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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774319/impact-of-personality-traits-anxiety-depression-and-hopelessness-levels-on-quality-of-life-in-the-patients-with-breast-cancer
#1
Filiz İzci, Dauren Sarsanov, Zeynep İyigün Erdogan, Ahmet Serkan İlgün, Esra Çelebi, Gül Alço, Nazmiye Kocaman, Çetin Ordu, Alper Öztürk, Tomris Duymaz, Kezban Nur Pilavcı, Filiz Elbüken, Filiz Ağaçayak, Fatma Aktepe, Gizem Ünveren, Gözdem Özdem, Yeşim Eralp, Vahit Özmen
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the impacts of personality traits, anxiety, depression and hopelessness levels on quality of life in the patients with breast cancer. Materials and methods: The study was performed on 90 patients diagnosed with breast cancer and 90 healthy women. Sociodemographic and Clinical Data Collection Form designed by us, Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), Beck Anxiety Scale (BAS), Beck Depression Scale (BDS), Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI) and Quality of Life Scale-Short Form (SF-36) were administered to patients and to control group...
April 2018: European Journal of Breast Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718262/ketamine-effects-on-eeg-during-therapy-of-treatment-resistant-generalized-anxiety-and-social-anxiety
#2
Shabah Mohammad Shadli, Tame Kawe, Daniel Martin, Neil McNaughton, Shona Neehoff, Paul Glue
Background: Ketamine is swiftly effective in a range of neurotic disorders that are resistant to conventional antidepressant and anxiolytic drugs. The neural basis for its therapeutic action is unknown. Here we report the effects of ketamine on the EEG of patients with treatment-resistant generalized anxiety and social anxiety disorders. Methods: Twelve patients with refractory DSM-IV generalized anxiety disorder and/or social anxiety disorder provided EEG during 10 minutes of relaxation before and 2 hours after receiving double-blind drug administration...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642625/analysis-of-sociodemographic-psychological-and-genetic-factors-contributing-to-depressive-symptoms-in-pre-peri-and-postmenopausal-women
#3
Elżbieta Grochans, Małgorzata Szkup, Artur Kotwas, Jacek Kopeć, Beata Karakiewicz, Anna Jurczak
Depressive symptoms that are faced by women in the pre-, peri-, and postmenopausal periods are determined by a wide array of sociodemographic, psychological, and biological variables. The aim of our study was to identify factors that contribute to depressive problems at this stage of life. The study included 815 healthy Polish women aged 45-60 years. The survey part was conducted using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), the Neuroticism-Extroversion-Openness Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI), and a self-developed questionnaire...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595331/vegetarianism-depression-and-the-five-factor-model-of-personality
#4
Catherine A Forestell, John B Nezlek
This study investigated whether vegetarians and omnivores differ in their personality characteristics. We measured the five factor model of personality and depressive symptoms in vegetarians, who avoided meat and fish (n = 276); semi-vegetarians, who ate some meat and/or fish (n = 1191); and omnivores (n = 4955). Although vegetarians and semi-vegetarians were more open to new experiences, they were more neurotic and depressed than omnivores. Neither conscientiousness nor agreeableness varied as a function of dietary habits...
March 29, 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581226/cause-specific-mortality-in-swedish-males-diagnosed-with-non-psychotic-mental-disorders-in-late-adolescence-a-prospective-population-based-study
#5
Malin Henriksson, Jenny Nyberg, Linus Schiöler, Gunnel Hensing, Georg H Kuhn, Mia Söderberg, Kjell Torén, Jesper Löve, Margda Waern, Maria Åberg
BACKGROUND: While risk of premature death is most pronounced among persons with severe mental illness, also milder conditions are associated with increased all-cause mortality. We examined non-psychotic mental (NPM) disorders and specific causes of natural death in a cohort of late adolescent men followed for up to 46 years. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of Swedish males (n=1 784 626) who took part in structured conscription interviews 1968-2005. 74 525 men were diagnosed with NPM disorders at or prior to conscription...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544672/prevalence-and-correlates-of-low-grade-systemic-inflammation-in-adult-psychiatric-inpatients-an-electronic-health-record-based-study
#6
Emanuele F Osimo, Rudolf N Cardinal, Peter B Jones, Golam M Khandaker
Low-grade inflammation is a risk factor for depression, psychosis and other major psychiatric disorders. It is associated with poor response to antidepressant and antipsychotics, and could potentially be a treatment target. However, there is limited data on the prevalence of low-grade inflammation in major psychiatric disorders, and on the characteristics of patients who show evidence of inflammation. We examined the prevalence of low-grade inflammation and associated socio-demographic and clinical factors in acute psychiatric inpatients...
May 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461230/-clinical-and-psychological-correlations-in-fibromyalgia-patients
#7
G Suleymanova, R Grekhov, I Zborovskaya
The features of clinical symptoms, neurotic disorders and the level of subjective control were studied in patients with fibromyalgia. The analysis of relationship between the level of subjective control and neurotic symptoms (asthenia, depression, anxiety, hypochondria) depending the severity of main clinical manifestations of the disease was carried out. It was found that high intensity of fatigue, muscle pain, stiffness, insomnia, and an increase in the number of diagnostic tender points contribute to the formation of inverse correlation between the level of subjective control and neurotic disturbances...
January 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453686/antipsychotic-prescribing-and-safety-monitoring-practices-in-children-and-youth-a-population-based-study-in-alberta-canada
#8
Wenxin Chen, Monica Cepoiu-Martin, Antonia Stang, Diane Duncan, Chris Symonds, Lara Cooke, Tamara Pringsheim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Antipsychotic medication use has steadily increased in Canada, with an expansion in the profile of users and the diagnoses for which they are used. The use of antipsychotics is associated with a number of adverse effects for which routine monitoring is recommended. The objectives of this study were to determine the most common diagnoses associated with antipsychotic use in children in Alberta, Canada and the proportion who receive recommended laboratory tests for adverse effects...
May 2018: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432500/large-animals-as-potential-models-of-human-mental-and-behavioral-disorders
#9
REVIEW
Michał Danek, Janusz Danek, Aleksander Araszkiewicz
Many animal models in different species have been developed for mental and behavioral disorders. This review presents large animals (dog, ovine, swine, horse) as potential models of this disorders. The article was based on the researches that were published in the peer-reviewed journals. Aliterature research was carried out using the PubMed database. The above issues were discussed in the several problem groups in accordance with the WHO International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10thRevision (ICD-10), in particular regarding: organic, including symptomatic, disorders; mental disorders (Alzheimer's disease and Huntington's disease, pernicious anemia and hepatic encephalopathy, epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease); behavioral disorders due to psychoactive substance use (alcoholic intoxication, abuse of morphine); schizophrenia and other schizotypal disorders (puerperal psychosis); mood (affective) disorders (depressive episode); neurotic, stress-related and somatoform disorders (posttraumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder); behavioral syndromes associated with physiological disturbances and physical factors (anxiety disorders, anorexia nervosa, narcolepsy); mental retardation (Cohen syndrome, Down syndrome, Hunter syndrome); behavioral and emotional disorders (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder)...
December 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403129/psychological-dissection-of-patients-having-dissociative-disorder-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Lohit Somashekar Reddy, N M Patil, Raghavendra B Nayak, Sameeran S Chate, Saba Ansari
Background: Patients present with dissociative disorders as a decompensation to underlying stressful situation. It is clinically important to evaluate the presence, type, and temporal relation of the stressors resulting in dissociation. Further knowing the sociodemographic and psychological profile of the dissociative patient helps in better management. Materials and Methods: The study included 55 dissociative patients aged between 5 to 45 years. Psychiatric diagnosis was made using ICD-10 DCR...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393722/neurotic-personality-traits-and-risk-for-adverse-alcohol-outcomes-chained-mediation-through-emotional-disorder-symptoms-and-drinking-to-cope
#11
A Chinneck, K Thompson, K S Dobson, H Stuart, M Teehan, S H Stewart
BACKGROUND: Rates of alcohol abuse are high on Canadian postsecondary campuses. Individual trait differences have been linked to indices of alcohol use/misuse, including neurotic traits like anxiety sensitivity (AS) and hopelessness (HOP). We know little, though, about how these traits confer vulnerability. AS and HOP are related to anxiety and depression, respectively, and to drinking to cope with symptoms of those disorders. Neurotic personality may therefore increase risk of alcohol use/abuse via (1) emotional disorder symptoms and/or (2) coping drinking motives...
February 2, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335036/individuals-with-currently-untreated-mental-illness-causal-beliefs-and-readiness-to-seek-help
#12
S Stolzenburg, S Freitag, S Evans-Lacko, S Speerforck, S Schmidt, G Schomerus
AIMS: Many people with mental illness do not seek professional help. Beliefs about the causes of their current health problem seem relevant for initiating treatment. Our aim was to find out to what extent the perceived causes of current untreated mental health problems determine whether a person considers herself/himself as having a mental illness, perceives need for professional help and plans to seek help in the near future. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we examined 207 untreated persons with a depressive syndrome, all fulfilling criteria for a current mental illness as confirmed with a structured diagnostic interview (Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview)...
January 16, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327630/the-specter-of-the-primitive
#13
Gregory S Rizzolo
Traditional psychoanalytic theories of development hold that the adult neurotic can regress, or has already regressed, to the childhood arrests and/or fixations in which his pathology originated. More recent critiques have called this possibility into question. It is unlikely that anyone can roll back the additions and modifications of lifespan development in a full-fledged return to the needs, wishes, and anxieties of childhood. By regression, though, some analysts mean not a full-fledged return to an earlier developmental phase, but a non-phase-specific slip into primitive fantasies and defenses...
December 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289968/screening-for-maternal-postpartum-depression-and-associationswith-personality-traits-and-social-support-a-polish-follow-upstudy-4-weeks-and-3-months-after-delivery
#14
Karolina Maliszewska, Małgorzata Świątkowska-Freund, Mariola Bidzan, Preis Krzysztof
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the likelihood of postpartum depression and to explore maternal characteristics in terms of personality, social support and other medical and psychological data. METHODS: A sample of 548 patients was investigated 4 weeks and 3 months after delivery. They responded to questionnaires containing sociodemographic questions: the EPDS (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale), the PHQ-9 (Patient Health Questionnaire-9), theNEO-FFI (Personality Inventory), and the BSSS (Berlin Social Support Scales)...
October 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174040/the-impact-of-the-2008-economic-crisis-on-the-increasing-number-of-young-psychiatric-inpatients
#15
Alvaro Medel-Herrero, Manuel Gomez-Beneyto
BACKGROUND: Little is published about the impact of the 2008 economic crisis on mental health services in Spain. METHOD: An interrupted time series analysis was conducted to investigate a potential short-term association between the 2008 economic crisis and the number of psychiatric hospital admissions. The timing of the intervention (April 2008) was based on observed changes in Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Data on 1,152,880 psychiatric inpatients from the national Hospital Morbidity Survey, 69 months before and after the onset of the economic crisis (April 2008), were analyzed...
November 21, 2017: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125208/understanding-the-distressed-prostate-cancer-patient-role-of-personality
#16
Laura M Perry, Michael Hoerger, Jonathan Silberstein, Oliver Sartor, Paul Duberstein
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between personality and emotional distress in prostate cancer. Neuroticism and introversion were hypothesized to be associated with clinically significant symptoms of emotional distress, including depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation. METHODS: Men with a history of prostate cancer (n = 212) completed an NIH-funded cross-sectional study using well-validated measures of personality, depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation...
March 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093580/mental-condition-and-specificity-of-mental-disorders-in-a-group-of-workers-from-southern-poland-a-research-report
#17
Bernadetta Izydorczyk
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work is to provide empirical evidence regarding types and increasing prevalence of mental disorders affecting Polish working population in the years 2014-2016. The research questions concerned the specific characteristics of the types of mental disorders and their prevalence as well as the differences between males and females. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Types of mental disorders were investigated using a clinical method, a structured interview, as well as medical record data gathered in the years 2014-2016 in one mental health treatment center...
January 1, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064798/anhedonia-at-experimental-models-of-chronic-stress-and-its-correction
#18
Ruslan V Lutsenko, Antonina H Sydorenko, Viktor M Bobyriov
INTRODUCTION: Different types of chronic stress lead to neurotic and depressive disorders. Key symptoms of these disorders are anhedonia and correction of which will indicate the efficacy of proposed therapy. The aim of the paper is to investigate the influence of amide 2-hydroxy-N-naftalen-1-il-2-(2-oxo-1,2-dihidro-indole-3-iliden) and ethyl ether 4-[2-hydroxy-2-(2-oxo-1,2-dihidro-indole-3-iliden)-acetamin]-butyric acid on anhedonia after the experimental neurosis and chronic moderate stress in rats...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027200/do-personality-traits-mediate-the-relationship-between-childhood-abuse-and-migraine-an-exploration-of-the-relationships-in-young-adults-using-the-add-health-dataset
#19
Monita Karmakar, Jon D Elhai, Aliaksandr A Amialchuk, Gretchen E Tietjen
BACKGROUND: Personality traits (especially neuroticism) and childhood maltreatment have been independently related to many negative health outcomes later in life, including migraine. Studies have also shown the association between childhood maltreatment and maladaptive personality traits. The mediating role of personality traits on the relationship between childhood maltreatment and depression, psychological distress, and alcohol dependence has been extensively studied. However, this type of mediation has not been studied in the case of the development of migraine...
February 2018: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953820/study-on-the-prescribing-patterns-of-antipsychotic-medication-in-a-rural-england-community-mental-health-team
#20
Madhavan Seshadri, Ahmed Elsemary, Madhusudan Deepak Thalitaya, Lawrence Chikodzore, Priya Nagalingam
INTRODUCTION: Providing comprehensive services for about 400 patients in the South Herefordshire area, the community mental health team manages cases of varying severity and complexity, ranging from Schizophrenia, to neuroses and disorders of adult personality. Antipsychotic medication remains a mainstay of treatment and management for patients under the team case load; hence a need exists for a detailed look into the prescription patterns of such medications. AIM: The aim of this study was to look into the prescribing patterns of antipsychotics for a sample of 50 patients in the South Herefordshire community team during the year of 2016 (from Jan 2016 to Dec 2016), as well as investigate whether these antipsychotics were licensed to be used for the corresponding diagnoses of these patients...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
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