthy older adults...
January 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321584/the-critical-role-of-phase-difference-in-theta-oscillation-between-bilateral-parietal-cortices-for-visuospatial-working-memory
#12
Philip Tseng, Kai-Chi Iu, Chi-Hung Juan
Visual working memory (VWM) refers to people's ability to maintain and manipulate visual information on line. Its capacity varies between individuals, and neuroimaging studies have suggested a link between one's VWM capacity and theta power in the parietal cortex. However, it is unclear how the parietal cortices communicate with each other in order to support VWM processing. In two experiments we employed transcranial alternate current stimulation (tACS) to use frequency-specific (6 Hz) alternating current to modulate theta oscillation between the left and right parietal cortex with either in-phase (0° difference, Exp 1), anti-phase (180° difference, Exp 2), or sham sinusoidal current stimulation...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319408/efficacy-and-safety-of-tremella-fuciformis-in-individuals-with-subjective-cognitive-impairment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Soonhyun Ban, Suji L Lee, Hyeonseok S Jeong, Soo Mee Lim, Shinwon Park, Young Sun Hong, Jieun E Kim
The efficacy and safety of Tremella fuciformis (TF) as a nutritional supplement were assessed in individuals with subjective cognitive impairment (SCI). Seventy-five individuals with SCI were enrolled in an 8-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of TF (600 mg/day, n = 30 or 1200 mg/day, n = 30) or placebo (n = 15). The primary outcome measure was changes in total scores of the subjective memory complaint questionnaire. The secondary outcome measures were changes in performance on short-term memory and executive functions, which were assessed using standardized cognitive tests...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318489/neural-correlates-of-reappraisal-considering-working-memory-capacity-and-cognitive-flexibility
#14
Jenny Zaehringer, Rosalux Falquez, Anna-Lena Schubert, Frauke Nees, Sven Barnow
Cognitive reappraisal of emotion is strongly related to long-term mental health. Therefore, the exploration of underlying cognitive and neural mechanisms has become an essential focus of research. Considering that reappraisal and executive functions rely on a similar brain network, the question arises whether behavioral differences in executive functions modulate neural activity during reappraisal. Using functional neuroimaging, the present study aimed to analyze the role of working memory capacity (WMC) and cognitive flexibility in brain activity during down-regulation of negative emotions by reappraisal in N = 20 healthy participants...
January 9, 2018: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318375/action-compatibility-in-spatial-knowledge-developed-through-virtual-navigation
#15
Qi Wang, Holly A Taylor, Tad T Brunyé
Action-compatibility effects (ACEs) arise due to incongruity between perceptuo-motor traces stored in memory and the perceptuo-motor demands of a retrieval task. Recent research has suggested that ACEs arising during spatial memory retrieval are additionally modulated by individual differences in how experienced participants are with a college campus environment. However, the extent and nature of experience with a real-world environment is difficult to assess and control, and characteristics of the retrieval task itself might modulate ACEs during spatial memory retrieval...
January 9, 2018: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316955/single-molecule-techniques-to-quantify-and-genetically-characterise-persistent-hiv
#16
REVIEW
Xiao Qian Wang, Sarah Palmer
Antiretroviral therapy effectively suppresses, but does not eradicate HIV-1 infection. Persistent low-level HIV-1 can still be detected in plasma and cellular reservoirs even after years of effective therapy, and cessation of current treatments invariably results in resumption of viral replication. Efforts to eradicate persistent HIV-1 require a comprehensive examination of the quantity and genetic composition of HIV-1 within the plasma and infected cells located in the peripheral blood and tissues throughout the body...
January 9, 2018: Retrovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316819/hearing-aid-noise-suppression-and-working-memory-function
#17
Tobias Neher, Kirsten C Wagener, Rosa-Linde Fischer
OBJECTIVE: Research findings concerning the relation between benefit from hearing aid (HA) noise suppression and working memory function are inconsistent. The current study thus investigated the effects of three noise suppression algorithms on auditory working memory and the relation with reading span. DESIGN: Using a computer simulation of bilaterally fitted HAs, four settings were tested: (1) unprocessed, (2) directional microphones, (3) single-channel noise reduction, and (4) binaural coherence-based noise reduction...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316520/psychosocial-functioning-in-patients-with-psychotic-and-non-psychotic-bipolar-i-disorder-a-comparative-study-with-individuals-with-schizophrenia
#18
Estela Jiménez-López, Eva María Sánchez-Morla, Ana Isabel Aparicio, Ana López-Villarreal, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno, Roberto Rodriguez-Jimenez, Eduard Vieta, José Luis Santos
BACKGROUND: More than 50% of individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) do not reach full psychosocial functioning, even during periods of euthymia. It has been suggested that history of psychotic symptoms is one of the factors which are associated with a worse functional outcome. The objective was to compare psychosocial functioning between patients with BD, with (BD-P), and without (BD-NP) a history of psychotic symptoms, and to examine whether the history of psychotic symptoms, or other clinical or neurocognitive variables predict psychosocial functioning...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316334/geriatric-assessment-of-physical-and-cognitive-functioning-in-a-diverse-cohort-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients-a-pilot-study
#19
Laura Plantinga, Benjamin D Tift, Charmayne Dunlop-Thomas, S Sam Lim, C Barrett Bowling, Cristina Drenkard
OBJECTIVE: To use multi-domain functional assessment, commonly performed in geriatric patients but novel among SLE patients, to better understand functional impairment in SLE. METHODS: We recruited 60 adult participants [aged 20-39 (26.7%), 40-59 (50.0%), and ≥60 (23.3%); 80.0% black; 90.0% female] from an existing cohort of SLE patients. During in-person visits (10/16-4/17), we evaluated physical performance (range 0-4; higher scores = better performance); cognitive performance (five fluid cognition domains; adjusted t-scores); and self-reported measures including physical functioning (t-scores), activities of daily living (ADLs), falls, and life-space mobility...
January 5, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310459/psychometrics-of-the-iowa-and-berlin-gambling-tasks-unresolved-issues-with-reliability-and-validity-for-risk-taking
#20
Florian Schmitz, Olga Kunina-Habenicht, Andrea Hildebrandt, Klaus Oberauer, Oliver Wilhelm
The Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) is one of the most prominent paradigms employed for the assessment of risk taking in the laboratory, and it was shown to distinguish between various patient groups and controls. The present study was conducted to test the psychometric characteristics of the original IGT and of a new gambling task variant for assessing individual differences. Two studies were conducted with adults of the general population ( n = 220) and with adolescents ( n = 389). Participants were also tested on multiple measures of working memory capacity, fluid intelligence, personality traits associated with risk-taking behavior, and self-reported risk taking in various domains...
January 1, 2018: Assessment
keyword
keyword
118497
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"