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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670510/differential-expression-of-several-mirnas-and-the-host-genes-aatk-and-dnm2-in-leukocytes-of-sporadic-als-patients
#1
Katarina Vrabec, Emanuela Boštjančič, Blaž Koritnik, Lea Leonardis, Leja Dolenc Grošelj, Janez Zidar, Boris Rogelj, Damjan Glavač, Metka Ravnik-Glavač
Genetic studies have managed to explain many cases of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) through mutations in several genes. However, the cause of a majority of sporadic cases remains unknown. Recently, epigenetics, especially miRNA studies, show some promising aspects. We aimed to evaluate the differential expression of 10 miRNAs, including miR-9, miR-338, miR-638, miR-663a, miR-124a, miR-143, miR-451a, miR-132, miR-206, and let-7b, for which some connection to ALS was shown previously in ALS culture cells, animal models or patients, and in three miRNA host genes, including C1orf61 (miR-9), AATK (miR-338), and DNM2 (miR-638), in leukocyte samples of 84 patients with sporadic ALS...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669168/characterization-of-congenital-myopathies-at-a-korean-neuromuscular-center
#2
Young-Eun Park, Jin-Hong Shin, Hyang-Sook Kim, Chang-Hoon Lee, Dae-Seong Kim
INTRODUCTION: Congenital myopathies are muscle diseases characterized by specific histopathological features, generalized hypotonia from birth, and perinatal complications, although some cases develop during childhood or rarely even in adulthood. We undertook the study to characterize congenital myopathies among patients registered at our institution. METHODS: Clinical, histopathological and genetic features were evaluated in 34 patients recruited for this study...
April 18, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668875/giant-biventricular-aneurysms-a-novel-cardiac-phenotype-in-myotubular-centronuclear-myopathy
#3
Francisco José Bermúdez-Jiménez, Juan Jiménez-Jáimez, Mercedes González Molina, Luis Tercedor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2018: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663456/label-free-identification-of-myopathological-features-with-coherent-anti-stokes-raman-scattering
#4
Daniel Niedieker, Frederik Großerüschkamp, Anja Schreiner, Katalin Barkovits, Carsten Kötting, Katrin Marcus, Klaus Gerwert, Matthias Vorgerd
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was the label-free identification of distinct myopathological features with coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) imaging, which leaves the sample intact for further analysis. METHODS: The protein distribution was determined without labels by CARS at 2930 cm-1 and was compared with the results of standard histological staining. RESULTS: CARS imaging enabled the visualization of glycogen accumulation in glycogen storage disease type 5 (McArdle) and of internal nuclei in centronuclear myopathy...
April 16, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614691/novel-speg-mutations-in-congenital-myopathy-without-centralized-nuclei
#5
Xavière Lornage, Pascal Sabouraud, Béatrice Lannes, Dominique Gaillard, Raphaël Schneider, Jean-François Deleuze, Anne Boland, Julie Thompson, Johann Böhm, Valérie Biancalana, Jocelyn Laporte
Congenital myopathies are clinically and genetically heterogeneous, and are classified based on typical structural abnormalities on muscle sections. Recessive mutations in the striated muscle preferentially expressed protein kinase (SPEG) were recently reported in patients with centronuclear myopathy (CNM) associated in most cases with dilated cardiomyopathy. Here we report the identification of novel biallelic truncating SPEG mutations in a patient with moderate congenital myopathy without clinical and histological hallmarks of CNM and without cardiomyopathy...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506908/single-intramuscular-injection-of-aav-shrna-reduces-dnm2-and-prevents-myotubular-myopathy-in-mice
#6
Hichem Tasfaout, Valentina M Lionello, Christine Kretz, Pascale Koebel, Nadia Messaddeq, Deborah Bitz, Jocelyn Laporte, Belinda S Cowling
Myotubular myopathy, or X-linked centronuclear myopathy, is a severe muscle disorder representing a significant burden for patients and their families. It is clinically characterized by neonatal and severe muscle weakness and atrophy. Mutations in the myotubularin (MTM1) gene cause myotubular myopathy, and no specific curative treatment is available. We previously found that dynamin 2 (DNM2) is upregulated in both Mtm1 knockout and patient muscle samples, whereas its reduction through antisense oligonucleotides rescues the clinical and histopathological features of this myopathy in mice...
April 4, 2018: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474540/speg-deficient-skeletal-muscles-exhibit-abnormal-triad-and-defective-calcium-handling
#7
Virginia Huntoon, Jeffrey J Widrick, Colline Sanchez, Samantha M Rosen, Candice Kutchukian, Siqi Cao, Christopher R Pierson, Xiaoli Liu, Mark A Perrella, Alan H Beggs, Vincent Jacquemond, Pankaj B Agrawal
Centronuclear myopathies (CNM) are a subtype of congenital myopathies (CM) characterized by skeletal muscle weakness and an increase in the number of central myonuclei. We have previously identified three CNM probands, two with associated dilated cardiomyopathy, carrying striated preferentially expressed gene (SPEG) mutations. Currently, the role of SPEG in skeletal muscle function is unclear as constitutive SPEG-deficient mice developed severe dilated cardiomyopathy and died in utero. We have generated a conditional Speg-KO mouse model and excised Speg by crosses with striated muscle-specific cre-expressing mice (MCK-Cre)...
May 1, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391587/congenital-myopathies-disorders-of-excitation-contraction-coupling-and-muscle-contraction
#8
REVIEW
Heinz Jungbluth, Susan Treves, Francesco Zorzato, Anna Sarkozy, Julien Ochala, Caroline Sewry, Rahul Phadke, Mathias Gautel, Francesco Muntoni
The congenital myopathies are a group of early-onset, non-dystrophic neuromuscular conditions with characteristic muscle biopsy findings, variable severity and a stable or slowly progressive course. Pronounced weakness in axial and proximal muscle groups is a common feature, and involvement of extraocular, cardiorespiratory and/or distal muscles can implicate specific genetic defects. Central core disease (CCD), multi-minicore disease (MmD), centronuclear myopathy (CNM) and nemaline myopathy were among the first congenital myopathies to be reported, and they still represent the main diagnostic categories...
March 2018: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246969/allele-specific-silencing-therapy-for-dynamin-2-related-dominant-centronuclear-myopathy
#9
Delphine Trochet, Bernard Prudhon, Maud Beuvin, Cécile Peccate, Stéphanie Lorain, Laura Julien, Sofia Benkhelifa-Ziyyat, Aymen Rabai, Kamel Mamchaoui, Arnaud Ferry, Jocelyn Laporte, Pascale Guicheney, Stéphane Vassilopoulos, Marc Bitoun
Rapid advances in allele-specific silencing by RNA interference established a strategy of choice to cure dominant inherited diseases by targeting mutant alleles. We used this strategy for autosomal-dominant centronuclear myopathy (CNM), a rare neuromuscular disorder without available treatment due to heterozygous mutations in the DNM2 gene encoding Dynamin 2. Allele-specific siRNA sequences were developed in order to specifically knock down the human and murine DNM2 -mRNA harbouring the p.R465W mutation without affecting the wild-type allele...
February 2018: EMBO Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178655/ryr1-causing-distal-myopathy
#10
Ruple S Laughlin, Zhiyv Niu, Eric Wieben, Margherita Milone
BACKGROUND: Congenital myopathies due to ryanodine receptor (RYR1) mutations are increasingly identified and correlate with a wide range of phenotypes, most commonly that of malignant hyperthermia susceptibility and central cores on muscle biopsy with rare reports of distal muscle weakness, but in the setting of early onset global weakness. METHODS: We report a case of a patient presenting with childhood onset hand stiffness and adult onset progressive hand weakness and jaw contractures discovered to have two variants in the RYR1 gene...
November 2017: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139392/-myonuclear-domain-and-microtubule-proteome-during-skeletal-muscle-maturation
#11
Nathalie Couturier, Vincent Gache
In the normal course of muscle fiber development, myonuclei actively position and adapt a precise localization in mature fibers, shaping MyoNuclear Domains (MNDs). Myonuclei positioning in fibers appears to be essential for muscle function as defects in MNDs settings are always associated with dysfunction (i.e., centronuclear myopathy, sarcopenia). Previous studies have shown that myonuclei positioning in fibers is reversible, suggesting that in pathologies presenting MNDs impairment, myonuclei could be re-addressed to the "correct" position in fibers and this could benefit to muscle function...
November 2017: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130937/amphiphysin-bin1-negatively-regulates-dynamin-2-for-normal-muscle-maturation
#12
Belinda S Cowling, Ivana Prokic, Hichem Tasfaout, Aymen Rabai, Frédéric Humbert, Bruno Rinaldi, Anne-Sophie Nicot, Christine Kretz, Sylvie Friant, Aurélien Roux, Jocelyn Laporte
Regulation of skeletal muscle development and organization is a complex process that is not fully understood. Here, we focused on amphiphysin 2 (BIN1, also known as bridging integrator-1) and dynamin 2 (DNM2), two ubiquitous proteins implicated in membrane remodeling and mutated in centronuclear myopathies (CNMs). We generated Bin1-/- Dnm2+/- mice to decipher the physiological interplay between BIN1 and DNM2. While Bin1-/- mice die perinatally from a skeletal muscle defect, Bin1-/- Dnm2+/- mice survived at least 18 months, and had normal muscle force and intracellular organization of muscle fibers, supporting BIN1 as a negative regulator of DNM2...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103045/dominant-centronuclear-myopathy-with-early-childhood-onset-due-to-a-novel-mutation-in-bin1
#13
Carlyn Kouwenberg, Johann Bohm, Corrie Erasmus, Irene van Balken, Sandra Vos, Benno Kusters, Erik-Jan Kamsteeg, Valerie Biancalana, Catherine Koch, Nicolas Dondaine, Jocelyn Laporte, Nicol Voermans
Autosomal dominant centronuclear myopathy (CNM) caused by mutations in the gene coding for amphiphysin-2 (BIN1) typically presents in adulthood with progressive muscle weakness. We report a Dutch family with AD CNM due to a novel BIN1 mutation (c.53T>A (p.Val18Glu)), strongly impairing the membrane tubulation activity of amphiphysin-2. The main features were mild proximal weakness with pronounced myalgia, exercise intolerance and large muscle mass, with a childhood onset in the youngest generation and mild cognitive features...
2017: Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071728/impaired-excitation-contraction-coupling-in-muscle-fibres-from-the-dynamin2-r465w-mouse-model-of-centronuclear-myopathy
#14
Candice Kutchukian, Peter Szentesi, Bruno Allard, Delphine Trochet, Maud Beuvin, Christine Berthier, Yves Tourneur, Pascale Guicheney, Laszlo Csernoch, Marc Bitoun, Vincent Jacquemond
KEY POINTS: Dynamin 2 is a ubiquitously expressed protein involved in membrane trafficking processes. Mutations in the gene encoding dynamin 2 are responsible for a congenital myopathy associated with centrally located nuclei in the muscle fibres. Using muscle fibres from a mouse model of the most common mutation responsible for this disease in humans, we tested whether altered Ca2+ signalling and excitation-contraction coupling contribute to muscle weakness. The plasma membrane network that carries the electrical excitation is moderately perturbed in the diseased muscle fibres...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971531/phenotype-variability-and-histopathological-findings-in-patients-with-a-novel-dnm2-mutation
#15
Shuyun Chen, Ping Huang, Yusen Qiu, Qian Zhou, Xiaobing Li, Min Zhu, Daojun Hong
Mutations of Dynamin 2 (DNM2) are responsible for several forms of neuromuscular disorder such as centronuclear myopathy, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) dominant intermediate type B, CMT 2M, and lethal congenital contracture syndrome 5. We describe a young man manifesting as length-dependent sensorimotor neuropathy with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, but his mother only had very mild symptoms of peripheral neuropathy. The electrophysiological data meet the criteria of intermediate CMT. The main pathological findings of sural nerve biopsy reveal a severe loss of large myelinating fibers and some clusters of regenerative fibers in fascicles, which are consistent with an axonal neuropathy...
February 2018: Neuropathology: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934386/expression-of-the-neuropathy-associated-mtmr2-gene-rescues-mtm1-associated-myopathy
#16
Matthieu A Raess, Belinda S Cowling, Dimitri L Bertazzi, Christine Kretz, Bruno Rinaldi, Jean-Marie Xuereb, Pascal Kessler, Norma B Romero, Bernard Payrastre, Sylvie Friant, Jocelyn Laporte
Myotubularins (MTMs) are active or dead phosphoinositides phosphatases defining a large protein family conserved through evolution and implicated in different neuromuscular diseases. Loss-of-function mutations in MTM1 cause the severe congenital myopathy called myotubular myopathy (or X-linked centronuclear myopathy) while mutations in the MTM1-related protein MTMR2 cause a recessive Charcot-Marie-Tooth peripheral neuropathy. Here we aimed to determine the functional specificity and redundancy of MTM1 and MTMR2, and to assess their abilities to compensate for a potential therapeutic strategy...
October 1, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872460/deficiency-in-kelch-protein-klhl31-causes-congenital-myopathy-in-mice
#17
James B Papizan, Glynnis A Garry, Svetlana Brezprozvannaya, John R McAnally, Rhonda Bassel-Duby, Ning Liu, Eric N Olson
Maintenance of muscle structure and function depends on the precise organization of contractile proteins into sarcomeres and coupling of the contractile apparatus to the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), which serves as the reservoir for calcium required for contraction. Several members of the Kelch superfamily of proteins, which modulate protein stability as substrate-specific adaptors for ubiquitination, have been implicated in sarcomere formation. The Kelch protein Klhl31 is expressed in a muscle-specific manner under control of the transcription factor MEF2...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818389/common-and-variable-clinical-histological-and-imaging-findings-of-recessive-ryr1-related-centronuclear-myopathy-patients
#18
Osorio Abath Neto, Cristiane de Araújo Martins Moreno, Edoardo Malfatti, Sandra Donkervoort, Johann Böhm, Júlio Brandão Guimarães, A Reghan Foley, Payam Mohassel, Jahannaz Dastgir, Diana Xerxes Bharucha-Goebel, Soledad Monges, Fabiana Lubieniecki, James Collins, Līvija Medne, Mariarita Santi, Sabrina Yum, Brenda Banwell, Emmanuelle Salort-Campana, John Rendu, Julien Fauré, Uluc Yis, Bruno Eymard, Chrystel Cheraud, Raphaël Schneider, Julie Thompson, Xaviere Lornage, Lilia Mesrob, Doris Lechner, Anne Boland, Jean-François Deleuze, Umbertina Conti Reed, Acary Souza Bulle Oliveira, Valérie Biancalana, Norma B Romero, Carsten G Bönnemann, Jocelyn Laporte, Edmar Zanoteli
Mutations in RYR1 give rise to diverse skeletal muscle phenotypes, ranging from classical central core disease to susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia. Next-generation sequencing has recently shown that RYR1 is implicated in a wide variety of additional myopathies, including centronuclear myopathy. In this work, we established an international cohort of 21 patients from 18 families with autosomal recessive RYR1-related centronuclear myopathy, to better define the clinical, imaging, and histological spectrum of this disorder...
November 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740838/a-rare-case-of-centronuclear-myopathy-with-dnm2-mutation-genotype-phenotype-correlation
#19
REVIEW
Amir Ghorbani Aghbolaghi, Mirna Lechpammer
Centronuclear myopathy (CNM) is a group of rare genetic muscle disorders characterized by muscle fibers with centrally located nuclei. The most common forms of CNM have been attributed to X-linked recessive mutations in the MTM1 gene; autosomal-dominant mutations in the DNM2 gene-encoding dynamin-2, the BIN1 gene; and autosomal-recessive mutations in BIN1, RYR1, and TTN genes. Dominant CNM due to DNM2 mutations usually follows a mild clinical course with the onset in adolescence. Currently, around 35 mutations of the DNM2 gene have been identified in CNM; however, the underlying molecular mechanism of DNM2 mutation in the pathology of CNM remains elusive, and the standard clinical characteristics have not yet been defined...
April 2017: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685322/affected-female-carriers-of-mtm1-mutations-display-a-wide-spectrum-of-clinical-and-pathological-involvement-delineating-diagnostic-clues
#20
Valérie Biancalana, Sophie Scheidecker, Marguerite Miguet, Annie Laquerrière, Norma B Romero, Tanya Stojkovic, Osorio Abath Neto, Sandra Mercier, Nicol Voermans, Laura Tanner, Curtis Rogers, Elisabeth Ollagnon-Roman, Helen Roper, Célia Boutte, Shay Ben-Shachar, Xavière Lornage, Nasim Vasli, Elise Schaefer, Pascal Laforet, Jean Pouget, Alexandre Moerman, Laurent Pasquier, Pascale Marcorelle, Armelle Magot, Benno Küsters, Nathalie Streichenberger, Christine Tranchant, Nicolas Dondaine, Raphael Schneider, Claire Gasnier, Nadège Calmels, Valérie Kremer, Karine Nguyen, Julie Perrier, Erik Jan Kamsteeg, Pierre Carlier, Robert-Yves Carlier, Julie Thompson, Anne Boland, Jean-François Deleuze, Michel Fardeau, Edmar Zanoteli, Bruno Eymard, Jocelyn Laporte
X-linked myotubular myopathy (XLMTM), a severe congenital myopathy, is caused by mutations in the MTM1 gene located on the X chromosome. A majority of affected males die in the early postnatal period, whereas female carriers are believed to be usually asymptomatic. Nevertheless, several affected females have been reported. To assess the phenotypic and pathological spectra of carrier females and to delineate diagnostic clues, we characterized 17 new unrelated affected females and performed a detailed comparison with previously reported cases at the clinical, muscle imaging, histological, ultrastructural and molecular levels...
July 6, 2017: Acta Neuropathologica
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