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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479496/effect-of-early-life-physical-growth-on-midlife-vertebral-dimensions-the-northern-finland-birth-cohort-1966-study
#1
Petteri Oura, Markus Paananen, Marja Ojaniemi, Juha Auvinen, Juho-Antti Junno, Jaro Karppinen, Jaakko Niinimäki
Small vertebral size is an independent risk factor for osteoporotic vertebral fractures. Physical growth in early life is related to bone health in later life, but the relationship of early growth versus vertebral size has been inconclusively studied. Utilizing the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 with a 47-year follow-up, we investigated how physical growth in early life is associated with midlife vertebral dimensions. We obtained several physical growth parameters of 1) birth (gestational age, length, weight, BMI), 2) infancy and childhood (peak height velocity (PHV), peak weight velocity (PWV), adiposity peak (AP), adiposity rebound (AR)), and 3) puberty (BMI at growth spurt take-off (TO), PHV, height change)...
May 4, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431383/protocolized-hyperventilation-enhances-electroconvulsive-therapy
#2
Aida de Arriba-Arnau, Antonia Dalmau, Virginia Soria, Neus Salvat-Pujol, Carmina Ribes, Ana Sánchez-Allueva, José Manuel Menchón, Mikel Urretavizcaya
BACKGROUND: Hyperventilation is recommended in electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) to enhance seizures and to increase patients' safety. However, more evidence is needed regarding its effects and the optimum method of application. METHODS: This prospective study involving 21 subjects compared two procedures, protocolized hyperventilation (PHV) and hyperventilation as usual (HVau), applied to the same patient in two consecutive sessions. Transcutaneous partial pressure of carbon dioxide (TcPCO2) was measured throughout all sessions...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430896/evidence-of-secular-trend-in-mandibular-pubertal-growth
#3
Raphael Patcas, Daniel B Wiedemeier, Goran Markic, Philipp Beit, Heidi Keller
Background: During puberty, mandibular growth follows a growth curve comparable to somatic growth. This study aimed to review the relationship between mandibular pubertal peak height velocity (PHV) and skeletal age, and to investigate the possibility of a secular trend. Methods: Retrospective analysis was performed of two historical craniofacial growth studies (Denver Growth Study; observational time: 1943-1965, and Zurich Growth Study; observational time: 1982-1984) of healthy untreated subjects...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424059/insight-into-human-pubertal-growth-by-applying-the-qeps-growth-model
#4
Anton Holmgren, Aimon Niklasson, Lars Gelander, A Stefan Aronson, Andreas F M Nierop, Kerstin Albertsson-Wikland
BACKGROUND: Computerized mathematical models describing absolute and relative individual growth during puberty in both cm and standard deviation (SD)-scores are lacking. The present study aimed to fill this gap, by applying the QEPS-model that delineates mathematically the specific pubertal functions of the total growth curve. METHODS: Study population used was the individual growth curves of the longitudinally followed cohort GrowUp1974 Gothenburg (n = 2280)...
April 19, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387154/production-of-polyhydroxyalkanoates-pha-using-sludge-from-different-wastewater-treatment-processes-and-the-potential-for-medical-and-pharmaceutical-applications
#5
Wai Lam, Yujie Wang, Pui Ling Chan, Shun Wan Chan, Yiu Fai Tsang, Hong Chua, Peter Hoi Fu Yu
In this study, seven strains of bacteria with polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA)-producing ability (i.e. Bacillus cereus, Pseudomonas putida, Bacillus pumilus, Pseudomona huttiensis, Yersinia frederiksenii, Aeromonas ichthiosmia, and Sphingopyxis terrae) were isolated from various waste treatment plants in Hong Kong. Simultaneous wastewater treatment and PHA accumulation were successfully achieved in the bioreactors using isolated bacteria from different sludges. At the organic loading less than 13,000 ppm, more than 95% of chemical oxygen demand (COD) was removed by the isolated strains before the decrease of PHA accumulation...
April 20, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385486/analysis-and-optimization-of-process-parameters-for-production-of-polyhydroxyalkanoates-along-with-wastewater-treatment-by-serratia-sp-istvkr1
#6
Asmita Gupta, Madan Kumar, Indu Shekhar Thakur
A previously reported biodegrading bacterial strain Serratia sp. ISTVKR1 was studied for polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) production along with wastewater contaminant removal. Nile red fluorescence, GC-MS, FT-IR, NMR and TEM confirmed the accumulation of homopolymer poly-3-hydroxyvalerate (PHV) within the bacterial cells. Analysis of culture after 72h of bacterial treatment showed maximum COD removal (8.4-fold), non-detection of organic contaminants such as 1H-Cyclopropa [a] naphthalene (R.T.=10.12) using GC-MS and increased proportion of elements like Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Cd and Pb in the bacterial cell pellets by SEM-EDX analysis...
March 27, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298285/characterization-of-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-uptake-pattern-in-noninfected-prosthetic-heart-valves
#7
Cédric Mathieu, Nidaa Mikaïl, Khadija Benali, Bernard Iung, Xavier Duval, Patrick Nataf, Guillaume Jondeau, Fabien Hyafil, Dominique Le Guludec, François Rouzet
BACKGROUND: (18)F-Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) has been recently acknowledged as a diagnostic tool for prosthetic valve endocarditis, but its specificity is limited by uptake on noninfected valves. The objective of this study was to outline the main features of FDG uptake on PET/CT in patients with noninfected prosthetic heart valve (PHV). METHODS AND RESULTS: Our institution's PET/CT database was reviewed to identify patients with PHV, excluding those suspected of infection or who had received antibiotic treatment...
March 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203363/an-exploratory-factor-analysis-of-the-spontaneous-reporting-of-severe-cutaneous-adverse-reactions
#8
Manfred Hauben, Eric Hung, Wen-Yaw Hsieh
BACKGROUND: Severe cutaneous adverse reactions (SCARs) are prominent in pharmacovigilance (PhV). They have some commonalities such as nonimmediate nature and T-cell mediation and rare overlap syndromes have been documented, most commonly involving acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) and drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), and DRESS and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). However, they display diverse clinical phenotypes and variations in specific T-cell immune response profiles, plus some specific genotype-phenotype associations...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155196/ssrna-viruses-from-biotrophic-oomycetes-form-a-new-phylogenetic-group-between-nodaviridae-and-tombusviridae
#9
Wolfgang Grasse, Otmar Spring
Plasmopara halstedii virus (PhV) is one of the few characterized oomycete viruses. Although it is fully sequenced and well-studied in its genetic diversity, the exact classification and phylogenetic relationships of PhV remain uncertain. The only known virus with characteristics similar to PhV is the Sclerophthora macrospora Virus A (SmV-A). Both viruses infect obligate biotrophic oomycetes. While RNA-dependent RNA polymerases (RdRp) of oomycetes viruses have high similarity to the corresponding enzymes from viruses classified in the family Nodaviridae, the coat proteins (CP) seem to be completely different from those of other viruses of this family...
May 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145854/effects-of-matrix-types-on-formation-and-transformation-of-energy-accumulating-substances-in-enhanced-biological-phosphorus-removal-ebpr
#10
D Li, Z Fang, X Long, R Tang, S Di
Enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) has been widely used in wastewater treatment. In this study, a laboratory investigation of activated sludge in A/O-SBR reactor was conducted to probe the effects of the matrix types on EBPR polyphosphate, intracellular polysaccharide, polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) formation and transformation. There is a decrease in anaerobic condition and an increase in aerobic condition for the intracellular glycogen of sodium propionate matrix and sodium acetate matrix. While the intracellular glycogen of glucose matrix shows a decreasing tendency in both anaerobic and aerobic reaction process...
December 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122924/frailty-characteristics-and-preventive-home-visits-an-audit-on-elderly-patients-in-danish-general-practice
#11
Henriette Kirstine Christensen, Troels Kristensen, Merethe Kirstine Andersen, Jesper Lykkegaard
AIM: Preventive home visits (PHVs) to frail elderly patients, provided by the GP, have been widely promoted in many health care systems, including the Danish system. This study investigates to what extent PHVs are provided to patients with characteristics of frailty. METHODS: During a four-week period, GPs and their staff in three different parts of Denmark filled in a questionnaire for each patient aged 75 years or older who attended the clinic or received a home visit...
February 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118309/maturation-related-differences-in-adaptations-to-resistance-training-in-young-male-swimmers
#12
Jason Moran, Gavin R H Sandercock, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, John-James Wooller, Spiros Logothetis, Patrick P J M Schoenmakers, Dave A Parry
This study examined the effects of resistance training on muscular strength and jump performance in young male swimmers. It was hypothesized that adaptations would be of a lower magnitude in less mature (Pre-peak height velocity [PHV]) than in more mature (Post-PHV) subjects. Fourteen Pre- (-1.8 ± 1.0 years) and 8 Post-PHV (1.6 ± 0.5 years) swimmers undertook a 30 minute, twice-weekly resistance training program for 8 weeks. They were compared with matched control groups (Pre-PHV: -2.0 ± 1.1, n=15; Post-PHV: 1...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062981/body-size-from-birth-through-adolescence-in-relation-to-risk-of-benign-breast-disease-in-young-women
#13
Catherine S Berkey, Bernard Rosner, Rulla M Tamimi, Walter C Willett, Martha Hickey, Adetunji Toriola, A Lindsay Frazier, Graham A Colditz
PURPOSE: Body size, from birth throughout adulthood, is associated with breast cancer risk, but few studies have investigated early-life body size and benign breast disease (BBD), a well-established breast cancer risk factor. We consider whether prenatal factors and size at birth, 10, 18 year, and intervening growth, are related to BBD risk. METHODS: The Growing Up Today Study includes 9032 females who completed questionnaires annually from 1996 to 2001, then 2003, 2005, 2007, 2010, and 2013...
February 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028481/brain-transcriptomes-of-harbor-seals-demonstrate-gene-expression-patterns-of-animals-undergoing-a-metabolic-disease-and-a-viral-infection
#14
Stephanie M Rosales, Rebecca L Vega Thurber
Diseases of marine mammals can be difficult to diagnose because of their life history and protected status. Stranded marine mammals have been a particularly useful resource to discover and comprehend the diseases that plague these top predators. Additionally, advancements in high-throughput sequencing (HTS) has contributed to the discovery of novel pathogens in marine mammals. In this study, we use a combination of HTS and stranded harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) to better understand a known and unknown brain disease...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997524/digital-anatomical-measurement-for-anterolateral-fixation-of-middle-and-lower-thoracic-vertebrae
#15
Xiaohe Li, He En, Yunfeng Zhang, Shang Gao, Guimin Li, Yu Guo, Xin Wang, Haiyan Wang, Yongqiang Cai, Zhiqiang Wang, Zhijun Li, Cunbao Li, Feifei Zhao
BACKGROUND The key to its successful application is to determine the best entry point for the vertebral screw(s). This study aimed to provide a reference for clinical anterolateral fixation through digital measurement of computed tomography (CT) data to identify relevant anatomical positions in the middle and lower thoracic vertebrae (T4-T12) of 30 adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS We performed digital measurement of anatomical positions in the middle and lower thoracic vertebrae (T4-T12) of 30 adults. ABBREVIATIONS: Left height of vertebral body, LHV; Right height of vertebral body, RHV; Anterior height of vertebral body, AHV; Middle height of vertebral body, MHV; Posterior height of vertebral body, PHV; Superior sagittal diameter of vertebral body, SSDV; Superior transverse diameter of vertebral body, STDV; inferior sagittal diameter of vertebral body, ISDV; Inferior transverse diameter of vertebral body, ITDV; (1) Left (right) height of vertebral body, [L(R)HV]; Anterior (middle, posterior) height of vertebral body [A(M,P)HV]; Superior (inferior) sagittal diameter of vertebral body, [S(I)SDV]; Superior (inferior) transverse diameter of vertebral body, [S(I)TDV]...
December 20, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991485/construct-validity-of-tests-that-measure-kick-performance-for-young-soccer-players-based-on-cluster-analysis-exploring-the-relationship-between-coaches-rating-and-actual-measures
#16
Luiz H P Vieira, Vitor L DE Andrade, Rodrigo L Aquino, Renato Moraes, Fabio A Barbieri, Sérgio A Cunha, Bruno L Bedo, Paulo R Santiago
BACKGROUND: The main aim of this study was to verify the relationship between the classification of coaches and actual performance in field tests that measure the kicking performance in young soccer players, using the K--means clustering technique. METHODS: Twenty--three U--14 players performed eight tests to measure their kicking performance. Four experienced coaches provided a rating for each player as follows: 1--poor, 2--below average, 3--average, 4--very good, 5-excellent as related to three parameters (i...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943155/effects-of-different-ratios-of-glucose-to-acetate-on-phosphorus-removal-and-microbial-community-of-enhanced-biological-phosphorus-removal-ebpr-system
#17
Ting Xie, Chuangrong Mo, Xiaoming Li, Jian Zhang, Hongxue An, Qi Yang, Dongbo Wang, Jianwei Zhao, Yu Zhong, Guangming Zeng
In this study, the effects of different ratios of glucose to acetate on enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) were investigated with regard to the changes of intercellular polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) and glycogen, as well as microbial community. The experiments were carried out in five sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) fed with glucose and/or acetate as carbon sources at the ratios of 0:100 %, 25:75 %, 50:50 %, 75:25 %, and 100:0 %. The experimental results showed that a highest phosphorus removal efficiency of 96...
December 10, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931197/reaching-the-elderly-understanding-of-health-and-preventive-experiences-for-a-tailored-approach-results-of-a-qualitative-study
#18
Christiane Patzelt, Susanne Heim, Bernhilde Deitermann, Gudrun Theile, Christian Krauth, Eva Hummers-Pradier, Ulla Walter
BACKGROUND: Often preventive measures are not accessed by the people who were intended to be reached. Programs for older adults may target men and women, older adults, advanced old age groups and/or chronically ill patients with specific indications. The defined target groups rarely participate in the conception of programs or in the design of information materials, although this would increase accessibility and participation. In the German "Reaching the Elderly" study (2008-2011), an approach to motivating older adults to participate in a preventive home visit (PHV) program was modified with the participatory involvement of the target groups...
December 8, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878786/enhancing-poly-3-hydroxyalkanoate-production-in-escherichia-coli-by-the-removal-of-the-regulatory-gene-arca
#19
Ryan A Scheel, Liyuan Ji, Benjamin R Lundgren, Christopher T Nomura
Recombinant Escherichia coli is a desirable platform for the production of many biological compounds including poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates), a class of naturally occurring biodegradable polyesters with promising biomedical and material applications. Although the controlled production of desirable polymers is possible with the utilization of fatty acid feedstocks, a central challenge to this biosynthetic route is the improvement of the relatively low polymer yield, a necessary factor of decreasing the production costs...
December 2016: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836627/what-is-the-most-accurate-and-reliable-methodological-approach-for-predicting-peak-height-velocity-in-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Kathryn Mills, Donovan Baker, Verity Pacey, Martin Wollin, Michael K Drew
OBJECTIVES: To identify the most accurate method of predicting peak height velocity in adolescents. DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of six electronic databases and reference lists was conducted. Studies that met selection criteria of (1) observational longitudinal cohort study (2) reproducible method/s of predicting peak height velocity (3) minimum six-month follow-up (4) healthy male and/or female adolescent subjects, with the exception of participants with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, were considered for review...
October 29, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
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