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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645974/assessing-medical-student-knowledge-and-attitudes-about-shared-decision-making-across-the-curriculum-protocol-for-an-international-online-survey-and-stakeholder-analysis
#1
Marie-Anne Durand, Renata Yen, Paul J Barr, Nan Cochran, Johanna Aarts, France Légaré, Malcolm Reed, A James O'Malley, Peter Scalia, Geneviève Painchaud Guérard, Glyn Elwyn
INTRODUCTION: Shared decision making (SDM) is a goal of modern medicine; however, it is not currently embedded in routine care. Barriers include clinicians’ attitudes, lack of knowledge and training and time constraints. Our goal is to support the development and delivery of a robust SDM curriculum in medical education. Our objective is to assess undergraduate medical students’ knowledge of and attitudes towards SDM in four countries. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The first phase of the study involves a web-based cross-sectional survey of undergraduate medical students from all years in selected schools across the United States (US), Canada and undergraduate and graduate students in the Netherlands...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637993/association-between-excessive-alcohol-use-and-alcohol-related-injuries-in-college-students-a-multi-center-cross-sectional-study-in-japan
#2
Hisashi Yoshimoto, Ayumi Takayashiki, Ryohei Goto, Go Saito, Kyoko Kawaida, Rika Hieda, Yoshihiro Kataoka, Maie Aramaki, Naoto Sakamoto, Tetsuhiro Maeno, Yoshinao Kobayashi, Yousuke C Takemura
Alcohol-related injuries in college students are a major public health problem worldwide. We clarified the association between excessive drinking and alcohol-related injuries in Japanese college students. This was a cross-sectional study with a self-administered questionnaire. From January to March 2013, we sampled all college students and graduate students aged 20 years or older during annual health examinations at three colleges in Mie Prefecture in Japan. The questionnaire assessed the frequency of alcohol drinking, amount of alcohol consumed per day, binge drinking during the past year, alcohol-related injuries during the past year, and demographic data...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637051/teaching-transnasal-endoscopy-to-graduate-students-without-a-hospital-or-simulation-laboratory-pool-noodles-and-cadavers
#3
Shari Salzhauer Berkowitz
Purpose: This study reports on a training opportunity in endoscopy in which speech-language pathology graduate students use inanimate objects and cadavers. Best practices for transnasal endoscopy in vivo require a physician to be nearby, but many graduate programs do not have this access. Method: Endoscopy was offered as a graduate elective. Students (13 women) initially learned to manipulate the endoscope through the lumen of a swimming pool noodle that was embedded with trinkets...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636063/solving-interoperability-in-translational-health-perspectives-of-students-from-the-international-partnership-in-health-informatics-education-iphie-2016-master-class
#4
Anne M Turner, Julio C Facelli, Monique Jaspers, Thomas Wetter, Daniel Pfeifer, Laël Cranmer Gatewood, Terry Adam, Yu-Chuan Li, Ming-Chin Lin, R Scott Evans, Anna Beukenhorst, Hugo Johan Theodoore van Mens, Esmee Tensen, Christian Bock, Laura Fendrich, Peter Seitz, Julian Suleder, Ranyah Aldelkhyyel, Kent Bridgeman, Zhen Hu, Aaron Sattler, Shin-Yi Guo, Islam Md Mohaimenul Mohaimenul, Dina Nur Anggraini Ningrum, Hsin-Ru Tung, Jiantano Bian, Joseph M Plasek, Casey Rommel, Juandalyn Burke, Harkirat Sohih
BACKGROUND: In the summer of 2016 an international group of biomedical and health informatics faculty and graduate students gathered for the 16th meeting of the International Partnership in Health Informatics Education (IPHIE) masterclass at the University of Utah campus in Salt Lake City, Utah. This international biomedical and health informatics workshop was created to share knowledge and explore issues in biomedical health informatics (BHI). OBJECTIVE: The goal of this paper is to summarize the discussions of biomedical and health informatics graduate students who were asked to define interoperability, and make critical observations to gather insight on how to improve biomedical education...
June 20, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624932/word-level-and-sentence-level-automaticity-in-english-as-a-foreign-language-efl-learners-a-comparative-study
#5
Dongmei Ma, Xiaoru Yu, Haomin Zhang
The present study aimed to investigate second language (L2) word-level and sentence-level automatic processing among English as a foreign language students through a comparative analysis of students with different proficiency levels. As a multidimensional and dynamic construct, automaticity is conceptualized as processing speed, stability, and accuracy which are indexed by reaction time, coefficient variation and accuracy rate. Sixty students (39 undergraduate students and 21 graduate students) who majored in English participated in this study...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621409/hefzibah-eyal-giladi-1925-2017-over-fifty-years-of-embryological-research-in-israel
#6
Oded Khaner
Hefzibah Eyal-Giladi was a creative and innovative pioneering scientist in the creation of the field of early chick embryo development. She had a sharp thinking and enthusiastic attitude, which enabled her to make a deep impression that was highly valued by the general scientific community. Notably, she was a highly successful female researcher in an era which was dominated by male scientists. Her unique personality and keen intellect enabled her to break these borders in a most successful manner. The experiments conducted by her personally, her students and her collaborators served to provide the basic knowledge and paradigms for future scientists in the field, also paving the way for discoveries in other vertebrate model systems...
2017: International Journal of Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617449/assessment-of-social-transmission-of-threats-in-humans-using-observational-fear-conditioning
#7
Jan Haaker, Armita Golkar, Ida Selbing, Andreas Olsson
Across the human life span, fear is often acquired indirectly by observation of the emotional expressions of others. The observational fear conditioning protocol was previously developed as a laboratory model for investigating socially acquired threat responses. This protocol serves as a suitable alternative to the widely used Pavlovian fear conditioning, in which threat responses are acquired through direct experiences. In the observational fear conditioning protocol, the participant (observer) watches a demonstrator being presented with a conditioned stimulus (CS) paired with an aversive unconditioned stimulus (US)...
July 2017: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616875/stakeholders-qualitative-perspectives-of-effective-telepractice-pedagogy-in-speech-language-pathology
#8
Megan S Overby
BACKGROUND: Academic programmes in speech-language pathology are increasingly providing telehealth/telepractice clinical education to students. Despite this growth, there is little information describing effective ways to teach it. AIMS: The current exploratory study analyzed the perceptions of speech-language pathology/therapy (SLP/SLT) faculty, student and SLP/SLT clinicians to ascertain effective pedagogical approaches for telepractice service delivery, rank the relative importance of telepractice skills and knowledge competencies, and define any pedagogical challenges to teaching them...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608511/a-global-community-effort-to-decipher-the-unique-biology-of-annual-killifish
#9
REVIEW
Nibia Berois, Graciela Garcia, Rafael Omar de Sá
Over the last 50 years, annual killifishes arose as alternative model organisms for studies of vertebrate biology. The annual fish offers exceptional advantages for studies of genetics, genomics, developmental biology, population dynamics, ecology, biogeography, and evolution. They inhabit extremely variable freshwater environments in Africa and South America, have a short lifespan and a set of unique and fascinating developmental characteristics. Embryos survive within the dry substrate during the dry season, whereas the adult population dies...
June 12, 2017: Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606894/developing-a-curriculum-for-information-and-communications-technology-use-in-global-health-research-and-training-a-qualitative-study-among-chinese-health-sciences-graduate-students
#10
Zhenyu Ma, Li Yang, Lan Yang, Kaiyong Huang, Hongping Yu, Huimin He, Jiaji Wang, Le Cai, Jie Wang, Hua Fu, Lisa Quintiliani, Robert H Friedman, Jian Xiao, Abu S Abdullah
BACKGROUND: Rapid development of information and communications technology (ICT) during the last decade has transformed biomedical and population-based research and has become an essential part of many types of research and educational programs. However, access to these ICT resources and the capacity to use them in global health research are often lacking in low- and middle-income country (LMIC) institutions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to assess the practical issues (ie, perceptions and learning needs) of ICT use among health sciences graduate students at 6 major medical universities of southern China...
June 12, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594816/mrna-quantification-using-single-molecule-fish-in-drosophila-embryos
#11
Tatjana Trcek, Timothée Lionnet, Hari Shroff, Ruth Lehmann
Spatial information is critical to the interrogation of developmental and tissue-level regulation of gene expression. However, this information is usually lost when global mRNA levels from tissues are measured using reverse transcriptase PCR, microarray analysis or high-throughput sequencing. By contrast, single-molecule fluorescence in situ hybridization (smFISH) preserves the spatial information of the cellular mRNA content with subcellular resolution within tissues. Here we describe an smFISH protocol that allows for the quantification of single mRNAs in Drosophila embryos, using commercially available smFISH probes (e...
July 2017: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592287/naloxone-and-the-inner-city-youth-experience-nicye-a-community-based-participatory-research-study-examining-young-people-s-perceptions-of-the-bc-take-home-naloxone-program
#12
Keren Mitchell, S Elise Durante, Katrina Pellatt, Chris G Richardson, Steve Mathias, Jane A Buxton
BACKGROUND: Take home naloxone (THN) programs reduce mortality by training bystanders to respond to opioid overdoses. Clinical observation by the health care team at the Inner City Youth (ICY) program indicated that young adults appeared to enthusiastically participate in the THN program and developed improved relationships with staff after THN training. However, we found a dearth of literature exploring the experiences of young adults with THN programs. This study set out to address this gap and identify suggestions from the young adults for program improvement...
June 7, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586443/deconstructing-one-medical-school-s-pain-curriculum-ii-partnering-with-medical-students-on-an-evidence-guided-redesign
#13
Ylisabyth S Bradshaw, Neha Patel Wacks, Alejandra Perez-Tamayo, Brenden Myers, Chukwueloka Obionwu, Rebecca A Lee, Daniel B Carr
Objective.: To reshape medical education about pain to present it as a population-based public health process as well as a neuron-centered phenomenon. Design.: Collaborate with students to apply a recent inventory of pain-related preclinical curricular content and clinical training in order to modify the current multiyear presentation and offer a broadened social perspective on pain. Appraise fourth-year medical students' pain-related educational needs by surveying their knowledge, attitudes, experience with the curriculum, and self-reported assessment of pain-related competencies...
April 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580355/adults-experiencing-homelessness-in-the-us-mexico-border-region-a-photovoice-project
#14
Eva Margarita Moya, Silvia M Chavez-Baray, Jacqueline Loweree, Brian Mattera, Nahomi Martinez
Homelessness is a social, economic, and political crisis in the United States. In particular, the US-Mexico Border region has seen a surge of homelessness, specifically among veterans, women victims of intimate partner violence, and immigrants. In 2014, 12 persons in El Paso, TX, with experience of being homeless used the photovoice methodology to participate in a project titled, "The Voices and Images of the Residents of the Opportunity Center for the Homeless: A Visual Project on the Identity and Challenges Homeless Adults Face on the Border Region...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580022/value-personality-link-measured-with-novel-instruments-developed-with-an-emic-perspective
#15
Suna Tevrüz, Tülay Turgut, Murat Çinko
The first aim of this study is to investigate whether instruments developed with an emic approach in Turkey produce the same trait-value links obtained with studies using near universal instruments, and if emic traits and value concepts are composed under agency and communal conceptions. So, the first aim of this study is to inspect the conceptual similarities in the links between traits and values. The second aim is to examine the moderating effect of disposable income on the strength of the trait-value relationship...
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572415/factors-influencing-dental-students-interest-in-advanced-periodontal-education-perspectives-of-department-chairs
#16
Luke Hearty, Catherine Demko, Nabil F Bissada, Andre Paes B da Silva
The number of graduates of U.S. dental schools enrolled in U.S. postdoctoral programs in periodontics has been decreasing. The aims of this study were to determine the perspectives of periodontics department chairs regarding 1) features of a school's predoctoral curriculum that promote student interest in advanced periodontal education and 2) characteristics of a periodontal residency program that make it more attractive to dental students over other specialty programs. In 2015, a 14-question survey was designed and sent to chairs of periodontics departments at all 65 U...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572177/development-and-validation-of-the-homeostasis-concept-inventory
#17
Jenny L McFarland, Rebecca M Price, Mary Pat Wenderoth, Patrícia Martinková, William Cliff, Joel Michael, Harold Modell, Ann Wright
We present the Homeostasis Concept Inventory (HCI), a 20-item multiple-choice instrument that assesses how well undergraduates understand this critical physiological concept. We used an iterative process to develop a set of questions based on elements in the Homeostasis Concept Framework. This process involved faculty experts and undergraduate students from associate's colleges, primarily undergraduate institutions, regional and research-intensive universities, and professional schools. Statistical results provided strong evidence for the validity and reliability of the HCI...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570303/current-status-of-fellowship-programs-for-advanced-practice-registered-nurses-in-the-nurse-practitioner-role
#18
Carlos Alberto Camal Sanchez
Students completing an advanced practice RN program for practice as a nurse practitioner may seek options for further advancement. Although postgraduate clinical fellowship programs exist, information about such programs is not readily available. This article offers a resource for faculty to assist graduate students in finding advanced practice RN nurse practitioner fellowship programs in the United States.
May 31, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555554/-graduate-students-in-medicine-course-motivation-socialization-and-academic-recognition
#19
Cristina Magalhães-Alves, Joselina Barbosa, Laura Ribeiro, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Students with a previous degree have personal and professional experiences that can contribute to a different academic path during the medical course. This study aims to: 1) analyze both satisfaction and impact of academic recognition; 2) investigate whether motivations and expectations at entrance are maintained along the course; 3) to evaluate socialization after regress to higher education. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To accomplish the first objective a questionnaire was administered to 82 students who entered the medical school from 2011/2012 to 2013/2014...
April 28, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551472/student-outbreak-response-teams-lessons-learned-from-a-decade-of-collaboration
#20
K Pogreba-Brown, J Weiss, G Briggs, A Taylor, M Schumacher, B England, R B Harris
OBJECTIVES: Student response teams within colleges of public health effectively address important concerns for two stakeholders. For universities, students learn the fundamentals of field epidemiology and provide popular training and networking opportunities. For health departments, students serve as surge capacity as trained workforce available during outbreak investigations and potentially for routine tasks. STUDY DESIGN: This paper describes the interaction between a student response team and several health departments utilizing specific examples to demonstrate the various roles and activities students can fulfill...
May 25, 2017: Public Health
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