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Violence and aggression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323539/guns-in-the-home-and-the-possibility-of-aggressive-tendencies-exploring-a-community-sample-of-adolescents-in-low-income-communities
#1
Brad Lian, Beatrice Abiero, Paula Kamara
Firearm violence has been the second leading cause of death among adolescents and young adults in the United States since 2000 and is a major public health concern. But firearms may be related to less lethal forms of violence as well. Here we examine the relationship between the presence of a gun in the home and several behavioral and psychosocial measures related to aggression and violence among adolescents using data from a community-based survey of nearly 2,000 youths living in low-income neighborhoods. Our results indicate that adolescents living in homes where a gun is present display more aggressive attitudes and behaviors than their counterparts living in homes with no gun present...
March 21, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317513/trait-anger-and-partner-specific-anger-management-moderate-the-temporal-association-between-alcohol-use-and-dating-violence
#2
Ryan C Shorey, James K McNulty, Todd M Moore, Gregory L Stuart
OBJECTIVE: Research demonstrates alcohol temporally precedes and increases the odds of violence between intimate partners. However, despite an extensive theoretical literature on factors that likely moderate the relationship between alcohol and dating violence, minimal empirical research has examined such moderators. METHOD: The purpose of the present study was to examine two potential moderators of this association: trait anger and partner-specific anger management...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290925/two-decades-of-saving-lives-on-the-battlefield-tactical-combat-casualty-care-turns-20
#3
Frank K Butler
BACKGROUND: Twenty years ago, the original Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) article was published in this journal. Since TCCC is essentially a set of best-practice prehospital trauma care guidelines customized for use on the battlefield, the presence of a journal with a specific focus on military medicine was a profound benefit to the initial presentation of TCCC to the U.S. Military. METHODS: In the two ensuing decades, which included the longest continuous period of armed conflict in our nation's history, TCCC steadily evolved as the prehospital trauma care evidence base was augmented and as feedback from user medics, corpsmen, and pararescuemen was obtained...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279200/the-benefits-of-early-book-sharing-bebs-for-child-cognitive-and-socio-emotional-development-in-south-africa-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Nicholas Dowdall, Peter J Cooper, Mark Tomlinson, Sarah Skeen, Frances Gardner, Lynne Murray
BACKGROUND: Children in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) are at risk for problems in their cognitive, social and behavioural development. Factors such as a lack of cognitive stimulation, harsh parenting practices, and severe and persistent aggression in early childhood are central to the genesis of these problems. Interventions that target the intersection between early childhood development, parenting, and early violence prevention are required in order to meaningfully address these problems...
March 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277715/predicting-domestic-and-community-violence-by-soldiers-living-in-a-conflict-region
#5
Corina Nandi, Thomas Elbert, Manassé Bambonye, Roland Weierstall, Manfred Reichert, Anja Zeller, Anselm Crombach
OBJECTIVE: Past research revealed war trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms as potential predictors for domestic and community violence in crisis regions and among soldiers in different armed conflicts. The impact of family violence and other adversities experienced in childhood as well as of a combat-enhanced appeal for aggressive behavior (appetitive aggression) remains to be specified. METHOD: In the present study, the authors separately predicted violence against children, intimate partner violence and community violence in 381 Burundian soldiers returning from foreign deployment and living in a post- conflict region...
March 9, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270936/aggression-from-patients-or-next-of-kin-and-exposure-to-bullying-behaviors-a-conglomerate-experience
#6
Iselin Reknes, Guy Notelaers, Nils Magerøy, Ståle Pallesen, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Bente Elisabeth Moen, Ståle Einarsen
Although workplace violence and aggression have been identified as important stressors in the nursing profession, studies simultaneously comparing patient-initiated aggression and exposure to bullying behaviors at work are rather scarce. The aim of this study was to compare aggression from patients or next of kin and exposure to bullying behaviors in terms of prevalence, health-related quality of life outcomes, and potential overlap in those targeted. In the period of 2008-2009, data were collected among 2059 members of the Norwegian Nurses Organization...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270460/a-positive-behavioral-approach-for-aggression-in-forensic-psychiatric-settings
#7
Peter Tolisano, Tracey M Sondik, Charles C Dike
Aggression toward self and others by complex patients admitted to forensic psychiatric settings is a relatively common yet extremely difficult behavior to treat. Traditional interventions in forensic inpatient settings have historically emphasized control and management over treatment. Research over the past several years has demonstrated the value of behavioral and psychosocial treatment interventions to reduce aggression and to increase prosocial skill development in inpatient forensic population. Positive behavioral support (PBS) offers a comprehensive approach that incorporates the science of applied behavioral analysis (ABA) in support of patients with challenging behaviors, including aggression and violence...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270459/translating-into-practice-data-about-violent-women
#8
Jessica Ferranti
There is a growing body of medical literature supporting the presence of unique risk factor profiles in women who are violent, of much higher violence risk, and who are psychiatric inpatients. Building on the existing literature on violence risk in women, Beck and colleagues contribute an excellent example of how skilled analysis of violence risk factors and typology of violence can translate to evidence-based strategies for management and treatment of aggression. Beck et al. postulate a possible unrecognized syndrome of cognitive impairment, chronic and severe aggression, and self-harm in a subgroup of highly aggressive women inpatients...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261923/preventing-intimate-partner-violence-via-the-internet-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-emotion-regulation-and-conflict-management-training-for-individuals-with-aggression-problems
#9
Hugo Hesser, Sandra Axelsson, Victoria Bäcke, Jonna Engstrand, Tina Gustafsson, Elin Holmgren, Ulrika Jeppsson, Maria Pollack, Kjell Nordén, Dan Rosenqvist, Gerhard Andersson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to investigate the effect of an Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (iCBT), which incorporated emotion-regulation and conflict-resolution techniques, on intimate partner violence (IPV). Another aim was to test the theoretical underpinnings of the treatment model using mediation analysis. METHOD: Sixty-five participants with aggression problems in intimate adult relationships were recruited from the community and were randomly assigned to iCBT or to a monitored waitlist control...
March 6, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260243/aggressive-and-violent-behavior-and-emotional-self-efficacy-is-there-a-relationship-for-adolescents
#10
Robert F Valois, Keith J Zullig, Asa A Revels
BACKGROUND: In this cross-sectional study we explored relationships between aggressive and violent behaviors and emotional self-efficacy (ESE) in a statewide sample of public high school adolescents in South Carolina (N = 3836). METHODS: The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Youth Risk Behavior Survey items on aggressive and violent behavior items and an adolescent ESE scale were used. Logistic regression analyses and multivariate models constructed separately, revealed significant race by sex findings...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253018/mapping-a-continuum-of-adolescent-helping-and-bystander-behavior-within-the-context-of-dating-violence-and-bullying
#11
Erin A Casey, Heather L Storer, Todd I Herrenkohl
Although research has identified factors that support and hinder proactive bystander behaviors among adolescents, less is known about the more specific bystander responses viewed by youth as feasible, or whether these responses are likely to be ultimately helpful in the context of bullying and teen dating violence (TDV). Goals of this exploratory study were to describe specific bystander behaviors that adolescents perceive as possible for addressing bullying and TDV among peers, to assess the potential impact of these behaviors, and to examine similarities and differences in bystander behaviors across these forms of aggression...
March 2, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247936/uses-of-guilt-in-the-treatment-of-dehumanization
#12
Harvey Peskin
It is likely that under the impact of impending Nazism, aggression theory in late Freud, as presented in Civilization and its Discontents (1930), left the entirety of guilt to self-punishment, thus retracting his view that love functions in the superego as remorse and restitution. This change however, essentially withdraws provision for treating victims of abuse, violence and terror. This paper proposes a paradigm shift that reframes Freud's late instinct theory into a theory of dehumanization by recovering reparative and relational components of guilt...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239508/empirical-investigation-of-a-model-of-sexual-minority-specific-and-general-risk-factors-for-intimate-partner-violence-among-lesbian-women
#13
Robin J Lewis, Tyler B Mason, Barbara A Winstead, Michelle L Kelley
OBJECTIVE: This study proposed and tested the first conceptual model of sexual minority specific (discrimination, internalized homophobia) and more general risk factors (perpetrator and partner alcohol use, anger, relationship satisfaction) for intimate partner violence among partnered lesbian women. METHOD: Self-identified lesbian women (N=1048) were recruited from online market research panels. Participants completed an online survey that included measures of minority stress, anger, alcohol use and alcohol-related problems, relationship satisfaction, psychological aggression, and physical violence...
January 2017: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221065/the-american-psychological-association-task-force-assessment-of-violent-video-games-science-in-the-service-of-public-interest
#14
REVIEW
Sandra L Calvert, Mark Appelbaum, Kenneth A Dodge, Sandra Graham, Gordon C Nagayama Hall, Sherry Hamby, Lauren G Fasig-Caldwell, Martyna Citkowicz, Daniel P Galloway, Larry V Hedges
A task force of experts was convened by the American Psychological Association (APA) to update the knowledge and policy about the impact of violent video game use on potential adverse outcomes. This APA Task Force on Media Violence examined the existing literature, including the meta-analyses in the field, since the last APA report on media violence in 2005. Because the most recent meta-analyses were published in 2010 and reflected work through 2009, the task force conducted a search of the published studies from 2009-2013...
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219802/marijuana-use-trajectories-among-drug-using-youth-presenting-to-an-urban-emergency-department-violence-and-social-influences
#15
Maureen A Walton, Quyen Epstein-Ngo, Patrick M Carter, Marc A Zimmerman, Frederic C Blow, Anne Buu, Jason Goldstick, Rebecca M Cunningham
AIMS: This paper examined longitudinal marijuana use trajectories among drug-using youth presenting to the ED to inform intervention development. METHODS: Given interest in substance use and violence, this study oversampled those presenting with assault injuries. Assault-injured youth (ages 14-24) endorsing past 6-month drug use (n=349), and a sex and age proportionally-sampled comparison group (n=250) endorsing drug use, completed a baseline assessment and follow-ups at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months...
February 3, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219469/impulsiveness-and-child-to-parent-violence-the-role-of-aggressor-s-sex
#16
Eva Rico, Jaime Rosado, David Cantón-Cortés
The aim of the present study was to analyze the role of minors' impulsiveness in the perpetration of child-to-parent violence (CPV), controlling for sex, age, interest allocated to studies, and participant´s and parent´s drug consumption habits, as well as to test the moderating role of the aggressor's sex on impulsiveness. The sample comprised 934 students from high school centers (438 boys and 496 girls), aged between 13 and 21 years. Impulsiveness was assessed through the Barratt's Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11), whereas CPV perpetration was assessed employing the Child-to-Parent Aggression Questionnaire...
February 21, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219026/cognitive-remediation-and-social-cognitive-training-for-violence-in-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
C Darmedru, C Demily, N Franck
A significant correlation exists between violence and schizophrenia (SCZ). Recent studies matched some cognitive deficits like strong risk factors for violence with interesting applications in terms of treatment. Our objective was to conduct a systematic review of the effectiveness of cognitive remediation (CR) and social cognitive training (SCT) in the management of violent and aggressive behaviors in SCZ. METHODS: The electronic databases Pubmed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and ScienceDirect were searched in, using combinations of terms relating to SCZ, CR and violence...
February 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212816/social-science-s-curious-war-with-pop-culture-and-how-it-was-lost-the-media-violence-debate-and-the-risks-it-holds-for-social-science
#18
REVIEW
Christopher J Ferguson, Eugene Beresin
For nearly half a century, psychologists, pediatricians and psychiatrists have studied the potential impact of media violence on aggression and societal violence, particularly among youth. Despite hundreds of studies, scholars have failed to find consensus on potential effects. Nonetheless, professional organizations such as the American Academy of Pediatrics and American Psychological Association have released policy statements conclusively linking violent media to societal concerns. In reaction, some scholars have accused these professional groups of distorting evidence and failing to inform the public of the inconsistent nature of studies in this field...
February 14, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209282/intimate-partner-violence-screening-in-the-veterans-health-administration-demographic-and-military-service-characteristics
#19
Melissa E Dichter, Terri N Haywood, Anneliese E Butler, Scarlett L Bellamy, Katherine M Iverson
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence (IPV) includes psychological, physical, or sexual aggression by a current or former intimate partner and is associated with a wide range of health and social impacts, especially for women. Women veterans may be at increased risk for experiencing IPV, and some Veterans Health Administration (VHA) facilities have initiated routine screening of female patients for past-year IPV. This study presents the first examination of clinical IPV screening responses recorded from female VHA patients across 13 facilities nationwide, and identifies associations with patient demographic and military service characteristics...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198140/u-s-reserve-soldiers-combat-exposure-and-intimate-partner-violence-not-more-common-but-it-is-more-violent
#20
Sarah Cercone Heavey, D Lynn Homish, Erin Anderson Goodell, Gregory G Homish
Combat exposure's influence on intimate partner violence (IPV) in reserve soldiers is not well understood. This work examines combat exposure's influence on IPV in U.S. Army Reserve/National Guard soldiers and partners. Data are from Operation: SAFETY, a longitudinal study of U.S. Army Reserve/National Guard soldiers and partners. Logistic regression models examined odds of sexual aggression, physical aggression, and physical injury with combat exposure, controlling for posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, marital satisfaction, and age...
February 15, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
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