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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805738/vibroacoustic-impact-on-the-architectonic-heritage-when-using-replicas-of-16th-century-weapons
#1
Angel Tomas Lloret, Sandra Sendra, Jaime Lloret, Romina Del Rey, Miguel Louis Cereceda
The recreation of historical battles next to old buildings, walls, churches, fortifications or historical facades belonging to the historical heritage of a city, has always been a source of controversy and discussion. In the absence of a clear legislation about how these buildings can be affected by the use of blunderbusses and pyrotechnics, it is necessary to carry out practical experiments to test the effect of these celebrations on these buildings. For this reason, this paper presents a set of practical experiments where the vibroacoustic effect of using weapons such as blunderbusses and harquebuses is analyzed...
August 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800117/iron-fortification-of-lentil-lens-culinaris-medik-to-address-iron-deficiency
#2
Rajib Podder, Bunyamin Tar'an, Robert T Tyler, Carol J Henry, Diane M DellaValle, Albert Vandenberg
Iron (Fe) deficiency is a major human health concern in areas of the world in which diets are often Fe deficient. In the current study, we aimed to identify appropriate methods and optimal dosage for Fe fortification of lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) dal with FeSO₄·7H₂O (ferrous sulphate hepta-hydrate), NaFeEDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid iron (III) sodium salt) and FeSO₄·H₂O (ferrous sulphate mono-hydrate). We used a colorimetric method to determine the appearance of the dal fortified with fortificants at different Fe concentrations and under different storage conditions...
August 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800115/intake-of-fat-soluble-vitamins-in-the-belgian-population-adequacy-and-contribution-of-foods-fortified-foods-and-supplements
#3
Isabelle Moyersoen, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Arnold Dekkers, Karin de Ridder, Jean Tafforeau, John van Camp, Herman van Oyen, Carl Lachat
A key challenge of public health nutrition is to provide the majority of the population with a sufficient level of micronutrients while preventing high-consumers from exceeding the tolerable upper intake level. Data of the 2014 Belgian food consumption survey (n = 3200) were used to assess fat-soluble vitamin (vitamins A, D, E and K) intake from the consumption of foods, fortified foods and supplements. This study revealed inadequate intakes for vitamin A, from all sources, in the entire Belgian population and possible inadequacies for vitamin D...
August 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797054/large-scale-wheat-flour-folic-acid-fortification-program-increases-plasma-folate-levels-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-urban-tanzania
#4
Ramadhani A Noor, Ajibola I Abioye, Nzovu Ulenga, Salum Msham, George Kaishozi, Nilupa S Gunaratna, Ramadhani Mwiru, Erin Smith, Christina Nyhus Dhillon, Donna Spiegelman, Wafaie Fawzi
There is widespread vitamin and mineral deficiency problem in Tanzania with known deficiencies of at least vitamin A, iron, folate and zinc, resulting in lasting negative consequences especially on maternal health, cognitive development and thus the nation's economic potential. Folate deficiency is associated with significant adverse health effects among women of reproductive age, including a higher risk of neural tube defects. Several countries, including Tanzania, have implemented mandatory fortification of wheat and maize flour but evidence on the effectiveness of these programs in developing countries remains limited...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796381/fortification-of-wheat-bread-with-agroindustry-by-products-statistical-methods-for-sensory-preference-evaluation-and-correlation-with-color-and-crumb-structure
#5
Z E Martins, O Pinho, I M P L V O Ferreira
The use of agroindustry by-products (BP) for fortification of wheat bread can be an alternative to waste disposal because BP are appealing sources of dietary fiber. Moreover, it may also contribute to indirect income generation. In this study, sensory, color, and crumb structure properties of breads fortified with fiber rich fraction recovered from four types of agroindustry BP were tested, namely orange (OE), pomegranate (PE), elderberry (EE), and spent yeast (YE). Statistical models for sensory preference evaluation and correlation with color and crumb structure were developed...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789730/iodine-status-of-postpartum-women-and-their-infants-in-australia-after-the-introduction-of-mandatory-iodine-fortification
#6
Dao Huynh, Dominique Condo, Robert Gibson, Beverly Muhlhausler, Philip Ryan, Sheila Skeaff, Maria Makrides, Shao J Zhou
Mandatory I fortification in bread was introduced in Australia in 2009 in response to the re-emergence of biochemical I deficiency based on median urinary I concentration (UIC)<100 µg/l. Data on the I status of lactating mothers and their infants in Australia are scarce. The primary aim of this study was to assess the I status, determined by UIC and breast milk I concentration (BMIC), of breast-feeding mothers in South Australia and UIC of their infants. The secondary aim was to assess the relationship between the I status of mothers and their infants...
June 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780690/engineered-silica-nanoparticles-alleviate-the-detrimental-effects-of-na-stress-on-germination-and-growth-of-common-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris
#7
Abdullah H Alsaeedi, Hassan El-Ramady, Tarek Alshaal, Mohamed El-Garawani, Nevien Elhawat, Mahdi Almohsen
During the past 10 years, exploiting engineered nanoparticles in agricultural sector has been rapidly increased. Nanoparticles are used to increase the productivity of different crops particularly under biotic and abiotic stresses. This study aims to test the ability of nanosilica (NS) to ameliorate the detrimental impact of Na(+) with different concentrations on the seed germination and the growth of common bean seedlings. Five doses of Na(+) have been prepared from NaCl, i.e., 1000, 2000, 3000, 4000, and 5000 mg L(-1), and distilled water was applied as a control...
August 5, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777664/human-based-human-milk-fortifier-as-rescue-therapy-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-demonstrating-intolerance-to-bovine-based-human-milk-fortifier
#8
Amanjot Sandhu, Sharla Fast, Kari Bonnar, Ronald John Baier, Michael Narvey
OBJECTIVE: To describe the results of utilizing a human milk-based human milk fortifier (HMHMF) as rescue therapy to meet nutritional requirements in very low birth weight and preterm infants demonstrating feeding intolerance to bovine-based human milk fortifier (BHMF) in the Canadian Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: At two Level III NICUs in Winnipeg, MB, Canada, a rescue protocol was implemented to provide HMHMF for infants demonstrating intolerance to BHMF...
August 4, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774885/prebiotic-galacto-oligosaccharides-mitigate-the-adverse-effects-of-iron-fortification-on-the-gut-microbiome-a-randomised-controlled-study-in-kenyan-infants
#9
Daniela Paganini, Mary A Uyoga, Guus A M Kortman, Colin I Cercamondi, Diego Moretti, Tanja Barth-Jaeggi, Clarissa Schwab, Jos Boekhorst, Harro M Timmerman, Christophe Lacroix, Simon Karanja, Michael B Zimmermann
OBJECTIVE: Iron-containing micronutrient powders (MNPs) reduce anaemia in African infants, but the current high iron dose (12.5 mg/day) may decrease gut Bifidobacteriaceae and Lactobacillaceae, and increase enteropathogens, diarrhoea and respiratory tract infections (RTIs). We evaluated the efficacy and safety of a new MNP formula with prebiotic galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) combined with a low dose (5 mg/day) of highly bioavailable iron. DESIGN: In a 4-month, controlled, double-blind trial, we randomised Kenyan infants aged 6...
August 3, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774551/24-epibrassinolide-alleviates-organic-pollutants-retarded-root-elongation-by-promoting-redox-homeostasis-and-secondary-metabolism-in-cucumis-sativus-l
#10
Golam Jalal Ahammed, Bei-Bei He, Xiang-Jie Qian, Yan-Hong Zhou, Kai Shi, Jie Zhou, Jing-Quan Yu, Xiao-Jian Xia
Environmental pollution by organic pollutants (OPs) has become a global concern due to its detrimental effects on the environment and human health. As plants are used to remediate contaminated sites, understanding the responses of plants to various OPs and fortification of plant tolerance are of great significance. In this work, we studied the biochemical and molecular responses of cucumber plants to three well-known OPs, 2,4,6-trichlorophenol, chlorpyrifos and oxytetracycline in the absence or presence of 24-epibrassinolide (EBR), a potent regulator of plant growth and stress tolerance...
July 31, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760007/double-fortified-salt-intervention-improved-iron-intake-but-not-energy-and-other-nutrient-intakes-in-female-tea-plantation-workers-from-west-bengal-india
#11
Sudha Venkatramanan, Grace Marquis, Lynnette Neufeld, Michael Wenger, Laura Murray-Kolb, Gregory Reinhart, Jere Haas
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency is a global public health concern and has implications on the health status of women in reproductive age. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that improving iron intake with double fortified salt would improve food intake, resulting in higher energy, nutrient intakes, and weight indicators of female tea plantation workers. METHODS: In this randomized double-masked study, the participants (n = 245) were assigned to receive salt double fortified with iron and iodine (DFS; treatment) or salt fortified with iodine (control) and followed for 7...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754020/in-situ-%C3%AE-glucan-fortification-of-cereal-based-matrices-by-pediococcus-parvulus-2-6-technological-aspects-and-prebiotic-potential
#12
Adrián Pérez-Ramos, María Luz Mohedano, Paloma López, Giuseppe Spano, Daniela Fiocco, Pasquale Russo, Vittorio Capozzi
Bacterial exopolysaccharides produced by lactic acid bacteria are of increasing interest in the food industry, since they might enhance the technological and functional properties of some edible matrices. In this work, Pediococcus parvulus 2.6, which produces an O2-substituted (1,3)-β-d-glucan exopolysaccharide only synthesised by bacteria, was proposed as a starter culture for the production of three cereal-based fermented foods. The obtained fermented matrices were naturally bio-fortified in microbial β-glucans, and used to investigate the prebiotic potential of the bacterial exopolysaccharide by analysing the impact on the survival of a probiotic Lactobacillus plantarum strain under starvation and gastrointestinal simulated conditions...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753958/iron-in-micronutrient-powder-promotes-an-unfavorable-gut-microbiota-in-kenyan-infants
#13
Minghua Tang, Daniel N Frank, Audrey E Hendricks, Diana Ir, Fabian Esamai, Edward Liechty, K Michael Hambidge, Nancy F Krebs
Iron supplementation may have adverse health effects in infants, probably through manipulation of the gut microbiome. Previous research in low-resource settings have focused primarily on anemic infants. This was a double blind, randomized, controlled trial of home fortification comparing multiple micronutrient powder (MNP) with and without iron. Six-month-old, non- or mildly anemic, predominantly-breastfed Kenyan infants in a rural malaria-endemic area were randomized to consume: (1) MNP containing 12.5 mg iron (MNP+Fe, n = 13); (2) MNP containing no iron (MNP-Fe, n = 13); or (3) Placebo (CONTROL, n = 7), from 6-9 months of age...
July 19, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749825/a-fortified-donor-milk-policy-is-associated-with-improved-in-hospital-head-growth-and-weight-gain-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#14
Gemma Ginovart, Ignasi Gich, Antonio Gutiérrez, Sergio Verd
BACKGROUND: Previous research has reported that infants fed donor milk grow slower than those fed formula. However, most of the trials used unfortified donor milk, which limits the ability to generalize the results to current clinical practice. PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of early human milk feeding (donor milk and/or mother's own milk) with standard fortification on in-hospital growth of very low-birth-weight infants. METHODS: This pre-/postretrospective study included selected newborn infants less than 1500 g admitted to a level IV neonatal intensive care unit before and after the introduction of a policy providing donor milk when mother's own milk was not available in sufficient quantity to meet her infant's need...
August 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749486/milestones-and-controversies-in-maternal-and-child-health-examining-a-brief-history-of-micronutrient-fortification-in-the-us
#15
A Deavenport-Saman, A Britt, K Smith, R A Jacobs
Fortification of our food and drinking supply has decreased morbidity rates related to micronutrient deficiencies among mothers and their children, particularly during the perinatal and neonatal periods of development. The purpose of this historical review is to examine the impact of public policy changes related to micronutrient fortification. We provide a historical investigation of achievements and controversies related to iodine, vitamin D, fluoride and folic acid fortifications in our food and drinking supply...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748002/high-levels-of-circulating-folate-concentrations-are-associated-with-dna-methylation-of-tumor-suppressor-and-repair-genes-p16-mlh1-and-mgmt-in-elderly-chileans
#16
Hugo Sanchez, Mohammad B Hossain, Lydia Lera, Sandra Hirsch, Cecilia Albala, Ricardo Uauy, Karin Broberg, Ana M Ronco
BACKGROUND: Changes in DNA methylation, one of the most studied epigenetic mechanisms, are considered an initial marker for early cancer detection. We evaluated how availability of dietary factors (folates and vitamin B12) involved in one-carbon metabolism may contribute to DNA methylation changes of cancer-related genes in human subjects. METHODS: We studied, by pyrosequencing, the methylation of tumor suppressor gene p16, DNA repair genes MLH1 and MGMT, and the repetitive element LINE-1 (as a surrogate for global DNA methylation), in blood of elderly individuals (n = 249) who had been exposed to folic acid (FA) through FA-fortified wheat flour during the last 12 years...
2017: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742343/stability-of-sodium-chlorate-residues-in-frozen-tomato-and-cantaloupe-homogenates
#17
David J Smith, Grant R Herges
The objective of this study was to determine the stability of sodium chlorate in frozen (-24 °C) tomato or cantaloupe homogenates for up to 17 weeks (119 days). Chlorate stability was assessed by ultraperformance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) at two fortification levels (80 or 600 ng/g for tomato and 200 or 3000 ng/g for cantaloupe, n = 3 each) for each fruit after storage for 0, 1, 7, 14, 28, 56, or 119 d. Within matrix type, chlorate recovery was determined by fortifying duplicate blank homogenate samples on the day of analysis with the same concentrations used for the stability samples...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742214/association-of-combined-gif290t-c-heterozygous-mutation-fut2-secretor-variant-with-neural-tube-defects
#18
R M Guéant-Rodriguez, C Chery, B-M Fofou-Caillierez, J Voirin, B Foliguet, T Josse, D Tramoy, F François, J-L Guéant
Folate and vitamin B12 are needed for the proper embryo-fetal development possibly through their interacting role in the one-carbon metabolism. Folate fortification reduces the prevalence of complex birth defects, and more specifically neural tube defects (NTD). GIF and FUT2 are two genes associated with the uptake and blood level of vitamin B12. We evaluated GIF and FUT2 as predictors of severe birth defects, in 181 aborted fetuses compared to 375 healthy newborns. The GIF290C allele frequency was estimated to 0...
July 25, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737142/prevention-and-treatment-of-vitamin-d-and-calcium-deficiency-in-children-and-adolescents-indian-academy-of-pediatrics-iap-guidelines
#19
Anuradha Khadilkar, Vaman Khadilkar, Jagdish Chinnappa, Narendra Rathi, Rajesh Khadgawat, S Balasubramanian, Bakul Parekh, Pramod Jog
JUSTIFICATION: Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is being increasingly reported from India from all age-groups. Reports suggest that VDD affects all age groups, from neonates to adolescents. Further, habitually low calcium intakes are also reported in Indian children. Given the multiple guidelines, peculiarities of Indian circumstances, changing lifestyles, and lack of fortification, the Indian Academy of Pediatrics (IAP) felt the need for a Practice Guideline for Pediatricians for the prevention and treatment of vitamin D and calcium deficiency in children and adolescents...
July 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734349/integrated-preservation-and-sample-clean-up-procedures-for-studying-water-ingestion-by-recreational-swimmers-via-urinary-biomarker-determination
#20
Ricardo Cantú, Jody A Shoemaker, Catherine A Kelty, Larry J Wymer, Thomas D Behymer, Alfred P Dufour, Matthew L Magnuson
The use of cyanuric acid as a biomarker for ingestion of swimming pool water may lead to quantitative knowledge of the volume of water ingested during swimming, contributing to a better understanding of disease resulting from ingestion of environmental contaminants. When swimming pool water containing chlorinated cyanurates is inadvertently ingested, cyanuric acid is excreted quantitatively within 24 h as a urinary biomarker of ingestion. Because the volume of water ingested can be quantitatively estimated by calculation from the concentration of cyanuric acid in 24 h urine samples, a procedure for preservation, cleanup, and analysis of cyanuric acid was developed to meet the logistical demands of large scale studies...
August 22, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
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