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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923241/-comparison-of-psychosomatic-rehabilitation-for-german-and-foreign-patients
#1
P Zollmann, V Pimmer, A D Rose, S Erbstößer
Aim: This study aims to comprehensively analyse the course of psychosomatic rehabilitation - from access to quantifiable rehabilitation outcomes. A comparison is made between 3 groups of patients: German citizens, patients of Turkish nationality or patients of foreign or unknown nationality. Methods: The data set used comprises routine data of the German Pension Insurance regarding psychosomatic rehabilitation from the so called Reha-Statistik-Database (RSD, database for rehabilitation statistics) over a period from 2007 to 2014...
December 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922591/re-assessment-of-net-energy-production-and-greenhouse-gas-emissions-avoidance-after-40-years-of-photovoltaics-development
#2
Atse Louwen, Wilfried G J H M van Sark, André P C Faaij, Ruud E I Schropp
Since the 1970s, installed solar photovoltaic capacity has grown tremendously to 230 gigawatt worldwide in 2015, with a growth rate between 1975 and 2015 of 45%. This rapid growth has led to concerns regarding the energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions of photovoltaics production. We present a review of 40 years of photovoltaics development, analysing the development of energy demand and greenhouse gas emissions associated with photovoltaics production. Here we show strong downward trends of environmental impact of photovoltaics production, following the experience curve law...
December 6, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921313/can-the-arts-get-under-the-skin-arts-and-cortisol-for-economically-disadvantaged-children
#3
Eleanor D Brown, Mallory L Garnett, Kate E Anderson, Jean-Philippe Laurenceau
This within-subjects experimental study investigated the influence of the arts on cortisol for economically disadvantaged children. Participants were 310 children, ages 3-5 years, who attended a Head Start preschool and were randomly assigned to participate in different schedules of arts and homeroom classes on different days of the week. Cortisol was sampled at morning baseline and after arts and homeroom classes on two different days at start, middle, and end of the year. For music, dance, and visual arts, grouped and separately, results of piecewise hierarchical linear modeling with time-varying predictors suggested cortisol was lower after an arts versus homeroom class at middle and end of the year but not start of the year...
December 6, 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921245/a-novel-method-for-preventing-surface-film-entrapment-of-water-fleas-and-its-application-for-toxicity-testing-with-heavy-metals
#4
Rongxue Cui, Jin Il Kwak, Youn-Joo An
Some water fleas such as Daphnia galeata and Bosmina longirostris are difficult to culture and use in ecotoxicity testing since they can easily become entrapped at the surface film. Cetyl alcohol was the most prevalent chemical used to prevent the entrapment of water fleas in previous studies. However, cetyl alcohol possesses a number of disadvantages including its toxicity and water insolubility. This study presents a novel method for preventing surface film entrapment of the water flea D. galeata and B. longirostris acute testing...
December 5, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921195/new-developments-in-the-pharmacodynamics-and-pharmacokinetics-of-combination-of-chinese-medicine-and-western-medicine
#5
REVIEW
Di Liu, Xiao-Chun Liang
It is very common to use Chinese medicine (CM) combined with Western medicine (WM) in clinical practice. The appropriate combination of CM with WM can reduce toxicity and enhance effects in order to make the best use of advantages and bypass the disadvantages. However, an inappropriate combination can not only affect the curative effect but even cause death. Therefore, strengthening the complementary advantages of the CM and WM to improve the therapeutic efficacy and reduce side effects has become an important research topic of clinical medicine and pharmacy...
December 5, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920399/anticoagulation-for-stroke-prevention-in-elderly-patients-with-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation-what-are-the-obstacles
#6
C W Wong
The elderly with atrial fibrillation are more prone to stroke. Oral anticoagulants such as warfarin are effective in the prevention of atrial fibrillation-associated stroke and systemic embolism. The CHADS2 or CHA2D2-VASc score and HAS-BLED score were developed to stratify stroke risk associated with atrial fibrillation and bleeding risk in a patient with atrial fibrillation, respectively, to facilitate the decision for and safe use of oral anticoagulant. Nonetheless, the decision for anticoagulation is not straightforward and the elderly with non-valvular atrial fibrillation are often precluded from anticoagulant prescription...
December 2016: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918977/young-children-but-not-chimpanzees-are-averse-to-disadvantageous-and-advantageous-inequities
#7
Julia Ulber, Katharina Hamann, Michael Tomasello
The age at which young children show an aversion to inequitable resource distributions, especially those favoring themselves, is unclear. It is also unclear whether great apes, as humans' nearest evolutionary relatives, have an aversion to inequitable resource distributions at all. Using a common methodology across species and child ages, the current two studies found that 3- and 4-year-old children (N=64) not only objected when they received less than a collaborative partner but also sacrificed to equalize when they received more...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918909/motivation-towards-extracurricular-activities-and-motivation-at-school-a-test-of-the-generalization-effect-hypothesis
#8
Anne-Sophie Denault, Frédéric Guay
Participation in extracurricular activities is a promising avenue for enhancing students' school motivation. Using self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000), the goal of this study was to test a serial multiple mediator model. In this model, students' perceptions of autonomy support from their extracurricular activity leader predicted their activity-based intrinsic and identified regulations. In turn, these regulations predicted their school-based intrinsic and identified regulations during the same school year...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918142/anodized-aluminum-oxide-templated-synthesis-of-metal-organic-frameworks-used-as-membrane-reactors
#9
Yifu Yu, Xue-Jun Wu, Meiting Zhao, Qinglang Ma, Junze Chen, Bo Chen, Melinda Sindoro, Jian Yang, Shikui Han, Qipeng Lu, Hua Zhang
The incorporation of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) into membrane-shaped architectures is of great importance for practical applications. The currently synthesized MOF-based membranes show many disadvantages, such as poor compatibility, low dispersity, and instability, which severely limit their utility. Herein, we present a general, facile, and robust approach for the synthesis of MOF-based composite membranes through the in situ growth of MOF plates in the channels of anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes...
December 5, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917968/innovations-in-food-preservation-in-pastoral-zones
#10
C Jans, D W Mulwa Kaindi, L Meile
Food preservation makes a significant contribution to food security and food safety in pastoral communities with limited access to external food sources. Raw materials are preserved by heating, drying, smoking, pickling, salting, curing or fermentation with microorganisms. This article describes preservation techniques in the pastoral context, targeting the major dietary components of milk, meat and cereals; related health risks; and potential innovations for food preservation. Sustainable elimination of pathogenic microorganisms, preventing re-contamination, sporulation and the growth of zoonotic and foodborne microorganisms, is necessary to enhance food safety and ensure food security by reducing post-harvest losses and food waste...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917377/incident-management-systems-are-essential-for-effective-coordination-of-large-disease-outbreaks-perspectives-from-the-coordination-of-the-ebola-outbreak-response-in-sierra-leone
#11
Olushayo Oluseun Olu, Margaret Lamunu, Alexander Chimbaru, Ayotunde Adegboyega, Ishata Conteh, Ngoy Nsenga, Noah Sempiira, Kande-Bure Kamara, Foday Mohamed Dafae
BACKGROUND: Response to the 2014-2015 Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in Sierra Leone overwhelmed the national capacity to contain it and necessitated a massive international response and strong coordination platform. Consequently, the Sierra Leone Government, with support of the international humanitarian community, established and implemented various models for national coordination of the outbreak. In this article, we review the strengths and limitations of the EVD outbreak response coordination systems in Sierra Leone and propose recommendations for improving coordination of similar outbreaks in the future...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917376/evaluation-of-an-intervention-to-improve-essential-obstetric-and-newborn-care-access-and-quality-in-cotopaxi-ecuador
#12
Edward Broughton, Jorge Hermida, Kathleen Hill, Nancy Sloan, Mario Chavez, Daniel Gonzalez, Juana Maria Freire, Ximena Gudino
BACKGROUND: Despite improvements in health-care utilization, disadvantages persist among rural, less educated, and indigenous populations in Ecuador. The United States Agency for International Development-funded Cotopaxi Project created a provincial-level network of health services, including community agents to improve access, quality, and coordination of essential obstetric and newborn care. We evaluated changes in participating facilities compared to non-participating controls. METHODS: The 21 poorest parishes (third-level administrative unit) in Cotopaxi were targeted from 2010 to 2013 for a collaborative health system performance improvement...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916132/multidimensional-liquid-phase-separations-combining-both-chromatography-and-electrophoresis-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Leila Ranjbar, Joe P Foley, Michael C Breadmore
Described as intrinsically powerful building blocks for two-dimensional separations by Giddings [Anal. Chem., 56 (1984) 1258A-1270A], the coupling of chromatography and electrophoresis has been proven to enhance the resolution of a wide array of molecules in complex biological, environmental and food samples. This review provides a comprehensive overview of multidimensional chromato-electrophoretic (LC - E) and electrophero-chromatographic (E - LC) separation systems from inception to the most recent published examples...
January 15, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916114/competitive-inhibition-assay-for-the-detection-of-progesterone-in-dairy-milk-using-a-fiber-optic-spr-biosensor
#14
D Daems, J Lu, F Delport, N Mariën, L Orbie, B Aernouts, I Adriaens, T Huybrechts, W Saeys, D Spasic, J Lammertyn
Analytical methods that are often used for the quantification of progesterone in bovine milk include immunoassays and chromatographic techniques. Depending on the selected method, the main disadvantages are the cost, time-to-result, labor intensity and usability as an automated at-line device. This paper reports for the first time on a robust and practical method to quantify small molecules, such as progesterone, in complex biological samples using an automated fiber optic surface plasmon resonance (FO-SPR) biosensor...
January 15, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916012/further-evidence-of-a-cumulative-effect-of-social-disadvantage-on-risk-of-psychosis
#15
S A Stilo, C Gayer-Anderson, S Beards, K Hubbard, A Onyejiaka, A Keraite, S Borges, V Mondelli, P Dazzan, C Pariante, M Di Forti, R M Murray, C Morgan
BACKGROUND: A growing body of evidence suggests that indicators of social disadvantage are associated with an increased risk of psychosis. However, only a few studies have specifically looked at cumulative effects and long-term associations. The aims of this study are: To compare the prevalence of specific indicators of social disadvantage at, and prior to, first contact with psychiatric services in patients suffering their first episode of psychosis and in a control sample. To explore long-term associations, cumulative effects, and direction of effects...
December 5, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914943/disadvantageous-decision-making-in-borderline-personality-disorder-partial-support-from-a-meta-analytic-review
#16
REVIEW
Christian Paret, Christine Jennen-Steinmetz, Christian Schmahl
To achieve long-term goals, organisms evaluate outcomes and expected consequences of their behaviors. Unfavorable decisions maintain many symptoms of borderline personality disorder (BPD); therefore, a better understanding of the mechanisms underlying decision-making in BPD is needed. In this review, the current literature comparing decision-making in patients with BPD versus healthy controls is analyzed. Twenty-eight empirical studies were identified through a structured literature search. The effect sizes from studies applying comparable experimental tasks were analyzed...
November 30, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914254/glycosaminoglycans-gags-and-gag-mimetics-regulate-the-behavior-of-stem-cell-differentiation
#17
REVIEW
Mengmeng Wang, Xiaoli Liu, Zhonglin Lyu, Hao Gu, Dan Li, Hong Chen
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are linear sulfated polysaccharides that exist in most mammalian cells. By undergoing conjugation with various proteins, GAGs play important roles in a variety of bioactivities, including promoting stem cell differentiation. However, they have their own intrinsic disadvantages that limit their further applications for cell therapy and tissue engineering. Therefore, more and more GAG-mimetic materials have been studied as natural GAG analogs for emerging applications. This review explains the mechanism of how GAGs regulate stem cell differentiation and elaborates on the current progress of the applications of GAG-based materials on regulating stem cell differentiation...
November 20, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913538/sickle-cell-disease-when-and-how-to-transfuse
#18
Jo Howard
Blood transfusion remains an important therapeutic intervention in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD), aiming to both increase the oxygen carrying capacity of blood and to reduce the complications of vaso-occlusion. Simple, manual exchange and automated exchange can be effective in reducing the acute and chronic complications of SCD, and the advantages and disadvantages of each methodology mean they all have a role in different situations. Evidence for the role of emergency transfusion in the management of the acute complications of SCD, including acute pain and acute chest syndrome, comes from observational data...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913502/mrd-in-aml-does-it-already-guide-therapy-decision-making
#19
Gert Ossenkoppele, Gerrit Jan Schuurhuis
Prognostic factors determined at diagnosis are predictive for outcome whereas achievement of morphological complete remission (CR) is still an important end point during treatment. Residual disease after therapy may reflect the sum of all diagnosis and postdiagnosis resistance mechanisms/factors; its measurement could hypothetically be very instrumental for guiding treatment. The possibility of defining residual disease (minimal residual disease [MRD]) far below the level of 5% blast cells is changing the landscape of risk classification...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913307/urothelium-adherent-ion-triggered-liposome-in-gel-system-as-a-platform-for-intravesical-drug-delivery
#20
Shruti GuhaSarkar, Prachi More, Rinti Banerjee
Instillations of therapeutic agents into the urinary bladder have limited efficacy due to drug washout and inadequate attachment to and penetration into the bladder wall. Instilled nanoparticles alone have low stability and high susceptibility to washout, while gel-based systems are difficult to administer and retain. To overcome disadvantages of current technologies, a biodegradable, in situ-gelling liposome-in-gel (LP-Gel) system was developed for instillation into the bladder, composed of nano-sized, fluidizing liposomes incorporated into a "smart" biopolymeric, urine-triggered hydrogel...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
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