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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726971/an-environment-for-guideline-based-decision-support-systems-for%C3%A2-outpatients-monitoring
#1
Elisa M Zini, Giordano Lanzola, Paolo Bossi, Silvana Quaglini
OBJECTIVES: We propose an architecture for monitoring outpatients that relies on mobile technologies for acquiring data. The goal is to better control the onset of possible side effects between the scheduled visits at the clinic. METHODS: We analyze the architectural components required to ensure a high level of abstraction from data. Clinical practice guidelines were formalized with Alium, an authoring tool based on the PROforma language, using SNOMED-CT as a terminology standard...
July 19, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722128/solar-insolation-in-springtime-influences-age-of-onset-of-bipolar-i-disorder
#2
M Bauer, T Glenn, M Alda, M A Aleksandrovich, O A Andreassen, E Angelopoulos, R Ardau, Y Ayhan, C Baethge, S R Bharathram, R Bauer, B T Baune, C Becerra-Palars, F Bellivier, R H Belmaker, M Berk, Y Bersudsky, Ş Bicakci, H Birabwa-Oketcho, T D Bjella, L Bossini, J Cabrera, E Y W Cheung, M Del Zompo, S Dodd, M Donix, B Etain, A Fagiolini, K N Fountoulakis, M A Frye, A Gonzalez-Pinto, J F Gottlieb, P Grof, H Harima, C Henry, E T Isometsä, S Janno, F Kapczinski, M Kardell, S Khaldi, S Kliwicki, B König, T L Kot, R Krogh, M Kunz, B Lafer, M Landén, E R Larsen, U Lewitzka, R W Licht, C Lopez-Jaramillo, G MacQueen, M Manchia, W Marsh, M Martinez-Cengotitabengoa, I Melle, F Meza-Urzúa, M Yee Ming, S Monteith, G Morken, E Mosca, R Munoz, S V Mythri, F Nacef, R K Nadella, F G Nery, R E Nielsen, C O'Donovan, A Omrani, Y Osher, H Østermark Sørensen, U Ouali, Y Pica Ruiz, M Pilhatsch, M Pinna, F D R da Ponte, D Quiroz, R Ramesar, N Rasgon, M S Reddy, A Reif, P Ritter, J K Rybakowski, K Sagduyu, Â M Scippa, E Severus, C Simhandl, D J Stein, S Strejilevich, M Subramaniam, A H Sulaiman, K Suominen, H Tagata, Y Tatebayashi, L Tondo, C Torrent, A E Vaaler, J Veeh, E Vieta, B Viswanath, M Yoldi-Negrete, M Zetin, Y Zgueb, P C Whybrow
OBJECTIVE: To confirm prior findings that the larger the maximum monthly increase in solar insolation in springtime, the younger the age of onset of bipolar disorder. METHOD: Data were collected from 5536 patients at 50 sites in 32 countries on six continents. Onset occurred at 456 locations in 57 countries. Variables included solar insolation, birth-cohort, family history, polarity of first episode and country physician density. RESULTS: There was a significant, inverse association between the maximum monthly increase in solar insolation at the onset location, and the age of onset...
July 19, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713615/effects-of-radiofrequency-exposure-emitted-from-a-gsm-mobile-phone-on-proliferation-differentiation-and-apoptosis-of-neural-stem-cells
#3
Mahsa Eghlidospour, Amir Ghanbari, Seyyed Mohammad Javad Mortazavi, Hassan Azari
Due to the importance of neural stem cells (NSCs) in plasticity of the nervous system and treating neurodegenerative diseases, the main goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of radiofrequency radiation emitted from a GSM 900-MHz mobile phone with different exposure duration on proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis of adult murine NSCs in vitro. We used neurosphere assay to evaluate NSCs proliferation, and immunofluorescence assay of neural cell markers to examine NSCs differentiation. We also employed alamarBlue and caspase 3 apoptosis assays to assess harmful effects of mobile phone on NSCs...
June 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709856/developing-smartphone-apps-for-behavioural-studies-the-alcorisk-app-case-study
#4
Anthony Smith, Kristy de Salas, Ian Lewis, Benjamin Schüz
Advances in mobile technology and significantly increasing utilization of mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets have resulted in a paradigm shift from PC-centric computing to mobile computing. The results of careful analysis conducted of this mobile landscape indicate that there is a growing demand for smart, user-centric, situation-aware mobile software. Invariably, concomitant with this demand is the need for methodologies that can provide support the development of this type of software. In this paper, we propose a semantic framework, called the mobile situation-aware framework, which supports efficient modeling, construction, processing, management, and inference of mobile situation information...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708067/enhanced-handover-decision-algorithm-in-heterogeneous-wireless-network
#5
Radhwan Mohamed Abdullah, Zuriati Ahmad Zukarnain
Transferring a huge amount of data between different network locations over the network links depends on the network's traffic capacity and data rate. Traditionally, a mobile device may be moved to achieve the operations of vertical handover, considering only one criterion, that is the Received Signal Strength (RSS). The use of a single criterion may cause service interruption, an unbalanced network load and an inefficient vertical handover. In this paper, we propose an enhanced vertical handover decision algorithm based on multiple criteria in the heterogeneous wireless network...
July 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698773/next-generation-house-call
#6
Jamie L Adams, Christopher G Tarolli, E Ray Dorsey
Just as online shopping is supplanting visits to the mall, and distance learning is part of the new wave in higher education, so is health care coming to a computer or mobile device near you. In the next few years, telehealth will increasingly become part of psychiatric and neurological care. Still to overcome is an unwieldy health care system that will need to adapt to practices that have the potential to lower costs and improve care.
January 2017: Cerebrum: the Dana Forum on Brain Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698645/heart-rhythm-characterization-through-induced-physiological-variables
#7
Jean-François Pons, Zouhair Haddi, Jean-Claude Deharo, Ahmed Charaï, Rachid Bouchakour, Mustapha Ouladsine, Stéphane Delliaux
Atrial fibrillation remains a major cause of morbi-mortality, making mass screening desirable and leading industry to actively develop devices devoted to automatic AF detection. Because there is a tendency toward mobile devices, there is a need for an accurate, rapid method for studying short inter-beat interval time series for real-time automatic medical monitoring. We report a new methodology to efficiently select highly discriminative variables between physiological states, here a normal sinus rhythm or atrial fibrillation...
July 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698169/effectiveness-of-digital-medicines-to-improve-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-uncontrolled-hypertension-and-type-2-diabetes-prospective-open-label-cluster-randomized-pilot-clinical-trial
#8
Juan Frias, Naunihal Virdi, Praveen Raja, Yoona Kim, George Savage, Lars Osterberg
BACKGROUND: Hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus are major modifiable risk factors for cardiac, cerebrovascular, and kidney diseases. Reasons for poor disease control include nonadherence, lack of patient engagement, and therapeutic inertia. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the impact on clinic-measured blood pressure (BP) and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) using a digital medicine offering (DMO) that measures medication ingestion adherence, physical activity, and rest using digital medicines (medication taken with ingestible sensor), wearable sensor patches, and a mobile device app...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696681/optical-ph-sensor-covering-the-range-from-ph-0-14-compatible-with-mobile-device-readout-and-based-on-a-set-of-rationally-designed-indicator-dyes
#9
Raúl Gotor, Pichandi Ashokkumar, Mandy Hecht, Karin Keil, Knut Rurack
In this work, a family of pH-responsive fluorescent probes has been designed in a rational manner with the aid of quantum chemistry tools, covering the entire pH range from 0-14. Relying on the boron-dipyrromethene (BODIPY) core, all the probes as well as selected reference dyes display very similar spectroscopic properties with ON-OFF fluorescence switching responses, facilitating optical readout in simple devices used for detection and analysis. Embedding of the probes and references dyes into hydrogel spots on a plastic strip yielded a test strip that reversibly indicates pH with a considerably small uncertainty of ca...
July 11, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693345/anesthesia-quality-and-patient-safety-in-china-a-survey
#10
Bin Zhu, Huan Gao, Xiangyong Zhou, Jeffrey Huang
There has been no nationwide investigation into anesthesia quality and patient safety in China. The authors surveyed Chinese anesthesiologists about anesthesia quality by sending a survey to all anesthesiologist members of the New Youth Anesthesia Forum via WeChat. The respondents could choose to use a mobile device or desktop to complete the survey. The overall response rate was 43%. Intraoperative monitoring: 77.9% of respondents reported that electrocardiogram monitoring was routinely applied for all patients; only 55% of the respondents reported that they routinely used end-tidal carbon dioxide monitoring for their patients under general anesthesia...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691867/an-international-survey-of-veterinary-students-to-assess-their-use-of-online-learning-resources
#11
Laura Gledhill, Vicki H M Dale, Sonya Powney, Gemma H L Gaitskell-Phillips, Nick R M Short
Today's veterinary students have access to a wide range of online resources that support self-directed learning. To develop a benchmark of current global student practice in e-learning, this study measured self-reported access to, and use of, these resources by students internationally. An online survey was designed and promoted via veterinary student mailing lists and international organizations, resulting in 1,070 responses. Analysis of survey data indicated that students now use online resources in a wide range of ways to support their learning...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691740/nutritional-monitoring-of-patients-post-bariatric-surgery-implications-for-smartphone-applications
#12
L Elvin-Walsh, M Ferguson, P F Collins
BACKGROUND: Optimal results from bariatric surgery are contingent on patient commitment to dietary and lifestyle changes and follow-up care. The present study aimed to investigate the attitudes and use of mobile health (mHealth) smartphone applications (apps) as a potential tool for maintaining connectivity between dietitians and patients post-bariatric surgery. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was developed and distributed to a purposeful sample of bariatric dietitians and bariatric patients in Australia...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691119/a-mobile-food-record-for-integrated-dietary-assessment
#13
Ziad Ahmad, Deborah A Kerr, Marc Bosch, Carol J Boushey, Edward J Delp, Nitin Khanna, Fengqing Zhu
This paper presents an integrated dietary assessment system based on food image analysis that uses mobile devices or smartphones. We describe two components of our integrated system: a mobile application and an image-based food nutrient database that is connected to the mobile application. An easy-to-use mobile application user interface is described that was designed based on user preferences as well as the requirements of the image analysis methods. The user interface is validated by user feedback collected from several studies...
October 2016: MADiMa16 (2016)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690444/the-benefits-of-a-real-time-web-based-response-system-for-enhancing-engaged-learning-in-classrooms-and-public-science-events
#14
Mark A Sarvary, Kathleen M Gifford
Large introduction to neuroscience classes and small science cafés have the same goal: bridging the gap between the presenter and the audience to convey the information while being engaging. Early classroom response systems became the cornerstone of flipped and engaged learning. These "clickers" helped turn lectures into dialogues, allowing the presenter to become a facilitator rather than a "sage on the stage." Rapid technological developments, especially the increase of computing power opened up new opportunities, moving these systems from a clicker device onto cellphones and laptops...
2017: Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: JUNE: a Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687735/effect-of-carrier-confinement-on-effective-mass-of-excitons-and-estimation-of-ultralow-disorder-in-al-x-ga1-x-as-gaas-quantum-wells-by-magneto-photoluminescence
#15
S Haldar, V K Dixit, Geetanjali Vashisht, Shailesh Kumar Khamari, S Porwal, T K Sharma, S M Oak
Effect of charge carrier confinement and ultra-low disorder acquainted in AlGaAs/GaAs multi-quantum well system is investigated via Magneto-photoluminescence spectroscopy. Significant increase of effective mass is observed for the confined exciton in narrow QWs. The foremost reason behind such an observation is due to the induced non-parabolicity in bands. Moreover, as the thickness of the QW are reduced, confined excitons in QW experience atomic irregularities at the hetero-junctions and their effects are prominent in the photoluminescence linewidth...
July 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679428/using-participatory-methods-to-design-an-mhealth-intervention-for-a-low-income-country-a-case-study-in-chikwawa-malawi
#16
Rebecca Laidlaw, Diane Dixon, Tracy Morse, Tara K Beattie, Save Kumwenda, Grant Mpemberera
BACKGROUND: mHealth holds the potential to educate rural communities in developing countries such as Malawi, on issues which over-burdened and under staffed health centres do not have the facilities to address. Previous research provides support that mHealth could be used as a vehicle for health education campaigns at a community level; however the limited involvement of potential service users in the research process endangers both user engagement and intervention effectiveness. METHODS: This two stage qualitative study used participatory action research to inform the design and development of an mHealth education intervention...
July 5, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678880/churn-prediction-of-mobile-and-online-casual-games-using-play-log-data
#17
Seungwook Kim, Daeyoung Choi, Eunjung Lee, Wonjong Rhee
Internet-connected devices, especially mobile devices such as smartphones, have become widely accessible in the past decade. Interaction with such devices has evolved into frequent and short-duration usage, and this phenomenon has resulted in a pervasive popularity of casual games in the game sector. On the other hand, development of casual games has become easier than ever as a result of the advancement of development tools. With the resulting fierce competition, now both acquisition and retention of users are the prime concerns in the field...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676469/direct-to-consumer-promotion-of-prescription-drugs-on-mobile-devices-content-analysis
#18
Kathryn J Aikin, Helen W Sullivan, Suzanne Dolina, Molly Lynch, Linda B Squiers
BACKGROUND: US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations state that any prescription drug promotion that presents drug benefits to consumers must also disclose certain information about the drug's risks in a similar manner. Nearly three-quarters of all US mobile phone subscribers use a smartphone, and over half report receiving mobile advertisements on their device. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this project was to investigate how prescription drugs are being promoted to consumers using mobile technologies...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673889/presurgical-planning-for-supratentorial-lesions-with-free-slicer-software-and-sina-app
#19
Ji-Gang Chen, Kai-Wei Han, Dan-Feng Zhang, Zhen-Xing Li, Yi-Ming Li, Li-Jun Hou
BACKGROUND: Neuronavigation system is widely used in the localization of intracranial lesions with satisfactory accuracy. However, it's expensive and difficult to learn. Therefore, simple and practical augmented reality (AR) system using mobile devices might be an alternative technique. OBJECTIVE: We aim to introduce a mobile AR system for the localization of supratentorial lesions. Its practicability and accuracy were examined by clinical application in patients and comparison with standard neuronavigation system...
June 30, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671576/hybrid-optical-unobtrusive-blood-pressure-measurements
#20
Guangfei Zhang, Caifeng Shan, Ihor Kirenko, Xi Long, Ronald M Aarts
Blood pressure (BP) is critical in diagnosing certain cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension. Some previous studies have proved that BP can be estimated by pulse transit time (PTT) calculated by a pair of photoplethysmography (PPG) signals at two body sites. Currently, contact PPG (cPPG) and imaging PPG (iPPG) are two feasible ways to obtain PPG signals. In this study, we proposed a hybrid system (called the ICPPG system) employing both methods that can be implemented on a wearable device, facilitating the measurement of BP in an inconspicuous way...
July 1, 2017: Sensors
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