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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328976/high-school-science-fair-and-research-integrity
#1
Frederick Grinnell, Simon Dalley, Karen Shepherd, Joan Reisch
Research misconduct has become an important matter of concern in the scientific community. The extent to which such behavior occurs early in science education has received little attention. In the current study, using the web-based data collection program REDCap, we obtained responses to an anonymous and voluntary survey about science fair from 65 high school students who recently competed in the Dallas Regional Science and Engineering Fair and from 237 STEM-track, post-high school students (undergraduates, 1st year medical students, and 1st year biomedical graduate students) doing research at UT Southwestern Medical Center...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328306/integration-and-evaluation-of-substance-abuse-research-education-training-saret-into-a-master-of-social-work-program
#2
Ellen Tuchman, Kathleen Hanley, Madeline Naegle, Frederick More, Sewit Bereket, Marc N Gourevitch
BACKGROUND: The Substance Abuse Research and Education Training (SARET) program is funded by the National Institutes of Drug Abuse in 2006 as a novel approach to spark interest in substance abuse research among medical, dental, nursing, and social work graduate students through a Web-based curriculum and research mentorships. This report presents the initial integration of the intervention in a Master of Social Work (MSW) program, the components of the program, and the mixed-methods evaluation of its effect on students' attitudes towards substance abuse research and treatment...
February 8, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323057/meet-meat-an-explorative-study-on-meat-and-cultured-meat-as-seen-by-chinese-ethiopians-and-dutch
#3
Gerben A Bekker, Hilde Tobi, Arnout R H Fischer
In this cross-cultural study we investigated how study participants from China, Ethiopia and the Netherlands operationalize the concept of meat and to what extent cultured meat fits or does not fit into this operationalization. We argue that combining the conceptual approaches symbolic boundaries and theory of social practices helps to better understand the possibly culturally dependent operationalization of the concept meat. Ten visiting graduate students from China, 10 from Ethiopia and 10 native Dutch graduate students completed freelist tasks, a pile sort task, interview and essay task, during a single session...
March 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320257/academic-stress-disrupts-cortical-plasticity-in-graduate-students
#4
Carmen Concerto, Dhaval Patel, Carmenrita Infortuna, Eileen Chusid, Maria R Muscatello, Antonio Bruno, Rocco Zoccali, Eugenio Aguglia, Fortunato Battaglia
Medical education is a time of high stress and anxiety for many graduate students in medical professions. In this study, we sought to investigate the effect of academic stress on cortical excitability and plasticity by using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). We tested two groups (n = 13 each) of healthy graduate medical students (mean age 33.7 ± 3.8 SE). One group was tested during a final exam week (High-stress group) while the other group was tested after a break, during a week without exams (Low-stress group)...
March 20, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315694/incorporation-of-autopsy-case-based-learning-into-phd-graduate-education-a-novel-approach-to-bridging-the-bench-to-bedside-gap
#5
Erin G Brooks, Joanne M Thornton, Erik A Ranheim, Zsuzsanna Fabry
Given the current rapid expansion of biological knowledge and the challenges of translating that knowledge into clinical practice, finding effective methods of teaching graduate students clinical medicine concepts has become even more critical. The utility of autopsy in medical student and resident education has been well-established. Multiple studies have reported it to be a helpful means of teaching anatomy, pathophysiology, clinical problem-solving skills, and medical diagnostic techniques. While various models of training Ph...
March 15, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304000/outcome-based-approach-to-medical-education-towards-academic-programmes-accreditation-a-review-article
#6
Abdelmarouf H Mohieldein
The rapid change worldwide, as a consequence of advances in science and technology, necessitates the graduation of well-qualified graduates who have the appropriate knowledge and skills to fulfill specific work requirements. Hence, redesigning academic models by focusing on educational outcomes became the target and priority for universities around the world. In this systematic review we collected and retrieved literature using a selection of electronic databases. The objectives of this report is to: 1) provide an overview of the evolution of outcome-based education (OBE), (2) illustrate the philosophy and principle of OBE, (3) list the OBE advantages and benefits, (4) describe the assessment strategies used in OBE, and (5) discuss the role of teachers and students as key elements...
March 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302153/students-as-effective-harm-reductionists-and-needle-exchange-organizers
#7
EDITORIAL
Kyle Barbour, Miriam McQuade, Brandon Brown
BACKGROUND: Needle exchange programs are safe, highly effective programs for promoting health among people who inject drugs. However, they remain poorly funded, and often illegal, in many places worldwide due to fear and stigma surrounding drug use. Continued advocacy, education, and implementation of new needle exchanges are thus essential to improve public health and reduce structural inequality. COMMENTARY: We argue that students, and especially professional and graduate students, have the potential to play an important role in advancing harm reduction...
March 17, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299561/america-competes-at-5%C3%A2-years-an-analysis-of-research-intensive-universities-rcr-training-plans
#8
Trisha Phillips, Franchesca Nestor, Gillian Beach, Elizabeth Heitman
This project evaluates the impact of the National Science Foundation's (NSF) policy to promote education in the responsible conduct of research (RCR). To determine whether this policy resulted in meaningful RCR educational experiences, our study examined the instructional plans developed by individual universities in response to the mandate. Using a sample of 108 U.S. institutions classified as Carnegie "very high research activity", we analyzed all publicly available NSF RCR training plans in light of the consensus best practices in RCR education that were known at the time the policy was implemented...
March 15, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298877/applying-structural-systems-thinking-to-frame-perspectives-on-social-work-innovation
#9
Erin J Stringfellow
OBJECTIVE: Innovation will be key to the success of the Grand Challenges Initiative in social work. A structural systems framework based in system dynamics could be useful for considering how to advance innovation. METHOD: Diagrams using system dynamics conventions were developed to link common themes across concept papers written by social work faculty members and graduate students (N = 19). RESULTS: Transdisciplinary teams and ethical partnerships with communities and practitioners will be needed to responsibly develop high-quality innovative solutions...
March 2017: Research on Social Work Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288618/discrepancies-between-perceptions-of-students-and-deans-regarding-the-consequences-of-restricting-students-use-of-electronic-medical-records-on-quality-of-medical-education
#10
Ivan Solarte, Karen D Könings
BACKGROUND: Electronic medical records (EMR) are more used in university hospitals, but the use of EMR by medical students at the workplace is still a challenge, because the conflict of interest between medical accountability for hospitals and quality of medical education programs for students. Therefore, this study investigates the use of EMR from the perspective of medical school deans and students, and determines their perceptions and concerns about consequences of restricted use of EMR by students on quality of education and patient care...
March 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287871/partnering-with-parents-in-interprofessional-leadership-graduate-education-to-promote-family-professional-partnerships
#11
Lewis H Margolis, Kathryn Fahje Steber, Angela Rosenberg, Ann Palmer, Kathleen Rounds, Marlyn Wells
Evidence supports the benefits to families of relationships with professionals that build on the concept of partnership, but there are few studies in the literature of strategies involving joint education for parents and professionals to enhance the capacity of parents of children with special healthcare needs to be effective interprofessional partners. Since 2007, parents of children with special healthcare needs have participated alongside graduate students from five different profession-based training programmes in a structured interprofessional leadership programme...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281919/retraumatization-mediates-the-effect-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-on-clinical-training-related-secondary-traumatic-stress-symptoms
#12
Lisa D Butler, Eugene Maguin, Janice Carello
Previous research (AuthorCitation1) has found that exposure to trauma-related material in graduate clinical coursework and field training can put students at risk for reactivations of feelings/memories from negative past experiences (retraumatization) and for secondary traumatic stress (STS) symptoms. The present report sought to examine the role, if any, of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in these outcomes. Using the AuthorCitaiton2 sample, we examined: (1) rates of ACEs in 195 graduate social work students, (2) whether the total number of ACEs was associated with training-related retraumatization (TRT) and/or STS symptoms, and (3) if TRT mediated the relationship between ACEs and STS symptoms...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274244/where-is-students-research-in-evidence-informed-decision-making-in-health-assessing-productivity-and-use-of-postgraduate-students-research-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#13
E A Obuku, J N Lavis, A Kinengyere, D K Mafigiri, F Sengooba, C Karamagi, N K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Investing in research that is not accessible or used is a waste of resources and an injustice to human subject participants. Post-graduate students' research in institutions of higher learning involves considerable time, effort and money, warranting evaluation of the return on investment. Although individual studies addressing research productivity of post-graduate students are available, a synthesis of these results in low-income settings has not been undertaken. Our first aim is to identify the types of approaches that increase productivity and those that increase the application of medical post-graduate students' research and to assess their effectiveness...
March 9, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271459/differences-in-eating-and-body-related-attitudes-beliefs-and-behaviors-among-female-graduate-students-in-nutrition-and-dietetics-and-naturopathic-medicine-a-pilot-study
#14
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268946/designing-a-hands-on-brain-computer-interface-laboratory-course
#15
Bahar Khalighinejad, Laura Kathleen Long, Nima Mesgarani
Devices and systems that interact with the brain have become a growing field of research and development in recent years. Engineering students are well positioned to contribute to both hardware development and signal analysis techniques in this field. However, this area has been left out of most engineering curricula. We developed an electroencephalography (EEG) based brain computer interface (BCI) laboratory course to educate students through hands-on experiments. The course is offered jointly by the Biomedical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, and Computer Science Departments of Columbia University in the City of New York and is open to senior undergraduate and graduate students...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266886/changing-student-attitudes-through-interaction-findings-from-an-interprofessional-workshop
#16
Kathleen Gould, Karen H Day, Andrea T Barton
Healthcare professionals are increasingly expected to work in interprofessional teams. Students therefore need opportunities to learn and practise skills that will allow them to be effective team members when they enter the workforce. This article summarises an interprofessional learning experience for 289 undergraduate and graduate students representing 13 programmes in a College of Health Professions (CHP) at a US public university. The half-day workshop provided an opportunity for participants with no prior interprofessional education to collaborate in a problem-solving case study and to inform students of other professions about their professions...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266245/audiologists-communication-behaviour-during-hearing-device-management-appointments
#17
Karen Muñoz, Clarissa W Ong, Stephanie A Borrie, Lauri H Nelson, Michael P Twohig
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this exploratory study was to describe audiologist communication behaviours during appointments for hearing device monitoring and management before and after participation in counselling skills training. DESIGN: The study used a longitudinal design with three assessment points over 6 months. STUDY SAMPLE: The sample included 10 audiologists and audiology graduate students interacting in a professional setting with their clients...
February 26, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265251/looking-through-the-glass-ceiling-a-qualitative-study-of-stem-women-s-career-narratives
#18
Mary J Amon
Although efforts have been directed toward the advancement of women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) positions, little research has directly examined women's perspectives and bottom-up strategies for advancing in male-stereotyped disciplines. The present study utilized Photovoice, a Participatory Action Research method, to identify themes that underlie women's experiences in traditionally male-dominated fields. Photovoice enables participants to convey unique aspects of their experiences via photographs and their in-depth knowledge of a community through personal narrative...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255600/impact-of-participation-in-community-based-research-among-undergraduate-and-graduate-students
#19
Cheryl L George, Jennifer Wood-Kanupka, Kathryn N Oriel
Participation in community-based research provides college students with a high-impact experience involving both research and service learning. Presently, the impact of participation in community-based research projects has been measured most often through the use of post-learning course evaluations and case studies. The authors describe the impact of participation in community-based research, at a small liberal arts college, on undergraduate education students and graduate physical therapy students using the Community-Based Research Student Learning Outcomes Survey...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250486/developing-competency-in-post-graduate-students-of-anaesthesiology-for-taking-informed-consent-for-elective-caesarean-section
#20
Kamla Harshad Mehta, Vandana Saurin Shah, Kirti Dhirajlal Patel
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Post-graduate medical students (residents) generally lack effective communication skills required to obtain informed consent. The aim of this study was to assess role play and group discussion as teaching/learning tools for improving residents' knowledge on informed consent and competency in communicating while taking informed consent. METHODS: This prospective, observational study was conducted on 30 anaesthesia residents. They were first observed while obtaining informed consent and their basic knowledge regarding communication skills was checked with a pre-test questionnaire...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
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