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Circadian disruption

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794907/rai1-overexpression-promotes-altered-circadian-gene-expression-and-dyssomnia-in-potocki-lupski-syndrome
#1
Sureni V Mullegama, Joseph T Alaimo, Michael D Fountain, Brooke Burns, Amanda Hebert Balog, Li Chen, Sarah H Elsea
Retinoic acid induced 1 ( RAI1 ) encodes a dosage-sensitive gene that when haploinsufficient results in Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) and when overexpressed results in Potocki-Lupski syndrome (PTLS). Phenotypic and molecular evidence illustrates that haploinsufficiency of RAI1 disrupts circadian rhythm through the dysregulation of the master circadian regulator, circadian locomotor output cycles kaput ( CLOCK) , and other core circadian components, contributing to prominent sleep disturbances in SMS. However, the phenotypic and molecular characterization of sleep features in PTLS has not been elucidated...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791196/simulated-bacterial-infection-disrupts-the-circadian-fluctuation-of-immune-cells-in-wrinkle-lipped-bats-chaerephon-plicatus
#2
Philipp Weise, Gábor A Czirják, Oliver Lindecke, Sara Bumrungsri, Christian C Voigt
BACKGROUND: Leukocyte concentrations follow a circadian pattern in mammals, with elevated values at times of potential contact with pathogens and parasites. We hypothesized that this pattern is disturbed after an immune challenge. METHODS: In Thailand, we captured wrinkle-lipped bats (Chaerephon plicatus), when they returned to their colony at dawn. We challenged half of the animals (experimental group) with bacterial lipopolysaccharides and treated the others only with the carrier liquid (control group)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782347/the-diurnal-pattern-of-salivary-il-1%C3%AE-in-healthy-young-adults
#3
Nur Basirah Ghazali, Michael Steele, David Koh, Adi Idris
Disruption in circadian rhythm affects the production of inflammatory cytokines. Understanding how it behaves in diseased conditions is essential. Despite the role of the interleukin-1β (IL-1β), a potent inflammatory cytokine, in human diseases, little is known about the steady-state circadian rhythm of IL-1β in healthy individuals. This short study investigates the diurnal pattern of salivary IL-1β throughout the day in healthy young adults. Twelve participants provided saliva samples at various times throughout the day...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780783/implications-of-circadian-rhythm-in-dopamine-and-mood-regulation
#4
REVIEW
Jeongah Kim, Sangwon Jang, Han Kyoung Choe, Sooyoung Chung, Gi Hoon Son, Kyungjin Kim
Mammalian physiology and behavior are regulated by an internal time-keeping system, referred to as circadian rhythm. The circadian timing system has a hierarchical organization composed of the master clock in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) and local clocks in extra-SCN brain regions and peripheral organs. The circadian clock molecular mechanism involves a network of transcription-translation feedback loops. In addition to the clinical association between circadian rhythm disruption and mood disorders, recent studies have suggested a molecular link between mood regulation and circadian rhythm...
July 31, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780133/altered-glua1-gria1-function-and-accumbal-synaptic-plasticity-in-the-clock%C3%AE-19-model-of-bipolar-mania
#5
Puja K Parekh, Darius Becker-Krail, Poornima Sundaravelu, Shinsuke Ishigaki, Haruo Okado, Gen Sobue, Yanhua Huang, Colleen A McClung
BACKGROUND: Disruptions in circadian rhythms are associated with an increased risk for bipolar disorder. Moreover, studies show that the circadian protein CLOCK (circadian locomotor output cycles kaput) is involved in regulating monoaminergic systems and mood-related behavior. However, the molecular and synaptic mechanisms underlying this relationship remain poorly understood. METHODS: Using ex vivo whole-cell patch-clamp electrophysiology in ClockΔ19 mutant and wild-type mice we characterized alterations in excitatory synaptic transmission, strength, and intrinsic excitability of nucleus accumbens (NAc) neurons...
June 27, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775376/altered-circadian-feeding-behavior-and-improvement-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-obese-tac1-deficient-mice
#6
C A Maguire, S León, R S Carroll, U B Kaiser, V M Navarro
BACKGROUND: Metabolic function is regulated by the interplay of central and peripheral factors that ultimately regulate food intake and energy expenditure. The tachykinin substance P (SP) has been identified as a novel regulator of energy balance, however, the mechanisms underlying this effect are ill-defined and conflicting data regarding the role of SP on food intake have been reported by different groups. OBJECTIVE: To further characterize the metabolic role of the Tac1 gene products (SP and neurokinin A (NKA)) in mice through a series of genetic, metabolic and behavioral studies in Tac1 deficient mice...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775132/shift-work-that-involves-circadian-disruption-and-breast-cancer-a-first-application-of-chronobiological-theory-and-the-consequent-challenges
#7
Lin Fritschi, J Valérie Groß, Ursula Wild, Jane S Heyworth, Deborah C Glass, Thomas C Erren
OBJECTIVES: In 2007, the International Agency for Research on Cancer classified shift work involving circadian disruption (CD) as probably carcinogenic to humans. Circadian disruption could be conceptualised as the overlap of activity, such as work, with an individual's biological night. The latter can be approximated from a worker's chronotype (or morning/evening preference). Few previous studies have taken chronotype into account when assessing CD caused by shift work. Our objective was to test the hypothesis that women working during their biological night would be at increased risk of breast cancer...
August 3, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770538/night-shift-work-and-risk-of-breast-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Johnni Hansen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Night work is increasingly common and a necessity in certain sectors of the modern 24-h society. The embedded exposure to light-at-night, which suppresses the nocturnal hormone melatonin with oncostatic properties and circadian disruption, i.e., misalignment between internal and external night and between cells and organs, are suggested as main mechanisms involved in carcinogenesis. In 2007, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified shift work that involves circadian disruption as probably carcinogenic to humans based on limited evidence from eight epidemiologic studies on breast cancer, in addition to sufficient evidence from animal experiments...
August 2, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764741/the-role-of-melatonin-in-the-onset-and-progression-of-type-3-diabetes
#9
REVIEW
Juhyun Song, Daniel J Whitcomb, Byeong C Kim
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is defined by the excessive accumulation of toxic peptides, such as beta amyloid (Aβ) plaques and intracellular neurofibrillary tangles (NFT). The risk factors associated with AD include genetic mutations, aging, insulin resistance, and oxidative stress. To date, several studies that have demonstrated an association between AD and diabetes have revealed that the common risk factors include insulin resistance, sleep disturbances, blood brain barrier (BBB) disruption, and altered glucose homeostasis...
August 1, 2017: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763478/individual-differences-in-circadian-locomotor-parameters-correlate-with-anxiety-and-depression-like-behavior
#10
Jeffrey Anyan, Michael Verwey, Shimon Amir
Disrupted circadian rhythms are a core feature of mood and anxiety disorders. Circadian rhythms are coordinated by a light-entrainable master clock located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus. Animal models of mood and anxiety disorders often exhibit blunted rhythms in locomotor activity and clock gene expression. Interestingly, the changes in circadian rhythms correlate with mood-related behaviours. Although animal models of depression and anxiety exhibit aberrant circadian rhythms in physiology and behavior, it is possible that the methodology being used to induce the behavioral phenotype (e...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761937/allostatic-breakdown-of-cascading-homeostat-systems-a-computational-approach
#11
Alison Acevedo, Ioannis P Androulakis
Homeostasis posits that physiological systems compensate setpoint deviations in an attempt to maintain a state of internal constancy. Allostasis, on the other hand, suggests that physiological regulation is more appropriately described by predictive modulatory actions that, by adjusting setpoints, anticipate and react to changes in internal and external demand. In other words, "maintaining stability through change." The allostatic perspective enabled the rationalization of predictive and reactive homeostasis...
July 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759385/physical-activity-sedentary-behaviour-diet-and-cancer-an-update-and-emerging-new-evidence
#12
REVIEW
Jacqueline Kerr, Cheryl Anderson, Scott M Lippman
The lifestyle factors of physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and diet are increasingly being studied for their associations with cancer. Physical activity is inversely associated with and sedentary behaviour is positively (and independently) associated with an increased risk of more than ten types of cancer, including colorectal cancer (and advanced adenomas), endometrial cancers, and breast cancer. The most consistent dietary risk factor for premalignant and invasive breast cancer is alcohol, whether consumed during early or late adult life, even at low levels...
August 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759269/disrupted-circadian-rhythms-of-body-temperature-heart-rate-and-fasting-blood-glucose-in-prediabetes-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#13
D G Gubin, A A Nelaeva, A E Uzhakova, Y V Hasanova, G Cornelissen, D Weinert
We report a progressive disruption of 24-h rhythms in fasting blood glucose (FBG), body temperature (BT) and heart rate (HR) associated with metabolic dysfunction and the development of prediabetes (PD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in overweight middle-aged (40-69 years old) humans. Increasing BT and HR mean values and declining 24-h BT and HR amplitudes accompany adverse changes in metabolic state. Increased nocturnal BT and a phase delay of the 24-h BT rhythm, deviant 24-h HR profile and a phase advance of the 24-h HR and FBG rhythms are early signs of the PD metabolic state...
July 31, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754901/scheduled-feeding-restores-memory-and-modulates-c-fos-expression-in-the-suprachiasmatic-nucleus-and-septohippocampal-complex
#14
Norman F Ruby, Nathan Fisher, Danica F Patton, Matthew J Paul, Fabian Fernandez, H Craig Heller
Disruptions in circadian timing impair spatial memory in humans and rodents. Circadian-arrhythmic Siberian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus) exhibit substantial deficits in spatial working memory as assessed by a spontaneous alternation (SA) task. The present study found that daily scheduled feeding rescued spatial memory deficits in these arrhythmic animals. Improvements in memory persisted for at least 3 weeks after the arrhythmic hamsters were switched back to ad libitum feeding. During ad libitum feeding, locomotor activity resumed its arrhythmic state, but performance on the SA task varied across the day with a peak in daily performance that corresponded to the previous daily window of food anticipation...
July 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744188/circadian-metabolomics-in-time-and-space
#15
REVIEW
Kenneth A Dyar, Kristin L Eckel-Mahan
Circadian rhythms are widely known to govern human health and disease, but specific pathogenic mechanisms linking circadian disruption to metabolic diseases are just beginning to come to light. This is thanks in part to the development and application of various "omics"-based tools in biology and medicine. Current high-throughput technologies allow for the simultaneous monitoring of multiple dynamic cellular events over time, ranging from gene expression to metabolite abundance and sub-cellular localization...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743872/social-jetlag-and-metabolic-control-in-non-communicable-chronic-diseases-a-study-addressing-different-obesity-statuses
#16
Maria Carliana Mota, Catarina Mendes Silva, Laura Cristina Tibiletti Balieiro, Walid Makin Fahmy, Cibele Aparecida Crispim
Social jetlag - a measure of disruption of the circadian system - has been linked to obesity, but its association with metabolic complications in non-communicable chronic diseases (NCCDs) is unknown in the literature. We examined the associations between social jetlag and obesity status and metabolic parameters among individuals with NCCDs. Patients (n = 792) with NCCDs (obesity, systemic arterial hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus or dyslipidaemia) attended clinics of the public health service of the city of Uberlândia, Minas Gerais State, Brazil...
July 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736261/genetic-disruption-of-the-cardiomyocyte-circadian-clock-differentially-influences-insulin-mediated-processes-in-the-heart
#17
Graham R McGinnis, Yawen Tang, Rachel A Brewer, Manoja K Brahma, Haley L Stanley, Gobinath Shanmugam, Namakkal Soorappan Rajasekaran, Glenn C Rowe, Stuart J Frank, Adam R Wende, E Dale Abel, Heinrich Taegtmeyer, Silvio Litovsky, Victor Darley-Usmar, Jianhua Zhang, John C Chatham, Martin E Young
Cardiovascular physiology exhibits time-of-day-dependent oscillations, which are mediated by both extrinsic (e.g., environment/behavior) and intrinsic (e.g., circadian clock) factors. Disruption of circadian rhythms negatively affects multiple cardiometabolic parameters. Recent studies suggest that the cardiomyocyte circadian clock directly modulates responsiveness of the heart to metabolic stimuli (e.g., fatty acids) and stresses (e.g., ischemia/reperfusion). The aim of this study was to determine whether genetic disruption of the cardiomyocyte circadian clock impacts insulin-regulated pathways in the heart...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733238/circadian-regulation-of-caterpillar-feeding-and-growth
#18
Agnieszka Suszczynska, Magdalena Maria Kaniewska, Piotr Bebas, Jadwiga Maria Giebultowicz, Joanna Kotwica-Rolinska
Circadian clocks orchestrate many physiological processes in adult organisms. For example, rhythmic feeding behavior is regulated by the central clock in the nervous system in coordination with metabolic rhythms, which in turn depend mostly on peripheral clocks localized in many tissues. Disruption of the circadian clock leads to metabolic dysregulation both in mammals and in the model insect Drosophila melanogaster. Circadian coordination of feeding and metabolism has been studied mainly in adult insects and not in larval stages, which are dramatically different from adults in species with complete full metamorphosis...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730970/healthy-diet-and-reduction-of-chronic-disease-risks-of-night-shift-workers
#19
Giovanni M Ferri, Domenica Cavone, Graziana Intranuovo, Linda Macinagrossa
BACKGROUND: The large increase in epidemiological studies on night shift work is due to the important effects of night shift work on workers' health and psychophysical wellbeing. The short-term effects-insomnia, difficulties in managing work and private life, lower work performance, and more work and extra-work accidents-are easily studied. However, there are several long-term effects that are difficult to study because of the need for detailed exposure assessment and the long latency periods of these diseases...
July 20, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730830/preventive-effect-of-l-carnitine-on-the-disorder-of-lipid-metabolism-and-circadian-cclock-of-mice-subjected-to-chronic-jet-lag
#20
X Xie, A Guo, T Wu, Q Hu, L Huang, C Yao, B Zhao, W Zhang, B Chi, P Lu, Z Zhao, Z Fu
Circadian clock plays an essential role in orchestrating daily physiology, and its disruption can evoke metabolic diseases such as obesity. L-Carnitine can reduce blood lipid levels, and ameliorate fatty liver through regulating lipid metabolism. However, whether L-Carnitine administration may affect the disturbance of lipid metabolism and circadian rhythm of mice induced by prolonged circadian disruption is still unknown. Herein, we investigated the effects of L-Carnitine on conditions of circadian clock and lipid metabolism through a chronic jet-lag mice model which was developed by reversing12 h light/12 h dark cycle every 4 days for a continuous 12 weeks...
July 18, 2017: Physiological Research
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