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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644589/when-do-we-think-it-is-safe-to-drive-after-hand-surgery-current-practice-and-legal-perspective
#1
S F Murphy, J D Martin-Smith, W Martin-Smith, E O'Broin, A J P Clover
Patients recovering from hand surgery frequently ask when it is safe to drive and it is unclear where the responsibility lies; the surgeon, the patient or the insurance company. An eight-question survey looking at various aspects of clinical practice was circulated to consultant and trainee plastic and orthopaedic surgeons in Ireland and the UK. Of the 89 surgeons who replied, (53%) felt the decision when to drive was the patient's compared with the insurance company (40%) and the surgeon (7%). 80% advised patients to contact their insurance company...
December 12, 2016: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643102/post-operative-rotator-cuff-integrity-based-on-sugaya-s-classification-can-reflect-abduction-muscle-strength-of-the-shoulder
#2
Masahito Yoshida, Phillipe Collin, Thierry Josseaume, Alexandre Lädermann, Hideyuki Goto, Katumasa Sugimoto, Takanobu Otsuka
PURPOSE: Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is common in structural and qualitative assessment of the rotator cuff post-operatively. Rotator cuff integrity has been thought to be associated with clinical outcome. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the inter-observer reliability of cuff integrity (Sugaya's classification) and assess the correlation between Sugaya's classification and the clinical outcome. It was hypothesized that Sugaya's classification would show good reliability and good correlation with the clinical outcome...
June 22, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629420/comparison-of-the-effects-of-platelet-rich-or-growth-factor-rich-plasma-on-intestinal-anastomosis-healing-in-pigs
#3
Gessica Giusto, Cristina Vercelli, Selina Iussich, Massimiliano Tursi, Giovanni Perona, Marco Gandini
BACKGROUND: The use of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) has been proposed for the treatment of several acute and chronic syndromes, such as corneal epithelial defects and dry eye syndrome, gum bleeding during oral surgery, and in orthopaedic surgery. We hypothesized that PRGF, rather than PRP, could be more effective because of its intrinsic characteristics in promoting the healing of intestinal anastomosis. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate and compare the effects of PRP and PRGF on various parameters of anastomotic healing in a swine model...
June 19, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609119/risk-factors-for-tear-progression-in-symptomatic-rotator-cuff-tears-a-prospective-study-of-174-shoulders
#4
Nobuyuki Yamamoto, Mitsuyoshi Mineta, Jun Kawakami, Hirotaka Sano, Eiji Itoi
BACKGROUND: The risk factors for tear progression in symptomatic rotator cuff tears have not been clarified yet. It is important for orthopaedic surgeons to know the natural course of tear progression when nonoperative management is to be chosen. HYPOTHESIS: Tears in younger patients, high-activity patients, or heavy laborers would progress in size more than those in older patients, low-activity patients, or light laborers. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599578/antimicrobial-and-bone-forming-activity-of-a-copper-coated-implant-in-a-rabbit-model
#5
Cornelia Prinz, Mohamed Elhensheri, Joachim Rychly, Hans-Georg Neumann
Current strategies in implant technology are directed to generate bioactive implants that are capable to activate the regenerative potential of the surrounding tissue. On the other hand, implant-related infections are a common problem in orthopaedic trauma patients. To meet both challenges, i.e. to generate a bone implant with regenerative and antimicrobial characteristics, we tested the use of copper coated nails for surgical fixation in a rabbit model. Copper acetate was galvanically deposited with a copper load of 1 µg/mm(2) onto a porous oxide layer of Ti6Al4V nails, which were used for the fixation of a tibia fracture, inoculated with bacteria...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571218/functional-results-of-communited-intra-articular-distal-humerus-fractures-treated-with-bicolumnar-plating
#6
Siddharth Rashmikant Virani, Sandeep Sonone, Aditya Anand Dahapute, Inayat Panda, Kunal Dwijen Roy
INTRODUCTION: Communited intra-articular distal humerus fractures are commonly encountered in orthopaedic practice and they are present with unique difficulties for internal fixation. This problem is especially worse in the elderly due to osteoporotic bone. AIM: To evaluate the intermediate term results (minimum follow up of two years) of communited intra-articular distal humerus fractures treated with bicolumnar plating with or without olecranon osteotomy in elderly Indian population...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552412/connecting-the-wrist-to-the-hand-a-simulation-study-exploring-changes-in-thumb-tip-endpoint-force-following-wrist-surgery
#7
Jennifer A Nichols, Michael S Bednar, Sarah J Wohlman, Wendy M Murray
The wrist is essential for hand function. Yet, due to the complexity of the wrist and hand, studies often examine their biomechanical features in isolation. This approach is insufficient for understanding links between orthopaedic surgery at the wrist and concomitant functional impairments at the hand. We hypothesize that clinical reports of reduced force production by the hand following wrist surgeries can be explained by the surgically-induced, biomechanical changes to the system, even when those changes are isolated to the wrist...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538051/mobius-syndrome-a-35-year-single-institution-experience
#8
Philip K McClure, Eray Kilinc, Scott Oishi, Anthony I Riccio, Lori A Karol
BACKGROUND: Mobius syndrome is a rare syndrome that is known to be associated with a variety of orthopaedic conditions including scoliosis, clubfoot, transverse limb deficiencies, Poland syndrome, and a myriad of hand conditions. To date, no large series exist to characterize the orthopaedic manifestations of Mobius syndrome. METHODS: Medical records at a single tertiary pediatric institution were reviewed for all patients diagnosed with Mobius syndrome from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2015...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533851/-giant-cell-tumors-of-the-tendon-sheaths-of-the-hand-about-50-cases
#9
Walid Osman, Zeineb Alaya, Ali Haggui, Mohamed Ben Rejeb, Sonia Jemni, Nader Naouar, Mohamed Laziz Ben Ayeche
Giant cell tumors of the synovial tendon sheaths (GCTSTS) are a localized form of hemopigmented villonodular synovitis. They mainly affect the hands. This study aims to analyse the epidemiology, clinical and therapeutic characteristics of GCTSTS, to assess the results of surgical treatment and to identify risk factors for recurrences. We conducted a retrospective data collection from medical records of 50 patients with GCTSTS of the hand between 1992 and 2016 in the Department of Orthopaedics at the Hospital of Sahloul (Sousse-Tunisia)...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497097/a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study-of-educational-techniques-in-teaching-basic-arthroscopic-skills-in-a-low-income-country
#10
Abhiram R Bhashyam, Catherine Logan, Heather J Roberts, Rameez A Qudsi, Jacky Fils, George S M Dyer
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how to introduce complex technologies like arthroscopy into low-income countries. Thus, we compared low- versus high-resource intensive methods of teaching basic arthroscopic skills in a randomized controlled trial in Haiti. METHODS: Forty-eight Haitian orthopaedic surgeons and residents attending an orthopaedic conference in Haiti were block randomized to receive instruction through a composite video (Control) or a composite video plus hands-on teaching with an expert visiting surgeon (Intervention)...
March 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484716/anatomic-variation-in-morphometry-of-human-coracoid-process-among-asian-population
#11
Manal Fathi, Pike-See Cheah, Umar Ahmad, M Nizlan Nasir, Aye Aye San, Ezamin Abdul Rahim, Paisal Hussin, Rozi Mahmud, Fauziah Othman
Ethnic origin plays an important role in bone morphometry. Studies examining the influence of coracoid process have focused primarily on adults and have not included people from diverse Asian ethnic backgrounds. Our goal was to explore ethnic differences in morphometry of coracoid among Asian population. We performed morphometric measurements of coracoid process on cadaveric shoulders and shoulder CT scans from 118 specimens. The cadaveric sample included Indian (46%), Chinese (27%), and Myanmarese (27%) subjects, while the CT scans sample included Chinese (67%) and Malay (33%) subjects...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451614/the-functional-arm-scale-for-throwers-fast-part-ii-reliability-and-validity-of-an-upper-extremity-region-specific-and-population-specific-patient-reported-outcome-scale-for-throwing-athletes
#12
Kellie C Huxel Bliven, Alison R Snyder Valier, R Curtis Bay, Eric L Sauers
BACKGROUND: The Functional Arm Scale for Throwers (FAST) is an upper extremity (UE) region-specific and population-specific patient-reported outcome (PRO) scale developed to measure health-related quality of life in throwers with UE injuries. Stages I and II, described in a companion paper, of FAST development produced a 22-item scale and a 9-item pitcher module. Stage III of scale development, establishing reliability and validity of the FAST, is reported herein. PURPOSE: To describe stage III of scale development: reliability and validity of the FAST...
April 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451596/how-comprehensive-and-efficient-are-patient-reported-outcomes-for-rotator-cuff-tears
#13
REVIEW
Eric C Makhni, Jason T Hamamoto, John D Higgins, Taylor Patterson, Justin W Griffin, Anthony A Romeo, Nikhil N Verma
BACKGROUND: Increasing emphasis is placed on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) after common orthopaedic procedures as a measure of quality. When considering PRO utilization in patients with rotator cuff tears, several different PROs exist with varying levels of accuracy and utilization. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: Understanding which disease-specific PRO may be most efficiently administered in patients after rotator cuff repair may assist in promoting increased patient and physician adoption of these useful scores...
March 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435575/outpatient-percutaneous-release-of-trigger-finger-a-cost-effective-and-safe-procedure
#14
Z Marij, Q Aurangzeb, H R Rizwan, R Haroon, M H Pervaiz
INTRODUCTION: Trigger finger is a common cause of pain and disability of the hand. Percutaneous release results in earlier functional recovery and patient satisfaction. This is a rapid and cost-effective method which saves a surgical procedure and results in better functional outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective observational study conducted on fifty-two fingers and thumbs in 52 patients treated from 1st July 2014 till 31st December 2014, in the Orthopaedic Section, Department of Surgery, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan...
March 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425053/what-demographic-and-clinical-characteristics-correlate-with-expectations-with-trapeziometacarpal-arthritis
#15
Lana Kang, Joseph Nguyen, Sohaib Z Hashmi, Steve K Lee, Andrew J Weiland, Carol A Mancuso
BACKGROUND: Pretreatment variables have been shown to be associated with the fulfillment of patient expectations, yet in treating thumb trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis (OA) it remains unclear how patient expectations correlate with the effectiveness of treatment. An increased understanding of the variables that affect patient expectations enables tailored patient education and patient-provider communication. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Is there a correlation between patient demographics and clinical characteristics, and the expectations the patients have when seeking treatment for trapeziometacarpal OA? (2) What factors are independently associated with the total expectations score and frequency of expecting "back to normal" among patients treated for trapeziometacarpal OA? METHODS: Between March 2011 and October 2013, 89 patients of all 96 eligible patients seeking treatment for trapeziometacarpal OA were approached and agreed to participate in this study...
April 19, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422796/waterless-hand-rub-versus-traditional-hand-scrub-methods-for-preventing-the-surgical-site-infection-in-orthopaedic-surgery
#16
Kentaro Iwakiri, Akio Kobayashi, Masahiko Seki, Yoshiyuki Ando, Tadao Tsujio, Masatoshi Hoshino, Hiroaki Nakamura
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study with prospectively collected data OBJECTIVE.: The aim of this study was to compare SSI incidences, the cost of hand hygiene agents, and hand hygiene time between the traditional hand scrub and the waterless hand rub protocols before orthopaedic surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Surgical-site-infections (SSI) prolong hospitalization and are a leading nosocomial cause of morbidity as well as a source of excess cost. Recently, a waterless hand rub protocol comprising alcohol based chlorhexidine gluconate for use before surgery was developed, but no studies have yet examined its utility in orthopaedic surgery...
April 18, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384945/excision-versus-fixation-of-the-radial-head-a-comparative-study-of-the-functional-outcomes-of-the-two-techniques
#17
Sanath Kumar Shetty, Ashwin Shetty, Bijith Balan, Arjun Ballal, H Ravindranath Rai, Anoop Hegde
INTRODUCTION: The management of displaced and comminuted radial head fractures has been a matter of debate amongst surgeons for many years. Radial head excision formed the mainstay of surgical management of these injuries. Over the years, there have been improvements in the surgical techniques and availability of better implants and instrumentation techniques, hence, open reduction and internal fixation of these fractures is gaining popularity. AIM: To compare the outcome of elbow function between radial head excision and open reduction and internal fixation of the radial head with mini screws of Mason Type II and Type III radial head fractures and to assess the complications that occur in both techniques...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372970/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-complex-fractures-of-the-proximal-humerus-in-elderly-patients-impact-on-the-level-of-independency-early-function-and-pain-medication
#18
Fabian Wolfensperger, Patrick Grüninger, Michael Dietrich, Mathias Völlink, Emanuel Benninger, Michel Schläppi, Christoph Meier
BACKGROUND: This study investigated early functional outcome, quality of life, and the level of independency in elderly patients after primary reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) for complex fractures of the proximal humerus. METHODS: This was a prospective case series that included 33 patients, aged ≥70 years, with a high level of independency who received RSA for complex fractures of the humerus (Orthopaedic Trauma Association B2/C) from January 2012 to April 2014...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361820/assessment-of-striatal-postural-deformities-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#19
Sanjay Pandey, Hitesh Kumar
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Though striatal and postural deformities are known to occur commonly in atypical Parkinsonism patients, these may also be seen in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). These are frequently misdiagnosed as joint or orthopaedic pathology leading to unnecessary investigations. This study was conducted to observe the various striatal and postural deformities among patients with PD in India. METHODS: This study was conducted at a tertiary care teaching institute in north# India...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360502/citation-analysis-of-the-100-most-common-articles-regarding-distal-radius-fractures
#20
Richard Jones, Travis Hughes, Kevin Lawson, Gregory DeSilva
PURPOSE: Bibliometric studies are increasingly being utilized as a tool for gauging the impact of different literature within a given field. The purpose of this study was to identify the most cited articles related to the management of distal radius fractures to better understand how the evidence of this topic has been shaped and changed over time. METHODS: We utilized the ISI web of science database to conduct a search for the term "distal radius fracture" under the "orthopaedics" research area heading, and sorted the results by number of times cited...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
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