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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534456/effects-of-folic-acid-fortification-on-orofacial-clefts-prevalence-a-meta-analysis
#1
Natalia Millacura, Rosa Pardo, Lucia Cifuentes, José Suazo
OBJECTIVE: Orofacial clefts (OFC) are the most prevalent craniofacial birth defect. Folic acid (FA) supplementation has been demonstrated as an effective intervention to reduce risk of OFC occurrence. However, the effect of mandatory FA fortification of wheat and/or maize flour on OFC prevalence has shown controversial results among countries adopting this policy. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis to synthesize the available evidence evaluating the global impact of this mandatory policy on OFC occurrence...
May 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531099/vitamin-a-status-of-women-and-children-in-yaound%C3%A3-and-douala-cameroon-is-unchanged-one-year-after-initiation-of-a-national-vitamin-a-oil-fortification-program
#2
Reina Engle-Stone, Martin Nankap, Alex Ndjebayi, Marie-Madeleine Gimou, Avital Friedman, Marjorie J Haskell, Ann Tarini, Kenneth H Brown
Vitamin A (VA) fortification of cooking oil is considered a cost-effective strategy for increasing VA status, but few large-scale programs have been evaluated. We conducted representative surveys in Yaoundé and Douala, Cameroon, 2 years before and 1 year after the introduction of a mandatory national program to fortify cooking oil with VA. In each survey, 10 different households were selected within each of the same 30 clusters (n = ~300). Malaria infection and plasma indicators of inflammation and VA (retinol-binding protein, pRBP) status were assessed among women aged 15-49 years and children aged 12-59 months, and casual breast milk samples were collected for VA and fat measurements...
May 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530603/modelling-of-the-effect-of-selenium-fertilization-on-the-content-of-bioactive-compounds-in-broccoli-heads
#3
Andrea Mahn
Selenium (Se) exerts many effects beneficial to health. Broccoli is a Se-hyperaccumulator plant, with Se-fertilization increasing its potential as a functional food. We studied the effect of dose, and the developmental stage at the beginning of Se-fortification, on antioxidant capacity, phenolics, glucosinolates, sulphoraphane, Se-methyl selenocysteine and myrosinase in broccoli. Se-fortification decreased the antioxidant properties and sulphur-containing compounds, but increased Se-methyl-selenocysteine content...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523125/fat-soluble-vitamin-intake-from-the-consumption-of-food-fortified-food-and-supplements-design-and-methods-of-the-belgian-vitadek-study
#4
Isabelle Moyersoen, Stefaan Demarest, Karin De Ridder, Jean Tafforeau, Carl Lachat, John Van Camp
BACKGROUND: The adequacy of micronutrient intake is a public health concern, as both insufficient and excessive intake levels may result in adverse health effects. Data on dietary intake are needed to evaluate potential problems regarding inadequate intake at population level and to formulate effective public health and food safety recommendations. Assessing the intake of micronutrients in population subgroups such as infants, toddlers, pregnant and lactating women is challenging and requires specific approaches...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514854/a-new-approach-for-the-synthesis-of-nano-zirconia-fortified-microcapsules
#5
Chia-Chen Li, Dzu-How Yu, Shinn-Jen Chang, Jia-Wei Chen
Robust poly(urea-formaldehyde) (PUF) microcapsules with composite shells comprising zirconia (ZrO2) nanopowder incorporated in PUF were fabricated via a novel and facile one-pot synthesis. ZrO2 nanopowder was chosen because it owns one of the highest mechanical strength among ceramics. The nanopowder was pre-dispersed in the core material to combine encapsulation and fortification into a single process. In the core, the well-dispersed nanopowder migrated to the interface, where PUF polymerization took place...
May 17, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503169/cytotoxicity-intestinal-transport-and-bioavailability-of-dispersible-iron-and-zinc-supplements
#6
Hyeon-Jin Kim, Song-Hwa Bae, Hyoung-Jun Kim, Kyoung-Min Kim, Jae Ho Song, Mi-Ran Go, Jin Yu, Jae-Min Oh, Soo-Jin Choi
Iron or zinc deficiency is one of the most important nutritional disorders which causes health problem. However, food fortification with minerals often induces unacceptable organoleptic changes during preparation process and storage, has low bioavailability and solubility, and is expensive. Nanotechnology surface modification to obtain novel characteristics can be a useful tool to overcome these problems. In this study, the efficacy and potential toxicity of dispersible Fe or Zn supplement coated in dextrin and glycerides (SunActive Fe(TM) and SunActive Zn(TM)) were evaluated in terms of cytotoxicity, intestinal transport, and bioavailability, as compared with each counterpart without coating, ferric pyrophosphate (FePP) and zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs), respectively...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500624/temporal-trends-for-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-tsh-and-thyroid-peroxidase-antibody-atpo-testing-across-two-phases-of-iodine-fortification-in-tasmania-1995-2013
#7
A Hong, B Stokes, P Otahal, D Owens, J R Burgess
CONTEXT: Tasmania is an island State of the Australian Commonwealth with a well-documented history of mild iodine deficiency. Between 2001 and 2009 Tasmania experienced two incremental phases of iodine fortification. OBJECTIVE: To examine trends for thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and thyroid peroxidase antibody (ATPO) testing and their relationship to different phases of iodine nutrition in the Tasmanian population between 1995 and 2013. DESIGN: Retrospective longitudinal study...
May 13, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498489/application-of-edible-films-containing-oregano-origanum-vulgare-essential-oil-on-queso-blanco-cheese-prepared-with-flaxseed-linum-usitatissimum-oil
#8
Cristhiam Gurdian, Alexander Chouljenko, Kevin Mis Solval, Charles Boeneke, Joan M King, Subramaniam Sathivel
Fortification of queso blanco (QB) with flaxseed oil (FO) containing omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids may provide a functional food with health benefits such as improved cell, brain, and retina functionality, and protection against cardiovascular and immune-inflammatory diseases. However, QB experiences a short shelf life because of the early development of yeasts and molds and addition of FO may increase susceptibility to lipid oxidation. Oregano essential oil (OEO) is known for its antimicrobial and antioxidant properties, but due to its intense flavor compounds it may not be suitable for direct incorporation into QB...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490678/implications-of-us-nutrition-facts-label-changes-on-micronutrient-density-of-fortified-foods-and-supplements
#9
Michael I McBurney, Sonia Hartunian-Sowa, Nathan V Matusheski
The US FDA published new nutrition-labeling regulations in May 2016. For the first time since the implementation of the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990, the Daily Value (DV) for most vitamins will change, as will the units of measurement used in nutrition labeling for some vitamins. For some food categories, the Reference Amounts Customarily Consumed (RACCs) will increase to reflect portions commonly consumed on a single occasion. These regulatory changes are now effective, and product label changes will be mandatory beginning 26 July 2018...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490516/the-positive-impact-of-general-vitamin-d-food-fortification-policy-on-vitamin-d-status-in-a-representative-adult-finnish-population-evidence-from-an-11-y-follow-up-based-on-standardized-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-data
#10
Tuija Jääskeläinen, Suvi T Itkonen, Annamari Lundqvist, Maijaliisa Erkkola, Tapani Koskela, Kaisa Lakkala, Kirsten G Dowling, George Lj Hull, Heikki Kröger, Jaro Karppinen, Eero Kyllönen, Tommi Härkänen, Kevin D Cashman, Satu Männistö, Christel Lamberg-Allardt
Background: A systematic vitamin D fortification of fluid milk products and fat spreads was started in 2003 in Finland to improve vitamin D status. Objective: We investigated the effects of the vitamin D fortification policy on vitamin D status in Finland between 2000 and 2011.Design: Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [S-25(OH)D] concentrations of a nationally representative sample comprising 6134 and 4051 adults aged ≥30 y from the Health 2000 and Health 2011 surveys, respectively, were standardized according to the Vitamin D Standardization Program with the use of liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490239/components-of-successful-staple-food-fortification-programs-lessons-from-latin-america
#11
Reynaldo Martorell, Daniel López de Romaña
BACKGROUND: There are few effectiveness evaluations of food fortification programs, and little is known about what makes programs successful. OBJECTIVE: We examined 3 food fortification programs in Latin America to identify common features that might explain their success and to draw lessons for program design and implementation everywhere: The vitamin A fortification of sugar in Guatemala with impact on vitamin A status of the population, the fortification of a basket of foods with iron and other micronutrients in Costa Rica with impact on iron status and anemia in women and children, and the fortification of wheat flour with folic acid in Chile, which reduced the incidence of neural tube defects...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488686/an-overview-of-folate-status-in-a-population-based-study-from-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil-and-the-potential-impact-of-10-years-of-national-folic-acid-fortification-policy
#12
J Steluti, J Selhub, L Paul, C Reginaldo, R M Fisberg, D M L Marchioni
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Food fortification is an important strategy in public health policy for controlling micronutrient malnutrition and a major contributing factor in the eradication of micronutrients' deficiencies. Approximately 50 countries worldwide have adopted food fortification with folic acid (FA). FA fortification of wheat and maize flours has been mandatory in Brazil since 2004. To assess the effect of 10 years of FA food fortification policy on folate status of residents of São Palo, Brazil using a population-based survey...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485441/fibre-fortification-of-wheat-bread-impact-on-mineral-composition-and-bioaccessibility
#13
Zita E Martins, Edgar Pinto, Agostinho A Almeida, Olívia Pinho, Isabel M P L V O Ferreira
In this work, wheat bread was fortified with fibre enriched extracts recovered from agroindustry by-products, namely, elderberry skin, pulp and seeds (EE); orange peel (OE); pomegranate peel and interior membranes (PE); and spent yeast (YE). The impact of this fortification on the total and bioaccessible mineral composition of wheat breads, estimated mineral daily intake, and the relationship between bioaccessibility and dietary fibre was evaluated. Fortification with OE, EE, and PE improved the content of essential minerals in bread when compared to control bread...
May 9, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481882/vitamin-d-supplementation-and-growth-in-urban-mongol-school-children-results-from-two-randomized-clinical-trials
#14
Davaasambuu Ganmaa, Jennifer J Stuart, Nyamjav Sumberzul, Boldbaatar Ninjin, Edward Giovannucci, Ken Kleinman, Michael F Holick, Walter C Willett, Lindsay A Frazier, Janet W Rich-Edwards
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic vitamin D deficiency is associated with slowed growth in children. It is unknown whether vitamin D repletion in children with asymptomatic serum vitamin D deficiency can restore normal growth. OBJECTIVE: We tested the impact of vitamin D-supplementation on serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and short-term growth in Mongol children, with very low serum vitamin D levels in winter. DESIGN: We conducted two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials in urban school age children without clinical signs of rickets...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477405/multilaboratory-validation-of-first-action-method-2016-04-for-determination-of-four-arsenic-species-in-fruit-juice-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-inductively-coupled-plasma-mass-spectrometry
#15
Kevin Kubachka, Douglas T Heitkemper, Sean Conklin
Before being designated AOAC First Action Official Method(SM) 2016.04, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s method, EAM 4.10 High Performance Liquid Chromatography–Inductively Coupled Plasma–Mass Spectrometric Determination of Four Arsenic Species in Fruit Juice, underwent both a single-laboratory validation and a multilaboratory validation (MLV) study. Three federal and five state regulatory laboratories participated in the MLV study, which is the primary focus of this manuscript. The method was validated for inorganic arsenic (iAs) measured as the sum of the two iAs species arsenite [As(III)] and arsenate [As(V)], dimethylarsinic acid (DMA), and monomethylarsonic acid (MMA) by analyses of 13 juice samples, including three apple juice, three apple juice concentrate, four grape juice, and three pear juice samples...
May 5, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474867/the-response-of-coagulation-and-anti-coagulant-factors-of-elite-athletes-following-acute-resistance-and-high-intensity-interval-exercises
#16
Sedigheh Karampour, Abbas A Gaeini
BACKGROUND: Blood coagulation and fibrinolysis include two vital physiological systems, which are regulated by a balance between activators and inhibitors. The aim of this study is to survey the response of coagulation and anticoagulant factors following acute resistance and high intensity interval exercises. METHODS: This is an experimental study. The statistical sample was an elite group of karate males (aged 22.10±2.76 years, height 175.80±5.43 cm, mass 74...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462729/nutritional-aspects-of-commercially-prepared-infant-foods-in-developed-countries-a-narrative-review
#17
Kate Maslin, Carina Venter
Nutritional intake during infancy is a critical aspect of child development and health that is of significant public health concern. Although there is extensive research on breast-feeding and timing of solid food introduction, there is less evidence on types of solid foods fed to infants, specifically commercially prepared infant foods. The consumption of commercially prepared infant foods is very prevalent in many developed countries, exceeding the consumption of homemade foods in some situations. Although these food products may have practical advantages, there are concerns about their nutritional composition, sweet taste, bioavailability of micronutrients, diversity of ingredients and long-term health effects...
May 2, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457128/matrix-extension-and-multilaboratory-validation-of-arsenic-speciation-method-eam-%C3%A2-4-10-to-include-wine
#18
Courtney K Tanabe, Helene Hopfer, Susan E Ebeler, Jenny Nelson, Sean D Conklin, Kevin M Kubachka, Robert A Wilson
A multilaboratory validation (MLV) was performed to extend the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) analytical method Elemental Analysis Manual (EAM) §4.10, High Performance Liquid Chromatography-Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometric Determination of Four Arsenic Species in Fruit Juice, to include wine. Several method modifications were examined to optimize the method for the analysis of dimethylarsinic acid, monomethylarsonic acid, arsenate (AsV), and arsenite (AsIII) in various wine matrices with a range of ethanol concentrations by liquid chromatography-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452291/bioavailability-of-iron-multi-amino-acid-chelate-preparation-in-mice-and-human-duodenal-hutu-80-cells
#19
Naroa Kajarabille, Catriona Brown, Anamaria Cucliciu, Gita Thapaliya, Gladys O Latunde-Dada
Strategies for preventing Fe deficiency include Fe supplementation and Fe fortification of foods. The absorption, metabolism and chemical characteristics of Fe multi-amino acid chelate (IMAAC) are not known. Absorption of IMAAC was compared with FeSO4 in Fe-depleted mice and in vitro chemical studies of the Fe supplement was performed in HuTu 80 cells. Hb repletion study was carried out in Fe-deficient CD1 mice that were fed for 10 d a diet supplemented with ferrous IMAAC or FeSO4. A control group of Fe-replete mice was fed a diet with adequate Fe concentrations throughout the study...
March 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449690/daily-home-fortification-with-iron-as-ferrous-fumarate-versus-nafeedta-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-non-inferiority-trial-in-kenyan-children
#20
Emily M Teshome, Pauline E A Andang'o, Victor Osoti, Sofie R Terwel, Walter Otieno, Ayşe Y Demir, Andrew M Prentice, Hans Verhoef
BACKGROUND: We aimed to show the non-inferiority of home fortification with a daily dose of 3 mg iron in the form of iron as ferric sodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate (NaFeEDTA) compared with 12.5 mg iron as encapsulated ferrous fumarate in Kenyan children aged 12-36 months. In addition, we updated a recent meta-analysis to assess the efficacy of home fortification with iron-containing powders, with a view to examining diversity in trial results. METHODS: We gave chemoprevention by dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine, albendazole and praziquantel to 338 afebrile children with haemoglobin concentration ≥70 g/L...
April 28, 2017: BMC Medicine
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