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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640528/evaluation-of-a-novel-metal-organic-framework-as-an-adsorbent-for-the-extraction-of-multiclass-pesticides-from-coconut-palm-cocos-nucifera-l-an-analytical-approach-using-matrix-solid-phase-dispersion-and-liquid-chromatography
#1
Jemmyson Romário de Jesus, Kaline Amaral Wanderley, Severino Alves Júnior, Sandro Navickiene
We report the synthesis, characterization, and application of [Zn(1,4-benzenedicarboxylate)(H2 O)2 ]n , Zn(1,4-benzenedicarboxylate)0.99 (NH2 -1,4-benzenedicarboxylate)0.01 (H2 O)2 ]n , [Zn(1,4-benzenedicarboxylate)0.95 (NH2 -1,4-benzenedicarboxylate)0.05 (H2 O)2 ]n and [Zn(1,4-benzenedicarboxylate)0.9 (NH2 -1,4-benzenedicarboxylate)0.1 (H2 O)2 ]n as sorbents for the extraction of multiclass pesticides from coconut palm. Liquid chromatography with ultraviolet diode array detection was used as the analysis technique, and the experiments were performed at one fortification level (0...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638832/the-response-of-macro-and-micronutrient-nutrient-status-and-biochemical-processes-in-rats-fed-on-a-diet-with-selenium-enriched-defatted-rapeseed-and-or-vitamin-e-supplementation
#2
Michaela Rýdlová, Karolína Růnová, Jiřina Száková, Alena Fučíková, Anna Hakenová, Petr Mlejnek, Václav Zídek, Jana Tremlová, Oto Mestek, Antonín Kaňa, Jarmila Zídková, Magdalena Melčová, Klára Truhlářová, Pavel Tlustoš
The response of nutrient status and biochemical processes in (i) Wistar and (ii) spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) rats upon dietary intake of selenium- (Se-) enriched defatted rapeseed (DRS) and/or vitamin E fortification was examined to assess the health benefit of DRS in animal nutrition. Twenty-four individuals of each type of rat were used: The control group was fed with an untreated diet (Diet A). In Diets B and C, soybean meal was replaced with defatted DRS, which comprised 14% of the total diet. The selenized DRS application resulted in ~3-fold increase of Se content in the diet...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637531/minimising-generation-of-acid-whey-during-greek-yoghurt-manufacturing
#3
Gangani Uduwerella, Jayani Chandrapala, Todor Vasiljevic
Greek yoghurt, a popular dairy product, generates large amounts of acid whey as a by-product during manufacturing. Post-processing treatment of this stream presents one of the main concerns for the industry. The objective of this study was to manipulate initial milk total solids content (15, 20 or 23 g/100 g) by addition of milk protein concentrate, thus reducing whey expulsion. Such an adjustment was investigated from the technological standpoint including starter culture performance, chemical and physical properties of manufactured Greek yoghurt and generated acid whey...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634850/novel-vitamin-b12-producing-enterococcus-spp-and-preliminary-in-vitro-evaluation-of-probiotic-potentials
#4
Ping Li, Qing Gu, Yuejiao Wang, Yue Yu, Lanlan Yang, Jieyan V Chen
Vitamin B12 is an essential nutrient required for crucial metabolic processes in humans. Vitamin B12-producing lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have been attracting increased attentions currently because of the generally recognized as safe (GRAS) status. Most of recent studies focused on Lactobacillus, and little is known about B12-producing Enterococcus. In the present study, five Enterococcus strains isolated from infant feces were identified as vitamin B12 producers. Among them, Enterococcus faecium LZ86 had the highest B12 production (499...
June 20, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632783/transient-effects-of-transfusion-and-feeding-advances-volumetric-and-caloric-on-necrotizing-enterocolitis-development-a-case-crossover-study
#5
Vi T Le, Mark A Klebanoff, Maria M Talavera, Jonathan L Slaughter
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the short-term effects of feed fortification, feed volume increase, and PRBC transfusion on the odds of developing NEC. STUDY DESIGN: Case-crossover study of neonatal intensive care infants born at ≤ 32 weeks' gestation who were admitted to 5 central Ohio intensive care units from January 2012-July 2016 and developed NEC Bell Stage ≥2. Each patient served as their own control, with exposure during the 48-hour period just prior to NEC onset (hazard period) being compared to a preceding 48-hour control period, thus eliminating confounding by patient factors fixed between both intervals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629176/fortifying-horticultural-crops-with-essential-amino-acids-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Guoping Wang, Mengyun Xu, Wenyi Wang, Gad Galili
To feed the world's growing population, increasing the yield of crops is not the only important factor, improving crop quality is also important, and it presents a significant challenge. Among the important crops, horticultural crops (particularly fruits and vegetables) provide numerous health compounds, such as vitamins, antioxidants, and amino acids. Essential amino acids are those that cannot be produced by the organism and, therefore, must be obtained from diet, particularly from meat, eggs, and milk, as well as a variety of plants...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624520/dissecting-the-chloroplast-proteome-of-chickpea-cicer-arietinum-l-provides-new-insights-into-classical-and-non-classical-functions
#7
Nilesh Vikram Lande, Pratigya Subba, Pragya Barua, Dipak Gayen, T S Keshava Prasad, Subhra Chakraborty, Niranjan Chakraborty
Chloroplast, the energy organelle unique to plant cells, is a dynamic entity which integrates an array of metabolic pathways and serves as first level for energy conversion for the entire ecological hierarchy. Increasing amount of sequence data and evolution of mass spectrometric approaches has opened up new avenues for opportune exploration of the global proteome of this organelle. In our study, we aimed at generation of a comprehensive catalogue of chloroplast proteins in a grain legume, chickpea and provided a reference proteome map...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612338/nutritional-rickets-and-osteomalacia-in-the-twenty-first-century-revised-concepts-public-health-and-prevention-strategies
#8
REVIEW
Suma Uday, Wolfgang Högler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nutritional rickets and osteomalacia are common in dark-skinned and migrant populations. Their global incidence is rising due to changing population demographics, failing prevention policies and missing implementation strategies. The calcium deprivation spectrum has hypocalcaemic (seizures, tetany and dilated cardiomyopathy) and late hypophosphataemic (rickets, osteomalacia and muscle weakness) complications. This article reviews sustainable prevention strategies and identifies areas for future research...
June 13, 2017: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607212/macronutrients-in-breastmilk-of-mothers-of-preterm-infants
#9
Shiwani Mahajan, Deepak Chawla, Jasbinder Kaur, Suksham Jain
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the variability in macronutrient and energy content of breastmilk of Indian women delivering at ≤34 weeks of gestation. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, samples of breastmilk expressed manually for feeding of preterm neonates were collected from 106 mothers at 3±1 (n=26), 7±2 (n=34), 14±2 (n=24), 21±3 (n=12) and 28±3 (n=10) days after birth. Protein, fat and carbohydrate content were estimated and total energy content was calculated...
June 4, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603716/optimizing-nutrition-in-preterm-low-birth-weight-infants-consensus-summary
#10
REVIEW
R Kishore Kumar, Atul Singhal, Umesh Vaidya, Saswata Banerjee, Fahmina Anwar, Shashidhar Rao
Preterm birth survivors are at a higher risk of growth and developmental disabilities compared to their term counterparts. Development of strategies to lower the complications of preterm birth forms the rising need of the hour. Appropriate nutrition is essential for the growth and development of preterm infants. Early administration of optimal nutrition to preterm birth survivors lowers the risk of adverse health outcomes and improves cognition in adulthood. A group of neonatologists, pediatricians, and nutrition experts convened to discuss and frame evidence-based recommendations for optimizing nutrition in preterm low birth weight (LBW) infants...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592572/impact-of-iron-fortification-on-the-geospatial-patterns-of-malaria-and-non-malaria-infection-risk-among-young-children-a-secondary-spatial-analysis-of-clinical-trial-data-from-ghana
#11
Ashley M Aimone, Patrick Brown, Seth Owusu-Agyei, Stanley H Zlotkin, Donald C Cole
OBJECTIVES: Patterns of infection among children with varying levels of iron status in a malaria endemic area may vary spatially in ways requiring integrated infection and iron deficiency control programmes. The objective of this secondary analysis was to determine the geospatial factors associated with malaria and non-malaria infection status among young Ghanaian children at the end of a 5-month iron intervention trial. DESIGN: Cluster-randomised controlled trial...
June 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592513/iron-zinc-folate-and-vitamin-b-12-status-increased-among-women-and-children-in-yaound%C3%A3-and-douala-cameroon-1-year-after-introducing-fortified-wheat-flour
#12
Reina Engle-Stone, Martin Nankap, Alex O Ndjebayi, Lindsay H Allen, Setareh Shahab-Ferdows, Daniela Hampel, David W Killilea, Marie-Madeleine Gimou, Lisa A Houghton, Avital Friedman, Ann Tarini, Rosemary A Stamm, Kenneth H Brown
Background: Few data are available on the effectiveness of large-scale food fortification programs.Objective: We assessed the impact of mandatory wheat flour fortification on micronutrient status in Yaoundé and Douala, Cameroon.Methods: We conducted representative surveys 2 y before and 1 y after the introduction of fortified wheat flour. In each survey, 10 households were selected within each of the same 30 clusters (n = ∼300 households). Indicators of inflammation, malaria, anemia, and micronutrient status [plasma ferritin, soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR), zinc, folate, and vitamin B-12] were assessed among women aged 15-49 y and children 12-59 mo of age...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587068/genetic-variants-involved-in-one-carbon-metabolism-polymorphism-frequencies-and-differences-in-homocysteine-concentrations-in-the-folic-acid-fortification-era
#13
Josiane Steluti, Aline M Carvalho, Antonio A F Carioca, Andreia Miranda, Gilka J F Gattás, Regina M Fisberg, Dirce M Marchioni
Folate and other B vitamins are essential co-factors of one-carbon metabolism, and genetic variants, such as polymorphisms, can alter the metabolism. Furthermore, the adoption of food fortification with folic acid showed a decrease of homocysteine concentration. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequencies of the polymorphisms of enzymes and carrier proteins involved in one-carbon metabolism, and to evaluate homocysteine concentrations in the presence of these genetic variants in a population exposed to mandatory food fortification with folic acid...
May 25, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582819/the-influence-of-mandatory-iodine-fortification-on-the-iodine-status-of-australian-school-children-residing-in-an-iodine-sufficient-region
#14
Anna J Samidurai, Robert S Ware, Peter Sw Davies
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To counter emerging iodine deficiency mandatory iodine fortification of bread was introduced throughout Australia in 2009. This study investigated the impact of iodine fortification on the iodine status of school aged children living in the iodine replete state of Queensland, and investigated which foods had greatest influence on overall iodine status. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A convenience sample of 30 children aged 8.0-10.9 years living in south east Queensland, Australia, provided spot morning and afternoon urine samples on two consecutive days...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576365/influence-of-soy-fortification-on-microbial-diversity-during-cassava-fermentation-and-subsequent-physicochemical-characteristics-of-garri
#15
Ndidiamaka Nnenaya Ahaotu, Amarachukwu Anyogu, Promiselynda Obioha, Lawrence Aririatu, Vincent Ifeanyi Ibekwe, Solomon Oranusi, Jane P Sutherland, Labia Irene Ivette Ouoba
This study investigated the influence of the addition of soy products on the microbiology, nutritional and physico-chemical characteristics of garri, a fermented cassava product. Malted soy flour (MSF) and soy protein (SP) were separately added (12% w/w) to cassava mash prior to controlled fermentation, while non-supplemented cassava mash served as a control. Identification of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and aerobic mesophilic bacteria was accomplished by repetitive sequence based (rep)-PCR analysis and 16S rRNA gene sequencing...
September 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559621/physico-chemical-microstructural-and-rheological-properties-of-camel-milk-yogurt-as-enhanced-by-microbial-transglutaminase
#16
Nagwa H I Abou-Soliman, Sally S Sakr, Sameh Awad
Camel milk produces watery texture when it is processed to yogurt. Despite the extensive studies on microbial transglutaminase (MTGase) in dairy research, the effect of this enzyme on the properties of yogurt made from camel milk has not been studied. This study aims to investigate the impact of MTGase with and without bovine skimmed milk powder (SMP), whey protein concentrate (WPC),or β-lactoglobulin (β-lg) on physico-chemical, rheological, microstructural, and sensory properties of camel-milk yogurt during 15 days of storage period...
May 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553376/two-cases-of-craniospinal-rachischisis-totalis-role-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-diagnosis-and-review-of-neural-tube-defects-in-the-indian-context-with-implications-for-folate-fortification
#17
Deepasree Jaganmohan, Prema Subramaniam, Nagarajan Krishnan, Preetam Mahajan
Craniospinal rachischisis is a rare and severe form of neural tube defects (NTDs), which is always fatal. It is characterized by anencephaly accompanied by a bony defect of the spine and exposure of neural tissue. We describe the two patients with ultrasonographic and magnetic resonance imaging appearance of craniospinal rachischisis totalis, detected antenatally at 22 and 25 weeks of gestation, and confirmed after termination of pregnancy. The multifactorial etiology of NTDs, with specific reference to folate deficiency, is discussed with possible role of folate fortification in the Indian context...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551266/characterization-of-extracellular-vitamin-b12-producing-lactobacillus-plantarum-strains-and-assessment-of-the-probiotic-potentials
#18
Ping Li, Qing Gu, Lanlan Yang, Yue Yu, Yuejiao Wang
We investigated extracellular vitamin B12-producing Lactobacillus strains and their characteristics in tolerance to environmental stresses, gastric acid and bile salts. Two isolates, Lactobacillus plantarum LZ95 and CY2, showed high extracellular B12 production, 98±15μg/L and 60±9μg/L respectively. Extracellular B12 from LZ95 were identified as adenosylcobalamin and methylcobalamin using a combination of solid phase extraction and reverse-phase HPLC, while that from CY2 was adenosylcobalamin. Both strains grew under environmental stresses, and LZ95 exhibited better tolerance to low temperature and high ethanol concentration...
November 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546437/characterization-of-thermostable-cam-rubisco-activase-reveals-a-rubisco-interacting-surface-loop
#19
Devendra Shivhare, Oliver Mueller-Cajar
In order to maintain metabolic flux through the Calvin-Benson-Bassham (CBB) cycle in higher plants, dead-end inhibited complexes of ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) must constantly be engaged and remodeled by the molecular chaperone Rubisco activase (Rca). In C3 plants the thermolability of Rca is responsible for the deactivation of Rubisco and reduction of photosynthesis at moderately elevated temperatures. We reasoned that CAM plants must possess thermostable Rca to support CBB flux during the day when stomata are closed...
May 25, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542653/-folate-and-pregnancy-current-concepts-it-is-required-folic-acid-supplementation
#20
Erika Castaño, Raúl Piñuñuri, Sandra Hirsch, Ana María Ronco
Folate intake during pregnancy is essential for an adequate fetal and placental development and for the long time health of the individual. Its deficiency may induce fetal pathologies, including neural tube disease (NTD). Therefore, several countries implemented public policies to fortify foods with folic acid (FA). Chile started the fortification of wheat flour with FA in the year 2000, decreasing a 43% the prevalence of NTD. However, despite the high consumption of bread (the main fortified food with FA) by our population, a high number of pregnant women consume FA supplements, thus, over passing the maximal recommended FA intake...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
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