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"mobile device"

Peter J Morone, Kimon Bekelis, Brandon K Root, Robert J Singer
BACKGROUND: Multiple external ventricular drain (EVD) simulators have been created, yet their cost, bulky size, and nonreusable components limit their accessibility to residency programs. OBJECTIVE: To create and validate an animated EVD simulator that is accessible on a mobile device. METHODS: We developed a mobile-based EVD simulator that is compatible with iOS (Apple Inc., Cupertino, California) and Android-based devices (Google, Mountain View, California) and can be downloaded from the Apple App and Google Play Store...
October 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
Bastian Nucci, Pierre-Geraud Claret, Gilles Leclerc, Arnaud Chaumeron, Philippe Grillo, Clément Buleon, Vincent Leprince, Mathieu Raux, Vincent Minville, Emmanuel Futier, Jean-Yves Lefrant, Philippe Cuvillon
BACKGROUND: Use of the internet as an information search tool has increased dramatically. Our study assessed preoperative use of the internet by patients to search for information regarding anaesthesia, surgery, pain or outcomes. OBJECTIVE(S): The aim of this study was to test whether patients used the internet prior to surgery and what kinds of information they looked for (anaesthetic technique, pain, adverse events, outcomes and surgery). Correlation between patient age and information sought about surgery from the internet was also explored...
September 16, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Petra Marešová, Blanka Klímová, Kamil Kuča
At present mental disorders affect approximately 450 million people around the world. Depressive disorder is probably one of the most serious disorders and as a type of chronic disease, it represents a global threat and burdens economic and social systems of both individuals and governments worldwide. One of these most recent non-pharmacological approaches is also the so-called mHealth (mobile health), the use of mobile devices for the practice of medicine and public health, which proves to be effective particularly in the early stages of depression...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Farmacie
Dong Ju Kim, Chi Yeon Lim, Namyi Gu, Choul Yong Park
PURPOSE: In the present study, the visual discomfort induced by smart mobile devices was assessed in normal and healthy adults. METHODS: Fifty-nine volunteers (age, 38.16 ± 10.23 years; male : female = 19 : 40) were exposed to tablet computer screen stimuli (iPad Air, Apple Inc.) for 1 hour. Participants watched a movie or played a computer game on the tablet computer. Visual fatigue and discomfort were assessed using an asthenopia questionnaire, tear film break-up time, and total ocular wavefront aberration before and after viewing smart mobile devices...
July 18, 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
Rami Hashish, Megan E Toney-Bolger, Sarah S Sharpe, Benjamin D Lester, Adam Mulliken
BACKGROUND/AIM: Walking requires the integration of the sensory and motor systems. Cognitive distractions have been shown to interfere with negotiation of complex walking environments, especially in populations at greater risk for falls (e.g. the elderly). With the pervasiveness of mobile messaging and the recent introduction of augmented reality mobile gaming, it is increasingly important to understand how distraction associated with the simultaneous use of a mobile device impacts navigation of the complex walking environments experienced in daily life...
September 5, 2017: Gait & Posture
Ian Coffman, Helaine E Resnick, Corinna E Lathan
BACKGROUND: Caregivers of persons with dementia/Alzheimer's disease (AD) experience considerable physical and psychological burdens associated with their caregiving role. Although mobile technologies have the potential to deliver caregiver supports, it is necessary to demonstrate that caregivers in need of these supports are technology-enabled, that they can be identified and accessed, and that they experience the same unfavorable mental health outcomes characteristic of the broader caregiving population...
2017: MHealth
Nadeem Gire, Saeed Farooq, Farooq Naeem, Joy Duxbury, Mick McKeown, Pardeep Singh Kundi, Imran Bashir Chaudhry, Nusrat Husain
The relative burden of mental health disorders is increasing globally, in terms of prevalence and disability. There is limited data available to guide treatment choices for clinicians in low resourced settings, with mHealth technologies being a potentially beneficial avenue to bridging the large mental health treatment gap globally. The aim of the review was to search the literature systematically for studies of mHealth interventions for psychosis globally, and to examine whether mHealth for psychosis has been investigated...
2017: MHealth
Yu-Hsi Yuan, Sang-Bing Tsai, Chien-Yun Dai, Hsiao-Ming Chen, Wan-Fei Chen, Chia-Huei Wu, Guodong Li, Jiangtao Wang
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among employees' usage intention pertaining to mobile information devices, focusing on subjective judgement, technology acceptance tendency, information sharing behavior and information transfer. A research model was established to verify several hypotheses. The research model based on integrated concepts of knowledge management and technology acceptance modeling. Participants were employees of enterprises in Taiwan, selected by combining snowball and convenience sampling...
2017: PloS One
Lynnette Nathalie Lyzwinski, Liam Caffery, Matthew Bambling, Sisira Edirippulige
INTRODUCTION: Recent research indicates that mindfulness-based interventions are effective for stress, maladaptive weight-related behaviors, and weight loss. Little is presently known about their applicability and effectiveness when delivered electronically, including through Web-based and mobile device media. The primary aims of this review were to identify what types of electronic mindfulness-based interventions have been undertaken for stress, maladaptive weight-related behaviors, and weight loss, and to assess their overall effectiveness...
September 8, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Rebecca McCarroll, Helen Eyles, Cliona Ni Mhurchu
Unhealthy eating is a major risk factor for chronic disease. However, many current strategies to promote healthy eating are not sustainable over the longer-term. More cost-effective wide-reaching initiatives are urgently needed. Mobile health (mHealth) interventions, delivered via mobile devices, could provide a solution. This systematic review summarized the evidence on the effect of mHealth interventions for promoting healthy eating in adults. A comprehensive systematic search of five scientific databases was conducted using methods adapted from the Cochrane Handbook...
September 4, 2017: Preventive Medicine
Muhammad Ehatisham-Ul-Haq, Muhammad Awais Azam, Jonathan Loo, Kai Shuang, Syed Islam, Usman Naeem, Yasar Amin
Smartphones are context-aware devices that provide a compelling platform for ubiquitous computing and assist users in accomplishing many of their routine tasks anytime and anywhere, such as sending and receiving emails. The nature of tasks conducted with these devices has evolved with the exponential increase in the sensing and computing capabilities of a smartphone. Due to the ease of use and convenience, many users tend to store their private data, such as personal identifiers and bank account details, on their smartphone...
September 6, 2017: Sensors
Anton Kaufmann, Stephan Walker
RATIONALE: The linear intrascan and interscan dynamic ranges of mass spectrometers are important in metabolome and residue analysis. A large linear dynamic range is mandatory if both low and high abundance ions have to be detected and quantitated in heavy matrix samples. These performance criteria, as provided by modern high resolution mass spectrometry, were systematically investigated. METHODS: The comparison included two generations of Orbitraps, and an ion mobility quadrupole time-of-flight (Q-TOF) system In addition, different scan modes, as provided by the utilized instruments, were investigated...
September 5, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
Mathieu Raynal, Philippe Roussille
Touch screens rapidly and significantly replace physical keyboards on mobile devices. Hence, text entry is now dependent on soft keyboards that are widely used by sighted people, but raise accessibility issues for visually impaired users. These users rely on tactile exploration with vocal feedback of the whole screen for entering text, which is time consuming. A software keyboard that aims reducing tactile exploration and speeding up text entry for VI users was designed. It relies on the selection of the first letter of a word and rapid and inaccurate typing of the remaining letters...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Lauren Powell, Phil Joddrell, Jack Parker
With rapid growth of Internet accessibility over recent years, the way in which we engage with healthcare services and make decisions about our own healthcare has changed. One form of engagement with the Internet is through the use of mobile applications (apps) via mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. As a result of this, many apps have been developed to target people with varying long term conditions. These apps may aim to help educate individuals about their condition or help them to manage it...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Marion Hersh, Barbara Leporini
The paper presents the preliminary results of an ongoing survey of the use of computers and mobile devices, interest in recommender apps and knowledge and concerns about privacy issues amongst English and Italian speaking disabled people. Participants were found to be regular users of computers and mobile devices for a range of applications. They were interested in recommender apps for household items, computer software and apps that met their accessibility and other requirements. They showed greater concerns about controlling access to personal data of different types than this data being retained by the computer or mobile device...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Jiajun Sun, Ningzhong Liu
Incentive mechanisms of crowdsensing have recently been intensively explored. Most of these mechanisms mainly focus on the standard economical goals like truthfulness and utility maximization. However, enormous privacy and security challenges need to be faced directly in real-life environments, such as cost privacies. In this paper, we investigate offline verifiable privacy-protection crowdsensing issues. We firstly present a general verifiable privacy-protection incentive mechanism for the offline homogeneous and heterogeneous sensing job model...
September 4, 2017: Sensors
Ricardo Langner, Tom Horak, Raimund Dachselt
We present VISTILES, a conceptual framework that uses a set of mobile devices to distribute and coordinate visualization views for the exploration of multivariate data. In contrast to desktop-based interfaces for information visualization, mobile devices offer the potential to provide a dynamic and user-defined interface supporting co-located collaborative data exploration with different individual workflows. As part of our framework, we contribute concepts that enable users to interact with coordinated & multiple views (CMV) that are distributed across several mobile devices...
August 29, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Yichi Zhang, King Ngi Ngan, Lin Ma, Hongliang Li
The tremendous growth in mobile devices has resulted in huge generation and usage of digital images. Image quality assessment is thus an important issue for mobile media applications. In this work, we focus on the quality evaluation of images generated by content-aware image retargeting, in which the reference and the distorted images are of different sizes. Through retargeting, many types of deformation inconsistency lead to shape distortion, deformation artifacts and content information loss, worsening its perceptual quality...
August 29, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
Aurelio Di Pasquale, Robert S McCann, Nicolas Maire
Remotely sensed data can serve as an independent source of information about the location of residential structures in areas under demographic and health surveillance. We report on results obtained combining satellite imagery, imported from Bing, with location data routinely collected using the built-in GPS sensors of tablet computers, to assess completeness of population coverage in a Health and Demographic Surveillance System in Malawi. The Majete Malaria Project Health and Demographic Surveillance System, in Malawi, started in 2014 to support a project with the aim of studying the reduction of malaria using an integrated control approach by rolling out insecticide treated nets and improved case management supplemented with house improvement and larval source management...
2017: PloS One
Karen McCutcheon, Maria Lohan
Technological educational resources require planning and structure to ensure successful implementation. This article describes the development, and evolution of, an online educational training package for third-year undergraduate nursing students. It explains how a 'logic model' was used as a framework to help develop and implement an online clinical supervision supervisee-training programme, and describes evolution of the framework to an app for mobile devices.
August 30, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
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