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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560935/medical-and-psychosocial-determinants-of-risk-of-postpartum-depression-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Karolina Maliszewska, Mariola Bidzan, Małgorzata Świątkowska-Freund, Krzysztof Preis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the degree of risk of maternal postpartum depression during the second month of puerperium. METHOD: In total, 387 postnatal women filled out a questionnaire concerning their health and social status, as well as the following tests: the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), the Neo Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) Personality Inventory and the Berlin Social Support Scales...
May 31, 2017: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539538/exhausting-physicians-employed-in-hospitals-in-japan-assessed-by-a-health-questionnaire
#2
Shosuke Suzuki
OBJECTIVE: Japanese physicians employed and working in general hospitals have become busier since 2005, as they had to teach and guide the increased number of medical residents graduated from medical schools. Working hours and chronic fatigue of employed physicians were surveyed compared with independent physicians working in their own out-patient clinics and with usual employed men in Japan, and their mental health was assessed. METHODS: (1) 75 employed physicians in hospitals were surveyed of their working hours a week and compared with (2) 48 independent general practitioners (GP) who work in their own out-patient clinics...
May 25, 2017: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507594/pain-threshold-reflects-psychological-traits-in-patients-with-chronic-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Fumie Kato, Tetsuya Abe, Kenji Kanbara, Ikumi Ban, Tadashi Kiba, Sadanobu Kawashima, Yukie Saka, Yasuyuki Mizuno, Mikihiko Fukunaga
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain enhances sensory sensitivity and induces the biased development of psychological traits such as depression and pain catastrophizing, leading to the formation of heterogeneous conditions. Fluctuations in the sensory-related thresholds of non-injured sites (with normal peripheral tissue) in patients with chronic pain are thought to be related to central sensitization. The objectives of this study were to analyze the association between pain tolerance thresholds (PTTs) in non-injured sites and the psychological traits of patients with chronic pain and to evaluate the usefulness of PTT measures in assessments of pathological conditions related to chronic pain...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378969/estimation-of-cognitive-and-affective-disorders-occurrence-in-patients-with-lyme-borreliosis
#4
Barbara Oczko-Grzesik, Lucjan Kępa, Monika Puszcz-Matlińska, Robert Pudło, Anna Żurek, Teresa Badura-Głąbik
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Lyme borreliosis (LB) is a disease caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi. The most common symptoms are related to the skin, musculo-scelatal system, central and peripheral nervous system, rarely to the heart muscle and the eye, and may occur in the multistage course of the disease. LB may additionally be accompanied by psychopathological symptoms. The aim of the study is estimation of the cognitive and affective disorders occurence in patients with LB...
March 1, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364620/a-personality-based-latent-class-typology-of-outpatients-with-major-depressive-disorder-association-with-symptomatology-prescription-pattern-and-social-function
#5
Hiroaki Hori, Toshiya Teraishi, Anna Nagashima, Norie Koga, Miho Ota, Kotaro Hattori, Yoshiharu Kim, Teruhiko Higuchi, Hiroshi Kunugi
BACKGROUND: While major depressive disorder (MDD) is considered to be a heterogeneous disorder, the nature of the heterogeneity remains unclear. Studies have attempted to classify patients with MDD using latent variable techniques, yet the empirical approaches to symptom-based subtyping of MDD have not provided conclusive evidence. Here we aimed to identify homogeneous classes of MDD based on personality traits, using a latent profile analysis. METHODS: We studied 238 outpatients with DSM-IV MDD recruited from our specialized depression outpatient clinic and assessed their dimensional personality traits with the Temperament and Character Inventory...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331743/psychiatric-symptoms-and-psychosocial-problems-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#6
REVIEW
Filiz İzci, Ahmet Serkan İlgün, Ebru Fındıklı, Vahit Özmen
Cancer is a physical disease and also one of the leading clinical manifestations where psychosocial problems are prevalent. Psychosocial problems that these patients may have in the long run include anxiety, uneasiness, mourning, helplessness, fatigue, impairment of concentration, sleep disorders, mental and cognitive reservation, sexual dysfunction, infertility, psychological distress, and psychiatric disorders. Psychosocial problems have a nature of underpinning the emergence of psychological troubles. The prevalence of psychological disorders in patients with cancer range from 29% to 47%...
July 2016: Journal of Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327682/hopelessness-and-suicidal-ideation-among-patients-with-depression-and-neurotic-disorders-attending-a-tertiary-care-centre-at-eastern-nepal
#7
R Pokharel, S Lama, B R Adhikari
BACKGROUND: Hopelessness is thought to result from a negative appraisal system and interacts with, and worsens, appraisals of defeat and trap which in turn interact with suicide schema and lead to suicidal behaviour. This study was intended to assess hopelessness and suicidal ideation among patients with depression and neurotic disorders at tertiary care centre of eastern Nepal. METHODS: A cross sectional design included 70 respondents by purposive sampling technique...
September 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214680/exploring-the-role-of-testosterone-in-the-cerebellum-link-to-neuroticism-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood
#8
Dennis J L G Schutter, Rosa Meuwese, Marieke G N Bos, Eveline A Crone, Jiska S Peper
Previous research has found an association between a smaller cerebellar volume and higher levels of neuroticism. The steroid hormone testosterone reduces stress responses and the susceptibility to negative mood. Together with in vitro studies showing a positive effect of testosterone on cerebellar gray matter volumes, we set out to explore the role of testosterone in the relation between cerebellar gray matter and neuroticism. Structural magnetic resonance imaging scans were acquired, and indices of neurotic personality traits were assessed by administering the depression and anxiety scale of the revised NEO personality inventory and Gray's behavioural avoidance in one hundred and forty-nine healthy volunteers between 12 and 27 years of age...
January 29, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207753/analysis-of-diagnoses-extracted-from-electronic-health-records-in-a-large-mental-health-case-register
#9
Yevgeniya Kovalchuk, Robert Stewart, Matthew Broadbent, Tim J P Hubbard, Richard J B Dobson
The UK government has recently recognised the need to improve mental health services in the country. Electronic health records provide a rich source of patient data which could help policymakers to better understand needs of the service users. The main objective of this study is to unveil statistics of diagnoses recorded in the Case Register of the South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, one of the largest mental health providers in the UK and Europe serving a source population of over 1.2 million people residing in south London...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166415/adverse-metabolic-and-mental-health-outcomes-associated-with-shiftwork-in-a-population-based-study-of-277-168-workers-in-uk-biobank
#10
Cathy A Wyse, Carlos A Celis Morales, Nicolas Graham, Yu Fan, Joey Ward, Anne M Curtis, Daniel Mackay, Daniel J Smith, Mark E S Bailey, Stephany Biello, Jason M R Gill, Jill P Pell
BACKGROUND: Reported associations between shiftwork and health have largely been based on occupation-specific, or single sex studies that might not be generalizable to the entire working population. The objective of this study was to investigate whether shiftwork was independently associated with obesity, diabetes, poor sleep, and well-being in a large, UK general population cohort. METHODS: Participants of the UK Biobank study who were employed at the time of assessment were included...
August 2017: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078920/do-predictors-of-return-to-work-and-recurrence-of-work-disability-due-to-mental-disorders-vary-by-age-a-cohort-study
#11
Pauliina Mattila-Holappa, Jenni Ervasti, Matti Joensuu, Kirsi Ahola, Jaana Pentti, Tuula Oksanen, Jussi Vahtera, Mika KivimÄki, Marianna Virtanen
BACKGROUND: The extent to which predictors of return to work (RTW) and recurrence of work disability episodes vary by age group is not well understood. METHODS: We examined the associations of sociodemographic and clinical factors with RTW and recurrence after mental-disorder-related work disability episodes in a cohort of 10,496 Finnish public sector employees. Disability records were derived from national disability registers between 2005 and 2011. Effect modification by age was examined in age groups of 21-34, 35-50 and >50 years...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931895/self-stigma-in-depressive-patients-association-of-cognitive-schemata-depression-and-self-esteem
#12
Sakie Shimotsu, Naoshi Horikawa
Many empirical studies have indicated that various psychosocial and psychiatric variables are correlated with levels of self-stigma. Treatment methods for reducing self-stigma have been investigated in recent years, especially those examining the relationship between negative cognitive schemata and self-stigma. This study examined the relationship of self-stigma with cognitive schemata, depression, and self-esteem in depressive patients. Furthermore, structural equation modeling (SEM) was conducted to evaluate three hypothetical models...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799774/impact-of-dissociation-on-treatment-of-depressive-and-anxiety-spectrum-disorders-with-and-without-personality-disorders
#13
Jan Prasko, Ales Grambal, Petra Kasalova, Dana Kamardova, Marie Ociskova, Michaela Holubova, Kristyna Vrbova, Zuzana Sigmundova, Klara Latalova, Milos Slepecky, Marta Zatkova
OBJECTIVE: The central goal of the study was to analyze the impact of dissociation on the treatment effectiveness in patients with anxiety/neurotic spectrum and depressive disorders with or without comorbid personality disorders. METHODS: The research sample consisted of inpatients who were hospitalized in the psychiatric department and met the ICD-10 criteria for diagnosis of depressive disorder, panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, mixed anxiety-depressive disorder, agoraphobia, social phobia, obsessive compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, adjustment disorders, dissociative/conversion disorders, somatoform disorder, or other anxiety/neurotic spectrum disorder...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765361/aralia-elata-var-mandshurica-rupr-maxim-j-wen-an-overview-of-pharmacological-studies
#14
REVIEW
Alexander N Shikov, Olga N Pozharitskaya, Valery G Makarov
PURPOSE: Aralia elata var. mandshurica (Rupr. & Maxim.) J.Wen syn. A. mandshurica Rupr. & Maxim is evaluated for its medicinal application. The aim of this study is to analyze pharmacological studies on A. elata var. mandshurica published until December 2015. METHODS: The information regarding the chemistry, safety, effectiveness, and pharmacological and clinical effects of A. elata was systematically collected from the scientific literature through library catalogs; online services such as E-library...
November 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748614/using-personality-traits-to-construct-linear-growth-models-of-mental-health-in-family-members-of-individuals-with-severe-brain-injury
#15
Michael Trujillo, Paul B Perrin, Karoline Doser, Anne Norup
Objective: No studies have examined the impact of personality traits on mental health among caregivers of individuals with severe brain injury. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to construct linear growth models to examine whether the personality traits of family members of individuals with severe brain injury could predict the trajectories of their own mental health-related quality of life (HRQoL), anxiety, and depression beginning in a neurointensive care unit through 1 year after injury. Method: Danish family members of individuals with severe brain injury (n = 52) completed the Short Form-36 assessing mental HRQoL (vitality, social functioning, role limitations-emotional, mental health), anxiety, and depression across 5 time points during the 1st year after injury...
October 17, 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739392/mechanisms-of-comorbidity-continuity-and-discontinuity-in-anxiety-related-disorders
#16
Neil McNaughton, Philip J Corr
We discuss comorbidity, continuity, and discontinuity of anxiety-related disorders from the perspective of a two-dimensional neuropsychology of fear (threat avoidance) and anxiety (threat approach). Pharmacological dissection of the "neurotic" disorders justifies both a categorical division between fear and anxiety and a subdivision of each mapped to a hierarchy of neural modules that process different immediacies of threat. It is critical that each module can generate normal responses, symptoms of another syndrome, or syndromal responses...
November 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723925/-what-do-interpreters-cost-a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-costs-for-interpreters-in-treatment-of-refugees-in-a-psychiatric-outpatient-clinic-in-berlin
#17
Stefanie Schreiter, Johanna Winkler, Joachim Bretz, Meryam Schouler-Ocak
Clinical diagnostics of mental disorders especially among refugees and asylum seekers come with unique difficulties: language barriers, different forms of expression and concepts of the understanding of mental illness as well as a different cultural background. Therefore professional interpreters are needed but associated with a higher effort related to costs and time. We conducted a retrospective analysis of costs, which incurred by the use of professional interpreters in our outpatient clinic in Berlin, Germany, in the first quarter 2016 for the treatment of refugees and asylum seekers...
September 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500880/-a-comparative-analysis-of-multiple-linear-models-of-medical-service-satisfaction-among-inpatients-with-borderline-disorders-at-first-time-admission-and-rehospitalization
#18
Ya V Malygin, B D Tsygankov
AIM: To find out the factors of satisfaction with psychiatric help in inpatients with neurotic and depressive disorders depending on the moment of satisfaction evaluation and patients' treatment experience. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample included 266 first-time admission inpatients (satisfaction was evaluated at the moment of discharge) and 134 rehospitalized inpatients (satisfaction with previous treatment was evaluated at the moment of discharge; satisfaction with current treatment was evaluated at the moment of rehospitalization)...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27408037/reduction-in-drug-prescription-using-biofeedback-relaxation-in-neurotic-and-psychosomatic-disorders
#19
D Saldanha, S Chaudhury, A A Pawar, Vssr Ryali, K Srivastava
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of Indian studies on effectiveness of biofeedback in reducing drug prescription in neurotic and stress related disorders. METHODS: Study sample of generalized anxiety disorders (GAD), mixed anxiety depression, obssessive compulsive disorder (OCD), dissociative disorder and headache were assigned to three groups of 28, 23 and 27 patients respectively. Group 1 were subjected to drug therapy, Group 2 to biofeedback and Group 3 to drugs and biofeedback for 12 weeks...
October 2007: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391984/-m%C3%A3-ller-hegemann-s-classification-of-depressions-of-1964-as-a-proposal-for-a-conceptualization-of-affective-disorders-a-critical-review
#20
R Schmidt, H Steinberg
Against the background of current discussions on the classification of psychiatric disorders, this study analyses and discusses the East-German psychiatrist Dietfried Müller-Hegemann's concept of a clinical classification of depressions of 1964.In his paper, Müller-Hegemann differentiated between two main forms of depression, namely the "vitally tinged depression" (= melancholy), found mainly in the depressive phases of the manic-depressive disorder, and the "depressive disgruntlement" (= dysthymia) seen in "reactive and neurotic depression", "involutional depression", and in the depressive states in psychopathic personalities...
June 2016: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
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