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European Journal of Pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771193/early-symptoms-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle-recalled-by-339-sle-patients
#1
N Leuchten, B Milke, B Winkler-Rohlfing, D Daikh, T Dörner, S R Johnson, M Aringer
Objective The European League Against Rheumatism and the American College of Rheumatology jointly embarked on a new classification criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) project. Its first phase involved generation of a broad set of items potentially useful for classification of SLE. This study was undertaken to add the patient perspective to an expert Delphi approach and an early patient cohort study. Methods A national cross-sectional study was conducted. A self-report questionnaire was published in the "Schmetterling" (Butterfly), the quarterly journal of the German SLE patient association...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696169/quality-of-abstracts-of-randomized-control-trials-in-five-top-pain-journals-a-systematic-survey
#2
Kamath Sriganesh, Suparna Bharadwaj, Mei Wang, Luciana P F Abbade, Yanling Jin, Mariamma Philip, Rachel Couban, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Lehana Thabane
Background: The reporting quality of abstracts of randomized control trials (RCTs) is inadequate despite the publication of consolidated standards of reporting trials extension for abstracts (CONSORT-A). We compared the reporting quality of abstracts in pain journals before and after the publication of CONSORT-A. Methods: We searched MEDLINE in April-2016 for RCTs published in five pain journals: Pain, Pain Physician, European Journal of Pain, Clinical Journal of Pain and Pain Practice for pre- and post-CONSORT-A period (2005-2007 and 2013-2015)...
September 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500878/a-new-year-a-new-journal
#3
W J Fokkens
Let us start this first editorial of 2018 with wishing you all a marvelous year where most of your dreams come true. In the last years, the editors of Rhinology felt often very unhappy when again we had to refuse papers send to us for Rhinology. Unfortunately, every year we can only accept around 15% of the papers we receive. With pain in our hearts, we often have to refuse papers of good quality but just not innovative enough or with slight methodological imperfections. The editorial board of Rhinology recognized this feeling and we decided to start a new journal: Rhinology Online to have space for all those papers that are good but just do not make the cut for Rhinology...
March 1, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420359/crohn-s-disease-a-critical-approach-to-publication-procedures-and-citation-behavior-of-the-global-research-network
#4
Norman Schöffel, Dörthe Brüggmann, Doris Klingelhöfer, Michael H K Bendels, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND AND GOALS: Crohn's disease (CD) is an inflammatory bowel disease, which can lead to abdominal pain, weight loss, fatigue, severe diarrhea, and malnutrition. Despite enormous efforts and progress in diagnosis and therapy, there are still many aspects of uncertainty leading to an increasing scientific interest in this topic. As it is challenging to survey all articles regarding CD and to measure their scientific importance, this study uses reliable scientometric tools to evaluate the global research output on CD related to quantitative and qualitative aspects and in chronological and geographical context...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205150/a-pragmatic-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-comparing-stapled-haemorrhoidopexy-with-traditional-excisional-surgery-for-haemorrhoidal-disease-the-ethos-study
#5
Angus Jm Watson, Jonathan Cook, Jemma Hudson, Mary Kilonzo, Jessica Wood, Hanne Bruhn, Steven Brown, Brian Buckley, Finlay Curran, David Jayne, Malcolm Loudon, Ramesh Rajagopal, Alison McDonald, John Norrie
BACKGROUND: Haemorrhoids are a benign anorectal condition and are highly prevalent in the UK population. Treatments involve clinic-based procedures and surgery. The surgical procedures available include stapled haemorrhoidopexy (SH) and traditional haemorrhoidectomy (TH), and over 25,000 operations are performed for haemorrhoids annually in the UK. The disease is therefore important both to patients and to health service commissioners. Debate remains as to which of these surgical procedures is the most clinically effective and cost-effective...
November 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055811/access-to-treatment-with-controlled-medicines-rationale-and-recommendations-for-neutral-precise-and-respectful-language
#6
REVIEW
W Scholten, O Simon, I Maremmani, C Wells, J F Kelly, R Hämmig, L Radbruch
The European Pain Federation EFIC, the International Association for Hospice and Palliative Care, International Doctors for Healthier Drug Policies, the Swiss Romandy College for Addiction Medicine, the Swiss Society of Addiction Medicine, and the World Federation for the Treatment of Opioid Dependence called on medical journals to ensure that authors always use terminology that is neutral, precise, and respectful in relation to the use of psychoactive substances. It has been shown that language can propagate stigma, and that stigma can prevent people from seeking help and influence the effectiveness of social and public-health policies...
December 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644115/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-lightweight-fibreglass-heel-casts-in-the-management-of-ulcers-of-the-heel-in-diabetes-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
William Jeffcoate, Frances Game, Vivienne Turtle-Savage, Alison Musgrove, Patricia Price, Wei Tan, Lucy Bradshaw, Alan Montgomery, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Angela Farr, Thomas Winfield, Ceri Phillips
BACKGROUND: Ulcers of the foot in people with diabetes mellitus are slow to heal and result in considerable cost and patient suffering. The prognosis is worst for ulcers of the heel. OBJECTIVE: To assess both the clinical effectiveness and the cost-effectiveness of lightweight fibreglass casts in the management of heel ulcers. DESIGN: A pragmatic, multicentre, parallel, observer-blinded randomised controlled trial. A central randomisation centre used a computer-generated random number sequence to allocate participants to groups...
May 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576901/anankle-trial-study-protocol-a-randomised-trial-comparing-pain-profiles-after-peripheral-nerve-block-or-spinal-anaesthesia-for-ankle-fracture-surgery
#8
Rune Sort, Stig Brorson, Ismail Gögenur, Ann Merete Møller
INTRODUCTION: Ankle fracture surgery is a common procedure, but the influence of anaesthesia choice on postoperative pain and quality of recovery is poorly understood. Some authors suggest a benefit of peripheral nerve block (PNB) in elective procedures, but the different pain profile following acute fracture surgery and the rebound pain on cessation of the PNB both remain unexplored. We present an ongoing randomised study aiming to compare primary PNB anaesthesia with spinal anaesthesia for ankle fracture surgery regarding postoperative pain profiles and quality of recovery...
June 2, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125523/machine-learning-based-classification-of-38-years-of-spine-related-literature-into-100-research-topics
#9
David C Sing, Lionel N Metz, Stefan Dudli
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: To identify the top 100 spine research topics. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Recent advances in "machine learning," or computers learning without explicit instructions, have yielded broad technological advances. Topic modeling algorithms can be applied to large volumes of text to discover quantifiable themes and trends. METHODS: Abstracts were extracted from the National Library of Medicine PubMed database from five prominent peer-reviewed spine journals (European Spine Journal [ESJ], The Spine Journal [SpineJ], Spine, Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques [JSDT], Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine [JNS])...
June 1, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051079/genome-wide-association-scan-of-neuropathic-pain-symptoms-post-total-joint-replacement-highlights-a-variant-in-the-protein-kinase-c-gene
#10
Sophie C Warner, Joyce Bj van Meurs, Dieuwke Schiphof, Sita M Bierma-Zeinstra, Albert Hofman, Andre G Uitterlinden, Helen Richardson, Wendy Jenkins, Michael Doherty, Ana M Valdes
Neuropathic pain-like joint symptoms (NP) are seen in a proportion of individuals diagnosed with osteoarthritis (OA) and post total joint replacement (TJR). In this study, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) using NP as defined by the painDETECT questionnaire (score >12 indicating possible NP) in 613 post-TJR participants recruited from Nottinghamshire (UK). The prevalence of possible NP was 17.8%. The top four hits from the GWAS and two other biologically relevant single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were replicated in individuals with OA and post TJR from an independent study in the same area (N=908) and in individuals from the Rotterdam Study (N=212)...
April 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045199/yoga-for-improving-health-related-quality-of-life-mental-health-and-cancer-related-symptoms-in-women-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer
#11
REVIEW
Holger Cramer, Romy Lauche, Petra Klose, Silke Lange, Jost Langhorst, Gustav J Dobos
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the cancer most frequently diagnosed in women worldwide. Even though survival rates are continually increasing, breast cancer is often associated with long-term psychological distress, chronic pain, fatigue and impaired quality of life. Yoga comprises advice for an ethical lifestyle, spiritual practice, physical activity, breathing exercises and meditation. It is a complementary therapy that is commonly recommended for breast cancer-related impairments and has been shown to improve physical and mental health in people with different cancer types...
January 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928980/inside-doctor-livingstone-a-scottish-icon-s-encounter-with-tropical-disease
#12
Michael P Barrett, Federica Giordani
Dr David Livingstone died on May 1st 1873. He was 60 years old and had spent much of the previous 30 years walking across large stretches of Southern Africa, exploring the terrain he hoped could provide new environments in which Europeans and Africans could cohabit on equal terms and bring prosperity to a part of the world he saw ravaged by the slave trade. Just days before he died, he wrote in his journal about the permanent stream of blood that he was emitting related to haemorrhoids and the acute intestinal pain that had left him incapable of walking...
October 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921992/the-hubble-trial-haemorrhoidal-artery-ligation-hal-versus-rubber-band-ligation-rbl-for-symptomatic-second-and-third-degree-haemorrhoids-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-and-health-economic-evaluation
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Steven Brown, Jim Tiernan, Katie Biggs, Daniel Hind, Neil Shephard, Mike Bradburn, Allan Wailoo, Abualbishr Alshreef, Lizzie Swaby, Angus Watson, Simon Radley, Oliver Jones, Paul Skaife, Anil Agarwal, Pasquale Giordano, Marc Lamah, Mark Cartmell, Justin Davies, Omar Faiz, Karen Nugent, Andrew Clarke, Angus MacDonald, Phillip Conaghan, Paul Ziprin, Rohit Makhija
BACKGROUND: Optimal surgical intervention for low-grade haemorrhoids is unknown. Rubber band ligation (RBL) is probably the most common intervention. Haemorrhoidal artery ligation (HAL) is a novel alternative that may be more efficacious. OBJECTIVE: The comparison of HAL with RBL for the treatment of grade II/III haemorrhoids. DESIGN: A multicentre, parallel-group randomised controlled trial. PERSPECTIVE: UK NHS and Personal Social Services...
November 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798002/-omics-biomarkers-associated-with-chronic-low-back-pain-protocol-of-a-retrospective-longitudinal-study
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Massimo Allegri, Manuela De Gregori, Cristina E Minella, Catherine Klersy, Wei Wang, Moira Sim, Christian Gieger, Judith Manz, Iain K Pemberton, Jane MacDougall, Frances Mk Williams, Jan Van Zundert, Klaas Buyse, Gordan Lauc, Ivan Gudelj, Dragan Primorac, Andrea Skelin, Yurii S Aulchenko, Lennart C Karssen, Leonardo Kapural, Richard Rauck, Guido Fanelli
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) produces considerable direct costs as well as indirect burdens for society, industry and health systems. CLBP is characterised by heterogeneity, inclusion of several pain syndromes, different underlying molecular pathologies and interaction with psychosocial factors that leads to a range of clinical manifestations. There is still much to understand in the underlying pathological processes and the non-psychosocial factors which account for differences in outcomes...
October 19, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735787/the-ankle-injury-management-aim-trial-a-pragmatic-multicentre-equivalence-randomised-controlled-trial-and-economic-evaluation-comparing-close-contact-casting-with-open-surgical-reduction-and-internal-fixation-in-the-treatment-of-unstable-ankle-fractures-in
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
David J Keene, Dipesh Mistry, Julian Nam, Elizabeth Tutton, Robert Handley, Lesley Morgan, Emma Roberts, Bridget Gray, Andrew Briggs, Ranjit Lall, Tim Js Chesser, Ian Pallister, Sarah E Lamb, Keith Willett
BACKGROUND: Close contact casting (CCC) may offer an alternative to open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) surgery for unstable ankle fractures in older adults. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to (1) determine if CCC for unstable ankle fractures in adults aged over 60 years resulted in equivalent clinical outcome compared with ORIF, (2) estimate cost-effectiveness to the NHS and society and (3) explore participant experiences. DESIGN: A pragmatic, multicentre, equivalence randomised controlled trial incorporating health economic evaluation and qualitative study...
October 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705748/cornus-mas-l-cornelian-cherry-an-important-european-and-asian-traditional-food-and-medicine-ethnomedicine-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-for-its-commercial-utilization-in-drug-industry
#16
REVIEW
Biswanath Dinda, Anthony M Kyriakopoulos, Subhajit Dinda, Vassilis Zoumpourlis, Nikolaos S Thomaidis, Aristea Velegraki, Charlambos Markopoulos, Manikarna Dinda
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cornus mas L. (cornelian cherry) fruits have been used for centuries as traditional cuisine and folk medicine in various countries of Europe and Asia. In folk medicines, the fruits and other parts of the plant have been used for prevention and treatment of a wide range of diseases such as diabetes, diarrhea, gastrointestinal disorders, fevers, rheumatic pain, skin and urinary tract infections, kidney and liver diseases, sunstroke, among others. This review provides a systematic and constructive overview of ethnomedicinal uses, chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of this plant as well as future research need for its commercial utilization as nutraceutical food supplement and medicine...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640221/the-development-of-pain-medicine-in-italy-and-the-rest-of-europe-40-years-after-the-first-international-association-for-the-study-of-pain-congress
#17
Giustino Varrassi, Antonella Paladini
Professor Giustino Varrassi and Antonella Paladini speak to Jade Parker, Commissioning Editor: Professor Giustino Varrassi is Full Professor of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine in the LUdeS University, Valletta, Malta. He graduated at the Medical School of the University 'La Sapienza' (Rome, Italy) in 1973, and became board certified in Anesthesiology and Intensive Care in 1976 and in Pneumology in 1978, both in the same Medical School. He is currently President of the European League Against Pain and of the Paolo Procacci Foundation, and is a founding member of both of these...
January 2017: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27335533/neurasthenia-at-mengo-hospital-uganda-a-case-study-in-psychiatry-and-a-diagnosis-1906-50
#18
Yolana Pringle
This article uses a case-study approach to examine the complex and contradictory nature of diagnoses like neurasthenia in colonial Africa. Drawing on the case notes of European and African patients diagnosed with neurasthenia at the Church Missionary Society's Mengo Hospital, Uganda, it argues that in practice, and outside the colonial asylum in particular, ideas about race and mental illness were more nuanced than histories of psychiatry and empire might imply. At Mengo, the tales of pain and suffering recorded by the doctors remind us that there is more to the history of neurasthenia than colonial anxieties and socio-political control...
March 3, 2016: Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27117932/outcome-of-intestinal-failure-after-bariatric-surgery-experience-from-a-national-uk-referral-centre
#19
P J Allan, P Stevens, A Abraham, P Paine, K Farrer, A Teubner, G Carlson, S Lal
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Bariatric surgery for morbid obesity provides sustained weight loss. Complications of bariatric surgery include severe nutritional decline, but minimal data describing occurrence and outcome of intestinal failure (IF) exist. SUBJECTS/METHODS: All patients referred to one of the UK's National IF units (IFU) are prospectively entered onto a database; case notes were assessed for bariatric surgery details, IF onset, outcomes, resulting intestinal anatomy, mortality and catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs)...
July 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27099815/current-trends-in-the-use-of-patient-reported-outcome-instruments-in-degenerative-cervical-spine-surgery
#20
Haruki Ueda, Holt S Cutler, Javier Z Guzman, Samuel K Cho
Study Design Bibliometric analysis. Objective To determine trends, frequency, and distribution of patient-reported outcome instruments (PROIs) in degenerative cervical spine surgery literature over the past decade. Methods A search was conducted via PubMed from 2004 to 2013 on five journals (The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, The Bone and Joint Journal, The Spine Journal, European Spine Journal, and Spine), which were chosen based on their impact factors and authors' consensus. All abstracts were screened and articles addressing degenerative cervical spine surgery using PROIs were included...
May 2016: Global Spine Journal
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