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Orthopaedics, hand

Raffy Mirzayan, Michael J Lim
BACKGROUND: Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the capitellum is a rare yet debilitating injury seen in young athletes. This is the first report in the literature describing fresh osteochondral allograft transplantation (FOCAT) to treat OCD of the capitellum. METHODS: Nine male baseball players (mean age, 15.3; range, 14-18 years), with OCD of the capitellum were treated with FOCAT. There were 6 pitchers and 3 position players. A ligament-sparing, mini-open approach was used...
November 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Henry B Colaco, Katie Hughes, Eyiyemi Pearse, Magnus Arnander, Duncan Tennent
OBJECTIVE: We have developed a low-cost, portable shoulder simulator designed to train basic arthroscopic skills. This study aimed to establish the construct validity of the simulator by determining which parameters discriminated between experience levels and to assess the experience of using the simulator. DESIGN: Participants were given an introductory presentation and an untimed practice run of a 6-step triangulation task using hooks and rubber bands. A total of 6 consecutive attempts at the task were timed, and the number of times the participant looked at their hands during the task was recorded...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Tejas Upasani, Abhinav Bhatnagar, Sonu Mehta
INTRODUCTION: Shoulder dislocations are a very common entity in routine orthopaedic practice. Chronic unreduced anterior dislocations of the shoulder are not very common. Neurological and vascular complications may occur as a result of an acute anterior dislocation of the shoulder or after a while in chronic unreduced shoulder dislocation. Open reduction is indicated for most chronic shoulder dislocations. We report a case of neglected bilateral anterior shoulder dislocation with bilateral displaced greater tuberosity fracture...
April 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Corinne E Wee, Tyler D Ames, Khoi M Le, Tiffany Wang, Laura S Phieffer, Carmen E Quatman
Fragility fractures, or fractures occurring from a low-trauma event, are extremely prevalent among the elderly population worldwide and associated with significant mortality and morbidity. This study evaluated the relationship between FES-I Fear of Falling Survey results, self-reported activity restrictions via the SF-36 survey, and scores recorded by portable, inexpensive clinical assessment tools (CATs) during dynamic functional tasks. Low scores during these tasks may indicate functional deficits that put patients at risk for falls and subsequent fragility fractures...
October 2016: Aging and Disease
Saravanan Esakki, Joy MacDermid, Saipriya Vajravelu
Background: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) distal radius fracture (DRF) clinical practice guidelines (CPG) are readily available to clinicians, patients, and policymakers. International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) provides a framework for describing the impact of health conditions. The International Classification of Diseases-10th Revision (ICD-10) is a classification system to classify health conditions as specific disease or disorders. The aim of this study is to analyze and describe the scope and focus of the AAOS DRF CPG using the ICF and ICD-10 as a basis for content analysis, and to compare the content of the CPG with the ICF hand core sets as the reference standard...
September 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Cyrille Burrus, Johanne Tuscher, Philippe Vuistiner, Gilles Rivier, Bertrand Léger, François Luthi
OBJECTIVE: Functional capacity evaluation (FCE) based on a safe maximal performance (kinesiophysical criteria), is used to evaluate abilities of a patient to accomplish work-related tasks that may help precise functional limitations. As known in chronic pain, psychosocial factors and behavioral factors have been shown to influence FCE. The influence of the "fear-avoidance" model on FCE is debated (van Abbema, 2011) and has never been studied with a full model. The goal of this study was to evaluate the influence of the fear-avoidance model on FCE performance in patients admitted for vocational rehabilitation after orthopaedic trauma...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Alexis Schnitzler, Aurelie Diebold, Bernard Parratte, Laurent Tliba, Francois Genêt, Philippe Denormandie
OBJECTIVE: Almost 10% of older adults in nursing homes have a fixed flexion deformity of the fingers (claw hand). Such contractures have important functional consequences, often leading to hygiene difficulties. Medical treatment (such as botulinum toxin injections, physiotherapy or positioning) is not always effective and surgery is often not possible in such fragile patients. Microinvasive tenotomy with a large needle could be a useful alternative because it can be carried out in an ambulatory setting under local anaesthesia...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Zubin J Daruwalla, D Ronan Collins, David P Moore
The remote presence robotic system (RPRS) enables an individual to "be in two places at once". Its application includes various uses in medicine and surgery. However, its usefulness in the field of orthopaedic surgery has not been described. The objective of our pilot study was to determine patient and nursing staff satisfaction with the RPRS in an orthopaedic clinical setting in Ireland. We performed evening and weekend ward rounds to gain feedback and determine patient and nursing staff satisfaction with this innovative system...
September 2010: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Joseph A Gil, Steven F DeFroda, Adam Janicki, Jessica Smith, Craig Eberson
OBJECTIVES: In collaboration with the Department of Emergency Medicine, we designed a hands-on orthopaedic rotation for emergency residents in their first postgraduate year (PGY1) to introduce them to the appropriate evaluation and management of common orthopaedic injuries and conditions. Our hypothesis was that after the rotation, emergency medicine residents would be more comfortable with the evaluation and management of these injuries and conditions. METHODS: We designed a survey for the emergency medicine residents to query the pre- and post-rotation level of comfort in the management of some of the most commonly encountered orthopaedic injuries and conditions that present to the emergency department...
2016: Rhode Island Medical Journal
J Zhang, X Chen, Q Zhu, J Cui, L Cao, J Su
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the number of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in the field of orthopaedics is increasing in Mainland China. However, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are inclined to bias if they lack methodological quality. Therefore, we performed a survey of RCT to assess: (1) What about the quality of RCTs in the field of orthopedics in Mainland China? (2) Whether there is difference between the core journals of the Chinese department of orthopedics and Orthopaedics Traumatology Surgery & Research (OTSR)...
August 8, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Giuseppe Solarino, Giovanni Vicenti, Antonella Abate, Massimiliano Carrozzo, Girolamo Picca, Antonio Colella, Biagio Moretti
PURPOSE: To compare clinical outcomes of ORIF with volar locking plates and the Epibloc system (ES) in the treatment of distal radius fractures (DRFs) in patients aged over 65 years. METHODS: We retrospectively examined a consecutive series of 100 patients with intra-articular or extra-articular DRF who were admitted to our Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology between January 2007 and January 2013. Fifty patients were treated using the Epibloc System; and the other 50 patients using ORIF with volar locking plates...
August 5, 2016: Injury
M Z Faizah, K L Ng, B C Te, A Mohd Hafizuddin, L Nur Aifaa, M R Nurhanisah, B Azmi, A H Hamzaini
BACKGROUND: Detection of neuraxial abnormality in neurologically asymptomatic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is crucial prior to surgery. It can only be detected on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which was not routinely done in this group of patient. On the other hand, whole spine radiographs for measurement of Cobb angle have been routinely included during clinic follow-up. This study aimed to determine the correlation between Cobb angle progression and neuraxial abnormality finding on MRI in asymptomatic AIS...
June 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
S M Feng, A G Wang, P Ding, Z Y Zhang, M M Zhou, C K Li, Q Q Sun
OBJECTIVE: To explore the surgical method of using the modified chevron osteotomy combined distal soft tissue reconstruction to treat high-grade bunionette deformity. METHODS: From June 2013 to June 2015, the modified chevron osteotomy combined distal soft tissue reconstruction was used for surgical treatment of high-grade bunionette deformity in the Department of Hand and Foot Microsurgery in Xuzhou Central Hospital.Twenty-six patients with 28 feet high-grade bunionette deformity were hospitalized for treatment, with 3 male (3 feet) and 23 female (25 feet) cases, aged 22-73 (mean 47...
July 26, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Col Jeffrey N Davila, Marc F Swiontkowski, Col Ret Romney C Andersen
The symposium Extremity War Injuries X: Return to Health and Function, presented by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, the Orthopaedic Trauma Association, the Society of Military Orthopaedic Surgeons, and the Orthopaedic Research Society, was held in Washington, DC, on January 27 and 28, 2015. Course chairs Marc F. Swiontkowski, MD, and COL Jeffrey N. Davila, MD, presided over 2 days of general session lectures focusing on war/trauma-related musculoskeletal injuries resulting in service member disability, followed by small group discussions, with a goal of identifying knowledge gaps in the treatment of these injuries...
September 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Steven F Shannon, Nicholas M Hernandez, Stephen A Sems, Annalise N Larson, Todd A Milbrandt
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the type and severity of orthopaedic and associated injuries for snowmobile, All-terrain vehicles (ATV) and motorized dirtbike accidents in a pediatric patient population. METHODS: A total of 758 patients who presented following either snowmobile (n=87), ATV-related (n=308) or dirtbike (n=363)-related trauma at our institution between 1996 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 441 axial and appendicular fractures occurred requiring 533 procedures...
July 20, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Alexander V Gubin, Dmitry Y Borzunov, Larisa O Marchenkova, Tatiana A Malkova, Irina L Smirnova
Methodological solutions of Prof. G.A. Ilizarov are the core stone of the contemporary bone lengthening and reconstruction surgery. They have been acknowledged in the orthopaedic world as one of the greatest contributions to treating bone pathologies. The Ilizarov method of transosseous compression-distraction osteosynthesis has been widely used for managing bone non-union and defects, bone infection, congenital and posttraumatic limb length discrepancies, hand and foot disorders. The optimal conditions for implementing distraction and compression osteogenesis were proven by numerous experimental studies that Prof...
July 18, 2016: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
Ying-Chao Chou, Yung-Heng Hsu, Yi-Hsun Yu, Chi-Chuan Wu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine if the triceps-reflecting anconeus pedicle (TRAP) approach combined with the precontoured locking plate can provide acceptable clinical outcomes in the treatment of comminuted distal humerus fracture. METHODS: Between August 2008 and June 2014, 48 patients with Orthopaedic Trauma Association type C (21 with C2, 27 with C3) distal humerus fractures underwent open reduction and internal fixation with orthogonal precontoured locking plate fixation using the TRAP approach...
October 2016: Injury
Soichiro Itoh, Myu Yumoto, Misa Kanai, Wataru Yoshida, Taro Yoshioka
BACKGROUND: The preservation of the integrity of the pronator quadratus (PQ) muscle is expected to have many benefits, particularly in cases of highly comminuted intra-articular fractures of the distal radius. Therefore, we examined the significance of a PQ muscle-sparing approach for volar locking plate (VLP) fixation of these types of fractures. METHODS: Sixty-five patients who sustained AO Foundation and Orthopaedic Trauma Association (AO/OTA) type C2 and C3 distal radius fractures were treated with VLP fixation using either a PQ muscle release and repair (PQ-releasing group, n = 30) or a PQ muscle-sparing approach (PQ-sparing group, n = 35)...
March 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
V Langer, S Rajagopalan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2011: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
H Fujiwara, T Makino, K Yonenobu, H Honda, T Kaito
AIMS: In this prospective observational study, we investigated the time-dependent changes and correlations of upper arm performance tests (ten-second test and Simple Test for Evaluating Hand Function (STEF), the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, and the JOA Cervical Myelopathy Evaluation Questionnaire (JOACMEQ) in 31 patients with cervical myelopathy who had undergone surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We hypothesised that all the indices correlate with each other, but show slightly different recovery patterns, and that the newly described JOACMEQ is a sensitive outcome measure...
July 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
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