Read by QxMD icon Read

Neuromuscular medicine

Dan Sun, Wei Xu, Na Chen, Shi-Min Li, Tian Fu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical efficacy of intradermal needle-embedding therapy in the treatment of dysphagia in stroke patients. METHODS: A total of 80 stroke patients with dysphagia were randomly divided into treatment group and control group ( n = 40 in each). The control group was treated with conventional medicines, neuromuscular electrical stimulation of the bilateral midlines of the neck and swallowing function training, and the treatment group treated by intradermal needle-embedding at Lianquan (CV 23), Jialianquan-point, Yifeng (TE 17), Ashi-point, etc...
February 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Ikjae Lee, Hani Kushlaf
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate needle electromyography (EMG) practice patterns among electromyographers in patients taking novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs). METHODS: A survey questionnaire was sent to members of the American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine (AANEM) via email weblink. Anonymous survey responses were collected through an online website. RESULTS: 58 AANEM members responded, 28 (48%) of whom worked at a teaching hospital and 30 (52%) in a private setting...
March 6, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
Michael J Duncan, Thomas Hames, Emma L J Eyre
This study examined whether scheduling of object control (e.g., throwing, catching) and locomotor skills (e.g., running, jumping), within an integrated neuromuscular training (INT) program, results in different responses in motor competence, muscular fitness and perceived motor competence in 6-7 year old children. Seventy seven boys and 63 girls (n = 140) from 3 primary schools were randomised into three, 10-week interventions, Loco First (n = 50) where locomotor skills were performed first followed by object control skills; Object First (n =48) where object control skills were performed first followed by locomotor skills or a control group (n =42, CON) who undertook school Physical Education...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Gregory Roe, William Shaw, Joshua Darrall-Jones, Padraic J Phibbs, Dale Read, Jonathon J Weakley, Kevin Till, Ben Jones
The aim of the study was to assess the between-day reliability and validity of a medicine ball contained-accelerometer (MBA) for assessing upper-body neuromuscular performance during a throwing task. Ten professional rugby union players partook in the study. Between-day reliability was assessed from the best score attained during 2 sets of 3 throws, on 2 testing occasions separated by 7 days. Validity was assessed against a criterion measure (Optioelectronic system) during 75 throws from a sub group of three participants...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Min Yan, Guang-Lin Xing, Wen-Cheng Xiong, Lin Mei
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a common disorder that affects the neuromuscular junction. It is caused by antibodies against acetylcholine receptor and muscle-specific tyrosine kinase; however, some MG patients do not have antibodies against either of the proteins. Recent studies have revealed antibodies against agrin and its receptor LRP4-both critical for neuromuscular junction formation and maintenance-in MG patients from various populations. Results from experimental autoimmune MG animal models indicate that anti-LRP4 antibodies are causal to MG...
January 28, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Ramazan Üstün, Elif Kaval Oğuz, Çağrı Delilbaşı, Ayşe Şeker, Filiz Taşpınar, Mehmet Reşit Öncü, Ahmet Regaip Oğuz
Purpose Ankaferd Blood Stopper® (ABS), a licenced medicinal herbal extract, is commonly used as an effective topical haemostatic agent. This study is designed to investigate whether topical ABS application may cause peripheral nerve degeneration and neuromuscular dysfunction in a mouse sciatic nerve model. Methods Twenty mice were randomly divided into two groups; an ABS treated experimental group and a saline-treated control group. Left sciatic nerves were treated with 0.3 ml of ABS in the experimental group and 0...
January 15, 2018: Somatosensory & Motor Research
Paul T Morgan, Joanna L Bowtell, Anni Vanhatalo, Andrew M Jones, Stephen J Bailey
AIM: Acetaminophen is a commonly used medicine for pain relief and emerging evidence suggests that it may improve endurance exercise performance. This study investigated some of the physiological mechanisms by which acute acetaminophen ingestion might blunt muscle fatigue development. METHODS: Thirteen active males completed 60 × 3 s maximum voluntary contractions (MVC) of the knee extensors with each contraction separated by a 2 s passive recovery period...
January 13, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Mário A M Simim, Gustavo R da Mota, Moacir Marocolo, Bruno V C da Silva, Marco Túlio de Mello, Paul S Bradley
We investigated the match demands (distances covered and acute physiological responses) of amputee soccer and its impact on muscular endurance and power. Measures such as heart rate, blood lactate concentration, subjective rating of perceived exertion, and time-motion characteristics were recorded in 16 Brazilian amputee soccer players during matches. Before and after matches, players completed a battery of tests: push-ups, countermovement vertical jump performance, and medicine ball throwing. Small differences were found between the first and second half for the distance covered in total and across various speed categories...
January 5, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
Sunil J Wimalawansa, DSc Mohammed S Razzaque, Nasser M Al-Daghri
The incidence and the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency are increasing worldwide. It is estimated that over 50% of population in the world have low in vitamin D (i.e., hypovitaminosis D; levels below 30 ng/mL). 80% of our vitamin D requirement comes from the ultraviolet rays from sunlight, and for the remainder, we rely from the diet and supplements. The latter become important when one is exposing to less than optimal amounts of sunlight, inability of the skin to generate vitamin D efficiently, and/or having secondary causes that leads to increase catabolism of vitamin D...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Michael D April, Steven G Schauer, Calvin A Brown Rd, Patrick C Ng, Jessie Fernandez, Andrea E Fantegrossi, Joseph K Maddry, Shane Summers, Daniel J Sessions, Robert M Barnwell, Mark Antonacci
Emergency airway management is a critical skill for military healthcare providers. Our goal was to describe the Emergency Department (ED) intubations at Brooke Army Medical Center (BAMC) over a 12-month period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Physicians performing endotracheal intubations in the BAMC ED complete data collection forms for each intubation event as part of the National Emergency Airway Registry, including patient demographics, intubation techniques, success and failure rates, adverse events, and patient disposition...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
Mohamed A A Yousef, Darius Dranginis, Scott Rosenfeld
BACKGROUND: Children with neuromuscular disorders have a significant chance of developing scoliosis and/or hip dislocation during childhood and adolescence and often undergo surgical reconstruction. Because of their high rate of medical comorbidities, these patients are at higher risk of postoperative complications and are therefore often comanaged, along with orthopaedics, by pediatric medicine and critical care teams. Fever during the postoperative stay is a frequent occurrence and often prompts extensive diagnostic workup which increases the cost and burden on the health system but have unclear effects on the care of the patient...
February 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
(no author information available yet)
Choosing Wisely is an initiative of the ABIM Foundation in partnership with Consumer Reports that seeks to advance a national dialogue on avoiding wasteful or unnecessary medical tests, treatments and procedures. The American Association for Neuromuscular & Electrodiagnostic Medicine's (AANEM) Professional Practice Committee (PPC) identified areas in neuromuscular and electrodiagnostic medicine that have the greatest potential for overuse/misuse and provided five recommendations for both patients and physicians to consider before proceeding with the specified test or treatment...
February 2018: Muscle & Nerve
Jaime Fernandez-Fernandez, Urs Granacher, David Sanz-Rivas, Jose Manuel Sarabia Marín, Jose Luis Hernandez-Davo, Manuel Moya
Fernandez-Fernandez, J, Granacher, U, Sanz-Rivas, D, Sarabia Marín, JM, Hernandez-Davo, JL, and Moya, M. Sequencing effects of neuromuscular training on physical fitness in youth elite tennis players. J Strength Cond Res 32(3): 849-856, 2018-The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of a 5-week neuromuscular training (NMT) implemented before or after a tennis session in prepubertal players on selected components of physical fitness. Sixteen high-level tennis players with a mean age of 12.9 ± 0.4 years participated in this study, and were assigned to either a training group performing NMT before tennis-specific training (BT; n = 8) or a group that conducted NMT after tennis-specific training (AT; n = 8)...
March 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Giovanni Barassi, Rosa Grazia Bellomo, Annamaria Porreca, Piera Attilia Di Felice, Loris Prosperi, Raoul Saggini
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to verify whether neuromuscular therapy (NMT) or pharmacology therapy (PT) is more effective for reducing symptoms in women affected by primary dysmenorrhea and the effects associated with each treatment. DESIGN: A controlled, randomized, single-blind clinical trial within the framework of the chair of physical medicine and rehabilitation of the University "G. d'Annunzio" of Chieti-Pescara. The study was conducted on a sample of 60 women suffering from primary dysmenorrhea...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Sophie Nicole, Yoshiteru Azuma, Stéphanie Bauché, Bruno Eymard, Hanns Lochmüller, Clarke Slater
Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS) form a heterogeneous group of rare diseases characterized by fatigable muscle weakness. They are genetically-inherited and caused by defective synaptic transmission at the cholinergic neuromuscular junction (NMJ). The number of genes known to cause CMS when mutated is currently 30, and the relationship between fatigable muscle weakness and defective functions is quite well-understood for many of them. However, some of the most recent discoveries in individuals with CMS challenge our knowledge of the NMJ, where the basis of the pathology has mostly been investigated in animal models...
2017: Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases
Jon Sussman, Maria E Farrugia, Paul Maddison, Marguerite Hill, M Isabel Leite, David Hilton-Jones
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease of the neuromuscular junction for which many therapies were developed before the era of evidence-based medicine. Despite the basic principles of treatment being well known, patients continue to receive suboptimal treatment. A myasthenia gravis guidelines group was therefore established under the aegis of the Association of British Neurologists. These guidelines attempt to steer a path between evidence-based practice where available and established best practice where evidence is unavailable...
January 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Laura Schaefer, Marko Hoff, Frank Bittmann
The term Adaptive Force (AF) describes the capability of adaptation of the nerve-muscle-system to externally applied forces during isometric and eccentric muscle action. This ability plays an important role in real life motions as well as in sports. The focus of this paper is on the specific measurement method of this neuromuscular action, which can be seen as innovative. A measuring system based on the use of compressed air was constructed and evaluated for this neuromuscular function. It depends on the physical conditions of the subject, at which force level it deviates from the quasi isometric position and merges into eccentric muscle action...
June 27, 2017: European Journal of Translational Myology
Carolina Harder, Akila Lara de Oliveira, Andreia Borges Scriboni, Adélia Cristina Oliveira Cintra, Raphael Schezaro-Ramos, Márcio Galdino Dos Santos, Karina Cogo-Müller, Regina Yuri Hashimoto Miura, Rafael Stuani Floriano, Sandro Rostelato-Ferreira, Yoko Oshima-Franco
Purpose: Bothrops snakes are responsible for more than 70 % of snakebites every year in Brazil and their venoms cause severe local and systemic damages. The pharmacological properties of medicinal plants have been widely investigated in order to discover new alternative treatments for different classes of diseases including neglected tropical diseases as envenomation by snakebites. In this work, we have investigated the ability of Vochysia haenkeana stem barks extract (VhE) to neutralize the neuromuscular effects caused by Bothropstoxin-I (BthTX-I), the major phospholipase A2 (PLA2) myotoxin from B...
September 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Carmen Concerto, Hyunji Boo, Charles Hu, Priam Sandilya, Anita Krish, Eileen Chusid, Diego Coira, Eugenio Aguglia, Fortunato Battaglia
BACKGROUND: Hypericum perforatum (HYP) extract is one of the most commonly used complementary alternative medicines (CAMs) for the treatment of mild-to-moderate depression. Non-invasive brain stimulation protocols can be used to investigate the effect of psychoactive substances on the human brain. In this study, we explored the effect of a single dose of HYP extract (WS 5570) intake on corticospinal excitability and plasticity in humans. METHODS: Twenty-eight healthy subjects were required to intake 900 mg of either HYP extract or placebo...
October 10, 2017: Psychopharmacology
K Pugdahl, S Beniczky, B Wanscher, B Johnsen, E Qerama, M Ballegaard, K Benedek, A Juhl, M Ööpik, P Selmar, J Sønderborg, D Terney, A Fuglsang-Frederiksen
OBJECTIVE: This study validates consensus criteria for localisation of ulnar neuropathy at elbow (UNE) developed by a taskforce of the Danish Society of Clinical Neurophysiology and compares them to the existing criteria from the American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine (AANEM). The Danish criteria are based on combinations of conduction slowing in the segments of the elbow and forearm expressed in Z-scores, and difference between the segments in m/s. Examining fibres to several muscles and sensory fibres can increase the certainty of the localisation...
November 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"