keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Violence and aggression

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464538/temperament-moderators-of-prospective-associations-between-community-violence-exposure-and-urban-african-american-adolescents-aggressive-behavior
#1
Rachel M Tache, Sharon F Lambert, Jody M Ganiban, Nicholas S Ialongo
Research suggests that neighborhood risks are associated with internalizing symptoms for adolescents high on temperament characteristics related to the behavioral inhibition system (BIS). However, it is unclear whether newer conceptualizations of the BIS distinguishing fear from anxiety operate similarly. Furthermore, it is unclear whether the BIS attenuates community violence exposure effects on externalizing problems. The current study examined whether the BIS or the fight-flight-freeze system (FFFS) moderated associations between community violence exposure and internalizing and externalizing problems...
February 20, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464235/occupational-violence-and-staff-safety-in-general-practice
#2
Steven Moylan
BACKGROUND: The recent death of a Victorian surgeon who was assaulted by a member of the public when leaving work has re-highlighted the risk and potential cost of violence experienced by healthcare workers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to outline the risk of occupational violence experienced by doctors, and general practitioners in particular, and to discuss practical measures that can be taken to manage this risk. DISCUSSION: The majority of doctors have experienced aggression or violence in their workplaces in the past 12 months...
December 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448908/the-role-of-cultural-factors-on-dating-aggression-and-delinquency-among-latino-youth
#3
Carlos A Cuevas, Chiara Sabina, Anjuli Fahlberg, Maria Espinola
There is limited research comparatively evaluating delinquency and dating aggression among Latino youth. This analysis examines the rates and cultural correlates associated with delinquency and dating aggression among Latino youth using data from the Dating Violence Among Latino Adolescents study. The study surveyed 1,525 Latino adolescents between the ages of 12 and 18 years about past-year dating aggression perpetration and delinquency. Dating aggression perpetration and delinquency rates and relative risk ratios are presented...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447586/a-longitudinal-study-of-interest-and-membership-in-a-fraternity-rape-myth-acceptance-and-proclivity-to-perpetrate-sexual-assault
#4
Rita C Seabrook, Sarah McMahon, Julia O'Connor
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the relation between interest and membership in a fraternity and acceptance of sexual violence (e.g., rape myth acceptance, proclivity to perpetrate sexual aggression) among first year college men. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 315 men were surveyed before their first year of college (June - August 2010) and again at four time points over the next year. METHODS: Participants responded to measures of rape myth acceptance and proclivity to perpetrate sexual aggression...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446662/parents-knowledge-and-beliefs-about-the-impact-of-exposure-to-media-violence-on-children-s-aggression
#5
Nahla Mansour Al-Ali, Hadeel Said Yaghy, Khulood K Shattnawi, Noha M Al-Shdayfat
The current study aimed to assess Jordanian parents' knowledge and beliefs about the effects of violent media on children's aggressive behavior. A sample of 262 parents of children aged 6-11 years completed a Media Quotient questionnaire about children's media habits, media effects, and children's aggressive behavior. Parents reported that their children spend an average of 4.83 h (SD = 2.12) watching TV, 3.20 h (SD = 2.29) playing video games, 1.07 h (SD = 0.88) listening to music, and only 0.52 min (SD = 0...
February 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427832/violence-towards-emergency-nurses-the-italian-national-survey-2016-a-qualitative-study
#6
Nicola Ramacciati, Andrea Ceccagnoli, Beniamino Addey, Laura Rasero
INTRODUCTION: Physical and verbal aggression against health professionals, particularly nurses, is globally serious and widespread, with the most vulnerable being nurses working in the Accident and Emergency Department. Most international research into this issue focused on quantifying aggression, describing its nature, identifying perpetrators, stratifying risk and implementing preventive or mitigating interventions. Few studies investigated the nurses' subjective perceptions. As part of the 2016 Italian National Survey on Violence against Accident and Emergency Nurses, our research team collected qualitative data to explore their perceptions of Workplace Violence...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427524/differentiating-corporal-punishment-from-physical-abuse-in-the-prediction-of-lifetime-aggression
#7
Alan R King, Abrianna Ratzak, Sage Ballantyne, Shane Knutson, Tiffany D Russell, Colton R Pogalz, Cody M Breen
Corporal punishment and parental physical abuse often co-occur during upbringing, making it difficult to differentiate their selective impacts on psychological functioning. Associations between corporal punishment and a number of lifetime aggression indicators were examined in this study after efforts to control the potential influence of various forms of co-occurring maltreatment (parental physical abuse, childhood sexual abuse, sibling abuse, peer bullying, and observed parental violence). College students (N = 1,136) provided retrospective self-reports regarding their history of aggression and levels of exposure to childhood corporal punishment and maltreatment experiences...
February 10, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426819/offenders-become-the-victim-in-virtual-reality-impact-of-changing-perspective-in-domestic-violence
#8
S Seinfeld, J Arroyo-Palacios, G Iruretagoyena, R Hortensius, L E Zapata, D Borland, B de Gelder, M Slater, M V Sanchez-Vives
The role of empathy and perspective-taking in preventing aggressive behaviors has been highlighted in several theoretical models. In this study, we used immersive virtual reality to induce a full body ownership illusion that allows offenders to be in the body of a victim of domestic abuse. A group of male domestic violence offenders and a control group without a history of violence experienced a virtual scene of abuse in first-person perspective. During the virtual encounter, the participants' real bodies were replaced with a life-sized virtual female body that moved synchronously with their own real movements...
February 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425751/aggression-using-a-knife-or-other-sharp-instruments-and-oral-maxillofacial-traumas-incidence-risk-factors-and-epidemiologic-trends
#9
Luzia Michelle Santos, Italo M Bernardino, Alysson Vinicius Ferreira Porto, Kevan Guilherme Nórbrega Barbosa, Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Sérgio d'Avila
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to characterize the profile of victims of interpersonal physical violence (IPV) caused by a knife or other sharp instrument, identify the factors associated with maxillofacial trauma, and examine the incidence of maxillofacial trauma over time. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, we evaluated 569 medicolegal and social records of IPV victims by knife or other sharp instruments treated at a forensic medicine and dentistry center in Brazil during a 4-year consecutive period...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415561/psychological-and-physical-violence-towards-children-with-disabilities-in-finland-and-sweden
#10
Tanja Koivula, Noora Ellonen, Staffan Janson, Carolina Jernbro, Heini Huhtala, Eija Paavilainen
This article describes psychological aggression and physical violence by Swedish and Finnish mothers ( N = 3420) towards their 0- to 12-year-old children with disabilities ( N = 286) by comparing such behaviour with the mothers of children without disabilities ( N = 3134). The survey data are based on representative samples from Finland and Sweden of mothers' reports of their behaviour towards their child in conflict situations. Mothers of children with disabilities reported more psychological aggression towards their child than did mothers of children without disabilities...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413069/incidence-type-related-factors-and-effect-of-workplace-violence-on-mental-health-nurses-a-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Bing Xiang Yang, Teresa E Stone, Marcia A Petrini, Diana L Morris
OBJECTIVE: Workplace violence and its impact on mental health nurses have yet to be thoroughly explored in China. This study aims to investigate the incidence, type, related factors, and effects of workplace violence on mental health nurses as well as identifying coping strategies. METHODS: A researcher - designed workplace violence questionnaire and the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey were distributed to nurses at a mental health hospital in Wuhan, China...
February 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412348/quality-of-records-on-sexual-violence-against-women-in-the-information-system-for-notifiable-diseases-sinan-in-santa-catarina-brazil-2008-2013
#12
Carmem Regina Delziovo, Carolina Carvalho Bolsoni, Sheila Rubia Lindner, Elza Berger Salema Coelho
OBJECTIVE: to describe the quality of records on cases of sexual violence against women, reported in the Information System for Notifiable Diseases (Sinan), in Santa Catarina State, Brazil, from 2008 to 2013. METHODS: normative assessment with data from records of sexual violence cases against women (≥10 years old); data quality was described according to the dimensions 'non-duplicity' (acceptable when >95%), 'completeness' (good when >75%), and 'consistency' (excellent when >90...
February 1, 2018: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409328/parental-reactions-to-parent-and-sibling-directed-aggression-within-a-domestic-violence-context
#13
Michelle P Desir, Canan Karatekin
Parent- and sibling-directed aggression by minor children are two forms of family violence that often co-occur and have strong relations to prior exposure to domestic violence, yet are often overlooked in intervention efforts. In addition, current research does not examine these forms of family violence in tandem, and there is very limited research with samples exposed to domestic violence. To better understand how these forms of aggression operate within a domestic violence context, we interviewed 44 women residing in a domestic violence shelter with at least one child over 3...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380653/psychopathic-traits-and-sexual-coercion-against-relationship-partners-in-men-and-women
#14
Amy M Hoffmann, Edelyn Verona
The present study examined the relationships between psychopathic traits, gender, and sexual coercion perpetration in the specific context of intimate partner relationships. Community-dwelling adult men and women with recent criminal or substance-use histories ( N = 300) completed self-report measures of psychopathic personality traits (interpersonal, affective, lifestyle, and antisocial facets), sexual coercion perpetrated within their most recent relationship, and other relevant behaviors including physical intimate partner violence perpetration and sexual coercion victimization...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369918/public-health-impact-of-androgens
#15
Gen Kanayama, Marc J Kaufman, Harrison G Pope
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize recent findings regarding the public health impact of androgen abuse. RECENT FINDINGS: Abuse of androgens (also called 'anabolic-androgenic steroids') has grown into a major worldwide substance abuse problem involving tens of millions of individuals, of whom about 98% are men. Most androgen abusers are still under age 50 today, and thus, the long-term effects of these drugs are only beginning to be understood. Recent studies confirm that long-term supraphysiologic androgen exposure produces cardiovascular toxicity, characterized especially by cardiomyopathy and atherosclerotic disease...
January 24, 2018: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367805/-give-me-some-space-exploring-youth-to-parent-aggression-and-violence
#16
Lynne Gabriel, Zahra Tizro, Hazel James, Jane Cronin-Davis, Tanya Beetham, Alice Corbally, Emily Lopez-Moreno, Sarah Hill
A small scale qualitative project, undertaken by an interdisciplinary domestic violence research group involving academic researchers and research assistants, with colleagues from Independent Domestic Abuse Services (IDAS), investigated youth aggression and violence against parents. Following the literature review, data was generated through several research conversations with young people (n = 2), through semi-structured interviews with mothers (n = 3) and practitioners (n = 5), and through a practitioner focus group (n = 8)...
2018: Journal of Family Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363473/aggressive-behavior-in-adolescence-as-a-predictor-of-personal-family-and-school-adjustment-problems
#17
Estefanía Estévez, Teresa I Jiménez, David Moreno
BACKGROUND: The goal of the present study was to determine the extent to which aggressive behavior towards peers predicts greater personal, school, and family maladjustment in adolescent aggressors of both sexes. METHOD: The sample consisted of 1510 Spanish adolescents from 12 to 17 years old, who anonymously and voluntarily completed self-report questionnaires. RESULTS: Binary Logistic regression analysis showed that, regarding personal adjustment, aggressive behavior was significantly associated with high scores in depressive symptomatology, perceived stress and loneliness, and low scores in self-esteem, life satisfaction and empathy, for both sexes...
February 2018: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358123/aggression-and-violence-in-healthcare-and-its-impact-on-nursing-students-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Martin Hopkins, Catherine M Fetherston, Paul Morrison
Aggression and violence is a significant social problem in many countries and an increasing problem in healthcare settings in which nurses are particularly vulnerable. The literature suggests that aggression and violence has a significant negative impact upon nurses and potentially upon nursing students and can result in these staff members experiencing stress as a direct result of these adverse events. The literature suggests that there is confusion over what constitutes aggression and violence in the workplace and therefore a true lack of understanding of the scale of the problem relating to nursing students...
December 21, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352400/project-date-smart-a-dating-violence-dv-and-sexual-risk-prevention-program-for-adolescent-girls-with-prior-dv-exposure
#19
Christie J Rizzo, Meredith Joppa, David Barker, Charlene Collibee, Caron Zlotnick, Larry K Brown
This study assessed the initial feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of an intervention aimed at reducing dating violence and sexual risk behavior in a sample of adolescent girls (ages 14-17) with prior exposure to physical dating violence (DV). One hundred and nine girls were randomly assigned to Date SMART (Skills to Manage Aggression in Relationships for Teens) or a Knowledge-only (KO) comparison group. Both intervention arms consisted of six, weekly 2-h sessions and one "booster" session 6 weeks later...
January 20, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351110/low-cholesterol-impulsivity-and-violence-revisited
#20
Katrin Tomson-Johanson, Jaanus Harro
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the recent findings on the association of cholesterol levels with impulsivity and violence. RECENT FINDINGS: Several authors have recently highlighted the importance of confounding factors that mask the association between cholesterol and impulsivity or violent behaviour. In particular, demographic factors and presence of psychiatric disorders can play a role in the discrepancies present in literature. Men seem to be more sensitive to low cholesterol levels as the association between low cholesterol levels and aggression is found mostly in men...
January 17, 2018: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
keyword
keyword
118462
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"