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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783281/remembrances-of-ulf-svante-von-euler
#1
EDITORIAL
Rajko Igić
I first met Ulf Svante von Euler when he came to Belgrade, in 1968, to attend an international symposium on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Medical Faculty. I was at that time a graduate student at the Medical Faculty in Sarajevo, and a new researcher. I had finished medical school in Belgrade and had worked for two years as a physician in the northern part of Serbia. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
May 21, 2018: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761712/an-alternative-introduction-to-reading-and-evaluating-the-primary-literature-for-beginning-graduate-students
#2
David C Randall, Bobby R Baldridge
Students are challenged in transitioning from acquiring knowledge and understanding through reading textbooks to their learning to select, read, evaluate, and synthesize the primary literature. A customary approach to teaching this transition to beginning graduate students is for a faculty member to assign "readings" from the recent literature that promise to become key publications; such assignments generally underscore recent, novel scientific content. We advocate here an alternative approach for coaching students very early in their training: first, to read, analyze, and discuss a paper that highlights critically important features of effective and valid experimental design; and, second, to study a paper that can be shown historically to have fundamentally changed the way in which physiological function is understood...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761157/a-next-generation-sequencing-primer-how-does-it-work-and-what-can-it-do
#3
REVIEW
Yuriy O Alekseyev, Roghayeh Fazeli, Shi Yang, Raveen Basran, Thomas Maher, Nancy S Miller, Daniel Remick
Next-generation sequencing refers to a high-throughput technology that determines the nucleic acid sequences and identifies variants in a sample. The technology has been introduced into clinical laboratory testing and produces test results for precision medicine. Since next-generation sequencing is relatively new, graduate students, medical students, pathology residents, and other physicians may benefit from a primer to provide a foundation about basic next-generation sequencing methods and applications, as well as specific examples where it has had diagnostic and prognostic utility...
January 2018: Academic pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749844/teaching-assistant-attention-and-responsiveness-to-student-reasoning-in-written-work
#4
Cynthia F C Hill, Julia S Gouvea, David Hammer
Instructors communicate what they value about students' written work through their comments and feedback, and this feedback has the potential to direct how students approach writing assignments. In this study, we examined how graduate student teaching assistants (TAs) attended and responded to students' written lab reports in an introductory biology course. We collected and analyzed marked lab reports from five TAs and interviewed them about their marking decisions. The results show that TAs attended mainly to writing style and form in their markings and comments on lab reports...
June 2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734755/interview-with-the-2018-jdb-travel-award-winner
#5
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
The winner of the 2018 JDB Travel Award was granted to Ms. Victoria Deneke, BS, who is a fifth-year graduate student in Dr. Stefano Di Talia’s laboratory in the Department of Cell Biology at Duke University Medical Center, USA.[…].
May 5, 2018: Journal of Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732677/creation-and-implementation-of-a-flipped-jigsaw-activity-to-stimulate-interest-in-biochemistry-among-medical-students
#6
Charlene Williams, Susan Perlis, John Gaughan, Sangita Phadtare
Learner-centered pedagogical methods that are based on clinical application of basic science concepts through active learning and problem solving are shown to be effective for improving knowledge retention. As the clinical relevance of biochemistry is not always apparent to health-profession students, effective teaching of medical biochemistry should highlight the implications of biochemical concepts in pathology, minimize memorization, and make the concepts memorable for long-term retention. Here, we report the creation and successful implementation of a flipped jigsaw activity that was developed to stimulate interest in learning biochemistry among medical students...
May 6, 2018: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732601/longitudinal-ultrasound-curriculum-incorporation-at-west-virginia-university-school-of-medicine-a-description-and-graduating-students-perceptions
#7
Joseph Minardi, Holly Ressetar, Theresa Foreman, Kristen Craig, Melinda Sharon, John Bassler, Stephen Davis, Anthony Machi, Scott Cottrell, Nicolas Denne, Norman Ferrari, Kenneth Landreth, Bruce Palmer, Gregory Schaefer, Robert Tallaksen, David Wilks, Dorian Williams
OBJECTIVES: Sonography is a clinical tool being incorporated in multiple medical specialties with evidence of improved patient care and cost. Some schools have begun implementing ultrasound curricula. We hope to build upon that foundation and provide another potential framework of incorporation. There are several barriers, including curricular space, equipment and physical space, adequate faculty, and performing assessment. METHODS: At West Virginia University, we began a longitudinal ultrasound curriculum in 2012 with incorporation of didactic and practical sessions into gross anatomy, our systems-based second-year curriculum, physical diagnosis course, and clinical rotations...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732026/-cryptosporidium-spp-infection-in-iranian-children-and-immunosuppressive-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Narges Kalantari, Salman Ghaffari, Masomeh Bayani
Background: Cryptosporidiosis is an important cause of diarrhea in children and immunosuppressive patients. The current study was intended to evaluate the prevalence rate of Cryptosporidium infection and clarify the epidemiological characteristics of the infection in both children and immunosuppressive patients in Iran. Methods: Five English electronic databases including PubMed, Google Scholar, Science Direct, Scopus and Cochrane, and two Persian language databases Magiran and Scientific Information Database were searched...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714513/perceptions-of-non-traditional-tobacco-products-between-asthmatic-and-non-asthmatic-college-students
#9
Mary P Martinasek, Robin M White, Christopher W Wheldon, Linda Gibson-Young
OBJECTIVE: Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) use is common among college students and there are perceptions that ENDS are not as harmful as traditional cigarettes. The aim of this study was to examine differences in ENDS use, risk perceptions and co-occurring smoking behaviors between college students with and without asthma. METHODS: The study consisted of a cross-sectional online survey with a final sample size of 898 college students. The voluntary participation survey was disseminated to all undergraduate and graduate students at a mid-sized liberal arts university in the Southeast U...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676607/meeting-report-iups-and-adinstruments-2017-teaching-workshop
#10
Fernanda Klein Marcondes, Lais Tono Cardozo, Kelly Cristina Gaviao Luchi, Muhammad Irfannuddin, Christina Karatzaferi, Maria José Rocha, Robert G Carroll
Every 4 yr, the International Union of Physiological Sciences (IUPS) Teaching Workshop is held as a traditional satellite event of the IUPS Congress. The 2017 satellite workshop was held August 5-8, 2017 in Búzios, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The workshop provided an opportunity for discussion and experiences in physiology teaching for educators at various levels, graduate students, and undergraduate students. This report describes the workshop activities and reports the participants' perceptions of this event...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672234/transgender-college-students-academic-resilience-and-striving-to-cope-in-the-face-of-marginalized-health
#11
Jenna B Messman, Leigh A Leslie
OBJECTIVE: To examine health behavior and outcome disparities between transgender, female, and male participants in a national sample of US college students. Participants and Method Summary: Analyses utilized secondary data from 32,964 undergraduate and graduate students responding to the Fall 2013 American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment; 65.8% were female, 0.4% were transgender, 67.9% were white, and 90.4% were heterosexual. RESULTS: Transgender students reported more mental health diagnoses, trauma, and suicidality; experienced more violence and less safety, reported more sex partners and sexually transmitted infections (STIs); higher rates of illicit and non-prescription substance use and binge drinking use while engaging in less harm reduction behavior; and reported more barriers to academic success...
April 19, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670064/veterinary-students-knowledge-and-perceptions-about-antimicrobial-stewardship-and-biosecurity-a-national-survey
#12
Laura Hardefeldt, Torben Nielsen, Helen Crabb, James Gilkerson, Richard Squires, Jane Heller, Claire Sharp, Rowland Cobbold, Jacqueline Norris, Glenn Browning
A better understanding of veterinary students’ perceptions, attitudes, and knowledge about antimicrobial stewardship and biosecurity could facilitate more effective education of future veterinarians about these important issues. A multicenter cross-sectional study was performed by administering a questionnaire to veterinary students expected to graduate in 2017 or 2018 in all Australian veterinary schools. Four hundred and seventy-six of 1246 students (38%) completed the survey. Many students were unaware of the high importance of some veterinary drugs to human medicine, specifically enrofloxacin and cefovecin (59% and 47% of responses, respectively)...
April 18, 2018: Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669649/stories-are-like-water-an-academic-writing-workshop-for-nurses
#13
Madeline Walker, Coby Tschanz
Traditionally, there is very little formal instruction in academic writing for nurses in graduate programs. We, the writing scholar and a nurse educator and PhD student at a major Canadian university, describe how we collaborated on developing and delivering a 1-day academic writing workshop for incoming master of nursing students. By sharing this description, we hope to motivate nursing faculty to offer similar workshops to address the dearth of writing instruction for graduate students in nursing and to improve scholarship outcomes...
April 1, 2018: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668784/double-nursing-degree-potentialities-and-challenges-of-an-international-student-academic-experience
#14
Carlise Rigon Dalla Nora, Rafaela Schaefer, Mariana Cabral Schveitzer, Elma Lourdes Campos Pavone Zoboli, Margarida Maria Vieira
Objective To share the experience of a Double Nursing degree promoted between the Nursing School of the Universidade de São Paulo and the Health Sciences Institute of the Universidade Católica Portuguesa, reflecting on the potentialities and challenges of this opportunity for graduate students. Method This is an experience report presented in chronological order and of a descriptive nature. The double degree in Nursing was accomplished over a period of 6 months in a different institution from the institution of origin...
2018: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667456/fertility-and-fertility-preservation-knowledge-awareness-and-attitudes-of-female-graduate-students
#15
Lisa C Hickman, Chelsea Fortin, Linnea Goodman, Xiaobo Liu, Rebecca Flyckt
PURPOSE: To evaluate the general knowledge of female graduate students on reproductive aging and fertility preservation options, as well as to investigate the perceptions, personal beliefs, and desires regarding fertility and preservation modalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey study of female graduate students and medical trainees from academic institutions in Ohio was performed. Women were excluded if the online survey was incomplete or if they were >45 years...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658735/centralization-of-member-voice-in-teams-its-effects-on-expertise-utilization-and-team-performance
#16
Elad N Sherf, Ruchi Sinha, Subrahmaniam Tangirala, Nikhil Awasty
Voice, or the expression of work-related suggestions or opinions, can help teams access and utilize members' privately held knowledge and skills and improve collective outcomes. However, recent research has suggested that sometimes, rather than encourage positive outcomes for teams, voice from members can have detrimental consequences. Extending this research, we highlight why it is important to consider voice centralization within teams, or the extent to which voice is predominantly emanating from only a few members rather than equally spread across all members...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624089/geriatric-interdisciplinary-team-training-2-0-a-collaborative-team-based-approach-to-delivering-care
#17
Maryanne M Giuliante, Sherry A Greenberg, Margaret V McDonald, Allison Squires, Ronnie Moore, Tara A Cortes
Interprofessional collaborative education and practice has become a cornerstone of optimal person-centered management in the current complex health care climate. This is especially important when working with older adults, many with multiple chronic conditions and challenging health care needs. This paper describes a feasibility study of the Geriatric Interdisciplinary Team Training 2.0 (GITT 2.0) program focused on providing interprofessional care to complex and frail older adults with multiple chronic conditions...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615445/piloting-the-addition-of-contingency-management-to-best-practice-counselling-as-an-adjunct-treatment-for-rural-and-remote-disordered-gamblers-study-protocol
#18
Darren R Christensen, Chad S G Witcher, Trent Leighton, Rebecca Hudson-Breen, Samuel Ofori-Dei
INTRODUCTION: Problematic gambling is a significant Canadian public health concern that causes harm to the gambler, their families, and society. However, a significant minority of gambling treatment seekers drop out prior to the issue being resolved; those with higher impulsivity scores have the highest drop-out rates. Consequently, retention is a major concern for treatment providers. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and internet-delivered CBT and contingency management (CM+) as treatments for gambling disorder in rural Albertan populations...
April 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614110/the-art-and-science-of-selecting-graduate-students-in-the-biomedical-sciences-performance-in-doctoral-study-of-the-foundational-sciences
#19
Hee-Young Park, Oren Berkowitz, Karen Symes, Shoumita Dasgupta
The goal of this study was to investigate associations between admissions criteria and performance in Ph.D. programs at Boston University School of Medicine. The initial phase of this project examined student performance in the classroom component of a newly established curriculum named "Foundations in Biomedical Sciences (FiBS)". Quantitative measures including undergraduate grade point average (GPA), graduate record examination (GRE; a standardized, computer-based test) scores for the verbal (assessment of test takers' ability to analyze, evaluate, and synthesize information and concepts provided in writing) and quantitative (assessment of test takers' problem-solving ability) components of the examination, previous research experience, and competitiveness of previous research institution were used in the study...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607990/-efforts-to-promote-research-integrity-in-academia
#20
Hiroyuki Yasui
 The revised model/core curriculum for pharmaceutical education in Japan was introduced in 2015. The need to provide ethics education, which includes research integrity for pharmacists and those conducting pharmaceutical research, was clearly described in the document: "G: pharmaceutical research (2) rule of law and ethics essential for research activity." Additionally, this newly introduced model/core curriculum was officially requested within each pharmaceutical university. As recently as 2014, a severe situation was exposed in the field of life sciences and clinical research: many reports emerged about scientific misconduct in Japan...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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