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Violence and aggression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821469/a-cluster-randomized-trial-of-a-middle-school-gender-violence-prevention-program-design-rationale-and-sample-characteristics
#1
Kaleab Z Abebe, Kelley A Jones, Samantha Ciaravino, Lisa Ripper, Taylor Paglisotti, Sarah Elizabeth Morrow, Melanie Grafals, Courtney Van Dusen, Elizabeth Miller
INTRODUCTION: High rates of adolescent relationship abuse (ARA) and sexual violence (SV) reported among adolescents point to the need for prevention among middle school-age youth. This is a cluster randomized controlled trial to test an athletic coach-delivered ARA/SV prevention program in 41 middle schools (38 clusters). Trained coaches talk to their male athletes about 1) what constitutes harmful vs. respectful relationship behaviors, 2) dispelling myths that glorify male sexual aggression and promoting more gender-equitable attitudes, and 3) positive bystander intervention when aggressive male behaviors toward females are witnessed...
August 15, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818010/translation-and-adaptation-of-a-nursing-swearing-impact-questionnaire-into-chinese
#2
Yan Sun, Teresa E Stone, Bingxiang Yang, Marcia A Petrini, Margaret McMillan
BACKGROUND: Verbal aggression and swearing are the most frequently encountered violence in the health care industry. Nurses are the most frequent victims. Not known is the incidence and impact of swearing against nurses in China. OBJECTIVES: (a) Develop a Chinese version of the Nursing Swearing Impact Questionnaire; (b) report the preliminary findings from the use of the tool. METHOD: Using a translation-back translation procedure, focus groups and expert review, followed by a survey of 32 participants...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817578/deliberate-self-harm-behavior-among-young-violent-offenders
#3
Natalie Laporte, Andrejs Ozolins, Sofie Westling, Åsa Westrin, Eva Billstedt, Björn Hofvander, Märta Wallinius
Deliberate self-harm behavior (DSH) can have profound effects on a person's quality of life, and challenges the health care system. Even though DSH has been associated with aggressive interpersonal behaviors, the knowledge on DSH in persons exhibiting such behaviors is scarce. This study aims to (1) specify the prevalence and character of DSH, (2) identify clinical, neurocognitive, psychosocial, and criminological characteristics associated with DSH, and (3) determine predictors of DSH among young violent offenders...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813322/anger-and-aggression-in-ptsd
#4
REVIEW
Casey T Taft, Suzannah K Creech, Christopher M Murphy
Trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder have massive negative consequences; associated anger and aggression are particularly damaging. This overview focuses on these relationships and their potential mechanisms, and offers treatment considerations. Research and theory suggests that trauma impacts anger and aggression through social information processing mechanisms, and an aggression model incorporating impelling, instigating, and disinhibiting factors helps us understand who is at risk under specific circumstances...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810943/language-barrier-as-a-risk-factor-for-injuries-from-patient-violence-among-direct-care-workers-in-home-settings-findings-from-a-u-s-national-sample
#5
Ha Do Byon, Shijun Zhu, George Unick, Carla Storr, Jane Lipscomb
This study explored potential risk factors for injuries from patient violence among direct care workers in U.S. homes (DCWHs). A national probability sample of 3,377 DCWHs including home health and personal care aides was analyzed using complex sample analysis and generalized estimating equation. Injury from violence was defined as a workrelated injury sustained by aggression, violence, or abuse that was reported to the agency, required medical attention or resulted in absenteeism from work. An association between suffering an injury from patient violence and having a language barrier with patients was noted (OR = 4...
August 15, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806369/intimate-partner-violence-victimization-and-associated-implications-for-health-and-functioning-among-male-and-female-post-9-11-veterans
#6
Katherine M Iverson, Dawne Vogt, Rachel M Maskin, Brian N Smith
BACKGROUND: There is increased emphasis on identifying patients who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) in Department of Veterans Affairs and other health care settings. A better understanding of IPV's implications for health and functioning is needed among post-911 Veterans, and especially male Veterans, to inform IPV screening and response. OBJECTIVES: To identify past 6-month IPV experienced among partnered post-9/11 Veterans and examine sex-based associations between IPV and health...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803592/brain-alterations-potentially-associated-with-aggression-and-terrorism
#7
Bernhard Bogerts, Maria Schöne, Stephanie Breitschuh
A large proportion of the persons who join terrorist groups as well as lone-acting terrorists have a history of violent behavior or mental disorder that predated their becoming terrorists. This suggests that brain alterations found to occur in violent perpetrators may also be present in a significant percentage of terrorists. After a short delineation of phylogenetically old neuronal networks that are important for the generation of aggressive behavior in inconspicuous brains, this review summarizes structural and functional brain-imaging studies in violent offenders published over the last 10 years...
August 14, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802869/use-of-a-standardized-procedure-to-improve-behavioral-health-patients-care-a-quality-improvement-initiative
#8
Elizabeth J Winokur, Jeannine Loucks, Glenn H Raup
PROBLEM: Meeting the complex needs of behavioral health (BH) patients in the emergency department is an ongoing challenge. Delays in care can have adverse consequences for patient and staff safety and delay transfer to specialized care. METHODS: A quality improvement, nurse-driven initiative using a standardized procedure (STP) was developed and implemented in our busy Southern California Emergency Department, which focused on improving time to first medication and reduction of restraints...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799889/individual-and-social-correlates-of-aggressive-behavior-in-lebanese-undergraduates-the-role-of-trait-emotional-intelligence
#9
Maria-Jose Sanchez-Ruiz, Amal Baaklini
This study investigates the relationship between Aggressive Behavior and individual factors, namely trait Emotional Intelligence, personality dimensions, emotion regulation and self-worth, as well as social factors, namely accepting/rejecting parenting styles and exposure to violence. The sample consisted of 252 university students in Lebanon (154 females), from 16 to 30 years old. Results from hierarchical regression analyses (controlling for age and gender and in the presence of social and individual predictors) showed that the Self-control and Emotionality factors of trait Emotional Intelligence were significant negative predictors of Aggressive Behavior while controlling for age and gender, and in the presence of social and individual predictors)...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799002/intolerance-and-violence-against-doctors
#10
REVIEW
Meharban Singh
Intolerance and grouse against doctors is a global phenomenon but India seems to lead the world in violence against doctors. According to World Health Organization, about 8-38% healthcare workers suffer physical violence at some point in their careers. Many more are verbally abused or threatened. Public is almost behaving like health sector terrorists. The spate of increasing attacks on doctors by damaging their property and causing physical injury is not acceptable by any civilized society. The public is becoming increasingly intolerant to a large number of social issues because of poor governance and vote bank politics...
August 11, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797822/mental-health-nurses-emotions-exposure-to-patient-aggression-attitudes-to-and-use-of-coercive-measures-cross-sectional-questionnaire-survey
#11
Rahul Jalil, Jorg W Huber, Judith Sixsmith, Geoffrey L Dickens
BACKGROUND: Mental health nurses are exposed to patient aggression, and required to manage and de-escalate aggressive incidents; coercive measures such as restraint and seclusion should only be used as a last resort. An improved understanding of links between nurses' exposure to aggression, attitudes to, and actual involvement in, coercive measures, and their emotions (anger, guilt, fear, fatigue, sadness), could inform preparation and education for prevention and management of violence...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797642/hot-and-bothered-violence-aggression-and-global-warming
#12
EDITORIAL
Larry Dossey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797200/the-polymorphism-of-dopamine-receptor-d4-drd4-and-dopamine-transporter-dat-genes-in-the-men-with-antisocial-behavior-and-mixed-martial-arts-fighters
#13
Elena Cherepkova, Vladimir Maksimov, Alexandr Kushnarev, Igor Shakhmatov, Lyubomir I Aftanas
OBJECTIVES: VNTR polymorphisms of DRD4 and DAT genes were studied in the Russian and Chechen men convicted of crimes, and two control groups comprised of the MMA fighters and a sample of general population. A group of MMA fighters included only the subjects without history of antisocial behavior. METHODS: DNA was isolated by phenol-chloroform extraction from the blood. Genotyping VNTR polymorphisms of the DRD4 and DAT genes were performed by PCR on published methods...
August 11, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767962/cyber-dating-abuse-in-affective-and-sexual-relationships-a-literature-review
#14
Roberta Matassoli Duran Flach, Suely Ferreira Deslandes
Cyber culture with its related e-commerce, expanded since the 2000s through the advent of social network platforms, incites participants to engage in hyper-exposure and spectacularization of their private lives, with inherent consequences for personal image and privacy, publicizing private matters (especially those pertaining to sexuality and corporality) in the digital media. This raises the need to understand how the phenomenon of cyber dating abuse in affective and sexual relationships is conceptualized and characterized in scientific studies, which health problems are associated with it, and which social technologies are suggested for intervention...
July 27, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766471/why-is-terrorism-a-man-s-business
#15
Anne Maria Möller-Leimkühler
Terrorism, whether it is group-related or performed as lone actor terrorism, is a predominantly male phenomenon. Generally and throughout history, young males have been the main protagonists of criminal and political violence. This article aims to contribute, from different perspecives, to the question of what makes young men violent. These include neurobiological aspects, such as sex differences in the brain that predispose males to physical aggression and violence; gender role aspects, with regard to aggression and violence being basic components for demonstrating and reconstructing masculinity; demographic aspects of male youth bulges as potential breeding grounds for terrorism; aspects of group dynamics and identity fusion in the process of radicalization; and psychosocial characteristics of lone actor terrorists, which differ from group-related terrorists...
August 2, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761830/studying-the-effect-of-sertraline-in-reducing-aggressive-behavior-in-patients-with-major-depression
#16
Alireza Farnam, Arezoo MehrAra, Hossein Dadashzadeh, Golamreza Chalabianlou, Salman Safikhanlou
Purpose: Depression causes dysfunction in various spheres of individual and social life, which is now considered as the fourth-leading cause of the global disease burden. Given that violence and aggression associated with depression in the community cause serious damage to the family, the prediction, early detection and effective treatment of aggressive and violent behavior are essential. The present study compared the severity of aggression before and after treatment with sertraline in patients with major depression...
June 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758886/personality-schizophrenia-and-violence-a-longitudinal-study
#17
Valentina Candini, Marta Ghisi, Gioia Bottesi, Clarissa Ferrari, Viola Bulgari, Laura Iozzino, Maria Elena Boero, Alessandra De Francesco, Paolo Maggi, Beatrice Segalini, Vanessa Zuccalli, Gian Marco Giobbio, Giuseppe Rossi, Giovanni de Girolamo
The aims of this study were (a) to investigate the presence of clinically significant personality traits and personality disorders (PD) in patients living in residential facilities, with or without a history of violence (69 and 46, respectively); and (b) to investigate any associations between clinically significant personality traits and PDs, aggression, impulsivity, hostility, and violent behavior during a 1-year follow-up. The most frequent primary diagnoses were schizophrenia (58.3%) and PD (20.9%). Those with a history of violence demonstrated more antisocial and alcohol dependence features and lower depressive PD symptoms than the control group...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758354/an-examination-of-correlates-for-adolescent-engagement-in-nonsuicidal-self-injury-suicidal-self-injury-and-substance-use
#18
Janell A Klassen, Chloe A Hamza, Shannon L Stewart
Little research has examined potential risk factors for direct versus indirect self-injury among adolescents. To address this limitation, 541 clinically referred adolescents were assessed using the interRAI Child and Youth Mental Health Assessment. Logistic regression analyses revealed that older females who experienced heightened depressive symptoms and neighborhood violence were at increased risk for direct self-injury, specifically nonsuicidal and suicidal self-injury. Additionally, adolescents who experienced higher levels of caregiver distress were at greater risk of suicidal self-injury...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751659/ferenczi-s-revolutionary-therapeutic-approach
#19
Clara Mucci
Many of the revolutionary principles introduced by Ferenczi in his clinical practice have now been widely accepted especially in the field of trauma and trauma therapy. Examples of these innovative views include his emphasis on empathy as opposed to technical neutrality and his stress on the real conditions of child caring and family environmental deficits and on the consequences of interpersonal violence and abuse that lead to "identification with the aggressor" by the victim thereby resulting in the internalization of both aggressiveness and guilt (the split guilt of the abuser)...
July 27, 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745942/the-empirically-derived-violence-and-aggression-risk-index-from-the-personality-assessment-inventory-development-validation-and-application-in-general-psychiatric-settings
#20
Michael J Roche, Samuel Justin Sinclair, Christy Denckla, Wei-Jean Chung, Michelle Stein, Mark Blais
The current study developed a new index of violence risk from scales within the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI). Clinical patients from inpatient and outpatient settings completed the PAI along with reports of violence history and arrest record. A forward-selection hierarchical logistic regression was employed (N = 388) to identify the PAI scales (AGG-P, AGG-A, NON, PAR-H, and ANT-A) that could effectively distinguish patients with and without a history of violence. These indicators were then aggregated into a single index, labeled the Violence and Aggression Risk Index (VARI)...
July 26, 2017: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
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