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hair cosmetics

Kathryn A Martin, R Rox Anderson, R Jeffrey Chang, David A Ehrmann, Rogerio A Lobo, M Hassan Murad, Michel M Pugeat, Robert L Rosenfield
Objective: To update the "Evaluation and Treatment of Hirsutism in Premenopausal Women: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline," published by the Endocrine Society in 2008. Participants: The participants include an Endocrine Society-appointed task force of seven medical experts and a methodologist. Evidence: This evidence-based guideline was developed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system to describe the strength of recommendations and the quality of evidence...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Carolina Bussoletti, Maria V Tolaini, Leonardo Celleno
BACKGROUND: Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is the most common type of hair loss in both males as well as females, occurring in up to 57% of women by the age of 80 years. Androgenetic alopecia is associated with a high psychological burden and often results in substantially reduced quality of life, poor body image and low self-esteem, particularly in women. Caffeine-based products have shown promise, both in vitro and in vivo, as potential treatments for AGA. This study was performed to determine the efficacy of a phyto-caffeine- containing shampoo used over a 6-month period in female subjects with AGA...
March 6, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
D Lavanya, S Manimaran, K Bhagyalakshmi
There are so many beauty salons in Metropolis to provide these services to women exclusively [1]. These beauty salons depend mostly on electricity for their services to customers, without it there is no effective means of operation [2]. These beauty salons are definitely leading to women empowerment.It is run by the women for women. Since they fall under the category of micro and small enterprises, these salons may avail so many financial and non- financial advantages from the Government of India. They also provide employment opportunities to the women employees...
February 9, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Nongsak Chanasumon, Tueboon Sriphojanart, Poonkiat Suchonwanit
Eyebrows serve as a key feature of the face and have many roles, including cosmetic appearance and social communication. Eyebrow hypotrichosis, which refers to reduction or absence of the eyebrow hair, could be a major problem that leads to negative functional, psychological, and social consequences. Bimatoprost is an ophthalmic prostamide analog that is approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of eyelash hypotrichosis. Its proposed mechanism is stimulation of the prostaglandin receptor in dermal papilla and melanocyte, thus leading to a prolonged anagen phase and increased melanogenesis...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Prompong Pienpinijtham, Chuchaat Thammacharoen, Suwimol Naranitad, Sanong Ekgasit
In this work, ATR FT-IR spectra of single human hair and cosmetic residues on hair surface are successfully collected using a homemade dome-shaped Ge μIRE accessary installed on an infrared microscope. By collecting ATR spectra of hairs from the same person, the spectral patterns are identical and superimposed while different spectral features are observed from ATR spectra of hairs collected from different persons. The spectral differences depend on individual hair characteristics, chemical treatments, and cosmetics on hair surface...
February 2, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Venkataram Mysore, Omprakash H Mahadevappa, Shyamanta Barua, Imran Majid, Vishalakshi Viswanath, Ramesh M Bhat, Suresh Talwar, Salim Thurakkal, Sanjeev J Aurangabadkar, Manas Chatterjee, Anil Ganjoo
Background: Currently, the standard protocol regarding the performance of procedures on patients receiving or having recently received isotretinoin (13- cis -retinoic acid) states that the procedures should not be performed. The recommendations in standard books and drug insert require discontinuation of isotretinoin for 6 months before performing cosmetic procedures, including waxing, dermabrasion, chemical peels, laser procedures, or incisional and excisional cold-steel surgery. These recommendations have been followed for over two decades despite little evidence for the stated increased risk of scarring...
October 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
Ren-Feng Liu, Tseng-Tong Kuo, Yen-Yu Chao, Yu-Huei Huang
Radiesse is a soft tissue filler which has been widely used for cosmetic enhancement. The safety of Radiesse has been thoroughly investigated via numerous studies. A late-onset complication of Radiesse injection consists of foreign body granulomas, with only three case reports in over 10 years of clinical use. Herein, we describe the case of a patient who experienced alopecia with foreign body granulomas at the injection region one month after receiving a Radiesse injection. To our knowledge, this is the first report in the English literature of alopecia as an adverse event associated with Radiesse injection...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Mpofana Nomakhosi, Abrahamse Heidi
A blemish free, even-toned skin is universally associated with healthy skin. This reasoning makes people desire to have a flawless skin. Melanin is a naturally occurring pigment in humans. This pigment is responsible for skin, hair, and eye color, therefore determines our race and phenotypic appearance. On darker skin types, it is common that melanin production processes malfunctions. These malfunctions often lead to overproduction and secretion of melanin. As a result, unwanted pigmentary problems such melasma occur...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Elisa Dias de Melo, Ann Mounteer, Eduarda Reis, Ellen Costa, Alana Vilete
Toxicity reduction in wastewaters from small hair care products manufacturing companies using coagulation/flocculation/sedimentation or flotation, membrane separation and powdered activated charcoal adsorption was evaluated. Raw wastewater composition varied widely within and especially between companies, but all exhibited high acute toxicity to Daphnia similis (EC(I)50; 48 h < 0.02-0.33%). Coagulation with aluminum sulfate and polyaluminum chloride aided by cationic or anionic polymers, as well as filtration on ultra (UF) and nanofiltration (NF) membranes efficiently removed turbidity (>99%) and oil and grease (>99%) and all treated samples exhibited similar dissolved organic matter contents...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Rachita S Dhurat, Sujit J S Shanshanwal, Ameet L Dandale
Background: Cosmetic deformities can result from various types of alopecia or even post hair transplantation procedures. Patients with such deformities seek aesthetically appealing longer-lasting options. Scalp concealers are commonly used by men and women to camouflage these deformities. Scalp micropigmentation (SMP) is one of the concealers recently gaining popularity. Objectives: SMP is a novel technique wherein microdot tattoos are placed in a stippling pattern to mimic hair follicles that are cut close to the scalp and various variables affecting its outcome were evaluated...
July 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
Jong-Hwan Kim, Eun-Young Cho, Euna Kwon, Woo-Ho Kim, Jin-Sung Park, Yong-Soon Lee, Jun-Won Yun, Byeong-Cheol Kang
Thread-embedding therapy has been widely applied for cosmetic purposes such as wrinkle reduction and skin tightening. Particularly, gold thread was reported to support connective tissue regeneration, but, its role in hair biology remains largely unknown due to lack of investigation. When we implanted gold thread and Happy Lift™ in human patient for facial lifting, we unexpectedly found an increase of hair regrowth in spite of no use of hair growth medications. When embedded into the depilated dorsal skin of mice, gold thread or polyglycolic acid (PGA) thread, similarly to 5% minoxidil, significantly increased the number of hair follicles on day 14 after implantation...
December 2017: Laboratory Animal Research
Hyung Min Hahn, Yoo Jung Lee, Myong Chul Park, Il Jae Lee, Sue Min Kim, Dong Ha Park
Background: The traditional approach for reduction of frontal sinus fractures is coronal incision. Inherent complications of the coronal approach include long scar, hair loss, and long operation time. We describe a simple approach for the reduction of frontal sinus anterior wall fractures using a suprabrow incision that is commonly used for brow lift. Methods: From March 2007 to October 2016, the authors identified patients with anterior wall frontal sinus fractures treated by open reduction through a suprabrow incision...
December 2017: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
Mauro Barbareschi
Even if minoxidil has been known for over 30 years as "hair growth stimulator" the precise mechanism of its action is not completely elucitated. Minoxidil shortens telogen, accelerates telogen-exogen phase and causes the premature entry of resting hair follicles into anagen phase. Moreover, minoxidil increases hair follicle size. A large part of hair treatment scientific literature confirms the efficacy of topically applied minoxidil in humans. In particular, patients treated with minoxidil showed a significant increase in "non vellus" hair count starting from baseline...
February 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
Pavel Mokrejš, Matouš Huťťa, Jana Pavlačková, Pavlína Egner
Keratin hydrolysates (KHs) are established standard components in hair cosmetics. Understanding the moisturizing effects of KH is advantageous for skin-care cosmetics. The goals of the protocol are: (1) to process chicken feathers into KH by alkaline-enzymatic hydrolysis and purify it by dialysis, and (2) to test if adding KH into an ointment base (OB) increases hydration of the skin and improves skin barrier function by diminishing transepidermal water loss (TEWL). During alkaline-enzymatic hydrolysis feathers are first incubated at a higher temperature in an alkaline environment and then, under mild conditions, hydrolyzed with proteolytic enzyme...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Yu-Mi Kim, Soon-Joung Kwon, Hyun-Joon Jang, Young-Kwon Seo
The objective of this study is to evaluate of rice bran mineral extract (RBM) increases the expression of anagen-related molecules in human dermal papilla (DOCs). Four treatment groups were established to evaluate the efficacy of RBM, including a negative control, positive control (ascorbic acid), RBM and ortho-silicic acid (Si(OH)4) (OSA) group. Three days after the DPCs were administered the various treatments, western blot analysis showed that type I collagen expression was increased 2.5-fold in the OSA group and 4-fold in the RBM group, and ALP expression was increased 1...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
C Dumitrascu, R Paul, R Kingston, Rachel Williams
Fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEE) are direct metabolites of ethanol and have been shown to be suitable markers for the evaluation of alcohol consumption. Previous research has suggested that the regular use of alcohol containing cosmetic products can influence the concentration of FAEE detected in hair. In this study we investigated the influence of alcohol containing and alcohol free hair cosmetics (hairspray and waxes) on the FAEE concentrations in hair. The effect of cosmetic treatment was measured against the impact on ethyl palmitate in isolation as compared to the sum of four esters...
December 11, 2017: Forensic Science International
Wilbur Johnson, Bart Heldreth, Wilma F Bergfeld, Donald V Belsito, Ronald A Hill, Curtis D Klaassen, Daniel C Liebler, James G Marks, Ronald C Shank, Thomas J Slaga, Paul W Snyder, F Alan Andersen
Dimethiconol and its esters and reaction products are used in cosmetics as either skin-conditioning agents or hair-conditioning agents. The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel reviewed relevant data and concluded that these ingredients are safe in the present practices of use and concentration described in this safety assessment. While there is an absence of data on reproductive and developmental toxicity and limited tumorigenicity and toxicokinetics data, the Panel reasoned that these ingredients would not be absorbed through the skin, obviating concern over potential reproductive and developmental toxicity or carcinogenicity...
November 2017: International Journal of Toxicology
Seul Min Choi, Tae Hyun Roh, Duck Soo Lim, Sam Kacew, Hyung Sik Kim, Byung-Mu Lee
A risk assessment of benzalkonium chloride (BAC) was conducted based upon its toxicological profile and exposure evaluation. Since 1935, BAC has been used in a wide variety of products such as disinfectants, preservatives, and sanitizers. It is well-established that BAC is not genotoxic nor does it display tumorigenic potential, but safety concerns have been raised in local usage such as for ocular and intranasal applications. The Foundation of Korea Cosmetic Industry Institute (KCII) reported that in a hair conditioner manufactured as a cosmetic or personal product in South Korea, BAC was present at concentrations of 0...
2018: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
A Salomone, A Bozzo, D Di Corcia, E Gerace, M Vincenti
Ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) in hair are effective direct biomarkers of ethanol ingestion, whose analytical determination can be used to discriminate between chronic and occasional ethanol intake. Ethanol is a compound widely used in some workplaces (e.g., clinics, hospitals) and is present in considerable amounts in mouthwash for oral cleaning, medications, cosmetic products, hydro-alcoholic disinfectants and antiseptics for hands. This study examined the ethyl alcohol exposure derived from hand disinfectants (in gel form) by simulating the typical occupational situation of medical-health workers (healthcare workers, nurses, surgeons, etc...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
Mohammad M Al-Qattan, Abdullah E Kattan
INTRODUCTION: The hair-bearing superficial temporal artery free flap has been used in men for total upper lip reconstruction. In this paper we present a case of a partial upper lip defect in a man that was reconstructed with a pedicle superficial temporal artery flap. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Following a car accident, a 35-year old man sustained a partial upper defect. The defect included the entire "outer lamella" (i.e. the skin and red lip) of the right hemi-lip as well as the outer part of the muscle (i...
2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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