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"cooperative extension"

Jeremy D Slone, Hannah J Burrack
Integrated pest management (IPM) recommendations, including scouting and economic thresholds (ETs), are available for North Carolina flue-cured tobacco growers, although ETs for key pests have not been updated in several decades. Moreover, reported IPM adoption rates by flue-cured tobacco growers remain low, at < 40%, according to NC cooperative extension surveys conducted during the last four years. Previous research has suggested that timing insecticide treatments using currently available ETs can reduce the average number of applications to two or fewer per season...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
Mallory G Cases, Andrew D Frugé, Jennifer F De Los Santos, Julie L Locher, Alan B Cantor, Kerry P Smith, Tony A Glover, Harvey J Cohen, Michael Daniel, Casey D Morrow, Douglas R Moellering, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors suffer from long-term adverse effects that reduce health-related quality of life (QOL) and physical functioning, creating an urgent need to develop effective, durable, and disseminable interventions. Harvest for Health, a home-based vegetable gardening intervention, holds promise for these domains. METHODS: This report describes the methods and recruitment experiences from two randomized controlled feasibility trials that employ a waitlist-controlled design...
September 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Rushika M Perera, Roberto Zoncu
The lysosome has long been viewed as the recycling center of the cell. However, recent discoveries have challenged this simple view and have established a central role of the lysosome in nutrient-dependent signal transduction. The degradative role of the lysosome and its newly discovered signaling functions are not in conflict but rather cooperate extensively to mediate fundamental cellular activities such as nutrient sensing, metabolic adaptation, and quality control of proteins and organelles. Moreover, lysosome-based signaling and degradation are subject to reciprocal regulation...
October 6, 2016: Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology
Joel E Williams, Kathy Gunter, Anne Lindsay, Samantha Harden, Melinda M Manore, Linda Houtkooper, Nobuko Hongu, Sarah F Griffin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Donald Reed, Dana Lester, Kathy Danberry, Peggy Lambert Fink, Sherry Owens
Despite the fact that the consequences of tobacco use are well identified and known, it remains the single most preventable cause of disease and death in the United States. In West Virginia alone, the adult prevalence of cigarette smoking is 26.8%. This study researches the perceptions of the Cooperative Extension Service's involvement and role in county-level coalitions that address tobacco use in West Virginia. The research findings provide practical areas to increase the role of the Extension Service in these vital efforts to save lives, reduce economic hardships on families, and reduce the health-care burden on the state government...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Hamida A Jinnah, Zolinda Stoneman
Farm youth continue to experience high rates of injuries and premature deaths as a result of agricultural activities. Increased parental permissiveness is positively associated with many different types of high-risk behaviors in youth. This study explored whether permissive parenting (fathering and mothering) predicts youth unsafe behaviors on the farm. Data were analyzed for 67 youth and their parents. Families were recruited from a statewide farm publication, through youth organizations (i.e., FFA [Future Farmers of America]), local newspapers, farmer referrals, and through the Cooperative Extension Network...
2016: Journal of Agromedicine
Martha Archuleta, Dawn VanLeeuwen, Carol Turner
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of the Fit Families youth weight management program on self-perception of participants. METHODS: Fit Families was delivered through Cooperative Extension and provided education to overweight and obese children and their families on healthful eating and physical activity along with building self-esteem and social competence. At the beginning and end of the 7-week program, a convenience sample of 46 youth completed the Self-Perception Profile for Children questionnaire to evaluate changes in self-perception...
June 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Julia F Storm, Catherine E LePrevost, Robin Tutor-Marcom, W Gregory Cope
Certified Safe Farm (CSF) is a multimodal safety and health program developed and assessed through multiple controlled intervention studies in Iowa. Although developed with the intent to be broadly applicable to agriculture, CSF has not been widely implemented outside the midwestern United States. This article describes the CSF implementation process in North Carolina (NC), as piloted on a large-scale in three agriculturally diverse and productive counties of NC, and reports its effectiveness using the Reach Effectiveness Adoption Implementation Maintenance (RE-AIM) framework...
2016: Journal of Agromedicine
Jonathan L Blitstein, Sheryl C Cates, James Hersey, Doris Montgomery, Mack Shelley, Christine Hradek, Katherine Kosa, Loren Bell, Valerie Long, Pamela A Williams, Sara Olson, Anita Singh
BACKGROUND: Evidence supports the use of social marketing campaigns to improve nutrition knowledge and reinforce the effects of nutrition education programs. However, the additional effects of parent-focused social marketing with nutrition education have received little attention. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess the impact of the Iowa Nutrition Network's school-based nutrition education program (Building and Strengthening Iowa Community Support for Nutrition and Physical Activity [BASICS]) and the benefits of adding a multichannel social marketing intervention (BASICS Plus) to increase parent-directed communication...
August 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Erica David, Kingsley W Dixon, Myles H M Menz
Restoration ecology is a science, driven by practical application. Despite the well-recognized disconnect between the science and practice of ecological restoration, there is a lack of practical solutions. In 2014, US agriculture marked the 100th anniversary of the Cooperative Extension Service, providing a timely reminder that the divide between science and practice can be bridged successfully. Major restoration efforts are underway across the globe and integrated science-practice communication is required to avoid project failure and a significant waste of resources...
May 2016: Trends in Plant Science
M D Getty, M Mueller, E J Amella, A M Fraser
OBJECTIVES: Medical and life-style factors are associated with malnutrition in older adults. This study assessed the presence of these risk factors in limited-resource, community-dwelling older adults to inform the development of a nutrition education interventions. DESIGN: Quantitative descriptive study. SETTING: A total of 24 randomly selected congregate nutrition sites (where limited-resource older adults can receive one hot meal/day, five days/week) in the rural state of South Carolina, USA...
February 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Lucia Kaiser, Judith Martinez, Marcel Horowitz, Catherine Lamp, Margaret Johns, Dorina Espinoza, Michele Byrnes, Mayra Muñoz Gomez, Alberto Aguilera, Adela de la Torre
Latino children experience higher rates of obesity than do non-Latino white children. Family-centered nutrition interventions can slow the rate of weight gain in this population. Niños Sanos, Familia Sana (Healthy Children, Healthy Family) is a 5-year, community-based, participatory research study that targets rural Mexican-origin farmworker families with children aged 2 to 8 years in California's Central Valley. Adaptation of a culturally relevant obesity prevention program involved qualitative research to tailor key obesity prevention messages, pilot testing and implementation of key messages and activities at family nights, and continual modification to incorporate culturally innovative elements...
2015: Preventing Chronic Disease
James C Hersey, Sheryl C Cates, Jonathan L Blitstein, Katherine M Kosa, Olga J Santiago Rivera, Dawn A Contreras, Valerie A Long, Anita Singh, Danielle A Berman
This study evaluated the impact of a four-session interactive nutrition education program-Eat Smart, Live Strong (ESLS)-on the consumption of fruit and vegetables by low-income older adults. A pre-post quasi-experimental design study was conducted with a longitudinal sample of 614 low-income Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants and those eligible for SNAP, aged 60 to 80 years, in 17 intervention and 16 comparison senior centers in Michigan. The study compared participants' self-reports of their consumption of fruit and vegetables using a modified version of the University of California Cooperative Extension Food Behavior Checklist...
2015: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Daniel F Perkins, Sarah Meyer Chilenski, Jonathan R Olson, Claudia C Mincemoyer, Richard Spoth
In this article, we describe the results of a study designed to assess knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes towards evidence-based and other prevention programs among county Extension educators. We examined differences across educators from the Family and Consumer Sciences (FCS) and 4-H Youth Development program areas. Analyses based on a multi-state sample of educators revealed significant differences across program areas such that, compared to their 4-H counterparts, FCS educators were more knowledgeable of evidence-based programs and had more favorable perceptions and attitudes towards evidence-based and other pre-packaged prevention programs...
June 2014: Journal of Extension
Laura H Downey, Donna J Peterson, Suzanne LeMenestrel, JoAnne Leatherman, James Lang
The 4-H youth development program of the nation's 109 land-grant universities and the Cooperative Extension System is one of the largest youth development organization in the United States serving approximately six million youth. The 4-H Healthy Living initiative began in 2008 to promote achievement of optimal physical, social, and emotional well-being for youth and families. In 2013, the National 4-H Council sought to identify 4-H Healthy Living programs in the domains of healthy eating and physical activity that adhered to the national 4-H Healthy Living mission and were ready for comprehensive outcome evaluation or replication at a national level...
2014: New Directions for Youth Development
Rebecca A Seguin, Sara C Folta, Mackenzie Sehlke, Miriam E Nelson, Eleanor Heidkamp-Young, Mark Fenton, Bridgid Junot
INTRODUCTION: The epidemic of obesity is a multifaceted public health issue. Positive policy and environmental changes are needed to support healthier eating and increased physical activity. METHODS: StrongWomen Change Clubs (SWCCs) were developed through an academic-community research partnership between researchers at Cornell University and Tufts University and community partners (cooperative extension educators) in rural towns in seven U.S. states. Extension educators served as the local leader and each recruited 10-15 residents to undertake a project to improve some aspect of the nutrition or physical activity environment...
2014: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Sarah M Chilenski, Jonathan R Olson, Jill A Schulte, Daniel F Perkins, Richard Spoth
Prior theoretical and empirical research suggests that multiple aspects of an organization's context are likely related to a number of factors, from their interest and ability to adopt new programming, to client outcomes. A limited amount of the prior research has taken a more community-wide perspective by examining factors that associate with community readiness for change, leaving how these findings generalize to community organizations that conduct prevention or positive youth development programs unknown...
February 2015: Evaluation and Program Planning
Michael G Perri, Marian C Limacher, Kristina von Castel-Roberts, Michael J Daniels, Patricia E Durning, David M Janicke, Linda B Bobroff, Tiffany A Radcliff, Vanessa A Milsom, Chanmin Kim, A Daniel Martin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects and costs of three doses of behavioral weight-loss treatment delivered via Cooperative Extension Offices in rural communities. METHODS: Obese adults (N = 612) were randomly assigned to low, moderate, or high doses of behavioral treatment (i.e., 16, 32, or 48 sessions over two years) or to a control condition that received nutrition education without instruction in behavior modification strategies. RESULTS: Two-year mean reductions in initial body weight were 2...
November 2014: Obesity
D L Helitzer, G Hathorn, J Benally, C Ortega
Limited research has explored pesticide injury prevention among American Indian farmers. In a five-year agricultural intervention, a university-community partnership, including the University of New Mexico School of Medicine, New Mexico State University, Shiprock Area Cooperative Extension Service, and Navajo Nation communities, used a culturally relevant model to introduce and maintain safe use of integrated pest management techniques. We applied the Diffusion of Innovations theory and community-based approaches to tailor health promotion strategies for our intervention...
July 2014: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
Angela H Lu, Katherine Dickin, Jamie Dollahite
OBJECTIVE: To develop and apply a framework exploring the extent of involvement in promoting environmental changes to prevent obesity by a group of nutrition educators (NE). DESIGN: Cross-sectional, mixed methods: qualitative interviews informed framework development; survey applied framework to describe NE's involvement in environmental changes. SETTING: Cooperative Extension in New York State. PARTICIPANTS: Interviewees (n = 7) selected to vary in environmental change activities and rural/urban location...
November 2014: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
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