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Violence and aggression

Kathryn H Howell, Idia B Thurston, Amanda J Hasselle, Kristina Decker, Lacy E Jamison
Children are frequently present in homes in which intimate partner violence (IPV) occurs. Following exposure to IPV, children may develop behavioral health difficulties, struggle with regulating emotions, or exhibit aggression. Despite the negative outcomes associated with witnessing IPV, many children also display resilience. Guided by Bronfenbrenner's bioecological model, this study examined person-level, process-level (microsystem), and context-level (mesosystem) factors associated with positive and negative functioning among youth exposed to IPV...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Tom Hildebrandt, Ashley Heywood, Daniel Wesley, Kurt Schulz
Synthetic androgens (i. e., anabolic-androgenic steroids) are the primary component to the majority of problematic appearance and performance enhancing drug (APED) use. Despite evidence that these substances are associated with increased risk for aggression, violence, body image disturbances, and polypharmacy and can develop a pattern of chronic use consistent with drug dependence, there are no formal definitions of androgen intoxication. Consequently, the purpose of this paper is to establish a testable theory of androgen intoxication...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Annis Lai Chu Fung, Toney Ka Hung Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effectiveness of Chinese martial arts in reducing reactive and proactive aggressive behavior among schoolchildren with a cluster-randomized trial. METHODS: A screening questionnaire was completed by 3511 schoolchildren of Grades 2 to 5 from 13 sites in Hong Kong. We shortlisted 298 children who scored z ≥ 1 on the total score of the Reactive-Proactive Aggression Questionnaire in their respective sites to participate in the experiment...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Bethany Devenish, Merrilyn Hooley, David Mellor
Socioeconomically disadvantaged adolescents who are exposed to social norms related to violence against women are more likely to experience or be perpetrators of intimate partner violence. This study evaluated factors hypothesized to be associated with acceptance of wife beating among 240 male and female adolescents aged 10-16 years participating in a World Vision program in Armenia. Acceptance of wife beating was associated with relational victimization, perceived social support, and parent and community boundaries and expectations, but was not associated with overt victimization or aggression...
April 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
Aki Takahashi, Meghan E Flanigan, Bruce S McEwen, Scott J Russo
Social stress can lead to the development of psychological problems ranging from exaggerated anxiety and depression to antisocial and violence-related behaviors. Increasing evidence suggests that the immune system is involved in responses to social stress in adulthood. For example, human studies show that individuals with high aggression traits display heightened inflammatory cytokine levels and dysregulated immune responses such as slower wound healing. Similar findings have been observed in patients with depression, and comorbidity of depression and aggression was correlated with stronger immune dysregulation...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Orratai Waleewong, Anne-Marie Laslett, Richard Chenhall, Robin Room
BACKGROUND: Harm from alcohol-attributable aggression and violence is linked to diminished personal safety and reduced physical and mental health and wellbeing in many countries. But there has been limited evidence on these harms in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). This study measured harm from others' drinking-related aggression, violence and misconduct in five Asian LMICs (Thailand, Sri Lanka, India, Vietnam, and Lao PDR), aiming to compare the magnitude and pattern of harm across countries by gender, age group, educational level, rurality, and country-level indicators...
April 2, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
Luciana Domingues Conceição, Isadora Augusta da Silveira, Gustavo Giacomelli Nascimento, Rafael Guerra Lund, Ricardo Henrique Alves da Silva, Fábio Renato Manzolli Leite
Aim: The etiology and epidemiology of maxillofacial injuries varies widely in different regions of the world due to socioeconomic status, cultural aspects in addition to road traffic and drug consumption. The aim of this study is to determine major causes and epidemiological characteristics of maxillofacial trauma in a 5-year period. Materials and methods: Reports of corporal trauma (n = 25,632) from 2007 to 2011 in the Department of Forensic Medicine were analyzed as to the presence of maxillofacial injuries...
June 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Leila Posenato Garcia, Gabriela Drummond Marques da Silva
The study aimed to describe the treatment profile for victims of intimate partner violence in urgent and emergency care services in the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS) and to investigate differences between the sexes. A descriptive study was performed with data from a survey performed by the System for Surveillance of Accidents and Violence (VIVA Survey), conducted in 86 urgent and emergency care services in 25 state capitals in 2014. All 506 cases of intimate partner violence were included, with 69...
March 29, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
William Forde Thompson, Kirk N Olsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2018: Physics of Life Reviews
Ainhoa Izaguirre, Esther Calvete
Exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) and child maltreatment may have devastating consequences on children's development. The aim of this research was to examine the predictive associations between exposure to violence at home (witnessing violence against the mother and/or direct victimization by the parents) and adolescent internalizing and externalizing problems. A total of 613 Spanish adolescents (13-18 years) took part in this study. Results indicate that psychological victimization by the parents predicted an increase in anxious/depressive symptoms, aggressive and rule-breaking behavior, and substance abuse at Time 2...
April 1, 2018: Violence and Victims
Joana Del Hoyo-Bilbao, Manuel Gámez-Guadix, Izaskun Orue, Esther Calvete
The main objective of this study was to validate the child-to-parent aggression questionnaire (CPAQ) in a clinical sample of adolescents who aggress against their parents. The second aim was to analyze the child-to-parent violence (CPV) prevalence and gender and age differences among these adolescents. The third aim was to analyze the frequency of CPV against mothers and fathers. The CPAQ was completed by 169 adolescents (49 girls) with a mean age of 16.26 years (SD = 1.56) who had committed CPV. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated a good model fit for four related factors (physical-aggression against mother, physical-aggression against father, psychological-aggression against mother, psychological-aggression against father)...
April 1, 2018: Violence and Victims
Ryan E Lawrence, Maria M Perez-Coste, Stan D Arkow, Paul S Appelbaum, Lisa B Dixon
OBJECTIVE: Violent and aggressive behaviors are common among psychiatric inpatients. Hospital security officers are sometimes used to address such behaviors. Research on the role of security in inpatient units is scant. This study examined when security is utilized and what happens when officers arrive. METHODS: The authors reviewed the security logbook and the medical records for all patients discharged from an inpatient psychiatry unit over a six-month period...
April 2, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Jason E Goldstick, Jessica S Roche, Patrick M Carter, Brooke J Arterberry, Erin E Bonar, Maureen A Walton, Marc Zimmerman, Rebecca M Cunningham
Video gaming, a remarkably popular hobby in the United States, has been consistently identified as a correlate of aggressive behavior, and this association is not limited to violent video gaming. Prior studies of sex differences in the association between video gaming and aggression have not controlled for other well-known violence correlates (e.g., substance use, community violence exposure, violence attitudes) or focused primarily on high-risk youth. In this study, we used data from an emergency department in Flint, Michigan ( N = 409, 59...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Ellen Giarelli, Romy Nocera, Michael Jobes, Carol Boylan, Jen Lopez, Julie Knerr
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to explore and describe: (a) the prevalence of incidents of aggression and violence among patients, including frequency, kinds and severity of incidents of among patients; target of the aggression; (b) situational factors including time of location and time of event; and (c) staff interventions. We describe the relationships among variables to answer the following research questions: (1) What factors are associated with incidents of aggression and violence, and (2) are factors modifiable? METHODS: The exploratory descriptive study used data collected by retrospective chart review over a three-year period; the dates of January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2013...
April 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Sara F Stein, Andrew C Grogan-Kaylor, Maria M Galano, Hannah M Clark, Sandra A Graham-Bermann
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant social and public health problem that includes physical violence, sexual violence, threats of physical or sexual violence, stalking, and psychological aggression by an intimate partner. Estimates suggest that 35% of Latinas living in the United States experience IPV in their lifetime, with known severe negative outcomes. One mental health consequence of concern is depression, which disproportionately affects IPV-exposed Latinas. The present study tested the effectiveness of the Moms' Empowerment Program (MEP), a culturally adapted intervention to reduce depressive symptoms among IPV-exposed Spanish-speaking Latina mothers...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Robert C Bransfield
Background: No study has previously analyzed aggressiveness, homicide, and Lyme disease (LD). Materials and methods: Retrospective LD chart reviews analyzed aggressiveness, compared 50 homicidal with 50 non-homicidal patients, and analyzed homicides. Results: Most aggression with LD was impulsive, sometimes provoked by intrusive symptoms, sensory stimulation or frustration and was invariably bizarre and senseless. About 9.6% of LD patients were homicidal with the average diagnosis delay of 9 years...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Knut Langsrud, Håvard Kallestad, Arne Vaaler, Roger Almvik, Tom Palmstierna, Gunnar Morken
Evaluations of associations between sleep at night and aggressive behaviour in Psychiatric Intensive Care Units (PICU) are lacking. The aims were to explore if sleep duration or night-to-night variations in sleep duration correlated with aggressive behaviour and aggressive incidents the next day and through the whole admission. Fifty consecutive patients admitted to a PICU were included (521 nights) and the nurses registered the time patients were sleeping, aggressive behaviour with The Brøset Violence Checklist (BVC) and aggressive incidents with The Staff Observation Aggression Scale-Revised (SOAS-R)...
March 6, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Elisabete P Silva, Andrea Lemos, Carlos H S Andrade, Ana B Ludermir
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of intimate partner violence during the gestational period and the development of externalizing and internalizing behavioral problems in children and adolescents. SOURCE OF DATA: A meta-analysis of cohort and case-control studies was performed, using studies selected from electronic databases. Eligible studies included women who experienced intimate partner violence during pregnancy and their children's behavioral problems...
March 20, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Rosa Maria Godoy Serpa da Fonseca, Danyelle Leonette Araújo Dos Santos, Rafaela Gessner, Lucimara Fabiana Fornari, Rebeca Nunes Guedes de Oliveira, Michaela Chiara Schoenmaker
OBJECTIVE: To identify and analyze the perception of high school students about violence in intimacy relations in adolescence, in the light of the category Gender. METHOD: A qualitative, descriptive and exploratory study, based on the comments of 27 adolescents participating in the online game, Papo Reto. The discourses were submitted to the analysis of thematic content and discussed in the light of the category Gender. RESULTS: Adolescents naturalize violence in their relationships of intimacy, but when they recognize it, they react in several ways: with aggressions, dialoguing with the partner or seeking support from third parties...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Meagan J Brem, Autumn Rae Florimbio, JoAnna Elmquist, Ryan C Shorey, Gregory L Stuart
Objective: Men with antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) traits are at an increased risk for consuming alcohol and perpetrating intimate partner violence (IPV). However, previous research has neglected malleable mechanisms potentially responsible for the link between ASPD traits, alcohol problems, and IPV perpetration. Efforts to improve the efficacy of batterer intervention programs (BIPs) would benefit from exploration of such malleable mechanisms. The present study is the first to examine distress tolerance as one such mechanism linking men's ASPD traits to their alcohol problems and IPV perpetration...
2018: Psychology of Violence
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