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kinesine motor protein

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534180/the-c-terminal-kinesin-motor-kifc1-may-participate-in-nuclear-reshaping-and-flagellum-formation-during-spermiogenesis-of-larimichthys-crocea
#1
Dan-Dan Zhang, Xin-Ming Gao, Yong-Qiang Zhao, Cong-Cong Hou, Jun-Quan Zhu
Spermatogenesis is a highly ordered process in the differentiation of male germ cells. Nuclear morphogenesis is one of the most fundamental cellular transformations to take place during spermatogenesis. These striking transformations from spermatogonia to spermatozoa are a result of phase-specific adaption of the cytoskeleton and its association with molecular motor proteins. KIFC1 is a C-terminal kinesin motor protein that plays an essential role in acrosome formation and nuclear reshaping during spermiogenesis in mammals...
May 23, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505371/the-arm-domain-of-armadillo-repeat-kinesin-1-is-not-required-for-microtubule-catastrophe-but-can-negatively-regulate-nima-related-kinase-6-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#2
Ryan C Eng, Laryssa S Halat, Samuel J Livingston, Tatsuya Sakai, Hiroyasu Motose, Geoffrey Wasteneys
Microtubules are dynamic filaments, the assembly and disassembly of which are under precise control of various associated proteins, including motor proteins and regulatory enzymes. In Arabidopsis thaliana, two such proteins are the ARMADILLO-REPEAT KINESIN 1 (ARK1), which promotes microtubule disassembly, and the NIMA-RELATED KINASE 6 (NEK6), which has a role in organizing microtubule arrays. Previous yeast 2-hybrid and in vitro pull-down assays determined that NEK6 can interact with ARK1 through the latter protein's Armadillo-repeat (ARM) cargo domain...
May 13, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496990/mtorc1-regulates-mannose-6-phosphate-receptor-transport-and-t-cell-vulnerability-to-regulatory-t-cells-by-controlling-kinesin-kif13a
#3
Khawaja Ashfaque Ahmed, Jim Xiang
Mannose-6-phosphate receptor (M6PR) that facilitates cellular uptake of M6P-bearing proteins, including serine-protease granzyme-B (Gzm-B) has an important role in T-cell activation, migration and contraction. However, molecular mechanisms controlling M6PR expression in T cells remain poorly understood. Here, we show that M6PR expression on T cells is distinctively controlled by two common γ-chain cytokines interleukin-2 (IL-2) and IL-7, and the differential M6PR expression is not caused by an altered synthesis of M6PR protein, but is a result of distinct regulation of kinesin-3 motor-protein KIF13A that transport M6PR onto cell surfaces...
2017: Cell Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490438/deficiency-in-kinesin-1-recruitment-to-melanosomes-precludes-it-from-facilitating-their-centrifugal-transport
#4
Christopher L Robinson, Richard D Evans, Deborah A Briggs, Jose S Ramalho, Alistair N Hume
Microtubules and F-actin, and associated motor proteins, are considered to play complementary roles in long- and short-range organelle transport. However, there is growing appreciation that myosin/F-actin networks can drive long-range transport. In melanocytes myosin-Va and kinesin-1 have both been proposed as long-range centrifugal melanosome transporters. Here we investigated the role of kinesin-1 heavy chain (Kif5b) and its suggested targeting factor Rab1a in transport. Using confocal microscopy and sub-cellular fractionation we did not detect Kif5b or Rab1a on melanosomes...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484025/common-general-anesthetic-propofol-impairs-kinesin-processivity
#5
Brandon M Bensel, Stephanie Guzik-Lendrum, Erin M Masucci, Kellie A Woll, Roderic G Eckenhoff, Susan P Gilbert
Propofol is the most widely used i.v. general anesthetic to induce and maintain anesthesia. It is now recognized that this small molecule influences ligand-gated channels, including the GABAA receptor and others. Specific propofol binding sites have been mapped using photoaffinity ligands and mutagenesis; however, their precise target interaction profiles fail to provide complete mechanistic underpinnings for the anesthetic state. These results suggest that propofol and other common anesthetics, such as etomidate and ketamine, may target additional protein networks of the CNS to contribute to the desired and undesired anesthesia end points...
May 23, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472620/bidirectionality-from-cargo-thermal-fluctuations-in-motor-mediated-transport
#6
Christopher E Miles, James P Keener
Molecular motor proteins serve as an essential component of intracellular transport by generating forces to haul cargoes along cytoskeletal filaments. Two species of motors that are directed oppositely (e.g. kinesin, dynein) can be attached to the same cargo, which is known to produce bidirectional net motion. Although previous work focuses on the motor number as the driving noise source for switching, we propose an alternative mechanism: cargo diffusion. A mean-field mathematical model of mechanical interactions of two populations of molecular motors with cargo thermal fluctuations (diffusion) is presented to study this phenomenon...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461574/microtubule-based-transport-and-the-distribution-tethering-and-organization-of-organelles
#7
REVIEW
Kari Barlan, Vladimir I Gelfand
SUMMARYMicrotubules provide long tracks along which a broad range of organelles and vesicles are transported by kinesin and dynein motors. Motor protein complexes also tether cargoes to cytoskeletal filaments, helping facilitate their interaction and communication. The generation of biochemically distinct microtubule subpopulations allows subsets of motors to recognize a given microtubule identity, allowing further organization within the cytoplasm. Both transport and tethering are spatiotemporally regulated through multiple modes, including acute modification of both motor-cargo and motor-track associations by various physiological signals...
May 1, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459979/ocular-congenital-cranial-dysinnervation-disorders-ccdds-insights-into-axon-growth-and-guidance
#8
Mary C Whitman, Elizabeth C Engle
Unraveling the genetics of the paralytic strabismus syndromes known as congenital cranial dysinnervation disorders (CCDDs) is both informing physicians and their patients and broadening our understanding of development of the ocular motor system. Genetic mutations underlying ocular CCDDs alter either motor neuron specification or motor nerve development, and highlight the importance of modulations of cell signaling, cytoskeletal transport, and microtubule dynamics for axon growth and guidance. Here we review recent advances in our understanding of two CCDDs, congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles (CFEOM) and Duane retraction syndrome (DRS), and discuss what they have taught us about mechanisms of axon guidance and selective vulnerability...
April 28, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445929/the-kinesin-motor-protein-kif7-is-required-for-t-cell-development-and-normal-mhc-expression-on-thymic-epithelial-cells-tec-in-the-thymus
#9
Ching-In Lau, Alessandro Barbarulo, Anisha Solanki, José Ignacio Saldaña, Tessa Crompton
Kif7 is a ciliary kinesin motor protein that regulates mammalian Hedgehog pathway activation through influencing structure of the primary cilium. Here we show that Kif7 is required for normal T-cell development, despite the fact that T-cells lack primary cilia. Analysis of Kif7-deficient thymus showed that Kif7-deficiency increases the early CD44+CD25+CD4-CD8- thymocyte progenitor population but reduces differentiation to CD4+CD8+ double positive (DP) cell. At the transition from DP to mature T-cell, Kif7-deficiency selectively delayed maturation to the CD8 lineage...
April 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444310/arl3-and-rp2-regulate-the-trafficking-of-ciliary-tip-kinesins
#10
Nele Schwarz, Amelia Lane, Katarina Jovanovich, David A Parfitt, Monica Aguila, Clare L Thompson, Lyndon da Cruz, Peter J Coffey, J Paul Chapple, Alison J Hardcastle, Michael E Cheetham
Ciliary trafficking defects are the underlying cause of many ciliopathies, including Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP). Anterograde intraflagellar transport (IFT) is mediated by kinesin motor proteins; however, the function of the homodimeric Kif17 motor in cilia is poorly understood, whereas Kif7 is known to play an important role in stabilising cilia tips. Here we identified the ciliary tip kinesins Kif7 and Kif17 as novel interaction partners of the small GTPase Arl3 and its regulatory GTPase activating protein (GAP) Retinitis Pigmentosa 2 (RP2)...
April 21, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442535/multiple-kinesin-14-family-members-drive-microtubule-minus-end-directed-transport-in-plant-cells
#11
Moé Yamada, Yohko Tanaka-Takiguchi, Masahito Hayashi, Momoko Nishina, Gohta Goshima
Minus end-directed cargo transport along microtubules (MTs) is exclusively driven by the molecular motor dynein in a wide variety of cell types. Interestingly, during evolution, plants have lost the genes encoding dynein; the MT motors that compensate for dynein function are unknown. Here, we show that two members of the kinesin-14 family drive minus end-directed transport in plants. Gene knockout analyses of the moss Physcomitrella patens revealed that the plant-specific class VI kinesin-14, KCBP, is required for minus end-directed transport of the nucleus and chloroplasts...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431155/motoring-through-the-role-of-kinesin-superfamily-proteins-in-female-meiosis
#12
Nicole J Camlin, Eileen A McLaughlin, Janet E Holt
BACKGROUND: The kinesin motor protein family consists of 14 distinct subclasses and 45 kinesin proteins in humans. A large number of these proteins, or their orthologues, have been shown to possess essential function(s) in both the mitotic and the meiotic cell cycle. Kinesins have important roles in chromosome separation, microtubule dynamics, spindle formation, cytokinesis and cell cycle progression. This article contains a review of the literature with respect to the role of kinesin motor proteins in female meiosis in model species...
April 18, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430595/minus-end-directed-kinesin-14-kifc1-regulates-the-positioning-and-architecture-of-the-golgi-apparatus
#13
Zhen-Yu She, Meng-Ying Pan, Fu-Qing Tan, Wan-Xi Yang
The Golgi apparatus is the central organelle along the eukaryotic secretory and endocytic pathway. In non-polarized mammalian cells, the Golgi complex is usually located proximal to the nucleus at the cell center and is closely associated with the microtubule organizing center. Microtubule networks are essential in the organization and central localization of the Golgi apparatus, but the molecular basis underlying these processes are poorly understood. Here we reveal that minus end-directed kinesin-14 KIFC1 proteins are required for the structural integrity and positioning of the Golgi complex in non-polarized mammalian cells...
April 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430047/arf-gaps-and-molecular-motors
#14
Ruibai Luo, Christine E Reed, Jeffrey A Sload, Linda Wordeman, Paul A Randazzo, Pei-Wen Chen
Arf GTPase-activating proteins (Arf GAPs) were first identified as regulators of the small GTP-binding proteins ADP-ribosylation factors (Arfs). The Arf GAPs are a large family of proteins in metazoans, outnumbering the Arfs that they regulate. The members of the Arf GAP family have complex domain structures and some have been implicated in particular cellular functions, such as cell migration, or with particular pathologies, such as tumor invasion and metastasis. The specific effects of Arfs sometimes depend on the Arf GAP involved in their regulation...
April 21, 2017: Small GTPases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426968/map2-defines-a-pre-axonal-filtering-zone-to-regulate-kif1-versus-kif5-dependent-cargo-transport-in-sensory-neurons
#15
Laura F Gumy, Eugene A Katrukha, Ilya Grigoriev, Dick Jaarsma, Lukas C Kapitein, Anna Akhmanova, Casper C Hoogenraad
Polarized cargo transport is essential for neuronal function. However, the minimal basic components required for selective cargo sorting and distribution in neurons remain elusive. We found that in sensory neurons the axon initial segment is largely absent and that microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2) defines the cargo-filtering zone in the proximal axon. Here, MAP2 directs axonal cargo entry by coordinating the activities of molecular motors. We show that distinct kinesins differentially regulate cargo velocity: kinesin-3 drives fast axonal cargo trafficking, while kinesin-1 slows down axonal cargo transport...
April 19, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415605/kifc1-is-essential-for-acrosome-formation-and-nuclear-shaping-during-spermiogenesis-in-the-lobster-procambarus-clarkii
#16
Dan-Dan Ma, Lian Bi, Wan-Xi Yang
In order to study the function of kinesin-14 motor protein KIFC1 during spermatogenesis of Procambarus clarkii, the full length of kifc1 was cloned from testes cDNA using Rapid-Amplification of cDNA Ends (RACE). The deduced KIFC1 protein sequence showed the highest similarity between Procambarus clarkii and Eriocheir senensis (similarity rate as 64%). According to the results of in situ hybridization (ISH), the kifc1 mRNA was gathered in the acrosome location above nucleus in the mid- and late-stage spermatids...
March 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410148/remodeling-of-tick-cytoskeleton-in-response-to-infection-with-anaplasma-phagocytophilum
#17
Alejandro Cabezas-Cruz, Pilar Alberdi, James J Valdes, Margarita Villar, Jose de la Fuente
The obligate intracellular pathogen Anaplasma phagocytophilum infects vertebrate and tick hosts. In this study, a genome-wide search for cytoskeleton components was performed in the tick vector, Ixodes scapularis. The available transcriptomics and proteomics data was then used to characterize the mRNA and protein levels of I. scapularis cytoskeleton components in response to A. phagocytophilum infection. The results showed that cytoskeleton components described in other model organisms were present in the I...
June 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409085/mechanical-properties-of-spindle-poles-are-symmetrically-balanced
#18
Kazuya Suzuki, Takeshi Itabashi, Shin'ichi Ishiwata
The metaphase spindle is organized for accurate chromosome segregation. One of the fundamental features of the spindle across the species is its symmetrical shape; the spindle consists of two polar arrays of microtubules at both ends. Although it has been suggested that the formation of the bipolar shape requires force balance coordination by molecular motors, i.e., kinesins and dyneins, quantitative analysis for the pole mechanics has not been conducted. Here, we demonstrate that it is not only the shape but also the stiffness and microtubule density of the pairs of pole regions are symmetrically balanced in single spindles self-assembled in Xenopus egg extracts...
2017: Biophysics and Physicobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392418/spastin-regulates-vamp7-containing-vesicles-trafficking-in-cortical-neurons
#19
C Plaud, V Joshi, M Marinello, D Pastré, T Galli, P A Curmi, A Burgo
Alteration of axonal transport has emerged as a common precipitating factor in several neurodegenerative disorders including Human Spastic Paraplegia (HSP). Mutations of the SPAST (SPG4) gene coding for the spastin protein account for 40% of all autosomal dominant uncomplicated HSP. By cleaving microtubules, spastin regulates several cellular processes depending on microtubule dynamics including intracellular membrane trafficking. Axonal transport is fundamental for the viability of motor neurons which often have very long axons and thus require efficient communication between the cell body and its periphery...
April 7, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373093/experimental-and-bioinformatic-characterization-of-cabp2933-an-ef-hand-protein-of-giardia-intestinalis
#20
Magda E Alvarado, Claudia Rubiano, Eliana Calvo, Vanessa Gómez, Moisés Wasserman
Giardia intestinalis is a parasite that inhabits the small intestine of humans. This parasite is a divergent eukaryote with a compact genome. The calcium ion is an essential messenger in cell signaling. Calcium's role as a messenger is mediated through calcium-binding proteins (CaBPs) that decode the message. The most important family of CaBPs is the EF-Hand protein family. In this study we have explored the role of EF-Hand protein CaBP2933. We analyzed its location, confirmed its ability to bind calcium and identified some of its interacting proteins...
March 31, 2017: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology
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