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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220861/do-we-need-plant-food-supplements-a-critical-examination-of-quality-safety-efficacy-and-necessity-for-a-new-regulatory-framework
#1
Mona Abdel-Tawab
Given the expanding market of plant food supplements (PFSs) not undergoing any pre-marketing authorization, the overall quality, safety and efficacy of PFSs were subjected to a critical examination. Although many high-quality PFSs exist on the legal market, quality concerns are in general justified. Besides economic adulteration, active ingredients dramatically differing from label claims and among products were reported in several studies. In addition, PFSs sold via the Internet may be intentionally adulterated with undeclared prescription drugs...
December 8, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220774/mitigating-land-pollution-through-pesticide-packages-the-case-of-a-collection-scheme-in-rural-china
#2
Shuqin Jin, Bettina Bluemling, Arthur P J Mol
Pesticide packages that are discarded on agricultural land can contaminate water bodies and pose a threat to the environment and human health. Little is known about how developing countries deal with this kind of land pollution. While in developed countries, packages are collected by professional organizations, the smallholder context in developing countries makes the collection of this waste much more difficult. This paper introduces and analyses a successful Pesticide Package Collection Scheme in one of the poorest regions in China, i...
December 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220727/the-health-impacts-of-weekday-traffic-a-health-risk-assessment-of-pm2-5-emissions-during-congested-periods
#3
Weeberb J Requia, Christopher D Higgins, Matthew D Adams, Moataz Mohamed, Petros Koutrakis
Little work has accounted for congestion, using data that reflects driving patterns, traffic volume, and speed, to examine the association between traffic emissions and human health. In this study, we performed a health risk assessment of PM2.5 emissions during congestion periods in the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area (GTHA), Canada. Specifically, we used a micro-level approach that combines the Stochastic User Equilibrium Traffic Assignment Algorithm with a MOVES emission model to estimate emissions considering congestion conditions...
December 5, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218540/corporate-philanthropy-toward-community-health-improvement-in-manufacturing-communities
#4
Megan McHugh, Diane Farley, Claude R Maechling, Dorothy D Dunlop, Dustin D French, Jane L Holl
Virtually all large employers engage in corporate philanthropy, but little is known about the extent to which it is directed toward improving community health. We conducted in-depth interviews with leaders of corporate philanthropy from 13 of the largest manufacturing companies in the US to understand how giving decisions were made, the extent to which funding was directed towards improving community health, and whether companies coordinate with local public health agencies. We found that corporate giving was sizable and directed towards communities in which the manufacturers have a large presence...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217998/targeting-adenosine-signaling-in-parkinson-s-disease-from-pharmacological-to-non-pharmacological-approaches
#5
REVIEW
Luiza R Nazario, Rosane S da Silva, Carla D Bonan
Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most prevalent neurodegenerative disease displaying negative impacts on both the health and social ability of patients and considerable economical costs. The classical anti-parkinsonian drugs based in dopaminergic replacement are the standard treatment, but several motor side effects emerge during long-term use. This mini-review presents the rationale to several efforts from pre-clinical and clinical studies using adenosine receptor antagonists as a non-dopaminergic therapy...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217954/the-barriers-to-achieve-financial-protection-in-iranian-health-system-a-qualitative-study-in-a-developing-country
#6
Seyran Naghdi, Tayebeh Moradi, Fateh Tavangar, Giti Bahrami, Mohammadi Shahboulaghi, Hesam Ghiasvand
Background: The move to universal health coverage and consequently health promotion is influenced by political, socio-economic and other contextual factors in a country. Iran, as a developing country with an upper-middle national income, has developed policies to achieve universal health coverage through financial protection. This study aims to investigate barriers to develop financial protection as a requirement to achieve universal health coverage. Materials and Methods: This qualitative study was conducted using 20 in-depth interviews with experts in social welfare, health insurance and financing...
September 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217949/the-effect-of-psychosocial-factors-and-patients-perception-of-tuberculosis-treatment-non-adherence-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#7
Habteyes Hailu Tola, Gholamreza Garmaroudi, Davoud Shojaeizadeh, Azar Tol, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Luche Tadesse Ejeta, Abebaw Kebede, Desta Kassa
Background: Although there are several studies reported on factors affecting tuberculosis (TB) treatment non-adherence, there is information gap on psychosocial and patients' perceptions aspects. Therefore, this study was aimed to investigate the effect of psychosocial factors and patients' perceptions on TB treatment non-adherence in Ethiopia. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in Addis Ababa from May to December, 2014. Thirty one health facilities were randomly selected and 698 TB patients, who had been on treatment, were enrolled consecutively using patient registration number...
September 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217424/modelling-the-impact-of-future-socio-economic-and-climate-change-scenarios-on-river-microbial-water-quality
#8
M M Majedul Islam, Muhammad Shahid Iqbal, Rik Leemans, Nynke Hofstra
Microbial surface water quality is important, as it is related to health risk when the population is exposed through drinking, recreation or consumption of irrigated vegetables. The microbial surface water quality is expected to change with socio-economic development and climate change. This study explores the combined impacts of future socio-economic and climate change scenarios on microbial water quality using a coupled hydrodynamic and water quality model (MIKE21FM-ECOLab). The model was applied to simulate the baseline (2014-2015) and future (2040s and 2090s) faecal indicator bacteria (FIB: E...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217329/-the-changing-profile-of-caregivers-of-persons-aged-65-years-and-over-with-disabilities-within-a-persisting-family-care-model
#9
Pilar Zueras, Jeroen Spijker, Amand Blanes
INTRODUCTION: The increasing participation of women in the workforce may make it difficult to sustain the current model of elderly care. The aim of this article was to determine the changing sociodemographic profile of informal elderly caregivers with disabilities, the interaction between employment and care, and the view of the public on the responsibility of that care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of secondary data from four national surveys were used: the disability surveys held in 1999 (N=3,936) and 2008 (N=5,257), the 2011-12 National Health Survey (N=439), and the Family and Gender survey of 2012 (N=1,359)...
December 4, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216905/variations-in-visceral-leishmaniasis-burden-mortality-and-the-pathway-to-care-within-bihar-india
#10
Sarah Jervis, Lloyd A C Chapman, Shweta Dwivedi, Morchan Karthick, Aritra Das, Epke A Le Rutte, Orin Courtenay, Graham F Medley, Indranath Banerjee, Tanmay Mahapatra, Indrajit Chaudhuri, Sridhar Srikantiah, T Déirdre Hollingsworth
BACKGROUND: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) has been targeted by the WHO for elimination as a public health problem (< 1 case/10,000 people/year) in the Indian sub-continent (ISC) by 2020. Bihar State in India, which accounts for the majority of cases in the ISC, remains a major target for this elimination effort. However, there is considerable spatial, temporal and sub-population variation in occurrence of the disease and the pathway to care, which is largely unexplored and a threat to achieving the target...
December 7, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216849/economic-evaluations-of-ergonomic-interventions-preventing-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-systematic-review-of-organizational-level-interventions
#11
Hélène Sultan-Taïeb, Annick Parent-Lamarche, Aurélie Gaillard, Susan Stock, Nektaria Nicolakakis, Quan Nha Hong, Michel Vezina, Youssouph Coulibaly, Nicole Vézina, Diane Berthelette
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) represent a major public health problem and economic burden to employers, workers and health insurance systems. This systematic review had two objectives: (1) to analyze the cost-benefit results of organizational-level ergonomic workplace-based interventions aimed at preventing WMSD, (2) to explore factors related to the implementation process of these interventions (obstacles and facilitating factors) in order to identify whether economic results may be due to a successful or unsuccessful implementation...
December 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216830/factors-associated-with-birth-preparedness-and-complication-readiness-in-southern-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#12
Eshetu Andarge, Aderajew Nigussie, Mekitie Wondafrash
BACKGROUND: Birth preparedness and complication readiness (BP/CR) is a strategy to promote use of skilled maternal and neonatal care so that they can get timely skilled care, particularly during child birth. There is minimal evidence on the factors associated with BP/CR among pregnant women in Ethiopia. Hence, this study aimed to assess the factors influencing BP/CR among pregnant women in Southern Ethiopia for the purpose of improving utilization of skilled attendant at birth. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 707 pregnant women in Southern Ethiopia in March 2015...
December 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216783/moving-towards-improved-vaccines-for-toxoplasma-gondii
#13
Yawen Li, Huaiyu Zhou
Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular parasitic protozoan that infects almost all warm-blooded animals and humans, resulting in threats to public health and economic losses. Despite continuous research efforts, there are still very few effective strategies against toxoplasmosis. In the past few years, numerous vaccination experiments have been performed to control T. gondii infection. Areas covered: In this review, the authors summarize the development of T. gondii vaccines with proper adjuvants, ranging from live or live-attenuated vaccines to protein vaccines, DNA vaccines, epitope vaccines and novel vaccines...
December 8, 2017: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216780/using-cost-analyses-to-inform-health-professions-education-the-economic-cost-of-pre-clinical-failure
#14
Jonathan Foo, Dragan Ilic, George Rivers, Darrell J R Evans, Kieran Walsh, Terry P Haines, Sophie Paynter, Prue Morgan, Stephen Maloney
BACKGROUND: Student failure creates additional economic costs. Knowing the cost of failure helps to frame its economic burden relative to other educational issues, providing an evidence-base to guide priority setting and allocation of resources. The Ingredients Method is a cost-analysis approach which has been previously applied to health professions education research. In this study, the Ingredients Method is introduced, and applied to a case study, investigating the cost of pre-clinical student failure...
December 7, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216669/-it-is-up-to-you-a-qualitative-study-of-inequalities-in-healthcare-from-the-patient-s-perspective
#15
Sara Lena Schröder, Olaf Martin, Martin Mlinarić, Matthias Richter
Objective The aim of this qualitative study was to explore inequalities in healthcare from the patient's perspective. Methods 44 semi-structured interviews with patients, aged 59-80 years, were conducted at the university hospital in Halle, Germany in 2014 and 2015. We analyzed the narratives following inductive qualitative content analysis. Results Most of the patients (82%) perceived inequalities in healthcare. Dimensions of healthcare inequalities from the patient's perspective were regional differences, type of health insurance, quality of physicians and the patients themselves (Income, Age)...
December 7, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216565/incidence-prevalence-mortality-disability-adjusted-life-years-and-risk-factors-of-cancer-in-australia-and-comparison-with-oecd-countries-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#16
Yohannes Adama Melaku, Sarah L Appleton, Tiffany K Gill, Felix A Ogbo, Elizabeth Buckley, Zumin Shi, Tim Driscoll, Robert Adams, Benjamin C Cowie, Christina Fitzmaurice
BACKGROUND: Comparative evidence on the burden, trend, and risk factors of cancer is limited. Using data from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study, we aimed to assess cancer burden - incidence, prevalence, mortality, disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) - and attributable risk factors for Australia between 1990 and 2015, and to compare them with those of 34 members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). METHODS: The general GBD cancer estimation methods were used with data input from vital registration systems and cancer registries...
December 4, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216493/intimate-partner-violence-against-women-circumstances-of-aggressions-and-oral-maxillofacial-traumas-a-medical-legal-and-forensic-approach
#17
Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Luzia Michelle Santos, Alysson Vinicius Porto Ferreira, Tomás Lucio Marques de Almeida Lima, Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Sérgio d'Avila
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health problem that frequently results in oral-maxillofacial traumas, generating high social and economic costs. The aim of this study was to describe the profile of women victims of IPV and determine the pattern of oral-maxillofacial traumas, according to a medical-legal and forensic perspective. An exploratory study of 1361 suspected cases of women victims of IPV was carried out based on database of an Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Dentistry of Northeastern Brazil during a period of 4 years...
December 4, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215961/analysis-of-air-quality-in-dire-dawa-ethiopia
#18
Oluwasinaayomi Faith Kasim, Muluneh Woldetisadik Abshare, Samuel Babatunde Agbola
Ambient air quality was monitored and analysed to develop air quality index and its implications for liveability and climate change in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia. Using survey research design, 16 geo-referenced locations, representing different land uses, were randomly selected and assessed for sulphur dioxide (SO2) nitrogen dioxide (NO2), carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO),Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) and meteorological parameters (temperature and relative humidity). The study found mean concentrations across all land uses for SO2 of 0...
December 7, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215153/the-role-of-municipal-public-policies-in-oral-health-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-brazil-a-multilevel-study
#19
Violeta Rodrigues Aguiar, Marcos Pascoal Pattussi, Roger Keller Celeste
OBJECTIVES: It is known that fluoridation has a contextual effect on oral health socioeconomic inequalities, but broad public policies have not been investigated. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the effects of municipal public policies on oral health across different social strata. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with 7328 12-year-old children and 5445 15-19-year-old adolescents from 177 Brazilian municipalities. Information at municipal level was collated for dental services, educational services, sanitation and water fluoridation...
December 7, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215130/use-of-anticoagulant-rodenticides-in-outdoor-urban-areas-considerations-and-proposals-for-the-protection-of-public-health-and-non-target-species
#20
M Dutto, D Di Domenico, M Rubbiani
Rodent control operations represent an important tool for the prevention and management of infestations, in outdoor environments, by synanthropic rodents (Rattus rattus and R. norvegicus), which are a source of economic and environmental damage with significant sanitary implications. Although the use of anticoagulants is safer to humans and pets compared to the use of acute poisoning substances, an intrinsic hazard of the active ingredients exists, i.e. the possible poisoning of non-target organisms (e.g., children, pets and wildlife) following exposure...
January 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
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