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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343459/a-retrospective-analysis-of-a-societal-experiment-among-the-danish-population-suggests-that-exposure-to-extra-doses-of-vitamin-a-during-fetal-development-may-lower-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-t2dm-risk-later-in-life
#1
Amélie Keller, Lars Ängquist, Ramune Jacobsen, Allan Vaag, Berit L Heitmann
Vitamin A deficiency has been associated with impaired fetal pancreatic development and increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In 1962, mandatory margarine fortification with vitamin A was increased by 25 % in Denmark. We aimed to determine whether offspring of mothers who had been exposed to the extra vitamin A from fortification during pregnancy had a lower risk of developing T2DM in adult life, compared with offspring of mothers exposed to less vitamin A. Individuals from birth cohorts with the higher prenatal vitamin A exposure (born 1 December 1962-31 March 1964) and those with lower prenatal exposure (born 1 September 1959-31 December 1960) were followed up with regard to development of T2DM before 31 December 2012 in the Danish National Diabetes Registry and National Patient Register...
March 27, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342603/invited-review-the-anti-inflammatory-properties-of-dairy-lipids
#2
R Lordan, I Zabetakis
Dairy product consumption is often associated with negative effects because of its naturally high levels of saturated fatty acids. However, recent research has shown that dairy lipids possess putative bioactivity against chronic inflammation. Inflammation triggers the onset of several chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, obesity, and cancer. This review discusses the anti-inflammatory properties of dairy lipids found in milk, yogurt, and cheese, and it examines them in relation to their implications for human health: their protective effects and their role in pathology...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339536/successful-nutrition-policy-improvement-of-vitamin-d-intake-and-status-in-finnish-adults-over-the-last-decade
#3
Susanna Raulio, Iris Erlund, Satu Männistö, Sirpa Sarlio-Lähteenkorva, Jouko Sundvall, Heli Tapanainen, Erkki Vartiainen, Suvi M Virtanen
Due to vitamin D intake below recommendation (10 µg/day) and low (<50 nmol/l) serum 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25(OH)D) concentration in Finnish population, the fortification of liquid dairy products with 0.5 µg vitamin D/100 g and fat spreads with 10 µg/100 g started in Finland in December 2002. In 2010, the fortification recommendation was doubled. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the vitamin D intake and status have improved among Finnish adults as a consequence of these nutrition policy actions...
October 6, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337185/food-like-growth-conditions-support-production-of-active-vitamin-b12-by-propionibacterium-freudenreichii-2067-without-dmbi-the-lower-ligand-base-or-cobalt-supplementation
#4
Paulina Deptula, Bhawani Chamlagain, Minnamari Edelmann, Panchanit Sangsuwan, Tuula A Nyman, Kirsi Savijoki, Vieno Piironen, Pekka Varmanen
Propionibacterium freudenreichii is a traditional dairy bacterium and a producer of short chain fatty acids (propionic and acetic acids) as well as vitamin B12. In food applications, it is a promising organism for in situ fortification with B12 vitamin since it is generally recognized as safe (GRAS) and it is able to synthesize biologically active form of the vitamin. In the present study, vitamin B12 and pseudovitamin biosynthesis by P. freudenreichii was monitored by UHPLC as a function of growth in food-like conditions using a medium mimicking cheese environment, without cobalt or 5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole (DMBI) supplementation...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331096/comprehensive-transcriptome-analyses-reveal-that-potato-spindle-tuber-viroid-triggers-genome-wide-changes-in-alternative-splicing-inducible-trans-acting-activity-of-phasirnas-and-immune-responses
#5
Yi Zheng, Ying Wang, Biao Ding, Zhangjun Fei
Many pathogens express non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) during infection processes. In the most extreme case, pathogenic ncRNAs alone (such as viroids) can infect eukaryotic organisms leading to diseases. While a few of pathogenic ncRNAs have been implicated in regulating gene expression, functions of most pathogenic ncRNAs in host-pathogen interactions remain unclear. Here we employ potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTVd)-infecting tomato as a system to dissect host interactions with pathogenic ncRNAs, using comprehensive transcriptome analyses...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315893/ying-yang-bao-improving-complementary-feeding-for-chinese-infants-in-poor-regions
#6
Junsheng Huo
Ying Yang Bao (YYB), a complementary food supplement, has helped to rapidly improve the nutrition status of infants and young children in poor rural regions in China. The first YYB study was performed in 2001 by the International Life Sciences Institute, the Chinese Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Nestlé. In 2008, the establishment of national standards for complementary food supplements stimulated implementation of about 15 nutrition intervention projects in poor rural counties in which YYB was applied to infants and young children as home fortification for complementary feeding...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315892/fortification-of-complementary-foods-a-review-of-products-and-program-delivery
#7
Lynnette M Neufeld, Saskia J M Osendarp, Wendy Gonzalez
Fortified complementary foods (FCF) and home fortificants - single-sachet micronutrient powders (MNP) or small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) to be added to a child's food immediately before consumption - have been shown to be efficacious to improve the micronutrient status and some functional outcomes in children 6-23 months of age. The objective of this chapter is to describe and discuss the latest advances related to the composition and delivery of FCF products, including home and commercial fortification...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303038/nutritional-properties-of-green-gram-germinated-in-mineral-fortified-soak-water-i-effect-of-dehulling-on-total-and-bioaccessible-nutrients-and-bioactive-components
#8
Morteza Oghbaei, Jamuna Prakash
The study aimed at investigating the effect of germinating green gram (Vigna radiata, GG) in mineral fortified soak water on total and bioaccessible nutrients and bioactive components in whole and dehulled GG. Whole GG was soaked in water fortified with iron (100 or 200 mg/100 ml) or zinc (50 or 100 mg/100 ml), germinated and a portion was dehulled. Whole and dehulled grains were analyzed for selected total and in vitro digestible/bioaccessible constituents. GG germinated in water served as controls. GG germinated in mineral fortified soak water had high iron and zinc content in whole and dehulled grains...
March 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298392/total-folate-and-unmetabolized-folic-acid-in-the-breast-milk-of-a-cross-section-of-canadian-women
#9
Rachael Page, André Robichaud, Tye E Arbuckle, William D Fraser, Amanda J MacFarlane
Background: Folate requirements increase during pregnancy and lactation. It is recommended that women who could become pregnant, are pregnant, or are lactating consume a folic acid (FA)-containing supplement.Objectives: We sought to determine breast-milk total folate and unmetabolized folic acid (UMFA) contents and their relation with FA-supplement use and doses in a cohort of Canadian mothers who were enrolled in the MIREC (Maternal-Infant Research on Environmental Chemicals) study.Design: Breast-milk tetrahydrofolate (THF), 5-methyl-THF, 5-formyl-THF, 5,10-methenyl-THF, and UMFA were measured with the use of liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (n = 561)...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295919/interplay-between-siderophores-and-colibactin-genotoxin-in-escherichia-coli
#10
Patricia Martin, Sophie Tronnet, Christophe Garcie, Eric Oswald
Highly pathogenic Escherichia coli strains that belong to the phylogenetic group B2 have developed a greater ability to acquire iron (heme receptor and numerous siderophores), to produce the genotoxin colibactin and to synthesize antimicrobial siderophore-microcins. There is an increased prevalence of these E. coli strains over the last 30 years in the intestinal microbiota in industrialized countries. Integrating the regulation of fitness/virulence factors, such as siderophores, colibactin and siderophore-microcins into networks that respond to specific environmental signals, such as the local iron concentration, could result in an accurate production of specific fitness/virulence factors, so that the E...
March 14, 2017: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290369/effect-of-different-iron-compounds-on-rheological-and-technological-parameters-as-well-as-bioaccessibility-of-minerals-in-whole-wheat-bread
#11
Ana Paula Rebellato, Jéssica Bussi, Joyce Grazielle Siqueira Silva, Ralf Greiner, Caroline Joy Steel, Juliana Azevedo Lima Pallone
This study aimed at investigating the effect of iron compounds used in whole wheat flour (WWF) fortification, both on rheological properties of the dough and on bread technological quality. Furthermore, bioaccessibility of iron (Fe), zinc (Zn) and calcium (Ca) in the final breads was determined. Rheological properties (mainly dough development time, stability, mixing tolerance index, resistance to extension and ratio number) of the dough and the technological quality of bread (mainly oven spring and cut opening) were altered...
April 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290320/effects-of-ph-temperature-and-pulsed-electric-fields-on-the-turbidity-and-protein-aggregation-of-ovomucin-depleted-egg-white
#12
Ya-Fei Liu, Indrawati Oey, Phil Bremer, Alan Carne, Pat Silcock
The effect of either pulsed electric fields (PEF) or thermal processing on protein aggregation of ovomucin-depleted egg white (OdEW) solutions at different pH was assessed by solution turbidity and SDS-PAGE. Heating to 60°C for 10min caused marked protein aggregation of OdEW at pH5, 7, and 9. At constant electric field strength (E=1.4-1.8kV/cm), PEF processing under high specific energy input (Wspec=260-700kJ/kg) induced some protein aggregation at pH5 and 7, but not at either pH4 or 9. Similar effects of pH on protein aggregation were observed upon PEF processing at varied E (from 0...
January 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282932/iodine-and-selenium-intakes-of-postmenopausal-women-in-new-zealand
#13
Louise Brough, Caroline A Gunn, Janet L Weber, Jane Coad, Ying Jin, Jasmine S Thomson, Mathilde Mauze, Marlena C Kruger
Iodine and selenium are required for thyroid function. This study investigated iodine and selenium intakes in healthy, women aged 50-70 years (n = 97) from three cities in the North Island of New Zealand, after mandatory fortification of bread with iodised salt. Iodine and selenium concentrations were determined in 24-h urine samples; daily intakes were extrapolated from amounts in urine (90% and 55% of daily intake, respectively). Three day diet diaries (3DDD) also estimated selenium and iodine (excluding iodised salt) intake...
March 9, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282701/vitamin-a-supplementation-for-preventing-morbidity-and-mortality-in-children-from-six-months-to-five-years-of-age
#14
REVIEW
Aamer Imdad, Evan Mayo-Wilson, Kurt Herzer, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is a major public health problem in low- and middle-income countries, affecting 190 million children under five years of age and leading to many adverse health consequences, including death. Based on prior evidence and a previous version of this review, the World Health Organization has continued to recommend vitamin A supplementation for children aged 6 to 59 months. There are new data available from recently published randomised trials since the previous publication of this review in 2010, and this update incorporates this information and reviews the evidence...
March 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275128/home-fortification-during-the-first-1000-d-improves-child-development-in-bangladesh-a-cluster-randomized-effectiveness-trial
#15
Susana L Matias, Malay K Mridha, Fahmida Tofail, Charles D Arnold, Md Showkat A Khan, Zakia Siddiqui, Md Barkat Ullah, Kathryn G Dewey
Background: Nutrition during the first 1000 d is critical for brain development.Objective: We evaluated the effects on child development of home fortification with lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNSs) for mothers and/or children or micronutrient powder (MNP) for children.Design: We conducted a cluster-randomized effectiveness trial with 4 arms: 1) LNSs during pregnancy and the first 6 mo postpartum and LNSs for the offspring from 6 to 24 mo (LNS-LNS), 2) iron and folic acid (IFA) during pregnancy and the first 3 mo postpartum and LNSs for the children from 6 to 24 mo (IFA-LNS), 3) IFA (as above) and MNP for the offspring from 6 to 24 mo (IFA-MNP), and 4) IFA (as above) and no child supplement (IFA-Control)...
March 8, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275125/lipid-based-nutrient-supplementation-in-the-first-1000-d-improves-child-growth-in-bangladesh-a-cluster-randomized-effectiveness-trial
#16
Kathryn G Dewey, Malay K Mridha, Susana L Matias, Charles D Arnold, Joseph R Cummins, Md Showkat Ali Khan, Zeina Maalouf-Manasseh, Zakia Siddiqui, Md Barkat Ullah, Stephen A Vosti
Background: Stunting in linear growth occurs mainly during the first 1000 d, from conception through 24 mo of age. Despite the recognition of this critical period, there have been few evaluations of the growth impact of interventions that cover most of this window.Objective: We evaluated home fortification approaches for preventing maternal and child undernutrition within a community-based health program. We hypothesized that small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNSs) provided to women during pregnancy and the first 6 mo postpartum, LNSs provided to their offspring from 6 to 24 mo of age, or both would result in greater child length-for-age z score (LAZ) at 24 mo than iron and folic acid (IFA) provided to women during pregnancy and postpartum plus micronutrient powder (MNP) or no supplementation for their offspring from 6 to 24 mo...
March 8, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273872/voluntary-folic-acid-fortification-levels-and-nutrient-composition-of-food-products-from-the-spanish-market-a-2011-2015-update
#17
María Lourdes Samaniego-Vaesken, Elena Alonso-Aperte, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras
INTRODUCTION: Folic acid (FA) is a synthetic compound commonly added for voluntary fortification of food products in many European countries. In our country, food composition databases (FCDB) lack comprehensive data on FA fortification practices and this is considered a priority research need when undergoing nutritional assessment of the population. METHODS: A product inventory was collected and updated by visiting retail stores in Madrid Region, conducting online supermarket searches, and by the provision of food label information by manufacturers...
March 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273802/the%C3%A2-prevalence%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-micronutrient%C3%A2-deficiencies%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-inadequacies%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-middle%C3%A2-east%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-approaches%C3%A2-to%C3%A2-interventions
#18
REVIEW
Nahla Hwalla, Ayesha Salem Al Dhaheri, Hadia Radwan, Hanan Abdullah Alfawaz, Mona A Fouda, Nasser Mohammed Al-Daghri, Sahar Zaghloul, Jeffrey B Blumberg
Micronutrient deficiencies and inadequacies constitute a global health issue, particularly among countries in the Middle East. The objective of this review is to identify micronutrient deficits in the Middle East and to consider current and new approaches to address this problem. Based on the availability of more recent data, this review is primarily focused on countries that are in advanced nutrition transition. Prominent deficits in folate, iron, and vitamin D are noted among children/adolescents, women of childbearing age, pregnant women, and the elderly...
March 3, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272014/the-potential-role-of-zinc-supplementation-on-pressure-injury-healing-in-older-adults-a-review-of-the-literature
#19
Melissa Heintschel, Roschelle Heuberger
INTRODUCTION: Compromised nutritional status is common among older adults (aged ≥ 65 years) and is a risk factor for pressure injuries (PIs), which may lead to poor clinical outcomes. The aim of this review was to determine whether or not poor PI healing in older adults is a result of suboptimal zinc status. METHODS: A literature search was performed in PubMed from 2001 to 2016 using the key words: "zinc status," "pressure ulcer," "pressure ulcers in older adults," "wound healing," and "zinc sulfate...
February 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271631/simulated-effects-of-home-fortification-of-complementary-foods-with-micronutrient-powders-on-risk-of-inadequate-and-excessive-intakes-in-west-gojjam-ethiopia
#20
Zeweter Abebe, Gulelat Desse Haki, Kaleab Baye
Home fortification of complementary foods (CFs) with multiple micronutrient powders (MNPs) is being scaled up in various countries, but little is known about the prevailing complementary feeding practices and the type and nutrient gaps to be filled with MNPs. The present study evaluated the complementary feeding practices of young children and simulated the risk of inadequate and excessive intakes associated with home fortification with MNPs. We have assessed the sociodemographic status, anthropometry, and complementary feeding practices of young children (N = 122) in Mecha district, rural Ethiopia...
March 8, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
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