keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

hypoxia ovarian cancer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678326/expression-levels-of-pten-hif-1%C3%AE-and-vegf-as-prognostic-factors-in-ovarian-cancer
#1
W Shen, H-L Li, L Liu, J-X Cheng
OBJECTIVE: Epithelial ovarian cancer is associated with high mortality, mostly because of delayed diagnosis, necessitating the search for novel diagnostic and prognostic markers. Here we evaluated the association between expression levels of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and ovarian cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Expressions of these proteins were assessed by immunohistochemistry in 21 specimens of normal ovary tissues and 76 specimens of ovarian cancer tissues...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603724/pulmonary-embolism-in-transit
#2
Anna Koulova, Ramin Malekan, Wilbert S Aronow, Howard A Cooper
A 65-year-old woman with recently diagnosed ovarian cancer presented with near syncope, tachypnea, and hypoxia. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a dilated and hypokinetic right ventricle and a large, mobile mass in the right atrium prolapsing across the tricuspid valve. She was diagnosed with pulmonary embolism in transit and emergent embolectomy was recommended.
May 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586039/exosomes-derived-from-hypoxic-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-deliver-microrna-940-to-induce-macrophage-m2-polarization
#3
Xin Chen, Xiang Ying, Xinjing Wang, Xiaoli Wu, Qinyi Zhu, Xipeng Wang
Hypoxia is a common feature of solid tumors. It is closely related to tumor progression. Exosomal microRNAs derived from cancers are considered to be mediators between cancer cells and the tumor microenvironment. In addition, the number of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) in the tumor microenvironment has also been demonstrated to correlate with tumor development. However, the relationship between tumor-secreted exosomes and TAM polarization under hypoxic conditions during tumor progression is not clear...
June 6, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506752/thio-functionalized-carbohydrate-thiosemicarbazones-and-evaluation-of-their-anticancer-activity
#4
Anna Czubatka-Bieńkowska, Joanna Sarnik, Anna Macieja, Grzegorz Galita, Zbigniew J Witczak, Tomasz Poplawski
Thiosemicarbazides and their analogs have shown potential medical applications as antiviral, antibacterial and anticancer drugs. We designed, synthesized and evaluated in vitro anticancer activity against ovarian (A2780), cervix (HeLa), colon (LoVo), breast (MCF-7) and brain (MO59J) human cancer cell lines of seven novel compounds -S-glycosylated thiosemicarbazones. We assessed the cyto- and genotoxic properties of all novel compounds using a variety of methods including comet assay, XTT assay, various fluorescent assays and toxicology PathwayFinder expression array...
June 15, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459376/ginsenoside-20-s-rg3-suppresses-ovarian-cancer-migration-via-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1-alpha-and-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-signals
#5
Ting Liu, Le Zhao, Huilian Hou, Lu Ding, Wei Chen, Xu Li
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 is believed to play a prominent role in the survival and developing progress of cancers. As a result, inhibiting α subunit of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 represents an attractive strategy against tumor. Although hypoxia-inducible factor 1α is a hypoxia-regulated subunit, increasing evidence indicates that hypoxia-inducible factor 1α could stable expression under normoxic conditions, regulated by non-hypoxia-mediated mechanisms. However, there are few strategies to target hypoxia-inducible factor 1α under normoxic conditions...
May 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450115/iron-regulatory-protein-2-in-ovarian-endometrial-cysts
#6
Motoki Takenaka, Noriko Suzuki, Minako Mori, Tasuku Hirayama, Hideko Nagasawa, Ken-Ichiro Morishige
Ovarian endometrial cysts cause some kinds of ovarian cancer, and iron is considered as one factor of carcinogenesis. In contrast, hypoxia is associated with progression, angiogenesis, metastasis, and resistance to therapy in cancer. We investigated hypoxia-induced perturbation of iron homeostasis in terms of labile iron, iron deposition, and iron regulatory protein (IRP) in ovarian endometrial cysts. Iron deposition, expression of IRPs, and a protein marker of hypoxia in human ovarian endometrial cysts were analyzed histologically...
June 10, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417928/potential-coagulation-factor-driven-pro-inflammatory-responses-in-ovarian-cancer-tissues-associated-with-insufficient-o%C3%A2-and-plasma-supply
#7
REVIEW
Shiro Koizume, Yohei Miyagi
Tissue factor (TF) is a cell surface receptor for coagulation factor VII (fVII). The TF-activated fVII (fVIIa) complex is an essential initiator of the extrinsic blood coagulation process. Interactions between cancer cells and immune cells via coagulation factors and adhesion molecules can promote progression of cancer, including epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). This process is not necessarily advantageous, as tumor tissues generally undergo hypoxia due to aberrant vasculature, followed by reduced access to plasma components such as coagulation factors...
April 12, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401704/hif-1%C3%AE-binding-to-aeg-1-promoter-induced-upregulated-aeg-1-expression-associated-with-metastasis-in-ovarian-cancer
#8
Ting Zhao, Chenyan Zhao, Yanting Zhou, Jing Zheng, Shujun Gao, Yuan Lu
Ovarian cancer with the highest mortality rate among gynecological malignancies is one of common cancers among female cancer patients. As reported in recent years, AEG-1 was associated with the occurrence, development, and metastasis of ovarian cancer, but the mechanisms remain unclear. In the current study, invasion capabilities of ovarian cancer OVCAR3 cells were measured by viral infection and transwell assay. Western blot analysis was used to evaluate the expression levels of β-catenin, E-cadherin, MMP2, and MMP9...
May 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398226/melatonin-reduces-angiogenesis-in-serous-papillary-ovarian-carcinoma-of-ethanol-preferring-rats
#9
Yohan Ricci Zonta, Marcelo Martinez, Isabel Cristina C Camargo, Raquel F Domeniconi, Luiz Antonio Lupi Júnior, Patricia Fernanda F Pinheiro, Russel J Reiter, Francisco Eduardo Martinez, Luiz Gustavo A Chuffa
Angiogenesis is a hallmark of ovarian cancer (OC); the ingrowth of blood vessels promotes rapid cell growth and the associated metastasis. Melatonin is a well-characterized indoleamine that possesses important anti-angiogenic properties in a set of aggressive solid tumors. Herein, we evaluated the role of melatonin therapy on the angiogenic signaling pathway in OC of an ethanol-preferring rat model that mimics the same pathophysiological conditions occurring in women. OC was chemically induced with a single injection of 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) under the ovarian bursa...
April 11, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385531/mkl1-links-epigenetic-activation-of-mmp2-to-ovarian-cancer-cell-migration-and-invasion
#10
Wenping Xu, Huihui Xu, Mingming Fang, Xiaoyan Wu, Yong Xu
Responding to pro-metastatic cues such as low oxygen tension, cancer cells develop several different strategies to facilitate migration and invasion. During this process, expression levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are up-regulated so that cancer cells can more easily enter or exit the circulation. In this report we show that message levels of the transcriptional modulator MKL1 were elevated in malignant forms of ovarian cancer tissues in humans when compared to more benign forms accompanying a similar change in MMP2 expression...
June 3, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373923/three-cases-of-pseudo-meigs-syndrome-secondary-to-ovarian-metastases-from-colorectal-cancer
#11
Yuta Yamamoto, Yusuke Miyagawa, Takehito Ehara, Makoto Koyama, Satoshi Nakamura, Daisuke Takeuchi, Futoshi Muranaka, Masato Kitazawa, Shinichi Miyagawa
Pseudo-Meigs' syndrome is used to describe cases of ascites and/or pleural effusion associated with ovarian neoplasms other than benign tumors, which improve after removal of the ovarian lesion. We present three cases of pseudo-Meigs' syndrome secondary to ovarian metastasis from colorectal cancer. In case 1, the patient has severe dyspnea and hypoxia due to massive right pleural effusion; therefore preoperative thoracic drainage was needed. In case 2, the patient needed paracentesis every two or three days to improve abdominal distension...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237618/updates-of-the-role-of-oxidative-stress-in-the-pathogenesis-of-ovarian-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Ghassan M Saed, Michael P Diamond, Nicole M Fletcher
Clinical and epidemiological investigations have provided evidence supporting the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS), collectively known as oxidative stress, in the etiology of cancer. Exogenous factors such as chronic inflammation, infection and hypoxia are major sources of cellular oxidative stress. Specifically, oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis, neoangiogenesis, and dissemination of local or distant ovarian cancer, as it is known to induce phenotypic modifications of tumor cells by cross talk between tumor cells and the surrounding stroma...
June 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236660/gene-regulatory-networking-reveals-the-molecular-cue-to-lysophosphatidic-acid-induced-metabolic-adaptations-in-ovarian-cancer-cells
#13
Upasana Ray, Shreya Roy Chowdhury, Madavan Vasudevan, Kiran Bankar, Susanta Roychoudhury, Sib Sankar Roy
Extravasation and metastatic progression are two main reasons for the high mortality rate associated with cancer. The metastatic potential of cancer cells depends on a plethora of metabolic challenges prevailing within the tumor microenvironment. To achieve higher rates of proliferation, cancer cells reprogram their metabolism, increasing glycolysis and biosynthetic activities. Just why this metabolic reprogramming predisposes cells towards increased oncogenesis remains elusive. The accumulation of myriad oncolipids in the tumor microenvironment has been shown to promote the invasiveness of cancer cells, with lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) being one such critical factor enriched in ovarian cancer patients...
February 25, 2017: Molecular Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184014/autophagy-inhibition-enhances-sunitinib-efficacy-in-clear-cell-ovarian-carcinoma
#14
Lindsay DeVorkin, Matthew Hattersley, Paul Kim, Jenna Ries, Jaeline Spowart, Michael S Anglesio, Samuel M Levi, David G Huntsman, Ravi K Amaravadi, Jeffrey D Winkler, Anna V Tinker, Julian J Lum
Clear cell ovarian carcinoma (CCOC) is an aggressive form of epithelial ovarian cancer that exhibits low response rates to systemic therapy and poor patient outcomes. Multiple studies in CCOC have revealed expression profiles consistent with increased hypoxia, and our previous data suggest that hypoxia is correlated with increased autophagy in CCOC. Hypoxia-induced autophagy is a key factor promoting tumor cell survival and resistance to therapy. Recent clinical trials with the molecular-targeted receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) inhibitor sunitinib have demonstrated limited activity...
March 2017: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174749/hypoxia-positively-regulates-the-expression-of-ph-sensing-g-protein-coupled-receptor-ogr1-gpr68
#15
Cheryl de Vallière, Jesus Cosin-Roger, Simona Simmen, Kirstin Atrott, Hassan Melhem, Jonas Zeitz, Mehdi Madanchi, Irina Tcymbarevich, Michael Fried, Gerd A Kullak-Ublick, Stephan R Vavricka, Benjamin Misselwitz, Klaus Seuwen, Carsten A Wagner, Jyrki J Eloranta, Gerhard Rogler, Pedro A Ruiz
BACKGROUND & AIMS: A novel family of proton-sensing G-protein-coupled receptors, including ovarian cancer G-protein-coupled receptor 1 (OGR1) (GPR68) has been identified to play a role in pH homeostasis. Hypoxia is known to change tissue pH as a result of anaerobic glucose metabolism through the stabilization of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α. We investigated how hypoxia regulates the expression of OGR1 in the intestinal mucosa and associated cells. METHODS: OGR1 expression in murine tumors, human colonic tissue, and myeloid cells was determined by quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction...
November 2016: Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091613/adrenomedullin-promotes-angiogenesis-in-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-through-upregulating-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-and-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor
#16
Yi Zhang, Yang Xu, Jian Ma, Xiaoyan Pang, Mei Dong
Adrenomedullin (ADM) is a multi-functional peptide related to many kinds of tumors. This study was aimed to investigate the role of ADM on angiogenesis in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and its possible mechanism. The expressions of ADM, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and CD34 were examined by immunohistochemistry staining. The relationship among ADM, HIF-1α, VEGF and micro-vessel density (MVD) was assessed in 56 EOC tissues. CAOV3 cells were stably transfected with pcDNA-ADM (plasmid overexpressing ADM gene) or pRNA-shADM (small interfering RNA for ADM gene)...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069585/expression-of-hmgb2-indicates-worse-survival-of-patients-and-is-required-for-the-maintenance-of-warburg-effect-in-pancreatic-cancer
#17
Xin Cai, Hongjian Ding, Yanxia Liu, Gaofeng Pan, Qingguo Li, Zhen Yang, Weiyan Liu
High mobility group proteins (HMGs) are the second most abundant chromatin proteins and exert global genomic functions in the establishment of active or inactive chromatin domains. Through interaction with nucleosomes, transcription factors, nucleosome-remodeling machines and histones, the HMGs family proteins contribute to the fine tuning of transcription in response to rapid environmental changes. Mammalian high mobility group Bs (HMGBs) are characterized by two tandem HMG box domains followed by a long acidic tail...
February 6, 2017: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927774/autophagy-inhibition-enhances-sunitinib-efficacy-in-clear-cell-ovarian-carcinoma
#18
Lindsay DeVorkin, Matthew Hattersley, Paul Kim, Jenna Ries, Jaeline Spowart, Michael S Anglesio, Samuel M Levi, David G Huntsman, Ravi K Amaravadi, Jeffrey D Winkler, Anna V Tinker, Julian J Lum
Clear cell ovarian carcinoma (CCOC) is an aggressive form of epithelial ovarian cancer that exhibits low response rates to systemic therapy and poor patient outcomes. Multiple studies in CCOC have revealed expression profiles consistent with increased hypoxia, and our previous data suggests that hypoxia is correlated with increased autophagy in CCOC. Hypoxia-induced autophagy is a key factor promoting tumor cell survival and resistance to therapy. Recent clinical trials with the molecular-targeted receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) inhibitor sunitinib have demonstrated limited activity...
December 7, 2016: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869162/the-histone-demethylase-kdm4b-regulates-peritoneal-seeding-of-ovarian-cancer
#19
C Wilson, L Qiu, Y Hong, T Karnik, G Tadros, B Mau, T Ma, Y Mu, J New, R J Louie, S Gunewardena, A K Godwin, O W Tawfik, J Chien, K F Roby, A J Krieg
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) has poor prognosis and rapid recurrence because of widespread dissemination of peritoneal metastases at diagnosis. Multiple pathways contribute to the aggressiveness of ovarian cancer, including hypoxic signaling mechanisms. In this study, we have determined that the hypoxia-inducible histone demethylase KDM4B is expressed in ∼60% of EOC tumors assayed, including primary and matched metastatic tumors. Expression of KDM4B in tumors is positively correlated with expression of the tumor hypoxia marker CA-IX, and is robustly induced in EOC cell lines exposed to hypoxia...
May 4, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690729/endothelin-1-receptor-drives-invadopodia-exploiting-how-%C3%AE-arrestin-1-guides-the-way
#20
Anna Bagnato, Laura Rosanò
Metastatization is a complex multistep process requiring fine-tuned regulated cytoskeleton re-modeling, mediated by the cross-talk of actin with interacting partners, such as the Rho GTPases. Our expanding knowledge of invadopodia, small invasive membrane protrusions composed of a core of F-actin, actin regulators and actin-binding proteins, and hotspots for secretion of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteinases, contributes to clarify critical steps of the metastatic program. Growth factor receptors and their intermediate signaling molecules, along with matrix adhesion and rigidity, pH and hypoxia, act as drivers of cytoskeleton changes and invadopodia formation...
October 3, 2016: Small GTPases
keyword
keyword
118467
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"