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COPD lung cancer

Paula J Agostini, Sebastian T Lugg, Kerry Adams, Tom Smith, Maninder S Kalkat, Pala B Rajesh, Richard S Steyn, Babu Naidu, Alison Rushton, Ehab Bishay
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) are associated with poor outcomes following thoracotomy and lung resection. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for lobectomy is now frequently utilised as an alternative to thoracotomy, however patients remain at risk for development of PPC. There is little known of the short-term outcome associated with PPC following VATS lobectomy and if there are any potential risk factors that could be modified to prevent PPC development; our study aimed to investigate this...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Parth M Rali, Gerard J Criner
Pulmonary Embolism (PE) presents a spectrum of hemodynamic consequences ranging from being asymptomatic to a life-threatening medical emergency. Management of sub massive and massive PE often involves clinicians from multiple specialties that can potentially delay the development of a unified treatment plan. Additionally, patients with submassive PE can deteriorate after their presentation and require escalation of care. Underlying comorbidities like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cancer, congestive heart failure and interstitial lung disease can impact the patient's hemodynamic ability to tolerate submassive PE...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Limin Liu, Chong Wan, Wei Zhang, Longfei Guan, Guoxiong Tian, Fang Zhang, Wenjun Ding
Exposure to particulate matter (PM) leads to kinds of cardiopulmonary diseases, such as asthma, COPD, arrhythmias, lung cancer, etc., which are related to PM-induced inflammation. We have found that PM2.5 (aerodynamics diameter <2.5 µm) exposure induces inflammatory response both in vivo and in vitro. Since the toxicity of PM is tightly associated with its size and components, PM1 (aerodynamics diameter <1.0 µm) is supposed to be more toxic than PM2.5 . However, the mechanism of PM1 -induced inflammation is not clear...
April 18, 2018: Environmental Toxicology
Jian-Long Miao, Jing-Jing Cai, Xiao-Feng Qin, Rui-Juan Liu
Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and risk factors in patients with lung cancer and COPD. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of 282 patients with lung cancer, including 174 and 108 patients with and without COPD, respectively. Information on age, sex, smoking status, and histologic type was obtained from medical records. Results: Lung cancer patients with COPD and those with the chronic bronchitis (CB) phenotype had higher smoking indices compared to those without COPD (723...
2018: BioMed Research International
Krishna B Sriram, Amanda J Cox, Pathmanathan Sivakumaran, Maninder Singh, Annabelle M Watts, Nicholas P West, Allan W Cripps
Background: Chronic airway inflammation and hypersensitivity to bacterial infection may contribute to lung cancer pathogenesis. Previous studies have demonstrated that nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is the most common colonizing bacteria in the lower airways of patients with COPD. The objective of this study was to determine the presence of NTHi and immunoglobulin concentrations in patients with lung cancer, COPD and controls. Methods: Serum and bronchial wash samples were collected from patients undergoing diagnostic bronchoscopy...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
Takamasa Shibazaki, Makoto Odaka, Yuki Noda, You Tsukamoto, Shohei Mori, Hisatoshi Asano, Makoto Yamashita, Toshiaki Morikawa
Background: We assessed how the severity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and other comorbidities affect long-term survival after thoracoscopic lung resection for c-stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: Patients with c-stage I NSCLC who underwent thoracoscopic lung resection at our hospital between 2006 to 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) spirometric grades were used to classify the severity of COPD, and comorbidity was classified according to the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI)...
February 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Vasiliki Petta, Stelios Loukides, Konstantinos Kostikas, Andriana I Papaioannou, Georgios Papatheodorou, Kyriaki Cholidou, Ioannis Tomos, Spyridon Papiris, Nikolaos G Koulouris, Petros Bakakos
Background: Osteopontin (OPN) is involved in cancer development and metastasis. Increased sputum OPN was detected in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: We evaluated serum OPN levels in patients with lung cancer (LC) and/or COPD and aimed to determine OPN prognostic performance in 1-year mortality in LC and also its diagnostic performance in LC among COPD patients. We recruited 167 LC patients, 85 with concomitant COPD. 28 COPD patients served as control group...
February 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Sun Hye Shin, Danbee Kang, Juhee Cho, Haseong Chang, Min Sun Kim, Su Yeon Lee, Hyun Lee, Hojoong Kim, Duk-Kyung Kim, Eun Kyoung Kim, Hye Yun Park
Background: COPD is a well-known risk factor for venous thromboembolism (VTE) development. However, recent data showed that it was not associated with VTE recurrence risk, which excluded cancer patients. This study investigated the association of airflow limitation and VTE recurrence in cancer patients with pulmonary embolism (PE). Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of cancer patients with newly diagnosed PE at a university hospital. PE was confirmed using contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Elysia K Donovan, Anand Swaminath
Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) has emerged as a new technology in radiotherapy delivery, allowing for potentially curative treatment in many patients previously felt not to be candidates for radical surgical resection of stage I non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Several studies have demonstrated very high local control rates using SBRT, and more recent data have suggested overall survival may approach that of surgery in operable patients. However, SBRT is not without unique toxicities, and the balance of toxicity, and effect on patient-reported quality of life need to be considered with respect to oncologic outcomes...
2018: Lung Cancer: Targets and Therapy
Ruwen Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2018: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
Guangliang Qiang, Qiduo Yu, Chaoyang Liang, Zhiyi Song, Bin Shi, Yongqing Guo, Deruo Liu
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are both common diseases in respiratory system and the leading causes of deaths worldwide. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the severity of COPD affects long-term survival in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients after surgical resection. METHODS: A retrospective research was performed on 421 consecutive patients who had undergone lobectomy for NSCLC. Classification of COPD severity was based on guidelines of the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD)...
March 20, 2018: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
Lin Wang, Yanzheng Song
BACKGROUND: To observe clinical features, clinical stagings, types ofpathology, treatment options and clinical effects of patients suffer from HIV infection combined with lung cancer, and also to provide guidance for individualized comprehensive treatment of HIV combined with lung cancer. METHODS: Through the retrospective analysis of 53 cases of HIV merger of lung cancer patients admitted in our department, 47 cases of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), 6 cases of small cell lung cancer (SCLC), 24 cases accepted surgery combined chemotherapy, 22 patients with simple chemotherapy, 7 cases give up treatment; 28 cases are in stages I-III, 25 cases are in stage IV; 24 patients received combined chemotherapy in 28 patients with stages I-III, 2 cases gave up treatment, 2 cases with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) could not tolerate chemotherapy plus surgery...
April 20, 2018: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
Cecilia Mouronte-Roibás, Virginia Leiro-Fernández, Alberto Ruano-Raviña, Cristina Ramos-Hernández, José Abal-Arca, Isaura Parente-Lamelas, Maribel Botana-Rial, Ana Priegue-Carrera, Alberto Fernández-Villar
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer (LC) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The differential clinical and functional features among LC patients with or without COPD have not been defined. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence and underdiagnosis rate of COPD in LC patients and to compare the clinical and functional features of LC patients with and without COPD. METHODS: We designed a multicenter hospital-based study including all LC cases diagnosed from January 2014 to August 2016...
March 27, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
Dongyang Nie, Mindong Chen, Yun Wu, Xinlei Ge, Jianlin Hu, Kai Zhang, Pengxiang Ge
Particulate matter (PM) air pollution has become a serious environmental problem in Nanjing and poses great health risks to local residents. In this study, characteristics of particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 μm (PM2.5 ) over Nanjing were analyzed using hourly and daily averaged PM2.5 concentrations and meteorological parameters collected from nine national monitoring sites during the period of March 2014 to February 2017. Then, the integrated exposure-response (IER) model was applied to assess premature mortality, years of life lost (YLL) attributable to PM2...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Honglei Liu, Ni Wang, Wei Chen, Wenyan Liu, Shiping Wang, Jianbo Lei, Hui Chen
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pneumonia, asthma, and lung cancer are four common respiratory diseases that impose a substantial economic burden on both patients and government in China. The objective of our study is to analyze the temporal trends of several clinical tracking metrics for hospitalization regarding these diseases. Hospital discharge data of 54 hospitals for the period 2005-2015 were derived from the Health and Family Planning Commission in Northeast China. The age-adjusted rate of discharge for the four respiratory diseases increased significantly (COPD, pneumonia, asthma: P trend <  ...
2018: BioMed Research International
Marina Macedo-Viñas, David W Denning
We aimed to estimate for the first time the burden of fungal infections in Uruguay. Data on population characteristics and underlying conditions were extracted from the National Statistics Institute, the World Bank, national registries, and published articles. When no data existed, risk populations were used to estimate frequencies extrapolating from the literature. Population structure (inhabitants): total 3,444,006; 73% adults; 35% women younger than 50 years. Size of populations at risk (total cases per year): HIV infected 12,000; acute myeloid leukemia 126; hematopoietic stem cell transplantation 30; solid organ transplants 134; COPD 272,006; asthma in adults 223,431; cystic fibrosis in adults 48; tuberculosis 613; lung cancer 1400...
March 18, 2018: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
Xu Wang, Xiaochang Zhang, Lina Jin, Zhiguang Yang, Wei Li, Jiuwei Cui
OBJECTIVE: Early detection and diagnosis of lung cancer remain challenging but would improve patient prognosis. The goal of this study is to develop a model to estimate the risk of lung cancer for a given individual. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study to develop a predictive model to identify individuals at high risk for lung cancer. Clinical data from 500 lung cancer patients and 500 population-based age- and gender-matched controls were used to develop and evaluate the model...
February 28, 2018: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
Brandi R Newsome, Karen McDonnell, Jennifer Hucks, Robin Dawson Estrada
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the most common smoking-related illness. COPD often is underemphasized as a comorbidity except when considering issues surrounding surgical treatment options. OBJECTIVES: This article aims to provide nurses with an overview of the pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatment implications of COPD. METHODS: Definitions, differentials, and treatment considerations are provided, and clinical implications and resources are described...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
Yuan Ding, Kent A Nielsen, Bruno P Nielsen, Niels W Bøje, Rainer H Müller, Sung Min Pyo
Nicotine, obtained from tobacco leaves, has been used to promote the cessation of smoking and reduce the risk of COPD and lung cancer. Incorporating the active in lipid nanoparticles is an effective tool to minimize its irritation potential and to use the particles as intermediate to produce final products. However, as a hydrophilic active, it is a challenge to prepare nicotine loaded lipid nanoparticles with high drug loading. In this study, lipid-drug-conjugates (LDC) were formed by nicotine and different fatty acids to enable the production of sufficiently loaded nicotine lipid nanoparticles...
March 12, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Hye In Jung, Jae Seok Park, Mi-Young Lee, ByeongJu Park, Hyun Jung Kim, Sun Hyo Park, Won-Il Choi, Choong Won Lee
We aimed to explore lung cancer prevalence in interstitial lung disease (ILD) patients with or without connective tissue disorder (CTD) and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) in comparison with chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD).We evaluated lung cancer prevalence associated with ILD and IPF using Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA) data from January to December 2011. This database (HIRA-NPS-2011-0001) was sampled using random sampling of outpatients; 1,375,842 sample cases were collected, and 670,258 (age ≥ 40 ys) were evaluated...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
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