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Neurotic depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327682/hopelessness-and-suicidal-ideation-among-patients-with-depression-and-neurotic-disorders-attending-a-tertiary-care-centre-at-eastern-nepal
#1
R Pokharel, S Lama, B R Adhikari
BACKGROUND: Hopelessness is thought to result from a negative appraisal system and interacts with, and worsens, appraisals of defeat and trap which in turn interact with suicide schema and lead to suicidal behaviour. This study was intended to assess hopelessness and suicidal ideation among patients with depression and neurotic disorders at tertiary care centre of eastern Nepal. METHODS: A cross sectional design included 70 respondents by purposive sampling technique...
September 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214680/exploring-the-role-of-testosterone-in-the-cerebellum-link-to-neuroticism-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood
#2
Dennis J L G Schutter, Rosa Meuwese, Marieke G N Bos, Eveline A Crone, Jiska S Peper
Previous research has found an association between a smaller cerebellar volume and higher levels of neuroticism. The steroid hormone testosterone reduces stress responses and the susceptibility to negative mood. Together with in vitro studies showing a positive effect of testosterone on cerebellar gray matter volumes, we set out to explore the role of testosterone in the relation between cerebellar gray matter and neuroticism. Structural magnetic resonance imaging scans were acquired, and indices of neurotic personality traits were assessed by administering the depression and anxiety scale of the revised NEO personality inventory and Gray's behavioural avoidance in one hundred and forty-nine healthy volunteers between 12 and 27 years of age...
January 29, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207753/analysis-of-diagnoses-extracted-from-electronic-health-records-in-a-large-mental-health-case-register
#3
Yevgeniya Kovalchuk, Robert Stewart, Matthew Broadbent, Tim J P Hubbard, Richard J B Dobson
The UK government has recently recognised the need to improve mental health services in the country. Electronic health records provide a rich source of patient data which could help policymakers to better understand needs of the service users. The main objective of this study is to unveil statistics of diagnoses recorded in the Case Register of the South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, one of the largest mental health providers in the UK and Europe serving a source population of over 1.2 million people residing in south London...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166415/adverse-metabolic-and-mental-health-outcomes-associated-with-shiftwork-in-a-population-based-study-of-277-168-workers-in-uk-biobank
#4
Cathy A Wyse, Carlos A Celis Morales, Nicolas Graham, Yu Fan, Joey Ward, Anne M Curtis, Daniel Mackay, Daniel J Smith, Mark E S Bailey, Stephany Biello, Jason M R Gill, J P Pell
BACKGROUND: Reported associations between shiftwork and health have largely been based on occupation-specific, or single sex studies that might not be generalizable to the entire working population. The objective of this study was to investigate whether shiftwork was independently associated with obesity, diabetes, poor sleep and well-being in a large, UK general population cohort. METHODS: Participants of the UK Biobank study who were employed at the time of assessment were included...
February 6, 2017: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078920/do-predictors-of-return-to-work-and-recurrence-of-work-disability-due-to-mental-disorders-vary-by-age-a-cohort-study
#5
Pauliina Mattila-Holappa, Jenni Ervasti, Matti Joensuu, Kirsi Ahola, Jaana Pentti, Tuula Oksanen, Jussi Vahtera, Mika KivimÄki, Marianna Virtanen
BACKGROUND: The extent to which predictors of return to work (RTW) and recurrence of work disability episodes vary by age group is not well understood. METHODS: We examined the associations of sociodemographic and clinical factors with RTW and recurrence after mental-disorder-related work disability episodes in a cohort of 10,496 Finnish public sector employees. Disability records were derived from national disability registers between 2005 and 2011. Effect modification by age was examined in age groups of 21-34, 35-50 and >50 years...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931895/self-stigma-in-depressive-patients-association-of-cognitive-schemata-depression-and-self-esteem
#6
Sakie Shimotsu, Naoshi Horikawa
Many empirical studies have indicated that various psychosocial and psychiatric variables are correlated with levels of self-stigma. Treatment methods for reducing self-stigma have been investigated in recent years, especially those examining the relationship between negative cognitive schemata and self-stigma. This study examined the relationship of self-stigma with cognitive schemata, depression, and self-esteem in depressive patients. Furthermore, structural equation modeling (SEM) was conducted to evaluate three hypothetical models...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799774/impact-of-dissociation-on-treatment-of-depressive-and-anxiety-spectrum-disorders-with-and-without-personality-disorders
#7
Jan Prasko, Ales Grambal, Petra Kasalova, Dana Kamardova, Marie Ociskova, Michaela Holubova, Kristyna Vrbova, Zuzana Sigmundova, Klara Latalova, Milos Slepecky, Marta Zatkova
OBJECTIVE: The central goal of the study was to analyze the impact of dissociation on the treatment effectiveness in patients with anxiety/neurotic spectrum and depressive disorders with or without comorbid personality disorders. METHODS: The research sample consisted of inpatients who were hospitalized in the psychiatric department and met the ICD-10 criteria for diagnosis of depressive disorder, panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, mixed anxiety-depressive disorder, agoraphobia, social phobia, obsessive compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, adjustment disorders, dissociative/conversion disorders, somatoform disorder, or other anxiety/neurotic spectrum disorder...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765361/aralia-elata-var-mandshurica-rupr-maxim-j-wen-an-overview-of-pharmacological-studies
#8
REVIEW
Alexander N Shikov, Olga N Pozharitskaya, Valery G Makarov
PURPOSE: Aralia elata var. mandshurica (Rupr. & Maxim.) J.Wen syn. A. mandshurica Rupr. & Maxim is evaluated for its medicinal application. The aim of this study is to analyze pharmacological studies on A. elata var. mandshurica published until December 2015. METHODS: The information regarding the chemistry, safety, effectiveness, and pharmacological and clinical effects of A. elata was systematically collected from the scientific literature through library catalogs; online services such as E-library...
November 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748614/using-personality-traits-to-construct-linear-growth-models-of-mental-health-in-family-members-of-individuals-with-severe-brain-injury
#9
Michael Trujillo, Paul B Perrin, Karoline Doser, Anne Norup
Objective: No studies have examined the impact of personality traits on mental health among caregivers of individuals with severe brain injury. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to construct linear growth models to examine whether the personality traits of family members of individuals with severe brain injury could predict the trajectories of their own mental health-related quality of life (HRQoL), anxiety, and depression beginning in a neurointensive care unit through 1 year after injury. Method: Danish family members of individuals with severe brain injury (n = 52) completed the Short Form-36 assessing mental HRQoL (vitality, social functioning, role limitations-emotional, mental health), anxiety, and depression across 5 time points during the 1st year after injury...
October 17, 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739392/mechanisms-of-comorbidity-continuity-and-discontinuity-in-anxiety-related-disorders
#10
Neil McNaughton, Philip J Corr
We discuss comorbidity, continuity, and discontinuity of anxiety-related disorders from the perspective of a two-dimensional neuropsychology of fear (threat avoidance) and anxiety (threat approach). Pharmacological dissection of the "neurotic" disorders justifies both a categorical division between fear and anxiety and a subdivision of each mapped to a hierarchy of neural modules that process different immediacies of threat. It is critical that each module can generate normal responses, symptoms of another syndrome, or syndromal responses...
November 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723925/-what-do-interpreters-cost-a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-costs-for-interpreters-in-treatment-of-refugees-in-a-psychiatric-outpatient-clinic-in-berlin
#11
Stefanie Schreiter, Johanna Winkler, Joachim Bretz, Meryam Schouler-Ocak
Clinical diagnostics of mental disorders especially among refugees and asylum seekers come with unique difficulties: language barriers, different forms of expression and concepts of the understanding of mental illness as well as a different cultural background. Therefore professional interpreters are needed but associated with a higher effort related to costs and time. We conducted a retrospective analysis of costs, which incurred by the use of professional interpreters in our outpatient clinic in Berlin, Germany, in the first quarter 2016 for the treatment of refugees and asylum seekers...
September 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500880/-a-comparative-analysis-of-multiple-linear-models-of-medical-service-satisfaction-among-inpatients-with-borderline-disorders-at-first-time-admission-and-rehospitalization
#12
Ya V Malygin, B D Tsygankov
AIM: To find out the factors of satisfaction with psychiatric help in inpatients with neurotic and depressive disorders depending on the moment of satisfaction evaluation and patients' treatment experience. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample included 266 first-time admission inpatients (satisfaction was evaluated at the moment of discharge) and 134 rehospitalized inpatients (satisfaction with previous treatment was evaluated at the moment of discharge; satisfaction with current treatment was evaluated at the moment of rehospitalization)...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27408037/reduction-in-drug-prescription-using-biofeedback-relaxation-in-neurotic-and-psychosomatic-disorders
#13
D Saldanha, S Chaudhury, A A Pawar, Vssr Ryali, K Srivastava
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of Indian studies on effectiveness of biofeedback in reducing drug prescription in neurotic and stress related disorders. METHODS: Study sample of generalized anxiety disorders (GAD), mixed anxiety depression, obssessive compulsive disorder (OCD), dissociative disorder and headache were assigned to three groups of 28, 23 and 27 patients respectively. Group 1 were subjected to drug therapy, Group 2 to biofeedback and Group 3 to drugs and biofeedback for 12 weeks...
October 2007: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391984/-m%C3%A3-ller-hegemann-s-classification-of-depressions-of-1964-as-a-proposal-for-a-conceptualization-of-affective-disorders-a-critical-review
#14
R Schmidt, H Steinberg
Against the background of current discussions on the classification of psychiatric disorders, this study analyses and discusses the East-German psychiatrist Dietfried Müller-Hegemann's concept of a clinical classification of depressions of 1964.In his paper, Müller-Hegemann differentiated between two main forms of depression, namely the "vitally tinged depression" (= melancholy), found mainly in the depressive phases of the manic-depressive disorder, and the "depressive disgruntlement" (= dysthymia) seen in "reactive and neurotic depression", "involutional depression", and in the depressive states in psychopathic personalities...
June 2016: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27248648/psychological-masochism-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-on-conflicts-defenses-and-motives
#15
Vera Békés, J Christopher Perry, Brian M Robertson
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to conduct a systematic review of the literature on psychological masochism to identify hypotheses for examination in clinical studies. METHOD: We identified defenses, conflicts, and motives using standardized measures in 23 psychoanalytic papers. RESULTS: Three primary and three secondary subtypes of masochism emerged in the literature. Overall Gratification Inhibition (subtype I.1) was the "healthiest" form, associated with higher developmental level motives and neurotic defenses...
June 1, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27142676/effectiveness-of-the-blended-care-self-management-program-partner-in-balance-for-early-stage-dementia-caregivers-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Lizzy M M Boots, Marjolein E de Vugt, Gertrudis I J M Kempen, Frans R J Verhey
BACKGROUND: The benefits of e-health support for dementia caregivers are becoming increasingly recognized. Reaching early-stage dementia caregivers could prevent high levels of burden and psychological problems in them in the later stages of dementia. An iterative step-wise approach was employed to develop the blended care self-management program "Partner in Balance" for early-stage dementia caregivers. The design of a study evaluating the process characteristics and effects is presented...
May 4, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141038/assessing-temporal-emotion-dynamics-using-networks
#17
Laura F Bringmann, Madeline L Pe, Nathalie Vissers, Eva Ceulemans, Denny Borsboom, Wolf Vanpaemel, Francis Tuerlinckx, Peter Kuppens
Multivariate psychological processes have recently been studied, visualized, and analyzed as networks. In this network approach, psychological constructs are represented as complex systems of interacting components. In addition to insightful visualization of dynamics, a network perspective leads to a new way of thinking about the nature of psychological phenomena by offering new tools for studying dynamical processes in psychology. In this article, we explain the rationale of the network approach, the associated methods and visualization, and illustrate it using an empirical example focusing on the relation between the daily fluctuations of emotions and neuroticism...
May 2, 2016: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27086332/changes-in-personality-functioning-as-a-result-of-group-psychotherapy-with-elements-of-individual-psychotherapy-in-persons-with-neurotic-and-personality-disorders-mmpi-2
#18
Katarzyna Cyranka, Krzysztof Rutkowski, Michał Mielimąka, Jerzy A Sobański, Bogna Smiatek-Mazgaj, Katarzyna Klasa, Edyta Dembińska, Łukasz Müldner-Nieckowski, Paweł Rodziński
AIM: The study of group psychotherapy influence on the personality functioning of patients on treatment for neurotic disorders and selected personality disorders (F4-F6 under ICD-10). METHODS: The study concerned 82 patients (61 women and 21 men) who underwent intensive short-term group psychotherapy in a day ward. A comprehensive assessment of the patients' personality functioning was carried out at the outset and the end of the psychotherapy utilising the MMPI-2 questionnaire...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27059809/personality-and-reported-quality-of-life-in-parkinson-s-disease
#19
Gregory M Pontone, Zoltan Mari, Kate Perepezko, Howard D Weiss, Susan S Bassett
OBJECTIVE: Personality affects an individual's ability to cope with the burden of chronic disease. However, the impact of personality on quality of life (QoL) in Parkinson's disease (PD) is not well characterized. The goal of this study is to determine the effect of personality on QoL in PD. METHODS: The study included 92 patients with idiopathic PD from Baltimore-Washington area movement disorder neurology clinics. QoL was assessed using the 37-item Parkinson's disease Quality of Life Questionnaire (PDQL) total score, and the Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness Inventory was used to determine personality traits...
March 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27028200/prevalence-and-associated-features-of-depression-in-women-with-rett-syndrome
#20
A Hryniewiecka-Jaworska, E Foden, M Kerr, D Felce, A Clarke
BACKGROUND: Little is known about depression among women with Rett syndrome (RTT) despite recent advances in knowledge about RTT. In this study, we aimed to establish the prevalence of depression among women with RTT as identified by a screening telephone interview and to explore the clinical factors associated with this. METHODS: The study employed the cross-sectional analysis of data from telephone interviews with carers of 56 women with RTT, using validated questionnaires for assessing mental health problems, challenging behaviour and RTT severity...
June 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
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