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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098706/current-trends-in-ulnar-collateral-ligament-reconstruction-surgery-among-newly-trained-orthopaedic-surgeons
#1
Ryan M Degen, Christopher L Camp, Johnathan A Bernard, David M Dines, David W Altchek, Joshua S Dines
INTRODUCTION: Ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) reconstructions are being performed with an increasing annual incidence. The purpose of this study was to evaluate trends in UCL surgery among recently trained orthopaedic surgeons. METHODS: The American Board of Orthopaedic Surgeons (ABOS) database was used to identify all UCL reconstructions from 2004 to 2013. Procedures were identified by Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes and verified by International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes...
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051232/epidemiology-of-nosocomial-infections-about-70-cases
#2
Mohamed Hedfi, Hassen Khouni, Youssra Massoudi, Cherif Abdelhedi, Karim Sassi, Adnen Chouchen
Background - The infections associated with care (IAS) constitute a major public health problem by the morbi- mortality than they generate as well as by their cost to support. The prevention of these infections has become a priority for several years everywhere in the world and in the occurrence in Tunisia. Aim - The purpose of our study is to assess the prevalence of nosocomial infections as well as develop their microbiologic  profiles in the different departments of  the hospital of FSI  Marsa Tunisia and try to highlight the risk factors that can influence these infections Methods - It was a retrospective study about  patients with noscomila infection who were admitted in the different care unit of the Hospital of FSI  Marsa and this on a period of 6 years from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2014 Results - We have identified seventy(70) patients having contracted a nososcomial infection during the period of study for 24600 hospital admission, with a prevalence rate of 0...
July 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050816/-knuckle-cracking-can-blinded-observers-detect-changes-with-physical-examination-and-sonography
#3
Robert D Boutin, Anuj P Netto, David Nakamura, Cyrus Bateni, Robert M Szabo, Michael Cronan, Brent Foster, William R Barfield, J Anthony Seibert, Abhijit J Chaudhari
BACKGROUND: Voluntary knuckle cracking is a common habit, with a reported prevalence of 25% to 45%. Habitual knuckle cracking also is a frequent source of questions for physicians, and the largest study to date reported an association with functional hand impairments. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) When compared with subjects who are not habitual knuckle crackers, do habitual knuckle crackers have greater QuickDASH scores, swelling, weakness, joint laxity, or ROM? (2) In subjects who crack their knuckles, does cracking immediately increase ROM? (3) What are the characteristic sonographic findings in joints that crack? METHODS: A prospective, institutional review board-approved study was performed on 400 metacarpophalangeal joints (MPJs) in 40 asymptomatic adult subjects...
January 3, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035841/rehabilitation-robotics-for-the-upper-extremity-review-with-new-directions-for-orthopaedic-disorders
#4
Renée M Hakim, Brandon G Tunis, Michael D Ross
The focus of research using technological innovations such as robotic devices has been on interventions to improve upper extremity function in neurologic populations, particularly patients with stroke. There is a growing body of evidence describing rehabilitation programs using various types of supportive/assistive and/or resistive robotic and virtual reality-enhanced devices to improve outcomes for patients with neurologic disorders. The most promising approaches are task-oriented, based on current concepts of motor control/learning and practice-induced neuroplasticity...
December 30, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032038/recurrent-missense-mutation-of-gdf5-p-r438l-causes-proximal-symphalangism-in-a-british-family
#5
Andreas Leonidou, Melita Irving, Simon Holden, Marcos Katchburian
Proximal symphalangism (SYM1B) (OMIM 615298) is an autosomal dominant developmental disorder affecting joint fusion. It is characterized by variable fusions of the proximal interphalangeal joints of the hands, typically of the ring and little finger, with the thumb typically being spared. SYM1 is frequently associated with coalition of tarsal bones and conductive hearing loss. Molecular studies have identified two possible genetic aetiologies for this syndrome, NOG and GDF5. We herein present a British caucasian family with SYM1B caused by a mutation of the GDF5 gene...
December 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000113/adhesion-and-differentiation-of-saos-2-osteoblast-like-cells-on-chromium-doped-diamond-like-carbon-coatings
#6
Elena Filova, Marta Vandrovcova, Miroslav Jelinek, Josef Zemek, Jana Houdkova, Jan Remsa, Tomas Kocourek, Lubica Stankova, Lucie Bacakova
Diamond-like carbon (DLC) thin films are promising for use in coating orthopaedic, dental and cardiovascular implants. The problem of DLC layers lies in their weak layer adhesion to metal implants. Chromium is used as a dopant for improving the adhesion of DLC films. Cr-DLC layers were prepared by a hybrid technology, using a combination of pulsed laser deposition (PLD) from a graphite target and magnetron sputtering. Depending on the deposition conditions, the concentration of Cr in the DLC layers moved from zero to 10...
January 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990194/predictors-of-bone-status-by-quantitative-ultrasound-measurements-in-a-mountain-village-in-japan
#7
Tsuyoshi Tajika, Atsushi Yamamoto, Takashi Ohsawa, Noboru Oya, Haku Iizuka, Kenji Takagishi
BACKGROUND: It seems to be important to recognize predictors of bone health condition in Japanese super-aged society. The purpose of this study was to investigate predictors of the speed of sound (SOS) of calcaneus by quantitative ultrasound measurements of mountain village residents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical examinations were conducted on 214 participants (69 men, 145 women; average age of 63.6 years). Each had completed a self-administered questionnaire including items such as gender, dominant hand, occupation, and history of smoking and drinking alcohol, experience of falls, and the EuroQol-5-dimensions-3-level Japanese version and a 25-question geriatric locomotive function scale proposed by the Japanese Orthopaedic Association...
2016: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984341/orthopaedic-infection-prevention-and-diagnosis
#8
Kevin I Perry, Arlen D Hanssen
Host optimization, reduction of bacteria, and establishing proper wound environment in the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative periods are the traditional cornerstones of infection prevention. Most institutions have standardized a systems approach to reduce the incidence of surgical site infections. Typically, these systems-based approaches promote protocols for hand and environmental hygiene, patients risk assessment and screening, surgical delays for identifiable and modifiable risk factors, infection surveillance, antibiotic stewardship programs, communication/coordination of care, physician 360° reporting, and unit-based safety programs...
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940806/treatment-for-ulnar-neuritis-around-the-elbow-in-adolescent-baseball-players-factors-associated-with-poor-outcome
#9
Masahiro Maruyama, Hiroshi Satake, Masatoshi Takahara, Mikio Harada, Tomohiro Uno, Nariyuki Mura, Michiaki Takagi
BACKGROUND: Ulnar neuritis around the elbow is one of the injuries seen in throwing athletes. Outcomes of nonsurgical treatment and factors associated with failure outcomes have not been reported. PURPOSE: To investigate the outcomes of treatments for ulnar neuritis in adolescent baseball players. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: We assessed 40 male baseball players with a mean age of 15.0 years (range, 13-17 years) who presented with ulnar neuritis...
December 9, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919565/examination-of-the-promis-upper-extremity-item-bank
#10
Man Hung, Maren W Voss, Jerry Bounsanga, Anthony B Crum, Andrew R Tyser
STUDY DESIGN: Clinical measurement. INTRODUCTION: The psychometric properties of the PROMIS v1.2 UE item bank were tested on various samples prior to its release, but have not been fully evaluated among the orthopaedic population. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This study assesses the performance of the UE item bank within the UE orthopaedic patient population. METHODS: The UE item bank was administered to 1197 adult patients presenting to a tertiary orthopaedic clinic specializing in hand and UE conditions and was examined using traditional statistics and Rasch analysis...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900200/inter-rater-reliability-of-the-shoulder-symptom-modification-procedure-in-people-with-shoulder-pain
#11
Jeremy S Lewis, Karen McCreesh, Eva Barratt, Eric J Hegedus, Julius Sim
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal conditions involving the shoulder are common and, because of the importance of the upper limb and hand in daily function, symptoms in this region are commonly associated with functional impairment in athletic and non-athletic populations. Deriving a definitive diagnosis as to the cause of shoulder symptoms is fraught with difficulty. Limitations have been recognised for imaging and for orthopaedic special tests. 1 solution is to partially base management on the response to tests aimed at reducing the severity of the patient's perception of symptoms...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896290/do-clinical-results-and-return-to-sport-rates-after-ulnar-collateral-ligament-reconstruction-differ-based-on-graft-choice-and-surgical-technique
#12
Brandon J Erickson, Gregory L Cvetanovich, Rachel M Frank, Bernard R Bach, Mark S Cohen, Charles A Bush-Joseph, Brian J Cole, Anthony A Romeo
BACKGROUND: Ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction (UCLR) has become a common procedure performed in overhead-throwing athletes of many athletic levels. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to determine whether clinical outcomes and return-to-sport (RTS) rates differ among patients undergoing UCLR based on graft choice, surgical technique, athletic competition level, handedness, and treatment of the ulnar nerve. We hypothesized that no differences would exist in clinical outcomes or RTS rates between technique, graft choice, or other variables...
November 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875344/patient-centred-hand-hygiene-information-in-orthopaedics-units-an-evidence-based-implementation-project
#13
Arielle Yi Jia Ong, Joanne Tan, Hui Ling Yeo, Mien Li Goh
AIM: This project aimed to improve patients' knowledge on the importance of hand hygiene. It involved providing patients with a patient and family education on the importance of hand hygiene using a patient information leaflet that introduces the rationale of hand hygiene, possible consequences of poor hand hygiene, and the seven steps of hand hygiene. METHODS: This projected used a preimplementation and postimplementation audit strategy using the Joanna Briggs Institute Practical Application of Clinical Evidence System and Getting Research Into Practice programs...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861212/the-interobserver-and-intraobserver-reliability-of-the-sanders-classification-versus-the-risser-stage
#14
Shaleen Vira, Qasim Husain, Cyrus Jalai, Justin Paul, Gregory W Poorman, Caroline Poorman, Richard S Yoon, Christopher Looze, Baron Lonner, Peter G Passias
BACKGROUND: Estimation of skeletal maturity, classically performed using Risser sign, plays a crucial role in the treatment of AIS. Recent data, however, has shown the simplified Tanner-Whitehouse (Sanders) classification, based on an anteriorposterior (AP) hand radiographs, to correlate more closely to the rapid growth phase and thus curve progression. This study evaluated the interobserver and intraobserver reliability of the Sanders and Risser classifications among clinicians at different levels of training...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852902/overlapping-surgery-in-the-ambulatory-orthopaedic-setting
#15
Alan L Zhang, David C Sing, Debbie Y Dang, C Benjamin Ma, Dennis Black, Thomas P Vail, Brian T Feeley
BACKGROUND: The practice of a surgeon performing procedures in two operating rooms during overlapping time frames has been described as concurrent surgery if critical portions occur simultaneously, or overlapping surgery if they do not. Although recent media reports have focused on the potential adverse effects of these practices, to our knowledge, there has been no previous research investigating outcomes of overlapping procedures in orthopaedic surgery. METHODS: A retrospective review of an institutional clinical database from 2012 to 2015 was utilized to collect data from all surgical cases (including sports medicine, hand, and foot and ankle) performed at an ambulatory orthopaedic surgery center...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851674/hang-them-high-a-hands-free-technique-for-upper-extremity-limb-holding-during-surgical-preparation
#16
Arun Aneja, Patrick Leung, Alejandro Marquez-Lara
Lifting and holding upper and lower limbs during the "prep and drape" portion of certain orthopaedic procedures exert strong forces on the holder and may lead to musculoskeletal disorders. To address these challenges during upper extremity procedures, this article describes a hand-free elevation and traction technique of the upper limbs during preoperative skin preparation with the use of items readily available within the operating room (OR). This technique is particularly useful for heavy or fractured limbs that may impose a physical challenge to lift and maintain in a stable position...
November 2016: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848247/hospital-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-obesity-a-scoping-review
#17
Jennifer C Seida, Arya M Sharma, Jeffrey A Johnson, Mary Forhan
PURPOSE: To explore the evidence on rehabilitation for hospitalized patients with obesity. METHODS: Medline, Embase, CENTRAL, CINAHL, and PubMed were searched from 1994 to May 2016. Grey literature was hand-searched. Two reviewers independently selected studies examining patients with obesity receiving hospital-based therapy for a physical impairment. One reviewer extracted the data and a second reviewer verified a random sample. RESULTS: Thirty-nine studies (two trials, 37 observational) were included...
November 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801643/arthroscopic-skills-assessment-and-use-of-box-model-for-training-in-arthroscopic-surgery-using-sawbones-fast-workstation
#18
Saumitra Goyal, Mohamed Abdel Radi, Islam Karam-Allah Ramadan, Hatem Galal Said
PURPOSE: Arthroscopic skills training outside the operative room may decrease risks and errors by trainee surgeons. There is a need of simple objective method for evaluating proficiency and skill of arthroscopy trainees using simple bench model of arthroscopic simulator. The aim of this study is to correlate motor task performance to level of prior arthroscopic experience and establish benchmarks for training modules. METHODS: Twenty orthopaedic surgeons performed a set of tasks to assess a) arthroscopic triangulation, b) navigation, c) object handling and d) meniscus trimming using SAWBONES "FAST" arthroscopy skills workstation...
2016: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796802/patients-with-limited-health-literacy-ask-fewer-questions-during-office-visits-with-hand-surgeons
#19
Mariano E Menendez, Bastiaan T van Hoorn, Michael Mackert, Erin E Donovan, Neal C Chen, David Ring
BACKGROUND: In the midst of rapid expansion of medical knowledge and decision-support tools intended to benefit diverse patients, patients with limited health literacy (the ability to obtain, process, and understand information and services to make health decisions) will benefit from asking questions and engaging actively in their own care. But little is known regarding the relationship between health literacy and question-asking behavior during outpatient office visits. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Do patients with lower levels of health literacy ask fewer questions in general, and as stratified by types of questions? (2) What other patient characteristics are associated with the number of questions asked? (3) How often do surgeons prompt patients to ask questions during an office visit? METHODS: We audio-recorded office visits of 84 patients visiting one of three orthopaedic hand surgeons for the first time...
October 28, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792116/characteristics-of-residual-symptoms-following-laminoplasty-in-diabetic-patients-with-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Masaaki Machino, Shiro Imagama, Kei Ando, Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Tetsuro Hida, Kenyu Ito, Mikito Tsushima, Akiyuki Matsumoto, Satoshi Tanaka, Masayoshi Morozumi, Keigo Ito, Fumihiko Kato, Yoshihiro Nishida, Naoki Ishiguro
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study OBJECTIVE.: The purpose of this study was to compare cervical laminoplasty outcomes between diabetic and non-diabetic patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM), and to characterize residual symptoms of diabetic patients. METHODS: A total of 505 consecutive patients with CSM (331 males, 189 females; mean age, 66.6 years; range, 41-91 years; > 1-year follow-up after laminoplasty) were enrolled and divided into diabetic group (n = 105) and non-diabetic group (n = 400)...
October 25, 2016: Spine
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