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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125208/understanding-the-distressed-prostate-cancer-patient-role-of-personality
#1
Laura M Perry, Michael Hoerger, Jonathan Silberstein, Oliver Sartor, Paul Duberstein
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between personality and emotional distress in prostate cancer. Neuroticism and introversion were hypothesized to be associated with clinically significant symptoms of emotional distress, including depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation. METHODS: Men with a history of prostate cancer (n=212) completed an NIH-funded cross-sectional study using well-validated measures of personality, depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation...
November 10, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093580/mental-condition-and-specificity-of-mental-disorders-in-a-group-of-workers-from-southern-poland-a-research-report
#2
Bernadetta Izydorczyk
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work is to provide empirical evidence regarding types and increasing prevalence of mental disorders affecting Polish working population in the years 2014-2016. The research questions concerned the specific characteristics of the types of mental disorders and their prevalence as well as the differences between males and females. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Types of mental disorders were investigated using a clinical method, a structured interview, as well as medical record data gathered in the years 2014-2016 in one mental health treatment center...
October 30, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064798/anhedonia-at-experimental-models-of-chronic-stress-and-its-correction
#3
Ruslan V Lutsenko, Antonina H Sydorenko, Viktor M Bobyriov
INTRODUCTION: Different types of chronic stress lead to neurotic and depressive disorders. Key symptoms of these disorders are anhedonia and correction of which will indicate the efficacy of proposed therapy. The aim of the paper is to investigate the influence of amide 2-hydroxy-N-naftalen-1-il-2-(2-oxo-1,2-dihidro-indole-3-iliden) and ethyl ether 4-[2-hydroxy-2-(2-oxo-1,2-dihidro-indole-3-iliden)-acetamin]-butyric acid on anhedonia after the experimental neurosis and chronic moderate stress in rats...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027200/do-personality-traits-mediate-the-relationship-between-childhood-abuse-and-migraine-an-exploration-of-the-relationships-in-young-adults-using-the-add-health-dataset
#4
Monita Karmakar, Jon D Elhai, Aliaksandr A Amialchuk, Gretchen E Tietjen
BACKGROUND: Personality traits (especially neuroticism) and childhood maltreatment have been independently related to many negative health outcomes later in life, including migraine. Studies have also shown the association between childhood maltreatment and maladaptive personality traits. The mediating role of personality traits on the relationship between childhood maltreatment and depression, psychological distress, and alcohol dependence has been extensively studied. However, this type of mediation has not been studied in the case of the development of migraine...
October 13, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953820/study-on-the-prescribing-patterns-of-antipsychotic-medication-in-a-rural-england-community-mental-health-team
#5
Madhavan Seshadri, Ahmed Elsemary, Madhusudan Deepak Thalitaya, Lawrence Chikodzore, Priya Nagalingam
INTRODUCTION: Providing comprehensive services for about 400 patients in the South Herefordshire area, the community mental health team manages cases of varying severity and complexity, ranging from Schizophrenia, to neuroses and disorders of adult personality. Antipsychotic medication remains a mainstay of treatment and management for patients under the team case load; hence a need exists for a detailed look into the prescription patterns of such medications. AIM: The aim of this study was to look into the prescribing patterns of antipsychotics for a sample of 50 patients in the South Herefordshire community team during the year of 2016 (from Jan 2016 to Dec 2016), as well as investigate whether these antipsychotics were licensed to be used for the corresponding diagnoses of these patients...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884713/-mental-disorders-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-differentiated-approach-to-the-study-of-nozogeny
#6
O V Shushpanova
AIM: To study mental disorders in patients with breast cancer (BC) at different stages of the disease taking into account premorbid characteristics and psychosomatic correlations in their development. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 82 patients with histologically confirmed BC. The first group consisted of 30 patients (mean age 49.7±11.1 years) with the first established diagnosis of BC and mental disorders caused by somatic disease (ICD-10 F40-F48, stress-related neurotic and somatoform disorders)...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797004/-lanthanic-presentation-in-first-episode-psychosis-predicts-long-service-delay-the-challenge-of-detecting-masked-psychosis
#7
Erling Inge Kvig, Beate Brinchmann, Cathrine Moe, Steinar Nilssen, Tor Ketil Larsen, Knut Sørgaard
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Studies of pathways to care in first-episode psychosis have documented a substantial treatment delay occurring after patients enter mental health services. An initial presentation with neurotic rather than psychotic symptoms is common in first-episode psychosis. The term "lanthanic patient" has been used to refer to patients presenting with a reason for help-seeking that is unrelated to the underlying pathology. The aim of this study is to explore whether a lanthanic presentation is related to prolonged service delay...
2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713089/-peculiarities-of-clinical-psychopathological-phenomenology-of-chronic-neuropathies
#8
Olexandr O Belov, Tetiana P Rysynets, Elena F Shkondina, Iryna S Pototska
INTRODUCTION: The study of psycho-emotional reactions associated with chronic neuropathies, is an important factor of the integrated solution to the problem of treatment and prevention of disorders of the peripheral nervous system. The aim of the research is to study clinical psychopathological phenomenology and personality characteristics of patients suffering from chronic neuropathies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We examined 115 patients with chronic neuropathies in comparison with 60 healthy persons using a clinical conversation method, shortened multivariable personality questionnaire, The Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale, Spilberger's scale of trait and state anxiety and Symptom Check List-90-Revised questionnaire...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701495/neurodegenerative-and-psychiatric-diseases-among-families-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#9
Elisa Longinetti, Daniela Mariosa, Henrik Larsson, Weimin Ye, Caroline Ingre, Catarina Almqvist, Paul Lichtenstein, Fredrik Piehl, Fang Fang
OBJECTIVE: To estimate risks of neurodegenerative and psychiatric diseases among patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and their families. METHODS: We conducted a register-based nested case-control study during 1990-2013 in Sweden to assess whether patients with ALS had higher risks of other neurodegenerative and psychiatric diseases before diagnosis. We included 3,648 patients with ALS and 36,480 age-, sex-, and county of birth-matched population controls...
August 8, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655366/cardiovascular-fitness-in-late-adolescent-males-and-later-risk-of-serious-non-affective-mental-disorders-a-prospective-population-based-study
#10
J Nyberg, M Henriksson, M A I Åberg, A Rosengren, M Söderberg, N D Åberg, H G Kuhn, M Waern
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular fitness in late adolescence is associated with future risk of depression. Relationships with other mental disorders need elucidation. This study investigated whether fitness in late adolescence is associated with future risk of serious non-affective mental disorders. Further, we examined how having an affected brother might impact the relationship. METHOD: Prospective, population-based cohort study of 1 109 786 Swedish male conscripts with no history of mental illness, who underwent conscription examinations at age 18 between 1968 and 2005...
June 28, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648138/psychological-symptomatology-and-impaired-prepulse-inhibition-of-the-startle-reflex-are-associated-with-cannabis-induced-psychosis
#11
Isabel Morales-Muñoz, Isabel Martínez-Gras, Guillermo Ponce, Javier de la Cruz, David Lora, Roberto Rodríguez-Jiménez, Rosa Jurado-Barba, Francisco Navarrete, María Salud García-Gutiérrez, Jorge Manzanares, Gabriel Rubio
BACKGROUND: Cannabis-induced psychotic disorder (CIPD) is a psychiatric disorder induced by cannabis consumption. The psychological and psychophysiological features of this disorder are still unknown. We aimed to examine the psychological, personality and psychophysiological features of patients with CIPD. This study is an analytical extension of our previously published data, which previously found prepulse inhibition (PPI) deficits in the CIPD group used in this current paper. METHODS: We used a sample of 45 patients with CIPD...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560935/medical-and-psychosocial-determinants-of-risk-of-postpartum-depression-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Karolina Maliszewska, Mariola Bidzan, Małgorzata Świątkowska-Freund, Krzysztof Preis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the degree of risk of maternal postpartum depression during the second month of puerperium. METHOD: In total, 387 postnatal women filled out a questionnaire concerning their health and social status, as well as the following tests: the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), the Neo Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) Personality Inventory and the Berlin Social Support Scales...
May 31, 2017: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539538/exhausting-physicians-employed-in-hospitals-in-japan-assessed-by-a-health-questionnaire
#13
Shosuke Suzuki
OBJECTIVE: Japanese physicians employed and working in general hospitals have become busier since 2005, as they had to teach and guide the increased number of medical residents graduated from medical schools. Working hours and chronic fatigue of employed physicians were surveyed compared with independent physicians working in their own out-patient clinics and with usual employed men in Japan, and their mental health was assessed. METHODS: (1) 75 employed physicians in hospitals were surveyed of their working hours a week and compared with (2) 48 independent general practitioners (GP) who work in their own out-patient clinics...
August 18, 2017: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507594/pain-threshold-reflects-psychological-traits-in-patients-with-chronic-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Fumie Kato, Tetsuya Abe, Kenji Kanbara, Ikumi Ban, Tadashi Kiba, Sadanobu Kawashima, Yukie Saka, Yasuyuki Mizuno, Mikihiko Fukunaga
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain enhances sensory sensitivity and induces the biased development of psychological traits such as depression and pain catastrophizing, leading to the formation of heterogeneous conditions. Fluctuations in the sensory-related thresholds of non-injured sites (with normal peripheral tissue) in patients with chronic pain are thought to be related to central sensitization. The objectives of this study were to analyze the association between pain tolerance thresholds (PTTs) in non-injured sites and the psychological traits of patients with chronic pain and to evaluate the usefulness of PTT measures in assessments of pathological conditions related to chronic pain...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378969/estimation-of-cognitive-and-affective-disorders-occurrence-in-patients-with-lyme-borreliosis
#15
Barbara Oczko-Grzesik, Lucjan Kępa, Monika Puszcz-Matlińska, Robert Pudło, Anna Żurek, Teresa Badura-Głąbik
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Lyme borreliosis (LB) is a disease caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi. The most common symptoms are related to the skin, musculo-scelatal system, central and peripheral nervous system, rarely to the heart muscle and the eye, and may occur in the multistage course of the disease. LB may additionally be accompanied by psychopathological symptoms. The aim of the study is estimation of the cognitive and affective disorders occurence in patients with LB...
March 1, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364620/a-personality-based-latent-class-typology-of-outpatients-with-major-depressive-disorder-association-with-symptomatology-prescription-pattern-and-social-function
#16
Hiroaki Hori, Toshiya Teraishi, Anna Nagashima, Norie Koga, Miho Ota, Kotaro Hattori, Yoshiharu Kim, Teruhiko Higuchi, Hiroshi Kunugi
BACKGROUND: While major depressive disorder (MDD) is considered to be a heterogeneous disorder, the nature of the heterogeneity remains unclear. Studies have attempted to classify patients with MDD using latent variable techniques, yet the empirical approaches to symptom-based subtyping of MDD have not provided conclusive evidence. Here we aimed to identify homogeneous classes of MDD based on personality traits, using a latent profile analysis. METHODS: We studied 238 outpatients with DSM-IV MDD recruited from our specialized depression outpatient clinic and assessed their dimensional personality traits with the Temperament and Character Inventory...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331743/psychiatric-symptoms-and-psychosocial-problems-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#17
REVIEW
Filiz İzci, Ahmet Serkan İlgün, Ebru Fındıklı, Vahit Özmen
Cancer is a physical disease and also one of the leading clinical manifestations where psychosocial problems are prevalent. Psychosocial problems that these patients may have in the long run include anxiety, uneasiness, mourning, helplessness, fatigue, impairment of concentration, sleep disorders, mental and cognitive reservation, sexual dysfunction, infertility, psychological distress, and psychiatric disorders. Psychosocial problems have a nature of underpinning the emergence of psychological troubles. The prevalence of psychological disorders in patients with cancer range from 29% to 47%...
July 2016: Journal of Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327682/hopelessness-and-suicidal-ideation-among-patients-with-depression-and-neurotic-disorders-attending-a-tertiary-care-centre-at-eastern-nepal
#18
R Pokharel, S Lama, B R Adhikari
BACKGROUND: Hopelessness is thought to result from a negative appraisal system and interacts with, and worsens, appraisals of defeat and trap which in turn interact with suicide schema and lead to suicidal behaviour. This study was intended to assess hopelessness and suicidal ideation among patients with depression and neurotic disorders at tertiary care centre of eastern Nepal. METHODS: A cross sectional design included 70 respondents by purposive sampling technique...
September 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214680/exploring-the-role-of-testosterone-in-the-cerebellum-link-to-neuroticism-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood
#19
Dennis J L G Schutter, Rosa Meuwese, Marieke G N Bos, Eveline A Crone, Jiska S Peper
Previous research has found an association between a smaller cerebellar volume and higher levels of neuroticism. The steroid hormone testosterone reduces stress responses and the susceptibility to negative mood. Together with in vitro studies showing a positive effect of testosterone on cerebellar gray matter volumes, we set out to explore the role of testosterone in the relation between cerebellar gray matter and neuroticism. Structural magnetic resonance imaging scans were acquired, and indices of neurotic personality traits were assessed by administering the depression and anxiety scale of the revised NEO personality inventory and Gray's behavioural avoidance in one hundred and forty-nine healthy volunteers between 12 and 27 years of age...
January 29, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207753/analysis-of-diagnoses-extracted-from-electronic-health-records-in-a-large-mental-health-case-register
#20
Yevgeniya Kovalchuk, Robert Stewart, Matthew Broadbent, Tim J P Hubbard, Richard J B Dobson
The UK government has recently recognised the need to improve mental health services in the country. Electronic health records provide a rich source of patient data which could help policymakers to better understand needs of the service users. The main objective of this study is to unveil statistics of diagnoses recorded in the Case Register of the South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, one of the largest mental health providers in the UK and Europe serving a source population of over 1.2 million people residing in south London...
2017: PloS One
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