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Suspension training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226633/autonomous-vision-guided-approach-for-the-analysis-and-grading-of-vertical-suspension-tests-during-hammersmith-infant-neurological-examination-hine
#1
Prasenjit Dey, Debi Prosad Dogra, Partha Pratim Roy, Harish Bhaskar, Prasenjit Dey, Debi Prosad Dogra, Partha Pratim Roy, Harish Bhaskar, Debi Prosad Dogra, Harish Bhaskar, Prasenjit Dey, Partha Pratim Roy
Computer vision assisted diagnostic systems are gaining popularity in different healthcare applications. This paper presents a video analysis and pattern recognition framework for the automatic grading of vertical suspension tests on infants during the Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination (HINE). The proposed vision-guided pipeline applies a color-based skin region segmentation procedure followed by the localization of body parts before feature extraction and classification. After constrained localization of lower body parts, a stick-diagram representation is used for extracting novel features that correspond to the motion dynamic characteristics of the infant's leg movements during HINE...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217415/muscle-activation-patterns-during-suspension-training-exercises
#2
Sean Harris, Elise Ruffin, Wayne Brewer, Alexis Ortiz
BACKGROUND: Suspension training (ST) has been utilized over exercises performed on a stable surface to train multiple muscle groups simultaneously to increase muscle activation and joint stability. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether ST augments muscle activation compared to similar exercises performed on a stable surface. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Twenty-five healthy adults (male: 16; women: 9; BMI: 23...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210068/use-of-an-arm-weight-bearing-combined-with-upper-limb-reaching-apparatus-to-facilitate-motor-paralysis-recovery-in-an-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-patient-a-single-case-report
#3
Takashi Hoei, Kazumi Kawahira, Hidefumi Fukuda, Keizo Sihgenobu, Megumi Shimodozono, Tadashi Ogura
[Purpose] Training using an arm weight-bearing device combined with upper-limb reaching apparatus to facilitate motor paralysis recovery, named the "Reaching Robot", as well as Repetitive Facilitation Exercise were applied to a patient with severe impairment of the shoulder and elbow due to incomplete spinal cord injury and the effects were examined. [Subjects and Methods] A 66-year-old man with incomplete spinal cord injury participated in an upper extremity rehabilitation program involving a Reaching Robot...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149429/physiological-nutritional-and-performance-profiles-of-brazilian-jiu-jitsu-athletes
#4
Leonardo V Andreato, Jonatas Fs Santos, João Vdc Esteves, Valeria Lg Panissa, Ursula F Julio, Emerson Franchini
This study analysed the physiological, nutritional and performance profiles of athletes practicing Brazilian jiu-jitsu. To this end, 15 athletes that practiced Brazilian jiu-jitsu (aged: 28 ± 5 years; 8 brown belts and 7 black belts; training experience: 11 ± 4 years) underwent anthropometric measurements (body composition and somatotype), dietary evaluation (24 h recall) and physical fitness tests (movement time, dynamometer handgrip, kimono grip strength, vertical jump and sit-and-reach tests). The athletes had 12...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040448/randomized-clinical-trial-of-postoperative-belladonna-and-opium-rectal-suppositories-in-vaginal-surgery
#5
K Butler, J Yi, M Wasson, J Klauschie, D Ryan, J Hentz, J Cornella, P Magtibay, R Kho
BACKGROUND: Following vaginal surgery oral and parenteral narcotics are commonly used for pain relief and their use may exacerbate the incidence of sedation, nausea, and vomiting; ultimately delaying convalescence. Previous studies have demonstrated that rectal analgesia following surgery results in lower pain scores and less intravenous morphine consumption. Belladonna and opium (B&O) rectal suppositories may be used to relieve pain and minimize side effects; however their efficacy has not been confirmed...
December 28, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031268/distinct-roles-of-opioid-and-dopamine-systems-in-lateral-hypothalamic-intracranial-self-stimulation
#6
Soichiro Ide, Takehiro Takahashi, Yukio Takamatsu, George R Uhl, Hiroaki Niki, Ichiro Sora, Kazutaka Ikeda
BACKGROUND: Opioid and dopamine systems play crucial roles in reward. Similarities and differences in the neural mechanisms of reward that are mediated by these two systems have remained largely unknown. Thus, in the present study, we investigated the differences in reward function in both µ-opioid receptor knockout (MOP KO) mice and dopamine transporter knockout (DAT KO) mice, important molecules in the opioid and dopamine systems. METHODS: Mice were implanted with electrodes into the right lateral hypothalamus (lh)...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984075/moderate-aerobic-exercise-on-the-recovery-phase-of-gentamicin-induced-acute-kidney-injury-in-rats
#7
C S Oliveira, A M Rodrigues, G B Nogueira, M A Nascimento, G R Punaro, E M S Higa
INTRODUCTION: Acute kidney injury is a serious public health problem, especially in intensive care units, where patients may require dialysis support, resulting in 50% mortality. AIM: To evaluate the effects of moderate aerobic exercise on the recovery phase of acute kidney injury induced by gentamicin in rats. MAIN METHODS: Male adult Wistar rats were allocated into 4 groups: W10+R30, G10+R30, W10+EX30 and G10+EX30; W10 received water (gentamicin vehicle) and G10 received gentamicin for 10days; R30 remained resting and EX30 made exercise for 30days after gentamicin suspension...
January 15, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878483/fine-particulate-bound-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-vehicles-in-rome-italy
#8
Paola Romagnoli, Catia Balducci, Angelo Cecinato, Nunziata L'Episcopo, Claudio Gariazzo, Maria Pia Gatto, Andrea Gordiani, Monica Gherardi
Urban commuters are exposed to elevated levels of air pollutants, especially in heavily polluted areas and traffic congested roads. In order to assess the contribution of commuting to citizens' exposure, measurements of fine particulate (PM2.5) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were carried out in cars, busses, and metro trains, within the LIFE+ EXPAH Project. Monitoring campaigns were performed in Rome, Italy, from April 2011 to August 2012. Inside the busses, the concentration of total PAHs ranged from 2...
November 22, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767984/the-optimum-hematocrit
#9
Walter H Reinhart
The hematocrit (Hct) determines the oxygen carrying capacity of blood, but also increases blood viscosity and thus flow resistance. From this dual role the concept of an optimum Hct for tissue oxygenation has been derived. Viscometric studies using the ratio Hct/blood viscosity at high shear rate showed an optimum Hct of 50-60% for red blood cell (RBC) suspensions in plasma. For the perfusion of an artificial microvascular network with 5-70μm channels the optimum Hct was 60-70% for high driving pressures. With lower shear rates or driving pressures the optimum Hct shifted towards lower values...
2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677026/utilization-of-robo-k-for-improving-walking-and-balance-in-patients-affected-by-neurological-injuries-a-preliminary-study
#10
Katell Denis, Florian Bidet, Jerome Egault, Arnaud Gautier, Pauline Coignard, Katel Rinfray, Marie-Lise Peuziat, Jean-Paul Departe, Jean-Luc Le-Guiet, Nolwenn Morisset, Nathalie Pichot, Isabelle Bonan
OBJECTIVE: Robotic systems allow to initiate and facilitate the implementation of a movement executed by the patient. The objective was to test the interest of an innovative gait robot. MATERIALS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighteen patients 53.6 (±11.1) years aged, with a functional ambulation category (FAC) 0 to 5, followed 3 sessions of 45min/week with the mobile robot with body weight support during 4 weeks while maintaining conventional physiotherapy sessions. This evolutionary robot provides, in stationary mode balance training safely through suspension, and in mobile mode gait training according to various trajectories...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634603/blood-flow-restricted-exercise-compared-to-high-load-resistance-exercise-during-unloading
#11
Kyle J Hackney, Meghan E Downs, Lori Ploutz-Snyder
BACKGROUND: Bed rest studies have shown that high load (HL) resistance training can mitigate the loss of muscle size and strength during musculoskeletal unloading; however, not all individuals are able to perform HL resistance exercise. Blood flow restricted (BFR) resistance exercise may be a novel way to prevent maladaptation to unloading without requiring HL exercise equipment. This study evaluated the muscular training adaptations to HL and BFR resistance training during unilateral lower limb suspension (ULLS), a human limb unloading model...
August 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633740/dissociation-between-short-term-unloading-and-resistance-training-effects-on-skeletal-muscle-na-k-atpase-muscle-function-and-fatigue-in-humans
#12
Ben D Perry, Victoria L Wyckelsma, Robyn M Murphy, Collene H Steward, Mitchell Anderson, Itamar Levinger, Aaron C Petersen, Michael J McKenna
Physical training increases skeletal muscle Na(+),K(+)-ATPase content (NKA) and improves exercise performance, but the effects of inactivity per se on NKA content and isoform abundance in human muscle are unknown. We investigated the effects of 23-day unilateral lower limb suspension (ULLS) and subsequent 4-wk resistance training (RT) on muscle function and NKA in 6 healthy adults, measuring quadriceps muscle peak torque; fatigue and venous [K(+)] during intense one-legged cycling exercise; and skeletal muscle NKA content ([(3)H]ouabain binding) and NKA isoform abundances (immunoblotting) in muscle homogenates (α1-3, β1-2) and in single fibers (α1-3, β1)...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589763/a-sensor-fusion-method-based-on-an-integrated-neural-network-and-kalman-filter-for-vehicle-roll-angle-estimation
#13
Leandro Vargas-Meléndez, Beatriz L Boada, María Jesús L Boada, Antonio Gauchía, Vicente Díaz
This article presents a novel estimator based on sensor fusion, which combines the Neural Network (NN) with a Kalman filter in order to estimate the vehicle roll angle. The NN estimates a "pseudo-roll angle" through variables that are easily measured from Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) sensors. An IMU is a device that is commonly used for vehicle motion detection, and its cost has decreased during recent years. The pseudo-roll angle is introduced in the Kalman filter in order to filter noise and minimize the variance of the norm and maximum errors' estimation...
August 31, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575729/methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-the-environment-of-public-transport-data-from-the-metropolitan-network-in-lyon-france
#14
Alexandre Gaymard, Maxime Pichon, Michaël Degaud, Jason Tasse, Céline Dupieux, Frédéric Laurent
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is involved in community-acquired and nosocomial diseases. The means of MRSA transmission and dissemination in the community remain uncertain. Studies have shown that public transport systems could be a source of MRSA and may serve as a potential source for community-acquired MRSA infections. This study aimed to investigate MRSA contamination on Lyon's metropolitan network (Métro) in France. Hand-touched surfaces were sampled with sterile swabs (Transystem(®)) during a 1-day transversal study by collecting 50 samples in seven hub stations and two trains for each of the four Métro lines...
October 2016: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572497/ex-vivo-ovine-model-for-suspension-microlaryngoscopy-training
#15
G Isaacson, D C Ianacone, A M S Soliman
OBJECTIVE: To develop an ovine model for teaching suspension laryngoscopy and phonosurgery. METHODS: The head and neck from 10 pre-pubescent sheep were harvested following humane euthanasia at the end of an in vivo protocol. No live animals were used in this study. The tissues were saline-perfused and refrigerated for 1-5 days. Suspension laryngoscopy was performed using adolescent Parsons and adult Kantor-Berci laryngoscopes suspended with a Benjamin-Parsons laryngoscope holder...
October 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531019/pilot-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-field-study-to-evaluate-the-effectiveness-of-bupivacaine-liposome-injectable-suspension-for-the-provision-of-post-surgical-analgesia-in-dogs-undergoing-stifle-surgery
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
B Duncan X Lascelles, Lesley C Rausch-Derra, Jessica A Wofford, Margie Huebner
BACKGROUND: Local anesthetics are an important component of perioperative pain management, but the duration of action of available products is limited. We hypothesized that a single local infiltration of a novel bupivacaine liposome injectable suspension (AT-003) would provide clinically effective analgesia over a 72-h period. In a masked, randomized, placebo-controlled, multi-center pilot field study, dogs undergoing lateral retinacular suture placement for cranial cruciate insufficiency were randomly assigned to surgical site infiltration with AT-003 (5...
August 17, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27363785/cytotoxicity-evaluation-using-cryopreserved-primary-human-hepatocytes-in-various-culture-formats
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Lysiane Richert, Audrey Baze, Céline Parmentier, Helga H J Gerets, Rowena Sison-Young, Martina Dorau, Cerys Lovatt, Andreas Czich, Christopher Goldring, B Kevin Park, Satu Juhila, Alison J Foster, Dominic P Williams
Sixteen training compounds selected in the IMI MIP-DILI consortium, 12 drug-induced liver injury (DILI) positive compounds and 4 non-DILI compounds, were assessed in cryopreserved primary human hepatocytes. When a ten-fold safety margin threshold was applied, the non-DILI-compounds were correctly identified 2h following a single exposure to pooled human hepatocytes (n=13 donors) in suspension and 14-days following repeat dose exposure (3 treatments) to an established 3D-microtissue co-culture (3D-MT co-culture, n=1 donor) consisting of human hepatocytes co-cultured with non-parenchymal cells (NPC)...
September 6, 2016: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27360171/an-evaluation-of-the-heart-rate-response-to-a-twenty-minute-suspension-training-exercise-session-1028-board-344-june-1-2-00-pm-3-30-pm
#18
Angela M Kleitz, Andrew Bosak, Kevin Huet, Elizabeth Croft, Kayla Nix, Jordan Otto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27359793/energy-expenditure-with-two-suspension-training-protocols-649-june-1-2-00-pm-2-15-pm
#19
Tony P Nunez, Nicholas M Beltz, Trisha A McLain, Christine M Mermier, Len Kravitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27359764/effect-of-a-suspension-training-movement-program-on-muscular-fitness-in-youth-509-board-346-june-1-9-30-am-11-00-am
#20
Brittany Masteller, Christine W St Laurent, Thomas G St Laurent, Carol Bigelow, John R Sirard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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