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esthetic medicine

Roderick Youngdo Kim, Sam Seoho Bae, Stephen Elliott Feinberg
There is a recognized need to reconstruct and restore complex craniomaxillofacial soft tissues. The objective of this article is to focus on the role that tissue engineering/regenerative medicine can play in addressing various barriers (vascularity, tissue bulk, volitional control, and esthetics) and impediments (timing, regional applicability/dissemination, and regulation by the US Food and Drug Administration) to optimal tissue reconstruction of complex soft tissue structures. We will use the lips as an example to illustrate our points...
February 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
S Vo Quang, J Dichamp
Maxillofacial prosthesis (MFP) can be defined as the art and science of esthetic and functional reconstruction of the facial bones, art because it uses hand-crafted and empirical rules, science because of its technical rigorism and its integration in medicine. MFP aims to multidisciplinary rehabilitate patients presenting with cutaneous and underlying structures defects, It also allows for functional speech and swallowing rehabilitation related to temporo-mandibular joint disorders. Whatever the origin, (traumatic, infectious ortumoral), surgical treatment of these TMJ disorders is usually not indicated in first-line...
December 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
Parimala Kulkarni, Ayushi Anand, Arpana Bansal, Ankur Jain, Utkarsh Tiwari, Suchi Agrawal
CONTEXT: The use of liquid medicinal syrups in childhood is high owing to the reasons that children suffer from illness quite often. The acidic component in the formulations may cause erosion to the dental tissues. AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate the erosive potential of pediatric liquid medicinal syrups on the deciduous teeth. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of sixty extracted/exfoliated noncarious deciduous molars were used. Four medical syrups were used (viz...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
Ivana Parčina, Amižić, Anja Baraba
The primary function of an endodontic post is to provide retention for the core and enable full sealing of the coronal portion of the root canal. Traditionally used metal posts do not meet the requirements of modern dental medicine due to some fairly significant drawbacks such as color, corrosion potential, non-adhesive bonding and high modulus of elasticity which can lead to root fracture. Recently, esthetic ceramic and fiber reinforced posts have been manufactured in order to avoid such imperfections. Since much attention has been devoted to the esthetic aspects of dental medicine, the use of these posts with composite/ceramic cores is very common in restorative dentistry and it is actually becoming a standard...
June 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Georg D Strbac, Albrecht Schnappauf, Katharina Giannis, Michael H Bertl, Andreas Moritz, Christian Ulm
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to introduce an innovative method for autotransplantation of teeth using 3-dimensional (3D) surgical templates for guided osteotomy preparation and donor tooth placement. METHODS: This report describes autotransplantation of immature premolars as treatment of an 11-year-old boy having suffered severe trauma with avulsion of permanent maxillary incisors. This approach uses modified methods from guided implant surgery by superimposition of Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine files and 3D data sets of the jaws in order to predesign 3D printed templates with the aid of a fully digital workflow...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Endodontics
Gabriela Kopacheva-Barsova, Slavica Arsova
AIM: To prevent and to treat nasal trauma in children properly, because it can lead to displacement or depression of the nasal bones or septum. Second, our aim was, for the patient to recognise and create a mature decision for eventual nose changes which will be made with the operative intervention or they are not mature enough and the decisions were made by their parents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our retrospective study was made at University Clinic for Ear, Nose and Throat, Faculty of Medicine, Ss Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje in the period of 6 years (2005-2016)...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Yen-Wei Chen, Joelle Moussi, Jeanie L Drury, John C Wataha
The use of zirconia in medicine and dentistry has rapidly expanded over the past decade, driven by its advantageous physical, biological, esthetic, and corrosion properties. Zirconia orthopedic hip replacements have shown superior wear-resistance over other systems; however, risk of catastrophic fracture remains a concern. In dentistry, zirconia has been widely adopted for endosseous implants, implant abutments, and all-ceramic crowns. Because of an increasing demand for esthetically pleasing dental restorations, zirconia-based ceramic restorations have become one of the dominant restorative choices...
October 2016: Expert Review of Medical Devices
James K Hartsfield, Lorri A Morford, Liliana M Otero, David W Fardo
Just as pediatricians and endocrinologists are interested in understanding statural growth patterns and the prediction of adult height, pediatric dentists, orthodontists, and oral/maxillofacial surgeons need to be knowledgeable about a patient's facial growth patterns to effectively treat them. Some variations in facial growth have been clinically associated with a poor esthetic self-image, malocclusion formation and the development of physical and/or functional deformity. To understand how different genetic factors influence growth and development patterns, scientists and clinicians study developmental sequences, malformations and syndromes...
March 2013: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
Pouya Amrollahi, Brinda Shah, Amir Seifi, Lobat Tayebi
Although human mouth benefits from remarkable mechanical properties, it is very susceptible to traumatic damages, exposure to microbial attacks, and congenital maladies. Since the human dentition plays a crucial role in mastication, phonation and esthetics, finding promising and more efficient strategies to reestablish its functionality in the event of disruption has been important. Dating back to antiquity, conventional dentistry has been offering evacuation, restoration, and replacement of the diseased dental tissue...
December 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Rosalind Hill
The Annual Skin Regeneration Symposium, held in Cambridge, UK, 12-13 April 2016, explored the latest advancements in skin repair, regeneration and restoration, and the impact this has on patients. With over 140 delegates from the disciplines of burn and trauma care, chronic wounds and esthetic medicine, the symposium sparked lively debate and the sharing of results from interesting case studies, clinical trials and basic research to support the use of a Regenerative Epithelial Suspension produced using the ReCell(®) technology...
July 2016: Regenerative Medicine
Rebecca C Novo, Christopher J Salgado, Elizabeth Yim, Varsha Sinha, Harvey W Chim, Paolo Romanelli
BACKGROUND: Esthetic augmentation of the gluteal region can lead to complications including debilitating pain, infections, wounds, and scars. To our knowledge, a general consensus of staging and treatment guidelines for managing gluteal foreign body reaction to injectables has not yet been established. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a reliable staging system that can be used to implement a treatment algorithm for gluteal foreign body reactions...
August 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Gabriele Rossini, Simone Parrini, Tommaso Castroflorio, Arturo Fortini, Andrea Deregibus, Cesare L Debernardi
OBJECTIVE: To define a threshold of acceptance of smile esthetics for children and adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search in the medical literature (PubMed, PubMed Central, National Library of Medicine's Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Clinical Trials, Web of Knowledge, Scopus, Google Scholar, and LILACs) was performed to identify all peer-reviewed papers reporting data regarding the evaluation of children's and adolescents' perceptions of dental esthetic factors...
May 19, 2016: Angle Orthodontist
J M Wang, S L Y Ma, W Q Li, Q Wang, H Y Cao, J H Gu, Y M Lu
Lily (Lilium spp), which belongs to Lilium, is one kind of monocotyledon. As a perennial ornamental plant with extremely high esthetic, edible, and medicinal value, lily has gained much favor due to its mostly showy flowers of various colors and elegant shape. In this research, we studied experimental materials in a sample of 49 individuals including 40 cultivars, nine species of wild lily, and their variants. The collection of 40 cultivars covered all six hybrids in the genus, i.e., Asiatic hybrids, Oriental hybrids, Longiflorum hybrids, LA hybrids, LO hybrids, and OT hybrids...
2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Goran Marjanovic, Jens Hoeppner
A 60-year-old man presented to our clinic with concerns about the cosmetic results of previous surgery. During childhood he had had an alkali burn of the esophagus that resulted in complete esophageal stenosis. In 1962, when he was 7 years of age, an esophagogastric bypass was performed by means of..
April 21, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Jerald J Nair, Jaume Bastida, Johannes van Staden
The plant family Amaryllidaceae is recognizable for its esthetic floral characteristics, its widespread usage in traditional medicine as well as its unique alkaloid principles. Few alkaloid-producing families rival the Amaryllidaceae in terms of the diversity of its structures as well as their wide applicability on the biological landscape. In particular, cytotoxic effects have come to be a dominant theme in the biological properties of Amaryllidacea alkaloids. To this extent, a significant number of structures have been subjected to in vitro studies in numerous cell lines from which several targets have been identified as promising chemotherapeutics...
January 2016: Natural Product Communications
Woffles T L Wu, Steven Liew, Henry H Chan, Wilson W S Ho, Nantapat Supapannachart, Hong-Ki Lee, Adri Prasetyo, Jonathan Nevin Yu, John D Rogers
BACKGROUND: The desire for and use of nonsurgical injectable esthetic facial treatments are increasing in Asia. The structural and anatomical features specific to the Asian face, and differences from Western populations in facial aging, necessitate unique esthetic treatment strategies, but published recommendations and clinical evidence for injectable treatments in Asians are scarce. METHOD: The Asian Facial Aesthetics Expert Consensus Group met to discuss current practices and consensus opinions on the cosmetic use of botulinum toxin and hyaluronic acid (HA) fillers, alone and in combination, for facial applications in Southeastern and Eastern Asians...
April 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Paul I Heidekrueger, Sabrina Juran, Anup Patel, Neil Tanna, P Niclas Broer
BACKGROUND: The American Society of Plastic Surgeons publishes yearly procedural statistics, collected through questionnaires and online via tracking operations and outcomes for plastic surgeons (TOPS). The statistics, disaggregated by U.S. region, leave two important factors unaccounted for: (1) the underlying base population and (2) the number of surgeons performing the procedures. The presented analysis puts the regional distribution of surgeries into perspective and contributes to fulfilling the TOPS legislation objectives...
April 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
José Ballivian Rico, Atilio Esteche, Carlos José Ramírez Hanke, Ricardo Cavalcanti Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of gluteal suspension with polypropylene strips. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety healthy female patients between the ages of 20 and 50 years (mean, 26 years), who wished to remodel their buttocks from December 2004 to February 2013 were studied retrospectively. All 90 patients were treated with 2 strips of polypropylene on each buttock using the following procedures: 27 (30 %) patients were suspended with polypropylene strips; 63 (70 %) patients were treated with tumescent liposuction in the sacral "V", lower back, supragluteal regions, and flanks to improve buttocks contour (aspirated volume of fat from 350 to 800 cc); 16 (18 %) patients underwent fat grafting in the subcutaneous and intramuscular layers (up to 300 cc in each buttock to increase volume); 5 (6 %) patients received implants to increase volume; and 4 (4...
April 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Giuseppe Nisi, Roberto Cuomo, Cesare Brandi, Luca Grimaldi, Andrea Sisti, Carlo D'Aniello
BACKGROUND: The main application of hyaluronic acid filling, in esthetic medicine, is the augmentation of soft tissues. The carbon dioxide therapy, instead, improves quality and elasticity of the dermis and increases the oxygen release to the tissue through an enhancing of the Bohr's effect. The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy, tolerability, and effect duration of hyaluronic acid fillers and the use of carbon dioxide therapy plus hyaluronic acid in the cosmetic correction of nasolabial folds...
June 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
P-R Manfrédi, B Hersant, R Bosc, W Noel, J-P Meningaud
The common principle of injections in esthetic medicine is to treat and to prevent the signs of aging with minimal doses and with more precision and efficiency. This relies on functional, histological, ultrasound or electromyographic analysis of the soft tissues and of the mechanisms of facial skin aging (fine lines, wrinkles, hollows). These injections may be done with hyaluronic acid (HA) and botulinum toxin. The aim of this technical note was to present four delivery techniques allowing for more precision and low doses of product...
February 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
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