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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792326/common-principles-of-molecular-electronics-and-nanoscale-electrochemistry
#1
Paulo Roberto Bueno
The merging of nanoscale electronics and electrochemistry can potentially modernize the way electronic devices are currently engineered or constructed. It is well known that the greatest challenges will involve not only miniaturizing and improving the performance of mobile devices, but also manufacturing reliable electrical vehicles, and engineering more efficient solar panels and energy storage systems. These are just a few examples of how technological innovation is dependent on both electrochemical and electronic elements...
May 24, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784634/evaluation-of-app-based-serious-gaming-as-a-training-method-in-teaching-chest-tube-insertion-to-medical-students-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Patrick Haubruck, Felix Nickel, Julian Ober, Tilman Walker, Christian Bergdolt, Mirco Friedrich, Beat Peter Müller-Stich, Franziska Forchheim, Christian Fischer, Gerhard Schmidmaier, Michael C Tanner
BACKGROUND: The insertion of a chest tube should be as quick and accurate as possible to maximize the benefit and minimize possible complications for the patient. Therefore, comprehensive training and assessment before an emergency situation are essential for proficiency in chest tube insertion. Serious games have become more prevalent in surgical training because they enable students to study and train a procedure independently, and errors made have no effect on patients. However, up-to-date evidence regarding the effect of serious games on performance in procedures in emergency medicine remains scarce...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781869/utilizing-facebook-and-automated-telephone-calls-to-increase-adoption-of-a-local-smoke-alarm-installation-program
#3
Shannon Frattaroli, Eric Schulman, Eileen M McDonald, Elise C Omaki, Wendy C Shields, Vanya Jones, William Brewer
CONTEXT: Innovative strategies are needed to improve the prevalence of working smoke alarms in homes. To our knowledge, this is the first study to report on the effectiveness of Facebook advertising and automated telephone calls as population-level strategies to encourage an injury prevention behavior. OBJECTIVE: We examine the effectiveness of Facebook advertising and automated telephone calls as strategies to enroll individuals in Baltimore City's Fire Department's free smoke alarm installation program...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780585/capturing-commemoration-using-mobile-recordings-within-memory-research
#4
Carolyn Birdsall, Danielle Drozdzewski
This paper details the contribution of mobile devices to capturing commemoration in action. It investigates the incorporation of audio and sound recording devices, observation, and note-taking into a mobile (auto)ethnographic research methodology, to research a large-scale commemorative event in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. On May 4, 2016, the sounds of a Silent March-through the streets of Amsterdam to Dam Square-were recorded and complemented by video grabs of the march's participants and onlookers. We discuss how the mixed method enabled a multilevel analysis across visual, textual, and aural layers of the commemorative atmosphere...
May 2018: Mobile Media & Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777530/-power-in-mobility-parent-and-therapist-perspectives-of-the-experiences-of-children-learning-to-use-powered-mobility
#5
Lisa K Kenyon, W Ben Mortenson, William C Miller
AIM: The aim of this study was to gain insights, from the perspectives of both parents and pediatric therapists, into the experiences of children learning to use a power mobility device. METHOD: The purposive sample included 33 participants: 14 parents of children who were learning, or had learned, to use a power mobility device and 19 pediatric occupational therapists or physical therapists. Data were gathered face-to-face via seven focus groups consisting of either parents or therapists, and eight one-on-one interviews...
May 18, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772963/simplifying-skin-disease-diagnosis-with-topical-nanotechnology
#6
David C Yeo, Chenjie Xu
A new study published in the journal Nature Biomedical Engineering1 documents a novel diagnostic technology that exploits topically applied nanotechnology to detect skin tissue biomarkers for diagnosis. This concept is demonstrated by noninvasively imaging connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) mRNA in abnormal scar cells, whole tissue, and animal models. In this commentary, we highlight the main findings and discuss their implications. Successful implementation in the clinic could give rise to self-applied, biopsy-free diagnostic technology and significantly reduce healthcare burden...
May 1, 2018: SLAS Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772779/sober-mcs-sociability-oriented-and-battery-efficient-recruitment-for-mobile-crowd-sensing
#7
Fazel Anjomshoa, Burak Kantarci
The Internet of Things (IoT) concept is aiming at being an integral part of the next generation networking services by introducing pervasiveness and ubiquitous interconnectivity of uniquely-identifiable objects. The massive availability of personalized smart devices such as smartphones and wearables enable their penetration into the IoT ecosystem with their built-in sensors, particularly in Mobile Crowd-Sensing (MCS) campaigns. The MCS systems achieve the objectives of the large-scale non-dedicated sensing concept in the IoT if a sufficient number of participants are engaged to the collaborative data acquisition process...
May 17, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770243/mobile-technology-in-undergraduate-nursing-education-a-systematic-review
#8
Hyejung Lee, Haeyoung Min, Su-Mi Oh, Kaka Shim
Objectives: This study aimed to identify and systematically review the literature on the use of mobile technology in nursing education. The research findings could evidence the effectiveness of mobile technology in undergraduate nursing students' learning outcomes. Methods: Computerized searches were conducted using the Ovid-MEDLINE, Ovid-EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and CINAHL databases for relevant primary studies and limited to those between 2000 and February 2018...
April 2018: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764803/effectiveness-of-a-combined-web-based-and-ecological-momentary-intervention-for-incoming-first-year-university-students-protocol-for-a-3-arm-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Benjamin C Riordan, Saleh Moradi, Kate B Carey, Tamlin S Conner, Kyungho Jang, Kelly E Reid, Damian Scarf
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use among university students is common, and those who drink often choose to drink heavily (ie, 4 or more drinks per session for women or 5 or more for men). Web-based interventions (WBIs), in which students complete assessments and receive personalized feedback about their alcohol use, and ecological momentary interventions (EMIs), which use mobile devices as a method of delivering intervention information, are 2 methods that have had some success in reducing alcohol use among university students...
May 15, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763990/mobile-applications-for-women-s-health-and-midwifery-care-a-pocket-reference-for-the-21st-century
#10
Megan W Arbour, Melissa A Stec
Midwives and other women's health care providers are charged with providing high-quality care to women based on the most current available evidence. Quick, reliable, and accurate access to evidence-based information is essential. Numerous smartphone and mobile device applications (apps) are available to assist clinicians in providing care for women. This article discusses clinical reference apps, including those for evidence-based care guidelines, women's health care, pharmacologic reference, laboratory and diagnostic guides, as well as apps for information storage and management, electronic health records, and client education...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761533/adaptation-of-the-adult-functional-mobility-assessment-fma-into-a-fma-family-centred-fma-fc-paediatric-version
#11
D B Beavers, M B Holm, J C Rogers, T Plummer, M Schmeler
AIM: The aims of this study were to adapt an adult wheeled mobility outcome measure, the Functional Mobility Assessment, for use with children (FMA-Family Centred) and establish the new measure's content validity, test-retest reliability, and internal consistency. BACKGROUND: Although several tools exist to measure a child's ability to operate and move a wheeled mobility device, none focus on the ability of the wheeled mobility device to support children and their families as they perform daily activities...
May 15, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759955/translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-malay-version-of-the-system-usability-scale-questionnaire-for-the-assessment-of-mobile-apps
#12
Muhamad Fadhil Mohamad Marzuki, Nor Azwany Yaacob, Najib Majdi Yaacob
BACKGROUND: A mobile app is a programmed system designed to be used by a target user on a mobile device. The usability of such a system refers not only to the extent to which product can be used to achieve the task that it was designed for, but also its effectiveness and efficiency, as well as user satisfaction. The System Usability Scale is one of the most commonly used questionnaires used to assess the usability of a system. The original 10-item version of System Usability Scale was developed in English and thus needs to be adapted into local languages to assess the usability of a mobile apps developed in other languages...
May 14, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753356/measurement-equivalence-of-patient-reported-outcome-measure-response-scale-types-collected-using-bring-your-own-device-compared-to-paper-and-a-provisioned-device-results-of-a-randomized-equivalence-trial
#13
Bill Byrom, Helen Doll, Willie Muehlhausen, Emuella Flood, Cater Cassedy, Bryan McDowell, Jeremy Sohn, Kyle Hogan, Ryan Belmont, Barbara Skerritt, Marie McCarthy
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the measurement equivalence of individual response scale types by using a patient reported outcome measure (PROM) collected on paper and migrated into electronic format for use on the subject's own mobile device (BYOD) and on a provisioned device (site device). METHODS: Subjects suffering from chronic health conditions causing daily pain or discomfort were invited to participate in this single-site, single visit, three-way crossover study...
May 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742287/a-mobile-health-technology-enabled-home-based-intervention-to-treat-frailty-in-adult-lung-transplant-candidates-a-pilot-study
#14
Jonathan P Singer, Allison Soong, Alan Bruun, Ayana Bracha, Greg Chin, Steven R Hays, Jasleen Kukreja, Julia Rigler, Jeff A Golden, John R Greenland, Chris Garvey
BACKGROUND: Frailty is prevalent in lung transplant candidates (LTC) and is associated with waitlist delisting or death. We performed a pilot study to assess the safety and feasibility of a home-based, mobile-health technology facilitated intervention to treat frailty in LTC. METHODS: We performed an 8-week, non-randomized, home-based exercise and nutrition intervention in LTC with Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) frailty scores of ≤11. The intervention utilized a customized, mobile device application ("app") enabling monitoring and progression of the intervention in real-time...
May 9, 2018: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740786/rapid-evidence-review-of-mobile-applications-for-self-management-of-diabetes
#15
Stephanie Veazie, Kara Winchell, Jennifer Gilbert, Robin Paynter, Ilya Ivlev, Karen B Eden, Kerri Nussbaum, Nicole Weiskopf, Jeanne-Marie Guise, Mark Helfand
BACKGROUND: Patients with diabetes lack information on which commercially available applications (apps) improve diabetes-related outcomes. We conducted a rapid evidence review to examine features, clinical efficacy, and usability of apps for self-management of type 1 and type 2 diabetes in adults. METHODS: Ovid/Medline and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched for systematic reviews and technology assessments. Reference lists of relevant systematic reviews were examined for primary studies...
May 8, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740330/heart-failure-and-frailty-in-the-community-living-elderly-population-what-the-ufo-study-will-tell-us
#16
Erik Fung, Elsie Hui, Xiaobo Yang, Leong T Lui, King F Cheng, Qi Li, Yiting Fan, Daljit S Sahota, Bosco H M Ma, Jenny S W Lee, Alex P W Lee, Jean Woo
Heart failure and frailty are clinical syndromes that present with overlapping phenotypic characteristics. Importantly, their co-presence is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. While mechanical and electrical device therapies for heart failure are vital for select patients with advanced stage disease, the majority of patients and especially those with undiagnosed heart failure would benefit from early disease detection and prompt initiation of guideline-directed medical therapies. In this article, we review the problematic interactions between heart failure and frailty, introduce a focused cardiac screening program for community-living elderly initiated by a mobile communication device app leading to the Undiagnosed heart Failure in frail Older individuals (UFO) study, and discuss how the knowledge of pre-frailty and frailty status could be exploited for the detection of previously undiagnosed heart failure or advanced cardiac disease...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739392/clinicians-perceptions-of-usefulness-of-the-pubmed4hh-mobile-device-application-for-clinical-decision-making-at-the-point-of-care-a-pilot-study
#17
Kyungsook Gartrell, Caitlin W Brennan, Gwenyth R Wallen, Fang Liu, Karen G Smith, Paul Fontelo
BACKGROUND: Although evidence-based practice in healthcare has been facilitated by Internet access through wireless mobile devices, research on the effectiveness of clinical decision support for clinicians at the point of care is lacking. This study examined how evidence as abstracts and the bottom-line summaries, accessed with PubMed4Hh mobile devices, affected clinicians' decision making at the point of care. METHODS: Three iterative steps were taken to evaluate the usefulness of PubMed4Hh tools at the NIH Clinical Center...
May 8, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738481/speech-enhancement-of-mobile-devices-based-on-the-integration-of-a-dual-microphone-array-and-a-background-noise-elimination-algorithm
#18
Yung-Yue Chen
Mobile devices are often used in our daily lives for the purposes of speech and communication. The speech quality of mobile devices is always degraded due to the environmental noises surrounding mobile device users. Regretfully, an effective background noise reduction solution cannot easily be developed for this speech enhancement problem. Due to these depicted reasons, a methodology is systematically proposed to eliminate the effects of background noises for the speech communication of mobile devices. This methodology integrates a dual microphone array with a background noise elimination algorithm...
May 8, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734965/evaluation-of-mobile-applications-related-to-nutrition
#19
Vitória Negri Braz, Maria Helena Baena de Moraes Lopes
OBJECTIVE: To verify the reliability of information, the sources of information used and the user opinions of the free mobile applications (apps) with nutritional information available in Brazil. DESIGN: Descriptive, cross-sectional study. SETTING: We evaluated the content about nutrition of free apps available on the App Store of iPhone 5S with software iOS 8.4.1 and on the Play Store of the Android platform, version 2.3.6. For this, we compared the nutrition information provided by the app with (i) the Brazilian Food Composition Table (TACO), of 2011; (ii) food composition table: support for nutritional decision, of 2002; and (iii) the National Study of Family Expenditure: food composition tables, of 1999...
May 8, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734683/do-monetary-incentives-influence-users-behavior-in-participatory-sensing
#20
Ngo Manh Khoi, Sven Casteleyn, M Mehdi Moradi, Edzer Pebesma
Participatory sensing combines the powerful sensing capabilities of current mobile devices with the mobility and intelligence of human beings, and as such has to potential to collect various types of information at a high spatial and temporal resolution. Success, however, entirely relies on the willingness and motivation of the users to carry out sensing tasks, and thus it is essential to incentivize the users’ active participation. In this article, we first present an open, generic participatory sensing framework (Citizense) which aims to make participatory sensing more accessible, flexible and transparent...
May 4, 2018: Sensors
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