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A20 AND infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408611/correction-for-doukas-and-sarnow-escape-from-transcriptional-shutoff-during-poliovirus-infection-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-responsive-genes-i%C3%AE%C2%BAba-and-a20
#1
Tammy Doukas, Peter Sarnow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405612/microrna-125a-and-b-inhibit-a20-and-mavs-to-promote-inflammation-and-impair-antiviral-response-in-copd
#2
Alan C-Y Hsu, Kamal Dua, Malcolm R Starkey, Tatt-Jhong Haw, Prema M Nair, Kristy Nichol, Nathan Zammit, Shane T Grey, Katherine J Baines, Paul S Foster, Philip M Hansbro, Peter A Wark
Influenza A virus (IAV) infections lead to severe inflammation in the airways. Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) characteristically have exaggerated airway inflammation and are more susceptible to infections with severe symptoms and increased mortality. The mechanisms that control inflammation during IAV infection and the mechanisms of immune dysregulation in COPD are unclear. We found that IAV infections lead to increased inflammatory and antiviral responses in primary bronchial epithelial cells (pBECs) from healthy nonsmoking and smoking subjects...
April 6, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363868/neoagarooligosaccharides-prevent-septic-shock-by-modulating-a20-and-cyclooxygenase-2-mediated-interleukin-10-secretion-in-a-septic-shock-mouse-model
#3
Da Rae Kang, Gun Young Yoon, Joon Cho, Seung Jun Lee, Su Jin Lee, Hee Jo Park, Tae Heung Kang, Hee Dong Han, Won Sun Park, Young Kyung Yoon, Yeong-Min Park, In Duk Jung
Analysis of the signaling mechanism triggered by endotoxin-mediated toll-like receptor-4 activation using immune cell systems or rodent models may help identify potential agents for the prevention of Gram-negative bacteria infection. β-agarase cleaves the β-1,4-linkages of agar to produce neoagarooligosaccharides (NAOs), which have various physiological functions. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of NAOs in preventing experimental sepsis caused by the administration of endotoxin or Gram-negative bacteria...
May 13, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355270/the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-dependent-and-independent-transcriptome-and-chromatin-landscapes-of-human-coronavirus-229e-infected-cells
#4
Michael Poppe, Sascha Wittig, Liane Jurida, Marek Bartkuhn, Jochen Wilhelm, Helmut Müller, Knut Beuerlein, Nadja Karl, Sabin Bhuju, John Ziebuhr, M Lienhard Schmitz, Michael Kracht
Coronavirus replication takes place in the host cell cytoplasm and triggers inflammatory gene expression by poorly characterized mechanisms. To obtain more insight into the signals and molecular events that coordinate global host responses in the nucleus of coronavirus-infected cells, first, transcriptome dynamics was studied in human coronavirus 229E (HCoV-229E)-infected A549 and HuH7 cells, respectively, revealing a core signature of upregulated genes in these cells. Compared to treatment with the prototypical inflammatory cytokine interleukin(IL)-1, HCoV-229E replication was found to attenuate the inducible activity of the transcription factor (TF) NF-κB and to restrict the nuclear concentration of NF-κB subunits by (i) an unusual mechanism involving partial degradation of IKKβ, NEMO and IκBα and (ii) upregulation of TNFAIP3 (A20), although constitutive IKK activity and basal TNFAIP3 expression levels were shown to be required for efficient virus replication...
March 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210256/transcriptomic-analysis-of-the-innate-antiviral-immune-response-in-porcine-intestinal-epithelial-cells-influence-of-immunobiotic-lactobacilli
#5
Leonardo Albarracin, Hisakazu Kobayashi, Hikaru Iida, Nana Sato, Tomonori Nochi, Hisashi Aso, Susana Salva, Susana Alvarez, Haruki Kitazawa, Julio Villena
Lactobacillus rhamnosus CRL1505 and Lactobacillus plantarum CRL1506 are immunobiotic strains able to increase protection against viral intestinal infections as demonstrated in animal models and humans. To gain insight into the host-immunobiotic interaction, the transcriptomic response of porcine intestinal epithelial (PIE) cells to the challenge with viral molecular associated pattern poly(I:C) and the changes in the transcriptomic profile induced by the immunobiotics strains CRL1505 and CRL1506 were investigated in this work...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199901/cd44-deficiency-enhanced-streptococcus-equi-ssp-zooepidemicus-dissemination-and-inflammation-response-in-a-mouse-model
#6
Qiang Fu, Pingping Xiao, Yaosheng Chen, Zigong Wei, Xiaohong Liu
Streptococcus equi ssp. zooepidemicus (S. zooepidemicus) is responsible for peritonitis, septicemia, meningitis, arthritis and several other serious diseases in various species. Recent studies have demonstrated that CD44 is implicated in the process of host defense against pathogenic microorganisms. In the present study, the role of CD44 in the host response to S. zooepidemicus infection was investigated in a mouse model. Upon intraperitoneal infection with S. zooepidemicus, the expression of CD44 on the peritoneal exudate cells from wild-type (WT) mice was increased...
February 9, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110818/cystatin-c-peptidomimetic-derivative-with-antimicrobial-properties-as-a-potential-compound-against-wound-infections
#7
Michał Pikuła, Maria Smużyńska, Adam Krzystyniak, Maciej Zieliński, Paulina Langa, Milena Deptuła, Adriana Schumacher, Jakub Łata, Mirosława Cichorek, Anders Grubb, Piotr Trzonkowski, Franciszek Kasprzykowski, Sylwia Rodziewicz-Motowidło
A peptidomimetic called A20 (Cystapep 1) structurally based upon the N-terminal fragment of human cystatin C is known to have strong antibacterial properties. A20 is characterized by high activity against several bacterial strains often isolated from infected wounds, including methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). In this work we wanted to explore the therapeutic potential of A20 in the treatment of wound infections. We examined, cytotoxicity, allergenicity and impact of A20 on the proliferation and viability of human keratinocytes...
January 5, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088970/-tnfaip3-deletion-status-in-classical-hodgkin-lymphoma-and-its-relation-to-epstein-barr-virus
#8
Y F Shi, Z F Gao, C L Liu, M Li, D M Lin, L X Zhou, Y M Lai, X L Liu, X Huang
Objective: To investigate the TNFAIP3/A20 abnormalities and its association with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL). Methods: Formalin-fixed, paraffinembedded tissue blocks of 54 CHL patients were collected and subjected to the construction of tissue microarray (TMA) for further analyses. EBV status was evaluated by in situ hybridization (ISH) for EBER1/2 and immunohistochemistry (IHC) with anti-LMP-1 antibody. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and IHC were performed to determine the copy number alterations of TNFAIP3 and A20 protein expression respectively...
December 14, 2016: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039858/arabidopsis-stress-associated-protein-9-mediates-biotic-and-abiotic-stress-responsive-aba-signaling-via-the-proteasome-pathway
#9
Miyoung Kang, Seonghee Lee, Haggag Abdelmageed, Angelika Reichert, Hee-Kyung Lee, Mohamed Fokar, Kirankumar S Mysore, Randy D Allen
Arabidopsis thaliana Stress Associated Protein 9 (AtSAP9) is a member of the A20/AN1 zinc finger protein family known to play important roles in plant stress responses and in the mammalian immune response. Although SAPs of several plant species were shown to be involved in abiotic stress responses, the underlying molecular mechanisms are largely unknown, and little is known about the involvement of SAPs in plant disease responses. Expression of SAP9 in Arabidopsis is up-regulated in response to dehydration, cold, salinity and abscisic acid (ABA), as well as pathogen infection...
December 31, 2016: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004776/a20-curtails-primary-but-augments-secondary-cd8-t-cell-responses-in-intracellular-bacterial-infection
#10
Sissy Just, Gopala Nishanth, Jörn H Buchbinder, Xu Wang, Michael Naumann, Inna Lavrik, Dirk Schlüter
The ubiquitin-modifying enzyme A20, an important negative feedback regulator of NF-κB, impairs the expansion of tumor-specific CD8(+) T cells but augments the proliferation of autoimmune CD4(+) T cells. To study the T cell-specific function of A20 in bacterial infection, we infected T cell-specific A20 knockout (CD4-Cre A20(fl/fl)) and control mice with Listeria monocytogenes. A20-deficient pathogen-specific CD8(+) T cells expanded stronger resulting in improved pathogen control at day 7 p.i. Imaging flow cytometry revealed that A20-deficient Listeria-specific CD8(+) T cells underwent increased apoptosis and necroptosis resulting in reduced numbers of memory CD8(+) T cells...
December 22, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991595/pgrp-negatively-regulates-nod-mediated-cytokine-production-in-rainbow-trout-liver-cells
#11
Ju Hye Jang, Hyun Kim, Mi Jung Jang, Ju Hyun Cho
Pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs) initiate innate immunity via pathogen recognition. Recent studies suggest that signalling pathways downstream of different PRRs and their crosstalk effectively control immune responses. However, the cross-regulation among PRRs and its effects have yet to be fully described in fish. Here, we examined the crosstalk between OmPGRP-L1, a long form of PGRP in rainbow trout, and other PRRs during pathogenic infections. OmPGRP-L1 expression was increased in RTH-149 cells by iE-DAP and MDP, which are agonists of NOD1 and NOD2, respectively...
December 19, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849177/interplay-of-toll-like-receptor-9-myeloid-cells-and-deubiquitinase-a20-in-periodontal-inflammation
#12
Katie E Crump, Jennifer C Oakley, Xia Xia-Juan, Theandra C Madu, Swathi Devaki, Erin C Mooney, Sinem E Sahingur
Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9)-deficient (TLR9(-/-)) mice are resistant to periodontitis, a disease characterized by a dysbiotic microbiota and deregulated immune response and resulting in tooth loss and various systemic conditions. However, the mechanisms and biological pathways by which TLR9 instigates periodontal inflammation are yet to be identified. In a ligature-induced model of periodontitis, we demonstrate that TLR9(-/-) mice exhibited significantly less alveolar bone loss than their wild-type (WT) counterparts...
January 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832756/lactobacillus-acidophilus-alleviates-the-inflammatory-response-to-enterotoxigenic-escherichia-coli-k88-via-inhibition-of-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-p38-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-signaling-pathways-in-piglets
#13
Haihua Li, Lei Zhang, Longbin Chen, Qi Zhu, Wenjie Wang, Jiayun Qiao
BACKGROUND: A newly isolated L. acidophilus strain has been reported to have potential anti-inflammatory activities against lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge in piglet, while the details of the related inflammatory responses are limited. Here we aimed to analysis the ability of L. acidophilus to regulate inflammatory responses and to elucidate the mechanisms involved in its anti-inflammatory activity. RESULTS: The ETEC (enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli) K88-induced up-regulations of IL-1β, IL-8 and TNF-α were obviously inhibited by L...
November 10, 2016: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768527/epidemiological-and-etiological-characteristics-of-herpangina-and-hand-foot-mouth-diseases-in-jiangsu-china-2013-2014
#14
Xin Yao, Lian-Lian Bian, Wei-Wei Lu, Jing-Xin Li, Qun-Ying Mao, Yi-Ping Wang, Fan Gao, Xing Wu, Qiang Ye, Xiu-Ling Li, Feng-Cai Zhu, Zhenglun Liang
Herpangina (HA) and hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) are common infectious diseases caused by human enteroviruses and frequently occurr in young children. Previous published studies have mainly focused on HFMD, while the HA epidemiological and etiological characteristics in mainland China have not been described. From June, 2013 to March, 2014, HA and HFMD patients were monitored in participants from clinical trial of EV-A71 vaccine conducted during 2012-2013. A total of 95 HA patients and 161 HFMD patients were defined...
April 3, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634895/altered-expression-of-a20-gene-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-is-associated-with-the-progression-of-chronic-hepatitis-b-virus-infection
#15
Yu-Chen Fan, Yuan-Yuan Zhang, Yan-Yan Sun, Na Wang, Xiao-Yan Xiao, Kai Wang
A20 is an important negative immune regulator but its role in chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is still unknown. This present study was to investigate the potential role of A20 gene in the progression of chronic HBV infection. A total of 236 chronic HBV patients were included and consisted of 63 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), 87 liver cirrhosis (LC) and 86 chronic hepatitis B (CHB). The mRNA level of A20 gene in peripheral blood mononuclear cells was determined using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction...
October 18, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473222/microrna-125b-5p-suppresses-brucella-abortus-intracellular-survival-via-control-of-a20-expression
#16
Ning Liu, Lin Wang, Changjiang Sun, Li Yang, Wanchun Sun, Qisheng Peng
BACKGROUND: Brucella may establish chronic infection by regulating the expression of miRNAs. However, the role of miRNAs in modulating the intracellular growth of Brucella remains unclear. RESULTS: In this study, we show that Brucella. abortus infection leads to downregulation of miR-125b-5p in macrophages. We establish that miR-125b-5p targets A20, an inhibitor of the NF-kB activation. Additionally, expression of miR-125b-5p decreases A20 expression in B. abortus-infected macrophages and leads to NF-kB activation and increased production of TNFα...
2016: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27252527/mutants-at-the-2-fold-interface-of-adeno-associated-virus-type-2-aav2-structural-proteins-suggest-a-role-in-viral-transcription-for-aav-capsids
#17
Fikret Aydemir, Maxim Salganik, Justyna Resztak, Jasbir Singh, Antonette Bennett, Mavis Agbandje-McKenna, Nicholas Muzyczka
UNLABELLED: We previously reported that an amino acid substitution, Y704A, near the 2-fold interface of adeno-associated virus (AAV) was defective for transcription of the packaged genome (M. Salganik, F. Aydemir, H. J. Nam, R. McKenna, M. Agbandje-McKenna, and N. Muzyczka, J Virol 88:1071-1079, 2013, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.02093-13). In this report, we have characterized the defect in 6 additional capsid mutants located in a region ∼30 Å in diameter on the surface of the AAV type 2 (AAV2) capsid near the 2-fold interface...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27183919/hcv-core-protein-binds-to-gc1qr-to-induce-a20-expression-and-inhibit-cytokine-production-through-mapks-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathways
#18
Xiaotian Song, Zhiyan Yao, Jianling Yang, Zhengzheng Zhang, Yuqing Deng, Miao Li, Cuiqing Ma, Lijuan Yang, Xue Gao, Wenjian Li, Jianguo Liu, Lin Wei
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is characterized by a strong propensity toward chronicity. During chronic HCV infection, HCV core protein is implicated in deregulating cytokine expression that associates with chronic inflammation. A20 is known as a powerful suppressor in cytokine signaling, in this study, we explored the A20 expression in macrophages induced by HCV core protein and the involved signaling pathways. Results demonstrated that HCV core protein induced A20 expression in macrophages. Silencing A20 significantly enhanced the secretion of IL-6, IL-1β and TGF-β1, but not IL-8 and TNF...
June 7, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27096375/surgical-management-of-corneal-infections
#19
REVIEW
Sonal Tuli, Matthew Gray
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to discuss the options for, and recent developments in, the surgical treatment of corneal infections. Although the mainstay of treatment of corneal infections is topical antimicrobial agents, surgical intervention may be necessary in a number of cases. These include advanced disease at presentation, resistant infections, and progressive ulceration despite appropriate treatment. Prompt and appropriate treatment can make the difference between a good outcome and loss of vision or the eye...
July 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27076638/a-single-amino-acid-substitution-in-poliovirus-nonstructural-protein-2catpase-causes-conditional-defects-in-encapsidation-and-uncoating
#20
Emmanuel Asare, JoAnn Mugavero, Ping Jiang, Eckard Wimmer, Aniko V Paul
UNLABELLED: The specificity of encapsidation of C-cluster enteroviruses depends on an interaction between capsid proteins and nonstructural protein 2C(ATPase) In particular, residue N252 of poliovirus 2C(ATPase) interacts with VP3 of coxsackievirus A20, in the context of a chimeric virus. Poliovirus 2C(ATPase) has important roles both in RNA replication and encapsidation. In this study, we searched for additional sites in 2C(ATPase), near N252, that are required for encapsidation. Accordingly, segments adjacent to N252 were analyzed by combining triple and single alanine mutations to identify residues required for function...
July 15, 2016: Journal of Virology
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