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Violence and aggression

Christina N Caiozzo, Kristen Yule, John Grych
Children who witness violence are at risk for developing a range of developmental problems, including deficits in understanding and regulating. The ability to adaptively manage emotions is associated with children's mental health and their social and academic competence; however, little is known about how parents of at-risk youth can foster the healthy development of emotion regulation. The current study aimed to identify specific parenting practices associated with adaptive emotion regulation in at-risk preschoolers...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Anja Schablon, Dana Wendeler, Agnessa Kozak, Albert Nienhaus, Susanne Steinke
Acts of aggression by patients or clients are a part of the average working day for many Health care employees. The objective of the survey was to study the frequency and nature of violence and the handling of aggressive behavior by facility management. The cross-sectional study was conducted in 2017, 81 different healthcare facilities and 1984 employees participated. The questionnaire encompassed socio-demographic details, the frequency of physical violence and verbal abuse, consequences of violence and the stress of employees...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Brad J Bushman, Sarah M Coyne, Craig A Anderson, Kaj Björkqvist, Paul Boxer, Kenneth A Dodge, Eric F Dubow, David P Farrington, Douglas A Gentile, L Rowell Huesmann, Jennifer E Lansford, Raymond W Novaco, Jamie M Ostrov, Marion K Underwood, Wayne A Warburton, Michele L Ybarra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Aggressive Behavior
Annette Humm, Debra Kaminer, Anneli Hardy
OBJECTIVE: Cumulative violence exposure has been associated with both internalising and externalising difficulties in youth. Therefore, it is important to identify protective factors that may ameliorate both exposure to and the impact of cumulative violence. This study aimed to identify sources of perceived social support amongst early adolescents in a low-income, high-violence community in South Africa, and to examine the association of perceived support with exposure to violence and with the severity of depression, aggression and conduct disorder symptoms...
May 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Elizabeth C Fung, Mariana G R Santos, Zila M Sanchez, Pamela J Surkan
Violence among young adults is an increasing public health concern, especially in the context of nightlife, such as around nightclubs and bars. Nightlife is associated with alcohol, drugs, and increased violence, but little is known about personal and environmental factors related to physical aggression and sexual violence in nightclubs. This study aimed to determine personal and environmental risk factors for physical and sexual aggression in nightclubs in São Paulo, Brazil. Data were collected among nightclub patrons through use of a portal survey at the entrances and exits of 31 nightclubs...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Lisa J Rosenthal, Ashley Byerly, Adrienne D Taylor, Zoran Martinovich
BACKGROUND: Threatening and assaultive behaviors against healthcare workers is a growing national concern.1,2,3 To assess the incidence and impact of aggression against healthcare workers, a safety and quality improvement project was initiated in an academic, tertiary care, and urban hospital. METHODS: Through the Northwestern Academy of Quality and Safety Initiatives program, an invitation to complete an online survey was sent to healthcare workers. The survey inquired about prevalence, location, and type of experience of physical or verbal abuse by patients or families...
May 9, 2018: Psychosomatics
Marcel P Leclerc, Christina Regenbogen, Roy H Hamilton, Ute Habel
Patients with schizophrenia are at increased risk of engaging in violence towards others, compared to both the general population and most other patient groups. We have here explored the role of cortico-limbic impairments in schizophrenia, and have considered these brain regions specifically within the framework of a popular neuroanatomical model of impulsive aggression. In line with this model, evidence in patients with aggressive schizophrenia implicated structural deficits associated with impaired decision-making, emotional control and evaluation, and social information processing, especially in the orbitofrontal and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex...
June 13, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
Liria Fernández-González, Esther Calvete, Izaskun Orue
This study's main objective was to explore whether beliefs legitimizing dating violence predict dysfunctional social information processing (SIP) when adolescents deal with ambiguous dating situations, and whether this more proximal cognitive processing acts as a mediator between acceptance of violence beliefs and dating violence perpetration. Participants were 855 high school students who completed self-report measures at three time points, with a 1-year interval between them. SIP did not act as a mediator, but the emergence of anger emotions in dating conflict situations, along with aggression-justifying beliefs, were revealed as essential in explaining dating violence...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
Darby Saxbe, Hannah Khoddam, Larissa Del Piero, Sarah A Stoycos, Sarah I Gimbel, Gayla Margolin, Jonas T Kaplan
Community violence exposure is a common stressor, known to compromise youth cognitive and emotional development. In a diverse, urban sample of 22 adolescents, participants reported on community violence exposure (witnessing a beating or illegal drug use, hearing gun shots, or other forms of community violence) in early adolescence (average age 12.99), and underwent a neuroimaging scan 3-5 years later (average age 16.92). Community violence exposure in early adolescence predicted smaller manually traced left and right hippocampal and amygdala volumes in a model controlling for age, gender, and concurrent community violence exposure, measured in late adolescence...
June 11, 2018: Developmental Science
Alice Pearl Sedziafa, Eric Y Tenkorang, Adobea Y Owusu
In African societies, kinship ties determine how women are socialized, their access to power and wealth, as well as custody of children, often considered important factors in married women's experience of intimate partner violence (IPV). Yet studies that examine how kinship norms influence IPV are scant. Using in-depth interviews collected from women identifying with both matrilineal and patrilineal descent systems, we explored differences in Ghanaian women's experiences of IPV in both kin groups. Results show that while IPV occurs across matrilineal and patrilineal societies, all women in patrilineal societies narrated continuous pattern of emotional, physical, and sexual assault, and their retaliation to any type of violence almost always culminated in more experience of violent attacks and abandonment...
July 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Sarah Keane, Attila Szigeti, Felicity Fanning, Mary Clarke
AIM: The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence and clinical correlates of aggression and violence in individuals presenting with first-episode psychosis (FEP) and to evaluate whether this prevalence has changed in recent years when compared to a similar previous study. METHODS: Retrospective cross-sectional study of clinical case notes and database records using a keyword search of a sample of patients with FEP (n = 132) aged between 18 and 65 years presenting from a geographically defined catchment area to a secondary referral psychiatric service over a 4-year period (2010-2013 inclusive)...
June 11, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Sandra K Richardson, Paula C Grainger, Michael W Ardagh, Russell Morrison
AIM: To examine levels of reporting of violence and aggression within a tertiary level emergency department in New Zealand, and to explore staff attitudes to violence and reporting. METHOD: A one-month intensive, prospective audit of the emergency department's violence and aggression reporting was undertaken and compared with previously reported data. RESULTS: There was a significant mismatch between the number of events identified during the campaign month and previously reported instances of violence and aggression...
June 8, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
Cory A Crane, Nicole Umehira, Cassandra Berbary, Caroline J Easton
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cyber aggression has emerged as a modern form of intimate partner violence which has yet to undergo sufficient research necessary to identify risk factors that may increase the likelihood or severity of cyber aggressive behavior toward a relationship partner. Prior research offers contradictory findings pertaining to the relationship between problematic alcohol use and cyber aggression. METHODS: We recruited 100 (40 female) adult participants through online crowdsourcing to complete a series of questionnaires assessing traditional partner violence, cyber aggression, and problematic alcohol use...
June 6, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
Peng Li, Kai Xing, Hong Qiao, Huiying Fang, Hongkun Ma, Mingli Jiao, Yanhua Hao, Ye Li, Libo Liang, Lijun Gao, Zheng Kang, Yu Cui, Hong Sun, Qunhong Wu, Ming Liu
BACKGROUND: International reports indicating that around 10-50% of health care staff are exposed to violence every year; in certain settings, this rate might reach over 85%. Evidence has shown that people who experience psychological violence are seven times as likely to be victims of physical violence. Although there have been numerous studies on WPV in general hospitals, there is no consensus regarding the current status of psychological violence directed at health care workers in township hospitals in China...
June 5, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Yoke Rabaia, Joop de Jong, Anita Abdullah, Rita Giacaman, Peter van de Ven
Interest in the well-being of people exposed to long-term violence and conflict has tended to focus on measurable effects of acute traumatic events, while attention to the pressures of their daily living context is relatively new. Using qualitative and quantitative data from a 2005 survey of all female family caretakers in 2 neighbouring Israeli-occupied West Bank villages (n = 820), we explored the associations of demographic, health-related and contextual factors with reported pressures and WHO-5 well-being index scores...
June 5, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
Maite Garaigordobil, Vanesa Martínez-Valderrey
Bullying and cyberbullying have serious consequences for all those involved, especially the victims, and its prevalence is high throughout all the years of schooling, which emphasizes the importance of prevention. This article describes an intervention proposal, made up of a program (Cyberprogram 2.0 Garaigordobil and Martínez-Valderrey, 2014a) and a videogame (Cooperative Cybereduca 2.0 Garaigordobil and Martínez-Valderrey, 2016b) which aims to prevent and reduce cyberbullying during adolescence and which has been validated experimentally...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Christian Carlo Gil-Borrelli, Pello Latasa Zamalloa, María Dolores Martín Ríos, M Ángeles Rodríguez Arenas
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of interpersonal violence in Spain. METHOD: Descriptive study of the cases of patients with secondary diagnosis of aggression registered on a national hospital discharge database, between 1999 and 2011, using the codes from E960 to E969 of the ICD-9. The distribution by sex, age and type of discharge, associated morbidity, mortality and by autonomous community is described. The quality of the record is studied according to its temporal variation...
June 1, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: Aggressions against health staff is a phenomenon that is not widely studied worldwide. To date, there is no national study analyzing this situation in Spain. Our objective is to describe and analyze aggressions to physicians of the whole Spanish territory in the period 2010-2015, through an observational analytical study by conglomerates (ecological) with all aggressions to physicians identified by the 52 official medical associations of Spain over 6 years of study. RESULTS: There were 2419 aggressions on physicians, 51% on men...
June 4, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Cherry Youn, Jocelyn I Meza, Stephen P Hinshaw
OBJECTIVE: Examine the moderating effects of response inhibition on the longitudinal association between social preference/relational aggression measured in childhood, and intimate partner violence (IPV) measured in young adulthood, among women with ( n = 140) and without ( n = 88) histories of childhood ADHD. METHOD: During childhood, social preference was measured through confidential peer sociometric nominations, yielding negative and positive peer regard; relational aggression was assessed via staff behavioral observations; and response inhibition was assessed using commission errors from the continuous performance task...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
Jón Snorrason, Páll Biering
Inpatient violence is a widespread problem on psychiatric wards often with serious consequences, and psychiatric hospitals have set up teams to de-escalate and restrain patients with aggression (D-E&R teams) which are specially trained to respond to it in a safe manner. Successful de-escalation and restraining of patients with aggression depend not only on the methods learned in training but also on the confidence of the team. Therefore, it is of great importance to understand the factors that enhance D-E&R teams' competence in managing patients with aggression in a successful and safe manner...
June 4, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
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